Automotive Cyber Security

Securing the Connected and Autonomous Mobility Ecosystem:
Global Market Analysis and Forecasts

The personal mobility ecosystem is expected to be transformed over the next several decades with the deployment of new automation and communications technologies. This evolution is occurring against the backdrop of well-publicized cyber-attacks in other industries, revelations about widespread government surveillance, and the ongoing threat of political terrorism. It is now more important than ever to design transportation systems and vehicles from the ground up with cyber security in mind.

Cyber-attacks against commercial entities such as financial institutions and retailers can be extremely costly and disruptive. However, in a worst-case scenario, a successful attack on the transportation system could result in death or serious injury, perhaps on a mass scale. Recent public demonstrations by security researchers have highlighted the potential dangers of cyber security vulnerabilities and incented the industry to act more aggressively to minimize the potential attack vectors and the impact of any attack. According to Navigant Research, nearly half of all global light duty vehicle (LDV) sales are expected to include telematics capabilities that will enable over-the-air (OTA) software updates to address cyber security, functionality, and regulatory compliance issues by the end of 2025.

This Navigant Research report examines the market landscape for automotive cyber security, including the risk factors and the technologies that could help reduce the risks and mitigate the effects of a cyber-attack. The study provides an in-depth analysis of the potential attack vectors, the impacts of a successful attack, and potential technical solutions and costs. Global market forecasts of LDVs, built-in telematics installations, vehicles capable of OTA updates, and installations of malware prevention are broken down by region and country and extend through 2025. The report also covers the major market drivers for improving automotive cyber security and provides profiles of the key market players.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • Who is at risk of a cyber-attack?
  • How can cyber-attacks on transportation systems be prevented?
  • How could a cyber-attack happen on vehicles?
  • What technical solutions can prevent cyber-attacks of the personal mobility ecosystem?
  • What would be the impact of a successful cyber-attack on transportation systems?
Who needs this report?
  • Automobile, truck, and bus OEMs
  • Fleet operators
  • Automotive electronics and embedded software suppliers
  • Cyber security providers
  • Insurance companies
  • Intelligent transportation system suppliers
  • Government regulators
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Market Overview

1.2  Technical Issues

1.3  Key Players

1.4  Market Forecasts

2. Market Issues

2.1  Introduction

2.2  Safety of Automated Vehicles

2.3  Privacy

2.4  Governmental Policies

2.5  Security of Shared Vehicles

2.6  Industry Collaboration

2.6.1   SAE J3061 Cybersecurity Guidebook for Cyber-Physical Automotive Systems

2.6.2   SAE J3101 Requirements for Hardware-Protected Security for Ground Vehicle Applications

2.7  Automotive-ISAC

2.8  Responsible Disclosure Programs

2.9  Cyber Security Insurance

3. Technology Issues

3.1  Introduction

3.2  Electronic Architecture

3.3  Sensor Fusion

3.4  Potential Attack Surfaces

3.4.1   Connected Vehicles

3.4.2   Disks, Flash Memory, Bluetooth, and USB

3.4.3   Aftermarket OBD-II Adapters

3.4.4   Remote Apps

3.5  Air-Gapping

3.6  Hardware Intrusion Detection

3.7  Vehicle Automation

3.8  In-Vehicle Networking

3.9  OTA Updates

3.10  The Automotive Cloud

4. Key Industry Players

4.1  Introduction

4.2  Light Duty OEMs

4.2.1   BMW

4.2.2   Daimler

4.2.3   FCA

4.2.4   Ford

4.2.5   GM

4.2.6   Honda

4.2.7   Hyundai Motor Group

4.2.8   Nissan

4.2.9   Tesla Motors

4.2.10  Toyota

4.2.11  Volkswagen Group

4.2.12  Volvo Car Group

4.3  Heavy Duty OEMs

4.3.1   Daimler Trucks

4.3.2   Navistar

4.3.3   Paccar

4.3.4   Scania AB

4.3.5   Volvo Group

4.4  OEM and Aftermarket Suppliers

4.4.1   Apple

4.4.2   Automatic Labs

4.4.3   Danlaw Inc.

4.4.4   Delphi

4.4.5   Denso

4.4.6   Harman

4.4.7   Intel

4.4.8   NVIDIA

4.4.9   NXP

4.4.10  Qualcomm

4.4.11  Robert Bosch GmbH

4.4.12  Savari Networks

4.4.13  Visteon

4.5  Security Providers

4.5.1   Argus CyberSecurity

4.5.2   Arilou Technologies

4.5.3   BAH

4.5.4   HackerOne

4.5.5   MobileComply

4.5.6   Redbend Software

4.5.7   TowerSec

4.6  Telematics and Communications Providers

4.6.1   AT&T

4.6.2   Deutsche Telekom

4.6.3   Mojio

4.6.4   Movimento Group

4.6.5   Sprint

4.6.6   Verizon

4.7  Security Researchers

4.7.1   Charlie Miller and Chris Valasek

4.7.2   Kristin Paget

4.7.3   Samy Kamkar

4.7.4   Silvio Cesare

4.7.5   Stefan Savage

4.7.6   Yoshi Kohno

5. Market Forecasts

5.1  Overview

5.2  Electronics Content

5.3  On-Vehicle Intrusion Prevention

5.4  OTA Updates

5.5  Exposure Costs

5.6  Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Acronym and Abbreviation List
7. Table of Contents
8. Table of Charts and Figures
9. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Annual Light Duty Vehicle Sales with Built-in Telematics by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Annual Light Duty Vehicle Sales, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Number of ECUs per Light Duty Vehicle, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Shares of ECUs per Light Duty Vehicle, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Vehicle Intrusion Detection Revenue, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Cumulative Light Duty Vehicles with Built-in OTA Update Capability, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Delphi Multi-Domain Controller Architecture
  • Sensor Fusion Generates a More Robust View of the Vehicle’s Surroundings
  • V2X Communications
  • Verizon Hum Aftermarket Telematics System
  • Road Debris
  • Cloud Services Will Be a Key Enabler of Future Mobility Solutions

List of Tables

  • Annual Light Duty Vehicle Sales by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Annual Light Duty Vehicle Sales with Built-in Telematics by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • ECUs per Light Duty Vehicle, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Shares of ECUs per Light Duty Vehicle, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Vehicle Intrusion Detection Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Cumulative Light Duty Vehicles with Built-in OTA Update Capability by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025 

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