Building Optimization and Commissioning Services

Initial Commissioning, Retrocommissioning, and Monitoring-Based Commissioning Services: Global Market Analysis and Forecasts

As energy efficiency continues to become the highest priority in construction and building operations, more complex equipment and solutions are emerging that promise reduced energy consumption, reduced waste, and better operation. Though greater levels of energy efficiency are enabled by more advanced solutions, efficiency is only achieved if these solutions operate properly. The complicated construction process of buildings as well as their maintenance and operations can lead actual performance to drift away from the intended design. Additionally, there are times when the original design may not have properly accounted for the real-world applications of the building.

Building optimization and commissioning services are a tool to ensure operational and energy efficiency. Initially originated in the United States and United Kingdom in the 1960s and 1970s as a quality assurance measure for new buildings, commissioning has experienced rapid growth through the promulgation of green building certification programs over the past decade. More recent policies and regulations requiring commissioning of new construction and existing buildings has further reinforced this growth. In turn, the savings building owners have achieved through the commissioning process has further driven demand for such services. According to Navigant Research, global revenue for building commissioning services is expected to grow from $2.7 billion in 2014 to $6.6 billion in 2024.

This Navigant Research report examines the global market for building optimization and commissioning services, including initial commissioning, retrocommissioning, and monitoring-based commissioning. The study explores the market drivers and barriers related to optimization and commissioning services in detail, along with global demand-side dynamics. Global market forecasts, segmented by service type, building type, and region, extend through 2024. The report also analyzes future technology trends in commissioning services and profiles the key industry players.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • How large is the building commissioning services market and how fast is it growing?
  • Who provides building optimization and commissioning services?
  • How is the competitive environment for commissioning services changing?
  • What regulation is affecting the building commissioning services market?
  • What are the benefits of commissioning to building owners and managers?
  • How will the adoption of monitoring-based commissioning change the commissioning services market?
Who needs this report?
  • Architecture/engineering/construction firms
  • Energy service companies (ESCOs)
  • Commissioning agents
  • Real estate companies
  • Building automation and controls vendors
  • Building owners and managers
  • Government agencies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary           

1.1  Introduction

1.2  Market Overview

1.3  Technology Trends

1.4  Forecast Outlook

2. Market Issues

2.1  Market Overview

2.2  Definitions of Building Optimization and Commissioning Services

2.2.1   Initial Commissioning

2.2.2   Retrocommissioning

2.2.3   Monitoring-Based Commissioning

2.2.4   Other Services in the Commissioning Market

   2.2.4.1  Recommissioning

   2.2.4.2  Commissioning Lite

2.3  Service Provider Ecosystem

2.3.1   Engineering Design Companies

2.3.2   Building Equipment OEMs

2.3.3   Construction Companies

2.3.4   IT Developers and Systems Integrators

2.4  Market Drivers

2.4.1   Green Building Design and Certification

   2.4.1.1  Commissioning in the LEED System

   2.4.1.2  Green Building Certification Regulations

   2.4.1.3  Measurement and Verification Requirements

   2.4.1.4  Other Green Building Certification Programs Worldwide

2.4.2   Building Energy Codes

2.4.3   Utility Demand-Side Management Programs

2.4.4   Increasing Awareness of Commissioning as an ECM

2.4.5   Energy Management Software and Systems

2.4.6   Perception of Rising Energy Costs

2.4.7   Corporate Sustainability Initiatives

2.4.8   Broadening Traditional Building Maintenance Business Models toward Real-Time Monitoring

2.5  Market Barriers

2.5.1   Lack of Familiarity with Commissioning

2.5.2   Lack of Qualified Service Providers

   2.5.2.1  Commissioning Agent Certification

      2.5.2.1.1.   ACG Certification

      2.5.2.1.2.   AEE

      2.5.2.1.3.   ASHRAE

      2.5.2.1.4.   BCA

      2.5.2.1.5.   National Environmental Balancing Bureau

      2.5.2.1.6.   International Certification Board and the Testing, Adjusting and Balancing Bureau

      2.5.2.1.7.   University of Wisconsin–Madison

2.5.3   Misaligned Incentives

2.5.4   Inconsistent Regulatory Environment

2.5.5   Cost

3. Global Demand-Side Dynamics 

3.1  Introduction

3.2  North America

3.2.1   United States

   3.2.1.1  Green Building Code Requirements

   3.2.1.2  Energy Service Company (ESCO) Market

   3.2.1.3  New York City’s Greater, Greener Buildings Plan

   3.2.1.4  Commercial Building Benchmarking Laws

   3.2.1.5  Executive Order 13423

   3.2.1.6  Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007

   3.2.1.7  Executive Order 13514

   3.2.1.8  Title 24 2013

3.2.2   Canada

   3.2.2.1  Natural Resources Canada Programs

   3.2.2.2  Canadian Standards Association: Standard Z320

   3.2.2.3  BC Hydro: Pulse Energy Commissioning Initiatives

3.3  Europe

3.3.1   EU

   3.3.1.1  EU Energy Performance of Buildings Directive

   3.3.1.2  EU Energy Efficiency Directive

   3.3.1.3  International Standards Organization 50001 Energy Management Standard

3.3.2   United Kingdom

   3.3.2.1  CIBSE

   3.3.2.2  U.K. Carbon Reduction Commitment Energy Efficiency Scheme

   3.3.2.3  Climate Change Act of 2008

   3.3.2.4  Green Deal

3.3.3   Germany

   3.3.3.1  Integrated Energy and Climate Program

   3.3.3.2  Energy Agencies

   3.3.3.3  Die Honorarordnung für Architekten und Ingenieure (Regulations on Architects’ and Engineers’ Fees)

   3.3.3.4  Energieoptimiertes Bauen (Energy-Optimized Construction)

3.3.4   France

   3.3.4.1  National Policies Supporting Building Commissioning

3.3.5   Rest of Europe

3.4  Asia Pacific

3.4.1   Japan

   3.4.1.1  Society of Heating, Air-Conditioning and Sanitary Engineers of Japan

   3.4.1.2  Building Services Commissioning Association

   3.4.1.3  CASBEE Green Building Certification Program

   3.4.1.4  Regulatory Issues

3.4.2   China

   3.4.2.1  Green Building Certification in China

   3.4.2.2  National Government and Chinese Five-Year Plans

3.4.3   Taiwan

3.4.4   Hong Kong

3.4.5   Australia

   3.4.5.1  Policy Issues

   3.4.5.2  Green Building in Australia

3.4.6   South Korea

3.5  Latin America

3.6  Middle East & Africa

4. Technology Issues

4.1  Overview

4.2  Benefits of Commissioning

4.2.1   Reduced Operating Expenses

4.2.2   Improved Effectiveness of Maintenance Staff

4.2.3   Occupant Comfort

4.2.4   Realization of Energy Efficiency

4.2.5   Average Energy Savings through Commissioning

4.2.6   Other Optimization and Commissioning Services Outcomes

4.3  Typical Commissioning Processes

4.3.1   Initial Commissioning versus Retrocommissioning

   4.3.1.1  Key Differences

   4.3.1.2  Ongoing Commissioning

4.3.2   Scope of Commissioning Services

   4.3.2.1  Heating

   4.3.2.2  Cooling

   4.3.2.3  Hot Water

   4.3.2.4  Controls

   4.3.2.5  Lighting

   4.3.2.6  Plumbing Systems

   4.3.2.7  Electrical Distribution Systems

   4.3.2.8  Renewable Energy Systems

   4.3.2.9  Building Envelope

   4.3.2.10  Whole Building Commissioning

4.3.3   Other Commissioning Service Functions

   4.3.3.1  Fault Detection and Diagnostics

   4.3.3.2  Commissioning Agent

4.3.4   Monitoring-Based Commissioning Software

4.4  Future Technology Trends in Commissioning Services

4.4.1   Cloud-Based Ongoing Commissioning

4.4.2   Implications for Commissioning Services Industry

4.4.3   Integration with Building Information Modeling

4.4.4   Remote Commissioning of Wireless Controls

5. Key Industry Players

5.1  Introduction

5.2  Engineering Design Companies

5.2.1   AECOM

5.2.2   Baumann Consulting

5.2.3   Grumman/Butkus Associates

5.2.4   Smith Seckman Reid, Inc.

5.3  Building Equipment OEMs

5.3.1   Emerson Climate Technologies

5.3.2   Johnson Controls, Inc.

5.3.3   Schneider Electric

5.3.4   Siemens

5.3.5   United Technologies Corp.

5.4  Real Estate Property Management Companies

5.4.1   A2 Services, Inc.

5.4.2   JLL

5.5  Construction Companies

5.5.1   Kitchell

5.6  Commissioning Companies

5.6.1   kW Engineering, Inc.

5.6.2   Building EnergetiCx, PLLC

5.6.3   CML International

5.7  Software Platform Providers

5.7.1   AtSite, Inc.

5.7.2   BuildingIQ

5.7.3   C3 Energy

5.7.4   Cimetrics

5.7.5   EnerNOC

5.7.6   Noesis Energy

5.7.7   Optimum Energy

5.7.8   Pacific Controls

5.7.9   SCIenergy

6. Market Forecasts  

6.1  Overview

6.2  Methodology

6.3  Scope

6.3.1   Office

6.3.2   Retail

6.3.3   Education

6.3.4   Healthcare

6.3.5   Other

   6.3.5.1  Hotels and Restaurants

   6.3.5.2  Institutional/Assembly

   6.3.5.3  Warehouse

   6.3.5.4  Transport

   6.3.5.5  Multi-Unit Residential

6.4  North America

6.5  Western Europe

6.6  Eastern Europe

6.7  Asia Pacific

6.8  Latin America

6.9  Middle East

6.10  Africa

6.11  World Markets

6.12  Conclusions and Recommendations

7. Company Directory
8. Acronym and Abbreviation List
9. Table of Contents
10. Table of Charts and Figures
11. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Commissioning Services Revenue by Service Type, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Drivers of Commissioning Demand
  • Annual LEED-Certified Space, World Markets: 2000-2014
  • Price of Residential Electricity, United States: 1999-2014
  • Commissioning Services Revenue by Service Type, North America: 2014-2024
  • Commissioning Services Revenue by Building Type, North America: 2014-2024
  • Commissioning Services Revenue by Service Type, Western Europe: 2014-2024
  • Commissioning Services Revenue by Building Type, Western Europe: 2014-2024
  • Commissioning Services Revenue by Service Type, Eastern Europe: 2014-2024
  • Commissioning Services Revenue by Building Type, Eastern Europe: 2014-2024
  • Commissioning Services Revenue by Service Type, Asia Pacific: 2014-2024
  • Commissioning Services Revenue by Building Type, Asia Pacific: 2014-2024
  • Commissioning Services Revenue by Service Type, Latin America: 2014-2024
  • Commissioning Services Revenue by Building Type, Latin America: 2014-2024
  • Commissioning Services Revenue by Service Type, Middle East: 2014-2024
  • Commissioning Services Revenue by Building Type, Middle East: 2014-2024
  • Commissioning Services Revenue by Service Type, Africa: 2014-2024
  • Commissioning Services Revenue by Building Type, Africa: 2014-2024
  • Commissioning Services Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Commissioning Services Revenue by Building Type, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Building Commissioning and Optimization Services Provider Ecosystem
  • Current Commercial Building Energy Code Adoption Status
  • Commissioning Agent Focused Design Review Scope
  • Retrocommissioning vs. Monitoring-Based Commissioning
  • Diagram of BIM Project Team Interaction

List of Tables

  • Price of Residential Electricity, United States: 1999-2014
  • Drivers of Commissioning Demand
  • Annual LEED-Certified Space, World Markets: 2000-2014
  • Commissioning Services Revenue by Service Type, North America: 2014-2024
  • Commissioning Services Revenue by Service Type, Western Europe: 2014-2024
  • Commissioning Services Revenue by Service Type, Eastern Europe: 2014-2024
  • Commissioning Services Revenue by Service Type, Asia Pacific: 2014-2024
  • Commissioning Services Revenue by Service Type, Latin America: 2014-2024
  • Commissioning Services Revenue by Service Type, Middle East: 2014-2024
  • Commissioning Services Revenue by Service Type, Africa: 2014-2024
  • Commissioning Services Revenue by Service Type, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Commissioning Services Revenue by Building Type, North America: 2014-2024
  • Commissioning Services Revenue by Building Type, Western Europe: 2014-2024
  • Commissioning Services Revenue by Building Type, Eastern Europe: 2014-2024
  • Commissioning Services Revenue by Building Type, Asia Pacific: 2014-2024
  • Commissioning Services Revenue by Building Type, Latin America: 2014-2024
  • Commissioning Services Revenue by Building Type, Middle East: 2014-2024
  • Commissioning Services Revenue by Building Type, Africa: 2014-2024
  • Commissioning Services Revenue by Building Type, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Commissioning Services Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Commissioning Criteria in LEED Certification Programs
  • Commissioning Criteria in LEED Certification Programs
  • Sample of Utility Rebate Programs in the United States
  • A Comparison between CALGreen, Title 24, LEED 2009, and LEED 2013
  • Summary of ASHRAE Publications on Building Commissioning
  • Typical Commissioning Processes

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