Microgrid Enabling Technologies

Distributed Generation, Inverters, Energy Storage, Load Controls, Electric
Vehicles, and Software Networking: Global Market Analysis and Forecasts

The microgrid market has changed significantly since 2012. For example, a much greater emphasis is now being placed on the economic value microgrids bring to the entire utility-led macrogrid. Furthermore, the value proposition for advanced energy storage has been greatly advanced by governments and regulators in key microgrid markets. Perhaps the most noteworthy change, though, is the investigation of new business models designed to support full commercial implementation of microgrid systems.

This report profiles a variety of microgrid enabling technology (MET) options, many of which play significant roles as the purpose and design of microgrids expand to encompass technologies and services related to smart buildings, demand response, distribution and substation automation, and smart meters. The leading market opportunity within the realm of microgrids is with different forms of distributed generation (DG), including diesel generators, natural gas generators, and other forms of renewable DG. However, there is market opportunity within the microgrid space beyond DG. In fact, advanced energy storage will represent the single largest investment category among MET options by 2023, though DG investments as a whole will still be larger. According to Navigant Research, global annual DG vendor revenue is expected to grow from $1.8 billion in 2014 to $9.6 billion in 2023.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the global market for significant METs, including diesel generators, natural gas generators, fuel cells, solar PV, distributed wind, other renewables (micro-hydro and biomass), combined heat and power (CHP), smart islanding inverters, advanced energy storage, plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) energy storage capacity, and microgrid software. The study provides an analysis of the market issues, including technology drivers and implementation challenges, associated with microgrid technologies. Global market forecasts for capacity and revenue, segmented by technology and region, extend through 2023. The report also examines the basic principles and commercial time horizons for key METs, as well as the competitive landscape.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • Which technologies represent the best near- and long-term investment opportunities within the microgrid space?
  • How do distributed generation (DG) options stack up in terms of microgrid market share globally?
  • Which standards are shaping markets for different classes of key microgrid components?
  • Who are the leading players when it comes to providing integration and optimization technologies for microgrids?
  • How do key large technology players differentiate themselves in this market?
  • Why will software spending on microgrids double on a percentage basis over the next decade?
Who needs this report?
  • Distributed generation (DG) technology suppliers
  • Battery storage innovators and integrators
  • Inverter manufacturers
  • Microgrid developers
  • Smart building managers
  • Utilities
  • Regulators
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Introduction

1.2  Market Forecasts

2. Market Issues  

2.1  What Is a Microgrid?

2.1.1   Emerging Value Proposition Underpinning Microgrids

2.1.2   Key Applications

2.2  Current Microgrid Technology Drivers

2.2.1   Rising Cost of Diesel Fuel

2.2.2   Natural Gas Price Dynamics

2.2.3   Distributed Renewables Integration

2.2.4   Distribution and Substation Automation Trends

2.2.5   Smart Inverter Advances

2.2.6   Smart Switches

2.2.7   Advanced Energy Storage

2.2.8   Automated DR

2.2.9   Smart Buildings

2.2.10   Rising Popularity of PEVs

   2.2.10.1  Case Study: University of California, San Diego

2.2.11   Microgrid Controllers

2.2.12   Unique DC Microgrid Considerations

2.3  Implementation Challenges: Key Component Standards

2.3.1   UL 1741 Safety Standards for Grid Devices

2.3.2   IEEE Standards for DG

2.3.3   IEEE Standards for Energy Storage

2.3.4   IEC Standards for Transmission and Distribution Systems and Interoperability

2.3.5   DC Medium-Voltage Standards

2.3.6   EV Charging Standards

   2.3.6.1  DC Fast Charging

   2.3.6.2  EPRI’s Open Grid Integration Platform

3. Technology Issues

3.1  MET Overview

3.2  Component Breakdown of Microgrids

3.3  DG

3.4  Diesel Generators

3.5  Natural Gas Generators

3.5.1  Commercial Time Horizon

3.6  Fuel Cells

3.6.1  Basic Principles

3.6.2  Commercial Time Horizon

3.7  Solar PV

3.7.1  Basic Principles

3.7.2  Commercial Time Horizon

3.8  Distributed Wind

3.8.1  Basic Principles

3.8.2  Commercial Time Horizon

3.9  Other Renewables

3.9.1  Hydroelectric

3.9.2  Biomass

3.10  CHP

3.10.1  Basic Principles

3.10.2  Commercial Time Horizon

3.11  Smart Islanding Inverters

3.11.1  Basic Principles

3.11.2  Commercial Time Horizon

3.12  Advanced Energy Storage

3.12.1  Basic Principles

3.12.2  Commercial Time Horizon

3.13  EV Charging Technologies

3.13.1  Basic Principles

3.13.2  Commercial Time Horizon

3.14  Other Potential Microgrid Enabling Hardware Devices

3.15  Software Innovation

3.15.1  Basic Principles

3.15.2  Commercial Time Horizon

4. Key Industry Players 

4.1  Company Profiles Overview

4.2  Large Master Controller and System Integrators

4.2.1   ABB

4.2.2   GE Digital Energy

4.2.3   Lockheed Martin

4.2.4   Schneider Electric

4.2.5   Siemens AG

4.3  DG Innovators

4.3.1   Bloom Energy

4.3.2   Cummins Inc.

4.3.3   Northern Power Systems

4.3.4   SunEdison

4.3.5   Tecogen

4.4  Smart Islanding Inverters

4.4.1   Princeton Power Systems

4.4.2   SMA Solar Technology AG

4.5  Energy Storage

4.5.1   ViZn Energy Systems, Inc.

4.5.2   Win Inertia

4.5.3   Younicos

4.6  Smart Buildings

4.6.1   Honeywell

4.6.2   Johnson Controls, Inc.

4.7  Smart Switches

4.7.1   S&C Electric Company

4.8  Smaller Microgrid Controls Specialists

4.8.1   Encorp

4.8.2   ETAP

4.8.3   Green Energy Corp.

4.8.4   IPERC

4.9  PEV Charging and Energy Storage Innovators

4.9.1   Boulder Electric Vehicle

4.9.2   Ford

4.9.3   Nissan

5. Market Forecasts  

5.1  MET Market Forecast Overview

5.2  DG

5.3  Overall MET Market Share Estimates

5.4  Leading DG Revenue Opportunities: Solar PV and Distributed Wind

5.5  CHP

5.6  Smart Islanding Inverters

5.7  Advanced Energy Storage

5.8  PEV Energy Storage

5.9  Microgrid Optimization Software

5.10  Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Total Annual Distributed Generation Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Microgrid Capacity by Segment, World Markets: 2Q 2014
  • Average Spot Price of Natural Gas by Select Market: 2001-2012
  • Smart Meters for DA Applications Installed Base by Region, World Markets: 2012-2020
  • Commercial Building Automation Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2012-2021
  • Distributed Solar PV System Prices (Non-Weighted Average) by Component, World Markets: 2006-2013
  • DG Capacity Market Share in Microgrids, World Markets: 2014
  • DG Capacity Market Share in Microgrids, World Markets: 2023
  • Total Annual Distributed Generation Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • MET Vendor Revenue Market Share by Technology, World Markets: 2014
  • MET Vendor Revenue Market Share by Technology, World Markets: 2023
  • Annual Solar PV Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Solar PV Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Distributed Wind Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Distributed Wind Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual CHP Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual CHP Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Smart Islanding Inverter Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Smart Islanding Inverter Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Energy Storage Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Energy Storage Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual PEV Energy Storage Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual PEV Energy Storage Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Microgrid Software Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual Microgrid Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • General Electric’s Microgrid Energy Manager
  • Solar PV vs. Diesel Fuel Prices: 2001-2013
  • Diagram of CERTS Microgrid
  • Technology Drivers for DC Applications, Including Microgrids
  • Microgrid Economic Capabilities Matrix per Internal Technology and External Markets
  • Microgrids as a Portion of U.S. CHP Market
  • Centralized vs. Distributed Controls for Microgrids
  • Merger of GE and Alstom Grid: Shared History

List of Tables

  • Operating and Cost Characteristics of Key DG Technologies for Microgrids: 2014
  • Estimated Microgrid Component Prices, Key Markets: 2013
  • Annual Diesel Generator Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Diesel Generator Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Natural Gas Generator Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Natural Gas Generator Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Fuel Cell Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Fuel Cell Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Solar PV Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Solar PV Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Distributed Wind Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Distributed Wind Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Other Renewables Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Other Renewables Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual Distributed Generation Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual Distributed Generation Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual CHP Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual CHP Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Smart Islanding Inverter Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Smart Islanding Inverter Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Energy Storage Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Energy Storage Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual PEV Energy Storage Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual PEV Energy Storage Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Microgrid Software Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual Microgrid Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lexicon of Nanogrids, Microgrids, and VPPs
  • Microgrid Technology Matrix of Today’s Mandatory Components
  • Microgrid Technology Matrix of Future Idealized Components
  • Energy Storage for Microgrid Services by Microgrid Type
  • Diesel Generators for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • Natural Gas Generators for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • Fuel Cells for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • Solar PV for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • Distributed Wind for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • Hydroelectricity for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • Biomass for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • CHP for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • Smart Islanding Inverters for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • Advanced Energy Storage for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • PEVs for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • Software Controls for Microgrids SWOT Analysis

Report Details

  • Pages: 106
  • Tables, Charts,
    Figures:
    75
  • Release Date: 3Q 2014

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