At Nissan’s recent annual shareholder meeting, CEO Carlos Ghosn announced that the driving range of the LEAF battery electric vehicle (BEV) would be extended to 125 miles (200 km). The update is expected to reinvigorate sales of the LEAF in the United States, which fell by 25.5% during the first 5 months of 2015, according to hybridcars.com.
That BEVs have a shorter driving range than internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles is one of the factors that has limited sales, as drivers on longer trips don’t want to have to worry about having enough juice to get to their destination. If the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) gives the LEAF the proposed 125-mile range rating, that would be a boost of nearly 50% over the current 84-mile range. Since 125 miles is well beyond the range of most daily round trip commutes, more car shoppers would likely consider switching to a LEAF.
Ghosn also said the company has a prototype battery that could give the LEAF up to 310 miles of range, which would make it much more competitive with ICEs. Other BEV manufacturers, including Ford and General Motors (GM) are targeting a minimum of 200 miles of range for their next-generation BEVs to battle the upcoming Tesla Model 3.
According to Navigant Research’s Electric Vehicle Geographic Forecasts report, by 2018 (when several 200-mile range BEVs priced under $50,000 are expected to be available), annual sales of all plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) are expected to have grown by 168% over 2015 sales.
Decoding the Data
The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is conducting a study to see how households with both LEAFs and ICE vehicles apportion their driving miles. As previewed during the DOE’s Annual Merit Review meeting, the study will survey 37,000 consumers and study in depth the driving habits of 144 households. According to preliminary data from the study, 60% of LEAF households drive the BEV more than their ICE car, and the study looks to understand factors such as greater range or access to charging infrastructure that could increase electric miles driven.
BEVs are suitable for two-car (or more) households where the ICE is used for longer trips. However, the share of households with multiple cars (currently at 57%) is expected to steadily fall in the future as carsharing programs and other mobility services remove the need for a second car. According to the recently published Navigant Research report Urban Mobility in Smart Cities, participants in North American carsharing programs are expected to grow by 10% annually to more than 4 million by 2021.
Tags: Alternative Fuel Vehicles, Clean Transportation, Electric Vehicles, Transportation Efficiencies
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