Energy Efficient Lighting for Commercial Markets

LED, Fluorescent, HID, Halogen, and Incandescent Lamps and Luminaires
in Commercial Buildings: Global Market Analysis and Forecasts

The ongoing sea change between fluorescent and light-emitting diode (LED) lighting technologies amounts to a significant disruption for the lighting industry, potentially changing the methods by which lighting is provided and sold to customers. As a result of the lengthening lifespans of LED lamps, lighting companies are beginning to change their focus from that of equipment suppliers to service providers. Moreover, lighting companies will need to stay aware of these broader shifts and continue offering new and innovative products and services to meet demand.

Due to the much longer lifespan of LED lamps, Navigant Research expects overall revenue from lamp sales to decrease in the coming decade. To avoid this inevitable decline, companies are broadening their offerings by expanding to lighting controls and lighting services. Just like the tech giants (e.g., Hewlett-Packard and IBM) of decades past had to make the shift from hardware to software and services, today’s lighting giants are becoming providers of complete lighting solutions rather than just the physical elements that emit light. According to Navigant Research, global lamp revenue is expected to decline from $18.5 billion in 2014 to $12.8 billion in 2023.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the global market for lighting within commercial buildings. The study provides an analysis of the market issues, including drivers and trends, barriers, cost issues, and technological developments, associated with lamps and luminaires intended for the commercial market. Global market forecasts for unit sales and revenue, segmented by region, building type, lamp type, lamp style, construction type, and integration status, extend through 2023. The report also examines the key standards and regional influences related to lighting technologies in commercial buildings and profiles a range of industry players.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • How quickly is LED lighting expected to spread across various commercial building types and global regions?
  • What are the key drivers encouraging the rapid adoption of LED lighting?
  • How are lighting companies positioning themselves for success in this changing market?
  • How will the installed base of lighting in commercial buildings shift over the coming decade?
  • What factors affect lighting decisions in different commercial building types and regions of the world?
  • Which countries have legislation to encourage the use of energy efficient lighting?
  • What is the outlook for lamps and luminaires in each global geographic region?
  • What technology trends may affect the future of the lighting market?
Who needs this report?
  • Lamp and luminaire vendors
  • Lighting industry associations
  • Lighting designers, architects, and engineering firms
  • Commercial building owners and managers
  • Utilities
  • Energy service companies (ESCOs)
  • Energy regulators and policymakers
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Introduction

1.2  Key Market Drivers

1.3  Competitive Landscape

1.4  Forecast Highlights

2. Market Issues   

2.1  Market Overview

2.2  Consideration by Commercial Building Type

2.2.1   Office

2.2.2   Retail

2.2.3   Education

2.2.4   Healthcare

2.2.5   Hotels & Restaurants

2.2.6   Institutional/Assembly

2.2.7   Warehouse

2.2.8   Transport

2.3  Market Drivers

2.3.1   Falling LED Prices

2.3.2   Energy Efficiency

2.3.3   Energy Codes

2.3.4   Incandescent Phaseout

2.3.5   Electricity Costs

2.3.6   Improved Controllability

2.3.7   R&D Focus

2.3.8   Green Building Certifications

2.4  Market Barriers and Challenges

2.4.1   Financial Barriers

2.4.2   Customer Mistrust/Perception of Quality

2.4.3   Engineering Challenges

2.4.4   Underwriters Laboratories (UL) Certification

2.5  Cost Drivers

2.5.1   Policy Influences

2.5.2   Supply Influences

2.5.3   LED Cost Reductions

2.5.4   Cost per Lamp

2.6  Drivers and Trends by Geography

2.6.1   United States

2.6.2   Canada

2.6.3   Europe

   2.6.3.1  Germany

   2.6.3.2  United Kingdom

   2.6.3.3  France

2.6.4   Asia Pacific

   2.6.4.1  Japan

   2.6.4.2  Australia

   2.6.4.3  China

   2.6.4.4  South Korea

2.6.5   Latin America

   2.6.5.1  Brazil

2.6.6   Middle East & Africa

   2.6.6.1  South Africa

3. Technology Issues

3.1  Technical Definitions and Measures of Efficiency

3.1.1   Efficacy, Efficiency, and Coefficient of Utilization

3.1.2   Application Efficiency

3.1.3   Lamp Life

3.1.4   Color Rendering Index, R9, and Color Consistency

3.1.5   Pupil Lumens

3.1.6   Ambient and Device Temperature Effects

   3.1.6.1  Fluorescents and Low Temperatures

   3.1.6.2  LEDs and High Temperatures

3.2  State of Efficient Light Sources

3.2.1   Linear Fluorescent

3.2.2   CFLs

3.2.3   Induction

3.2.4   HID

3.2.5   LEDs

   3.2.5.1  Substrate Issues

      3.2.5.1.1.  Sapphire

      3.2.5.1.2.  Silicon Carbide

      3.2.5.1.3.  Silicon

      3.2.5.1.4.  GaN

   3.2.5.2  Plug-and-Play versus Ballast Bypass

3.3  Technology Trends

3.3.1   Chip on Board LEDs

3.3.2   LED Modules

3.3.3   Color Tuning

3.3.4   Flexible Substrates

3.3.5   Integrated LED Lamp/Luminaire

3.3.6   DC Power Distribution

3.3.7   OLED

3.3.8   Lighting Controls

4. Key Industry Players  

4.1  Introduction

4.2  Top Lamp Companies

4.2.1   GE Lighting

4.2.2   OSRAM

4.2.3   Philips Lighting

4.3  Large Lighting Companies

4.3.1   Acuity Brands, Inc.

4.3.2   Cooper Lighting

4.3.3   Cree, Inc.

4.3.4   Hubbell Lighting, Inc.

4.3.5   Nichia Corp.

4.4  Small Lighting Companies

4.4.1   Cooledge Lighting, Inc.

4.4.2   Digital Lumens, Inc.

4.4.3   Lunera Lighting, Inc.

4.4.4   Soraa

4.4.5   The Lighting Quotient

4.5  Other Industry Participants

4.6  Industry Associations

4.7  Government Regulators and Programs

4.7.1   U.S. DOE Programs

4.7.2   EU Programs

4.7.3   Other Regions

5. Market Forecasts   

5.1  Forecast Overview

5.2  Forecast Components

5.2.1   Commercial Building Floor Space

5.2.2   Typical LPD

5.2.3   Average Lamp Characteristics

5.2.4   Lamps per Square Foot

5.2.5   Lamp Type Distribution

5.2.6   Global Installed Base: 2014

5.2.7   Share of Lighting in New Construction and Retrofit Projects

5.2.8   Global Installed Base: 2014-2023

5.2.9   Lamp Replacements

5.3  Unit Shipments by Lamp Type

5.4  Unit Shipments by Lamp Style

5.5  Unit Shipments by Construction Type

5.6  Installed Luminaire Base by Lamp Type

5.7  Revenue Forecasts by Region

5.7.1   North America

5.7.2   Europe

5.7.3   Asia Pacific

5.7.4   Latin America

5.7.5   Middle East & Africa

5.8  LED Revenue by Region

5.9  LED Revenue by Building Type

5.10  LED Luminaire Unit Sales by LED Type

5.11  LED Luminaire Unit Shipments by Integration Status

5.12  Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Lamp Revenue by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Cost per Kilolumen by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Typical Fluorescent Lumen Output, Percentage of Maximum, by Temperature
  • Estimated Outdoor Pole-Mounted LED Life Expectancy vs. Ambient Temperature
  • Venture Capital Funding for Select Lighting Companies: 2006-2014
  • Commercial Building Floor Space by Building Type, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Share of Installed Base by Lamp Type, North America: 2014
  • Share of Lamps in Retrofit Projects by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Unit Shipments by Lamp Style, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Unit Shipments by Construction Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Installed Base of Luminaires by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Revenue by Lamp Type, North America: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Revenue by Lamp Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Revenue by Lamp Type, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Revenue by Lamp Type, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Revenue by Lamp Type, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
  • LED Lamp Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • LED Lamp Revenue by Building Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • LED Luminaire Unit Sales by LED Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • LED Luminaire Unit Sales by Integration Status, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Case Study – Chatwal Hotel Room Using LED Lighting in New York City
  • Case Study – GE Installation of LED High-Bay Lighting in Natural Grocers’ Distribution Center
  • Efficient Lighting Policy Status, World Map
  • LED Costs by Component: 2011-2020
  • Example of Application Efficiency – Cove Lighting
  • Example of a Linear Fluorescent Lamp
  • Example of a Compact Fluorescent Lamp
  • Example of Induction Lamps
  • Example of a Metal Halide Lamp
  • Components of an LED
  • Cree Employee with SiC Wafers
  • Depiction of an LED Using a GaN Substrate
  • Depiction of a Linear LED Tube
  • Depiction of Various LED Types
  • Examples of Flexible, Integrated Lighting – Clockwise from Left: GE’s BL Series LED Luminaires, OSRAM’s Prototype Airabesc, ENVOL’s Blackbody Helix, and Philips’ O’Leaf

List of Tables

  • International Energy Conservation Code, Changes from 2009 to 2012
  • Minimum Efficacy Requirements in the U.S. Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007
  • Typical Performance of Lighting Technologies
  • Average Lamp Life by Technology
  • Pupil Lumens for Lamp Technologies
  • GE Lighting SWOT Analysis
  • OSRAM SWOT Analysis
  • Philips Lighting SWOT Analysis
  • Other Industry Participants
  • Summary of Industry Associations
  • Summary of U.S. DOE Regulators and Programs
  • Summary of EU Regulators and Programs
  • Summary of Regulators in Other Regions
  • Average Characteristics of Individual Lamps Used in Forecast by Lamp Type
  • Number of Lamps Required per SF to Meet Light Requirements by Lamp Type, Asia Pacific: 2014
  • Typical Fluorescent Lumen Output, Percentage of Maximum, by Temperature
  • Estimated Outdoor Pole-Mounted LED Life Expectancy vs. Ambient Temperature
  • Venture Capital Funding for Select Lighting Companies: 2006-2014
  • Commercial Building Floor Space by Building Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Typical Lighting Power Density for Commercial Segments by Region, World Markets: 2014
  • Share of Installed Base by Lamp Type, North America: 2014
  • Installed Base of Luminaires by Lamp Type and Building Type, World Markets: 2014
  • Installed Base of Lamps by Lamp Type and Building Type, World Markets: 2014
  • Share of Luminaires in Retrofit Projects by Lamp Type, Office Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Installed Base of Luminaires by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Installed Base of Lamps by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Replacements per Year on Installed Base by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014
  • Luminaire Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Unit Shipments by Lamp Style, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire and Lamp Unit Shipments by Construction Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Revenue by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Revenue by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Number of Lamps Required per SF to Meet Light Requirements by Lamp Type, North America: 2014
  • Number of Lamps Required per SF to Meet Light Requirements by Lamp Type, Europe: 2014
  • Number of Lamps Required per SF to Meet Light Requirements by Lamp Type, Asia Pacific: 2014
  • Number of Lamps Required per SF to Meet Light Requirements by Lamp Type, Latin America: 2014
  • Number of Lamps Required per SF to Meet Light Requirements by Lamp Type, Middle East & Africa: 2014
  • Installed Base of Lamps by Lamp Type, North America: 2014
  • Installed Base of Lamps by Lamp Type,  Europe: 2014
  • Installed Base of Lamps by Lamp Type,  Asia Pacific: 2014
  • Installed Base of Lamps by Lamp Type, Latin America: 2014
  • Installed Base of Lamps by Lamp Type, Middle East & Africa: 2014
  • Luminaire Average Selling Prices by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Average Selling Prices by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, North America: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, North America: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Revenue by Lamp Type, North America: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Revenue by Lamp Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Revenue by Lamp Type, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Revenue by Lamp Type, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Revenue by Lamp Type, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Revenue by Lamp Type, North America: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Revenue by Lamp Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Revenue by Lamp Type, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Revenue by Lamp Type, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Revenue by Lamp Type, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
  • LED Lamp Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • LED Lamp Revenue by Building Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • LED Luminaire Unit Sales by LED Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • LED Luminaire Unit Sales by Integration Status, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Cost per Kilolumen by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023

Report Details

  • Pages: 95
  • Tables, Charts,
    Figures:
    107
  • Release Date: 4Q 2014

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