As local and global energy issues continue to intensify, a greater emphasis is being placed on energy efficiency, renewable energy, and building energy use. Although zero energy buildings (ZEBs) have not become mainstream, they continue to be seen as the pinnacle for green and energy efficient buildings. Changes in technology, regulation, and education have allowed ZEBs to penetrate different markets across various building types outside of the single-family residences and 1-story office buildings that were first able to achieve net zero energy (ZNE).
ZEBs are feasible for offices, educational facilities, laboratories, and other building types. The technology to achieve ZNE in most buildings already exists, though it continues to improve. Regulation, education, and market awareness continue to expand and will help move the ZEB market forward. Educating all parties—from the designers to contractors to occupants—on the core concepts is imperative to achieving ZNE. Drivers behind ZNE projects include regulations, operating cost reductions, energy security, and customer attraction, among others. Organizations have also noted resilience as a key driver, as weather events and natural disasters have increasingly affected businesses in recent years.
This Navigant Research report analyzes the global market for ZNE buildings in the residential and commercial sectors. The study examines the major changes in the ZNE buildings market in the last few years, as well as issues that are keeping the market from taking off or becoming more mainstream. Key technology and design trends are analyzed, with a focus on analysis tools and design methods. The report also examines the regulations and education and outreach programs related to ZNE buildings.
Key Questions Addressed:
- What is a net zero energy (ZNE) building?
- How do design and construction practices for ZNE buildings differ from those for traditional buildings?
- What kinds of technologies are used in ZNE buildings?
- How is policy driving the adoption of ZNE buildings?
- What are the main barriers to the widespread adoption of ZNE buildings?
Who needs this report?
- Smart building service and technology vendors
- Energy efficient equipment vendors
- Real estate investors and property managers
- Production homebuilders
- Solar hardware vendors
- Electric utilities
- Government agencies and policymakers
- Investor community
Table of Contents
1. Executive Summary
2. Market Update
2.1 Residential versus Commercial
2.2 Technology and Design
2.2.1 Energy Analysis Tools
2.2.2 Integrative Design Method
2.3.1 Codes and Standards
126.96.36.199 ASHRAE and IECC
188.8.131.52 Energy Performance of Buildings Directive
184.108.40.206 Individual State and City Initiatives
220.127.116.11 Japan’s Zero Energy Building Requirements
18.104.22.168 US Government
2.3.2 Incentives and Financing
22.214.171.124 Electric Program Investment Charge
126.96.36.199 Energy Trust of Oregon
188.8.131.52 Public-Private Partnerships
184.108.40.206 Vermont Incentives and Financing
2.4 Education and Outreach
220.127.116.11 Architecture 2030
18.104.22.168 International Living Future Institute
22.214.171.124 New Buildings Institute
126.96.36.199 World Green Building Council
188.8.131.52 The United Nations
3. Conclusions and Recommendations
List of Charts and Figures
- Total Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, World Markets: 2016-2035
- New Buildings Institute-Tracked Cumulative Zero Energy Verified Buildings, North America: 2000-2015
- Site Boundary of Energy Transfer for Zero Energy Accounting
- California ZNE and Ultra-Low Energy Buildings by Type
- Recognized Benefits of Energy Efficiency within Organizations
- Design Process for Achieving ZNE
- Average Cost for End-Use Energy Savings
- Annual Solar PV Installed Costs, Residential and C&I Systems, United States: 2012-2020
- zEPI Scale to ZNE
- Macleamy Curve
- Residential Building Adoption of the IECC Standard
- Commercial Building Adoption of the ASHRAE Standard
List of Tables
- New Buildings Institute ZNE-Verified Buildings, United States: 2000-2015