Light Duty Natural Gas Vehicles

Natural Gas Passenger Cars, Light Duty Pickup Trucks, SUVs, Vans,
and Light Commercial Vehicles: Global Market Analysis and Forecasts

Natural gas supplies have increased in many parts of the world during recent years due to new pipelines and hydraulic fracturing. This increase has led to reduced prices for natural gas and the wider geographic availability of vehicle refueling. As a result, interest has been renewed in utilizing natural gas as a transportation fuel to reduce both the use of oil and greenhouse gas emissions.

Momentum in the light duty (LD) natural gas vehicle (NGV) market has been particularly strong in Asia Pacific and North America. The number of LD NGVs on the road is expected to grow dramatically during the next 10 years in the key markets of China, India, Thailand, and the United States. While mature markets like Italy and Ukraine are anticipated to see growth, demand for LD NGVs in European countries will remain relatively uneven from country to country. Navigant Research forecasts that global annual LD NGV sales will grow from 2.3 million vehicles in 2014 to 3.8 million in 2023.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the global market for natural gas passenger cars and light duty trucks, including pickup trucks, SUVs, minivans, and vans. The study provides an analysis of the market issues and drivers associated with LD NGVs, including refueling availability, competing alternative drive technology, total cost of ownership, vehicle availability, and government influence. Global market forecasts for vehicle sales, vehicles on the road, and fuel used, broken out by region, segment, and drivetrain, extend through 2023. The report also examines the key technologies related to natural gas storage on vehicles, as well as the major players within the market.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • Where are the largest markets for natural gas passenger cars and light trucks?
  • How important are the consumer and fleet markets to light duty natural gas vehicle (NGV) sales?
  • What role do government emissions restrictions and purchase incentives play in the NGV market?
  • What types of compressed natural gas (CNG) cylinders are used in natural gas cars and trucks?
  • What technological changes are expected to improve the efficiency of natural gas cars and trucks?
  • How many natural gas refueling stations are available worldwide?
  • How much natural gas will be used by light duty vehicles??
  • Which U.S. states are likely to see the greatest numbers of natural gas cars and trucks?
Who needs this report?
  • OEM marketing managers and product planners
  • NGV conversion/upfitter companies
  • Vehicle component suppliers
  • CNG cylinder manufacturerss
  • Natural gas utilities
  • Fleet manager consultants
  • Government agencies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Market Overview

1.2  Technical Issues

1.3  Key Players

1.4  Market Forecasts

2. Market Issues

2.1  Background

2.1.1   Market Definition

2.1.2   Passenger Cars

2.1.3   LD Trucks

2.2  The Manufacturing Process of NGVs

2.2.1   Role of OEM-Certified Vehicle Conversion Programs

2.3  Competing Technologies

2.3.1   Gasoline and Diesel

2.3.2   Biofuels

2.3.3   Hybrid and Electric Vehicles

2.3.4   Propane/Autogas

2.3.5   Fuel Cell Vehicles

2.4  NG Supply

2.4.1   Gas Drilling

2.4.2   Pipelines

2.4.3   Hydraulic Fracturing

2.5  Refueling Availability

2.5.1   Refueling Stations

2.5.2   Home Refueling Appliances

2.6  Government Influence

2.6.1   North America

2.6.2   Europe

2.6.3   Asia Pacific

2.6.4   Other Regions

3. Market Drivers

3.1  Ownership Costs

3.1.1   Incremental Costs

3.1.2   Fuel Costs

3.2  Vehicle Availability

3.2.1   North America

3.2.2   Europe

3.2.3   Asia Pacific

3.2.4   Latin America

3.2.5   Middle East & Africa

4. Technology Issues

4.1  Chemical Characteristics of NG

4.1.1   CNG

4.1.2   Bio-Natural Gas

4.2  Vehicle Technology

4.2.1   CNG Cylinders

4.2.2   Advanced Low-Pressure Storage

4.2.3   NG in Direct Injection Engines

4.2.4   Future Potential for LNG

4.3  CNG Refueling Infrastructure

5. Key Industry Players

5.1  Key Players

5.1.1   Fiat Group Automobiles SPA

5.1.2   Ford Motor Co.

5.1.3   GM

5.1.4   Honda Motor Co., Ltd.

5.1.5   IMPCO Technologies

5.1.6   Landi Renzo SPA

5.1.7   Magneti Marelli SPA

5.1.8   Mercedes-Benz

5.1.9   Robert Bosch GmbH

5.1.10   Suzuki

5.1.11   VW

5.1.12   Westport Innovations, Inc.

5.1.12.1   BAF Technologies (Subsidiary of Westport Innovations)

5.2  Industry Players

5.2.1   Altech-Eco Corp.

5.2.2   BRC Gas Equipment

5.2.3   Chrysler Group, LLC

5.2.4   Clean Energy Fuels

5.2.5   Delphi Automotive LLP

5.2.6   Fuel Systems Solutions, Inc.

5.2.7   General Electric

5.2.8   GNC Galileo

5.2.9   Hyundai Motor Group

5.2.10   Leggett & Platt Commercial Vehicle Products

5.2.11   NatGasCar, LLC

5.2.12   Quantum Fuel Systems Technologies Worldwide, Inc.

5.2.13   Renault

5.2.14   Toyota Motor Corp.

5.2.15   Venchurs Vehicle Systems

6. Market Forecasts

6.1  LD Vehicle Sales Forecasts

6.2  Cumulative LD Vehicles on the Roads Forecasts

6.3  Refueling Infrastructure Forecasts

6.3.1   Home Refueling Appliances in North America

6.4  Fuel Consumption by Transportation Forecasts

6.5  Conclusions and Recommendations

6.5.1   North America

6.5.2   Europe

6.5.3   Asia Pacific

6.5.4   Rest of the World

7. Company Directory
8. Acronym and Abbreviation List
9. Table of Contents
10. Table of Charts and Figures
11. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Cumulative Light Duty NGVs on the Road by Segment, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals, United States: 2007-2011
  • 15 Global Markets with Lowest Square Miles per NGV Refueling Station: 2013
  • Total Cost of Ownership Comparison between Gasoline and CNG Pickup Trucks,  United States:
    Over 8 Years
  • Estimated Market Share of CNG Vehicle OEMs, Western Europe: 2013
  • Historical Light Duty NGV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2009-2013
  • Annual Light Duty NGV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Consumer and Fleet Share of CNG Vehicle Sales, World Market: 2014-2023
  • Annual Light Duty NGV Sales by Segment, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Sales of CNG Cylinders Used in Light Duty Vehicles by Segment, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Cumulative Light Duty Vehicles on the Road by Alternative Drivetrain, World Markets:  2014-2023
  • Cumulative Light Duty NGVs on the Road by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Cumulative Light Duty NGVs on the Road, Top Five States: 2014-2023
  • Cumulative NGV Refueling Stations by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Natural Gas Consumed by Vehicles by Segment, World Markets: 2014-2023

List of Tables

  • Cumulative Light Duty NGVs on the Road by Segment, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • NGVs Available and Conversion Companies, North America: 2009-2015
  • Properties of Natural Gas Compared to Other Fuels
  • Fiat SWOT Analysis
  • Ford SWOT Analysis
  • GM SWOT Analysis
  • Honda SWOT Analysis
  • IMPCO SWOT Analysis
  • Landi Renzo SWOT Analysis
  • Magneti Marelli SWOT Analysis
  • Mercedes-Benz SWOT Analysis
  • Suzuki SWOT Analysis
  • Bosch SWOT Analysis
  • Total Annual Light Duty NGV Sales by Segment, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Volkswagen SWOT Analysis
  • Westport Innovations SWOT Analysis
  • CNG Refueling Stations, Top 10 States: 2011-2013
  • Corporate Average Fuel Economy Regulations, United States: 2013-2025
  • NGV Incentives by Region, United States: 2013
  • NGV Incentives by Country, Europe: 2013
  • NGVs Available and Conversion Companies, North America: 2009-2015
  • NGVs Available, Western Europe: 2011-2014
  • Estimated Total Cost of Ownership Comparison, United States: 2013
  • Estimated Annual CNG Pickup Vehicle Total Cost of Ownership, United States: Over 8 Years
  • Estimated Annual Gasoline Pickup Truck Total Cost of Ownership, United States: Over 8 Years
  • Average Gasoline Price by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Average Diesel Price by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Average CNG Price by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • CNG as a Percentage of Gasoline Prices by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Gross Domestic Product by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Properties of Natural Gas Compared to Other Fuels
  • Cumulative CNG Refueling Stations by State, United States: 2011-2013
  • Total Annual Light Duty Vehicle Sales by Region, World Markets: 2009-2023
  • Total Annual Light Duty Vehicle Fleet Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Total Annual NGV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2009-2023
  • Growth Rate of Annual NGV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2010-2023
  • Annual Natural Gas Passenger Car Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Annual Natural Gas Light Duty Truck/Commercial Vehicle Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Total Annual Light Duty NGV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • NGV Sales as a Percentage of Total Light Duty Vehicle Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Total Annual Light Duty NGV Consumer Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Total Annual Light Duty NGV Fleet Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • NGV Percentage of Total Light Duty Fleet Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Annual Light Duty NGV Sales by Segment, North America: 2013-2023
  • Annual Light Duty NGV Sales by Segment, Western Europe: 2013-2023
  • Annual Light Duty NGV Sales by Segment, Eastern Europe: 2013-2023
  • Annual Light Duty NGV Sales by Segment, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Annual Light Duty NGV Sales by Segment, Latin America: 2013-2023
  • Annual Light Duty NGV Sales by Segment, Middle East & Africa: 2013-2023
  • Cumulative Light Duty Vehicles on the Road by Alternative Drivetrain, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Cumulative Natural Gas Passenger Cars on the Road by Region, World Markets:  2013-2023
  • Cumulative Light Duty Natural Gas Trucks on the Road by Region, World Markets:  2013-2023
  • Total Light Duty NGVs on the Road by Region, World Markets:  2013-2023
  • Cumulative Light Duty NGVs on the Road by State, United States: 2013-2023
  • Percentage of Light Duty NGVs on the Road by State, United States: 2013-2023
  • Cumulative NGV Refueling Stations by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Top 25 Markets with Fewest Square Miles per Station: 2013
  • Natural Gas Consumed by Vehicles by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Percentage of Natural Gas Used in Transportation Consumed by Light Duty Vehicles, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Annual Sales of CNG Cylinders Used in Passenger Cars by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Annual Sales of CNG Cylinders Used in Light Duty Trucks by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Annual Sales of CNG Cylinders Used in Medium Duty/Heavy Duty Trucks and Buses by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Percentage of CNG Cylinders Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023

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