Energy-Efficient Port Operations

Shore Power Electricity Consumption, Utility Electricity and Shore Power Equipment Revenue, Natural Gas Drayage Trucks, and Port Incentives for Energy Efficiency

Moving and transferring goods are an essential part of the global economy, and ports are the primary mechanism for transferring cargo from ships to eventual land destinations. In port operations, ocean-going ships, yard trucks, forklifts, cranes, drayage trucks, and railcars all have significant impacts on the surrounding environment, mainly through the burning of diesel fuel. However, different technologies and strategies are providing ports with the capability to drastically improve energy efficiency and become more sustainable. These include the use of shore power, upgrading or retrofitting cargo equipment to run on electricity or natural gas, and incentive programs designed to encourage reduced and cleaner fuel usage.

Navigant Research projects that the use of shore power will ultimately become the most impactful tool in making ports more energy efficient, largely due to the enormous associated environmental improvements when using this technology and the existing shore power regulatory requirements in California and the European Union. Shore power equipment suppliers are expected to see an increase in market opportunities over the forecast period, particularly in these favorable regulatory environments and the emerging markets in Asia Pacific. According to Navigant Research, the global market for shore power utility electricity revenue in port operations is expected to grow from $32.0 million in 2015 to $334.7 million in 2024.

This Navigant Research report examines the energy-efficient port operations market, with a particular focus on natural gas drayage trucks and shore power. The study analyzes the drivers for energy-efficient technologies used in port operations, including financial, regulatory, environmental, and economic factors. Global forecasts of the energy-efficient port operations market extend through 2024. The report also examines the leading energy-efficient ports around the world, as well as the competitive landscape for port operators and suppliers.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • What energy-efficient technologies and strategies are used in port operations?
  • Which ports are leading the industry in energy-efficient operations?
  • What are the primary market drivers and barriers for the deployment of energy-efficient technologies in port operations?
  • What is the regional market share of global ports (measured by container throughput)?
  • How much fuel is being consumed by natural gas drayage trucks used in port operations?
  • How much electricity is being consumed by shore power in port operations?
Who needs this report?
  • Shore power suppliers
  • Natural gas vehicle manufacturers
  • Port authorities and operators
  • Ship and vessel owners and operators
  • Diesel-powered drayage truck manufacturers
  • Technology and communications companies
  • Municipal governments and other government agencies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Introduction

1.2  Market Drivers and Barriers

1.3  Market Forecast

2. Market Issues       

2.1  Global Port Commerce

2.1.1  Increasing Global Demand for Resources and Consumer Goods

2.2  Types of Vehicles and Energy Used in Port Operations

2.2.1  Container/Cargo Moving Vehicles

2.2.2  Stationary Power

2.2.3  Auxiliary/Backup Power

2.3  Environmental Impacts of Shipping and Port Operations

2.4  Technologies and Strategies for Improving Energy Efficiency in Port Operations

2.5  Market Drivers

2.5.1  Environmental Regulation of Port Activities by Region

   2.5.1.1  North America

      2.5.1.1.1.  Shore Power

      2.5.1.1.2.  Drayage Trucks

   2.5.1.2  Europe

      2.5.1.2.1.  Low-Sulfur Fuel Mandate

      2.5.1.2.2.  Alternative Fuels Infrastructure

   2.5.1.3  Asia Pacific

      2.5.1.3.1.  Clean Fuels Mandate

   2.5.1.4  Rest of the World

2.5.2  Government and Port Incentives

2.5.3  Cost of Fuel

2.5.4  Global Partnerships for Port Sustainability

   2.5.4.1  Competitive Pressure

2.5.5  Community/Public Pressure

2.6  Market Barriers

2.6.1  Fragmented Marketplace

2.6.2  Lack of a Level Playing Field

2.6.3  Lengthy Payback Periods

3. Technology Issues

3.1  Technologies Supporting Energy-Efficient Port Operations

3.1.1  Electric-Powered Solutions

   3.1.1.1  Shore Power

   3.1.1.2  Electric Forklifts and Trucks

   3.1.1.3  Electric Cranes

   3.1.1.4  Battery-Powered Ships

3.1.2  Hydrogen Fuel Cell Applications in Ports

   3.1.2.1  Demonstration Project Highlights

3.1.3  Natural Gas Trucks

3.1.4  Distributed Generation

3.1.5  Data Analytics

4. Case Studies of Energy-Efficient Ports    

4.1  North America

4.1.1  Ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach

4.1.2  Port of Miami

4.1.3  Port of New York and New Jersey

4.1.4  Port Metro Vancouver

4.2  Europe

4.2.1  Port of Helsinki

4.2.2  Port of Gothenburg

4.3  Asia Pacific

4.3.1  Port of Hong Kong

4.3.2  Port of Shanghai

4.3.3  Port of Sydney

4.4  Middle East & Africa

4.4.1  Port of Jebel Ali

5. Key Industry Players        

5.1  Port Operators

5.1.1  APM Terminals

5.1.2  DP World

5.1.3  Hutchison Port Holdings

5.1.4  SSA Marine

5.2  Other Players

5.2.1  ABB

5.2.2  Cisco

5.2.3  Cochrane Marine

5.2.4  DNV GL

5.2.5  EPRI

5.2.6  The Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Energy Association

5.2.7  Green Cranes Project

5.2.8  Hyster Company

5.2.9  International Association of Ports and Harbors

5.2.10   Maersk

5.2.11   OECD

5.2.12  Plug Power

5.2.13   Schneider Electric

5.2.14   Siemens

5.2.15   Total Transportation Services, Inc.

5.2.16   Worley Parsons

6. Market Forecasts  

6.1  Scope and Methodology

6.2  Port Vehicles and Equipment

6.3  Natural Gas Drayage Trucks in Port Operations

6.3.1  Natural Gas Fuel Consumption

6.4  Shore Power

6.4.1  Shore Power Electricity Consumption

6.4.2  Utility Electricity Revenue from Shore Power

6.4.3  Shore Power Equipment Revenue

6.5  Conclusions and Recommendations

7. Company Directory
8. Acronym and Abbreviation List
9. Table of Contents
10. Table of Charts and Figures
11. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Shore Power Utility Electricity Revenue in Port Operations by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Market Share of Ports by Container Throughput by Region, World Markets: 2008 and 2012
  • Market Share of Ports by Container Throughput by Region, World Markets: 2016
  • Drayage Trucks in Use in Port Operations by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Natural Gas Drayage Trucks in Use in Port Operations by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Percentage of Natural Gas Drayage Trucks in Use in Port Operations by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Fuel Consumption of Natural Gas Drayage Trucks in Use in Port Operations by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Shore Power Electricity Consumption in Port Operations by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Shore Power Utility Electricity Revenue in Port Operations by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Shore Power Equipment Revenue in Port Operations (Excluding Vessel Retrofits) by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • CO2 Emissions of Major Transportation Modes
  • Shore Power Requirements, California: 2014-2020
  • Example of a Port Shore Power System

List of Tables

  • Ports Offering ESI Incentives by Region, World Markets: 2015
  • Gantry Cranes in Use in Port Operations by Region, World Markets: 2015
  • Forklifts in Use in Port Operations by Region, World Markets: 2015
  • Drayage Trucks in Use in Port Operations by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Natural Gas Drayage Trucks in Use in Port Operations by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Fuel Consumption of Natural Gas Drayage Trucks in Use in Port Operations by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Percentage of Natural Gas Drayage Trucks in Use in Port Operations by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Shore Power Electricity Consumption in Port Operations by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Shore Power Utility Electricity Revenue in Port Operations by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Shore Power Equipment Revenue in Port Operations (Excluding Vessel Retrofits) by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Top 20 Container Ports, Throughput and Market Share, World Markets: 2013
  • Ports Offering ESI Incentives by Region, Global Markets: 2015
  • Estimated Emissions Reductions from Using Shore Power
  • Port Metro Vancouver Shore Power Connections: 2011-2013

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