Nanogrids

Grid-Tied and Remote Commercial, Residential, and Mobile Distribution Networks: Global Market Analysis and Forecasts

Nanogrids are modular building blocks for energy services that support applications ranging from emergency power for commercial buildings to the provision of basic electricity services for people living in extreme poverty. In many ways, nanogrids are just small microgrids, typically serving a single building or a single load. Because of the simplicity, the technology requirements for nanogrids are less complex (in most cases) than those for either microgrids or the utility-dominated smart grid.

Ironically, nanogrids are big business. While microgrids exhibit exponential growth and share synergistic properties with many nanogrid segments, substantial deployments of nanogrids are already in place. This is because they actually face less technical and regulatory barriers than their microgrid counterparts. Nanogrids can be synergistic with the growing movement toward enhancing resiliency and therefore complement microgrids, but there are times and situations when microgrids and nanogrids will be competing for the same customers. Despite the small scale of nanogrid solutions, a number of familiar names are active in these nanogrid markets, among them Bosch, Eaton, Emerson Network Power, Johnson Controls, and NRG Energy. Navigant Research forecasts that global nanogrid vendor revenue will grow from $37.8 billion in 2014 to $59.5 billion in 2023.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the emerging global market for nanogrids, with special emphasis on contrasting nanogrids with microgrids. The study provides an analysis of the market issues, including business cases and implementation challenges, associated with nanogrids. Global market forecasts for capacity and revenue, broken out by subsegment and region, extend through 2023. The report also examines the key technologies related to nanogrids, as well as the competitive landscape.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • What is a nanogrid and how does it differ from a microgrid?
  • What are the key nanogrid segments and which ones are the most mature markets?
  • Which vendors are most active in the nanogrid space?
  • When do nanogrids complement microgrid deployments?
  • When do nanogrids compete with microgrids?
  • Which regions of the world are nanogrid hot spots and why?
  • Why are nanogrid markets so much larger than microgrid markets in both grid-tied and remote applications?
Who needs this report?
  • Smart grid hardware vendors
  • Grid optimization software innovators
  • Solar PV and other distributed generation suppliers
  • Advanced energy storage manufacturers
  • Demand response purveyors
  • Government agencies and regulators
  • Non-governmental organizations
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Nanogrid Market Overview

1.2  Market Forecasts

2. Market Issues 

2.1  Mapping the Nanogrid Universe

2.1.1   Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Definition

2.1.2   Ethernet Alliance Vision

2.1.3   Intel’s USB Drives

2.1.4   Navigant Research Definition

   2.1.4.1  Nanogrids versus Microgrids

   2.1.4.2  Nanogrids Matter

2.2  Business Case for Nanogrids

2.2.1   Grid-Tied Nanogrids

2.2.2   Remote Nanogrids

2.2.3   AC Nanogrids

2.2.4   DC Nanogrids

2.3  Nanogrid Market Subsegment Landscape

2.3.1   Commercial Grid-Tied Nanogrids

2.3.2   Residential Grid-Tied Nanogrids

   2.3.2.1  Case Study: OutBack Power Nanogrid in Snohomish, Washington

2.3.3   Remote Residential Nanogrids

2.3.4   Remote Commercial Nanogrids

2.3.5   Mobile Nanogrids

2.3.6   Military Nanogrids

2.4  Implementation Issues

2.4.1   Parallels with Microgrid Movement

2.4.2   Contrasts with Microgrid Movement

2.4.3   The Ethernet, DC Networking, and Nanogrids

2.4.4   Third-Party Ancillary Services: Virtual Power Plants

2.4.5   Demand Charge Abatement

2.4.6   Diesel Price/Solar PV Tradeoffs

2.4.7   Bottom of the Pyramid Opportunities

   2.4.7.1  Case Study: The Impact of Telecom on Remote Nanogrid Business Models

3. Technology Issues

3.1  Nanogrid Technology Overview

3.2  Distributed Generation

3.2.1   Diesel Generation

3.2.2   Solar PV

3.2.3   Small Wind Turbines

3.3  Advanced Energy Storage

3.3.1   Advanced Lead-Acid

3.3.2   Flywheels

3.3.3   Advanced Lithium Ion

3.3.4   Flow Batteries

3.3.5   Sodium Metal Halide

3.4  UPS Systems

3.5  Smart Bidirectional Inverters

3.6  Automated Demand Response

3.7  DC Technology Trends

3.7.1   DC LED Lighting

3.7.2   DC EV Charging Technology

3.7.3   DC Plug Loads

3.7.4   DC versus AC Building Controls: PoE

4. Key Industry Players 

4.1  Nanogrid Market Vendor Profiles

4.2  Smart Building Innovators

4.2.1   Bosch Group

4.2.2   Eaton Corp.

4.2.3   Greensmith Energy Management Systems

4.2.4   Johnson Controls, Inc.

4.2.5   Power Generation Services

4.3  DC Technology Purveyors

4.3.1   Moixa Technology

4.3.2   Nextek Power Systems

4.3.3   Pika Energy

4.4  Energy Storage and Converter System Providers

4.4.1   Green Charge Networks

4.4.2   Ideal Power

4.4.3   Sunverge Energy

4.5  Remote Nanogrid Players

4.5.1   Emerson Network Power

4.5.2   Flexenclosure

4.6  Non-Mobile Remote Nanogrid Players

4.6.1   Alpha Group

4.6.2   Trama TechAmbiental

4.6.3   Village Infrastructure

4.7  Mobile Nanogrid Suppliers and EV System Optimizers

4.7.1   NRG Energy

4.7.2   Odyne Systems

4.7.3   TimberRock Energy Solutions

4.7.4   VIA Motors

5. Market Forecasts   

5.1  Nanogrid Market Overview

5.1.1   Microgrids versus Nanogrids

5.2  Nanogrid Capacity/Revenue Relationships

5.2.1   Grid-Tied Nanogrids

   5.2.1.1  Capacity Forecasts

   5.2.1.2  Revenue Forecasts

5.2.2   Remote Nanogrids

   5.2.2.1  Capacity Forecasts

   5.2.2.2  Revenue Forecasts

5.3  Subsegment Profiles

5.3.1   Commercial Grid-Tied Nanogrids

5.3.2   Grid-Tied Mobile Nanogrids

   5.3.2.1  Commercial Remote Nanogrids

   5.3.2.2  Residential Remote Nanogrids

5.4  Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Total Annual Nanogrid Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Mobile Tactical Microgrid Capacity, United States: 2012-2018
  • Average Solar PV System Prices (Non-Weighted) by Region, World Markets: 2011-2020
  • Cumulative Nanogrid Vendor Revenue by Region and Segment, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual Microgrid Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Total Annual Nanogrid Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Grid-Tied Nanogrid Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Grid-Tied Nanogrid Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Remote Nanogrid Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Remote Nanogrid Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Commercial Grid-Tied Nanogrid Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Commercial Grid-Tied Nanogrid Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Grid-Tied Mobile Nanogrid PEV Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual Grid-Tied Bidirectional PEV Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Grid-Tied Mobile Nanogrid PEV Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Commercial Remote Nanogrid Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Commercial Remote Nanogrid Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Residential Remote Nanogrid Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Residential Remote Nanogrid Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Megagrid, Milligrid, Microgrid, and Nanogrid
  • Diagram of Key Nanogrid Components
  • Enernet: Connecting Nanogrids to Microgrids and Macrogrids
  • Map of U.S. Stock of Net Zero Energy Building State Locations
  • The Link between Solar PV Cost Declines and the Rise in Mobile Phone Usage
  • Current Addressable Off-Grid Energy Markets
  • Expansion of Mobile Phone Networks vs. Electricity Expansion Worldwide: 2000-2012
  • Green Telecom Tower Deployments, World Markets: 2009-2013
  • Optimizing Plug Loads in Commercial Buildings
  • Bulk Generation Retirements Totaling 59 GW
  • Depiction of REbus Home Grid-Tied DC Nanogrid
  • Size Comparison between Conventional Converters and Ideal Power Converters
  • TTA’s Nanogrid/Microgrid Deployments
  • GM eMotor Plant Nanogrid

List of Tables

  • Grid-Tied Nanogrids SWOT Analysis
  • Remote Nanogrids SWOT Analysis
  • AC Nanogrids SWOT Analysis
  • DC Nanogrids SWOT Analysis
  • Current Market Drivers and Barriers by Region for DC Power Grid-Tied Nanogrids
  • Operating and Cost Characteristics of Energy Storage Technologies for Nanogrids: 2013
  • Bosch Group SWOT Analysis
  • Nextek Power Systems SWOT Analysis
  • Sunverge Energy SWOT Analysis
  • Emerson Network Power SWOT Analysis
  • Alpha Group SWOT Analysis
  • NRG Energy SWOT Analysis
  • Annual Grid-Tied Nanogrid Vendor Revenue by Region and Revenue Ranking, World Markets:
    2014 vs. 2023
  • Annual Remote Nanogrid Vendor Revenue by Region and Revenue Ranking, World Markets:
    2014 vs. 2023
  • Total Annual Nanogrid Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual Nanogrid Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Cumulative Nanogrid Vendor Revenue by Region and Segment, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Grid-Tied Nanogrid Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Grid-Tied Nanogrid Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Remote Nanogrid Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Remote Nanogrid Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Commercial Grid-Tied Nanogrid Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Commercial Grid-Tied Nanogrid Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Grid-Tied Bidirectional EVSE Unit Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Grid-Tied Mobile Nanogrid PEV Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual Grid-Tied Bidirectional PEV Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Grid-Tied Bidirectional EVSE Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Grid-Tied Mobile Nanogrid PEV Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual Grid-Tied Bidirectional PEV Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Commercial Remote Nanogrid Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Commercial Remote Nanogrid Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Residential Remote Nanogrid Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Residential Remote Nanogrid Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023

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