Advanced Batteries for Utility-Scale Energy Storage

Lithium Ion, Sodium Metal Halide, Sodium Sulfur, Flow, Advanced Lead-Acid,
and Other Advanced Batteries: Global Market Analysis and Forecasts

The electricity distribution grid is one of the most complex networks involved in the modern economy. It is also one of the only advanced networks to not have any storage capabilities. Electricity is consumed immediately after it is created. This is changing. The emergence of a new generation of advanced batteries that are safe, low-cost, and efficient enough to allow for storage on the grid has led to the first instances of large-scale energy storage for the electric distribution network. Although this is happening at the fringes of the network with high-value applications like frequency regulation and demand charge mitigation, it is happening.

The clear market chemistry leader in utility-scale applications of batteries on the grid is lithium ion (Li-ion). These batteries offer the best mix of performance specifications for most energy storage applications. Other battery technologies, however, are not dead. Flow batteries have been shown to excel at long-duration energy storage applications and advanced lead-acid batteries have proven to be excellent performers in power-intensive applications. The Asia Pacific region will see the highest growth in advanced batteries for utility-scale applications during the next 10 years, though growth will also be strong in North America and Europe. Navigant Research forecasts that the annual revenue of cell sales for advanced batteries for utility-scale applications will grow from $221.8 million in 2014 to $17.8 billion in 2023.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the global market for advanced batteries for utility-scale energy storage. The study examines the business case for various utility-scale energy storage applications and explores the strengths and weaknesses of the major battery chemistries and how they match to specific applications. Global market forecasts for energy capacity, power capacity, and revenue, segmented by region, application, chemistry, and subchemistry, extend through 2023. The report also provides profiles of the key market participants, including major battery manufacturers and systems integrators.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • How much revenue will be earned by the sale of advanced batteries for utility-scale energy storage around the world during the next 10 years?
  • How much energy capacity (in megawatt-hours) of batteries will be sold globally?
  • How much power capacity (in megawatts) of batteries will be sold globally?
  • Which utility-scale energy storage applications will be most appropriate for advanced batteries?
  • How will the advanced battery landscape change during the next 10 years?
  • Which advanced battery chemistries and subchemistries will experience the most growth?
Who needs this report?
  • Battery manufacturers
  • Energy storage systems integrators and project developers
  • Electric utilities
  • Independent power producers
  • Electricity system regulators and policymakers
  • Government agencies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Overview

1.2  Technologies Covered in This Report

1.3  Key Findings

2. Market Issues

2.1  Utility Applications for Advanced Batteries

2.1.1   Ancillary Services

   2.1.1.1  Frequency Regulation

   2.1.1.2  Spinning Reserves

   2.1.1.3  Non-Synchronous Reserves

   2.1.1.4  Black-Start

   2.1.1.5  Volt/VAR Support

   2.1.1.6  Voltage Regulation

   2.1.1.7  DR

2.1.2   Peak Shaving

2.1.3   Load Shifting

2.1.4   Renewables Integration

2.1.4.1  Solar Power Cloud Mitigation

2.1.4.2  Wind Ramping Mitigation

2.2  Regional Markets

2.2.1   North America

2.2.1.1  California

2.2.1.2  Other North American Grids

2.2.2   Europe

2.2.2.1  Germany

2.2.2.2  Southern Europe

2.2.3   Asia Pacific

2.2.3.1  China

2.2.3.2  Japan and South Korea

2.2.4   Other Regions

3. Technology Issues

3.1  Overview

3.2  Advanced Battery Specifications

3.3  Battery Management System and Balance-of-System Issues

3.4  Li-ion Batteries

3.4.1   LFP

3.4.2   LMO

3.4.3   LTO

3.4.4   LCO

3.4.5   NCA

3.4.6   NMC

3.5  NaS Batteries

3.6  Sodium Metal Halide Batteries

3.7  Flow Batteries

3.7.1   ZBR

3.7.2   VR

3.7.3   Iron Chromium

3.8  Advanced Lead-Acid Batteries

4. Key Industry Players

4.1  Overview

4.2  Li-ion Manufacturers

4.2.1   Major Li-ion Players

4.2.1.1  BYD Co. Ltd.

4.2.1.2  LG Chem

4.2.1.3  Samsung SDI

4.2.2   Other Li-ion Players

4.2.2.1  A123 Systems

4.2.2.2  ATL

4.2.2.3  Johnson Controls, Inc.

4.2.2.4  Leclanché

4.2.2.5  Lishen

4.2.2.6  Panasonic

4.2.2.7  Saft

4.2.2.8  SK Innovation

4.2.2.9  Toshiba

4.3  Other Battery Chemistry Manufacturers

4.3.1   Aquion Energy

4.3.2   Ecoult

4.3.3   EnerVault

4.3.4   FIAMM SoNick

4.3.5   GE

4.3.6   Imergy Power Systems

4.3.7   NGK Insulators

4.3.8   UET

4.3.9   ZBB Energy

4.4  Other Industry Participants

5. Market Forecasts

5.1  Forecast Methodology

5.2  Total Installed Capacity Forecast

5.2.1   North America

5.2.2   Europe

5.2.3   Asia Pacific

5.2.4   Latin America and the Middle East & Africa

5.3  Battery Chemistry Forecast

5.3.1   Li-ion Forecast

5.3.2   Flow Battery Forecast

5.4  Applications Forecast

5.4.1   Ancillary Services Forecast

5.4.2   Peak Shaving Forecast

5.4.3   Load Shifting Forecast

5.4.4   Renewables Integration Forecast

5.4.5   Other Applications Forecast

5.5  Price Curve Forecast for Advanced Batteries

5.6  Conclusions and Recommendations

5.6.1   Conclusions

5.6.2   Recommendations for Battery Manufacturers

5.6.3   Recommendations for Battery Purchasers

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Annual Revenue of Cell Sales for Advanced Batteries for Utility-Scale Applications by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Cell Price Requirements for Energy Storage Applications and Current and Future Cell Prices, World Markets: 2014
  • Annual Sales of Advanced Batteries for Utility-Scale Applications, Energy Capacity and Revenue, North America: 2014-2023
  • Annual Sales of Advanced Batteries for Utility-Scale Applications, Energy Capacity and Revenue, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Annual Sales of Advanced Batteries for Utility-Scale Applications, Energy Capacity and Revenue, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • Annual Sales of Advanced Batteries for Utility-Scale Applications, Energy Capacity and Revenue, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • Annual Sales of Advanced Batteries for Utility-Scale Applications, Energy Capacity and Revenue, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
  • Market Share of Advanced Batteries for Utility-Scale Applications by Chemistry, World Markets: 2014
  • Annual Sales of Li-ion Batteries for Utility-Scale Applications, Energy Capacity and Revenue, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Sales of Flow Batteries for Utility-Scale Applications, Energy Capacity and Revenue, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Sales of Advanced Batteries for Ancillary Services, Energy Capacity and Revenue, by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Sales of Advanced Batteries for Peak Shaving, Energy Capacity and Revenue, by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Sales of Advanced Batteries for Load Shifting, Energy Capacity and Revenue, by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Sales of Advanced Batteries for Renewables Integration, Energy Capacity and Revenue, by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Sales of Advanced Batteries for Other Applications, Energy Capacity and Revenue, by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lowest Cell Price of Advanced Batteries for Utility-Scale Applications by Chemistry, World Markets: 2014, 2017, and 2020
  • Lowest Cell Price of Li-ion Batteries for Utility-Scale Applications by Subchemistry, World Markets: 2014, 2017, and 2020

List of Tables

  • Lithium Iron Phosphate Summary
  • Lithium Manganese Spinel Summary
  • Lithium Titanate Summary
  • Lithium Cobalt Oxide Summary
  • Lithium Nickel Cobalt Aluminum Summary
  • Lithium Nickel Manganese Cobalt Summary
  • Sodium Sulfur Summary
  • Sodium Metal Halide Summary
  • BYD SWOT Analysis
  • LG Chem SWOT Analysis
  • Samsung SDI SWOT Analysis
  • Other Battery Manufacturers
  • Major Battery Purchasers
  • Annual Energy Capacity of Advanced Batteries for Utility-Scale Applications by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Power Capacity of Advanced Batteries for Utility-Scale Applications by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Revenue of Cell Sales for Advanced Batteries for Utility-Scale Applications by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Energy Capacity of Advanced Batteries for Ancillary Services by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Energy Capacity of Advanced Batteries for Peak Shaving by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Energy Capacity of Advanced Batteries for Load Shifting by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Energy Capacity of Advanced Batteries for Renewables Integration by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Energy Capacity of Advanced Batteries for Other Applications by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Power Capacity of Advanced Batteries for Ancillary Services by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Power Capacity of Advanced Batteries for Peak Shaving by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Power Capacity of Advanced Batteries for Load Shifting by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Power Capacity of Advanced Batteries for Renewables Integration by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Power Capacity of Advanced Batteries for Other Applications by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Revenue of Advanced Batteries for Ancillary Services by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Revenue of Advanced Batteries for Peak Shaving by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Revenue of Advanced Batteries for Load Shifting by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Revenue of Advanced Batteries for Renewables Integration by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Revenue of Advanced Batteries for Other Applications by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Energy Capacity of Advanced Batteries for Utility-Scale Applications by Chemistry, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Power Capacity of Advanced Batteries for Utility-Scale Applications by Chemistry, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Revenue of Advanced Batteries for Utility-Scale Applications by Chemistry, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lowest Cell Price of Advanced Batteries for Utility-Scale Applications by Chemistry, World Markets: 2014, 2017, and 2020
  • Lowest Cell Price of Li-ion Batteries for Utility-Scale Applications by Subchemistry, World Markets: 2014, 2017, and 2020

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