Distributed Generation and Energy Storage in Telecom Networks

Generator Sets, Fuel Cells, Solar PV, Lithium Ion Batteries, and Lead-Acid Batteries for Continuous and Standby Power: Global Market Analysis and Forecasts

As the telecommunications network has grown, increased its density, and expanded to the edges of the globe, it has also become a major consumer of power—almost all of which is in the form of electricity. Distributed generation (DG) is one key tool that network providers can now use to reduce their energy costs. By producing their own electricity at the site, network owners and operators can often avoid high retail electricity rates and insulate their operations from grid unreliability. Additionally, they can power sites that previously could not be connected to the grid or could not rely on the grid for their power through the use of DG systems and backup storage systems.

The market for energy storage (ES) solutions for telecom infrastructure sites is also growing. Wireless providers—and subscribers—today have little tolerance for power outages that interrupt service. Most mobile tower sites have old-school lead-acid battery-based backup systems, but increasingly, new technologies such as lithium ion (Li-ion)-based systems are being installed. In developing markets—especially Africa and parts of Asia Pacific—the number of off-grid (or bad grid) mobile tower sites is growing markedly. Here is where DG or microgrids combined with ES solutions will increasingly power telecommunications infrastructure. According to Navigant Research, global telecommunications network provider spending on DG and ES purchases is expected to grow from $2.4 billion in 2015 to $3.4 billion in 2024.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the global market for DG and ES technologies in the telecommunications industry. These technologies include reciprocating gensets (both diesel and natural gas), fuel cells, solar PV, battery-based uninterruptable power supply (UPS) systems, and complete microgrid-nanogrid solutions. Global market forecasts for capacity and revenue, segmented by technology and region, extend through 2024. The report also examines the key market issues related to DG and ES technologies, as well as the competitive landscape.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • What are the key technologies providing electricity to the telecommunications industry today?
  • How do these power service technologies differ between grid-tied and off-grid tower sites?
  • How will the mix of distributed generation (DG) change over the next 10 years?
  • What are the trends in terms of preferred options for energy storage (ES)?
  • How do changes in wireless network technology affect power supply requirements and corresponding technology configurations?
  • Which companies are leaders in power provision to the telecom industry?
Who needs this report?
  • Telecom tower owners and construction firms
  • Telecom infrastructure, microgrid, and nanogrid systems integrators
  • Mobile network operators
  • Diesel and natural gas generator OEMs
  • Solar PV OEMs
  • Fuel cell OEMs
  • Advanced battery OEMs
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary                

1.1  Introduction

1.2  Market Outlook

2. Market Issues      

2.1  Introduction

2.2  Telecom Network Segmentation

2.2.1  Wireless Mobile Networks

   2.2.1.1  Cell Sites and Tower Sites

   2.2.1.2  Central Office

   2.2.1.3  Antennas and Repeaters

2.2.2  Wireline and Fiber Optic Networks

2.2.3  Cable Television Networks

2.3  Telecom Network Growth and Infrastructure Buildout

2.3.1  From Wireline to Wireless

2.3.2  LTE/4G Buildout Progress

2.3.3  5G Forecast

2.4  Other Market Issues

2.4.1  Bottom of the Pyramid Opportunities

2.4.2  The Impact of Telecom on Remote Nanogrid Business Models

2.5  Global Energy Requirements for Telecom Network Buildout by Region

2.5.1  North America

2.5.2  Europe

2.5.3  Asia Pacific

2.5.4  Latin America

2.5.5  Middle East & Africa

3. Technology Issues

3.1  DG Technologies

3.1.1  Diesel and Natural Gas Generator Sets

3.2  Diesel Price/Solar PV Tradeoffs

3.2.1  Fuel Cells

3.2.2  Solar PV

3.3  ES Technologies

3.3.1  UPS Systems

3.3.2  Lead-Acid Batteries

3.3.3  Li-ion Batteries

3.3.4  Other Battery Systems

4. Key Industry Players    

4.1  Major Energy Technology Providers for Telecom Networks

4.1.1  Bloom Energy

4.1.2  Cummins

4.1.3  LG Chem

4.1.4  Saft

4.1.5  Samsung SDI

4.1.6  Trojan Battery

4.2  Telecom Energy Systems Integrators

4.2.1  Flexenclosure

4.2.2  NEC Energy Solutions

4.2.3  Urban Green Energy

4.3  Telecom MNOs

4.4  Major Telecommunications Tower System Operators

5. Market Forecasts  

5.1  Introduction

5.2  Diesel and Natural Gas Gensets for Telecom

5.3  Fuel Cells for Telecom

5.4  Solar PV for Telecom Networks

5.5  Li-Ion Batteries for Telecom

5.6  Lead-Acid Batteries for Telecom

5.7  Other Batteries in Telecom Network Infrastructure

5.8  Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Cumulative DG and ES System Power Capacity and Revenue for Telecom Networks by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Backup Power Systems at Mobile Tower Sites by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Off-Grid and Bad Grid Mobile Sites by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Wireless Subscribers by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Mobile Data Transmission by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 4G Infrastructure Capital Expenditure, All Equipment, by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 5G Capital Expenditure, All Equipment, by Region: 2015-2024
  • Electricity Consumption and Cost for Electricity, North America: 2015-2024
  • Electricity Consumption and Cost for Electricity, Europe: 2015-2024
  • Electricity Consumption and Cost for Electricity, Asia Pacific: 2015-2024
  • Electricity Consumption and Cost for Electricity, Latin America: 2015-2024
  • Electricity Consumption and Cost for Electricity, Middle East & Africa: 2015-2024
  • Diesel and Natural Gas Genset Installations and Power Capacity for Telecom Networks, World Markets: 2015
  • Fuel Cell System Installations and Power Capacity for Telecom Networks, World Markets: 2015
  • PV System Installations and Power Capacity for Telecom Networks, World Markets: 2015
  • UPS System Installation and Power Capacity for Telecom Networks, World Markets: 2015
  • Lead-Acid UPS System Installations and Power Capacity for Telecom Networks, World Markets: 2015
  • Li-ion UPS System Installations and Power Capacity for Telecom Networks, World Markets: 2015
  • Other Battery UPS System Installations and Power Capacity for Telecom Networks, World Markets: 2015
  • Diesel Genset Power Capacity and Revenue for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Natural Gas Genset Power Capacity and Revenue for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Fuel Cell System Power Capacity and Revenue for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Solar PV Module Power Capacity and Revenue for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Li-Ion Battery Energy Capacity and Revenue for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Lead-Acid Battery Energy Capacity and Revenue for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Other Batteries Energy Capacity and Revenue for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Link between Solar PV Cost Declines and the Rise in Mobile Phone Usage
  • Solar PV vs. Diesel Fuel Prices: 2001-2013
  • Cost Trends for Major Battery Chemistries for Utility Applications: 2014-2020

List of Tables     

  • Distributed Generation and Energy Storage Systems Revenue for Telecom Networks, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Non-UPS Distributed Generation and Energy Storage Systems Revenue for Telecom Networks, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Mobile Tower Sites by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Backup Power Systems at Mobile Tower Sites by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Off-Grid and Bad Grid Mobile Sites by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Off-Grid Mobile Tower Sites by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Bad Grid Mobile Tower Sites by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • New Installations of Backup Power Systems at Mobile Tower Sites by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • New Installations of Off-Grid and Bad Grid Mobile Tower Sites by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • New Installations of Off-Grid Mobile Tower Sites by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • New Installations of Bad Grid Mobile Tower Sites by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Wireless Subscribers by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Mobile Data Transmission by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 4G Infrastructure Capital Expenditure, All Equipment, by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • 5G R&D and Infrastructure Capital Expenditure Energy Requirements by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Electricity Consumption and Cost for Electricity, North America: 2015-2024
  • Electricity Consumption and Cost for Electricity, Europe: 2015-2024
  • Electricity Consumption and Cost for Electricity, Asia Pacific: 2015-2024
  • Electricity Consumption and Cost for Electricity, Latin America: 2015-2024
  • Electricity Consumption and Cost for Electricity, Middle East & Africa: 2015-2024
  • Diesel and Natural Gas Genset Installations and Power Capacity for Telecom Networks, World Markets: 2015
  • Diesel Genset Installations and Power Capacity for Telecom Networks, World Markets: 2015
  • Natural Gas Genset Installations and Power Capacity for Telecom Networks, World Markets: 2015
  • Fuel Cell System Installations and Power Capacity for Telecom Networks, World Markets: 2015
  • PV System Installations and Power Capacity for Telecom Networks, World Markets: 2015
  • UPS System Installation and Power Capacity for Telecom Networks, World Markets: 2015
  • Lead-Acid UPS System Installations and Power Capacity for Telecom Networks, World Markets: 2015
  • Lead-Acid UPS System Installations and Energy Capacity for Telecom Networks, World Markets: 2015
  • Li-ion UPS System Installations and Power Capacity for Telecom Networks, World Markets: 2015
  • Li-ion UPS System Installations and Energy Capacity for Telecom Networks, World Markets: 2015
  • Other Battery UPS System Installations and Power Capacity for Telecom Networks, World Markets: 2015
  • Other Battery UPS System Installations and Energy Capacity for Telecom Networks, World Markets: 2015
  • Cumulative DG and ES System Power Capacity and Revenue for Telecom Networks by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Diesel Genset Power Capacity and Revenue for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Natural Gas Genset Power Capacity and Revenue for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Diesel and Natural Gas Genset Power Capacity and Revenue for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Fuel Cell System Power Capacity and Revenue for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Solar PV Module Power Capacity and Revenue for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Li-Ion Battery Energy Capacity and Revenue for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Lead-Acid Battery Energy Capacity and Revenue for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Other Batteries Energy Capacity and Revenue for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • New Power Capacity of UPS Systems for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • New Power Capacity of UPS Batteries for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • New Power Capacity of UPS Lead-Acid Batteries for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • New Power Capacity of UPS Li-Ion Batteries for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • New Power Capacity of UPS Other Batteries for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • New Power Capacity of Reciprocating and Fuel Cell Generators for UPS Systems for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • New Power Capacity of Diesel Gensets for UPS Systems for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • New Power Capacity of Natural Gas Gensets for UPS Systems for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • New Power Capacity of Fuel Cell Generators for UPS Systems for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • New Power Capacity of PV Systems for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • UPS System Shipments for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • UPS Battery Shipments for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • UPS Lead-Acid Battery Shipments for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • UPS Li-Ion Battery Shipments for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • UPS Other Battery Shipments for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • UPS Reciprocating and Fuel Cell Generators Shipments for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • UPS Diesel Genset Shipments for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • UPS Natural Gas Genset Shipments for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • UPS Fuel Cell Generator Shipments for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • UPS System Revenue for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • UPS Battery Revenue for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • UPS Lead-Acid Battery Revenue for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • UPS Li-Ion Battery Revenue for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • UPS Other Batteries Revenue for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • UPS Reciprocating and Fuel Cell Generators Revenue for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • UPS Diesel Genset Revenue for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • UPS Natural Gas Genset Revenue for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • UPS Fuel Cell Generator Revenue for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • New UPS Battery Energy Capacity for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • New UPS Lead-Acid Battery Energy Capacity for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • New UPS Li-Ion Battery Energy Capacity for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • New UPS Other Batteries Energy Capacity for Telecom Network Infrastructure by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Next-Generation Equipment Power Reduction Expectations, World Markets: 2010 and 2020
  • Cost Comparison for Three Battery Technologies: 2015, 2020, and 2024
  • LG Chem SWOT Analysis
  • Samsung SDI SWOT Analysis
  • NEC Energy Solutions SWOT Analysis
  • 15 Largest Global Wireless Service Providers
  • Major Global Tower Management Companies

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