Advanced Energy Storage for UPS Applications

Advanced Lead-Acid, Lithium Ion, Flow, and Other Battery Chemistries
for Non-Mission Critical C&I UPS System Applications: Global Market Analysis and Forecasts

Commercial and industrial (C&I) facility managers with mission critical operations such as data centers, telecom operations, financial services centers, and hospitals deploy uninterruptible power supply (UPS) systems to provide continuous electrical service with high power quality. Historically, mission critical UPS systems have used redundant, valve-regulated lead-acid (VRLA) battery systems. Given the risks associated with the failure of mission critical UPS systems, these C&I facility managers are conservative in nature. They have been slow to adopt new or untested UPS solutions using lithium ion (Li-ion) or other advanced batteries, even if these new solutions could improve the total cost of operation.

However, C&I facility managers that do not have mission critical operations have not deployed UPS systems to address electrical service outages due to the high costs associated with these systems. These C&I facility managers view electrical service outages and the resulting financial impacts of the associated downtime as an unmanageable cost of doing business. This Navigant Research report focuses on the emergence of a new UPS solution that leverages behind-the-meter (BTM) C&I distributed energy storage system (DESS) technology that can provide grid ancillary services as well as electrical demand charge reduction. These DESSs with UPS capabilities, referred to as UPSX, are poised to mitigate the impact of electrical service outages for non-mission critical C&I operations. According to Navigant Research, the annual global market for the deployment of UPSX is expected to reach $2.7 billion by 2026.

This Navigant Research report examines the drivers, barriers, and regional trends affecting the deployment of UPSX. The study provides an analysis of the market issues, including drivers, barriers, and geographic trends, associated with UPSX solutions. Global market forecasts for UPSX revenue, segmented by region, building type, and technology, extend through 2026. The report also examines the key technologies related to UPS systems, as well as the competitive landscape.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • What are UPSX solutions?
  • What are the market drivers and barriers for the deployment of UPSX solutions?
  • What regional trends are affecting the deployment of UPSX systems?
  • What are the market forecasts for the deployment of UPSX systems through 2026?
Who needs this report?
  • Solar PV project developers and financiers
  • Solar PV technology manufacturers
  • DER project developers, systems integrators, and financiers
  • DER technology manufacturers
  • Energy storage technology manufacturers
  • Microgrid project developers, systems integrators, and financiers
  • Utility business model strategists
  • Federal, state, and local policymakers
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1   Introduction

1.2   New Energy Storage Solutions for Non-Mission Critical UPS Systems

1.3   Report Focus

1.4   Summary of Drivers for the Deployment of UPSX

1.5   Summary of Barriers to the Deployment of UPSX

1.6   Forecast Highlights

2. Market Issues

2.1   Introduction to UPS System Energy Storage Solutions

2.1.1   UPS Systems for Mission Critical Operations

2.1.2   UPS Systems for Non-Mission Critical Operations

2.1.3   DESSs

2.1.4   UPSX for Non-Mission Critical Operations

2.2   Report Boundaries

2.3   Market Drivers for UPSX

2.3.1   Improving Business Case for DESSs

2.3.2   Increased Penetration of DER

2.3.3   Grid Unreliability

2.3.4   Financing Innovation

2.4   Market Barriers for UPSX

2.4.1   Poor Information on Cost Outages

2.4.2   Lack of Familiarity with DESS Technology

2.4.3   DESS Application Uncertainty

2.4.4   Grid Reliability

2.5   Trends by Geography

2.5.1   North America

2.5.2   Western Europe

2.5.3   Asia Pacific

3. Technology Issues

3.1   Overview of Various UPS Technologies

3.2   Introduction to UPS Systems

3.2.1   Standby UPS Systems

3.2.2   Line Interactive UPS Systems

3.2.3   Double Conversion Online UPS Systems

3.2.4   Delta Conversion Online UPS Systems

3.3   Technology Overview: Mission Critical UPS Systems

3.4   Technology Overview: Non-Mission Critical UPS Systems

3.5   UPSX Technology System Architecture

3.6   UPSX Technology Overview

3.6.1   UPSX Energy Storage Software

3.6.1.1   Project Analytics

3.6.1.2   System Operation and Control

3.6.1.3   System Optimization

3.6.1.4   DESS Software Applications and Services

3.6.1.5   Integration with Building Load and Tariff Details

3.6.1.6   Integration with Building Energy Management

3.6.1.7   Integration with DG

3.6.1.8   Aggregation and VPP Capabilities

3.6.1.9   Software Communications, Integration, and Standards

3.6.1.10   Interoperability

3.6.2   Hardware Technology

3.6.2.1   Voltage Sensing

3.6.2.2   Transfer Switch

3.6.2.3   Power Electronics Switch

3.6.2.4   Storage Technology

3.6.2.5   Programmable Logic Controllers

3.6.2.6   Smart Inverters

3.6.2.7   DG for Backup Power

4. Key Industry Players

4.1   Introduction to UPSX Key Industry Players

4.2   ABB

4.3   Demand Energy

4.4   Eaton

4.5   Ecoult

4.6   Efacec

4.7   EnSync Energy Systems

4.8   Go Electric

4.9   JLM Energy

4.10   Johnson Controls

4.11   S&C Electric

4.12   APC by Schneider Electric

4.13   Siemens

4.14   Stem

4.15   Vertiv

5. Market Forecasts

5.1   Introduction

5.2   Methodology

5.2.1   High Resilience Need Buildings

5.2.2   Medium Resilience Need Buildings

5.2.3   Low Resilience Need Buildings

5.3   Market Forecasts

5.3.1   North American Market Forecast

5.3.2   Western European Market Forecast

5.3.3   Asia Pacific Market Forecast

5.4   Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Acronym and Abbreviation List
7. Table of Contents
8. Table of Charts and Figures
9. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • DESS Demand Charge Reduction
  • DESS Software Platform Capability Requirements
  • Standby UPS Systems
  • Line Interactive UPS Systems
  • Double Conversion Online UPS Systems
  • Delta Conversion Online UPS Systems
  • Voltage Independent UPS Systems
  • Illustration of VPP Architecture
  • PLC System Diagram
  • Annual Installed UPSX Power Capacity and Revenue by Building Type, World Markets: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed Total DER Power Capacity by Technology, World Markets: 2017-2026
  • Typical Load Profiles, High Resilience Need Buildings: 2016
  • Typical Load Profiles, Medium Resilience Need Buildings: 2016
  • Typical Load Profiles, Low Resilience Need Buildings: 2016
  • Annual Installed UPSX Power Capacity and Revenue, Top Five Building Types, World Markets: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Power Capacity and Revenue by Building Type, North America: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Energy Capacity and Revenue by Building Type, North America: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Power Capacity and Revenue by Building Type, Western Europe: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Energy Capacity and Revenue by Building Type, Western Europe: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Power Capacity and Revenue by Building Type, Asia Pacific: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Energy Capacity and Revenue by Building Type, Asia Pacific: 2017-2026

List of Tables

  • Average Grid Stability Ratings by Country, System Average Interruption Frequency Index (SAIFI), Most Recent Data Available
  • DESS Installed Cost (CAPEX) Assumption by Technology, Global Averages: 2017-2026
  • DESS Duration Assumptions by Technology, Global Averages
  • Annual Installed UPSX Power Capacity by Building Type, World Markets: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Energy Capacity by Building Type, World Markets: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Revenue by Building Type, World Markets: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Power Capacity by Technology, World Markets: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Energy Capacity by Technology, World Markets: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Revenue by Technology, World Markets: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Power Capacity by Building Type, North America: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Power Capacity by Building Type, Western Europe: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Power Capacity by Building Type, Eastern Europe: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Power Capacity by Building Type, Asia Pacific: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Power Capacity by Building Type, Latin America: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Power Capacity by Building Type, Middle East & Africa: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Energy Capacity by Building Type, North America: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Energy Capacity by Building Type, Western Europe: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Energy Capacity by Building Type, Eastern Europe: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Energy Capacity by Building Type, Asia Pacific: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Energy Capacity by Building Type, Latin America: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Energy Capacity by Building Type, Middle East & Africa: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Revenue by Building Type, North America: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Revenue by Building Type, Western Europe: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Revenue by Building Type, Eastern Europe: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Revenue by Building Type, Asia Pacific: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Revenue by Building Type, Latin America: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Revenue by Building Type, Middle East & Africa: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Power Capacity by Technology, North America: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Power Capacity by Technology, Western Europe: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Power Capacity by Technology, Eastern Europe: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Power Capacity by Technology, Asia Pacific: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Power Capacity by Technology, Latin America: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Power Capacity by Technology, Middle East & Africa: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Energy Capacity by Technology, North America: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Energy Capacity by Technology, Western Europe: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Energy Capacity by Technology, Eastern Europe: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Energy Capacity by Technology, Asia Pacific: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Energy Capacity by Technology, Latin America: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Energy Capacity by Technology, Middle East & Africa: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Revenue by Technology, North America: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Revenue by Technology, Western Europe: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Revenue by Technology, Eastern Europe: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Revenue by Technology, Asia Pacific: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Revenue by Technology, Latin America: 2017-2026
  • Annual Installed UPSX Revenue by Technology, Middle East & Africa: 2017-2026
  • Strengths and Weaknesses of Various UPS System Topologies

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