Navigant Research » Research http://www.navigantresearch.com Tue, 23 Sep 2014 18:17:21 +0000 en-US hourly 1 http://wordpress.org/?v=3.8.1 Microgrid Enabling Technologies http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/microgrid-enabling-technologies http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/microgrid-enabling-technologies#comments Tue, 16 Sep 2014 02:46:32 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=69063 Smart Energy
The microgrid market has changed significantly since 2012. For example, a much greater emphasis is now being placed on the economic value microgrids bring to the entire utility-led macrogrid. Furthermore, the value proposition for advanced energy storage has been greatly advanced by governments and regulators in key microgrid markets. Perhaps the most noteworthy change, though, [...]]]>
Smart Energy

The microgrid market has changed significantly since 2012. For example, a much greater emphasis is now being placed on the economic value microgrids bring to the entire utility-led macrogrid. Furthermore, the value proposition for advanced energy storage has been greatly advanced by governments and regulators in key microgrid markets. Perhaps the most noteworthy change, though, is the investigation of new business models designed to support full commercial implementation of microgrid systems.

This report profiles a variety of microgrid enabling technology (MET) options, many of which play significant roles as the purpose and design of microgrids expand to encompass technologies and services related to smart buildings, demand response, distribution and substation automation, and smart meters. The leading market opportunity within the realm of microgrids is with different forms of distributed generation (DG), including diesel generators, natural gas generators, and other forms of renewable DG. However, there is market opportunity within the microgrid space beyond DG. In fact, advanced energy storage will represent the single largest investment category among MET options by 2023, though DG investments as a whole will still be larger. According to Navigant Research, global annual DG vendor revenue is expected to grow from $1.8 billion in 2014 to $9.6 billion in 2023.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the global market for significant METs, including diesel generators, natural gas generators, fuel cells, solar PV, distributed wind, other renewables (micro-hydro and biomass), combined heat and power (CHP), smart islanding inverters, advanced energy storage, plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) energy storage capacity, and microgrid software. The study provides an analysis of the market issues, including technology drivers and implementation challenges, associated with microgrid technologies. Global market forecasts for capacity and revenue, segmented by technology and region, extend through 2023. The report also examines the basic principles and commercial time horizons for key METs, as well as the competitive landscape.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • Which technologies represent the best near- and long-term investment opportunities within the microgrid space?
  • How do distributed generation (DG) options stack up in terms of microgrid market share globally?
  • Which standards are shaping markets for different classes of key microgrid components?
  • Who are the leading players when it comes to providing integration and optimization technologies for microgrids?
  • How do key large technology players differentiate themselves in this market?
  • Why will software spending on microgrids double on a percentage basis over the next decade?
Who needs this report?
  • Distributed generation (DG) technology suppliers
  • Battery storage innovators and integrators
  • Inverter manufacturers
  • Microgrid developers
  • Smart building managers
  • Utilities
  • Regulators
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Introduction

1.2  Market Forecasts

2. Market Issues  

2.1  What Is a Microgrid?

2.1.1   Emerging Value Proposition Underpinning Microgrids

2.1.2   Key Applications

2.2  Current Microgrid Technology Drivers

2.2.1   Rising Cost of Diesel Fuel

2.2.2   Natural Gas Price Dynamics

2.2.3   Distributed Renewables Integration

2.2.4   Distribution and Substation Automation Trends

2.2.5   Smart Inverter Advances

2.2.6   Smart Switches

2.2.7   Advanced Energy Storage

2.2.8   Automated DR

2.2.9   Smart Buildings

2.2.10   Rising Popularity of PEVs

   2.2.10.1  Case Study: University of California, San Diego

2.2.11   Microgrid Controllers

2.2.12   Unique DC Microgrid Considerations

2.3  Implementation Challenges: Key Component Standards

2.3.1   UL 1741 Safety Standards for Grid Devices

2.3.2   IEEE Standards for DG

2.3.3   IEEE Standards for Energy Storage

2.3.4   IEC Standards for Transmission and Distribution Systems and Interoperability

2.3.5   DC Medium-Voltage Standards

2.3.6   EV Charging Standards

   2.3.6.1  DC Fast Charging

   2.3.6.2  EPRI’s Open Grid Integration Platform

3. Technology Issues

3.1  MET Overview

3.2  Component Breakdown of Microgrids

3.3  DG

3.4  Diesel Generators

3.5  Natural Gas Generators

3.5.1  Commercial Time Horizon

3.6  Fuel Cells

3.6.1  Basic Principles

3.6.2  Commercial Time Horizon

3.7  Solar PV

3.7.1  Basic Principles

3.7.2  Commercial Time Horizon

3.8  Distributed Wind

3.8.1  Basic Principles

3.8.2  Commercial Time Horizon

3.9  Other Renewables

3.9.1  Hydroelectric

3.9.2  Biomass

3.10  CHP

3.10.1  Basic Principles

3.10.2  Commercial Time Horizon

3.11  Smart Islanding Inverters

3.11.1  Basic Principles

3.11.2  Commercial Time Horizon

3.12  Advanced Energy Storage

3.12.1  Basic Principles

3.12.2  Commercial Time Horizon

3.13  EV Charging Technologies

3.13.1  Basic Principles

3.13.2  Commercial Time Horizon

3.14  Other Potential Microgrid Enabling Hardware Devices

3.15  Software Innovation

3.15.1  Basic Principles

3.15.2  Commercial Time Horizon

4. Key Industry Players 

4.1  Company Profiles Overview

4.2  Large Master Controller and System Integrators

4.2.1   ABB

4.2.2   GE Digital Energy

4.2.3   Lockheed Martin

4.2.4   Schneider Electric

4.2.5   Siemens AG

4.3  DG Innovators

4.3.1   Bloom Energy

4.3.2   Cummins Inc.

4.3.3   Northern Power Systems

4.3.4   SunEdison

4.3.5   Tecogen

4.4  Smart Islanding Inverters

4.4.1   Princeton Power Systems

4.4.2   SMA Solar Technology AG

4.5  Energy Storage

4.5.1   ViZn Energy Systems, Inc.

4.5.2   Win Inertia

4.5.3   Younicos

4.6  Smart Buildings

4.6.1   Honeywell

4.6.2   Johnson Controls, Inc.

4.7  Smart Switches

4.7.1   S&C Electric Company

4.8  Smaller Microgrid Controls Specialists

4.8.1   Encorp

4.8.2   ETAP

4.8.3   Green Energy Corp.

4.8.4   IPERC

4.9  PEV Charging and Energy Storage Innovators

4.9.1   Boulder Electric Vehicle

4.9.2   Ford

4.9.3   Nissan

5. Market Forecasts  

5.1  MET Market Forecast Overview

5.2  DG

5.3  Overall MET Market Share Estimates

5.4  Leading DG Revenue Opportunities: Solar PV and Distributed Wind

5.5  CHP

5.6  Smart Islanding Inverters

5.7  Advanced Energy Storage

5.8  PEV Energy Storage

5.9  Microgrid Optimization Software

5.10  Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Total Annual Distributed Generation Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Microgrid Capacity by Segment, World Markets: 2Q 2014
  • Average Spot Price of Natural Gas by Select Market: 2001-2012
  • Smart Meters for DA Applications Installed Base by Region, World Markets: 2012-2020
  • Commercial Building Automation Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2012-2021
  • Distributed Solar PV System Prices (Non-Weighted Average) by Component, World Markets: 2006-2013
  • DG Capacity Market Share in Microgrids, World Markets: 2014
  • DG Capacity Market Share in Microgrids, World Markets: 2023
  • Total Annual Distributed Generation Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • MET Vendor Revenue Market Share by Technology, World Markets: 2014
  • MET Vendor Revenue Market Share by Technology, World Markets: 2023
  • Annual Solar PV Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Solar PV Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Distributed Wind Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Distributed Wind Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual CHP Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual CHP Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Smart Islanding Inverter Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Smart Islanding Inverter Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Energy Storage Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Energy Storage Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual PEV Energy Storage Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual PEV Energy Storage Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Microgrid Software Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual Microgrid Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • General Electric’s Microgrid Energy Manager
  • Solar PV vs. Diesel Fuel Prices: 2001-2013
  • Diagram of CERTS Microgrid
  • Technology Drivers for DC Applications, Including Microgrids
  • Microgrid Economic Capabilities Matrix per Internal Technology and External Markets
  • Microgrids as a Portion of U.S. CHP Market
  • Centralized vs. Distributed Controls for Microgrids
  • Merger of GE and Alstom Grid: Shared History

List of Tables

  • Operating and Cost Characteristics of Key DG Technologies for Microgrids: 2014
  • Estimated Microgrid Component Prices, Key Markets: 2013
  • Annual Diesel Generator Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Diesel Generator Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Natural Gas Generator Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Natural Gas Generator Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Fuel Cell Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Fuel Cell Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Solar PV Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Solar PV Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Distributed Wind Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Distributed Wind Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Other Renewables Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Other Renewables Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual Distributed Generation Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual Distributed Generation Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual CHP Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual CHP Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Smart Islanding Inverter Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Smart Islanding Inverter Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Energy Storage Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Energy Storage Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual PEV Energy Storage Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual PEV Energy Storage Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Microgrid Software Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual Microgrid Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lexicon of Nanogrids, Microgrids, and VPPs
  • Microgrid Technology Matrix of Today’s Mandatory Components
  • Microgrid Technology Matrix of Future Idealized Components
  • Energy Storage for Microgrid Services by Microgrid Type
  • Diesel Generators for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • Natural Gas Generators for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • Fuel Cells for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • Solar PV for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • Distributed Wind for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • Hydroelectricity for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • Biomass for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • CHP for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • Smart Islanding Inverters for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • Advanced Energy Storage for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • PEVs for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • Software Controls for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
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Energy Storage for the Grid and Ancillary Services http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/energy-storage-for-the-grid-and-ancillary-services http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/energy-storage-for-the-grid-and-ancillary-services#comments Tue, 16 Sep 2014 02:31:53 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=69050 Smart EnergySmart Utilities
A confluence of market drivers in several key regional markets is making energy storage viable. Intermittent renewables have begun to undermine traditional energy assets in wholesale energy markets while creating instability in both energy markets and the grid system overall. In addition, several countries, including the United States, South Korea, and Japan, are pursuing aggressive [...]]]>
Smart EnergySmart Utilities

A confluence of market drivers in several key regional markets is making energy storage viable. Intermittent renewables have begun to undermine traditional energy assets in wholesale energy markets while creating instability in both energy markets and the grid system overall. In addition, several countries, including the United States, South Korea, and Japan, are pursuing aggressive market reforms and policies that are sending positive market signals for utility-scale energy storage.

Market challenges remain, however, as advances in cost reductions, supply chain development, and integration expertise are still underdeveloped across nearly every storage technology. The current market winners are vendors that have shifted away from being pure-play technology firms and developed systems integration expertise to complement their technology. Meanwhile, lithium ion (Li-ion) has established a clear lead in the market as the technology of choice in not only short-duration applications, but also bulk storage. According to Navigant Research, global installed energy storage for the grid and ancillary services (ESGAS) power capacity is expected to grow from 538.4 MW in 2014 to 20.8 GW in 2024.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the global market for ESGAS. Specifically, the applications analyzed in this study include arbitrage, electric supply reserve capacity, frequency regulation, grid asset optimization, load following, spinning reserve, transmission and distribution (T&D) upgrade deferral, utility-scale solar integration, utility-scale wind integration, and voltage support. Global market forecasts for power capacity, energy capacity, and revenue, segmented by region, technology, and application, extend through 2024. The report also examines the key technologies related to ESGAS, as well as the competitive landscape.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • How large is the global market for energy storage for the grid and ancillary services (ESGAS)?
  • Which technologies in bulk and short-duration energy storage will lead the market?
  • How quickly will the global market for bulk and short-duration energy storage grow and why?
  • What countries and global regions will lead the market for grid-scale energy storage?
  • Which markets should each ESGAS technology target and why?
Who needs this report?
  • Engineering, procurement, and construction (EPC) firms
  • Energy storage technology firms
  • Solar financing companies
  • Smart grid controls and software companies
  • Inverter companies
  • Utilities
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Scope

1.2  Market Developments

2. Market Issues

2.1  End-Use Markets for Energy Storage

2.2  Historical Data

2.2.1   Deployments by Technology

2.2.2   Market Share by Deployed Capacity

2.3  Regional Analysis

2.3.1   North America

   2.3.1.1  AB 2514 Procurement Plans for 2014

   2.3.1.2  Ontario

2.3.2   Europe

   2.3.2.1  Pan-European Developments

   2.3.2.2  Italy

2.3.3   Asia Pacific

   2.3.3.1  Japan

   2.3.3.2  South Korea

3. Technology Issues

3.1  Overview

3.2  Advanced Flow Batteries

3.2.1   ZBR

3.2.2   VR

3.2.3   Iron Chromium

3.3  Advanced Lead-Acid Batteries

3.4  Advanced Li-ion Batteries

3.5  CAES

3.6  Flywheels

3.7  NaS Batteries

3.8  Power-to-Gas

3.9  Pumped Storage

3.10  Sodium Metal Halide Batteries

4. Key Industry Players

4.1  Flow Battery Vendors

4.1.1   EnerVault

4.1.2   Redflow

4.2  CAES Vendors

4.2.1   Hydrostor

4.2.2   SustainX

4.3  Flywheel Vendors

4.3.1   Beacon Power

4.3.2   Temporal Power

4.4  Li-Ion Vendors

4.4.1   LG Chem

4.4.2   Panasonic

4.4.3   Samsung SDI

4.4.4   Sony

4.4.5   Toshiba

4.5  Sodium Metal Halide Vendors

4.5.1   FIAMM SoNick

4.5.2   GE

4.6  Software and Integration

4.6.1   ABB

4.6.2   S&C Electric Company

4.6.3   Other Key Players

5. Market Forecasts

5.1  Introduction

5.2  Methodology

5.2.1   ESGAS Baseline Figures

5.2.2   ESGAS CAPEX

5.3  ESGAS Power Capacity Forecast

5.4  ESGAS Energy Capacity Forecast

5.5  ESGAS Revenue Forecast

5.6  Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • ESGAS Power Capacity by Technology, World Markets: 2007-2013
  • ESGAS Power Capacity Market Share by Top 10 Technology Vendors, World Markets: 2007-2014
  • ESGAS Power Capacity Commissioned by Region, World Markets: 2007-2014
  • ESGAS Market Segment Growth Profiles by Growth Type, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Power Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Power Capacity by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Energy Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Power Capacity by Application, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Energy Capacity by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Energy Capacity by Application, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024

List of Tables

  • ESGAS Policy Drivers, North America: 2014
  • ESGAS Applications, Technologies, and Typical Customers
  • ESGAS Power Capacity by Technology and Year Commissioned, World Markets: 2007-2014
  • ESGAS Power Capacity by Region and Year Commissioned, World Markets: 2007-2014
  • ESGAS Power Capacity Market Share by Top 10 Technology Vendors, World Markets: 2007-2014
  • ESGAS Market Segment Growth Profiles by Growth Type, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • ESGAS Baseline Power Capacity by Region and Metric: 2014 and 2024
  • ESGAS CAPEX Assumptions by Technology and Application, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Power Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Power Capacity by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Power Capacity by Application, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Energy Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Energy Capacity by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Energy Capacity by Application, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Revenue by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Revenue by Application, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Power Capacity by Technology and Application, North America: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Power Capacity by Technology and Application, Western Europe: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Power Capacity by Technology and Application, Eastern Europe: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Power Capacity by Technology and Application, Middle East: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Power Capacity by Technology and Application, Africa: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Energy Capacity by Technology and Application, North America: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Energy Capacity by Technology and Application, Western Europe: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Energy Capacity by Technology and Application, Eastern Europe: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Energy Capacity by Technology and Application, Asia Pacific: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Energy Capacity by Technology and Application, Latin America: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Energy Capacity by Technology and Application, Middle East: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Energy Capacity by Technology and Application, Africa: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Revenue by Technology and Application, North America: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Revenue by Technology and Application, Western Europe: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Revenue by Technology and Application, Eastern Europe: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Revenue by Technology and Application, Asia Pacific: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Revenue by Technology and Application, Latin America: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Revenue by Technology and Application, Middle East: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Revenue by Technology and Application, Africa: 2014-2024
  • Operating Characteristics of Leading Advanced Battery Technologies
  • Characteristics of Li-ion Battery Chemistries
  • LFP Summary
  • LMO Summary
  • LTO Summary
  • LCO Summary
  • NCA Summary
  • NMC Summary
  • NaS Summary
  • Other Key Players
  • Sodium Metal Halide Summary
  • Applications and Corresponding Baseline Figure
  • ESGAS Baseline Power Capacity by Region and Metric: 2014 and 2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Power Capacity by Technology and Application, Asia Pacific: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Power Capacity by Technology and Application, Latin America: 2014-2024
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Zero Energy Buildings http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/zero-energy-buildings http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/zero-energy-buildings#comments Thu, 04 Sep 2014 19:24:26 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=68796 Smart Buildings
Zero energy building (ZEB) solutions are being pursued by governments, corporations, and individuals to minimize the carbon footprint of their buildings. A ZEB uses as much energy over the course of the year as it generates from onsite renewables. Also called net zero energy buildings and, in the European Union (EU), nearly zero energy buildings [...]]]>
Smart Buildings

Zero energy building (ZEB) solutions are being pursued by governments, corporations, and individuals to minimize the carbon footprint of their buildings. A ZEB uses as much energy over the course of the year as it generates from onsite renewables. Also called net zero energy buildings and, in the European Union (EU), nearly zero energy buildings (nZEBs), ZEBs bring together existing energy efficient technologies to form a high-performance building. Today, hundreds of pilot ZEBs, encompassing commercial and residential buildings of all types (retail, office, educational, government, etc.), are being developed, many as pilot projects to showcase technology.

While several pilots are trying to prove the investment savings in lower energy bills, a stronger driver for the adoption of ZEBs is regulation. Policies like the EU’s Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) and California’s evolving Title 24 building code are forcing ZEB markets to come into place for new commercial, new residential, and retrofitted commercial space. One notable challenge is the variety of definitions of a ZEB and the lack of a single standards body to identify what success looks like. Although the global outlook for ZEBs is strong, the market will start slowly. According to Navigant Research, global ZEB revenue is expected to grow from $629.3 million in 2014 to $1.4 trillion by 2035.

This Navigant Research report defines and analyzes the global market for ZEBs with a focus on six product and service categories: lighting, walls and roof, glazing, heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems, renewable energy, and soft costs. The study provides an analysis of the region-specific and worldwide market issues, including drivers and barriers, associated with ZEBs. Global market forecasts for revenue, broken out by region, product/service, and development type (commercial construction, commercial retrofits, and residential), extend through 2035. The report also examines the key technologies and services related to ZEBs, as well as the competitive landscape.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • What is a zero energy/net zero energy/nearly zero energy building?
  • How is policy driving the adoption of zero energy buildings (ZEBs)?
  • What are the main barriers to widespread ZEB adoption?
  • What kinds of technologies are used in ZEBs?
  • Who are the primary market players in the ZEB industry?
  • How are the market players influencing the regional ZEB markets?
Who needs this report?
  • Energy efficient equipment vendors
  • Real estate investors and property managers
  • Production homebuilders
  • Smart building service and technology vendors
  • Solar hardware vendors
  • Electric utilities
  • Government agencies and policymakers
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Introduction

1.1  Overview

1.2  Key Market Trends

1.3  Global Market Size and Forecast

2. Market Issues 

2.1  Introduction

2.2  Definition of ZEBs

2.2.1   Other Net Zero Approaches

2.3  Market Drivers

2.3.1   Commercial versus Residential Buildings

2.3.2   New Construction versus Retrofits

2.3.3   Legislation and Building Code

2.3.4   The Rise of Green Buildings

   2.3.4.1  Green Buildings, LEED, and ZEBs

2.3.5   ZEB Standards and Certification Bodies

   2.3.5.1  Passive House

   2.3.5.2  Other ZEB Leaders

2.3.6   Technology Innovation and Cost Decreases

2.4  Market Barriers

2.4.1   Cost Premiums

2.4.2   ROIs

2.4.3   Grid Integration

2.4.4   Electric Vehicles and Rising Plug Load

2.4.5   Construction and Operation

2.4.6   Terminology and Awareness

3. Regional Analysis 

3.1  Regional Overview

3.2  North America

3.2.1   U.S. Federal Government

   3.2.1.1  U.S. DOE

   3.2.1.2  U.S. GSA

3.2.2   California

   3.2.2.1  TDV

3.2.3   Massachusetts

3.2.4   Canada

3.3  Europe

3.3.1   EU Policies

   3.3.1.1  EPBD

   3.3.1.2  Very Low Energy Houses

3.3.2   United Kingdom

3.3.3   France

3.3.4   Germany

3.4  Asia Pacific

3.4.1   Japan

3.4.2   Singapore

3.4.3   China

3.4.4   Rest of Asia Pacific

3.5  Latin America

3.6  Middle East

3.7  Africa

4. Technology Issues

4.1  Technology Overview

4.2  Siting and Context

4.2.1   Integrated Design

4.2.2    Building Design

4.2.3   Building Energy Modeling

4.2.4   Location-Based Issues

4.2.5   Calculating Renewable Power Potential

4.2.6   Campuswide Integration

4.2.7   Microgrids and Nanogrids versus ZEBs

4.3  Building Envelope

4.3.1   Wall Insulation and Building Envelope

4.3.2   Windows and Glazing

   4.3.2.1  Modern Window Characteristics

   4.3.2.2  Smart Glass

4.3.3   Thermal Mass Storage and ZEBs

4.3.4   Roofs and ZEBs

   4.3.4.1  Cool and Green Roofs

4.4  Energy Efficiency and Integrated Design

4.4.1   HVAC Systems

   4.4.1.1  Heating

   4.4.1.2  Cooling

   4.4.1.3  Ground-Source Heat Pumps

   4.4.1.4  IAQ

4.4.2   Energy Efficient Lighting

4.4.3   Daylighting and Fenestration

4.4.4   Hot Water

4.4.5   Direct Current Power

4.5  Plug Loads

4.5.1   Energy Efficient Appliance Standards

4.5.2   Smart Appliances

4.5.3   Electric Vehicle Integration

4.6  Building Energy Management

4.6.1   Building Controls

4.6.2   BEMSs

4.6.3   Continuous Commissioning

4.7  Renewable Energy

4.7.1   Solar PV

   4.7.1.1  Inverters and Micro-Inverters

   4.7.1.2  BIPV

4.7.2   Solar Thermal Systems

4.7.3   Biomass and CHP

4.7.4   Fuel Cells

4.7.5   Energy Storage Technology

4.8  Net Zero Water

5. Key Industry Players  

5.1  Overview

5.2  Real Estate, AEC, and Software Firms

5.2.1   Autodesk

5.2.2   CBRE

5.2.3   DPR Construction

5.2.4   Hines

5.2.5   JLL

5.2.6   Masdar

5.2.7   Meritage Homes

5.2.8   Related Companies

5.3  Energy Efficient Equipment and Performance Firms

5.3.1   Altura Associates

5.3.2   Big Ass Solutions

5.3.3   Building Robotics

5.3.4   Daikin

5.3.5    Honeywell

5.3.6   Schneider Electric

5.3.7   Siemens Building Technologies

5.3.8   SunPower

5.3.9   View Inc.

6. Market Forecasts 

6.1  Overview

6.1.1   Products and Services Segmentation

6.2  Global Outlook

6.3  North America

6.3.1   Commercial

6.3.2   Residential

6.4  Europe

6.4.1   Commercial

6.4.2   Residential

6.5  Asia Pacific

6.5.1   Commercial

6.5.2   Residential

6.6  Middle East

6.6.1   Commercial

6.6.2   Residential

6.7  Rest of World

6.8  Conclusions and Recommendations

7. Company Directory
8. Acronym and Abbreviation List
9. Table of Contents
10. Table of Charts and Figures
11. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Total Zero Energy Building Revenue, World Markets: 2014-2035
  • NBI-Tracked New Zero Energy Buildings by Year, North America: 1994-2013
  • Total Building Stock by Building Type, World Markets: 2014
  • Total Commercial Building Stock by Development Type, World Markets: 2014
  • Average Solar PV Installed Price by Size, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Total Zero Energy Building Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Construction Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, North America: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Retrofit Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, North America: 2014-2035
  • Residential Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, North America: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Construction Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Europe: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Retrofit Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Europe: 2014-2035
  • Residential Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Europe: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Construction Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Asia Pacific: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Retrofit Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Asia Pacific: 2014-2035
  • Residential Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Asia Pacific: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Construction Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Middle East: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Retrofit Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Middle East: 2014-2035
  • Residential Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Middle East: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Construction Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Rest of World: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Retrofit Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Rest of World: 2014-2035
  • Residential Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Rest of World: 2014-2035
  • The Evolution of Building Energy Demand and Generation
  • Representative ZEB and Its Associated Components
  • Zero Energy Building Annual Energy Balance
  • Successive Code Improvements for California’s Building Stock
  • Building Performance Mechanisms
  • A Schematic Representation of an Integrated Design Team
  • Modeled PV Potential in the United States
  • PVWatts Screenshots of PV Size Estimation
  • Ciralight Global Positioning System-Powered Solar Tracking Sunlight
  • BIPV at the UC Merced Science and Engineering 2 Building
  • The U.S. Army’s Net Zero Implementation Strategy

List of Tables

  • NBI-Tracked New Zero Energy Buildings by Year, North America: 1994-2013
  • Average Solar PV Installed Price by Size, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Total Building Stock by Building Type, World Markets: 2014
  • Total Commercial Building Stock by Development Type, World Markets: 2014
  • Commercial Construction Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, North America: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Retrofit Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, North America: 2014-2035
  • Total Commercial Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, North America: 2014-2035
  • Residential Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, North America: 2014-2035
  • Total Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, North America: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Construction Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Europe: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Retrofit Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Europe: 2014-2035
  • Total Commercial Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Europe: 2014-2035
  • Residential Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Europe: 2014-2035
  • Total Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Europe: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Construction Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Asia Pacific: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Retrofit Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Asia Pacific: 2014-2035
  • Total Commercial Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Asia Pacific: 2014-2035
  • Residential Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Asia Pacific: 2014-2035
  • Total Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Asia Pacific: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Construction Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Middle East: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Retrofit Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Middle East: 2014-2035
  • Total Commercial Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Middle East: 2014-2035
  • Residential Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Middle East: 2014-2035
  • Total Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Middle East: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Construction Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Rest of World: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Retrofit Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Rest of World: 2014-2035
  • Total Commercial Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Rest of World: 2014-2035
  • Residential Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Rest of World: 2014-2035
  • Total Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Rest of World: 2014-2035
  • Total Zero Energy Building Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2035
  • Total Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, World Markets: 2014-2035
  • nZEB 2020 Roadmap Status, European Union: 2012
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Global Distributed Generation Deployment Forecast http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/global-distributed-generation-deployment-forecast http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/global-distributed-generation-deployment-forecast#comments Fri, 29 Aug 2014 17:26:23 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=68691 Smart Energy
The rise of distributed generation (DG) is one of the most important trends in the energy industry today. Utility business models are threatened by the dramatic growth in the deployment of technologies that generate electricity onsite or at the distribution grid level, reducing the need to purchase electrons from centrally located utility-scale generation facilities. To date, [...]]]>
Smart Energy

The rise of distributed generation (DG) is one of the most important trends in the energy industry today. Utility business models are threatened by the dramatic growth in the deployment of technologies that generate electricity onsite or at the distribution grid level, reducing the need to purchase electrons from centrally located utility-scale generation facilities.

To date, DG has been more disruptive in Western Europe than in any other region. Utilities are losing hundreds of billions of dollars in market capitalization as DG reaches higher levels of penetration in leading countries such as Germany, the United Kingdom, and Italy. The prospect of similar losses by utilities in the United States is prompting a battle among utilities, the DG industry, and regulators seeking to strike a balance that allows for DG growth while allowing utilities to benefit. Such a balance would enable DG customers and utilities to take advantage of new revenue opportunities enabled by DG while fairly compensating utilities for the ability to use the existing electrical grid as a backup service for onsite power at higher concentrations in the future. According to Navigant Research, annual installed capacity in the global DG market is expected to grow from 87.3 GW in 2014 to 165.5 GW in 2023.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the global market for DG technologies, including solar PV (<1 MW), small wind turbines (SWTs; <500 kW), stationary fuel cells, natural gas generator sets (gensets; <6 MW), and diesel gensets (<6 MW).  Installed capacity, revenue, and pricing forecasts are included for the time period of 2014-2023 for 54 countries.  The report also includes region- and country-specific market analyses, qualitative analysis of installed capacity by customer segment and/or power class for leading markets, and an overview of modeling assumptions.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • What countries are the strongest markets for distributed generation (DG) deployment?
  • What is the DG market size by technology and country?
  • What are the key drivers and barriers to the deployment of DG in leading markets?
  • What are the costs of DG technologies now and in the future?
  • What are the most important technology, policy, and capital trends affecting DG?
  • What is the projected market size for distributed solar PV, small wind turbines (SWTs), fuel cells, natural gas generator sets (gensets), and diesel gensets by country?
  • What is the overall global outlook for DG?
Who needs this report?
  • Utilities
  • Distributed generation (DG) OEMs and suppliers
  • Solar PV companies
  • Small wind turbine (SWT) companies
  • Diesel generator set (genset) companies
  • Natural gas genset companies
  • Government agencies and regulators
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Introduction

1.2  Technology Scope

1.3  Global Forecasts

2. Data Assumptions 

2.1  Introduction

2.2  Methodology

2.2.1   Annual Installed Capacity

2.2.2   Revenue

2.3  Geographic Scope

2.4  Technology Scope

2.4.1   Solar PV Systems

2.4.2   Small Wind Systems

2.4.3   Stationary Fuel Cells

2.4.4   Gensets

2.5  Technology Pricing Assumptions

2.5.1   Solar PV Pricing Assumptions

2.5.2   Small Wind Pricing Assumptions

2.5.3   Stationary Fuel Cell Pricing Assumptions

2.5.4   Genset Pricing Assumptions

2.6  DG Market Drivers

2.6.1   Renewable Energy Targets and DG Carve-Outs

   2.6.1.1  North America

   2.6.1.2  Europe

   2.6.1.3  Asia Pacific

2.6.2   FITs and Net Metering

   2.6.2.1  North America

   2.6.2.2  Europe

   2.6.2.3  Asia Pacific

2.6.3   Increase in Catastrophic Power Outages

2.6.4   Rural Electrification

2.6.5   The Evolving Utility Business Model

3. Market Forecasts 

3.1  DG Forecasts

3.1.1   DG Forecasts by Technology

   3.1.1.1  Distributed Solar PV Forecast

   3.1.1.2  Small Wind Forecasts

   3.1.1.3  Fuel Cell Forecasts

   3.1.1.4  NG Genset Forecasts

   3.1.1.5  Diesel Genset Forecasts

3.1.2   DG Forecasts by Geography

   3.1.2.1  North America

      3.1.2.1.1.  United States

   3.1.2.2  Western Europe

      3.1.2.2.1.  France

      3.1.2.2.2.  Germany

      3.1.2.2.3.  Italy

      3.1.2.2.4.  United Kingdom

   3.1.2.3  Eastern Europe

   3.1.2.4  Asia Pacific

      3.1.2.4.1.  Australia

      3.1.2.4.2.  China

      3.1.2.4.3.  India

      3.1.2.4.4   Japan

   3.1.2.5  Latin America

   3.1.2.6  Middle East

   3.1.2.7  Africa

3.2  Conclusions

4. Acronym and Abbreviation List
5. Table of Contents
6. Table of Charts and Figures
7. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

    • Annual Distributed Generation Installed Capacity and Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
    • Annual Centralized Power Plant and Distributed Generation Capacity Additions and Revenue, World Markets: 2014-2023
    • Distributed Solar PV Installed Cost by Region, World Markets: 2009-2023
    • Small Wind System Installed Cost by System Size, United Kingdom: 2013
    • Annual GDP, New Electric Capacity Additions, and New Distributed Generation Capacity Additions, World Markets: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Installed Capacity and Revenue by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Solar PV Installed Capacity and Revenue, World Markets: 2014-2023
    • Annual Small Wind Installed Capacity and Revenue, World Markets: 2014-2023
    • Annual Stationary Fuel Cell Installed Capacity and Revenue, World Markets: 2014-2023
    • Annual Natural Gas Genset Installed Capacity and Revenue, World Markets: 2014-2023
    • Annual Diesel Genset Installed Capacity and Revenue, World Markets: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Installed Capacity and Revenue by Country, North America: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Installed Capacity and Revenue by Country, Western Europe: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Installed Capacity and Revenue by Country, Eastern Europe: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Installed Capacity and Revenue by Country, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Installed Capacity and Revenue by Country, Latin America: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Installed Capacity and Revenue by Country, Middle East: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Installed Capacity and Revenue by Country, Africa: 2014-2023
    • RPSs with Solar/DG Provisions, United States: March 2013
    • Forward Spot Price for Baseload Electricity, Europe: 2010-2013
    • California Independent System Operator Net Load: 2012-2020
    • FIT Rate Schedule, United Kingdom: 2012-2016

List of Tables

    • Annual Distributed Generation Installed Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Installed Capacity by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Installed Capacity by Technology and Country, North America: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Installed Capacity by Technology and Country, Western Europe: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Installed Capacity by Technology and Country, Eastern Europe: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Installed Capacity by Technology and Country, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Installed Capacity by Technology and Country, Latin America: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Installed Capacity by Technology and Country, Middle East: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Installed Capacity by Technology and Country, Africa: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Revenue by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Revenue by Technology and Country, North America: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Revenue by Technology and Country, Western Europe: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Revenue by Technology and Country, Eastern Europe: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Revenue by Technology and Country, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Revenue by Technology and Country, Latin America: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Revenue by Technology and Country, Middle East: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Revenue by Technology and Country, Africa: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Solar PV Generation Capacity by Country and Customer Segment, Europe: 2013
    • Cumulative Distributed Solar PV Generation Capacity by Country and Customer Segment, Europe: 2013
    • Distributed Solar PV Installed Cost by System Size and Region, World Markets: 2009-2023
    • Small Wind System Average Installed Cost, World Markets: 2009-2023
    • Fuel Cell Average Installed Cost, World Markets: 2009-2023
    • Natural Gas Genset Average Installed Cost, World Markets: 2009-2023
    • Diesel Genset Average Installed Cost, World Markets: 2009-2023
    • DG Technology Comparison
    • Estimated Losses per Hour of Grid Failure
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Smart Meters http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/smart-meters http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/smart-meters#comments Wed, 27 Aug 2014 20:43:19 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=68617 Smart UtilitiesUtility Innovations
The smart electric meter market has shifted emphasis to projects in Europe and Asia Pacific while the once hot U.S. market has leveled off, as federal funding for projects has been nearly exhausted. However, deployments do continue. Even with the U.S. slowdown, smart meter vendors report business activity is increasing in Western Europe, where utilities [...]]]>
Smart UtilitiesUtility Innovations

The smart electric meter market has shifted emphasis to projects in Europe and Asia Pacific while the once hot U.S. market has leveled off, as federal funding for projects has been nearly exhausted. However, deployments do continue. Even with the U.S. slowdown, smart meter vendors report business activity is increasing in Western Europe, where utilities in Spain, France, and the United Kingdom have projects underway or about to begin that will account for some 93 million new meters by the end of 2020. Similarly, in Eastern Europe, utilities have stepped up plans for smart meter deployments.

In Asia Pacific, utilities in China continue to install large numbers of smart meters as part of a 5-year nationwide plan to upgrade grid infrastructure. Major deployments are planned in Japan that are expected to eventually account for some 80 million smart meters, with Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) taking the lead there. In India, pilot projects are taking place that will set the stage for large smart meter deployments that will start later this decade and are expected to total more than 150 million new devices. According to Navigant Research, global revenue from annual smart meter shipments is expected to grow from $4.4 billion in 2013 to $6.6 billion in 2023.

This Navigant Research report examines the global market opportunity for smart electric meters, with a focus on four neighborhood area network (NAN) communications technologies: radio frequency (RF) mesh, RF point-to-point, RF public, and power line communications (PLC). The study examines the drivers and barriers shaping the market, along with the major technology issues. Global market forecasts for smart electric meter shipments and the associated revenue, broken out by region, meter type, and NAN technology, extend through 2023. The report also provides key vendor profiles and a discussion of broad metering trends and activities worldwide.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • What market forces are shaping the global smart electric meter market?
  • How many smart meters will be shipped worldwide through 2023?
  • What is the size of the revenue opportunity for smart meters?
  • What technical issues are shaping the smart electric meter market?
  • How will the market for smart meters play out across the global regions?
Who needs this report?
  • Smart electric meter manufacturers and component suppliers
  • Electric utilities and grid operators
  • Electric meter communications module vendors
  • Regulators
  • Electric industry associations
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Introduction

1.2  Market Drivers

1.3  Market Barriers

1.4  Market Forecast

2. Market Issues

2.1  Smart Meter Market Overview

2.1.1   Maturing Market, Different Specs

2.1.2   Smart Electric Meters

2.1.3   Common Terms

2.2  Market Drivers

2.2.1   Energy Policy Drivers

   2.2.1.1  North America

   2.2.1.2  Europe

   2.2.1.3  Asia Pacific

   2.2.1.4  Latin America

   2.2.1.5  Middle East & Africa

2.3  Market Barriers

2.3.1   Broader Electricity Industry Issues

2.4  Market Activity

2.4.1   North America

   2.4.1.1  Cooperatives, Municipal Utilities

   2.4.1.2  Canada

2.4.2   Europe

   2.4.2.1  Poland

   2.4.2.2  Spain

   2.4.2.3  Denmark

   2.4.2.4  Great Britain

   2.4.2.5  France

   2.4.2.6  Netherlands

   2.4.2.7  Germany

2.4.3   Asia Pacific

   2.4.3.1  Japan

   2.4.3.2  China

   2.4.3.3  India

2.4.4   Latin America

2.4.5   Middle East & Africa

2.5  Industry Dynamics

3. Technology Issues

3.1  Smart Meter Overview

3.1.1   Key Components

3.1.2   Smart Meter Requirements

   3.1.2.1  European Minimums

3.2  Meter Technology

3.3  NAN Communications Technologies

3.3.1   RF Mesh Networks

   3.3.1.1  Physical and Link Layer Protocols

   3.3.1.2  Performance Characteristics

3.3.2   RF Point-to-Multipoint Networks

   3.3.2.1  Private RF Point-to-Multipoint Systems

   3.3.2.2  Cellular-Based Systems

   3.3.2.3  Performance Characteristics

3.3.3   PLC

   3.3.3.1  Low-Speed PLC

   3.3.3.2  Narrowband PLC

   3.3.3.3  Broadband over Power Line

   3.3.3.4  Performance Characteristics

3.3.4   HAN Interface

   3.3.4.1  RF HANs

      3.3.4.1.1.  ZigBee

      3.3.4.1.2.  Other RF HAN Technologies

   3.3.4.2  PLC HANs

      3.3.4.2.1.  HomePlug

      3.3.4.2.2.  HomeGrid/ITU G.hn

3.4  Other Smart Meter Communications Configurations

3.5  Key Technical Issues

3.5.1   Interoperability and the Move to IP-Based Networks

3.5.2   Integrated System Security

3.5.3   Future-Proofing

3.6  Standards Issues

3.6.1   Who Sets Metering Standards?

3.6.2   Standard Set of Standards Efforts

   3.6.2.1  National Institute of Standards and Technology

   3.6.2.2  European OPEN Meter Project

   3.6.2.3  Utility-Driven Standardization

3.6.3   Standards Evolution Implications

4. Key Industry Players  

4.1  Smart Meter and Communications Vendors

4.1.1   Aclara

4.1.2   Echelon

4.1.3   Elster Group

4.1.4   GE Digital Energy

4.1.5   Holley Metering

4.1.6   Iskraemeco

4.1.7   Itron

4.1.8   Kamstrup

4.1.9   Landis+Gyr

4.1.10   Nuri Telecom

4.1.11   Sagemcom

4.1.12   Sensus

4.1.13   Siemens Energy

4.1.14   Silver Spring Networks

4.1.15   Tantalus Systems

4.1.16   Trilliant

4.1.17   Wasion Group

4.1.18   ZIV

5. Market Forecasts   

5.1  Introduction

5.2  Global Electric Meter Installed Base

5.3  Global Smart Meter Unit Shipments by Region

5.3.1   North American Smart Meter Shipments

5.3.2   European Smart Meter Shipments

5.3.3   Asia Pacific Smart Meter Shipments

5.3.4   Latin America Smart Meter Shipments

5.3.5   Middle East & Africa Smart Meter Shipments

5.4  Global Smart Meter Revenue

5.5  Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Smart Meter Penetration Rate of All Electric Meters by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Electric Meter Installed Base by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Electric Meter Unit Shipments by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Smart Meter Unit Shipments by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Share of Smart Meter Unit Shipments by Utility Type, United States: 2013-2023
  • Smart Meter Unit Shipments and Installed Base Penetration, United States: 2013-2023
  • Smart Meter Unit Shipments and Installed Base Penetration, Canada: 2013-2023
  • Smart Meter Revenue and ASPs, North America: 2013-2023
  • Smart Meter Revenue and ASPs, Europe: 2013-2023
  • Smart Meter Revenue and ASPs, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Smart Meter Revenue and ASPs, Latin America: 2013-2023
  • Smart Meter Revenue and ASPs, Middle East & Africa: 2013-2023
  • Smart Meter Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Smart Meter Installed Base by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Smart Meter Unit Shipments by Segment, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Advanced Smart Meter Unit Shipments as a Percentage of All Smart Meter Unit Shipments by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Advanced Smart Meter Shipments by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Advanced Smart Meter Penetration of All Meters by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Share of Smart Meter Unit Shipments by NAN Technology, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Share of Smart Meter Unit Shipments by NAN Technology, North America: 2013-2023
  • Share of Smart Meter Unit Shipments by NAN Technology, Europe: 2013-2023
  • Share of Advanced Smart Meter Unit Shipments by NAN Technology, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Basic and Advanced Smart Meter Revenue and ASPs, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Simplified Smart Meter Network Architecture
  • Smart Meter Deployment Plans by EU Member States
  • Smart Meter Form Factors
  • European Commission’s Recommended 10 Minimum Functional Requirements
  • Mesh Network Configuration
  • Star Network
  • A PLC Topology
  • SEP 2.0 Interoperability Model for HANs

List of Tables

  • Electric Meter Unit Shipments by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Electric Meter Installed Base by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Smart Meter Installed Base and Penetration Rates by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Advanced Smart Meter Installed Base and Penetration Rates by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Smart Meter Unit Shipments, ASPs, and Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Smart Meter Unit Shipments as a Percentage of All Electric Meter Unit Shipments by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Smart Meter Unit Shipments by Region and NAN Technology, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Basic Smart Meter Unit Shipments, ASPs, and Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Basic Smart Meter Unit Shipments by Region and NAN Technology, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Advanced Smart Meter Unit Shipments, ASPs, and Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Advanced Smart Meter Unit Shipments by Region and NAN Technology, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Electric Meter Unit Shipments by Country, North America: 2013-2023
  • Electric Meter Installed Base by Country, North America: 2013-2023
  • Smart Meter Installed Base and Penetration Rate by Country, North America: 2013-2023
  • Smart Meter Unit Shipments, ASPs, and Revenue by Country, North America: 2013-2023
  • Basic Smart Meter Unit Shipments and Revenue by Country, North America: 2013-2023
  • Advanced Smart Meter Unit Shipments and Revenue by Country, North America: 2013-2023
  • Smart Meter Installed Base and Penetration Rate by Utility Type, United States: 2013-2023
  • Smart Meter Unit Shipments by Utility Type, United States: 2013-2023
  • Electric Meter Installed Base by Meter Type, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Advanced Smart Meter Unit Shipments as a Percentage of Total Smart Meter Unit Shipments, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Smart Meter Unit Shipments by NAN Technology, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Smart Meter Unit Shipments by NAN Technology and Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Advanced Smart Meter Unit Shipments by NAN Technology, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Basic and Advanced Smart Meter Revenue and ASPs, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Smart Meter Mergers and Acquisitions: 2014
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Residential Demand Response http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/residential-demand-response http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/residential-demand-response#comments Tue, 26 Aug 2014 20:49:19 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=68599 Smart Utilities
Residential demand response (DR) is a relatively old concept that harkens back to the 1970s, when it was first employed in the United States. At that time, DR was implemented as a component of the energy conservation focus of demand-side management (DSM) programs to encourage consumers to use less electricity during peak hours or to [...]]]>
Smart Utilities

Residential demand response (DR) is a relatively old concept that harkens back to the 1970s, when it was first employed in the United States. At that time, DR was implemented as a component of the energy conservation focus of demand-side management (DSM) programs to encourage consumers to use less electricity during peak hours or to shift their energy use to off-peak times. Utilities have run residential direct load control (DLC) programs as forms of demand management for many years.

Traditional DLC programs paid customers an annual fee for agreeing to have a control device installed on their air conditioners. However, customers had no engagement with the program, and many would override the controls or quit the program if comfort was compromised. With the development of advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) and smart, two-way communicating thermostats in the last 10 years, notification, equipment, and customer limitations are being overcome. Utilities can discreetly dispatch customers according to system need and can get real-time feedback on performance and outages. Customers can control their own devices through mobile applications, making them more empowered. Navigant Research forecasts that global residential DR revenue will grow from $332.4 million in 2014 to $2.3 billion in 2023.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the global market for residential DR in five major geographic regions. The study provides an analysis of the market drivers and barriers, as well as global players and dynamics, associated with residential DR. Global market forecasts for residential DR sites, capacity, and revenue, broken out by DR program (DLC and dynamic pricing) and region, extend through 2023. The report also examines the main technologies related to residential DR and identifies the strengths and challenges of key industry players.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • What are the market drivers incentivizing residential demand response (DR) to expand in the United States and abroad?
  • What factors may inhibit the expansion of residential DR?
  • What new technologies are enabling residential DR to increase its penetration in the market?
  • Who are the major competitors in the residential DR arena?
  • How fast will residential DR grow in various regions around the world?
Who needs this report?
  • Demand response management system (DRMS) vendors
  • Curtailment service providers
  • Smart thermostat vendors
  • Smart grid analytics and communications vendors
  • Utilities
  • Regional transmission organizations/independent system operators (RTOs/ISOs)
  • Government agencies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Introduction to Residential Demand Response

1.2  DR Market Drivers and Barriers

1.3  Technology Evolution in the DR Market

1.4  DR Market Size and Forecast

2. Market Issues  

2.1  Definition of Demand Response

2.1.1   Navigant Research’s Definition

2.2  Residential DR Market Drivers

2.2.1   Coal and Nuclear Plant Retirements

2.2.2   Grid Resiliency

2.2.3   Grid Modernization

2.2.4   Ancillary Services and Renewable Energy Integration

2.2.5   Dynamic Pricing

   2.2.5.1  SMUD

   2.2.5.2  BGE

   2.2.5.3  Oklahoma Gas and Electric

   2.2.5.4  Ontario, Canada

   2.2.5.5  Philadelphia Electric Company TOU Pilot Program

2.2.6   Behavioral DR

2.2.7   EVs

2.2.8   Transactive Energy and Connected Appliances

2.3  DR Market Barriers

2.3.1   Broad Market Trends

2.3.2   Winter DR

2.3.3   Solar PV Penetration

3. Global DR Market Players and Dynamics  

3.1  Introduction

3.2  North America

3.2.1   The FERC

   3.2.1.1  DR-Related FERC Orders

3.2.2   U.S. EPA

3.2.3   PJM Interconnection

   3.2.3.1  Capacity Market

   3.2.3.2  Ancillary Services Markets

   3.2.3.3  Utility Programs

3.2.4   California

3.2.5   Massachusetts

3.2.6   New York

   3.2.6.1  New York Public Service Commission

   3.2.6.2  Con Edison

3.2.7   Texas

   3.2.7.1  ERCOT DR and Dynamic Pricing Survey

   3.2.7.2  Other DR Players in Texas

3.2.8   PUCs

3.2.9   Ontario, Canada

3.3  Europe

3.3.1   Regulatory Barriers

3.3.2   Climate Change Concerns

   3.3.2.1  Intermittent Renewables

   3.3.2.2  Capacity Markets

3.3.3   European Players

   3.3.3.1  European Commission

   3.3.3.2  Smart Energy Demand Coalition

3.3.4   France

3.3.5   Germany

3.3.6   Italy

3.3.7   United Kingdom

3.4  Asia Pacific

3.4.1   Australia and New Zealand

   3.4.1.1  Ergon Energy

3.4.2   Japan

3.4.3   South Korea

4. Technology Issues

4.1  Introduction

4.2  AMI versus Broadband

4.3  OpenADR

4.3.1   OpenADR 2.0

4.4  Thermostats

4.4.1   BYOT

4.5  Window AC Units

4.6  Grid-Interactive Electric Water Heating

4.7  Demand Response Management Systems

5. Key Industry Players  

5.1  Introduction

5.2  Full-Service Residential DR Vendors

5.2.1   Established Residential DR Vendors

   5.2.1.1  Comverge

   5.2.1.2  Honeywell International

   5.2.1.3  Schneider Electric

   5.2.1.4  Siemens

5.2.2   Up-and-Coming Residential DR Players

   5.2.2.1  EcoFactor

   5.2.2.2  Energate

   5.2.2.3  EnergyHub

   5.2.2.4  Landis+Gyr

   5.2.2.5  Nest Labs

   5.2.2.6  Opower

   5.2.2.7  Silver Spring Networks

5.3  DRMS Providers

5.3.1   Leading DRMS Providers

   5.3.1.1  ABB (Ventyx)

   5.3.1.2  Alstom

   5.3.1.3  AutoGrid

5.3.2   Other DRMS Providers

   5.3.2.1  GE Energy

   5.3.2.2  Lockheed Martin

   5.3.2.3  Open Access Technology International, Inc.

5.4  Other Industry Participants

6. Market Forecasts 

6.1  Forecast Introduction

6.2  Forecast Assumptions

6.2.1   A Note on Report Scope and Market Sizing

6.3  Global Residential DR Sites

6.4  Global Residential DR Capacity

6.5  Global Residential DR Revenue

6.5.1   DR Product and Services Spending

6.6  Conclusions and Recommendations

7. Company Directory
8. Acronym and Abbreviation List
9. Table of Contents
10. Table of Charts and Figures
11. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Residential DR Sites by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Share of Residential DR Sites by Region, World Markets: 2014
  • Share of Residential DR Sites by Region, World Markets: 2023
  • CAGR of Residential DR Sites by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Residential DLC DR Sites by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Residential Dynamic Pricing DR Sites by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Residential DR Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Residential DLC DR Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Residential Dynamic Pricing DR Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Residential DR Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Residential DLC DR Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Residential Dynamic Pricing DR Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Risk/Reward Profile of Dynamic Pricing Options
  • Stages of Adoption of Transactive Operations for Industry
  • OpenADR Client/Server Model
  • OpenADR Members by Country

List of Tables

  • Residential DR Sites by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Residential DLC DR Sites by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Residential Dynamic Pricing DR Sites by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Residential DR Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Residential DLC DR Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Residential Dynamic Pricing DR Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Residential DR Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Residential DLC DR Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Residential Dynamic Pricing DR Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Share of Residential DR Sites by Region, World Markets: 2014 and 2023
  • Year-to Year Growth of Residential DR Sites, World Markets: 2015-2023
  • CAGR of Residential DR Sites by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Year-to-Year Growth of Residential DR Revenue, World Markets: 2015-2023
  • U.S. Utilities Offering DR Programs Outside of RTO/ISO Markets
  • Comverge SWOT Analysis
  • Honeywell SWOT Analysis
  • Schneider Electric SWOT Analysis
  • Siemens SWOT Analysis
  • ABB SWOT Analysis
  • Alstom SWOT Analysis
  • AutoGrid SWOT Analysis
  • Other Industry Participants
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Smart Grid Technologies http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/smart-grid-technologies http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/smart-grid-technologies#comments Wed, 20 Aug 2014 15:48:04 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=68431 Smart Utilities
The market for smart grid technologies is evolving rapidly as the need for a more responsive, automated power grid rises worldwide. The fundamental technology for injecting intelligence into the grid has been in existence for years – more than a decade in some cases. However, the past 18 to 24 months have seen accelerating technological [...]]]>
Smart Utilities

The market for smart grid technologies is evolving rapidly as the need for a more responsive, automated power grid rises worldwide. The fundamental technology for injecting intelligence into the grid has been in existence for years – more than a decade in some cases. However, the past 18 to 24 months have seen accelerating technological advancements and shifting priorities among utility industry stakeholders.

Transmission system upgrades are driven by the need to interconnect offshore or remote wind and solar farms, as well as ongoing electrification across Asia Pacific and developing regions. Falling costs for devices and communications networking, combined with the increasing emphasis on reliability and energy efficiency, will lead to robust growth in the substation and distribution automation (SA and DA) markets. Meanwhile, government mandates, especially in Europe, will drive strong smart meter penetration gains over the next decade. At the same time, utilities are facing more competition than ever and squeezed margins. These issues, along with the proliferation of smart devices in the grid, will drive impressive growth in demand for more powerful utility IT solutions and analytics. Navigant Research forecasts that global smart grid technology revenue will grow from $44.1 billion in 2014 to $70.2 billion in 2023.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the global market for smart grid technologies, with a focus on transmission upgrades, SA, DA, information and operations technology (IT/OT) software and services, and advanced metering infrastructure (AMI). The study provides a detailed analysis of the market drivers, challenges, and trends, as well as regional and country factors, for each smart grid technology segment. Global market forecasts for revenue, broken out by technology, application, component, and region, extend through 2023. The report also provides profiles of key grid infrastructure vendors and includes information on 150-plus other types of companies, major global utilities, and smart grid-related industry associations.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • Which smart grid technology segments are the largest and how quickly are they expected to grow?
  • What are the key market drivers and challenges for each smart grid technology segment?
  • What are the most important new trends affecting the pace of investment in smart grid technologies?
  • What regional factors are affecting the pace of investment in smart grid technology?
  • Who are the key vendors in each category of smart grid technology?
Who needs this report?
  • Smart grid infrastructure vendors
  • Communications networking vendors
  • Cyber security vendors
  • Grid sensor vendors
  • Utilities
  • Regulators and policymakers
  • Government agencies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Overview

1.2  Emerging Market Trends and Obstacles

1.3  Market Forecast

1.4  Additional Reading

2. Market Issues

2.1  The State of the Smart Grid Industry

2.2  Smart Grid Technology: Segments Defined and Market Drivers and Challenges

2.2.1   Transmission Upgrades

2.2.1.1  Transmission Upgrade Market Drivers

2.2.1.1.1.   Network Reliability

2.2.1.1.2.   Grid Efficiency

2.2.1.1.3.   Grid Capacity

2.2.1.1.4.   Generation Plant Retirements

2.2.1.1.5.   Aging Infrastructure

2.2.1.1.6.   Integration of Large-Scale Renewables

2.2.1.1.7.   Move from Centralized to Distributed Grid Management Technologies

2.2.1.2  Transmission Upgrade Market Challenges

2.2.1.2.1.   Capital Requirements

2.2.1.2.2.   Land Use and Eminent Domain

2.2.1.2.3.   Regulatory Environment

2.2.2   Substation Automation

2.2.2.1  SA Market Drivers

2.2.2.1.1.   Improved Outage Management and Recovery

2.2.2.1.2.   Improved System Operations

2.2.2.1.3.   Improved Equipment Health Monitoring

2.2.2.2  SA and Distribution Automation Market Challenges

2.2.2.2.1.   Regulatory Challenges

2.2.2.2.2.   Cost and Value

2.2.2.2.3.   Information Management

2.2.2.2.4.   Communications

2.2.2.2.5.   Standards Adoption

2.2.3   DA

2.2.3.1  DA Market Drivers

2.2.3.1.1.   Improved MV/LV Network Reliability

2.2.3.1.2.   Reduced Penalties for Poor Reliability Indices

2.2.3.1.3.   Operations Optimization

2.2.3.1.4.   Equipment Condition Management

2.2.3.1.5.   Dynamic Management of DG

2.2.3.1.6.   Avoided or Deferred Capital Expenditures

2.2.3.1.7.   Direct Operations and Maintenance Reductions

2.2.3.1.8.   Technical O&M Reductions (Energy and Fuel Cost Savings)

2.2.4   IT/OT Software and Services

2.2.4.1  Utility IT Software and Services Market Drivers

2.2.4.1.1.   Customer Engagement

2.2.4.1.2.   Operating Efficiency

2.2.4.1.3.   Predictive Capabilities

2.2.4.2  Utility IT Software and Services Market Challenges

2.2.4.2.1.   IT/OT Convergence

2.2.4.2.2.   Interoperability and Integration

2.2.4.2.3.   Data Quality: Validation, Estimation andEditing

2.2.4.2.4.   Aging IT Infrastructure

2.2.4.2.5.   Financial Pressures and Rate Case  Support

2.2.5   Advanced Metering Infrastructure

2.2.5.1  Advanced Metering Infrastructure Market Drivers

2.2.5.1.1.   Reduced Meter Reading Labor Costs

2.2.5.1.2.   Increased Meter Reading Frequency andAccuracy

2.2.5.1.3.   Remote Connect-Disconnect and LoadLimiting

2.2.5.1.4.   Outage Management – Detection andRestoration

2.2.5.1.5.   Power Quality Monitoring and Preventive System Repairs/Maintenance

2.2.5.1.6.   Revenue Protection and Theft Prevention

2.2.5.1.7.   Load Research and Analysis

2.2.5.1.8.   Energy Use Reduction

2.2.5.1.9.   DR and Peak Shifting

2.2.5.1.10.  Net Metering and Local Generation

2.2.5.1.11.  Support for EVs

2.2.5.2  AMI Market Challenges

2.2.5.2.1.   Standards and Interoperability

2.2.5.2.2.   Technical Obsolescence

2.2.5.2.3.   Security

2.2.5.2.4.   Consumer Pushback

2.2.6   Smart Grid Networking and Communications

2.3  Emerging Trends and Strategic Observations

2.3.1   Distributed Intelligence

2.3.2   Breaking Down Silos and IT/OT Convergence

2.3.3   Digitization and Ruggedization

2.3.4   DG Integration and Energy Storage

2.3.5   Utility Deregulation and Consolidation

2.3.6   Mobility

2.3.7   Visualization

2.3.8   Cloud Computing

2.3.9   Predictive Analytics

2.3.10  Physical and Cyber Security

2.3.11  Training Tools

3. Regional Issues

3.1  Regional Smart Grid Developments and RegulatoryDrivers

3.1.1   North America

3.1.1.1   Regulatory Environment

3.1.1.2   Transmission Upgrades

3.1.1.3   SA and DA

3.1.1.4   IT Solutions

3.1.1.5   AMI

3.1.2   Europe

3.1.2.1   Regulatory Environment

3.1.2.2   Transmission Upgrades

3.1.2.3   SA and DA

3.1.2.4   IT Solutions

3.1.2.5   AMI

3.1.3   Asia Pacific

3.1.3.1   Transmission Upgrades

3.1.3.1.1.   Transmission Upgrades in China

3.1.3.1.2.   Transmission Upgrades in India

3.1.3.2   SA and DA

3.1.3.3   IT Solutions

3.1.3.4   AMI

3.1.4   Latin America

3.1.4.1   Transmission Upgrades

3.1.4.2   SA and DA

3.1.4.3   IT Solutions

3.1.4.4   AMI

3.1.5   Middle East & Africa

4. Technology Issues

4.1  Overview

4.2  Transmission Upgrade Technologies

4.2.1   HVDC Technologies

4.2.2   HVAC Technologies

4.2.3   Submarine Cable Technologies

4.2.4   FACTS Technologies

4.2.5   Transmission Line Monitoring

4.3  SA

4.3.1   SCADA

4.3.2   Protective Relay Technology

4.3.3   Switchgear – Circuit Breakers and Fuses

4.3.4   Transformers

4.3.5   Relay Technology

4.4  DA

4.5  IT/OT Software and Services

4.5.1   MDM

4.5.2   Billing and CIS Solution

4.5.3   GIS

4.5.4   SCADA

4.5.5   EMS

4.5.6   DMS

4.5.7   OMS

4.5.8   AMS

4.5.9   MWMS

4.5.10  DRMS

4.5.11  DERMS

4.5.12  Data Analytics

4.6  AMI Technology

4.7  Networking Communications

5. Key Industry Players

5.1  Key Grid Infrastructure Vendors

5.1.1   ABB

5.1.2   Alcatel-Lucent

5.1.3   Alstom Grid

5.1.4   American Superconductor

5.1.5   Daiichi Electronics

5.1.6   Eaton

5.1.7   Ericsson

5.1.8   Fujitsu

5.1.9   G&W Electric

5.1.10  GE Digital Energy

5.1.11  NOJA Power

5.1.12  Ormazabal (Velatia)

5.1.13  Osaki Electric

5.1.14  S&C Electric

5.1.15  Schneider Electric

5.1.16  Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories

5.1.17  Shenzhen Clou Electronics

5.1.18  Siemens Energy

5.1.19  Toshiba

5.1.20  Yokogawa Electric

5.2  AMI Vendors

5.3  Networking Communications and Software Systems Providers

5.4  AMCM Device and Solutions Providers

5.5  IT Solutions and Service Providers

5.6  Systems Integrators

5.7  Cyber Security Vendors

5.8  Industry Associations

5.9  Utilities

5.9.1   North America

5.9.2   Europe

5.9.3   Asia Pacific

6. Market Forecasts

6.1  Overview

6.2  Forecasting Methodology

6.3  Smart Grid Technology Revenue Forecasts by Application

6.4  Smart Grid Technology Revenue Forecasts by Region

6.4.1   North America

6.4.2   Europe

6.4.3   Asia Pacific

6.4.4   Latin America

6.4.5   Middle East & Africa

6.5  Conclusions and Recommendations

6.5.1   Recommendations for Vendors

7. Company Directory
8. Acronym and Abbreviation List
9. Table of Contents
10. Table of Charts and Figures
11. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Smart Grid Technology Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-202
  • Smart Grid Technology Revenue by Application, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Smart Grid Technology Revenue by Application, North America: 2014-2023
  • Smart Grid Technology Revenue by Application, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Smart Grid Technology Revenue by Application, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • Smart Grid Technology Revenue by Application, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • Smart Grid Technology Revenue by Application, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
  • Cumulative Smart Grid Technology Revenue by Application, World Markets: 2014-202
  • Transmission Upgrade Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Transmission Upgrade Revenue by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Substation Automation Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Substation Automation Revenue by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Distribution Automation Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Distribution Automation Revenue by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • IT/OT Software and Services Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • IT/OT Software and Services Revenue by Application, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • AMI Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • AMI Revenue by Component, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • 2050 Goals for Renewable Generation, European Union: 2010-2050
  • Examples of Distribution Feeder Devices

List of Tables

  • Smart Grid Technology Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Smart Grid Technology Revenue by Application, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Cumulative Smart Grid Technology Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Cumulative Smart Grid Technology Revenue by Application, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Smart Grid Technology Year-on-Year Revenue Change by Region, World Markets: 2014-202
  • Smart Grid Technology Revenue by Application, North America: 2014-2023
  • Cumulative Smart Grid Technology Revenue by Application, North America: 2014-2023
  • Smart Grid Technology Year-on-Year Revenue Change by Application, North America: 2014-2023
  • Smart Grid Technology Revenue by Application, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Cumulative Smart Grid Technology Revenue by Application, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Smart Grid Technology Year-on-Year Revenue Change by Application, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Smart Grid Technology Revenue by Application, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • Cumulative Smart Grid Technology Revenue by Application, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • IT/OT Software and Services Revenue by Application, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • IT/OT Software and Services Revenue by Application, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • IT/OT Software and Services Revenue by Application, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
  • AMI Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • AMI Revenue by Component, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • AMI Revenue by Component, North America: 2014-2023
  • AMI Revenue by Component, Europe: 2014-2023
  • AMI Revenue by Component, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • Smart Grid Technology Year-on-Year Revenue Change by Application, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • Smart Grid Technology Revenue by Application, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • Cumulative Smart Grid Technology Revenue by Application, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • Smart Grid Technology Year-on-Year Revenue Change by Application, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • Smart Grid Technology Revenue by Application, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
  • Cumulative Smart Grid Technology Revenue by Application, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
  • Smart Grid Technology Year-on-Year Revenue Change by Application, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
  • Transmission Upgrade Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Transmission Upgrade Revenue by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Transmission Upgrade Revenue by Technology, North America: 2014-2023
  • Transmission Upgrade Revenue by Technology, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Transmission Upgrade Revenue by Technology, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • Transmission Upgrade Revenue by Technology, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • Transmission Upgrade Revenue by Technology, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
  • Substation Automation Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Substation Automation Revenue by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Substation Automation Revenue by Technology, North America: 2014-2023
  • Substation Automation Revenue by Technology, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Substation Automation Revenue by Technology, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • Substation Automation Revenue by Technology, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • Substation Automation Revenue by Technology, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
  • Distribution Automation Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Distribution Automation Revenue by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Distribution Automation Revenue by Technology, North America: 2014-2023
  • Distribution Automation Revenue by Technology, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Distribution Automation Revenue by Technology, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • Distribution Automation Revenue by Technology, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • Distribution Automation Revenue by Technology, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
  • IT/OT Software and Services Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • IT/OT Software and Services Revenue by Application, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • AMI Revenue by Component, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • IT/OT Software and Services Revenue by Application, North America: 2014-2023
  • IT/OT Software and Services Revenue by Application, Europe: 2014-2023
  • AMI Revenue by Component, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
  • Main Smart Grid IT Applications
  • Relative Comparison of Leading Smart Grid Communications Technologies
  • AMI Vendors, World Markets
  • Networking Communications and Software Systems Vendors, World Markets
  • AMCM Device and Solutions Providers, World Markets
  • IT Solutions and Services Providers, World Markets
  • Systems Integrators, World Markets
  • Cyber Security Vendors, World Markets
  • Industry Associations, World Markets
  • Electric Utilities, North America
  • Electric Utilities, Europe
  • Electric Utilities, Asia Pacific
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Energy Efficient Buildings: Europe http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/energy-efficient-buildings-europe http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/energy-efficient-buildings-europe#comments Tue, 19 Aug 2014 17:00:11 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=68407 Smart Buildings
The market for energy efficient buildings in Europe is supported by stringent regulations that apply across the European Union (EU). As a result of legislation, including the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD), mandatory changes to country-level building codes are increasing the performance requirements that apply to new construction and major renovations of existing buildings. [...]]]>
Smart Buildings

The market for energy efficient buildings in Europe is supported by stringent regulations that apply across the European Union (EU). As a result of legislation, including the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD), mandatory changes to country-level building codes are increasing the performance requirements that apply to new construction and major renovations of existing buildings. These codes are pushing toward the delivery of nearly zero energy buildings by 2019 and 2021 for public and private buildings, respectively.

Technology and service-level innovation show the market’s response to the growing interest in and proven cost-effectiveness of building energy efficiency. Technologies such as light-emitting diode (LED) lighting are seeing price drops and performance gains. More sophisticated building automation and control systems take advantage of an increase in data availability and analytical capacity to identify a range of low and no cost performance improvements. Startup software solutions providers and traditional hardware vendors of heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC), lighting, and control systems are expanding their efficiency service offerings. Financial products for energy efficiency retrofits are also growing and removing barriers such as access to finance. Navigant Research forecasts that the European market for building energy efficient products and services will grow from €41.4 billion ($56 billion) in 2014 to €80.8 billion ($109 billion) in 2023.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the European market for residential and commercial building energy efficient products and services. The study summarizes the market drivers and barriers for energy efficient products and services, including energy service company (ESCO) energy performance contracting, across the policy and technology landscape in Europe. Market forecasts for revenue, broken out by product, development, and building type and European region, extend through 2023. The report also examines the key technologies related to building energy efficient products and services, as well as the competitive landscape.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • Which product groups for building energy efficiency are growing most strongly?
  • How are expanded service offerings reshaping the market for energy efficient building products and services for large OEMs?
  • What barriers exist that are preventing the energy efficient buildings market from ramping up more dramatically?
  • Which regions within Europe are experiencing the strongest market growth for energy efficient building products and services?
  • Why is the energy service company (ESCO) market poised to be a significant approach to delivering building energy efficiency?
Who needs this report?
  • Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) and lighting equipment and controls manufacturers
  • Building energy management software vendors
  • Building fabric materials manufacturers
  • Building facility management companies
  • Energy service companies (ESCOs)
  • Utilities
  • Government agencies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Introduction

1.2  Market Issues

1.3  Technology Issues

1.4  Product and Service Vendors

1.5  Market Forecast

2. Market Issues   

2.1  Overview

2.2  Market Segments

2.2.1   Commercial Buildings

2.2.2   Public and Institutional

2.2.3   Residential

2.2.4   New Buildings

2.2.5   Existing Buildings

2.3  Market Drivers

2.3.1   EU Energy Performance of Buildings Directive

2.3.2   EU Energy Efficiency Directive

2.3.3   EU Ecodesign Directive

2.3.4   EU Energy Labelling of Products Directive

2.3.5   EU 2050 Carbon Emissions Reduction Target

2.3.6   Cost of Energy

2.3.7   Sources of Finance

2.3.8   Green Building Ratings and Certifications

   2.3.8.1  Voluntary Assessments

   2.3.8.2  Energy Performance Certificates

2.3.9   City-Based Energy Efficiency Initiatives

   2.3.9.1  Covenant of Mayors

   2.3.9.2  Others

2.4  Market Barriers

2.4.1   Financial

2.4.2   Institutional and Administrative

2.4.3   Awareness, Advice, and Skills

2.4.4   Separation of Expenditure and Benefit

2.5  Regional and Country Analysis

2.5.1   Northwest Europe

   2.5.1.1  France

   2.5.1.2  Germany

   2.5.1.3  United Kingdom

2.5.2   Western Europe

2.5.3   Scandinavia

2.5.4   Southern Europe

2.5.5   Eastern Europe

3. Technology Issues

3.1  New Construction

3.2  Existing Building Renovation

3.2.1   Minor Retrofits

3.2.2   Moderate Retrofits

3.2.3   Deep Retrofits

3.2.4   Nearly Zero Energy

3.3  Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning

3.3.1   High-Efficiency Mechanical Systems

3.3.2   Solar Heating and Cooling

3.3.3   Passive/Mixed-Mode Systems

3.3.4   Heating and Cooling Controls

3.4  Building Fabric

3.4.1   High-Performance Glazing

3.4.2   Shades and Louvers

3.4.3   Insulation

3.5  Lighting

3.5.1   Light-Emitting Diode Lighting

3.5.2   Lighting Controls

3.6  Hot Water

3.6.1   High-Efficiency Systems

3.6.2   Water Efficiency

3.7  Building Management and Building Energy Management Systems

3.7.1   Sensors and Metering

3.7.2   Data Analysis and Modeling

3.7.3   Hardware and Controls

3.8  Tuning and Commissioning

3.8.1   Construction and Handover

3.8.2   Retro-Commissioning

3.9  ESCO

3.9.1   Energy Performance Contracting

   3.9.1.1  Guaranteed Savings Contracts

   3.9.1.2  Shared Savings Contracts

   3.9.1.3  Chauffage

   3.9.1.4  Managed Energy Savings Agreements

4. Key Industry Players 

4.1  Introduction

4.2  Large OEMs

4.2.1   BASF

4.2.2   BDR Thermea

4.2.3   Bosch Thermotechnology

4.2.4   Danfoss

4.2.5   Honeywell International

4.2.6   Johnson Controls

4.2.7   Philips

4.2.8   ROCKWOOL

4.2.9   Saint-Gobain

4.2.10   Schneider Electric

4.2.11   Siemens

4.2.12   Vaillant

4.3  Other Product and Service Providers

4.3.1   Building Products and Materials

   4.3.1.1  Ariston Thermo

   4.3.1.2  Daikin Industries

   4.3.1.3  Kingspan

   4.3.1.4  Viessmann

4.3.2   Energy and Facility Management Services

   4.3.2.1  Cofely

   4.3.2.2  Dalkia

   4.3.2.3  G4S

   4.3.2.4  Mitie

   4.3.2.5  Skanska AB

4.3.3   Software Services

   4.3.3.1  DEXMA

   4.3.3.2  Elster EnergyICT

   4.3.3.3  eSight Energy

   4.3.3.4  IBM

4.3.4   Energy Efficiency Financing

   4.3.4.1  Amber Infrastructure

   4.3.4.2  SUSI Partners

   4.3.4.3  Sustainable Development Capital

5. Market Forecasts  

5.1  Introduction

5.2  Market Expectations

5.3  European Market Forecasts

5.4  Regional Market Forecasts

5.5  Country Market Forecasts

5.5.1   France

5.5.2   Germany

5.5.3   United Kingdom

5.6  ESCO Market

5.7  Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Energy Efficient Product and Services Revenue by Product Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Final Household, Trades, and Services Energy Consumption by Country, Northwest Europe: 2006-2012
  • Commercial and Residential Building Floor Area by Country, Northwest Europe: 2013
  • Final Household, Trades, and Services Energy Consumption by Country, Western Europe*: 2006-2012
  • Commercial and Residential Building Floor Area by Country, Western Europe: 2013
  • Final Household, Trades, and Services Energy Consumption by Country, Scandinavia: 2006-2012
  • Commercial and Residential Building Floor Area by Country, Scandinavia: 2013
  • Final Household, Trades, and Services Energy Consumption by Country, Southern Europe: 2006-2012
  • Commercial and Residential Building Floor Area by Country, Southern Europe: 2013
  • Final Household, Trades, and Services Energy Consumption by Country, Eastern Europe: 2006-2012
  • Commercial and Residential Building Floor Area by Country, Eastern Europe: 2013
  • Energy Efficient HVAC and Controls Product Revenue by Building Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Product and Services Revenue by Region, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Product and Services Revenue by Product Type, France: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Product and Services Revenue by Product Type, Germany: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Product and Services Revenue by Product Type, United Kingdom: 2014-2023
  • ESCO Revenue by Region, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Lighting and Controls Product Revenue by Building Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Product and Services Revenue by Product Type, Northwest Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Product and Services Revenue by Product Type, Western Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Product and Services Revenue by Product Type, Scandinavia: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Product and Services Revenue by Product Type, Southern Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Product and Services Revenue by Product Type, Eastern Europe: 2014-2023
  • Final Energy Consumption in Building Stock by Energy Source, Europe: 1990-2009
  • CEN EPBD Standards in Use at the National Level: 2011
  • Number of Financial Instruments in Place by Country, EU: End of 2011
  • 2020 Energy Efficiency Reduction and Projected Policy Support
  • Energy Efficiency of Domestic Appliance Sales, European Union: 2011
  • Required Increase in Renovation Depth to Achieve 90% CO2 Savings by 2050
  • Covenant of Mayors Signatories
  • Assessment of European National Plans to Achieve EED Annual Energy Savings
  • Powerhouse Kjørbo, Norway
  • Optimizing Performance from Building Automation and Control Systems
  • Typical Length of Energy Performance Contracting Projects
  • Typical Energy Conservation Measures in Energy Performance Contracting Projects
  • Structure of Guaranteed Savings Agreements in Energy Performance Contracting Projects
  • Structure of Shared Savings Agreements in Energy Performance Contracting Projects

List of Tables

  • Electricity Prices for Households by Select EU Country and OECD Comparison: 2008-2013
  • European Regions and Countries
  • Final Household, Trades, and Services Energy Consumption by Country, Europe: 2006-2012
  • Commercial and Residential Building Floor Area by Country, Europe: 2013
  • Commercial and Residential Building Floor Area by Region, Europe: 2013
  • Final Household, Trades, and Services Energy Consumption by Country, Eastern Europe: 2006-2012
  • Commercial and Residential Building Floor Area by Country, Eastern Europe: 2013
  • Energy Efficient HVAC and Controls Product Revenue by Product Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient HVAC Product Revenue by Development Type, Commercial Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient HVAC Controls Product Revenue by Development Type, Commercial Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient HVAC Product Revenue by Development Type, Residential Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient HVAC Controls Product Revenue by Development Type, Residential Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient HVAC and Controls Product Revenue by Building Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient HVAC and Controls Product Revenue by Region, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Lighting and Controls Product Revenue by Product Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Lighting Product Revenue by Development Type, Commercial Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Lighting Controls Product Revenue by Development Type, Commercial Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Lighting Product Revenue by Development Type, Residential Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Lighting Controls Product Revenue by Development Type, Residential Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Lighting and Controls Product Revenue by Building Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Lighting and Controls Product Revenue by Region, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Water Heating and Water Efficiency Product Revenue by Product Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Water Heating Product Revenue by Development Type, Commercial Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Water Efficiency Product Revenue by Development Type, Commercial Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Water Heating Product Revenue by Development Type, Residential Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Water Efficiency Product Revenue by Development Type, Residential Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Water Heating and Water Efficiency Product Revenue by Building Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Water Heating and Water Efficiency Product Revenue by Region, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Insulation and Glazing Product Revenue by Product Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Insulation Product Revenue by Development Type, Commercial Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Glazing Product Revenue by Development Type, Commercial Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Insulation Product Revenue by Development Type, Residential Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Glazing Revenue by Development Type, Residential Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Insulation and Glazing Product Revenue by Building Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Insulation and Glazing Product Revenue by Region, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Management Technologies Product Revenue by Product Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient BMS Product Revenue by Development Type, Commercial Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient BEMS Product Revenue by Development Type, Commercial Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient BMS Product Revenue by Development Type, Residential Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient BEMS Revenue by Development Type, Residential Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Management Technologies Product Revenue by Building Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Management Technologies Product Revenue by Region, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficiency Services and Commissioning Revenue by Product Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient HVAC Controls Services Revenue by Development Type, Commercial Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Lighting Controls Services Revenue by Development Type, Commercial Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient BMS Services Revenue by Development Type, Commercial Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Commissioning Revenue by Development Type, Commercial Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficiency Services and Commissioning Revenue by Building Type, Commercial Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficiency Services and Commissioning Revenue by Region, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Product and Services Revenue by Product Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • ESCO Revenue by Region, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Product and Services Revenue by Product Type, Northwest Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Product and Services Revenue by Product Type, France: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Product and Services Revenue by Product Type, Germany: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Product and Services Revenue by Product Type, United Kingdom: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Product and Services Revenue by Product Type, Western Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Product and Services Revenue by Product Type, Scandinavia: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Product and Services Revenue by Product Type, Southern Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Product and Services Revenue by Product Type, Eastern Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Product and Services Revenue by Region, Europe: 2014-2023
  • European and National Green Building Certification Schemes
  • BASF SWOT Analysis
  • BDR Thermea SWOT Analysis
  • Bosch Thermotechnology SWOT Analysis
  • Danfoss SWOT Analysis
  • Honeywell SWOT Analysis
  • Johnson Controls SWOT Analysis
  • Philips SWOT Analysis
  • ROCKWOOL SWOT Analysis
  • Saint-Gobain SWOT Analysis
  • Schneider Electric SWOT Analysis
  • Siemens SWOT Analysis
  • Vaillant SWOT Analysis
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High-Voltage Transmission Systems http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/high-voltage-transmission-systems http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/high-voltage-transmission-systems#comments Thu, 14 Aug 2014 14:37:08 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=68323 Smart Utilities
The high-voltage transmission system (HVTS) market is expanding globally. Growth across Asia Pacific, Latin America, the Middle East, and Africa mimics the initial wave of electrification and transmission system growth seen during the 20th century in North America and Europe. Today, the mega-growth and electrification in China, India, and parts of the Middle East and [...]]]>
Smart Utilities

The high-voltage transmission system (HVTS) market is expanding globally. Growth across Asia Pacific, Latin America, the Middle East, and Africa mimics the initial wave of electrification and transmission system growth seen during the 20th century in North America and Europe. Today, the mega-growth and electrification in China, India, and parts of the Middle East and Africa are similar to the rapid growth of major cities and industrial expansion in the early 1900s that drove the development of HVTSs in North America and Europe.

The HVTS vendor landscape is changing as focus shifts to rebuilding and extending the HVTS to utility-scale wind and solar in remote regions and deploying geographically expansive HVTS infrastructure across regions like China, India, Latin America, the Middle East, and Africa. These efforts will create significant markets over the next decade. Meanwhile, industrial giants like Mitsubishi, Toshiba, Hyundai, Samsung, LSI, and Nexans and hundreds of smaller companies that were until recently on the fringes of the industry are joining the fight for sales in growing regional markets. Navigant Research forecasts that global annual HVTS revenue will grow from $20.8 billion in 2014 to $31.0 billion in 2023.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the global HVTS market, with a focus on seven technologies: high voltage direct current (HVDC), high-voltage alternating current (HVAC), submarine cables, flexible AC transmission systems (FACTS), transmission line monitoring, supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA), and substation automation and monitoring. The study provides an analysis of the market issues, including drivers and challenges, as well as regional trends and opportunities, related to HVTS solutions. Global market forecasts for revenue, segmented by technology and region, extend through 2023. The report also provides technical descriptions of the primary technologies that represent the main components of the HVTS grid and profiles the key industry players.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • Which technologies represent the primary components of the high-voltage transmission system (HVTS) grid?
  • How do these technologies contribute to the HVTS being a next-generation smarter grid?
  • What factors affect the implementation of the different HVTS technologies?
  • How do the market trends and opportunities related to HVTS solutions vary by region?
  • What are the primary drivers for the growth of HVTS installations and revenue?
  • How is the HVTS vendor landscape changing?
Who needs this report?
  • High-voltage transmission system (HVTS) suppliers
  • Cable and cable equipment manufacturers
  • Transmission system operators (TSOs), regional transmission organizations (RTOs), and independent system operators (ISOs)
  • Utilities
  • Government agencies and regulators
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Market Overview

1.2  Vendor Landscape

1.3  HVTS Drivers

1.4  Key HVTS Technologies

1.5  HVTS Market Forecasts

2. Market Issues  

2.1  Introduction

2.2  Market Drivers

2.2.1   Network Reliability

2.2.2   Grid Capacity

2.2.3   Generation Plant Retirements

2.2.4   Aging Infrastructure

2.2.5   Integration of Large-Scale Renewables

2.2.6   Move from Centralized to Distributed Grid Management Technologies

2.3  Market Barriers

2.3.1   Capital Requirements

2.3.2   Land Use and Eminent Domain

2.3.3   Regulatory Environment

2.4  Market Trends and Opportunities by Region

2.4.1   North America

   2.4.1.1  Regulatory Policies in the United States and Canada

   2.4.1.2  Uncertainties in the North American Market

2.4.2   Europe

   2.4.2.1  Regulatory Policies in Europe

   2.4.2.2  Uncertainties in the European Market

2.4.3   Asia Pacific

   2.4.3.1  India

      2.4.3.1.1.  Regulatory Polices in India

   2.4.3.2  China

      2.4.3.2.1.  Regulatory Policies in China

   2.4.3.3  Uncertainties in the Asia Pacific Market

2.4.4   Latin America, the Middle East, and Africa

   2.4.4.1  Brazil

   2.4.4.2  Saudi Arabia

   2.4.4.3  South Africa

3. Technology Issues

3.1  Introduction to HVTSs

3.2  HVDC Technologies

3.2.1   HVDC Technical Description

   3.2.1.1  CSCs

   3.2.1.2  VSCs

3.2.2   HVDC Recent Use Case

3.3  HVAC Technologies

3.3.1   HVAC Technical Description

3.3.2   HVAC Recent Use Case

3.4  Submarine Cable Technologies

3.4.1   Submarine Cable Technical Description

3.4.2   Submarine Cable Recent Use Case

3.5  FACTS Technologies

3.5.1   FACTS Technical Description

3.5.2   FACTS Recent Use Case

3.6  Transmission Line Monitoring Technologies

3.6.1   Transmission Line Monitoring Technical Description

   3.6.1.1  Transmission Substations

   3.6.1.2  Transformers

   3.6.1.3  Bushings

   3.6.1.4  Current Transformers and Voltage Transformers

   3.6.1.5  Relays/Intelligent Electronic Devices

   3.6.1.6  Circuit Breakers

   3.6.1.7  Batteries

   3.6.1.8  Transmission Lines

   3.6.1.9  Phasor Measurement Units/Synchrophasors

3.6.2   Transmission Line Monitoring Recent Use Cases

   3.6.2.1  AEP

   3.6.2.2  Consolidated Edison Company of New York

3.7  SCADA Technologies

3.7.1   SCADA Technical Description

3.7.2   SCADA Recent Use Case

3.8  Substation Automation and Monitoring Technologies

3.8.1   Substation Automation and Monitoring Technical Description

   3.8.1.1  Switchgear, Circuit Breakers, and Fuses

   3.8.1.2  Transformers

   3.8.1.3  Relay Technology

3.8.2   Substation Automation and Monitoring Recent Use Case

4. Key Industry Players    

4.1  Major HVTS Suppliers

4.1.1   ABB

4.1.2   Alstom

4.1.3   AMSC

4.1.4   Doble Engineering

4.1.5   GE Energy

4.1.6   LS Industrial Systems

4.1.7   S&C Electric Company

4.1.8   Siemens

4.2  Major Supporting Providers

4.2.1   Cisco Systems

4.2.2   Esri

4.2.3   LS Cable & System

4.2.4   Nexans

4.2.5   nkt cables

4.2.6   Oracle

4.2.7   OSIsoft

4.2.8   Prysmian

4.2.9   Schneider Electric

4.3  TSOs, RTOs, and ISOs

4.3.1   CAISO

4.3.2   CSG

4.3.3   ERCOT

4.3.4   ENTSO-E

4.3.5   Eskom

4.3.6   ETT

4.3.7   ISO New England

4.3.8   Midcontinent Independent System Operator

4.3.9   Oncor Electric Delivery Company

4.3.10   PJM Interconnection

4.3.11    POWERGRID

4.3.12   Southwest Power Pool

4.3.13   SGCC

4.3.14   Western Electricity Coordinating Council Reliability Coordinator

5. Market Forecasts  

5.1  Introduction

5.2  Forecast Methodology

5.2.1   HVDC

5.2.2   HVAC

5.2.3   Submarine Cable

5.2.4   FACTS

5.2.5   Transmission Line Monitoring

5.2.6   SCADA

5.2.7   Substation Automation and Monitoring

5.3  Global HVTS Market Forecast

5.3.1   North American HVTS Market

5.3.2   European HVTS Market

5.3.3   Asia Pacific HVTS Market

5.3.4   Latin American HVTS Market

5.3.5   Middle Eastern HVTS Market

5.3.6   African HVTS Market

5.4  Conclusions and Recommendations

5.5  HVTS Roadmap

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Annual HVTS Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Cumulative HVTS Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual HVTS Revenue by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual HVTS Revenue by Technology, North America: 2014-2023
  • Annual HVTS Revenue by Technology, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Annual HVTS Revenue by Technology, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • Annual HVTS Revenue by Technology, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • Annual HVTS Revenue by Technology, Middle East: 2014-2023
  • Annual HVTS Revenue by Technology, Africa: 2014-2023
  • Generation Plant Retirements, North America: 2012-2040
  • Electric Reliability Councils in the United States and Canada
  • RTOs and ISOs in North America
  • 2050 Goals for Renewable Generation, European Union: 2010-2050
  • Current ENTSO-E Countries with TSOs in the European Market
  • Planned HVTSs under Implementation, India
  • Profile of China Grid Company Transmission Grid Coverage
  • Map of SADC and Eskom Transmission Service Territory
  • Simplified HVTS Connected to Distribution System
  • Generic Converter Station Layout
  • Evolution of Converter Technology Capacity: 1970-2011
  • Shoreham HVDC Converter Station
  • Tres Amigas Hub
  • SC Implementation for CREZ Transmission Project in Texas by ETT
  • Diagram of HVDC Submarine Cable System
  • Beatrice Offshore Wind Farm and Oil Platform
  • SVC Implementation at an HVAC Transmission Substation in Peru
  • SVC Implementation at SEC’s Quwayyah Substation
  • Sensing and Monitoring in the T&D Grid, North America
  • Transmission Grid and Line Voltage, United States
  • Example of an HV Line Sensor
  • HVTS Map and Location of February 4, 2014 Disturbance, Brazil
  • HVTS Disturbance Monitoring and Post-Event Diagnosis, Brazil

List of Tables

  • Annual HVTS Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • HVTS Revenue Market Share by Region, World Markets: 2014 and 2023
  • Cumulative HVTS Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual HVTS Revenue by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Cumulative HVTS Revenue by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual HVTS Revenue by Technology, North America: 2014-2023
  • Cumulative HVTS Revenue by Technology, North America: 2014-2023
  • Annual HVTS Revenue by Technology, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Cumulative HVTS Revenue by Technology, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Annual HVTS Revenue by Technology, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • Cumulative HVTS Revenue by Technology, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • Annual HVTS Revenue by Technology, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • Cumulative HVTS Revenue by Technology, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • Annual HVTS Revenue by Technology, Middle East: 2014-2023
  • Cumulative HVTS Revenue by Technology, Middle East: 2014-2023
  • Annual HVTS Revenue by Technology, Africa: 2014-2023
  • Cumulative HVTS Revenue by Technology, Africa: 2014-2023
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Wireless Control Systems for Smart Buildings http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/wireless-control-systems-for-smart-buildings http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/wireless-control-systems-for-smart-buildings#comments Thu, 31 Jul 2014 18:48:18 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=68030 Smart Buildings
While building automation and controls have been used for decades, wireless is becoming the catalyst for enabling more granular and immediate control over building systems. Wireless controls offer economic benefits due to the savings in labor costs for installation and maintenance compared with wired systems. The ability to install sensors and devices in buildings that [...]]]>
Smart Buildings

While building automation and controls have been used for decades, wireless is becoming the catalyst for enabling more granular and immediate control over building systems. Wireless controls offer economic benefits due to the savings in labor costs for installation and maintenance compared with wired systems. The ability to install sensors and devices in buildings that cannot easily be torn apart to put in wiring (such as historical buildings) provides savings in costs, as well.

Wireless controls can be used to link devices found in a variety of building systems, including heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC), lighting, fire & life safety, and security & access. The use of wireless local networks in consumer and commercial environments has increased dramatically over the past decade. In particular, Wi-Fi technology has enabled users who found traditional networking too costly or complicated to quickly connect existing devices. Yet, although many proponents of wireless technology cite the advantage of being able to easily position and reposition devices, building owners and managers remain skeptical about reliability and security. Navigant Research forecasts that global revenue from wireless nodes for building controls will grow from $84.8 million in 2013 to $434.0 million in 2023.

This Navigant Research report examines the state of the global wireless building controls industry with a focus on commercial buildings and four system types: HVAC, lighting, fire & life safety, and security & access. The study provides an analysis of the market drivers and opportunities, as well as technical challenges, related to wireless building controls. Global market forecasts for wireless node unit shipments and revenue, broken out by region, wireless technology, system, and device, extend through 2023. The report also examines the development of both propriety and standards-based wireless technologies and provides profiles of key industry players, including lighting controls vendors, wireless controls solutions providers, and enabling technology suppliers.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • How many wireless nodes will be deployed in the global wireless building controls market through 2023?
  • How will annual unit shipments of wireless nodes vary by region, wireless technology, and system and device type?
  • What types of devices are likely to be wireless?
  • Which building functions or applications will benefit the most from wireless controls?
  • What are the primary wireless technologies used in wireless building controls installations around the world?
Who needs this report?
  • Building controls integrators
  • Wireless controls vendors
  • Wired building controls manufacturers
  • Building energy management system providers
  • Commercial building managers and operators
  • Industry associations
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Wireless Building Controls

1.2  Market Drivers

1.3  Key Technologies

1.4  Opportunities and Challenges

2. Market Issues  

2.1  Overview of Wireless Building Controls

2.2  Market Drivers for Wireless Building Controls

2.2.1   Cost Considerations

   2.2.1.1  Wireless Module Costs

   2.2.1.2  Labor Costs for Pulling Wire

   2.2.1.3  Copper

   2.2.1.4  Operational Disruptions

   2.2.1.5  Technical Support Costs

   2.2.1.6  Cost Analysis of Wired and Wireless Deployments

2.2.2   Flexibility

2.2.3   Layout and Space Design Considerations

2.2.4   Productivity Considerations

2.2.5   Adherence to Building Codes and Green Certifications

   2.2.5.1  California Code of Regulations, Title 24

   2.2.5.2  ANSI/ASHRAE/IES Standard 90.1

2.2.6   New Buildings versus Retrofits

   2.2.6.1  New Buildings

   2.2.6.2  Building Retrofits

      2.2.6.2.1.  Use in Historical Structures or Challenging Installation Environments

2.2.7   Reduction of Maintenance and Operational Costs

2.2.8   Security

2.3  Market Opportunities for Wireless Building Controls

2.3.1   Current Utilization Levels and Scenarios

   2.3.1.1  HVAC

   2.3.1.2  Lighting

   2.3.1.3  Fire & Life Safety

   2.3.1.4  Security & Access Control

2.4  Technical Challenges

2.5  Environmental Considerations

2.6  Future Utilization

2.7  Changes in Wireless Supplier Landscape

3. Technology Issues

3.1  Building Controls Architectures Overview

3.1.1   BASs

3.1.2   BMSs

3.2  Types of Automation Protocols

3.2.1   BACnet

3.2.2   LonWorks

3.2.3   KNX

3.2.4   DALI

3.2.5   Modbus

3.2.6   oBIX

3.2.7   Metasys N2

3.3  Proprietary versus Open Standards

3.3.1    Evolution toward IP Networking

3.3.1.1     Potential IP Standard

3.4  Types of Wireless Communications Architectures and Designs

3.4.1   Point-to-Point

3.4.2   Point-to-Multipoint

3.4.3   Mesh

3.5  Technology Considerations

3.5.1   Data Throughput

3.5.2   Transmit Power and Range

3.5.3   Frequency Ranges

3.5.4   Security

3.5.5   Configurability

3.5.6   Interference with Other Systems

3.5.7   Reliability

3.5.8   Power Consumption

3.5.9   Energy Harvesting Capabilities

3.6  Wireless Technologies Not Suitable for Commercial Building Controls

3.7  Wireless Communications Technologies for Smart Buildings

3.7.1   Sub-GHz Proprietary Solutions

3.7.2   ZigBee

   3.7.2.1  Technology

   3.7.2.2  ZigBee Device Types

   3.7.2.3  Power Consumption

   3.7.2.4  ZigBee Application Profiles

      3.7.2.4.1.   ZBA

   3.7.2.5  ZigBee PRO and Green Power

   3.7.2.6  ZigBee IP

3.7.3   EnOcean

   3.7.3.1  Technology

3.7.4   Wi-Fi

   3.7.4.1  Technology

   3.7.4.2  Challenges

3.7.5   Z-Wave

3.7.6   Bluetooth

3.8  Embedded Modules Controls

3.9  Typical Configuration Scenarios

3.9.1   Separate Systems Using Gateways

3.9.2   Fully Integrated and Interoperable

3.10  Emerging Wireless Technology

4. Key Industry Players 

4.1  Overview

4.2  Leading Wireless Lighting Controls Vendors

4.2.1   Acuity Brands, Inc.

4.2.2   Leviton Manufacturing Co., Inc.

4.2.3   Lutron Electronics Co., Inc.

4.2.4   WattStopper

4.3  Leading Global Equipment and Service Providers

4.3.1   Honeywell International Inc.

4.3.2   Johnson Controls, Inc.

4.3.3   Schneider Electric SA

4.3.4   Siemens Building Technologies

4.3.5   Trane

4.4  Selected Lighting Controls Solutions Providers

4.4.1   Crestron Electronics

4.4.2   Daintree Networks, Inc.

4.4.3   Digital Lumens Inc.

4.4.4   Electronic Theatre Controls, Inc.

4.4.5   Enlighted Inc.

4.4.6   GE Total Lighting Control

4.4.7   Hubbell Building Automation

4.4.8   OSRAM GmbH

4.5  Selected Wireless Controls Providers

4.5.1   Echoflex Solutions

4.5.2   Seldera

4.5.3   Thermokon Sensortechnik

4.5.4   WEMS International

4.6  Enabling Technology Suppliers

4.6.1   EnOcean GmbH

4.6.2   Freescale Semiconductor

4.6.3   GainSpan

4.6.4   NXP Semiconductors (Jennic)

4.6.5   Silicon Laboratories, Inc.

4.7  Industry Associations

5. Market Forecasts 

5.1  Forecast Methodology

5.2  Forecast Assumptions

5.3  Worldwide Forecasts

5.4  North America Forecasts

5.5  Europe Forecasts

5.6  Asia Pacific Forecasts

5.7  Rest of World Forecasts

5.8  Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Wireless Node Revenue by System Type, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Historical Copper Production and Reserves, World Markets: 2004-2013
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by System Type, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Wireless HVAC Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Lighting Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Fire & Life Safety Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Security & Access Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by System Type, North America: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology, North America: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Revenue by Wireless Technology, North America: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by System Type, Europe: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology, Europe: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Revenue by Wireless Technology, Europe: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by System Type, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Revenue by Wireless Technology, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by System Type, Rest of World: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology, Rest of World: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Revenue by Wireless Technology, Rest of World: 2013-2023
  • Meredith College Sensor and Control System Quotes
  • Example HVAC BAS Components
  • Schematic of System Definitions
  • Building Control Networking Layer Comparison
  • BACnet Collapsed Architecture
  • Modbus Protocol Stack
  • IP Stack Overview
  • Standard Network Star Topology
  • ZigBee Network Topology
  • Leviton EnOcean-Powered Wireless Occupancy Sensor
  • Wireless Configuration Scenarios

List of Tables

  • Frequency Ranges Used in Building Wireless Systems
  • Comparison of Wireless Communications Protocols
  • Acuity Brands SWOT Analysis
  • Leviton SWOT Analysis
  • Lutron SWOT Analysis
  • WattStopper SWOT Analysis
  • Industry Associations
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology and System Type, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Revenue by Wireless Technology and System Type, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Revenue by Wireless Technology, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Controls Penetration Rate by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by System Type, North America: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Device Type and System Type, North America: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology and System Type, North America: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Revenue by Wireless Technology and System Type, North America: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology, North America: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Revenue by Wireless Technology, North America: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by System Type, Europe: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Device Type and System Type, Europe: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology and System Type, Europe: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Revenue by Wireless Technology and System Type, Europe: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology, Europe: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Revenue by Wireless Technology, Europe: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by System Type, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Device Type and System Type, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology and System Type, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Revenue by Wireless Technology and System Type, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Revenue by Wireless Technology, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by System Type, Rest of World: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Device Type and System Type, Rest of World: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology and System Type, Rest of World: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Revenue by Wireless Technology and System Type, Rest of World: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology, Rest of World: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Revenue by Wireless Technology, Rest of World: 2013-2023
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