Advanced Sensors for Smart Buildings

Advanced Occupancy Sensors, Advanced CO2 Sensors, Advanced Thermostats, and Advanced Photosensors: Global Market Analysis and Forecasts

With energy costs following a seemingly upward trajectory in many parts of the world and climate change on the political agenda, there is an ever-increasing focus on achieving greater energy efficiency to generate cost savings. Today, commercial buildings represent a huge source of energy use but, for the most part, these buildings are inefficient. Indeed, the majority of sensors currently used in buildings are considered dumb – that is, they are incapable of making intelligent decisions in real-time.

Although still an extremely nascent market, an array of advanced sensors better able to adapt to changing building conditions is emerging. New, advanced occupancy sensors, for example, can match ventilation rates to the number of people in a room, thus providing benefits of reduced energy use and improved air quality. Likewise, there are sensors today that can periodically self-calibrate and correct for drift, allowing them to be used for better monitoring and maintenance of equipment. Meanwhile, advances in sensing technologies are enabling the deployment of low-power wireless sensors deeper into buildings than ever before. Navigant Research forecasts that global shipments of advanced sensors will grow from 1.8 million units annually in 2013 to 28.4 million units in 2020.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the global market opportunity for advanced occupancy sensors, advanced CO2 sensors, advanced thermostats, and advanced photosensors. The report provides a comprehensive assessment of the demand drivers, business models, and policy and regulatory factors associated with the market for these products. Global revenue and unit shipment forecasts, segmented by four product types, five major geographic regions, and eight building types, extend through 2020. The report also examines various technologies related to advanced sensors for smart buildings and profiles key industry players in depth.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • What is the difference between an advanced sensor and a standard sensor?
  • What are the benefits of advanced sensors in commercial buildings?
  • Where is the most innovation currently taking place?
  • What are the main drivers and inhibitors of growth in the market for advanced sensors?
  • How are average selling prices (ASPs) trending and why?
  • What are the current and likely future application areas for advanced sensors?
  • How are sensing technologies evolving?
  • Who are the leading providers of advanced sensors and how do their products differ?
Who needs this report?
  • Commercial building owners and managers
  • Sensor manufacturers
  • Building automation system vendors
  • Lighting control companies
  • Commercial HVAC equipment manufacturers and suppliers
  • Systems integrators
  • Government agencies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Advanced Sensor Industry Trends

1.2  Forecast Highlights

2. Market Issues                    

2.1  Common Sensors Used in Buildings

2.2  What Are Advanced Sensors and Smart Buildings?

2.2.1   Advanced Sensor Characteristics

2.2.2   Smart Building Characteristics

2.3  Product Definitions

2.3.1   Advanced CO2 Sensors

2.3.2   Advanced Occupancy Sensors

2.3.3   Advanced Photosensors

2.3.4   Advanced Thermostats and Room Temperature Sensors

2.3.5   Scope Boundaries

2.4  Key Drivers of Growth

2.4.1   Rising Energy Prices

   2.4.1.1  DCV

   2.4.1.2  Occupancy-Based Control of DCV

2.4.2   Green Building Certifications

2.4.3   DR and Dynamic Pricing

2.4.4   New Models for Financing Energy Efficiency

2.4.5   Regulations and Codes

   2.4.5.1  ASHRAE Standards

      2.4.5.1.1.   ASHRAE 55-2010

      2.4.5.1.2.   ASHRAE 62.1-2010

      2.4.5.1.3.   ASHRAE 90.1-2010

   2.4.5.2  Building Bulletin 101

   2.4.5.3  California Title 24

   2.4.5.4  Directive 2002/91/EC of the European Parliament

   2.4.5.5  International Energy Conservation Code

2.4.6   Automatic Fault Detection and Diagnostics

2.4.7   Occupant Health and Worker Well-Being

2.4.8   Maturation of Wireless Technologies

2.5  Potential Market Inhibitors

2.5.1   Lack of Awareness

2.5.2   Persistent Sensor Inaccuracy

2.5.3   Prohibitive Costs

   2.5.3.1  Perceived Payback

   2.5.3.2  Difficulty Reaching Budget Holders

2.5.4   Growth in LED Lighting

2.5.5   Lack of Familiarity with Wireless Technologies

2.6  New Application Areas

2.6.1   Fire Detection

2.6.2   Search and Rescue

2.6.3   Queue Management

2.6.4   Healthcare

3. Technology Issues            

3.1  Introduction

3.2  Sensing Technologies

3.2.1   Video-Based Occupancy Detection

3.2.2   PIR and Ultrasonic Occupancy Sensing

3.2.3   Microbolometer and Thermopile Sensing

3.2.4   NDIR-based CO2 Sensing Technologies

3.2.5    Resistance Temperature Detectors and Thermistors

3.3  Wired Controls

3.4  Wireless Controls

3.4.1   EnOcean

3.5  Communications Protocols

3.5.1   DALI

3.5.2   LonWorks

3.5.3   KNX

3.6  Interfacing with BMSs

3.6.1   BACnet

3.6.2   Modbus

3.7  IEEE 1451

3.8  Self-Calibrating Sensors

4. Key Industry Players                     

4.1  Selection of Innovators

4.1.1   Airtest Technologies

4.1.2   Enlighted

4.1.3   Esensors

4.1.4   Gas Sensing Solutions

4.1.5   Infrared Integrated Systems (Irisys)

4.1.6   Melexis

4.1.7   Nest Labs

4.1.8   Panasonic Electric Works

4.1.9   Thermokon Sensortechnik

4.1.10  ULIS

4.1.11  Weber Sensors

4.2  Selection of Building Automation Systems Vendors

4.2.1   Distech Controls

4.2.2   Honeywell

4.2.3   Ingersoll Rand (Trane)

4.2.4   Johnson Controls Inc.

4.2.5   Schneider Electric

4.2.6   Siemens Building Technologies

4.3  Selection of Lighting Control Vendors

4.3.1   Daintree Networks

4.3.2   Digital Lumens

4.3.3   Lutron

4.3.4   WattStopper/Legrand S.A.

4.4  Other Industry Participants

5. Market Forecasts               

5.1  Introduction

5.2  Data Collection and Forecast Overview

5.3  Forecast Methodology

5.3.1   Commercial Building Floor Space

5.3.2   Equipment Density

5.3.3   Equipment Installation and Network Rates

5.3.4   Average Selling Prices

5.4  Unit Shipment and Revenue Forecasts by Product Type

5.5  Unit Shipment and Revenue Forecasts by Geographic  Region

5.6  Unit Shipment and Revenue Forecasts by Building Type

5.7  Conclusions and Recommendations

6.   Company Directory
7.   Acronym and Abbreviation List
8.   Table of Contents
9.   Table of Charts and Figures
10.  Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Advanced Sensor Unit Shipments by Product Type, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Sensor Revenue by Product Type, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Sensor Unit Shipments by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Sensor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Sensor Revenue by Product Type, North America: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Sensor Unit Shipments by Product Type, North America: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Sensor Unit Shipments by Product Type, Europe: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Sensor Revenue by Product Type, Europe: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Sensor Unit Shipments by Product Type, Asia Pacific: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Sensor Revenue by Product Type, Asia Pacific: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Sensor Unit Shipments by Product Type, Latin America: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Sensor Revenue by Product Type, Latin America: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Sensor Unit Shipments by Product Type, Middle East & Africa: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Sensor Revenue by Product Type, Middle East & Africa: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Sensor Unit Shipments by Building Type, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Sensor Revenue by Building Type, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Ultra-Low Power CO2 Sensor Co-Developed by GSS and Schneider Electric
  • Nest Labs’ Learning Thermostat
  • Comparison of Site Energy Savings from Common Occupancy Sensors and Advanced Occupancy Sensors
  • Image Processing Occupancy Sensor

List of Tables

  • Airtest SWOT Analysis
  • Enlighted SWOT Analysis
  • Esensors SWOT Analysis
  • Gas Sensing Solutions SWOT Analysis
  • Irisys SWOT Analysis
  • Melexis SWOT Analysis
  • Nest Labs SWOT Analysis
  • PEW SWOT Analysis
  • Thermokon Sensortechnik SWOT Analysis
  • ULIS SWOT Analysis
  • Weber Sensors SWOT Analysis
  • Other Industry Participants
  • Advanced Sensor Unit Shipments by Product Type, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Sensor Revenue by Product Type, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Sensor Average Selling Prices by Product Type, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Sensor Unit Shipments by Product Type, North America: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Sensor Revenue by Product Type, North America: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Sensor Unit Shipments by Product Type, Europe: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Sensor Revenue by Product Type, Europe: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Sensor Unit Shipments by Product Type, Asia Pacific: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Sensor Revenue by Product Type, Asia Pacific: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Sensor Unit Shipments by Product Type, Latin America: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Sensor Revenue by Product Type, Latin America: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Sensor Unit Shipments by Product Type, Middle East & Africa: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Sensor Revenue by Product Type, Middle East & Africa: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Sensor Unit Shipments by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Sensor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Sensor Average Selling Prices by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Occupancy Sensor Unit Shipments by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Occupancy Sensor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Advanced CO2 Sensor Unit Shipments by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Advanced CO2 Sensor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Thermostat Unit Shipments by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Thermostat Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Photosensor Unit Shipments by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Photosensor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Sensor Unit Shipments by Building Type, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Sensor Revenue by Building Type, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Sensor Average Selling Prices by Building Type, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Occupancy Sensor Unit Shipments by Building Type, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Occupancy Sensor Revenue by Building Type, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Advanced CO2 Sensor Unit Shipments by Building Type, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Advanced CO2 Sensor Revenue by Building Type, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Thermostat Unit Shipments by Building Type, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Thermostat Revenue by Building Type, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Photosensor Unit Shipments by Building Type, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Advanced Photosensor Revenue by Building Type, World Markets: 2013-2020

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