Electric Motorcycles and Scooters

Electric Power Two-Wheelers: Market Drivers and Barriers,
Technology Issues, Key Industry Players, and Global Demand Forecasts

Coming out of a tough economic period, the power two-wheeler (PTW) vehicle industry, which includes electric motorcycles (e-motorcycles) and electric scooters (e-scooters), has been growing slowly over the last couple of years. In the near term, sales volumes are likely to be low due to continued high costs for components and low levels of demand. Yet, the market seems poised for growth in many regions later this decade as consumer markets continue to increase, new competitors enter, and suppliers increase capabilities.

The electric PTW (e-PTW) market is led by China, where the majority of the world’s e-motorcycles and e-scooters are sold. However, since policies and demand in China indicate reduced sales in that country, the e-motorcycle and e-scooter markets are growing in other regions. Consumers are seeking refuge from higher gasoline prices, e-PTW vehicles are growing more mature, and cities are becoming increasingly congested with traffic. Overall, though, the market for e-PTWs continues to face numerous challenges, including high costs, limited vehicle availability, poor product performance, and a financial shakedown. Navigant Research forecasts that global annual sales of e-motorcycles will grow from 1.2 million vehicles in 2014 to 1.4 million in 2023, while sales of e-scooters will grow from 4.1 million to 4.6 million.

This Navigant Research report examines the global markets for high-powered and low-powered e-motorcycles, e-scooters, and the related battery technologies. The study provides an analysis of the market drivers and barriers and key technology issues related to e-PTWs, as well as the impact of government influence. Global forecasts for e-PTWs and the batteries used in the vehicles, segmented by region, technology, and internal combustion engine (ICE) motor size equivalent, extend through 2023. The report also examines the market for gasoline motorcycles and scooters, battery market issues, the effect of electric vehicle (EV) charging equipment, and the major industry players.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • How will the gasoline motorcycle and scooter markets affect the electric power two-wheeler (e-PTW) market?
  • How will the electric car market influence the e-motorcycle and e-scooter markets?
  • What are the key drivers of growth in the e-motorcycle and e-scooter markets?
  • How many e-PTWs will sell in the next few years?
  • What are the different types of batteries used in e-motorcycles and e-scooters?
  • How fast will lithium ion batteries penetrate the e-PTW market?
  • Who are the key industry players in the e-motorcycle and e-scooter markets?
Who needs this report?
  • Motorcycle and scooter OEMs
  • Battery manufacturers
  • EV component suppliers
  • EV charging equipment manufacturers
  • Fleet managers
  • Utilities
  • Government agencies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Market Issues

1.2  Technology Issues

1.3  Market Forecasts

2. Market Issues

2.1  Definitions

2.2  ICE Motorcycle and Scooter Markets Drivers

2.2.1   North America

2.2.2   Europe

2.2.3   Asia Pacific

2.2.4   Latin America

2.2.5   Middle East & Africa

2.3  E-Motorcycle/E-Scooter Segmentation

2.3.1   Fleet Usage

2.3.1.1  Delivery

2.3.1.2  Police/Security

2.3.1.3  Rental Service

2.3.2   Performance Motorcycles

2.3.2.1  E-Motorcycle Racing Circuit

2.3.2.2  Off-Road

2.3.3   Commuting/Transportation

2.3.3.1  Product Segmentation Challenges in Asia Pacific

2.3.3.2  Fuel Costs for Internal Combustion Engine Power Two-Wheelers

2.4  Interaction with the Light Duty Vehicle Market

2.4.1   Impact of Electric Vehicle Charging Equipment Installations

2.4.2   E-Scooters from Automotive Brands

2.4.2.1  Vectrix Impact on Potential Automotive E-Scooters

2.4.3   The Tesla Motors Business Model

2.5  Government Influence

2.5.1   Traffic and Emissions Restrictions

2.6  Battery Market Issues

2.6.1   Demand and Cost for Lead-Acid

2.6.1.1  China Lead-Acid Battery Limitations

2.6.2   Demand and Cost for Li-Ion

2.6.3   Removable Battery Trends

2.7  Market Barriers

2.7.1   Costs

2.7.2   Vehicle Availability and Product Performance

2.7.3   Geography and Climate

2.7.4   Market Shake Out

3. Technology Issues

3.1  Battery Technology

3.1.1   SLA

3.1.2   NiMH

3.1.3   Li-ion

3.1.3.1  Lithium Iron Phosphate

3.1.3.2  Lithium Metal Chemistries

3.2  Battery Management

3.3  Electric Motors

3.4  Regenerative Braking

3.5  Vehicle Drivetrain Component Costs Trends

3.6  Vehicle Connectivity

3.7  Vehicle Recharging

4. Key Industry Players

4.1  Key OEMs

4.1.1   BMW Motorrad International

4.1.2   Brammo, Inc.

4.1.3   GOVECS

4.1.4   iO Scooter

4.1.5   Jiangsu Xinri E-Vehicle Co., Ltd.

4.1.6   Terra Motors

4.1.7   Vmoto Ltd.

4.1.8   Zero Motorcycles, Inc.

4.2  Key Industry Suppliers

4.2.1   Flextronics

4.2.2   Panasonic/Sanyo

4.2.3   Parker Hannafin

4.2.4   Samsung SDI

4.2.5   Sevcon

4.2.6   Tianneng Power International Ltd.

4.3  Industry Participants

4.3.1   AllCell Technologies

4.3.2   BOXX Corp

4.3.3   BRD Motorcycles

4.3.4   Chaowei Power

4.3.5   Elmoto (ID Bike, GmbH)

4.3.6   e-Moto LLC

4.3.7   Honda

4.3.8   Huafu High Technology Energy Storage Co., Ltd.

4.3.9   KLD Energy Technologies, Inc.

4.3.10 KTM

4.3.11  Lightning Motorcycles

4.3.12  Mahindra GenZe

4.3.13  Mission Motors

4.3.14  Peugeot Scooters

4.3.15  Suzuki

4.3.16  SYM

4.3.17  Yamaha Motor Co.

4.4  Other Industry Participants

5. Market Forecasts

5.1  Motorcycle and Scooter Market

5.2  E- Scooter Market

5.3  E-Motorcycle Market

5.4  E-PTW Segmentation by Motor Size

5.5  E-PTW Segmentation by Battery Type

5.6  Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Installed Energy Storage Energy Capacity in Microgrids by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Annual Sales of E-Scooters and E-Motorcycles by Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Retail Gasoline Prices by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Advanced Battery Energy Storage Capacity by Segment, World Markets: 2012
  • Estimated Annual Gas-Powered Scooter Sales by Region, World Markets: 2009-2013
  • Estimated Annual Gas-Powered Motorcycle Sales by Region, World Markets: 2009-2013
  • Annual E-Scooter Sales, China and Rest of World: 2014-2023
  • Annual E-Motorcycle Sales by Power Level, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Sales of E-PTWs by ICE cc Equivalent, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Percentage of Li-ion Batteries in E-Motorcycles and E-Scooters, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Battery Power Capacity of Annual Sales of E-PTWs by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Travel Times on E40 between Leuven and Brussels during Morning Rush Hour
  • Battery Chemistry Energy Density Comparison
  • Cylinder Li-ion Battery Cutaway Diagram
  • Prismatic Li-ion Battery Cutaway Diagram
  • SAE Connectors: J1772 and J1772 Combo Charger
  • CHAdeMO Connector

List of Tables

  • E-PTW Definitions by Region, World Markets: 2014
  • Total Cost of Ownership Comparison: 2014
  • Advanced Battery Energy Storage Capacity by Segment, World Markets: 2012
  • Battery Chemistry Characteristics
  • Estimated Retail Gasoline Prices by Region, World Markets: 2009-2013
  • Retail Gasoline Prices by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Estimated Annual Sales of Gas-Powered Scooters (125cc or Less) by Region, World Markets: 2009-2013
  • Estimated Annual Sales of Gas-Powered Motorcycles (More than 125cc) by Region, World Markets: 2009-2013
  • Annual Sales of Gas-Powered Scooters by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Sales of Gas-Powered Motorcycles by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Sales of E-Scooters by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Sales of Low-Powered E-Motorcycles (Less than 30 kW/40 hp Peak) by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Sales of High-Powered E-Motorcycles (More than 30 kW/40 hp Peak) by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Sales of E-Motorcycles by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Sales of E-PTWs by ICE cc Equivalent, North America: 2014-2023
  • Annual Sales of E-PTWs by ICE cc Equivalent, Western Europe: 2014-2023
  • Annual Sales of E-PTWs by ICE cc Equivalent, Eastern Europe: 2014-2023
  • Annual Sales of E-PTWs by ICE cc Equivalent, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • Annual Sales of E-PTWs by ICE cc Equivalent, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • Annual Sales of E-PTWs by Internal Combustion Engine cc Equivalent, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
  • Annual Sales of E-PTWs by ICE cc Equivalent, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Battery Power Capacity of Annual Sales of E-PTWs by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Battery Power Capacity of Annual Sales of Li-ion E-Scooters by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Battery Power Capacity of Annual Sales of SLA E-Scooters by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • E-Scooter Battery Technology Mix and Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Battery Power Capacity of Annual Sales of Li-ion E-Motorcycles by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • E-Motorcycle Battery Technology Mix by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Electricity Use by E-PTW Type, North America: 2014-2023
  • Annual Electricity Use by E-PTW Type, Western Europe: 2014-2023
  • Cities Banning or Restricting Motorcycles, China: 2010
  • Energy Storage Advantages and Weaknesses by Technology: 2014
  • E-PTW Definitions by Region, World Markets: 2014
  • Cities Banning or Restricting Motorcycles, China: 2010
  • Energy Storage Advantages and Weaknesses by Technology: 2014
  • Total Cost of Ownership Comparison: 2014
  • Battery Chemistry Characteristics
  • Drivetrain Component Percentage of Costs for E-PTWs: 2014
  • BMW Motorrad SWOT Analysis
  • Brammo Product Line: 2014
  • Brammo SWOT Analysis
  • GOVECS Product Line: 2014
  • GOVECS SWOT Analysis
  • iO Scooter SWOT Analysis
  • Jiangsu Xinri E-Vehicle Co. SWOT Analysis
  • Terra Motors SWOT Analysis
  • Vmoto SWOT Analysis
  • Zero Motorcycles Product Line: 2014
  • Zero Motorcycles SWOT Analysis
  • Flextronics SWOT Analysis
  • Panasonic SWOT Analysis
  • Parker Hannafin SWOT Analysis
  • Samsung SDI SWOT Analysis
  • Sevcon SWOT Analysis
  • Tianneng SWOT Analysis

Report Details

  • Pages: 77
  • Tables, Charts,
    Figures:
    71
  • Release Date: 2Q 2014

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