Cleantech Market Intelligence
LEDs Lead Smart City Networks
The path to more systematic and dynamic control of street lighting is being blazed by the adoption of light-emitting diode (LED) technology. The continuing fall in the price of LED street lights has made them attractive to city managers around the world, particularly for new installations. In our new report, Smart Street Lighting, Navigant Research estimates that 53% of street light luminaire sales in 2014 will be LED, and that percentage will grow to 94% by 2023.
This rapid transition to LED street lights is occurring as new, networked control systems become widely available. These systems can bring added energy savings as well as additional value through greater control and reduced maintenance costs (see here, here, and here for examples). Given the comparative ease and reduced cost of installing a control node while replacing a luminaire, the LED transition is proving to be a boon in the adoption of networked street light systems. Navigant Research forecasts that revenue from the control equipment for such systems will grow from $197 million in 2014 to $477 million by 2023.
With the installation of a network that can communicate with street lights comes the opportunity to integrate those controls with multiple other intelligent systems: traffic light controls, security cameras, electric vehicle charging stations, environmental sensors, and digital signage. The availability of both power and communications on street light poles throughout a city provides a ready-made backbone for many of those other services. The same communications infrastructure can often be expanded for additional applications, and once the value of one such system is proven, city managers become far more likely to seek new applications for the technology.
In order to fulfill the potential of integration between multiple smart city systems, however, smart street lighting systems have to become more adaptable and more open. In short, they need to look more like platforms than proprietary, closed systems.
The adoption of standards at multiple levels is crucial if smart street lighting networks are to serve as the platform for other smart city projects. Standards adoption will open up the market and provide cities with more choice and greater confidence about the future value of their investment.
Standards-based software and communications protocols enable greater interoperability between systems, but there is also a role for more standards at the hardware level. For this reason, the publication of a new standard by the National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) earlier this year is an important development. Standard 136.41 defines a dimming controller and socket for street light luminaires. The implication of the new standard is that, as long as a city purchases compliant street lights, it will be able to add control features, such as dimming and wireless communications, at a later date simply by purchasing any vendor’s compliant controller and plugging it into the top of their lights. I discussed the new standard in more detail in a previous blog.
For a detailed examination of the benefits of smart street lighting for smart cities, the challenges still to be addressed, and Navigant Research’s forecasts for the growth of the market, please join us for the upcoming free webinar, Smart Street Lighting for Smart Cities, on July 8 at 2 p.m. EDT. Click here to register.