Natural Gas Trucks and Buses

Medium and Heavy Duty Natural Gas Trucks and Buses, Natural Gas Supply, Refueling Infrastructure, CNG, and LNG: Global Market Analysis and Forecasts

Two main issues are driving the increased usage of natural gas as a fuel for trucks and buses: the lower cost of natural gas and the lower emissions of natural gas engines. The compressed natural gas (CNG) and liquefied natural gas (LNG) used in trucks and buses are priced well below diesel in most countries, which means fleets can benefit from a total cost of ownership that is lower than that for comparable diesel vehicles. On the emissions side, the reduced carbon dioxide and particulate matter is attractive to fleets and regulatory agencies for vehicles operating in congested cities.

Demand for natural gas trucks and buses remains uneven on a regional basis, though North America and Asia Pacific stand out as regions with strong growth. In North America, where natural gas costs remain low, the growth of the vehicle market has gotten ahead of the refueling station development. In Asia Pacific, China and developing markets are looking to natural gas to help solve environmental woes in large cities. Navigant Research forecasts that the total number of natural gas vehicles (NGVs) on the road across the world will reach nearly 1.9 million trucks and a similar 1.8 million buses by 2022.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the global market for trucks and buses that are in the medium duty (10,000 to 26,000 pounds) and heavy duty (26,000 pounds or more) gross vehicle weight classes. The study provides an analysis of related market issues and drivers, including refueling availability, competing alternative drive technology, total cost of ownership, vehicle availability, and government influence. Global market forecasts for vehicle sales, vehicles on the ground, and fuel used are broken out by segment, fuel type, and region and extend through 2022. The report also examines the key technologies related to natural gas storage on vehicles, as well as the competitive landscape.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • Where are the largest markets for natural gas trucks and buses?
  • Which vehicle segment – medium or heavy duty – is more likely to experience higher sales growth?
  • How big a role do government emissions restrictions and purchase incentives play in the natural gas truck and bus market?
  • What types of compressed natural gas (CNG) cylinders are used in natural gas trucks?
  • What will be the penetration rate of liquefied natural gas (LNG) trucks?
  • How many natural gas refueling stations are available and how many will provide LNG?
  • How much natural gas will be used by the truck and bus market?
Who needs this report?
  • Vehicle manufacturers and suppliers
  • NGV conversion/upfitter companies
  • CNG cylinder manufacturers
  • LNG tank manufacturers
  • Natural gas companies
  • Government agencies
  • Industry associations
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Market Issues

1.2  Market Forecasts

2. Market Issues

2.1  History of Natural Gas Trucks and Buses

2.2  Truck and Bus Class Definitions

2.2.1   MD and HD Trucks

2.2.1.1   Vehicle Weight Limits

2.2.2   LD Trucks

2.2.3   MD and HD Buses

2.3  NG Supply

2.3.1   Hydraulic Fracturing

2.3.2   Drilling

2.3.3   Shipping and Pipelines

2.4  NG Refueling Infrastructure

2.4.1   Gas Grid Access and Alternatives

2.4.2   LNG Refueling

2.5  Competing Fuel Technology

2.5.1   Gasoline/Diesel

2.5.2   Propane

2.5.3   Biofuels

2.5.4   Electric and Hybrid

2.5.5   Fuel Cell

2.6  Government Influence

2.6.1   North America

2.6.2   Europe

2.6.3    Asia Pacific

2.6.3.1   China

2.6.3.2   Other Countries

2.6.4   Other Regions

3. Market Drivers

3.1  Engine and Vehicle Availability

3.2  Fuel Price Comparisons

3.3  Total Cost of Ownership Comparisons

3.3.1   Incremental Vehicle Costs

3.3.2   NGV Maintenance Costs

3.4  Specific Industries’ Interest in Natural Gas

3.4.1   Refuse

3.4.2   Delivery, Long Haul, and Logistics

3.4.3   Transit and Busing

3.4.4   Yard Operations

3.4.5   Energy Security Issues

3.4.6   Environmental Benefits

4. Technology Issues

4.1  Chemical Characteristics of NG

4.1.1   CNG

4.1.2   LNG

4.1.3   Biomethane

4.2  CNG Storage

4.2.1   Cylinders

4.2.2   Adsorbed Natural Gas Storage

4.3  LNG On-Vehicle Storage

4.4  Future Vehicle Combinations

4.5  Refueling Infrastructure

4.5.1   CNG Refueling Infrastructure

4.5.2   LNG Refueling Infrastructure

5. Key Industry Players

5.1  Key Industry Players

5.1.1   Agility Fuel Systems

5.1.2   Clean Air Power, Inc.

5.1.3   Cummins Westport, Inc.  (Joint Venture)

5.1.4   Landi Renzo SpA

5.1.5   Shaanxi Heavy-Duty Automobile Co., Ltd.

5.1.6     Trilogy Engineered Systems

5.1.7   Westport Innovations, Inc.

5.1.7.1   BAF Technologies, Inc.

5.1.8   Weichai Power Co., Ltd.

5.2  Other Industry Players

5.2.1   AB Volvo

5.2.2   Autocar, LLC

5.2.3   Beiqi Foton Motor Co. Ltd.

5.2.4   Clean Energy Fuels Corp.

5.2.5   CNH Industrial (Iveco)

5.2.6   Dongfeng Motor Corp.

5.2.7   Daimler AG

5.2.7.1   Mercedes Trucks

5.2.7.2   Freightliner Trucks

5.2.8   EControls, a Division of Enovation Controls, LLC

5.2.9   Ford Motor Co.

5.2.10  GAZ Group

5.2.11  Gillig, LLC

5.2.12  Isuzu Motors

5.2.13  OJSC KAMAZ

5.2.14  Mack Trucks, Inc.

5.2.15  Navistar, Inc.

5.2.16  New Flyer

5.2.17  Omnitek Engineering Corp.

5.2.18  Quantum Fuel Systems Technologies Worldwide

5.3  CNG Cylinder Manufacturers

6. Market Forecasts

6.1  Natural Gas Truck and Bus Forecasts

6.1.1   MD and HD Truck Forecasts

6.1.1.1   Annual Sales

6.1.1.2   Cumulative Vehicles

6.1.2   Trucks by Industry

6.1.3   MD and HD Bus Forecasts

6.1.3.1   Annual Sales

6.1.3.2   Cumulative Vehicles

6.2  LNG and CNG Truck Sales

6.3  Natural Gas Refueling Infrastructure Forecasts

6.3.1   CNG Stations

6.3.2   LNG Stations

6.4  NG Consumption by Trucks and Buses

6.5  Conclusions and Recommendations

7. Company Directory
8. Acronym and Abbreviation List
9. Table of Contents
10. Table of Charts and Figures
11. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Cumulative Natural Gas Vehicles in Use by Segment, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals, United States: 2007-2011
  • Fuel Price by Type, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Percentage of Natural Gas Heavy Duty Truck Component Costs, North America: 2013
  • Estimated Market Share for CNG High Pressure Cylinders by Type Used in Heavy Duty Trucks, World Markets: 2013
  • Total Annual Natural Gas Truck Sales by Vehicle Weight, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Total Natural Gas Trucks on the Road by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • LNG Temperature and Pressure Relationship
  • Total Annual Natural Gas Heavy Duty Truck Sales by Type, United States: 2013-2022
  • Total Natural Gas Buses on the Road by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Types of CNG Storage Cylinders
  • Total Annual LNG and CNG Heavy Duty Truck Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • China EIA/ARI Shale Gas/Oil Assessment: 2013
  • Cumulative Natural Gas Vehicle Refueling Stations by Type, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Natural Gas Consumed by Medium Duty and Heavy Duty Vehicles, World Markets: 2013-2022

List of Tables

  • Examples of Natural Gas Truck Payback Periods, United States: 2013
  • Properties of Natural Gas Compared to Other Fuels
  • Agility Fuel Systems SWOT Analysis
  • Clean Air Power SWOT Analysis
  • Cummins Westport SWOT Analysis
  • Landi Renzo SWOT Analysis
  • Shaanxi Heavy-Duty Automobile Co. SWOT Analysis
  • Trilogy Engineered Systems SWOT Analysis
  • Westport Innovations SWOT Analysis
  • Cumulative Medium Duty Natural Gas Trucks on the Road by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Cumulative Heavy Duty Natural Gas Trucks on the Road by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Total Natural Gas Trucks on the Road by Region, World Markets:2013-2022
  • Weichai Power SWOT Analysis
  • Natural Gas Cylinder Industry Participants
  • United States Truck Fuel Economy and Emissions Regulations
  • European Commission Heavy Truck Emissions Regulations
  • Natural Gas Vehicle Incentives by Country, Europe: 2013
  • Natural Gas Vehicle Incentives, United States: 2013
  • Examples of Natural Gas Truck Payback Periods, United States: 2013
  • Natural Gas Heavy Duty Truck Component Costs, North America: 2013
  • Percentage of Natural Gas Heavy Duty Truck Component Costs, North America: 2013
  • Average Gasoline Price by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Average Diesel Price by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Average CNG Price by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • CNG as a Percentage of Diesel Prices by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Gross Domestic Product by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Properties of Natural Gas Compared to Other Fuels
  • Estimated Market Share for CNG High Pressure Cylinders by Type Used in Heavy Duty Trucks, World Markets: 2013
  • Cummins Westport and Westport Innovations Natural Gas Engines Available to HD Trucks
  • Cumulative NGV Stations by State, United States: 2013
  • Total Annual Natural Gas Medium Duty and Heavy Duty Truck and Bus Sales History by Region, World Markets: 2009-2012
  • Total Annual Medium Duty and Heavy Duty Truck Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Total Annual Medium Duty and Heavy Duty Bus Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Total Annual Natural Gas Vehicle Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Growth Rate of Annual Natural Gas Vehicle Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Total Annual Medium Duty Natural Gas Bus Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Total Annual Heavy Duty Natural Gas Bus Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Total Annual Natural Gas Bus Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Natural Gas Bus Sales as a Percentage of Total Bus Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Total Annual Medium Duty Natural Gas Truck Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Total Annual Heavy Duty Natural Gas Truck Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Total Annual Natural Gas Truck Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Natural Gas Truck Sales as a Percentage of Total Truck Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Cumulative Natural Gas Vehicles in Use by Segment and Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Cumulative Medium Duty Natural Gas Buses on the Road by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Cumulative Heavy Duty Natural Gas Buses on the Road by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Total Natural Gas Buses on the Road by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Total LNG Trucks on the Road by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • LNG as a Percentage of Heavy Duty Natural Gas Truck Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Total Annual CNG Heavy Duty Truck Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Total Annual Natural Gas Heavy Duty Truck Sales by Type, United States: 2013-2022
  • Total Annual Heavy Duty Truck Sales by Type, United States: 2013-2022
  • Natural Gas Trucks as a Percentage of Heavy Duty Truck Sales by Type, United States: 2013-2022
  • Cumulative Natural Gas Vehicle Refueling Stations by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Cumulative LNG Refueling Stations by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Total Natural Gas Vehicles per Cumulative Refueling Station by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Natural Gas Consumed by Vehicles by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Gallons of LNG Used by Trucks by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Percentage of Natural Gas Used in Transportation Consumed by Trucks and Buses, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Annual Sales of CNG Cylinders Used in Medium Duty Trucks and Buses by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Annual Sales of CNG Cylinders Used in Heavy Duty Trucks by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Annual Sales of CNG Cylinders Used in Heavy Duty Buses by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Annual Sales of CNG Cylinders Used in Medium Duty and Heavy Duty Trucks and Buses by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022

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