Alternative Drive Vehicles for Military Applications

Hybrid, Plug-In, and Biofuel Vehicles for Tactical and Non-Tactical Military Markets

The U.S. military is the largest single consumer of energy and fossil fuels on the planet. Estimates place the total energy consumption of the Department of Defense to be on par with the state of Oregon and greater than two-thirds of all countries. To capture the economic, environmental, and strategic benefits offered by alternative fuels, the military is investing heavily in various types of alternative drive vehicles (ADVs), including hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs), and ethanol-powered vehicles, as well as vehicle-to-grid (V2G) technology.

Near-term strategies are focused on the adoption of microgrids, ADVs, and V2G technologies within the military’s non-tactical vehicle fleet. Navigant Research forecasts that military spending on ADVs for the non-tactical fleet will increase from over $435 million in 2013 to $926 million by 2020. A majority of the growth will be made through spending on HEVs and PEVs.

This Navigant Research report examines the market for alternative drive vehicles for both tactical and non-tactical military fleets. Market drivers and barriers are analyzed in detail, and key industry players are profiled. Market forecasts for vehicles and fuel consumption, along with fuel cost savings, extend through 2020.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • Which technologies are being harnessed right now to reduce current fossil fuel consumption by the military?
  • Which alternative drive technologies are likely to play a role in reducing front line tactical fuel consumption?
  • What impact will alternative drive vehicle adoption have on military fuel consumption and spending?
  • How will the military utilize vehicle-to-grid technologies?
  • What impact does the military market have on the greater alternative drive vehicle industry?
  • Who are the key players in the market for ADVs for military applications?
  • How much will the U.S. Department of Defense spend on ADV and V2G technology through the remainder of the decade?
Who needs this report?
  • Automotive OEMs
  • Defense contractors
  • Vehicle-to-grid technology developers
  • Fueling and charging infrastructure companies
  • Fuel suppliers
  • Military and other government agencies

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1   Introduction

1.2   Key Technologies

1.3   Market Forecasts

2. Market Drivers

2.1   Military Fossil Fuel Consumption

2.2   Transitioning to Peacetime

2.3   Tactical Fuel Use and Costs

2.4   The Tactical Ground Vehicle Fleet

2.4.1   Biofuels for Tactical Applications

2.4.2   Hybrids for Tactical Applications

2.5   The Non-Tactical Military Fleet

2.5.1   Infrastructure for Alternative Drive Vehicles

2.6   Vehicles Supporting Military Microgrids

2.6.1   Military Microgrids

2.6.2   Vehicle-to-Grid

2.6.3   Ancillary Services

2.7   Market Challenges

2.7.1   Sequestration

3. Key Industry Players

3.1   Tactical Suppliers

3.1.1   AM General

3.1.2   BAE Systems

3.1.3   Concurrent Technologies Corporation

3.1.4   General Dynamics Land Systems

3.1.5   Lockheed Martin

3.1.6   Oshkosh Corporation

3.1.7   Quantum Technologies

3.2   Non-Tactical Suppliers

3.2.1   Balqon Corporation

3.2.2   Chrysler

3.2.3   Electric Vehicles International

3.2.4   Ford

3.2.5   General Motors

3.2.6   Honda

3.2.7   Mitsubishi

3.2.8   Nissan

3.2.9   Polaris Defense

3.2.10  Smith Electric Vehicles

3.2.11  Toyota

3.3   Federal Agencies and Programs

3.3.1   Advanced Vehicle Power Technology Alliance

3.3.2   Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

3.3.3   General Services Administration

3.3.4   Marine Corps Expeditionary Energy Office

3.3.5   NAVFAC

3.3.6   Tank Automotive Research, Development and Engineering Center

4. Market Forecasts

4.1   Tactical Vehicles

4.2   Non-Tactical Vehicles

4.3   Vehicles Forecast

4.4   Fuels Forecast

4.5   Vehicle-to-Grid Forecast

4.6   Savings Forecast

4.7   Conclusions and Recommendations

5. Company Directory
6. Acronym and Abbreviation List
7. Table of Contents
8. Table of Charts and Figures
9. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Non-Tactical Vehicle Share by Alternative Drive Type, U.S. Department of Defense: 2011
  • Refueling Stations by Alternative Fuel Type, U.S. Department of Defense: 2012
  • Percentage of Total Non-Tactical Vehicle Parc and Fuel Consumption by Drivetrain, U.S. Department of Defense: 2011
  • Non-Tactical Vehicle Acquisitions by Alternative Drive Type, U.S. Department of Defense: 2013-2020
  • Non-Tactical Vehicle Parc by Alternative Drive Type, U.S. Department of Defense: 2013-2020
  • Non-Tactical Vehicle Spending by Alternative Drive Type, U.S. Department of Defense: 2013-2020
  • Non-Tactical Fleet Fuel Consumption by Fuel Type, U.S. Department of Defense: 2013-2020
  • Non-Tactical Fleet Fuel Spending by Fuel Type, U.S. Department of Defense: 2013-2020
  • Non-Tactical V2G-Enabled Vehicle Acquisitions, U.S. Department Of Defense: 2013-2020
  • Fleet Fuel Cost Savings on Behalf of AFV and V2G Acquisitions by Fuel Type, U.S. Department of Defense: 2013-2020
  • Cumulative Non-Tactical Vehicle Acquisitions by Alternative Drive Type, U.S. Department of Defense: 2013-2020
  • Energy Consumption by Military Branch
  • DOD Energy Consumption by Application, Peacetime vs. Contingency Operations
  • Impact of Budget Control Act Sequester on the Defense Budget: 2010-2020

List of Tables

  • United States Military Energy Goals
  • Defense Energy Programs and Organizations, United States
  • AESIS Summary of Energy Security Goals and Objectives
  • Non-Tactical Vehicle Parc by Alternative Drive Type, U.S. Department of Defense: 2009-2011
  • Non-Tactical Vehicle Acquisitions by Alternative Drive Type, U.S. Department of Defense: 2009-2011
  • Refueling Stations by Alternative Fuel Type, U.S. Department of Defense: 2012
  • Percentage of Total Non-Tactical Vehicle Parc and Fuel Consumption by Drivetrain, U.S. Department of Defense: 2011
  • Fuel Price by Fuel Type, United States: 2013-2020
  • Non-Tactical Vehicle Acquisitions by Alternative Drive Type, U.S. Department of Defense: 2013-2020
  • Cumulative Non-Tactical Vehicle Acquisitions by Alternative Drive Type, U.S. Department of Defense: 2013-2020
  • Non-Tactical Vehicle Parc by Alternative Drive Type, U.S. Department of Defense: 2013-2020
  • Non-Tactical Spending by Alternative Drive Type, U.S. Department of Defense: 2013-2020
  • Non-Tactical Fleet Fuel Consumption by Fuel Type, U.S. Department of Defense: 2013-2020
  • Non-Tactical Fleet Fuel Spending by Fuel Type, U.S. Department of Defense: 2013-2020
  • Non-Tactical V2G-Enabled Vehicle Acquisitions, U.S. Department Of Defense: 2013-2020
  • V2G Financial Impacts, U.S. Department of Defense: 2013-2020
  • Fleet Fuel Cost Savings on Behalf of AFV and V2G Acquisitions by Fuel Type, U.S. Department of Defense: 2013-2020

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