In the Northwest, one of the most important and influential energy stakeholders is the Northwest Power Conservation Council (NWPCC). The 1980 Northwest Power Act authorized Idaho, Montana, Oregon, and Washington to develop a regional power plan and fish and wildlife program to balance the Northwest’s environment and energy needs. The heart of the NWPCC’s mission is to preserve the benefits of the Columbia River—which is home to more than 40% of total U.S. hydroelectricity—for future generations. The NWPCC develops a plan, updated every 5 years, to ensure the region’s power supply and to acquire cost-effective energy efficiency. The process relies on broad public participation to inform the plan and build consensus on its recommendations. While not statutorily obligated to comply directly with the plan, utilities generally follow its spirit, which is often in the public’s interest financially and is also a key enabler for utilities to meet their renewable portfolio targets.
Excerpts from the Plan
It is frequently pointed out that energy efficiency is almost always the lowest cost option for procuring new power, and the NWPCC upholds this with the release of each power plan. Take, for example, the following two excerpts from the most recently released Draft Seventh Power Plan. The first highlights exactly how cost-effective energy efficiency is in the Northwest and emphasizes why the region has flourishing energy efficiency solutions providers:
“In more than 90 percent of future conditions, cost-effective efficiency met all electricity load growth through 2035. It’s not only the single largest contributor to meeting the region’s future electricity needs, it’s also the single largest source of new winter peaking capacity.”
The second excerpt illustrates the powerful combination of natural gas displacing coal and energy efficiency:
“A key question for the plan was how the region could lower power system carbon dioxide emissions and at what costs. The Council’s modeling found that without additional carbon control policies, carbon dioxide emissions from the Northwest power system are forecast to decrease from about 55 million metric tons in 2015 to around 34 million metric tons in 2035, the result of retiring the Centralia, Boardman, and North Valmy coal plants by 2026; using existing natural gas-fired generation to replace them; and developing about 4,500 average megawatts of energy efficiency by 2035, which should meet all forecast load growth over that time frame.”
The following chart is from the Draft Seventh Power Plan showing new resource development for Oregon, Washington, Idaho, and Montana.
Seventh Power Plan Resource Portfolio
The 5-year plan is not a cure-all, and is not even technically enforceable, but it does highlight the unique attributes of the Pacific Northwest, not only from a natural resource perspective, but also from a cultural perspective. Though maybe not as flashy as its regional counterparts in California, the network of negawatt providers in the region (ranging from the NWPCC down to the actual implementers) have done a remarkable job at realizing the potential of energy efficiency today and at embedding these solutions into the future.