Cleantech Market Intelligence
Big Savings from Replacing Diesel with Storage
In my previous blog on diesel and energy storage, I discussed the payback period for energy storage in a remote microgrid. What is the value of reducing diesel usage in a microgrid, practically speaking?
The table below illustrates the first-year savings of displacing 15% of the diesel generation in microgrids of different sizes using energy storage. The average installed energy storage cost in this model is $2,112 per kW, and the assumption for the minimum cost of diesel fuel is $1.09 per liter, with the maximum cost in the model averaging $3.27 per liter. Since the installation of storage is a one-time cost that occurs in the first year, the savings go up after that.
Size Distribution of Deployed Microgrids and First-Year Fuel Savings
at Low and High Diesel Costs: 4Q 2013
(Source: Navigant Research)
According to Navigant Research’s Microgrid Deployment Tracker 2Q14, 231 deployed microgrids have diesel generation capacity. This means that 38% of microgrids have diesel gensets, and overall, gensets account for 11% of microgrid capacity globally. Only 40% of the 79 microgrids above 10 MW include diesel generators, and smaller systems are less likely to have diesel generation. Less than one-third of the microgrids below 500 kW rely at least partially on diesel.
Taking the example of a large microgrid system, because this is where the savings are the greatest, microgrids over 10 MW average 42.7 MW of capacity.
Still Too Costly
Assuming a microgrid does in fact have diesel generation, if a 42 MW microgrid replaced 15% of its total capacity (and assuming at least 15% of that capacity would be displacing diesel gensets) with storage, it could save between $10.9 million and $53.4 million per year after storage costs are recouped. The total savings for all of the large microgrid systems in Navigant Research’s Microgrid Deployment Tracker would amount to $2.2 billion to $10.8 billion per year in diesel fuel using just 200 MW of energy storage.
So why is storage not more popular in remote microgrids? Chances are it’s because $2,112 per kW installed is still not competitive in most markets where storage is displacing traditional power generation – even with the benefits of volume manufacturing. Companies such as Samsung SDI and LG Chem are manufacturing lithium ion cells for the grid at great volume, but it’s still challenging to deliver competitive prices to the customer. This is because a large portion of costs has nothing to do with the core technology, and instead is related to project management, system design and integration, and installation. As more companies such as Bosch and Schneider Electric enter the market and bring power electronics and energy management expertise to the storage space, these costs will come down significantly, benefiting the entire supply chain.