Advanced Lead-Acid Batteries

Enhanced Flooded, Valve-Regulated, Lead-Carbon, and UltraBatteries for Motive, Transportation, and Stationary Applications: Global Market Analysis and Forecasts

Conventional lead-acid batteries have a significant history in providing energy storage for a variety of end-use applications, both mobile and stationary. The operating demands of these applications have never been such that the technical deficiencies of lead-acid batteries – namely short cycle lives and slow charging rates – have thwarted their commercial success. Now, however, both mobile and stationary applications, ranging from electrified vehicles to energy storage on the power grid, are demanding more dynamic energy storage services, which necessitates better technical performance characteristics (energy density, power density, charge acceptance) and lower lifecycle costs (improved battery cycle life). Conventional lead-acid batteries cannot provide the level of performance demanded by these emerging applications and complementary technologies.

The increased adoption of renewable energy generation and advanced vehicle technologies, such as hybrid and stop-start vehicles, is driving innovation in the lead-based battery sector. New lead-based batteries are finding success in applications where batteries have a long history, such as vehicles, as well as new applications including grid storage for renewables integration. By 2020, Pike Research forecasts that advanced lead-acid batteries will capture roughly 25% of the global battery-based grid storage market, a small subset of the broader energy storage market. The market value for advanced lead-acid batteries in grid storage will be approximately $6.8 billion in 2020. Transportation applications, however, will still be the leading market for advanced lead-acid battery revenues.

This Pike Research report analyzes the technical advances in advanced lead-acid and fast-charging lead-acid batteries, which dramatically improve the capabilities of lead-based batteries. The report includes a detailed analysis of the micro-drivers in each target application, along with technical comparisons of advanced lead-acid batteries with competing battery technologies. The market opportunities and challenges for stationary, transportation, and motive applications are detailed, as well. Leading market players for each application are profiled, and market revenues are forecast by application and world region through 2020.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • How are battery developers improving lead-acid battery chemistries?
  • Which applications will be the leading markets for advanced lead-acid batteries?
  • How will advanced lead-acid batteries compete with lithium ion batteries in emerging applications?
  • What are the emerging business models for advanced lead-acid batteries in stationary applications?
  • Who are the key vendors developing advanced lead-acid batteries?
  • Which world regions will lead in terms of unit sales and revenue for advanced lead-acid batteries?
Who needs this report?
  • Battery technology developers
  • Reserve power system providers
  • Grid storage equipment developers and integrators
  • Automotive manufacturers and suppliers
  • Enterprise IT and telecom managers
  • Utilities
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1.  Executive Summary

1.1   Advanced Lead-Acid Batteries: A History of Practical Innovation

1.1.1     Report Focus

1.2   The Future of Battery-Based Energy Storage

2.  Market Issues

2.1   Introduction

2.2   Application Overview

2.2.1     Transportation and Motive Applications

2.2.1.1     Stop-Start Vehicles and Microhybrids

2.2.1.2     Hybrid Locomotives

2.2.1.3     Materials Handling

2.2.2     Stationary Storage

2.2.2.1     Paths to Market

2.2.2.2     Community and Residential Energy Storage

2.2.2.3     Utility-Scale Applications

2.2.2.3.1.             Renewables Integration

2.2.2.3.2.             Grid Storage

2.2.2.3.3.             Case Study: UltraBattery Installation

2.2.2.4     Telecommunications Base Stations and Remote Community Power

2.2.2.5     Uninterruptible Power Supply

2.2.3     Summary of Applications

2.3   Regional Market Issues

2.3.1     Overview

2.3.2     North America

2.3.2.1     Transportation

2.3.2.2     Grid Storage

2.3.2.3     Business Environment

2.3.3     Western Europe

2.3.3.1     Transportation

2.3.3.2     Grid Storage

2.3.3.2.1.             Germany

2.3.4     Asia Pacific

2.3.4.1     Transportation

2.3.4.2     Grid Storage

2.3.5     Latin America

2.3.5.1     Grid Storage

3.  Technology Issues

3.1   Introduction

3.2   Definition of Advanced Lead-Acid Batteries

3.2.1     Enhanced Flooded Batteries

3.2.2     Valve-Regulated Lead-Acid Batteries

3.2.2.1     Absorbed Glass Mat Batteries

3.2.2.2     Ceramic Battery

3.2.3     Sulfation

3.3   Advanced Lead-Acid Batteries with Carbon Additives

3.3.1     Lead-Carbon Batteries

3.3.1.1     UltraBattery

3.4   Advanced Lead-Acid Batteries in Context

3.5   Costs for Advanced Lead-Acid Batteries

4.  Key Industry Players

4.1   Overview

4.2   Lead-Acid Battery Vendors

4.2.1     Atraverda

4.2.2     Axion Power

4.2.3     C&D Technologies

4.2.4     East Penn Manufacturing

4.2.5     Enersys

4.2.6     Exide Technologies

4.2.7     FIAMM

4.2.8     Furukawa Battery

4.2.9     General Electric

4.2.10   GS Battery

4.2.11   GS Yuasa

4.2.12   Johnson Controls Inc.

4.2.13   Panasonic

4.2.14   Primearth EV Energy

4.2.15   Trojan Battery

4.2.16   Xtreme Power Inc.

4.3   Ultracapacitor Vendors

4.3.1     Ioxus

4.3.2     Maxwell Technologies

4.4   Systems Integrators and Project Developers

4.4.1     AES Energy Storage, LLC

4.4.2     Ecoult

4.4.3     S&C Electric Company

4.5   Research and Industry Organizations

4.5.1     Advanced Lead-Acid Battery Consortium

4.5.2     Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation

5.  Market Forecasts

5.1   Overview of Market Forecasts

5.1.1     Market Forecast Methodology

5.1.2     Market Forecast Data

5.1.3     Forecasts by Application

5.2   Leading Market Application: Transportation

5.2.1     Stop-Start Vehicles Drive Growth in Advanced Lead-Acid Batteries

5.2.1.1     Advanced Lead-Acid Batteries in Context

5.3   Stationary Applications: UPS Is Leading Opportunity

5.3.1     Grid Storage: Many Competitors

5.4   Motive Applications

6.  Company Directory
7.  Acronym and Abbreviation List
8.  Table of Contents
9.  Table of Charts and Figures
10.  Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Advanced Lead-Acid Battery Market Value by Application, World Markets: 2012-2020
  • Capacity of Grid Storage Technologies, Excluding Pumped Hydro, World Markets: 2012
  • Advanced Lead-Acid Battery Market Value by Region, All Applications, World Markets: 2012-2020
  • Technology Penetration in SSVs by Battery Chemistry, World Markets: 2012-2020
  • Market Value of Advanced Lead-Acid Batteries for Stationary Applications by Region, World Markets: 2012-2020
  • New Installations of Off-Grid Base Stations and Green Base Stations, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Market Value of Advanced Lead-Acid Batteries in Stationary Applications by Stationary End Use, World Markets: 2012-2020
  • Market Value of Advanced Lead-Acid Batteries in Motive Applications by Region, World Markets: 2012-2020
  • Advanced Lead-Acid Battery Cycle Life Comparison to Other Advanced Batteries

List of Tables

  • Supplier Stop-Start Systems Summary
  • Summary of Market Conditions for Advanced Batteries, Utility-Scale Applications
  • Summary of Applications for Advanced Lead-Acid Batteries by Category
  • Locomotive Types
  • Lead-Acid Battery Segmentation by Technical Design
  • Summary of the Technical Characteristics of Leading Advanced Lead-Acid Battery Technologies
  • Estimated Market Penetration of Advanced Batteries in SSVs by Chemistry: 2012 & 2020
  • Advanced Lead-Acid Battery Market Value by Region, All Applications, World Markets: 2012-2020
  • Advanced Lead-Acid Battery Market Value by Application, World Markets: 2012-2020
  • Market Value of Advanced Lead-Acid Batteries in Stationary Applications by Stationary End Use, World Markets: 2012-2020
  • Annual SSV Light Duty Vehicle Battery Sales by Region, World Markets: 2011-2020
  • Technology Penetration in SSVs by Battery Chemistry, World Markets: 2012-2020
  • Hybrid Locomotive Battery Storage Capacity by Battery Chemistry, Baseline Scenario, World Markets: 2020
  • Hybrid Locomotive Battery Storage Capacity by Region, Baseline Scenario, World Markets: 2012-2020
  • Advanced Lead-Acid New Installed Capacity for Utility-Scale Applications by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • New Advanced Lead-Acid Capacity Deployed for CRES by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • Market Value of Advanced Lead-Acid Batteries for Utility-Scale and CRES Applications by Region, World Markets: 2012-2022
  • New Installations of Off-Grid Base Stations and Green Base Stations, World Markets: 2013-2020

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