Navigant Research » Research http://www.navigantresearch.com Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:20:23 +0000 en-US hourly 1 http://wordpress.org/?v=3.8.1 Smart Grid Networking and Communications http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/smart-grid-networking-and-communications http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/smart-grid-networking-and-communications#comments Thu, 30 Oct 2014 17:40:42 +0000 https://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=70298 Smart Utilities
If smart grid technology is the path to a greener, more efficient, and reliable power system, then communications technologies can be thought of as the highway that will lead the industry there. And where the road was once narrow, unpaved, and reached only critical substations, today it is being widened and extended to reach all [...]]]>
Smart Utilities

If smart grid technology is the path to a greener, more efficient, and reliable power system, then communications technologies can be thought of as the highway that will lead the industry there. And where the road was once narrow, unpaved, and reached only critical substations, today it is being widened and extended to reach all the way to customer premises, as well as accommodate many more and larger travelers (data and applications) moving at ever higher speeds.

Although communications in the grid are not a new phenomenon, the demands upon these communications networks are growing and changing rapidly. Meanwhile, the need for security in these networks has never been greater, as the increased connectivity of critical grid infrastructure creates potential vulnerabilities. The market for smart grid networking and communications technology thus includes a growing number of competitors with a multitude of solutions and equipment. Yet, even as new or upgraded solutions are unveiled, the market is moving toward a smaller number of standards for most major applications: advanced metering infrastructure (AMI), distribution automation (DA), and substation automation (SA). According to Navigant Research, cumulative global revenue for smart grid communications networking and communications equipment is expected to amount to more than $29 billion between 2014 and 2023.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the global market for smart grid networking and communications technology. The study provides a detailed analysis of market drivers and challenges, technical considerations, and key infrastructure vendors and service providers associated with communications infrastructure and services for smart grid applications. Global market forecasts for shipments, average selling prices (ASPs), and revenue, segmented by application, device type, technology, and region, extend through 2023. The report also examines spectrum availability and cyber security requirements, as well as regional factors affecting relative shares among the major communications technologies.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • Which smart grid communications platforms are gaining share – and in which markets?
  • What are the key market drivers behind smart grid applications and what are their communications requirements?
  • What are the technical specifications for the major smart grid communications platforms?
  • Where are public communications platforms – wired and wireless – gaining the most ground?
  • Where are private, utility-owned solutions still the leading choice?
  • How large is the market for smart grid communications and how quickly will it grow over the next decade?
Who needs this report?
  • Smart grid communications infrastructure vendors
  • Communications service providers
  • Cyber security vendors
  • Grid sensor vendors
  • Utilities
  • Regulators and policymakers
  • Government agencies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Introduction to Smart Grid Networking and Communications

1.2  Emerging Trends and Market Drivers

1.3  Market Forecast

2. Market Issues 

2.1  Smart Grid Communications Market Overview

2.2  AMI

2.2.1   Smart Metering Communications Requirements

2.3  DA

2.3.1   DA Communications Requirements

2.4  SA

2.4.1   SCADA Systems

2.4.2   Physical Security

2.4.3   Workforce Communications

2.4.4   SA Communications Requirements

2.5  Derivative Smart Grid Applications

2.5.1   Outage and Fault Management and Outage Restoration Services

2.5.2   Asset Management and Monitoring

2.5.3   Distributed and Alternative Generation Integration

2.5.4   DR

2.5.5   Contingency and Capacity Planning

2.5.6   Workforce Automation

2.5.7   Transactive Energy

2.6  Emerging Trends in Smart Grid Communications

2.6.1   Distributed Intelligence

2.6.2   Growing Demand for LV Network Monitoring

2.6.3   Certain Communications Technologies Becoming Clear Leaders

2.6.4   Push for Interoperability and Standardization

2.6.5   Resistance to Public Cellular Is Declining

2.6.6   PLC Falling Out of Favor in North America; Still the Standard in Europe and China

2.6.7   Changeout of Legacy Telephone Company Connections

2.6.8   International Electrotechnical Commission 61850

2.6.9   Spectrum Alignment for Wireless and Utility Allocations

3. Technology Issues

3.1  Introduction

3.2  Private versus Public Communications Networks

3.3  Public Wired Technologies

3.3.1   Leased Lines

3.3.2   T-1/Time Division Multiplexing Technology

3.4  Public Wireless Technologies

3.4.1   2G/3G Cellular

3.4.2   4G Cellular

3.5  Private Wired Technologies

3.5.1   Fiber Optic Communications

   3.5.1.1  Chattanooga – EPB Case Study

3.5.2   Dedicated Copper Communications

3.5.3   PLC

3.6  Private Wireless Technologies

3.6.1   Proprietary RF Mesh

3.6.2   Wi-Fi

   3.6.2.1  Silicon Valley Power Case Study

3.6.3   Microwave Pt2Pt Links

3.6.4   Proprietary Pt2MPt Communications

3.6.5   Private WiMAX

   3.6.5.1  Wake Electric Cooperative Case Study

3.6.6   Private LTE

   3.6.6.1  GMP Case Study

3.6.7   Satellite Communications

   3.6.7.1  SCE Case Study

3.6.8   Summary Comparisons of Leading Smart Grid Technologies

3.7  Smart Grid Communications Regional Trends

3.7.1   North America

3.7.2   Europe

3.7.3   Asia Pacific

3.7.4   Latin America and the Middle East & Africa

3.8  Communications Security Issues

3.8.1   NERC-CIP v5

4. Key Industry Players   

4.1  Technology and Equipment Vendors

4.1.1   Aclara

4.1.2   Alcatel-Lucent

4.1.3   Cisco Systems

4.1.4   Elster Group

4.1.5   Ericsson

4.1.6   GE Digital Energy

4.1.7   iDirect, Inc.

4.1.8   Itron, Inc.

4.1.9   Landis+Gyr

4.1.10   OnRamp Wireless

4.1.11   RAD Data Communications

4.1.12   RuggedCom (Siemens)

4.1.13   S&C Electric

4.1.14   Sensus

4.1.15   Silver Spring Networks

4.1.16   Tantalus Systems Corp.

4.1.17   Trilliant, Inc.

4.1.18   Tropos Networks (ABB)

4.2  Communications Service Providers

4.2.1   AT&T

4.2.2   Sprint

4.2.3   Verizon Communications

4.3  Other Industry Participants

5. Market Forecasts

5.1  Global Market Forecast Definitions

5.2  Global Market Forecast Methodology

5.3  Global Smart Grid Communications Node Market Forecast

5.4  North America Smart Grid Communications Node Market Forecast

5.5  Europe Smart Grid Communications Node Market Forecast

5.6  Asia Pacific Smart Grid Communications Node Market Forecast

5.7  Latin America Smart Grid Communications Node Market Forecast

5.8  Middle East & Africa Smart Grid Communications Node Market Forecast

5.9  Conclusions and Recommendations

5.9.1   Recommendations for Smart Grid Communications Networking Solutions Vendors

5.9.2    Recommendations for Utilities

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Communications Node Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Communications Node Revenue by Device Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Communications Node Unit Shipment Share by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Communications Node Revenue by Device Type, North America: 2014-2023
  • Communications Node Unit Shipment Share by Technology, North America: 2014-2023
  • Communications Node Revenue by Device Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Communications Node Unit Shipment Share by Technology, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Communications Node Revenue by Device Type, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • Communications Node Unit Shipment Share by Technology, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • Communications Node Revenue by Device Type, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • Communications Node Unit Shipment Share by Technology, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • Communications Node Revenue by Device Type, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
  • Communications Node Unit Shipment Share by Technology, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
  • Simplified Grid Transmission and Distribution System
  • Typical Smart Meter Network Architecture
  • Participants in a TE System
  • Example of a SONET/SDH Application in a Utility Network
  • Mesh Network Configurations
  • Star Network Configuration
  • Example of a WiMAX Smart Grid Architecture
  • NERC Regional Entities
  • NERC-CIP v5 Transition Timeline
  • Simplified Smart Grid Communications Architecture

List of Tables

  • Smart Grid Communications Requirement Descriptions
  • Utility Benefits from AMI Deployments
  • Smart Metering NAN and AMI-WAN Communications Requirements
  • DA Communications Requirements
  • SA Communications Requirements
  • PLC Technologies
  • RF Mesh Vendors and Technology
  • Relative Comparison of Smart Grid Communications
  • NERC-CIP v5 Standards
  • NERC Regional Entities
  • Networking Communications and Software Systems Vendors, World Markets
  • Forecasted Communications Technologies
  • Smart Grid Networking Devices
  • Communications Node Unit Shipments by Application, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Communications Node Unit Shipments by Device Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Communications Node Average Selling Price by Device Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Communications Node Revenue by Device Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • AMI-NAN Node Unit Shipments by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • AMI-WAN Node Unit Shipments by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • DA-WAN Node Unit Shipments by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • SA-WAN Node Unit Shipments by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • All Node Unit Shipments by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • All Node Unit Shipments Share by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Communications Node Unit Shipments by Application, North America: 2014-2023
  • Communications Node Unit Shipments by Device Type, North America: 2014-2023
  • Communications Node Average Selling Price by Device Type, North America: 2014-2023
  • Communications Node Revenue by Device Type, North America: 2014-2023
  • AMI-NAN Node Unit Shipments by Technology, North America: 2014-2023
  • AMI-WAN Node Unit Shipments by Technology, North America: 2014-2023
  • DA-WAN Node Unit Shipments by Technology, North America: 2014-2023
  • SA-WAN Node Unit Shipments by Technology, North America: 2014-2023
  • All Node Unit Shipments by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Communications Node Unit Shipments by Application, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Communications Node Unit Shipments by Device Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Communications Node Average Selling Price by Device Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Communications Node Revenue by Device Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • AMI-NAN Node Unit Shipments by Technology, Europe: 2014-2023
  • AMI-WAN Node Unit Shipments by Technology, Europe: 2014-2023
  • DA-WAN Node Unit Shipments by Technology, Europe: 2014-2023
  • SA-WAN Node Unit Shipments by Technology, Europe: 2014-2023
  • All Node Unit Shipment Share by Technology, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Communications Node Unit Shipments by Application, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • Communications Node Unit Shipments by Device Type, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • Communications Node Average Selling Price by Device Type, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • Communications Node Revenue by Device Type, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • AMI-NAN Node Unit Shipments by Technology, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • AMI-WAN Node Unit Shipments by Technology, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • DA-WAN Node Unit Shipments by Technology, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • SA-WAN Node Unit Shipments by Technology, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • All Node Unit Shipment Share by Technology, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • Communications Node Unit Shipments by Application, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • Communications Node Unit Shipments by Device Type, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • Communications Node Average Selling Price by Device Type, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • Communications Node Revenue by Device Type, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • AMI-NAN Node Unit Shipments by Technology, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • AMI-WAN Node Unit Shipments by Technology, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • DA-WAN Node Unit Shipments by Technology, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • SA-WAN Node Unit Shipments by Technology, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • All Node Unit Shipment Share by Technology, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • Communications Node Unit Shipments by Application, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
  • Communications Node Unit Shipments by Device Type, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
  • Communications Node Average Selling Price by Device Type, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
  • Communications Node Revenue by Device Type, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
  • AMI-NAN Node Unit Shipments by Technology, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
  • AMI-WAN Node Unit Shipments by Technology, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
  • DA-WAN Node Unit Shipments by Technology, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
  • SA-WAN Node Unit Shipments by Technology, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
  • All Node Unit Shipment Share by Technology, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
  • AMI-NAN Communications Node Unit Shipments by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • AMI-WAN Communications Node Unit Shipments by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • DA-WAN Communications Node Unit Shipments by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • SA-WAN Communications Node Unit Shipments by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • AMI Node Unit Shipments and Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • AMI Concentrator Unit Shipments and Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Network Interface Converter Unit Shipments and Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Substation Router Unit Shipments and Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Substation Ethernet Switch Unit Shipments and Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • WAN Backbone Unit Shipments and Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Generalized Grid Router Unit Shipments and Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Smart Grid Communications Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
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Demand Response for Commercial & Industrial Markets http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/demand-response-for-commercial-industrial-markets http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/demand-response-for-commercial-industrial-markets#comments Fri, 24 Oct 2014 15:16:23 +0000 https://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=70166 Smart Utilities
Demand response (DR) is a concept that harkens back to the 1970s, when it was first employed in the United States. At that time, DR was implemented as a component of the energy conservation focus of demand-side management (DSM) programs to encourage consumers to use less electricity during peak hours or to shift their energy [...]]]>
Smart Utilities

Demand response (DR) is a concept that harkens back to the 1970s, when it was first employed in the United States. At that time, DR was implemented as a component of the energy conservation focus of demand-side management (DSM) programs to encourage consumers to use less electricity during peak hours or to shift their energy use to off-peak times. Utilities have offered interruptible rates to commercial and industrial (C&I) customers for many years.

Since 2010, C&I DR programs have matured in the electricity market and have been afforded the opportunity to bid directly against generation. However, they have also fallen under greater scrutiny. As DR has become a larger part of the resource base, regulators and other market participants are calling for tighter requirements to ensure reliable operations and efficient markets. There are general economic market factors, like low natural gas prices and coal and nuclear retirements, that affect the growth path of DR, as well. Currently, almost all of the C&I DR activity is taking place in the United States. This leadership position is expected to erode over the next 10 years, though, as all world regions continue or start the pilot phase of DR and then build out full-scale markets or programs. According to Navigant Research, global C&I DR capacity is expected to grow from 26.8 GW in 2014 to 132.3 GW in 2023.

This Navigant Research report examines the C&I DR market in five major geographic regions. The study provides an analysis of the major market drivers and barriers, as well as global market players and dynamics, associated with C&I DR. Global market forecasts for C&I DR capacity, sites, and revenue, broken out by segment and region, extend through 2023. The report also examines the key technologies related to C&I DR, as well as the competitive landscape.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • What market drivers are incentivizing commercial and industrial (C&I) demand response (DR) to expand in the United States and abroad?
  • What factors may inhibit global C&I DR expansion?
  • What new technologies are enabling C&I DR to increase its penetration in the market?
  • Who are the major competitors in the C&I DR arenas?
  • How fast will C&I DR grow in various regions around the world through 2023?
Who needs this report?
  • Demand response management system (DRMS) vendors
  • Curtailment service providers (CSPs)
  • Independent system operators/ regional transmission organizations (ISOs/RTOs)
  • Utilities
  • Large commercial and industrial (C&I) customers
  • Government agencies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Introduction to Commercial and Industrial Demand Response

1.2  DR Market Drivers and Barriers

1.3  Technology Evolution in the DR Market

1.4  DR Market Size and Forecast

2. Market Issues 

2.1  History and Evolutionary Path of Demand Response in the United States

2.2  Definition of DR

2.2.1   Navigant Research Definition

2.3  Commercial Building DR

2.3.1   Types of Commercial Customers

2.4  Industrial Facility DR

2.4.1   Industrial Market Segments

2.5  DR Market Barriers

2.5.1   Market Rules and Comparability

2.5.2   Changes in DR Event Patterns

2.5.3   Natural Saturation

2.5.4   Compliance Risk

2.5.5   Environmental Compliance

2.5.6   Broader Market Trends

2.6  DR Market Drivers

2.6.1   Coal and Nuclear Plant Retirements

2.6.2   Grid Modernization

2.6.3   Ancillary Services Markets

2.6.4   Renewable Energy Integration

2.6.5   Automated DR

2.6.6   Dynamic Pricing

2.6.7   Demand Management

2.6.8   Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED)

2.6.9   EVs

3. Global DR Market Players and Dynamics  

3.1  Introduction

3.2  North America

3.2.1   FERC

   3.2.1.1  FERC Orders 745 and 755

   3.2.1.2  FERC DR Compliance Activities

3.2.2   PJM

   3.2.2.1  Capacity Market

   3.2.2.2  Ancillary Services Markets

3.2.3   NYISO

   3.2.3.1  Capacity Market

   3.2.3.2  Other Markets

   3.2.3.3  Con Edison

3.2.4   ISO-NE

   3.2.4.1  Capacity Market

   3.2.4.2  Winter Reliability Program

   3.2.4.3  Ancillary Services Markets

3.2.5   Texas

   3.2.5.1  Other DR Players in Texas

3.2.6   California

   3.2.6.1  California Title 24

3.2.7   Midcontinent Independent System Operator

3.2.8   Vertically Integrated Utilities

3.2.9   Advanced Energy Management Alliance

3.2.10   Canada

3.3  Europe

3.3.1   Regulatory Barriers

3.3.2   Climate Change Concerns

3.3.3   Intermittent Renewables

3.3.4   Capacity Markets

3.3.5   European Players

   3.3.5.1  European Commission

   3.3.5.2  TSOs and Distribution Network Operators

   3.3.5.3  Smart Energy Demand Coalition

   3.3.5.4  France

   3.3.5.5  Germany

   3.3.5.6  Ireland

   3.3.5.7  Switzerland

   3.3.5.8  United Kingdom

3.4  Asia Pacific

3.4.1   China

3.4.2   Japan

3.4.3   South Korea

   3.4.3.1  KEPCO

3.4.4   Australia and New Zealand

   3.4.4.1  TransGrid

   3.4.4.2  Ergon Energy

3.4.5   Singapore

3.5  Middle East & Africa

4. Technology Issues

4.1  Introduction

4.2  Commercial DR Technology

4.3  Industrial DR Technology

4.4  Types of Technologies

4.4.1   Constellation’s VirtuWatt Link

4.5  DRMSs

5. Key Industry Players  

5.1  Introduction

5.2  Major National and International C&I DR Providers

5.2.1   Comverge

5.2.2   Constellation Energy

5.2.3   EnerNOC

5.2.4   Honeywell International

5.2.5   Schneider Electric

5.3  Smaller and Regional C&I DR Providers

5.3.1   Demansys Energy

5.3.2   Direct Energy

5.3.3   ENBALA Power Networks

5.3.4   Energy Curtailment Specialists

5.3.5   Johnson Controls, Inc.

5.3.6   KiWi Power

5.3.7   Powerit Solutions

5.3.8   REGEN Energy

5.3.9   Siemens

5.4  Other Industry Participants

6. Market Forecasts 

6.1  Forecast Introduction

6.2  Assumptions Guiding this Forecast

6.3  A Note on Report Scope and Market Sizing

6.4  Global C&I DR Capacity

6.5  Global C&I DR Sites

6.6  Global DR Revenue

6.7  Conclusions and Recommendations

7. Company Directory
8. Acronym and Abbreviation List
9. Table of Contents
10. Table of Charts and Figures
11. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • C&I DR Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Share of C&I DR Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014
  • Share of C&I DR Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2023
  • CAGR of C&I DR Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Industrial DR Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Commercial DR Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • C&I DR Sites by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Industrial DR Sites by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Commercial DR Sites by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • C&I DR Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Industrial DR Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Commercial DR Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • DR in Europe: 2013-2014
  • C&I Automated DR Process Flow

List of Tables

  • U.S. Utilities Offering DR Programs Outside of RTO/ISO Markets
  • Comverge SWOT Analysis
  • Constellation SWOT Analysis
  • EnerNOC SWOT Analysis
  • Honeywell SWOT Analysis
  • Schneider Electric SWOT Analysis
  • Other Industry Participants
  • C&I DR Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Industrial DR Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Commercial DR Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • C&I DR Sites by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Industrial DR Sites by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Commercial DR Sites by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • C&I DR Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Industrial DR Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Commercial DR Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Share of C&I DR Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014 and 2023
  • Year-to-Year Growth of C&I DR Capacity, World Markets: 2015-2023
  • CAGR of C&I DR Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Year-to-Year Growth of C&I DR Revenue, World Markets: 2015-2023
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Electric Vehicle Market Forecasts http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/electric-vehicle-market-forecasts http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/electric-vehicle-market-forecasts#comments Wed, 22 Oct 2014 18:17:06 +0000 https://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=70129 Smart TransportationTransportation Forecast
The rapidly changing market for electric vehicles (EVs), which includes hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and battery electric vehicles (HEVs, PHEVs, and BEVs), is a small but important part of the global automotive industry. Governments worldwide are keen to see increasing penetrations of EVs due to the environmental, economic, and energy security benefits they provide. Consequently, governments [...]]]>
Smart TransportationTransportation Forecast

The rapidly changing market for electric vehicles (EVs), which includes hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and battery electric vehicles (HEVs, PHEVs, and BEVs), is a small but important part of the global automotive industry. Governments worldwide are keen to see increasing penetrations of EVs due to the environmental, economic, and energy security benefits they provide. Consequently, governments have both pushed automakers to develop EVs and incentivized citizens to buy them.

Furthermore, the market for vehicles that reduce fuel consumption is becoming more competitive due to other fuel efficient and alternative fuel technologies. Of note are fuel efficiency advances made to conventional internal combustion engines (ICEs) through stop-start technologies, the use of lightweight materials for body panels and chassis, engine downsizing, and growing interest in diesel. Growth in HEV, PHEV, and BEV platforms will be contingent upon expanding EV availability outside of the small hatchback segment into larger vehicle formats such as SUVs and trucks. According to Navigant Research, the global light duty EV market is expected to grow from 2.7 million vehicle sales in 2014 to 6.4 million in 2023 under a base scenario.

This Navigant Research report provides forecasts, market sizing, and market share analysis for the overall light duty vehicle (LDV) market and light duty HEVs, PHEVs, and BEVs. Global forecasts for annual LDV sales and vehicles in use, segmented by scenario (conservative, base, and aggressive), world region, key country, drivetrain, class, and automaker, extend through 2023. Also provided are forecasts by automaker and vehicle class (luxury vs. economy), along with discussion of the underlying forecast assumptions such as lithium ion (Li-ion) energy density, Li-ion battery prices, and retail fuel prices.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • How will the growth rates of light duty hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), and battery electric vehicles (BEVs) vary by region and country through 2023?
  • How many light duty HEVs, PHEVs, and BEVs will be on the roads through 2023?
  • What are the key factors driving growth in the light duty electric vehicle (EV) market?
  • How will light duty HEV, PHEV, and BEV sales be affected by other fuel efficient and alternative fuel technologies?
  • Which HEV, PHEV, and BEV models are expected to be launched between 2014 and 2016?
  • What are the current government policies regarding EVs and how will changes affect sales?
  • How will fuel prices and advances in lithium ion (Li-ion) batteries affect light duty EV sales?
Who needs this report?
  • Automotive OEMs
  • Electric vehicle (EV) component manufacturers and suppliers
  • EV charging equipment manufacturers
  • Energy service companies (ESCOs)
  • Utilities
  • Government agencies
  • Industry associations
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Introduction

1.2  Report Scope and Definitions

1.3  Market Forecasts

2. Data Assumptions 

2.1  Background

2.2  Report Scope and Definitions

2.3  LDV Market Forecast Methodology

2.4  EV Market Forecast Methodology

2.4.1   Automaker EV Roadmaps

   2.4.1.1  Strategy

   2.4.1.2  Body Type and Class

   2.4.1.3  Presence

   2.4.1.4  EV Availability

2.4.2   EV ROI

   2.4.2.1  Vehicle Pricing

   2.4.2.2  Government Policy

   2.4.2.3  Fuel Prices

   2.4.2.4  Vehicle Characteristics

3. Market Forecasts

3.1  LDVs

3.2  EVs

3.2.1   HEVs

   3.2.1.1  Forecasts by Geography

   3.2.1.2  Forecasts by Automaker

3.2.2   PEVs

   3.2.2.1  Forecasts by Geography

   3.2.2.2  Forecasts by Automaker

3.3  Conclusions and Recommendations

4. Acronym and Abbreviation List
5. Table of Contents
6. Table of Charts and Figures
7. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Light Duty EV Sales by Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Li-Ion Battery Prices by Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Price of Crude Oil by Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Li-Ion Battery Energy Density by Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty Vehicle Sales by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty PEV Market Share by Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty HEV Sales by Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty HEV Market Share by Country, World Markets: 2014
  • Light Duty PEV Sales vs. HEV Sales, Base Scenario, China: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty HEV Market Share by Automaker, World Markets: 2014
  • Light Duty Luxury HEV Market Share by Automaker, World Markets: 2014
  • Light Duty PEV Sales by Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty PEV Market Share by Country, World Markets: 2014
  • Light Duty PEV Sales by Country, Base Scenario, Top Five European Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty PEV Market Share by Automaker, World Markets: 2014
  • Luxury Light Duty PEV Sales by Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Tesla Light Duty PEV Sales by Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty Vehicles in Use by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty BEV Sales by Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty PHEV Sales by Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty PEVs in Use by Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty BEVs in Use by Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty PHEVs in Use by Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty HEVs in Use by Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luxury Light Duty BEV Sales by Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luxury Light Duty PHEV Sales by Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luxury Light Duty HEV Sales by Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty PEV Sales by Automaker, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty PEV Sales by Automaker, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty PEV Sales by Automaker, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023

List of Tables

  • Anticipated HEV, PHEV, and BEV Launches, North America: 2014-2016
  • Anticipated HEV, PHEV, and BEV Launches, Europe: 2014-2016
  • Anticipated HEV, PHEV, and BEV Launches, Asia Pacific: 2014-2016
  • Light Duty HEV, PHEV, and BEV Incentives by Country, World Markets: 2014
  • Average Gasoline Price by Region, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Average Gasoline Price by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Average Gasoline Price by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Price of Crude Oil by Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Li-Ion Battery Prices by Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Li-Ion Battery Energy Density by Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty Vehicle Sales by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty Vehicles in Use by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty PEV Sales by Region, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty BEV Sales by Region, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty PHEV Sales by Region, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty HEV Sales by Region, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty PEV Sales by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty BEV Sales by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty PHEV Sales by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty HEV Sales by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty PEV Sales by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty BEV Sales by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty PHEV Sales by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty HEV Sales by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty PEVs in Use by Region, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty BEVs in Use by Region, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty PHEVs in Use by Region, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty HEVs in Use by Region, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty PEVs in Use by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty BEVs in Use by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty PHEVs in Use by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty HEVs in Use by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty PEVs in Use by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty BEVs in Use by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty PHEVs in Use by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty HEVs in Use by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luxury Light Duty Vehicle Sales by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luxury Light Duty PEV Sales by Region, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luxury Light Duty BEV Sales by Region, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luxury Light Duty PHEV Sales by Region, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luxury Light Duty HEV Sales by Region, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luxury Light Duty PEV Sales by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luxury Light Duty BEV Sales by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luxury Light Duty PHEV Sales by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luxury Light Duty HEV Sales by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luxury Light Duty PEV Sales by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luxury Light Duty BEV Sales by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luxury Light Duty PHEV Sales by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luxury Light Duty HEV Sales by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty PEV Sales by Automaker, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty BEV Sales by Automaker, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty PHEV Sales by Automaker, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty HEV Sales by Automaker, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty PEV Sales by Automaker, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty BEV Sales by Automaker, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty PHEV Sales by Automaker, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty HEV Sales by Automaker, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty PEV Sales by Automaker, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty BEV Sales by Automaker, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty PHEV Sales by Automaker, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty HEV Sales by Automaker, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
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Smart Cities and the Energy Cloud http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/smart-cities-and-the-energy-cloud http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/smart-cities-and-the-energy-cloud#comments Thu, 09 Oct 2014 16:11:51 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=69697 Smart Cities
The electricity utility was developed to deliver power to the growing cities of the 20th century. Energy is of even greater importance to cities in the 21st century, but there are new challenges in terms of ensuring the sustainability and reliability of energy supplies. While energy networks underpin the digital city, the sources of that [...]]]>
Smart Cities

The electricity utility was developed to deliver power to the growing cities of the 20th century. Energy is of even greater importance to cities in the 21st century, but there are new challenges in terms of ensuring the sustainability and reliability of energy supplies. While energy networks underpin the digital city, the sources of that energy are being examined closely. Cities are also looking at how efficiently energy is being used as they strive to reduce both greenhouse gas emissions and energy costs.

The smart city concept is a label for the dramatic changes occurring at both the local and global level in the nature of urbanization; the energy cloud performs a similar function for the radical changes happening in the energy market. As a concept, the energy cloud represents a wide range of technical, commercial, environmental, and regulatory changes that are transforming the traditional utility model for energy provision. Cities are recognizing the importance – and the opportunity – offered by these changes in energy infrastructure and the global energy markets.

This Navigant Research white paper examines the critical issues facing cities and utilities as they develop the energy policies needed in the century of the city. The emerging vision is of smart cities that integrate large and small-scale energy initiatives ranging from improvements in national infrastructure through citywide energy efficiency programs to local energy generation.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • How are the energy needs of cities changing?
  • How can cities benefit from new opportunities in the energy market?
  • What opportunities do smart city programs provide for utilities?
  • How can cities benefit from smart meter and smart grid deployments?
  • What is the energy cloud?
  • What is the role of energy technology in resilience?
  • What are the key smart city/smart grid pilots around the world?
  • How will smart energy communities emerge?
Who needs this report?
  • Smart grid hardware and software vendors
  • Energy management hardware and software vendors
  • IT, networking, and telecommunications vendors
  • Utilities
  • Industry associations and standards organizations
  • Government agencies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Cities and the New Energy Agenda

1.1   Smart Cities and Smart Energy

1.2   The Energy Cloud and the Future of Energy Provision

2. How Cities Are Helping to Shape the Energy Revolution

2.1   The City and the Energy Cloud

2.2   The Renewable City

2.3   Smart Cities and Smart Grids

2.4   Managing Energy Demand

2.5   Cities and Energy Markets

2.6   The Resilient City

2.7   Toward Smart Energy Communities

3. Conclusions and Recommendations

3.1   The Opportunities

3.2   The Challenges

3.3   Additional Reading

4. Acronym and Abbreviation List
5. Table of Contents
6. Table of Charts and Figures
7. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • The Emerging Energy Cloud
  • Smart City Technology Annual Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023

List of Tables

  • Example Smart City, Smart Grid Projects
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Fuel Cells Annual Report 2014 http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/fuel-cells-annual-report-2014 http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/fuel-cells-annual-report-2014#comments Thu, 02 Oct 2014 21:56:22 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=69539 Smart Energy
During 2013 and 2014, the fuel cell market continued to see the greatest demand from stationary applications, including utility-scale fuel cells, fuel cells for industrial and commercial buildings, and fuel cells for residential power. These markets are still very location-specific. Japan is focusing primarily on residential units, while North America and South Korea have adopted [...]]]>
Smart Energy

During 2013 and 2014, the fuel cell market continued to see the greatest demand from stationary applications, including utility-scale fuel cells, fuel cells for industrial and commercial buildings, and fuel cells for residential power. These markets are still very location-specific. Japan is focusing primarily on residential units, while North America and South Korea have adopted the larger fuel cell systems. Backup power is a market mainly in North America, but also in emerging economies – especially in Southeast Asia.

Much of the interest in stationary fuel cells is driven by a shift toward distributed generation (DG), which has become the buzz phrase for the power sector. DG represents a shift away from the traditional centralized power generation model toward a more diverse and resilient grid infrastructure that includes widely dispersed and smaller generation power plants. Fuel cells fit neatly into the spectrum of technologies that support this movement. As a result, Navigant Research expects the stationary sector to have the strongest global potential within the fuel cell market in terms of fuel cell systems shipped. The transportation sector has the potential to lead in terms of fuel cell capacity shipped, as fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) are expected to take off in the 2020 timeframe.

This Navigant Research report provides a global analysis of major developments and trends in the fuel cell industry, with a focus on the stationary, portable, and transportation sectors. The study features an analysis of actual fuel cell systems and capacity shipped from 2010 to 2013, segmented by region, sector, application, electrolyte, and fuel type, as well as system revenue. Global market forecasts for fuel cell systems and capacity shipped and system revenue extend through 2023. The study also includes a special section on the growing interest in DG and profiles over 30 companies active in the global fuel cell industry.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • What have been the major trends in the global fuel cell industry in 2013 and 2014?
  • What is the current growth rate of the worldwide fuel cell industry by region and by sector?
  • What have been the leading applications in the stationary, portable, and transportation fuel cell sectors?
  • Which regions are leading in terms of manufacturing and in terms of revenue?
  • How is the shift toward distributed generation (DG) affecting the global fuel cell market?
  • What are the global prospects for the adoption of stationary, portable, and transportation fuel cells?
Who needs this report?
  • Fuel cell system and stack developer companies
  • Fuel cell component suppliers
  • Fuel cell vehicle (FCV) manufacturers
  • Infrastructure providers
  • Energy storage vendors
  • Industry associations
  • Government agencies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Introduction

1.2  Market Forecasts

2. Market Issues 

2.1  Introduction

2.1.1   Overview of Fuel Cell Application Areas

2.2  Key Fuel Cell Market Trends

2.2.1   MicroCHP Market Still Strongest in Japan

2.2.2   South Korea Continues to Bring Fuel Cell Technology In-Country

2.2.3   Microgrids

   2.2.3.1  Focus on Connecticut Microgrid Program

2.2.4   Non-Ownership Business Models

2.2.5   FCVs Coming to Market

2.2.6   Power-to-Gas Concept

2.2.7   Portable Sector Still Weak

2.3  Special Focus: Power Sector Shifts toward DG

2.3.1   Policies Promoting Fuel Cells

2.3.2   Renewable Energy Targets and DG Carve-Outs

   2.3.2.1  North America

   2.3.2.2  Europe

   2.3.2.3  South Korea

2.3.3   FITs and Net Metering

   2.3.3.1  North America

   2.3.3.2  Europe

   2.3.3.3  Japan and South Korea

2.3.4   Economics of Distributed Energy

2.3.5   Resiliency and the Electrical Grid

3. Market Overview 2013 

3.1  Overview

3.2  Overall Industry Growth

3.3  Capacity Shipped by Application

3.3.1   Prime Power

3.3.2   Portable Power

3.3.3   Military

3.3.4   Transportation

3.4  Development by Revenue

3.5  Developments by Geography

3.6  Development by Electrolyte

3.7  Development by Fuel

4. Key Industry Players  

4.1  Introduction

4.2  Fuel Cell Technology Companies

4.2.1   AFC Energy (AFC)

4.2.2   Altergy Systems (PEM)

4.2.3   Ballard Power Systems (PEM)

4.2.4   Baxi Innotech (PEM)

4.2.5   Bing Energy (PEM)

4.2.6   Bloom Energy (SOFC)

4.2.7   Ceramic Fuel Cells Ltd. (SOFC)

4.2.8   Ceres Power (SOFC)

4.2.9   Cummins Inc. (SOFC, Others)

4.2.10   Doosan Corp. (PEM and PAFC)

4.2.11   Electro Power Systems (PEM)

4.2.12    FuelCell Energy (MCFC, SOFC)

4.2.13   GS Caltex (PEM)

4.2.14   Horizon Fuel Cell Technologies (PEM)

4.2.15   Hydrogenics (PEM, Fueling)

4.2.16   Hyosung Power & Industrial Systems (PEM)

4.2.17  Intelligent Energy (PEM)

4.2.18   ITM Power (PEM)

4.2.19   JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corp. (SOFC)

4.2.20   Nuvera Fuel Cells (PEM, Fueling)

4.2.21   Oorja Fuel Cells (DMFC)

4.2.22   Panasonic (PEM)

4.2.23   Plug Power (PEM, Fueling)

4.2.24   POSCO Energy (MCFC)

4.2.25   ReliOn (PEM)

4.2.26   SerEnergy (HT-PEM)

4.2.27   SFC Energy (DMFC)

4.3  Vehicle Providers

4.3.1   Daimler (PEM)

4.3.2   GM (PEM)

4.3.3   Honda (PEM)

4.3.4   Hyundai (PEM)

4.3.5   Toyota (PEM)

4.4  Other Industry Participants

5. Market Forecasts 

5.1  Introduction

5.2  Model Overview

5.2.1   Qualitative Overview of Key Flex Points in the Model

5.3  Fuel Cell Shipments by Sector

5.4  Fuel Cell Shipments by Electrolyte

5.5  Fuel Cell Shipments and Revenue by Region

5.6  Hydrogen Demand

5.7  Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Fuel Cell System Capacity Shipped by Market Sector, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Capacity of Wind Installed and Power-to-Gas Capacity by Scenario, Select European Countries: 2014-2018
  • Solar PV Cost Curve, World Markets: 1992-2012
  • PEM Fuel Cell Cost Curve, World Markets: 2002-2017
  • Fuel Cell Systems Shipped by Market Sector, World Markets: 2010-2013
  • Fuel Cell System Capacity Shipped by Market Sector and Total Revenue, World Markets: 2010-2013
  • Fuel Cell System Capacity Shipped by Application and Market Sector, World Markets: 2011-2013
  • Fuel Cell System Revenue by Market Sector, World Markets: 2010-2013
  • Fuel Cell System Revenue by Region of Company Headquarters, World Markets: 2010-2013
  • Fuel Cell System Capacity Shipped by Region of Manufacture, World Markets: 2010-2013
  • Fuel Cell System Capacity Shipped by Region of Manufacture and Electrolyte, World Markets: 2012-2013
  • Fuel Cell Systems Shipped by Fuel Type, World Markets: 2010-2013
  • Fuel Cell Systems Shipped by Market Sector, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Fuel Cell System Capacity Shipped by Electrolyte, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Fuel Cell Systems Shipped by Region of Manufacture, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Fuel Cell System Revenue by Region of Manufacture, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Hydrogen Consumption by Region of Production, World Markets: 2014-2030
  • Renewable Portfolio Standards with Solar/Distributed Generation Provisions by U.S. State

List of Tables

  • Microgrid Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2Q 2014
  • Renewable Energy Generation Required under RPS, South Korea: 2012-2020
  • Estimated Losses per Hour of Grid Failure
  • Fuel Cell Systems Shipped by Market Sector, World Markets: 2010-2013
  • Fuel Cell System Capacity Shipped by Market Sector and Total Revenue, World Markets: 2010-2013
  • Fuel Cell System Capacity Shipped by Application and Market Sector, World Markets: 2011-2013
  • Fuel Cell System Revenue by Market Sector, World Markets: 2010-2013
  • Fuel Cell System Capacity Shipped by Market Sector, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Fuel Cell Systems Shipped by Market Sector, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Fuel Cell System Capacity Shipped by Electrolyte, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Fuel Cell Systems Shipped by Region of Manufacture, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Fuel Cell System Revenue by Region of Manufacture, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Hydrogen Consumption by Region of Production, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Policy or Regulation Pushing Adoption of Stationary Fuel Cells
  • Stationary Fuel Cells in Resiliency Applications
  • Other Industry Participants in 2014
  • Event Types That Affect a Forecast
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Residential Energy Efficient Lighting and Lighting Controls http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/residential-energy-efficient-lighting-and-lighting-controls http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/residential-energy-efficient-lighting-and-lighting-controls#comments Mon, 29 Sep 2014 17:30:27 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=69409 Smart BuildingsSmart Utilities
The global residential lighting market is on the verge of a major transformation. Extremely energy efficient light-emitting diode (LED) lamps are being adopted at an astonishing rate while remote control of connected lights is on the cusp of becoming much more commonplace. Additionally, the movement to more all-encompassing home energy management (HEM) and home automation, [...]]]>
Smart BuildingsSmart Utilities

The global residential lighting market is on the verge of a major transformation. Extremely energy efficient light-emitting diode (LED) lamps are being adopted at an astonishing rate while remote control of connected lights is on the cusp of becoming much more commonplace. Additionally, the movement to more all-encompassing home energy management (HEM) and home automation, of which smart lighting is a part, is steadily gathering pace.

While the desire to reduce electricity costs is an important driver for the adoption of energy efficient LEDs and controls, it is not the most important one. Increasingly, homeowners are being drawn to the range of new use cases that controllable and networked LEDs bring. The ability of these devices to communicate with other popular connected devices is likely to prove particularly popular as a way to increase comfort and convenience in the home while bringing about energy savings automatically. According to Navigant Research, global revenue associated with the installation of residential lighting controls is expected to grow from $2.4 billion in 2014 to $4.6 billion in 2023.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the global market for residential energy efficient lighting and lighting controls. The study focuses on LED lamps and luminaires while also forecasting sales for three other lamp technologies – incandescent, halogen, and fluorescent – as well as a number of control devices, including occupancy sensors, photosensors, timers, dimmers, lighting-only networks, and HEM systems. Global market forecasts for unit shipments and revenue, segmented by region, lamp type, product type, and building type, extend through 2023. The report also examines the key technologies related to residential energy efficient lighting and lighting controls, as well as the competitive landscape.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • How big is the market for residential energy efficient luminaires, lamps, and lighting controls in terms of revenue and unit shipments?
  • How quickly will this market grow during the next 10 years and what factors will drive this growth?
  • What factors could hold back market growth during the forecast period?
  • What are the main technological trends taking place in the market for residential energy efficient lighting solutions?
  • What are the main use cases for connected lighting solutions?
  • Who are the leading providers of residential energy efficient lighting products and how do their products differ?
Who needs this report?
  • Luminaire and lamp manufacturers
  • Lighting controls manufacturers
  • Lighting contractors
  • Building owners
  • Governments and municipalities
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Introduction

1.2  Key Market Trends

1.3  Forecast Highlights

2. Market Issues     

2.1  Market Overview

2.2  Market Drivers

2.2.1   Falling LED Costs

2.2.2   Rising Energy Prices

2.2.3   Regulations, Codes, and Initiatives

   2.2.3.1  ASHRAE Standards

      2.2.3.1.1.  ASHRAE 90.1

   2.2.3.2  California Title 24

   2.2.3.3  European Union Directives

      2.2.3.3.1.  Directives 2002/91/EC and 2010/31/EC

      2.2.3.3.2.  Directive 2009/125/EC

      2.2.3.3.3.  Other EU Directives

   2.2.3.4  International Energy Conservation Code

   2.2.3.5  ENERGY STAR

   2.2.3.6  Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design

2.2.4   Phaseout of Inefficient Light Sources

2.2.5   Utility Rebates

2.2.6   Tax Incentives

2.2.7   Rise of the Smart Home

   2.2.7.1  New Options from Controlling LEDs

2.3  Market Barriers

2.3.1   Cost of LEDs and Networked Controls

2.3.2   Lack of Understanding and Awareness

2.3.3   Mean Time to Kitchen Drawer

2.3.4   Lack of Standardization

2.3.5   Residential Construction Slowdown

2.3.6   Increased Lifespan of Energy Efficient Light Sources

2.3.7   Adverse Health Effects of Lighting

2.4  Geographic Trends

2.4.1   North America

2.4.2   Europe

2.4.3   Asia Pacific

2.4.4   Rest of the World

3. Technology Issues

3.1  Efficacy and Efficiency

3.2  CRI

3.3  CCT

3.4  Lamp Life

3.5  Lamp Types

3.5.1   Incandescent

3.5.2   Halogen

3.5.3   Fluorescent

3.5.4   LEDs

3.5.5   Lamp Types Excluded from Forecasts

   3.5.5.1  Mercury Vapor

   3.5.5.2  Metal Halide

   3.5.5.3  High-Pressure Sodium

   3.5.5.4  Induction

   3.5.5.5  OLED

3.5.6   Lamp Technology Summary

3.6  Luminaires

3.7  Lighting Controls

3.7.1   Occupancy Sensors

3.7.2   Photosensors

3.7.3   Timers

3.7.4   Dimmers

3.8  Lighting-Only Networks

3.9  HEM Systems

3.10  Networking Technologies

3.10.1  ZigBee

3.10.2  Z-Wave

3.10.3  Wi-Fi

   3.10.3.1  AllJoyn

3.10.4  Bluetooth

3.10.5  HomePlug

3.10.6  Others

3.11  Efforts to Promulgate Interoperability

3.11.1  The Connected Lighting Alliance

3.11.2  Smart Energy Profile

3.11.3  IEEE 1905.1

4. Key Industry Players   

4.1  Introduction

4.2  Selected Luminaire and Lamp Manufacturers

4.2.1   Acuity Brands

4.2.2   Cree

4.2.3   GE Lighting

4.2.4   Hubbell Lighting

4.2.5   OSRAM

4.2.6   Philips Lighting

4.3  Selected Lighting Controls and Networking Vendors

4.3.1   Eaton/Cooper Lighting

4.3.2   Legrand

4.3.3   Leviton

4.3.4   Lutron

4.3.5   Schneider Electric

4.4  Selected Home Automation Players

4.4.1   Alarm.com

4.4.2   AlertMe.com

4.4.3   Control4

4.4.4   Crestron Electronics

4.4.5   Greenwave Systems

4.4.6   iControl Networks

4.4.7   Savant Systems

4.5  Other Connected Lighting Players

5. Market Forecasts  

5.1  Introduction

5.2  Data Collection

5.3  Forecast Methodology

5.3.1   Building Types Under Analysis

5.3.2   Building Types Not Under Analysis

5.3.3   2013 Installed Lamp Inventory

5.3.4   Unit Shipment Projections

5.3.5   Average Selling Prices

5.4  Installed Base of Lamps by Form Factor

5.5  Revenue and Unit Shipments Forecasts by Product Type

5.5.1   Luminaires

5.5.2   Lamps

5.6  Revenue Forecasts for Lighting Controls

5.7  Revenue Forecasts by Geographic Region

5.8  Revenue Forecasts by Building Type

5.9  Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Lighting Controls Revenue by Product Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Housing Completions, North America: 2005-2013
  • Installed Base of Lamps by Form Factor, North America: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Revenue and Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Revenue and Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lighting Controls Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Revenue by Building Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Revenue by Building Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lighting Controls Revenue by Building Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lighting Controls Unit Shipments by Product Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Unit Shipments by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Unit Shipments by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire, Lamp, and Lighting Controls Unit Shipments by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Unit Shipments by Building Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Unit Shipments by Building Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lighting Controls Unit Shipments by Building Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Cost Breakdown Projection for a Typical A19 Replacement Lamp: 2012-2020
  • CCT Guide
  • Tubular CFL (Left) and Spiral CFL (Right)
  • Kindred OLED Luminaire from Acuity Brands
  • 24-Hour Mechanical Segment Timer

List of Tables

  • ASPs by Product Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Installed Base of Lamps by Form Factor, North America: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Revenue by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Revenue by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lighting Controls Unit Shipments by Product Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lighting Controls Revenue by Product Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire and Lamp Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, North America: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire and Lamp Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire and Lamp Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire and Lamp Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire and Lamp Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire and Lamp Revenue by Lamp Type, North America: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire and Lamp Revenue by Lamp Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire and Lamp Revenue by Lamp Type, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire and Lamp Revenue by Lamp Type, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire and Lamp Revenue by Lamp Type, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
  • Lighting Controls Unit Shipments by Region and Product Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lighting Controls Revenue by Region and Product Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Unit Shipments to Single-Dwelling Housing by Building Type and Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Unit Shipments to Single-Dwelling Housing by Building Type and Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lighting Controls Unit Shipments to Single-Dwelling Housing by Building Type and Product Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Unit Shipments to Multi-Dwelling Housing by Building Type and Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Unit Shipments to Multi-Dwelling Housing by Building Type and Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lighting Controls Unit Shipments to Multi-Dwelling Housing by Building Type and Product Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Revenue to Single-Dwelling Housing by Building Type and Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Revenue to Single-Dwelling Housing by Building Type and Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lighting Controls Revenue to Single-Dwelling Housing by Building Type and Product Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Revenue to Multi-Dwelling Housing by Building Type and Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Revenue to Multi-Dwelling Housing by Building Type and Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lighting Controls Revenue to Multi-Dwelling Housing by Building Type and Product Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Technology Summary
  • Selection of Smart Bulb Vendors
  • Other Connected Lighting Players
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Smart Thermostats http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/smart-thermostats http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/smart-thermostats#comments Thu, 25 Sep 2014 21:03:39 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=69333 Smart UtilitiesUtility Innovations
The market for communicating and smart thermostats has exploded with activity since 2013. Although it was introduced in the late 2000s, the technology has only recently gained stronger traction. The year 2014 has seen significant business activity in the form of mergers and acquisitions, international expansion, technological growth, and more conclusive evidence of cost-effectiveness. In North [...]]]>
Smart UtilitiesUtility Innovations

The market for communicating and smart thermostats has exploded with activity since 2013. Although it was introduced in the late 2000s, the technology has only recently gained stronger traction. The year 2014 has seen significant business activity in the form of mergers and acquisitions, international expansion, technological growth, and more conclusive evidence of cost-effectiveness.

In North America and Europe, interest in smart thermostat technology is growing among utilities and energy retailers, as well as consumers. In addition, small businesses are increasingly adopting solutions originally intended for residences as a low-cost way to manage the energy use of heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems. For other regions, the technology remains nascent, though there are conditions that could foster increased adoption in coming years. According to Navigant Research, global revenue for communicating and smart thermostats and associated software and services is expected to grow from $146.9 million in 2014 to $2.3 billion in 2023.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the global market opportunities for communicating and smart thermostats. The study provides an analysis of the market issues, including the current market drivers, inhibitors, and business segments, utility and vendor activity, and broad industry trends, associated with communicating and smart thermostats. Global market forecasts for unit shipments, average selling prices, revenue, and penetration rates, as well as revenue for associated software and services, extend through 2023. The report also examines the key technologies related to communicating and smart thermostats and profiles the major industry players.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • What are the main technology segments within the global market for communicating and smart thermostats?
  • What are the main business segments within the market for communicating and smart thermostats?
  • How do the business models for each segment differ from region to region?
  • What are the main market drivers and inhibitors regionally for smart thermostats?
  • What technology trends are shaping the market for smart thermostats?
  • How are consumers engaging with smart thermostats?
  • Where are the next global opportunities within the market for communicating and smart thermostats?
Who needs this report?
  • Thermostat manufacturers and component suppliers
  • Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) vendors and system installers
  • Energy management platform providers
  • Energy service companies and energy retailers
  • Utilities
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Market Overview

1.1.1   Navigant Research Segment Definitions

1.2  Market Drivers and Inhibitors

1.3  Vendor Activity

1.4  Market Forecasts

2. Market Issues 

2.1  Market Overview

2.1.1   Smart Thermostat Definitions

2.1.2   What Is in the Data?

2.2  Business Segments/Structures

2.2.1   Standalone Offerings

2.2.2   Applications, Analytics, and Services

2.2.3   Bundled Home Automation/Control

2.2.4   Utility Energy Efficiency Programs and DR Resources

2.3  Market Drivers and Inhibitors

2.3.1   Energy Efficiency Goals and Directives

   2.3.1.1  United States

   2.3.1.2  Europe

   2.3.1.3  Asia Pacific

   2.3.1.4  Latin America

   2.3.1.5  Middle East & Africa

2.3.2   Nuclear and Coal Plant Retirements

2.3.3   Deferred Generation Investment

2.3.4   Grid Resiliency

2.3.5   Consumer Discussion

2.4  Utilities and Electricity Retailer Activity

2.4.1   Increasing Customer Satisfaction, Engagement, and Program Retention

2.4.2   Smart Thermostats for DR

   2.4.2.1  DLC

   2.4.2.2  Dynamic Pricing

   2.4.2.3  Ancillary Services

2.4.3   BYOT

2.5  Vendor Activity

2.5.1   Mergers, Acquisitions, and Collaborations

2.5.2   Patent Infringement

2.5.3   Expansion into New Markets

2.6  Broad Industry Trends

2.6.1   Moving to the Cloud

2.6.2   Developer APIs: Integrating the Whole Home

3. Technology Issues

3.1  Communicating and Smart Thermostat Overview

3.2  Inside the Thermostat

3.2.1   Network Interface

3.2.2   Processing and Memory

3.3  Considerations for Heating and Cooling Applications

3.3.1   Central HVAC

3.3.2   Ductless Mini-Split HVAC

3.3.3   Transportable Systems

3.3.4   Electric and Natural Gas Boilers

3.4  Open Standards, Internet Protocol, and Wireless Communications

3.4.1   Internet Protocol

3.4.2   Wireless Technologies

   3.4.2.1  ZigBee

      3.4.2.1.1.  Technology

      3.4.2.1.2.  SEP

   3.4.2.2  Wi-Fi

      3.4.2.2.1.  Technology

   3.4.2.3  Bluetooth

3.5  Software Considerations for Smart Thermostats

3.5.1   Analytics

3.5.2   Automation

4. Key Industry Players   

4.1  Thermostat Vendors

4.1.1   Allure Energy

4.1.2   Blue Line Innovations

4.1.3   Carrier

4.1.4   Climote

4.1.5   Computime

4.1.6   Control4

4.1.7   ecobee

4.1.8   Emerson Climate Technologies/White-Rodgers

4.1.9   GridPoint

4.1.10   Honeywell

4.1.11   Nest Labs

4.1.12   Radio Thermostat Company of America

4.1.13   Schneider Electric

4.1.14   tado GmbH

4.1.15   Trane

4.2  Apps, Analytics, and Platform Providers

4.2.1   Comverge

4.2.2   Earth Networks/WeatherBug

4.2.3   EcoFactor

4.2.4   Energate

4.2.5   EnergyHub

4.2.6   Landis+Gyr

4.2.7   Opower

4.2.8   Silver Spring Networks

4.3  Home Automation and Security Vendors

4.3.1   ADT

4.3.2   Alarm.com

4.3.3   AT&T

4.3.4   Comcast

4.3.5   iControl Networks

4.3.6   Vivint (Blackstone Group)

4.4  Utilities and Energy Retailers

4.4.1   Austin Energy

4.4.2   British Gas/Hive

4.4.3   Con Edison

4.4.4   NV Energy

4.4.5   OG&E

4.4.6   PG&E

4.4.7   SCE

4.4.8   SMUD

5. Market Forecasts

5.1  Overview

5.2  Forecasting Methodology

5.3  Smart Thermostat Revenue by Technology Segment

5.4  Global Market

5.5  North America

5.6  Europe

5.7  Asia Pacific

5.8  Latin America

5.9  Middle East & Africa

5.10  Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Communicating/Smart Thermostat Device and Software and Services Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Communicating/Smart Thermostat Revenue by Segment, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Communicating/Smart Thermostat Revenue by Segment, North America: 2014-2023
  • Communicating/Smart Thermostat Revenue by Segment, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Communicating/Smart Thermostat Revenue by Segment, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • Communicating/Smart Thermostat Revenue by Segment, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • Communicating/Smart Thermostat Revenue by Segment, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
  • Communicating/Smart Thermostat Residential Installed Base by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Communicating/Smart Thermostat Residential Penetration Rate by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Communicating Thermostat Device Shipments by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Communicating Thermostat Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Smart Thermostat Device Shipments by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Smart Thermostat Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Smart Thermostat Software and Services Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Smart Thermostat Software and Services Revenue by Category, North America: 2014-2023
  • Smart Thermostat Software and Services Revenue by Category, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Smart Thermostat Software and Services Revenue by Category, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • Smart Thermostat Software and Services Revenue by Category, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • Smart Thermostat Software and Services Revenue by Category, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
  • Number of Financial Instruments in Place by Country, EU: End of 2011
  • Gas Production and Consumption, Gulf States: 2009
  • IP Stack Overview
  • Mapping Data Sources for Data Integration

List of Tables

  • Thermostat Technology Classification Comparison
  • Communicating/Smart Thermostat Device Shipments by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Communicating/Smart Thermostat Residential Installed Base by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Communicating/Smart Thermostat Residential Penetration Rate by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Communicating/Smart Thermostat Device and Software and Services Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Communicating/Smart Thermostat Revenue by Segment, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Communicating/Smart Thermostat Revenue by Segment, North America: 2014-2023
  • Communicating/Smart Thermostat Revenue by Segment, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Communicating/Smart Thermostat Revenue by Segment, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • Communicating/Smart Thermostat Revenue by Segment, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • Communicating/Smart Thermostat Revenue by Segment, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
  • Communicating Thermostat Device Shipments by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Communicating Thermostat ASP by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Communicating Thermostat Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Smart Thermostat Device Shipments by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Smart Thermostat ASP by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Smart Thermostat Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Smart Thermostat Software and Services Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Smart Thermostat Software and Services Revenue by Category, North America: 2014-2023
  • Smart Thermostat Software and Services Revenue by Category, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Smart Thermostat Software and Services Revenue by Category, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • Smart Thermostat Software and Services Revenue by Category, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • Smart Thermostat Software and Services Revenue by Category, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
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Energy Storage Tracker 3Q14 http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/energy-storage-tracker-3q14 http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/energy-storage-tracker-3q14#comments Wed, 24 Sep 2014 13:47:58 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=69304 Smart Energy
Government funding, subsidies, and regulatory reforms in energy storage and related areas continue to encourage market growth. Lithium ion (Li-ion) technology has emerged as the global leader in energy storage technology. However, flywheels and flow batteries are also making significant headway. North America continues to move the market forward with commercial and demonstration grid-scale energy [...]]]>
Smart Energy

Government funding, subsidies, and regulatory reforms in energy storage and related areas continue to encourage market growth. Lithium ion (Li-ion) technology has emerged as the global leader in energy storage technology. However, flywheels and flow batteries are also making significant headway. North America continues to move the market forward with commercial and demonstration grid-scale energy storage projects. Western Europe – Germany, Italy, and the United Kingdom in particular – is also leading the market with utility-scale advanced battery and power-to-gas installations and announcements.

Key vendors in the industry continue to specialize as systems integrators in the supply chain. In some cases, integrators are entering the sector from other industries. This is a critical time for the advanced energy storage industry; in order for the industry to continue to scale, more systems integrators are needed. According to Navigant Research’s estimates, 362.8 MW of energy storage projects have been announced globally in the 2013-2014 period with an almost equal distribution between North America (103.3 MW), Asia Pacific (100.5 MW), and Western Europe (91.1 MW).

This Navigant Research report provides a comprehensive resource of energy storage projects worldwide. The Tracker includes a database of 697 projects (encompassing 1,160 systems) and tracks the country, region, market segment, capacity, status, technology vendor, systems integrator, applications, funding, investment, and key milestones of each project. In addition, the report includes analysis of the technology choice within each major region for energy storage, analysis of leading regions for energy storage capacity and projects, and market share analysis for technology vendors for deployed projects and projects in the pipeline.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • Which energy storage systems integrators have the largest market share?
  • Which energy storage technology vendors have the largest market share for deployed projects and for pipeline projects?
  • How many energy storage projects are currently underway worldwide?
  • Which regions are leading in terms of deployed market capacity and number of projects in the energy storage sector?
  • What is the technology choice within each region and which global regions are more innovative?
  • How many new energy storage projects have come online in the last 12 months?
Who needs this report?
  • Energy engineering, procurement, and construction (EPC) firms
  • Energy storage technology vendors
  • Smart grid controls and software companies
  • Inverter companies
  • Solar finance companies
  • Utilities
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Introduction

1.2  Market Activity in 2013-2014

2. Current Market Outlook

2.1  Leading Regions and Technologies for Energy Storage Systems

2.2  Global Pipeline by Region and Technology

3. Vendor Market Share

3.1  Deployed Market Share by Technology Vendors

3.2  Pipeline Market Share by Technology Vendors

4. Company Directory
5. Acronym and Abbreviation List
6. Table of Contents
7. Table of Charts and Figures
8. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology

List of Charts and Figures

  • New Announced Projects, Excluding Pumped Storage, World Markets: 2013-2014
  • Deployed Capacity by Technology and Region, Excluding Traditional Pumped Storage, World Markets:
    3Q 2014
  • Pipeline Capacity by Technology and Region, World Markets: 3Q 2014
  • Deployed Capacity Market Share by Top 20 Technology Vendors, Excluding Traditional Pumped Storage, World Markets: 3Q 2014
  • Pipeline Capacity Market Share by Top 20 Technology Vendors, Excluding Traditional Pumped Storage, World Markets: 3Q 2014

List of Tables

  • Energy Storage Projects, All Segments, World Markets
  • Energy Storage Projects, North America
  • Energy Storage Projects, Western Europe
  • Energy Storage Projects, Eastern Europe
  • Energy Storage Projects, Asia Pacific
  • Energy Storage Projects, Latin America
  • Energy Storage Projects, Middle East & Africa
  • Energy Storage Projects, Bulk Storage Segment, World Markets
  • Energy Storage Projects, Ancillary Services Segment, World Markets
  • Energy Storage Projects, Community and Residential Segments, World Markets
  • Energy Storage Projects, Commercial Building and UPS Segments, World Markets
  • Energy Storage Projects, Microgrid and Remote/Off-Grid Segments, World Markets
  • Energy Storage Projects, Research, Development, and Demonstration Segment, World Markets
  • Energy Storage Projects, New Market Activity, World Markets: 3Q 2013-3Q 2014
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Microgrid Enabling Technologies http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/microgrid-enabling-technologies http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/microgrid-enabling-technologies#comments Tue, 16 Sep 2014 02:46:32 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=69063 Smart Energy
The microgrid market has changed significantly since 2012. For example, a much greater emphasis is now being placed on the economic value microgrids bring to the entire utility-led macrogrid. Furthermore, the value proposition for advanced energy storage has been greatly advanced by governments and regulators in key microgrid markets. Perhaps the most noteworthy change, though, [...]]]>
Smart Energy

The microgrid market has changed significantly since 2012. For example, a much greater emphasis is now being placed on the economic value microgrids bring to the entire utility-led macrogrid. Furthermore, the value proposition for advanced energy storage has been greatly advanced by governments and regulators in key microgrid markets. Perhaps the most noteworthy change, though, is the investigation of new business models designed to support full commercial implementation of microgrid systems.

This report profiles a variety of microgrid enabling technology (MET) options, many of which play significant roles as the purpose and design of microgrids expand to encompass technologies and services related to smart buildings, demand response, distribution and substation automation, and smart meters. The leading market opportunity within the realm of microgrids is with different forms of distributed generation (DG), including diesel generators, natural gas generators, and other forms of renewable DG. However, there is market opportunity within the microgrid space beyond DG. In fact, advanced energy storage will represent the single largest investment category among MET options by 2023, though DG investments as a whole will still be larger. According to Navigant Research, global annual DG vendor revenue is expected to grow from $1.8 billion in 2014 to $9.6 billion in 2023.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the global market for significant METs, including diesel generators, natural gas generators, fuel cells, solar PV, distributed wind, other renewables (micro-hydro and biomass), combined heat and power (CHP), smart islanding inverters, advanced energy storage, plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) energy storage capacity, and microgrid software. The study provides an analysis of the market issues, including technology drivers and implementation challenges, associated with microgrid technologies. Global market forecasts for capacity and revenue, segmented by technology and region, extend through 2023. The report also examines the basic principles and commercial time horizons for key METs, as well as the competitive landscape.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • Which technologies represent the best near- and long-term investment opportunities within the microgrid space?
  • How do distributed generation (DG) options stack up in terms of microgrid market share globally?
  • Which standards are shaping markets for different classes of key microgrid components?
  • Who are the leading players when it comes to providing integration and optimization technologies for microgrids?
  • How do key large technology players differentiate themselves in this market?
  • Why will software spending on microgrids double on a percentage basis over the next decade?
Who needs this report?
  • Distributed generation (DG) technology suppliers
  • Battery storage innovators and integrators
  • Inverter manufacturers
  • Microgrid developers
  • Smart building managers
  • Utilities
  • Regulators
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Introduction

1.2  Market Forecasts

2. Market Issues  

2.1  What Is a Microgrid?

2.1.1   Emerging Value Proposition Underpinning Microgrids

2.1.2   Key Applications

2.2  Current Microgrid Technology Drivers

2.2.1   Rising Cost of Diesel Fuel

2.2.2   Natural Gas Price Dynamics

2.2.3   Distributed Renewables Integration

2.2.4   Distribution and Substation Automation Trends

2.2.5   Smart Inverter Advances

2.2.6   Smart Switches

2.2.7   Advanced Energy Storage

2.2.8   Automated DR

2.2.9   Smart Buildings

2.2.10   Rising Popularity of PEVs

   2.2.10.1  Case Study: University of California, San Diego

2.2.11   Microgrid Controllers

2.2.12   Unique DC Microgrid Considerations

2.3  Implementation Challenges: Key Component Standards

2.3.1   UL 1741 Safety Standards for Grid Devices

2.3.2   IEEE Standards for DG

2.3.3   IEEE Standards for Energy Storage

2.3.4   IEC Standards for Transmission and Distribution Systems and Interoperability

2.3.5   DC Medium-Voltage Standards

2.3.6   EV Charging Standards

   2.3.6.1  DC Fast Charging

   2.3.6.2  EPRI’s Open Grid Integration Platform

3. Technology Issues

3.1  MET Overview

3.2  Component Breakdown of Microgrids

3.3  DG

3.4  Diesel Generators

3.5  Natural Gas Generators

3.5.1  Commercial Time Horizon

3.6  Fuel Cells

3.6.1  Basic Principles

3.6.2  Commercial Time Horizon

3.7  Solar PV

3.7.1  Basic Principles

3.7.2  Commercial Time Horizon

3.8  Distributed Wind

3.8.1  Basic Principles

3.8.2  Commercial Time Horizon

3.9  Other Renewables

3.9.1  Hydroelectric

3.9.2  Biomass

3.10  CHP

3.10.1  Basic Principles

3.10.2  Commercial Time Horizon

3.11  Smart Islanding Inverters

3.11.1  Basic Principles

3.11.2  Commercial Time Horizon

3.12  Advanced Energy Storage

3.12.1  Basic Principles

3.12.2  Commercial Time Horizon

3.13  EV Charging Technologies

3.13.1  Basic Principles

3.13.2  Commercial Time Horizon

3.14  Other Potential Microgrid Enabling Hardware Devices

3.15  Software Innovation

3.15.1  Basic Principles

3.15.2  Commercial Time Horizon

4. Key Industry Players 

4.1  Company Profiles Overview

4.2  Large Master Controller and System Integrators

4.2.1   ABB

4.2.2   GE Digital Energy

4.2.3   Lockheed Martin

4.2.4   Schneider Electric

4.2.5   Siemens AG

4.3  DG Innovators

4.3.1   Bloom Energy

4.3.2   Cummins Inc.

4.3.3   Northern Power Systems

4.3.4   SunEdison

4.3.5   Tecogen

4.4  Smart Islanding Inverters

4.4.1   Princeton Power Systems

4.4.2   SMA Solar Technology AG

4.5  Energy Storage

4.5.1   ViZn Energy Systems, Inc.

4.5.2   Win Inertia

4.5.3   Younicos

4.6  Smart Buildings

4.6.1   Honeywell

4.6.2   Johnson Controls, Inc.

4.7  Smart Switches

4.7.1   S&C Electric Company

4.8  Smaller Microgrid Controls Specialists

4.8.1   Encorp

4.8.2   ETAP

4.8.3   Green Energy Corp.

4.8.4   IPERC

4.9  PEV Charging and Energy Storage Innovators

4.9.1   Boulder Electric Vehicle

4.9.2   Ford

4.9.3   Nissan

5. Market Forecasts  

5.1  MET Market Forecast Overview

5.2  DG

5.3  Overall MET Market Share Estimates

5.4  Leading DG Revenue Opportunities: Solar PV and Distributed Wind

5.5  CHP

5.6  Smart Islanding Inverters

5.7  Advanced Energy Storage

5.8  PEV Energy Storage

5.9  Microgrid Optimization Software

5.10  Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Total Annual Distributed Generation Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Microgrid Capacity by Segment, World Markets: 2Q 2014
  • Average Spot Price of Natural Gas by Select Market: 2001-2012
  • Smart Meters for DA Applications Installed Base by Region, World Markets: 2012-2020
  • Commercial Building Automation Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2012-2021
  • Distributed Solar PV System Prices (Non-Weighted Average) by Component, World Markets: 2006-2013
  • DG Capacity Market Share in Microgrids, World Markets: 2014
  • DG Capacity Market Share in Microgrids, World Markets: 2023
  • Total Annual Distributed Generation Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • MET Vendor Revenue Market Share by Technology, World Markets: 2014
  • MET Vendor Revenue Market Share by Technology, World Markets: 2023
  • Annual Solar PV Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Solar PV Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Distributed Wind Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Distributed Wind Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual CHP Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual CHP Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Smart Islanding Inverter Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Smart Islanding Inverter Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Energy Storage Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Energy Storage Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual PEV Energy Storage Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual PEV Energy Storage Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Microgrid Software Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual Microgrid Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • General Electric’s Microgrid Energy Manager
  • Solar PV vs. Diesel Fuel Prices: 2001-2013
  • Diagram of CERTS Microgrid
  • Technology Drivers for DC Applications, Including Microgrids
  • Microgrid Economic Capabilities Matrix per Internal Technology and External Markets
  • Microgrids as a Portion of U.S. CHP Market
  • Centralized vs. Distributed Controls for Microgrids
  • Merger of GE and Alstom Grid: Shared History

List of Tables

  • Operating and Cost Characteristics of Key DG Technologies for Microgrids: 2014
  • Estimated Microgrid Component Prices, Key Markets: 2013
  • Annual Diesel Generator Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Diesel Generator Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Natural Gas Generator Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Natural Gas Generator Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Fuel Cell Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Fuel Cell Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Solar PV Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Solar PV Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Distributed Wind Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Distributed Wind Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Other Renewables Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Other Renewables Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual Distributed Generation Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual Distributed Generation Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual CHP Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual CHP Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Smart Islanding Inverter Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Smart Islanding Inverter Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Energy Storage Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Energy Storage Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual PEV Energy Storage Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual PEV Energy Storage Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Microgrid Software Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual Microgrid Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lexicon of Nanogrids, Microgrids, and VPPs
  • Microgrid Technology Matrix of Today’s Mandatory Components
  • Microgrid Technology Matrix of Future Idealized Components
  • Energy Storage for Microgrid Services by Microgrid Type
  • Diesel Generators for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • Natural Gas Generators for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • Fuel Cells for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • Solar PV for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • Distributed Wind for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • Hydroelectricity for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • Biomass for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • CHP for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • Smart Islanding Inverters for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • Advanced Energy Storage for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • PEVs for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • Software Controls for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
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Energy Storage for the Grid and Ancillary Services http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/energy-storage-for-the-grid-and-ancillary-services http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/energy-storage-for-the-grid-and-ancillary-services#comments Tue, 16 Sep 2014 02:31:53 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=69050 Smart EnergySmart Utilities
A confluence of market drivers in several key regional markets is making energy storage viable. Intermittent renewables have begun to undermine traditional energy assets in wholesale energy markets while creating instability in both energy markets and the grid system overall. In addition, several countries, including the United States, South Korea, and Japan, are pursuing aggressive [...]]]>
Smart EnergySmart Utilities

A confluence of market drivers in several key regional markets is making energy storage viable. Intermittent renewables have begun to undermine traditional energy assets in wholesale energy markets while creating instability in both energy markets and the grid system overall. In addition, several countries, including the United States, South Korea, and Japan, are pursuing aggressive market reforms and policies that are sending positive market signals for utility-scale energy storage.

Market challenges remain, however, as advances in cost reductions, supply chain development, and integration expertise are still underdeveloped across nearly every storage technology. The current market winners are vendors that have shifted away from being pure-play technology firms and developed systems integration expertise to complement their technology. Meanwhile, lithium ion (Li-ion) has established a clear lead in the market as the technology of choice in not only short-duration applications, but also bulk storage. According to Navigant Research, global installed energy storage for the grid and ancillary services (ESGAS) power capacity is expected to grow from 538.4 MW in 2014 to 20.8 GW in 2024.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the global market for ESGAS. Specifically, the applications analyzed in this study include arbitrage, electric supply reserve capacity, frequency regulation, grid asset optimization, load following, spinning reserve, transmission and distribution (T&D) upgrade deferral, utility-scale solar integration, utility-scale wind integration, and voltage support. Global market forecasts for power capacity, energy capacity, and revenue, segmented by region, technology, and application, extend through 2024. The report also examines the key technologies related to ESGAS, as well as the competitive landscape.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • How large is the global market for energy storage for the grid and ancillary services (ESGAS)?
  • Which technologies in bulk and short-duration energy storage will lead the market?
  • How quickly will the global market for bulk and short-duration energy storage grow and why?
  • What countries and global regions will lead the market for grid-scale energy storage?
  • Which markets should each ESGAS technology target and why?
Who needs this report?
  • Engineering, procurement, and construction (EPC) firms
  • Energy storage technology firms
  • Solar financing companies
  • Smart grid controls and software companies
  • Inverter companies
  • Utilities
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Scope

1.2  Market Developments

2. Market Issues

2.1  End-Use Markets for Energy Storage

2.2  Historical Data

2.2.1   Deployments by Technology

2.2.2   Market Share by Deployed Capacity

2.3  Regional Analysis

2.3.1   North America

   2.3.1.1  AB 2514 Procurement Plans for 2014

   2.3.1.2  Ontario

2.3.2   Europe

   2.3.2.1  Pan-European Developments

   2.3.2.2  Italy

2.3.3   Asia Pacific

   2.3.3.1  Japan

   2.3.3.2  South Korea

3. Technology Issues

3.1  Overview

3.2  Advanced Flow Batteries

3.2.1   ZBR

3.2.2   VR

3.2.3   Iron Chromium

3.3  Advanced Lead-Acid Batteries

3.4  Advanced Li-ion Batteries

3.5  CAES

3.6  Flywheels

3.7  NaS Batteries

3.8  Power-to-Gas

3.9  Pumped Storage

3.10  Sodium Metal Halide Batteries

4. Key Industry Players

4.1  Flow Battery Vendors

4.1.1   EnerVault

4.1.2   Redflow

4.2  CAES Vendors

4.2.1   Hydrostor

4.2.2   SustainX

4.3  Flywheel Vendors

4.3.1   Beacon Power

4.3.2   Temporal Power

4.4  Li-Ion Vendors

4.4.1   LG Chem

4.4.2   Panasonic

4.4.3   Samsung SDI

4.4.4   Sony

4.4.5   Toshiba

4.5  Sodium Metal Halide Vendors

4.5.1   FIAMM SoNick

4.5.2   GE

4.6  Software and Integration

4.6.1   ABB

4.6.2   S&C Electric Company

4.6.3   Other Key Players

5. Market Forecasts

5.1  Introduction

5.2  Methodology

5.2.1   ESGAS Baseline Figures

5.2.2   ESGAS CAPEX

5.3  ESGAS Power Capacity Forecast

5.4  ESGAS Energy Capacity Forecast

5.5  ESGAS Revenue Forecast

5.6  Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • ESGAS Power Capacity by Technology, World Markets: 2007-2013
  • ESGAS Power Capacity Market Share by Top 10 Technology Vendors, World Markets: 2007-2014
  • ESGAS Power Capacity Commissioned by Region, World Markets: 2007-2014
  • ESGAS Market Segment Growth Profiles by Growth Type, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Power Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Power Capacity by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Energy Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Power Capacity by Application, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Energy Capacity by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Energy Capacity by Application, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024

List of Tables

  • ESGAS Policy Drivers, North America: 2014
  • ESGAS Applications, Technologies, and Typical Customers
  • ESGAS Power Capacity by Technology and Year Commissioned, World Markets: 2007-2014
  • ESGAS Power Capacity by Region and Year Commissioned, World Markets: 2007-2014
  • ESGAS Power Capacity Market Share by Top 10 Technology Vendors, World Markets: 2007-2014
  • ESGAS Market Segment Growth Profiles by Growth Type, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • ESGAS Baseline Power Capacity by Region and Metric: 2014 and 2024
  • ESGAS CAPEX Assumptions by Technology and Application, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Power Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Power Capacity by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Power Capacity by Application, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Energy Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Energy Capacity by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Energy Capacity by Application, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Revenue by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Revenue by Application, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Power Capacity by Technology and Application, North America: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Power Capacity by Technology and Application, Western Europe: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Power Capacity by Technology and Application, Eastern Europe: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Power Capacity by Technology and Application, Middle East: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Power Capacity by Technology and Application, Africa: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Energy Capacity by Technology and Application, North America: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Energy Capacity by Technology and Application, Western Europe: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Energy Capacity by Technology and Application, Eastern Europe: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Energy Capacity by Technology and Application, Asia Pacific: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Energy Capacity by Technology and Application, Latin America: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Energy Capacity by Technology and Application, Middle East: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Energy Capacity by Technology and Application, Africa: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Revenue by Technology and Application, North America: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Revenue by Technology and Application, Western Europe: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Revenue by Technology and Application, Eastern Europe: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Revenue by Technology and Application, Asia Pacific: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Revenue by Technology and Application, Latin America: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Revenue by Technology and Application, Middle East: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Revenue by Technology and Application, Africa: 2014-2024
  • Operating Characteristics of Leading Advanced Battery Technologies
  • Characteristics of Li-ion Battery Chemistries
  • LFP Summary
  • LMO Summary
  • LTO Summary
  • LCO Summary
  • NCA Summary
  • NMC Summary
  • NaS Summary
  • Other Key Players
  • Sodium Metal Halide Summary
  • Applications and Corresponding Baseline Figure
  • ESGAS Baseline Power Capacity by Region and Metric: 2014 and 2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Power Capacity by Technology and Application, Asia Pacific: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Power Capacity by Technology and Application, Latin America: 2014-2024
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