Communications Technologies for EV Charging Networks

RFID, Wi-Fi, ZigBee, Ethernet, Cellular, and AMI Equipment and Services:
Global Market Analysis and Forecasts

Charging stations for plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) are proliferating at an accelerating pace worldwide. While public charging networks have been available in North America and Europe for some time, efforts to provide PEV charging infrastructure in other regions of the world are just now gaining traction or even just getting underway. These public networks—unlike privately owned residential charging stations—require communications capabilities in order to ensure that consumers are given access to power and the ability to pay. Even in cases where the site offers free charging, the charging station must be able to communicate consumption data to the site owner or network operator.

Over the next decade, the growing base of PEVs and government efforts to encourage their spread will support millions of connected charging stations, not only at public sites but also for private fleets and even at residential and workplace sites. These latter sites will eventually become points in the so-called Internet of Energy. Connectivity will enable remote control of the charging point by owners, as well as potentially enable utility-driven demand response (DR) capabilities. This fully connected scenario, however, is many years away. According to Navigant Research, global communications equipment and services associated with EV charging networks is expected to generate revenue of just over $62.8 million in 2015 and grow to more than $709.7 million in 2024.

This Navigant Research report examines the outlook for PEV and electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) infrastructure and associated communications equipment and services. The study outlines regional considerations and describes the connectivity requirements for four segments of charging sites: residential, workplace, public, and private/fleet. Global market forecasts for communications equipment and services tied to EVSE infrastructure extend through 2024. The report also examines the major categories of communications technologies employed in EVSE networks, as well as the key vendors, service providers, and utilities active in the EVSE space.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • How do the connectivity requirements differ between various segments of charging station installations? 
  • How will the network needs of residential, workplace, public, and private/fleet charging stations evolve?
  • Which technologies and components are typically used in electric vehicle (EV) charging stations?
  • Where do utilities fit in EV supply equipment (EVSE) network deployments and how is that expected to change over the next decade?
  • How large will the market for EVSE communications equipment and services grow over the next decade?
  • Which technologies will dominate in this market and which are likely to lose steam?
  • How will innovations like the CEA-2045 plug-and-play module affect the evolution of EVSE networking?
Who needs this report?
  • Automotive manufacturers and suppliers
  • Communications technology vendors
  • Electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) manufacturers
  • EV charging equipment components and services companies
  • Utilities
  • Utility regulators
  • Government agencies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Communications for Electric Vehicle Charging: Overview

1.2  Key Findings and Market Trends

1.3  Market Outlook

2. Market Issues

2.1  Introduction to Communications for Plug-In Electric Vehicle Charging Networks

2.2  The State of PEV Markets

2.3  The State of PEV Charging Infrastructure Markets

2.3.1  EVSE Market Outlook

2.3.2  Regional Analysis

   2.3.2.1  North America

   2.3.2.2  Europe

   2.3.2.3  Asia Pacific

2.4  EVSE Installation Types and Connectivity

2.4.1  Residential Charging Types and Connectivity

2.4.2  Public Charging Networks and Connectivity

2.4.3  Workplace Charging Networks and Connectivity

2.4.4  Private Charging Networks and Connectivity

2.4.5  Utility Charging Networks and Connectivity

2.4.6  Aggregator Charging Networks and Connectivity

3. Technology Issues

3.1  Communications for Charging Networks

3.2  Typical Charging Network Configuration

3.2.1  Roaming Challenges

3.3  Communications Technologies

3.3.1  RFID

   3.3.1.1 RFID in EVSE

3.3.2  Wi-Fi

   3.3.2.1 Emerging Wi-Fi Standards

   3.3.2.2 Wi-Fi in Networks

3.3.3  ZigBee

3.3.3.1  ZigBee in EVSE Networks

3.3.4  Cellular

3.3.4.1  4G Cellular

3.3.4.2  Cellular in EVSE Networks

3.3.4.3  Cellular Alternatives for EVSE Networks

3.3.5  Ethernet

3.3.5.1  Ethernet in EVSE Networks

3.3.6  AMI Networks

3.3.6.1  AMI in EVSE Networks

3.4  Emerging EVSE Communications Interoperability Initiatives

3.4.1  OCPP

3.4.2  SAE J1850

3.4.3  Open Vehicle Grid Integration

3.4.4  International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) 61850

3.4.5  CEA-2045 Module

4. Key Industry Players

4.1  EV Charging Network and Communications Equipment Providers

4.1.1  AddÉnergie

4.1.2  Aeris Communications

4.1.3  CarCharging

4.1.4  ChargePoint

4.1.5  ClipperCreek

4.1.6  Digi International

4.1.7  Efacec Group

4.1.8  eVgo (NRG)

4.1.9  Greenlots

4.1.10   Itron

4.1.11   Liberty Access Technologies

4.1.12   Schneider Electric

4.1.13   Siemens

4.1.14   Silver Spring Networks

4.2  Utilities

4.2.1  Austin Energy

4.2.2  Enel

4.2.3  KCP&L

4.2.4  PG&E

4.2.5  SDG&E

4.2.6  SCE

4.3  Communications Service Providers

5. Market Forecasts  

5.1  Forecast Methodology and Assumptions

5.2  Global Market Outlook

5.3  Regional Forecasts

5.3.1  North America

5.3.2  Europe

5.3.3  Asia Pacific

5.3.4  Latin America and the Middle East & Africa

5.4  Conclusions and Recommendations

5.4.1  Recommendations for EVSE Vendors

5.4.2  Recommendations for Utilities

5.4.3  Recommendations for Communications Service Providers

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Annual Total Charging Station Communications Equipment and Services Revenue by Segment, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • PEVs in Use by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Installed EVSE Units by Segment, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Annual EVSE Unit Sales by Segment, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Annual EVSE Unit Sales by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Installed EVSE Units by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Annual EVSE Communications Hardware Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Annual Cellular Services Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Annual Total Charging Station Communications Equipment and Services Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Annual Total Charging Station Communications Equipment and Services Revenue by Category, North America: 2015-2024
  • Annual Total Charging Station Communications Equipment and Services Revenue by Category, Europe: 2015-2024
  • Annual Total Charging Station Communications Equipment and Services Revenue by Category, Asia Pacific: 2015-2024
  • Annual Total Charging Station Communications Equipment and Services Revenue by Category, Latin America: 2015-2024
  • Annual Total Charging Station Communications Equipment and Services Revenue by Category, Middle East & Africa: 2015-2024
  • Typical EVSE Charging Network Configuration
  • SEP 2.0 Interoperability Model for HANs
  • Typical AMI Network Architecture
  • Enel EMM Platform

List of Tables

  • Largest Mobile Carriers, World Markets: 2015
  • Installed Residential EVSE Units by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Installed Fleet LD EVSE Units by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Installed Fleet MHD EVSE Units by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • PEVs per Public Charging Station by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Installed Public EVSE Units by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Installed Workplace EVSE Units by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Total Installed EVSE Units by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Annual Residential EVSE Unit Sales by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Annual Fleet LD EVSE Unit Sales by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Annual EVSE Communications Hardware Revenue by Segment, Europe: 2015-2024
  • Annual Fleet MHD EVSE Unit Sales by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Annual Public EVSE Unit Sales by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Annual Workplace EVSE Unit Sales by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Annual EVSE Unit Sales by Segment, North America: 2015-2024
  • Percentage of EVSE Unit Sales by Segment, North America: 2015-2024
  • Installed EVSE Units by Segment, North America: 2015-2024
  • Percentage of EVSE Unit Sales with ZigBee Connectivity, North America: 2015-2024
  • Percentage of EVSE Unit Sales with Wi-Fi Connectivity, North America: 2015-2024
  • Percentage of EVSE Unit Sales with Cellular Connectivity, North America: 2015-2024
  • Percentage of EVSE Unit Sales with Ethernet Connectivity, North America: 2015-2024
  • Percentage of EVSE Unit Sales with RFID Connectivity, North America: 2015-2024
  • Percentage of EVSE Unit Sales with AMI Connectivity, North America: 2015-2024
  • Average Communications Hardware Cost per Charging Station by Segment, North America: 2015-2024
  • Annual EVSE Communications Hardware Revenue by Segment, North America: 2015-2024
  • Annual Cellular Services Revenue by Segment, North America: 2015-2024
  • Annual Total Charging Station Communications Equipment and Services Revenue by Segment, North America: 2015-2024
  • Annual EVSE Unit Sales by Segment, Europe: 2015-2024
  • Percentage of EVSE Unit Sales by Segment, Europe: 2015-2024
  • Installed EVSE Units by Segment, Europe: 2015-2024
  • Percentage of EVSE Unit Sales with ZigBee Connectivity, Europe: 2015-2024
  • Percentage of EVSE Unit Sales with Wi-Fi Connectivity, Europe: 2015-2024
  • Percentage of EVSE Unit Sales with Cellular Connectivity, Europe: 2015-2024
  • Percentage of EVSE Unit Sales with Ethernet Connectivity, Europe: 2015-2024
  • Percentage of EVSE Unit Sales with RFID Connectivity, Europe: 2015-2024
  • Percentage of EVSE Unit Sales with AMI Connectivity, Europe: 2015-2024
  • Average Communications Hardware Cost per Charging Station by Segment, Europe: 2015-2024
  • Average Communications Hardware Cost per Charging Station by Segment, Latin America: 2015-2024
  • Annual Cellular Services Revenue by Segment, Europe: 2015-2024
  • Annual Total Charging Station Communications Equipment and Services Revenue by Segment, Europe: 2015-2024
  • Annual EVSE Unit Sales by Segment, Asia Pacific: 2015-2024
  • Percentage of EVSE Unit Sales by Segment, Asia Pacific: 2015-2024
  • Installed EVSE Units by Segment, Asia Pacific: 2015-2024
  • Percentage of EVSE Unit Sales with ZigBee Connectivity, Asia Pacific: 2015-2024
  • Percentage of EVSE Unit Sales with Wi-Fi Connectivity, Asia Pacific: 2015-2024
  • Percentage of EVSE Unit Sales with Cellular Connectivity, Asia Pacific: 2015-2024
  • Percentage of EVSE Unit Sales with Ethernet Connectivity, Asia Pacific: 2015-2024
  • Percentage of EVSE Unit Sales with RFID Connectivity, Asia Pacific: 2015-2024
  • Percentage of EVSE Unit Sales with AMI Connectivity, Asia Pacific: 2015-2024
  • Average Communications Hardware Cost per Charging Station by Segment, Asia Pacific: 2015-2024
  • Annual EVSE Communications Hardware Revenue by Segment, Asia Pacific: 2015-2024
  • Annual Cellular Services Revenue by Segment, Asia Pacific: 2015-2024
  • Annual Total Charging Station Communications Equipment and Services Revenue by Segment, Asia Pacific: 2015-2024
  • Annual EVSE Unit Sales by Segment, Latin America: 2015-2024
  • Percentage of EVSE Unit Sales by Segment, Latin America: 2015-2024
  • Installed EVSE Units by Segment, Latin America: 2015-2024
  • Percentage of EVSE Unit Sales with ZigBee Connectivity, Latin America: 2015-2024
  • Percentage of EVSE Unit Sales with Wi-Fi Connectivity, Latin America: 2015-2024
  • Percentage of EVSE Unit Sales with Cellular Connectivity, Latin America: 2015-2024
  • Percentage of EVSE Unit Sales with Ethernet Connectivity, Latin America: 2015-2024
  • Percentage of EVSE Unit Sales with RFID Connectivity, Latin America: 2015-2024
  • Percentage of EVSE Unit Sales with AMI Connectivity, Latin America: 2015-2024
  • Annual EVSE Communications Hardware Revenue by Segment, Latin America: 2015-2024
  • Annual Cellular Services Revenue by Segment, Latin America: 2015-2024
  • Annual Total Charging Station Communications Equipment and Services Revenue by Segment, Latin America: 2015-2024
  • Annual EVSE Unit Sales by Segment, Middle East & Africa: 2015-2024
  • Percentage of EVSE Unit Sales by Segment, Middle East & Africa: 2015-2024
  • Installed EVSE Units by Segment, Middle East & Africa: 2015-2024
  • Percentage of EVSE Unit Sales with ZigBee Connectivity, Middle East & Africa: 2015-2024
  • Percentage of EVSE Unit Sales with Wi-Fi Connectivity, Middle East & Africa: 2015-202
  • Percentage of EVSE Unit Sales with Cellular Connectivity, Middle East & Africa: 2015-2024
  • Percentage of EVSE Unit Sales with Ethernet Connectivity, Middle East & Africa: 2015-2024
  • Percentage of EVSE Unit Sales with RFID Connectivity, Middle East & Africa: 2015-2024
  • Percentage of EVSE Unit Sales with AMI Connectivity, Middle East & Africa: 2015-2024
  • Average Communications Hardware Cost per Charging Station by Segment, Middle East & Africa: 2015-2024
  • Annual EVSE Communications Hardware Revenue by Segment, Middle East & Africa: 2015-2024
  • Annual Cellular Services Revenue by Segment, Middle East & Africa: 2015-2024
  • Annual Total Charging Station Communications Equipment and Services Revenue by Segment, Middle East & Africa: 2015-2024
  • Annual EVSE Unit Sales by Segment, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Percentage of EVSE Unit Sales by Segment, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Installed EVSE Units by Segment, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Annual EVSE Communications Hardware Revenue by Segment, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Annual Cellular Services Revenue by Segment, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Annual Total Charging Station Communications Equipment and Services Revenue by Segment, World Markets: 2015-2024

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