Cleantech Market Intelligence
Government Accelerates Autonomous Vehicle R&D in the United Kingdom
At the end of July, the British government made a commitment to support the development of self-driving vehicles in the United Kingdom. Up to three cities will be selected to host trial projects beginning in 2015, and they can apply for a share of a £10 million ($16.8 million) fund established to kick-start new investment in automotive technology. The press release said that “Ministers have also launched a review to look at current road regulations to establish how the UK can remain at the forefront of driverless car technology and ensure there is an appropriate regime for testing driverless cars in the UK.”
The United Kingdom already has one of the world’s first autonomous vehicle shuttle services, which went into operation in 2011 serving Heathrow Airport’s Terminal 5. A pilot scheme for fully autonomous pods in Milton Keynes was announced in November 2013. And the Mobile Robotics Group at Oxford University is building its reputation as an advanced research organization in driverless vehicle technology. Having the government working on legislation and helping to fund pilot programs is an important step forward in promoting the technology and attracting business to the country.
Unfortunately for the United Kingdom, though, the majority of engineering development work at the major European automakers takes place in Germany and France. Ford still has an engineering center in Essex, but it’s much smaller than its sibling near Cologne, Germany. Revised legislation and multiple testing areas in the United Kingdom may well inspire some companies to establish new satellite development centers in the country in the same way that they did in California when Google’s pioneering work began to get headlines a few years ago. On the other hand, it may also spur governments on the European continent to introduce similar efforts in their countries.
One thing to bear in mind with this technology is that there are multiple streams of applications. In the short term, there is the task of developing a more integrated approach to the individual advanced driver assistance systems functions that are already in production to be able to offer drivers help in well-defined situations such as cruising on a motorway or shuffling along in congested traffic jams. Mercedes has already begun offering its Intelligent Drive on the new S-Class, and its competitors are not far behind. Most promise something similar in the next couple of model years. More fully automated systems that can follow instructions from a navigation system under limited circumstances are expected from about 2020 on, with full automation coming to market after 2025. The United Kingdom could become a popular place for manufacturers to test such vehicle systems.
The other route is to go directly to small self-driving vehicles that operate at low speed (<25 mph) and with a limited range. In the early days, these will only operate on roads or paths where conventional vehicles are prohibited. These projects will have to be initiated by local governments rather than the automakers, and they will provide valuable practical experience of the benefits and challenges that autonomous vehicles can bring to a city or community.