Automated Demand Response

OpenADR, Commercial & Industrial ADR, Residential ADR,
and DR Management Systems: Global Market Analysis and Forecasts

Demand response (DR) is becoming a growing part of the resource base that electric system operators rely on to maintain reliability on the grid. Market liberalization, economic pressures, and environmental regulations are all moving toward a path of fewer traditional central power plants and more distributed energy resources (DER) to address future energy needs. Advanced technologies can help speed this transition and make it more reliable. Automated demand response (ADR) describes a system that automates the DR dispatch process, from the grid operator to the DR aggregator (if involved) to the end-use customer – all without any manual intervention.

As coal and nuclear plants are retired, clean replacements are needed that can be built in short timeframes. Conversely, as large-scale intermittent renewable resources like wind and solar power fill in this gap, they require backup solutions when the wind is not blowing and the sun is not shining. Both of these situations call for flexible resources, and ADR has great promise to meet these needs. However, a certain segment of the customer population does not want to give up control of its energy usage. There could be security concerns, production concerns in the case of an industrial facility, or comfort concerns for commercial buildings or households. Still, ADR is a viable alternative in both the commercial and industrial (C&I) and residential sectors and can provide more reliable and faster responding DR as a bonus. Navigant Research forecasts that global spending on ADR will grow from $13 million in 2014 to more than $185 million in 2023.

This Navigant Research report examines the global ADR market with a focus on two key sectors: C&I and residential. The study provides an analysis of the market drivers and challenges, as well as the key technologies, related to ADR. Global market forecasts for ADR sites, capacity, and spending, segmented by sector and region, extend through 2023. The report also analyzes the competitive landscape of ADR to identify and highlight the strengths and challenges of key players in the market.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • What are the market drivers for the development and expansion of automated demand response (ADR)?
  • What challenges may inhibit the adoption of ADR?
  • What new technologies are enabling ADR to increase its penetration globally?
  • Who are the major competitors in the commercial and industrial (C&I) and residential ADR arenas?
  • How fast will ADR spending grow in various regions around the world?
Who needs this report?
  • Demand response and energy management systems vendors
  • Curtailment service providers (CSPs)
  • Smart thermostat vendors
  • Large commercial and industrial (C&I) energy users
  • Utilities
  • Independent system operators/regional transmission operators (ISO/RTOs)
  • Government agencies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Introduction to Automated Demand Response

1.2  Market Opportunities

1.3  Technology Evolution in the ADR Market

1.4  ADR Market Size and Forecast

2. Market Issues

2.1  Definition of Automated Demand Response

2.2  Market Drivers

2.2.1   Capacity/Emergency Programs

2.2.2   Ancillary Services Markets

2.2.3   Changing Generation Mix: Renewable Integration and Fossil/Nuclear Retirements

   2.2.3.1  California

   2.2.3.2  Hawaii

   2.2.3.3  Bonneville Power Administration

   2.2.3.4  International Opportunity

   2.2.3.5  Onsite Renewable Integration

   2.2.3.6  Fossil and Nuclear Plant Retirements

2.2.4   Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED)

2.3  Inhibiting Market Forces and Challenges

2.3.1   Unwillingness to Relinquish Control

2.3.2   Lack of Building Automation Systems

2.3.3   Costs

2.4  Global Market Adoption of ADR

2.4.1   United States

2.4.1.1  California

2.4.1.1.1.   California Title 24

2.4.1.2  New York

2.4.1.2.1.   New York City

2.4.1.3  Texas

2.4.2   Canada

2.4.3   United Kingdom

2.4.4   China

2.4.5   Japan

2.4.6   New Zealand

3. Technology Issues

3.1  Introduction

3.2  OpenADR

3.2.1   OpenADR 2.0

3.2.2   International Expansion

3.3  C&I ADR

3.3.1    Constellation’s VirtuWatt Link

3.4  Residential ADR

3.4.1   Thermostats

3.4.1.1  Bring Your Own Thermostat

3.4.2   Window AC Units

3.4.3   Grid-Interactive Electric Water Heating

3.5  DRMSs

3.5.1   DRMS for Wholesale Markets

4. Key Industry Players

4.1  Competitive Landscape

4.2  C&I and Residential ADR Vendors

4.2.1   Honeywell International

4.2.2   Siemens

4.3  C&I ADR Providers

4.3.1   Constellation Energy

4.3.2   Demansys Energy

4.3.3   ENBALA Power Networks

4.3.4   EnerNOC

4.3.5   Johnson Controls, Inc.

4.3.6   Powerit Solutions

4.3.7   REGEN Energy

4.3.8   Schneider Electric

4.4  DRMS Providers

4.4.1   ABB (Ventyx)

4.4.2   Alstom (Utility Integration Solutions)

4.4.3   AutoGrid

4.4.4   EcoFactor

4.4.5   GE Energy

4.4.6   Lockheed Martin

4.4.7   Open Access Technology International, Inc.

4.5  Other Industry Participants

5. Market Forecasts

5.1  Forecast Introduction

5.2  Assumptions Guiding this Forecast

5.2.1   A Note on Report Scope and Market Sizing

5.3  Global ADR Sites

5.4  Global ADR Capacity

5.5  Global ADR Spending

5.5.1   ADR Product and Services Spending

5.6  Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • ADR Spending by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • ADR Sites by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • C&I ADR Spending by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Share of ADR Sites by Region, World Markets: 2014
  • Share of ADR Sites by Region, World Markets: 2023
  • Compound Annual Growth Rate of ADR Sites by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • C&I ADR Sites by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Residential ADR Sites by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • ADR Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • C&I ADR Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Residential ADR Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Residential ADR Spending by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Duck Graph of Renewable Energy Integration: 2013-2020
  • OpenADR Members by Country

List of Tables

  • Honeywell SWOT Analysis
  • Siemens SWOT Analysis
  • Constellation SWOT Analysis
  • EnerNOC SWOT Analysis
  • Schneider Electric SWOT Analysis
  • ABB SWOT Analysis
  • Alstom SWOT Analysis
  • AutoGrid SWOT Analysis
  • Other Industry Participants
  • ADR Sites by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • C&I ADR Sites by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Residential ADR Sites by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • ADR Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • C&I ADR Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Residential ADR Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • ADR Spending by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • C&I ADR Spending by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Residential ADR Spending by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Share of ADR Sites by Region, World Markets: 2014 and 2023
  • Year-to-Year Growth of ADR Sites, World Markets: 2015-2023
  • Compound Annual Growth Rate of ADR Sites by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Year-to-Year Growth of ADR Spending, World Markets: 2015-2023

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