Navigant Research Blog

San Diego Aims to Set the Pace for Smart City Networks

— April 21, 2017

The announcement by the City of San Diego that it will deploy over 3,000 smart sensors as part of an ambitious upgrade to its street lighting system provides evidence that we are on the cusp of a new phase for smart street lighting and city networks.

As part of an upgrade to 14,000 city lights, San Diego will deploy 3,200 of GE’s Current CityIQ sensor nodes to create a multi-application city Internet of Things (IoT) network. The intelligent nodes can support a range of applications, including gunshot detection, smart parking, air quality sensing, and vehicle and pedestrian monitoring. Deployment of the platform and fixtures is expected to begin in July and to be completed before the end of 2018. The upgrade is expected to save the city $2.4 million annually in energy costs.

Platform for Innovation

As well as supporting a number of smart city applications, San Diego is also looking at the network to provide a broader platform for innovation. According to David Graham, San Diego’s deputy chief operating officer, the goal is to allow the community “to put their hands on the heartbeat and nervous system of the city is our way of building a smart city app store.” Delivering on this vision will put San Diego at the leading edge of smart city innovations.

The project fits with broader trends in the smart city market. The benefits of LED lighting are now widely understood by cities and many also recognize the value of providing network connections to those lamp poles (even if local finances and politics can still be a barrier to actual adoption). There is strong evidence that smart street lighting is crossing the chasm to becoming a mainstream technology.

However, the use of street lighting networks as a multi-application platform for smart city development has yet to make that leap. Today, deploying and managing a connected street lighting network is challenging enough for many lighting and public works departments. They need to ensure this upgrade goes smoothly and that significant benefits are provided to the city in terms of cost savings and improved lighting services. In this context, implementing additional sensor applications is not a priority. In addition, the business case for implementing these secondary applications is harder to develop, involves the scoping of new projects, and requires buy-in from a wider range of stakeholders. For these reasons, most cities still see the deployment of additional application on their street lighting network as a pilot project, at best.

Lighting the Way

However, there are signs that these issues are being overcome. San Diego aims to lead the way, but it is not alone. Cities like Copenhagen, which is deploying a street lighting platform from Silver Spring Networks, and Eindhoven, working on an innovative lighting strategy with Philips, are also in the advanced guard—among others. As other cities gain confidence from the experience of these leading adopters, smart street lighting will move into its most exciting phase yet.

For further discussion about some of the most exciting developments in smart cities, please join us for the upcoming free webinar from Navigant Research, Smart Cities and the Energy Transformation, on April 25 at noon EDT. Click here to register.

 

Advanced Energy Market Hits $1.4 Trillion: Part 1

— April 21, 2017

Each year, Navigant Research partners with Advanced Energy Economy (AEE) to quantify the size of the US and global advanced energy market and publish the Advanced Energy Now Market Report. AEE is a national association of businesses and business leaders that share in the vision of “making the global energy system more secure, clean and affordable.”

The report presents revenue data across seven major segments and 41 different subsegments that pulls from 60+ Navigant Research market reports. This is the 6th year the report has been published. In this two-part blog series, some of the most important findings in the report are summarized:

  • Advanced energy is a $1.4 trillion global industry, almost twice the size of the global airline industry, and is nearly equal to global apparel revenue.
  • The US advanced energy industry generates nearly $200 billion in revenue, nearly double beer sales, equal to pharmaceutical manufacturing, and approaching wholesale consumer electronics.

In addition to quantifying the 41 advanced energy subsegments that make up the advanced energy market (each with multiple product categories), the report features 17 trend stories across the seven market segments. These can be rolled up into five overarching trends that are shaping the future of advanced energy. Two of these trends are featured here; the other three are summarized in part two of this blog series:

  • The rise of big data analytics: The use of software engines and algorithms to process and analyze large quantities of data and provide insights into how customers behave is changing the way companies do business across the economy, and energy is no exception. The section, “Big Data Drives Demand-Side Management Innovation,” discusses how, in recent years, utilities and energy efficiency providers have used new data tools (home energy reports, web portals, and mobile apps) to unlock cost and energy savings for customers. The “Energy Use? Yes, There’s an App for That” section profiles energy applications that are targeting the $2.3 billion global residential home energy management systems market. Meanwhile, amid the digitization of energy—which has offered up the Internet of Things, connected devices, smart grid, and even automated vehicles to consumers—new challenges have arisen, including cybersecurity. This is discussed in the “As the Grid Goes Digital, Cybersecurity Gains Importance” section.
  • Hardware cost declines: Advanced energy technology deployment continues to exhibit dramatic growth rates, enabled in large part by cost declines in hardware such as solar PV modules (see “Solar PV Sets New Records Nationally and Globally”), LED lighting, and increasingly, battery technology—with gigafactories being built around the globe to produce these items at scale. The extreme pace of these cost and commensurate price declines have restrained market revenue growth, as outlined in this report. In response to increasing market maturity and tight margins, advanced energy companies in many sectors are undergoing a shift to services, as discussed in the “Lighting as a Service” section. Market consolidation and vertical integration, scaling of manufacturing, and fierce competition are expected to drive further cost reductions in the future.
 

Portland’s New Renewables Leadership Showcased at Historic Montgomery Park Install

— April 18, 2017

An analyst’s job is to look at trends, events, movers and shakers, and data that sometimes all collide into one amazing story. One such alignment occurred on April 14, 2017 at the ribbon cutting of Imagine Energy’s 1 MW rooftop solar PV installation at the Montgomery Park building in Northwest Portland. The layers speak for themselves:

  • Solar Install: 1 MW is the third-largest solar PV installation in Portland, and it will cover 20%-25% of the all-electric historic building’s energy needs. The press release speaks for itself, “After four Historic Reviews, six crane lifts with the largest mobile crane in Oregon, the harshest winter in 40 years, detailed engineering reviews, and a 300-ton crane mobilization to set 150′ solar trusses, the 1 MW solar project at Montgomery Park is complete.” The installation included four EV charging stations, as well.
  • 100 ENERGY STAR Rating for 100th Anniversary: The solar PV installation sits atop the roof of the Montgomery Park building, and there are also three additional structures on Portland’s second-largest office building. Montgomery Park is working toward a perfect ENERGY STAR building efficiency rating of 100 by its 100th anniversary in 2020. Despite its age, Montgomery Park is the fifth most efficient building in Portland, and a score of 100 would make it No. 1!
  • History: Montgomery Park’s owner, Bill Naito, has an amazing personal history. A Japanese American who moved to Utah in high school to avoid internment during World War II, Naito went on to become one of the most prominent developers and civic leaders in Portland’s history. Imagine Energy’s founder, Jonathan Cohen, and his wife, Jessie, are two of the cities’ most active entrepreneurs and owners of other businesses in Portland.
  • 100% Renewable Energy Target: The newly elected mayor of Portland, Ted Wheeler, recently announced that Portland and Multnomah County would target 100% renewable energy for city operations by 2035—joining 25 other US cities in taking the pledge—building upon the city’s climate action plan.
  • Top Solar Drone Video: Navigant Research has covered the use of unmanned aerial vehicles for wind power inspection and for transmission and distribution monitoring. As cool as those are, nothing beats a sweet solar PV installation promo video—and Imagine Energy’s is the best I’ve seen.

While today’s solar market is led by a shrinking number of mega companies, the solar shakeout has created opportunities for small and medium companies to carve out their niche—and work on creative, challenging projects that larger companies might overlook such as the Montgomery Park project.

 

Innovators Wanted for DER Solutions

— April 18, 2017

Coauthored by Ken Horne and Laura Vogel 

Distributed energy resources (DER) are a hot topic in the energy industry these days. Some industry players take it as gospel that there will be an inevitable transition from centralized electricity generation to dispersed sources of both producing and reducing power to manage the bulk of grid supply—including Navigant Research.

The Energy Cloud and Changing Relationships

The Energy Cloud will most likely be the result of a fundamental shift in the way electricity is generated and distributed. It will signify an evolution in the traditional relationship between stakeholders across the electrical grid, particularly between utilities and their customers.

The Energy Cloud

(Navigant Consulting, Inc.)

Such a change may occur in the long term, but there are plenty of challenges that need to be overcome that invite numerous opportunities for innovation from current and new players in the energy industry. The issues range from technical to economic, regulatory, and consumer-based.

Energy Cloud Issues: Opportunities for Innovation

(Navigant Consulting, Inc.)

Technical Issues Facing the Energy Cloud

On the technical side, many hardware and software questions need to be answered. It is not so simple as to throw DER onto the existing grid—which was designed for one-way power flow. If clusters of DER on one feeder or substation occur, which is more likely than perfectly dispersed resources, voltage and reverse power flow issues must be dealt with. Visibility to DER on the grid will be key, along with real-time state estimation for behavior of the grid under near-term changes—for example, a switching operation. Communication standards (such as OpenADR) for different vendors, devices, and resource types will be necessary so that the grid operators do not need to rely on each DER vendor’s proprietary system. Big data management will be paramount for optimizing transactions, telemetry, prices, and controls on the grid.

Capturing Value Streams in the Energy Cloud

Assuming all the technical hurdles can be met, policy and economics will determine the types of business models that will succeed in a DER environment. No two countries in the world or even states in the US have identical regulatory structures. Thus, in order to scale up efficiently, flexible business models that can capture multiple value streams will be required. In some markets, the regulated utility may be allowed to own and finance projects, while in others the utility may be prohibited from such activity. Measuring the value of DER will vary by market as well, so creative financing mechanisms will be necessary. Finally, a new type of transactional platform will be imperative to accurately enact deals between suppliers and consumers—or even from consumer to consumer—in a timely manner.

 

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