DC Charging Map for the United States

DC Fast Charging Infrastructure Requirements

The direct current (DC) fast charging market in the United States is poised to shift into a new phase. Automakers are beginning to offer battery electric vehicles (BEVs) with significantly longer range at lower prices than available today. Over the next 10 years, the BEV population in the United States is expected to grow rapidly, with long-range BEVs becoming an increasingly large percentage of total BEVs in use. Drivers of these long-range BEVs are expected to boost demand for DC fast charging at much higher power levels than the 24 kW and 50 kW fast chargers common today.

Automakers and charging equipment companies, as well as some utilities and government agencies, have begun developing plans to deploy networks of high power DC fast chargers throughout the United States. Stakeholders will need to consider how to optimize their significant investments by placing stations where demand is most likely to occur due to the presence of large BEV populations and frequently traveled highways and interstates. Navigant Research’s analysis shows that 95 stations would be sufficient to provide basic long distance travel for BEVs along the East and West Coasts and across the country. Coverage for BEVs in the top 100 metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) by population in the United States could be achieved with 408 stations.

This Navigant Research report provides a benchmark for stakeholders as they plan to build a DC fast charging network across the United States. Using publicly available census and travel data and customized BEV forecasts, Navigant Research has developed a set of maps showing where to place DC charging stations in a staged rollout. The report also features maps of proposed low power DC charging deployments designed to meet the needs of drivers within the major MSAs of the United States.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • Why will direct current (DC) fast charging needs in the United States shift to higher power chargers?
  • How many DC fast charging stations would be needed to allow long distance travel in the United States?
  • What is the minimum number of fast charging stations needed to provide basic coverage for travel?
  • How many stations would be needed for the top 100 U.S. metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs)?
  • How many low power DC fast charging stations would be needed for battery electric vehicle (BEV) drivers?
Who needs this report?
  • Automotive manufacturers and suppliers
  • Electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) manufacturers and service providers
  • Charging equipment component suppliers and other ancillary suppliers
  • Utilities
  • Industry associations
  • Government agencies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Market Overview

1.2  Scope

1.3  DC Charging Station Needs for the United States

2. The Need for DC Fast Charging

2.1  Introduction

2.2  Electric Vehicle Charging Stations

2.3  The Need for DC Charging

2.4  Will DC Charging Help Drive BEV Demand?

2.5  Growth of the BEV Population in the United States

2.6  DC Charging in the United States as of 2016

3. DC Charging Rollout Scenarios

3.1  The Need for Consensus on a DC Charging Roadmap

3.1.1     Connector DC Fast Charger Classification

3.2  DC Charging Maps

3.2.1     Connector Station Mapping

3.2.1.1  Connector Station Maps by Scenario

3.2.2     Market Station Mapping

3.3  Additional Notes on Methodology

3.3.1     Methodology for Connector Charging Stations

3.3.2     Methodology for Market Charging Stations

3.4  Conclusions

4. Acronym and Abbreviation List

5. Table of Contents

6. Table of Charts and Figures

7. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

7.1  Methodology

7.1.1     Notes Specific to This Report Methodology

7.2  Sources

List of Charts and Figures

  • Primary Drawback to PEV Ownership, Electric Vehicle Consumer Survey, United States: 2015
  • Primary Drawback to PEV Purchase by PEV Respondent vs. Other Respondents, Electric Vehicle Consumer Survey, United States: 2015
  • BEVs in Use by Top 13 MSAs, United States: 2016 and 2024
  • BEV Market Share by Top 13 MSAs, United States: 2016 and 2024
  • Decay Rate of Vehicle Miles Traveled
  • DC Charging Stations for Long Distance BEV Demand, Top 100 MSAs (Phase III)
  • DC Chargers (Excluding Tesla Superchargers), United States: 2016
  • BEVs in Use by MSA, with DC Charging Station Availability, United States: 2016
  • BEVs in Use by MSA, with 2016 DC Charging Station Availability, United States: 2024
  • Phase I Connector Stations, Scenario A
  • Phase I Connector Stations, Scenario B
  • Phase II Connector Stations, Scenario A
  • Phase II Connector Stations, Scenario B
  • Phase III Connector Stations, Scenario A
  • Phase III Connector Stations, Scenario B
  • Phase IV Connector Stations, Scenario A
  • Phase IV Connector Stations, Scenario B
  • Phase I Market Stations
  • Phase II Market Stations
  • Phase III Market Stations
  • Phase IV Market Stations
  • All Market and Long Distance (Scenario A) Connector Stations
  • All Market and Short-Distance (Scenario B) Connector Stations

List of Tables

  • Primary Drawback to PEV Ownership, Electric Vehicle Consumer Survey, United States: 2015
  • Primary Drawback to PEV Purchase by PEV Respondents vs. Other Respondents, Electric Vehicle Consumer Survey, United States: 2015
  • Annual Light Duty BEV Sales, United States:  2015-2024
  • Annual Light Duty BEV Sales by MSA, United States: 2015-2024
  • Total Light Duty BEVs in Use, United States: 2015-2024
  • Light Duty BEVs in Use by MSA, United States: 2015-2024
  • Annual New Connector Stations by Phase, United States
  • Annual New Market Stations by Phase, United States
  • Phase IV Connector and Market Stations by Region, United States
  • Charging Station Types
  • Types of DC Fast Charging Stations
  • DC Fast Charging Rollout Scenarios
  • DC Fast Charging Rollout Phases
  • Annual New Connector Stations by Phase, United States
  • Annual New Market Stations by Phase, United States
  • Data Sources for Mapping Analysis

Report Details

  • Pages: 44
  • Tables, Charts,
    Figures:
    39
  • Release Date: 2Q 2016
  • Release File(s): PDF* and Excel *Indicates primary report file.

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