Demand Response Enabling Technologies

Metering, Communications, and Controls Equipment:
Global Market Analysis and Forecasts

Demand response (DR) is becoming a growing part of the resource base that electric system operators rely on to maintain reliability on the grid. Market liberalization, economic pressures, and environmental regulations are all moving toward a path of fewer traditional central power plants and more distributed energy resources (DER) to address future energy needs. Advanced technologies can help speed this transition and make it more reliable along the way. For example, automated demand response (ADR) systems automate the DR dispatch process, from the grid operator to the DR aggregator (if involved) to the end-use customer.

A number of drivers point toward increased DR adoption in North America and other regions of the world. The changing resource mix in electric grids globally is creating more potential for DR to play a pivotal role. New market types, like ancillary services such as reserves and regulation, are opening up to DR. The concepts of resiliency and microgrids have taken strong root along the Atlantic Coast following Hurricane in 2012, and DR will be an integral part of those developments. The advent of grid modernization is also tied to this new view on how the grid should be designed. According to Navigant Research, global DR spending is expected to grow from $183.8 million in 2015 to more than $1.3 billion in 2024.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the global DR market, with a focus on three main categories of DR enabling technologies: metering, communications, and controls. The study provides an analysis of the market issues, including drivers and challenges, associated with DR enabling technologies. Global market forecasts for DR sites and spending, segmented by application (residential and commercial and industrial, or C&I), type, and region, extend through 2024. The report also examines DR adoption trends by country and provides profiles of key residential and C&I DR providers.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • What are the market drivers incentivizing demand response (DR) to expand in the United States and abroad?
  • What factors may inhibit DR expansion?
  • What new technologies are encouraging the uptake of DR enabling technologies in global markets?
  • Who are the major competitors in the residential and commercial and industrial (C&I) DR arenas?
  • How quickly will DR sites and spending grow in various regions around the world?
Who needs this report?
  • Building energy management system (BEMS) vendors
  • Demand response management system (DRMS) vendors
  • Curtailment service providers (CSPs)
  • Smart thermostat vendors
  • Utilities
  • ISOs/RTOs
  • Government energy agencies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary                

1.1  Introduction to Demand Response

1.2  DR Market Drivers and Barriers

1.3  Technology Evolution in the DR Market

1.4  DR Market Size and Forecast

2. Market Issues     

2.1  History and Evolutionary Path of Demand Response

2.2  Market Drivers

2.2.1   Changing Generation Mix: Renewables Integration and Fossil/Nuclear Retirements  California  Hawaii  International Opportunity  Onsite Renewables Integration  Fossil and Nuclear Plant Retirements

2.2.2   Ancillary Services Markets

2.2.3   Capacity/Emergency Programs

2.2.4   Grid Resiliency

2.2.5   Grid Modernization  NYPSC’s Reforming the Energy Vision

2.2.6   Dynamic Pricing

2.2.7   Demand Management

2.2.8   Emissions Savings  The EPA’s Clean Power Plan  EU

2.2.9   Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design

2.2.10   California Title 24

2.2.11   Electric Vehicles  Other Regions

2.2.12   Connected Appliances and Transactive Energy

2.3  Inhibiting Market Forces and Challenges

2.3.1   Unwillingness to Relinquish Control

2.3.2   Lack of Building Automation Systems

2.3.3   Costs

2.3.4   Winter Events

2.3.5   FERC Order 745 Court Case

3. Global Market Adoption of DR    

3.1  Overview

3.2  United States

3.2.1   California  ADR

3.2.2   New York

3.2.3   Texas

3.3  Canada

3.4  United Kingdom

3.5  China

3.6  Japan

3.7  South Korea

3.7.1   KEPCO

3.7.2   Korean Power Exchange

3.8  Australia and New Zealand

3.8.1   TransGrid

3.8.2    Ergon Energy

4. Technology Issues

4.1  Introduction

4.2  Metering

4.2.1   Sensors

4.3  Communications

4.3.1   ZigBee

4.3.2   AMI versus Broadband

4.3.3   Other Communications Protocols  Modbus  BACnet  LonWorks

4.3.4   OpenADR  OpenADR 2.0

4.4  Controls

4.4.1   PLCs

4.4.2   Load Controllers

4.5  C&I DR Technology

4.5.1   Constellation’s VirtuWatt Link

4.6  Residential DR Technology

4.6.1   Thermostats  Bring Your Own Thermostat

4.6.2   Window AC Units

4.6.3   Grid-Interactive Electric Water Heating

4.7  DRMSs

4.7.1   DRMS for Wholesale Markets

5. Key Industry Players 

5.1  Competitive Landscape

5.2  C&I and Residential DR Vendors

5.2.1   Honeywell International

5.2.2   Schneider Electric

5.2.3   Siemens

5.3  C&I DR Providers

5.3.1   Major National and International C&I DR Providers  CPower  EnerNOC  Johnson Controls, Inc.

5.3.2   Smaller and Regional C&I DR Technology Providers  BOSS Controls  BuildingIQ  Demansys Energy  Direct Energy  ENBALA Power Networks  Energy Curtailment Specialists  Innovari  IPKeys  KiWi Power  Powerit Solutions  REGEN Energy  SmartCloud

5.4  Residential DR Providers

5.4.1   Established Residential DR Vendors  Comverge  Eaton

5.4.2   Up-and-Coming Residential DR Players  EcoFactor  Energate  EnergyHub  Landis+Gyr  Nest Labs  Silver Spring Networks

5.5  DRMS Providers

5.5.1   Leading DRMS Providers  ABB (Ventyx)  Alstom (Utility Integration Solutions)

5.5.2   Other DRMS Providers  AutoGrid  GE Energy  Lockheed Martin  Open Access Technology International, Inc.

6. Market Forecasts  

6.1  Forecast Introduction

6.2  Assumptions Guiding this Forecast

6.2.1   A Note on Report Scope and Market Sizing

6.3  Global DR Sites

6.4  Global DR Spending

6.4.1   C&I DR Spending

6.4.2   Residential DR Spending

6.4.3   DR Product and Services Spending

6.5  Conclusions and Recommendations

7. Company Directory
8. Acronym and Abbreviation List
9. Table of Contents
10. Table of Charts and Figures
11. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Smart Grid IT Spending by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • DR Spending by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DR Sites by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • C&I DR Sites by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Residential DR Sites by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Residential DR Sites by Type, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Share of DR Spending by Region, World Markets: 2015
  • Share of DR Spending by Region, World Markets: 2024
  • CAGR of DR Spending by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • C&I DR Spending by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Residential DR Spending by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Duck Graph of Renewable Energy Integration: 2013-2020
  • Observed Outages to the Bulk Electric System, United States: 1991-2012
  • Billion-Dollar Weather- and Climate-Related Disasters, United States: 2000-2012
  • Risk/Reward Profile of Dynamic Pricing Options
  • Direct Emission Reductions from Peak Load Reduction: 25% Backup Generation Cases
  • Stages of Adoption of Transactive Operations for Industry
  • Honeywell Interval Data Recorder
  • Paging Communications Flow
  • Transition to Smarter Two-Way Communications
  • OpenADR Client/Server Model
  • OpenADR Members by Country
  • PLC System Diagram
  • C&I ADR Process Flow
  • DRMS Overview

List of Tables     

  • DR Sites by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • C&I DR Sites by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Residential DR Sites by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Residential DR Sites by Type, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • DR Spending by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • C&I DR Spending by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Residential DR Spending by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Share of DR Spending by Region, World Markets: 2015 and 2024
  • Year-to-Year Growth of DR Spending, World Markets: 2016-2024
  • CAGR of DR Spending by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Honeywell SWOT Analysis
  • Schneider Electric SWOT Analysis
  • Siemens SWOT Analysis
  • CPower SWOT Analysis
  • EnerNOC SWOT Analysis
  • Comverge SWOT Analysis
  • ABB SWOT Analysis
  • Alstom SWOT Analysis

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