Networking and Communications for Smart Grids and Smart Cities

Utility Investments in Wired, Wireless, Public, and Private Networks for Power Grid and Community Connectivity: Global Market Analysis and Forecasts

Utilities are ramping up their investments in grid connectivity and networking for the purpose of improved operating economics, energy efficiency, and grid reliability. But there is also growing recognition that the network that supports smart grid applications like advanced metering infrastructure (AMI), distribution automation (DA), and/or substation automation (SA) could become the backbone for far more than these version 1.0 smart grid applications.

Utilities that deploy a ubiquitous, high capacity communications network territorywide—an Energy Superhighway—will be in a position to provide connectivity services in a wide range of domains, including smart city applications such as smart street lighting, smart parking, transit services, security, and more. While the traditional practice of making siloed investments in application-centric networks remains the status quo at most utilities, Navigant Research believes a shift is forthcoming. The evolution of Internet of Things (IoT), which is more than just a buzzword, is dependent upon widespread communications networks. As a result, utility deployments of networking and communications technologies for smart grid—and in some cases, smart city—applications are accelerating. According to Navigant Research, global utility spend for smart grid and smart city networking and communications is projected to grow from $5.4 billion in 2016 to $9.5 billion in 2025.

This Navigant Research report provides a detailed review of the state of utility communications network deployments and services consumption worldwide. The study provides a long-range outlook for 12 prevalent wired and wireless communications technologies that utilities may leverage for smart grid and smart city applications. Global market forecasts for communications infrastructure and services, segmented by technology, application, and region, extend through 2025. The report also examines the key market and technology issues related to utility networking and communications equipment and services for smart grid and smart city applications, as well as the competitive landscape.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • How large is the power utility market for networking equipment and communications services? 
  • What are the leading communications technologies for smart metering networks?
  • Which new technologies will gain share over the next decade?
  • What smart city applications are utilities positioned to offer?
  • What networking technologies will be most suitable for each application?
  • How have utilities implemented various types of communications technologies?
  • What are the leading vendors in the market for utility networking technologies?
  • Which new entrants are leveraging emerging technologies?
Who needs this report?
  • Utilities
  • Communications service providers
  • Tower leasing companies
  • Networking hardware vendors
  • Networking software vendors
  • Utility regulators
  • Industry associations
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Overview

1.2  The Utility and the Connected Community: Market Outlook

1.3  Taking the Long View

2. Market Issues     

2.1  Internet of Things and the Energy Superhighway

2.2  Smart Grids and Smart Cities Converge

2.3  Market Trends and Drivers

2.4  Utility Communications: Requirements by Application

2.4.1     AMI

   2.4.1.1    Smart Metering Communications  Requirements

2.4.2     DA

   2.4.2.1    DA Communications Requirements

2.4.3     Substation Automation

   2.4.3.1    SCADA Systems

   2.4.3.2    Physical Security

   2.4.3.3    Workforce Communications

   2.4.3.4    SA Communications Requirements

2.4.4     Derivative Smart Grid Applications

   2.4.4.1    Outage and Fault Management and Outage Restoration Services

   2.4.4.2    Asset Management and Monitoring

   2.4.4.3    Distributed and Alternative Generation Integration

   2.4.4.4    DR

   2.4.4.5    Contingency and Capacity Planning

   2.4.4.6    Workforce Automation

   2.4.4.7    Transactive Energy

2.4.5     Smart City Application Domains

   2.4.5.1    Smart Street Lighting

   2.4.5.2    Smart Water

   2.4.5.3    Smart Waste

   2.4.5.4    Smart Transportation

   2.4.5.5    Security

   2.4.5.6    Smart City Communications by Application Domain

2.5  Regional Trends in Smart Grid and Smart City Communications

2.5.1     North America

2.5.2     Europe

2.5.3     Asia Pacific

   2.5.3.1    China

   2.5.3.2    India

2.5.4     Latin America and the Middle East & Africa

3. Technology Issues  

3.1  Introduction

3.2  Communications Infrastructure for Smart Grids and Smart Cities

3.2.1     Integrating Smart Communications: The Practical Reality

3.3  Private versus Public Communications Networks

3.4  Public Wired Technologies

3.4.1     Leased Lines

3.4.2     T-1/Time-Division Multiplexing Technology

3.5  Public Wireless Technologies

3.5.1     2G/3G Cellular

3.5.2     4G Cellular

3.5.3     5G

3.6  Private Wired Technologies

3.6.1      Dedicated Copper Communications

3.6.2     Fiber Optic Communications

   3.6.2.1    Case Study: EPB Chattanooga

3.6.3     PLC

3.7  Private Wireless Technologies

3.7.1     Proprietary RF Mesh

3.7.2     Private 4G

   3.7.2.1    LTE

   3.7.2.2    WiMAX

      3.7.2.2.1.   Case Study: SRP

      3.7.2.2.2.   Wake Electric Cooperative Case Study

3.7.3     Microwave Pt2Pt Links

3.7.4     Proprietary Pt2MPt Communications

3.7.5     Wi-Fi

   3.7.5.1    SVP Case Study

3.7.6     Satellite Communications

   3.7.6.1    SCE Case Study

3.7.7     Low-Power Networks

3.7.8     HETNets

4. Key Industry Players

4.1  Communications Equipment Vendors and Service Providers

4.1.1     ABB Wireless (Formerly Tropos Networks)

4.1.2     Aclara

4.1.3     AT&T

4.1.4     Cisco Systems

4.1.5     Ericsson

4.1.6     Firetide

4.1.7     GE 50

4.1.8     Hitachi

4.1.9     Honeywell International

4.1.10   Huawei

4.1.11   iDirect, Inc.

4.1.12   ingenu (formerly OnRamp Wireless)

4.1.13   Itron

4.1.14   Landis+Gyr

4.1.15   Nokia (formerly Alcatel-Lucent)

4.1.16   RAD Data Communications

4.1.17   S&C Electric

4.1.18   Sensus

4.1.19   Siemens AG

4.1.20   Silver Spring Networks

4.1.21   Tantalus Systems Corp.

4.1.22   Trilliant, Inc.

4.1.23   Verizon

4.2  Other Industry Participants

5. Market Forecasts    

5.1  Global Market Forecast Overview

5.2  Global Market Forecast Methodology

5.3  North America

5.4  Europe

5.5  Asia Pacific

5.6  Latin America

5.7  Middle East & Africa

5.8  Conclusions and Recommendations

5.8.1     Recommendations for Smart Communications Solutions Vendors

5.8.2     Recommendations for Utilities

6. Acronym and Abbreviation List
7. Table of Contents
8. Table of Charts and Figures
9. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Total Utility Spend for Smart Grid and Smart City Networking and Communications by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Percentage of Cumulative Utility Spend by Functional Application, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Total Utility Spend for Smart Grid and Smart City Networking and Communications by Category, North America: 2016-2025
  • Total Utility Spend for Smart Grid and Smart City Networking and Communications by Category, Europe: 2016-2025
  • Total Utility Spend for Smart Grid and Smart City Networking and Communications by Category, Asia Pacific: 2016-2025
  • Total Utility Spend for Smart Grid and Smart City Networking and Communications by Category, Latin America: 2016-2025
  • Total Utility Spend for Smart Grid and Smart City Networking and Communications by Category, Middle East & Africa: 2016-2025
  • Total Utility Spend for Smart Grid and Smart City Communications Equipment by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Total Utility Spend for Smart Grid and Smart City Communications Services by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Total Smart Grid Communications Equipment Revenue by Technology, North America: 2016-2025
  • Total Smart Grid Communications Services Revenue by Technology, North America: 2016-2025
  • Total Smart Grid Communications Equipment Revenue by Technology, Europe: 2016-2025
  • Total Smart Grid Communications Services Revenue by Technology, Europe: 2016-2025
  • Total Smart Grid Communications Equipment Revenue by Technology, Asia Pacific: 2016-2025
  • Total Smart Grid Communications Services Revenue by Technology, Asia Pacific: 2016-2025
  • Total Smart Grid Communications Equipment Revenue by Technology, Latin America: 2016-2025
  • Total Smart Grid Communications Services Revenue by Technology, Latin America: 2016-2025
  • Total Smart Grid Communications Equipment Revenue by Technology, Middle East & Africa: 2016-2025
  • Total Smart Grid Communications Services Revenue by Technology, Middle East & Africa: 2016-2025
  • Incremental Communications Equipment and Services Revenue for Utility Smart City Applications by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Incremental Communications Equipment Revenue for Utility Smart City Applications by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Incremental Communications Services Revenue for Utility Smart City Applications by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Incremental Communications Equipment Revenue for Smart City Applications by Application, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Participants in a TE System

List of Tables

  • Total Meters by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Total Transmission Substations by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Total Distribution Substations by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Total Distribution Line Miles by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Total Secondary Substations by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Smart Meters by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Connected Transmission Substations by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Connected Distribution Substations by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Connected Distribution Line Miles by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Connected Secondary Substations by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Smart Meter Penetration by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Connected Transmission Substation Penetration by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Connected Distribution Substation Penetration by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Connected Distribution Line Mile Penetration by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Connected Secondary Substation Penetration by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Smart Meter Shipments by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Newly Connected and Upgraded Transmission Substations by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Newly Connected and Upgraded Distribution Substations by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Newly Connected Distribution Line Miles by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Newly Connected Secondary Substations by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Smart Meter Shipments by Technology, North America: 2016-2025
  • Newly Connected and Upgraded Transmission Substations by Technology, North America: 2016-2025
  • Newly Connected and Upgraded Distribution Substations by Technology, North America: 2016-2025
  • Newly Connected Distribution Line Miles by Technology, North America: 2016-2025
  • Smart Meter Shipment Share by Technology, North America: 2016-2025
  • Newly Connected and Upgraded Transmission Share by Technology, North America: 2016-2025
  • Newly Connected and Upgraded Distribution Share by Technology, North America: 2016-2025
  • Newly Connected Distribution Line Mile Share by Technology, North America: 2016-2025
  • AMI Installed Base Share by Technology, North America: 2016-2025
  • Transmission Substation Connectivity Installed Base by Technology, North America: 2016-2025
  • Distribution Substation Connectivity Installed Base by Technology, North America: 2016-2025
  • Connected Distribution Line Miles Installed Base by Technology, North America: 2016-2025
  • AMI Equipment Revenue by Technology, North America: 2016-2025
  • Transmission Substation Communications Equipment Revenue by Technology, North America: 2016-2025
  • Distribution Substation Communications Equipment Revenue by Technology, North America: 2016-2025
  • Feeder Automation Device Communications Node Revenue by Technology, North America: 2016-2025
  • Total Smart Grid Communications Equipment Revenue by Technology, North America: 2016-2025
  • Total Smart Grid Communications Services Revenue by Technology, North America: 2016-2025
  • Smart Meter Shipments by Technology, Europe: 2016-2025
  • Newly Connected and Upgraded Transmission Substations by Technology, Europe: 2016-2025
  • Newly Connected and Upgraded Distribution Substations by Technology, Europe: 2016-2025
  • Newly Connected Distribution Line Miles by Technology, Europe: 2016-2025
  • Newly Connected Secondary Substations by Technology, Europe: 2016-2025
  • Smart Meter Shipment Share by Technology, Europe: 2016-2025
  • Newly Connected and Upgraded Transmission Substation Share by Technology, Europe: 2016-2025
  • Newly Connected and Upgraded Distribution Substation Share by Technology, Europe: 2016-2025
  • Newly Connected Distribution Line Mile Share by Technology, Europe: 2016-2025
  • Newly Connected Secondary Substation Share by Technology, Europe: 2016-2025
  • AMI Installed Base Share by Technology, Europe: 2016-2025
  • Transmission Substation Connectivity Installed Base by Technology, Europe: 2016-2025
  • Distribution Substation Connectivity Installed Base by Technology, Europe: 2016-2025
  • Connected Distribution Line Miles Installed Base by Technology, Europe: 2016-2025
  • Connected Secondary Substation Connectivity Installed Base by Technology, Europe: 2016-2025
  • AMI Equipment Revenue by Technology, Europe: 2016-2025
  • Transmission Substation Communications Equipment Revenue by Technology, Europe: 2016-2025
  • Distribution Substation Communications Equipment Revenue by Technology, Europe: 2016-2025
  • Feeder Automation Device Communications Node Revenue by Technology, Europe: 2016-2025
  • Secondary Substation Communications Equipment Revenue by Technology, Europe: 2016-2025
  • Total Smart Grid Communications Equipment Revenue by Technology, Europe: 2016-2025
  • Total Smart Grid Communications Services Revenue by Technology, Europe: 2016-2025
  • Smart Meter Shipments by Technology, Asia Pacific: 2016-2025
  • Newly Connected and Upgraded Transmission Substations by Technology, Asia Pacific: 2016-2025
  • Newly Connected and Upgraded Distribution Substations by Technology, Asia Pacific: 2016-2025
  • Newly Connected Distribution Line Miles by Technology, Asia Pacific: 2016-2025
  • Smart Meter Shipment Share by Technology, Asia Pacific: 2016-2025
  • Newly Connected and Upgraded Transmission Substation Share by Technology, Asia Pacific: 2016-2025
  • Newly Connected and Upgraded Distribution Substation Share by Technology, Asia Pacific: 2016-2025
  • Newly Connected Distribution Line Mile Share by Technology, Asia Pacific: 2016-2025
  • AMI Installed Base Share by Technology, Asia Pacific: 2016-2025
  • Transmission Substation Connectivity Installed Base by Technology, Asia Pacific: 2016-2025
  • Distribution Substation Connectivity Installed Base by Technology, Asia Pacific: 2016-2025
  • Connected Distribution Line Miles Installed Base by Technology, Asia Pacific: 2016-2025
  • AMI Equipment Revenue by Technology, Asia Pacific: 2016-2025
  • Transmission Substation Communications Equipment Revenue by Technology, Asia Pacific: 2016-2025
  • Distribution Substation Communications Equipment Revenue by Technology, Asia Pacific: 2016-2025
  • Feeder Automation Device Communications Node Revenue by Technology, Asia Pacific: 2016-2025
  • Total Smart Grid Communications Equipment Revenue by Technology, Asia Pacific: 2016-2025
  • Total Smart Grid Communications Services Revenue by Technology, Asia Pacific: 2016-2025
  • Smart Meter Shipments by Technology, Latin America: 2016-2025
  • Newly Connected and Upgraded Transmission Substations by Technology, Latin America: 2016-2025
  • Newly Connected and Upgraded Distribution Substations by Technology, Latin America: 2016-2025
  • Newly Connected Distribution Line Miles by Technology, Latin America: 2016-2025
  • Smart Meter Shipment Share by Technology, Latin America: 2016-2025
  • Newly Connected and Upgraded Transmission Substation Share by Technology, Latin America: 2016-2025
  • Newly Connected and Upgraded Distribution Substation Share by Technology, Latin America: 2016-2025
  • Newly Connected Distribution Line Mile Share by Technology, Latin America: 2016-2025
  • AMI Installed Base Share by Technology, Latin America: 2016-2025
  • Transmission Substation Connectivity Installed Base by Technology, Latin America: 2016-2025
  • Distribution Substation Connectivity Installed Base by Technology, Latin America: 2016-2025
  • Connected Distribution Line Miles Installed Base by Technology, Latin America: 2016-2025
  • AMI Equipment Revenue by Technology, Latin America: 2016-2025
  • Transmission Substation Communications Equipment Revenue by Technology, Latin America: 2016-2025
  • Distribution Substation Communications Equipment Revenue by Technology, Latin America: 2016-2025
  • Feeder Automation Device Communications Node Revenue by Technology, Latin America: 2016-2025
  • Total Smart Grid Communications Equipment Revenue by Technology, Latin America: 2016-2025
  • Total Smart Grid Communications Services Revenue by Technology, Latin America: 2016-2025
  • Smart Meter Shipments by Technology, Middle East & Africa: 2016-2025
  • Newly Connected and Upgraded Transmission Substations by Technology, Middle East & Africa: 2016-2025
  • Newly Connected and Upgraded Distribution Substations by Technology, Middle East & Africa: 2016-2025
  • Newly Connected Distribution Line Miles by Technology, Middle East & Africa: 2016-2025
  • Smart Meter Shipment Share by Technology, Middle East & Africa: 2016-2025
  • Newly Connected and Upgraded Transmission Substation Share by Technology, Middle East & Africa: 2016-2025
  • Newly Connected and Upgraded Distribution Substation Share by Technology, Middle East & Africa: 2016-2025
  • Newly Connected Distribution Line Mile Share by Technology, Middle East & Africa: 2016-2025
  • AMI Installed Base Share by Technology, Middle East & Africa: 2016-2025
  • Transmission Substation Connectivity Installed Base by Technology, Middle East & Africa: 2016-2025
  • Distribution Substation Connectivity Installed Base by Technology, Middle East & Africa: 2016-2025
  • Connected Distribution Line Miles Installed Base by Technology, Middle East & Africa: 2016-2025
  • AMI Equipment Revenue by Technology, Middle East & Africa: 2016-2025
  • Transmission Substation Communications Equipment Revenue by Technology, Middle East & Africa: 2016-2025
  • Distribution Substation Communications Equipment Revenue by Technology, Middle East & Africa: 2016-2025
  • Feeder Automation Device Communications Node Revenue by Technology, Middle East & Africa: 2016-2025
  • Total Smart Grid Communications Equipment Revenue by Technology, Middle East & Africa: 2016-2025
  • Total Smart Grid Communications Services Revenue by Technology, Middle East & Africa: 2016-2025
  • Smart Meter Shipments by Technology, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Newly Connected and Upgraded Transmission Substations by Technology, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Newly Connected and Upgraded Distribution Substations by Technology, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Newly Connected Distribution Line Miles by Technology, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Smart Meter Shipment Share by Technology, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Newly Connected and Upgraded Transmission Substation Share by Technology, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Newly Connected and Upgraded Distribution Substation Share by Technology, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Newly Connected Distribution Line Mile Share by Technology, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • AMI Installed Base Share by Technology, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Transmission Substation Connectivity Installed Base by Technology, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Distribution Substation Connectivity Installed Base by Technology, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Connected Distribution Line Miles Installed Base by Technology, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • AMI Equipment Revenue by Technology, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Transmission Substation Communications Equipment Revenue by Technology, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Distribution Substation Communications Equipment Revenue by Technology, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Feeder Automation Device Communications Node Revenue by Technology, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Total Smart Grid Communications Equipment Revenue by Technology, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Total Smart Grid Communications Services Revenue by Technology, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Utility AMI Systems Leveraged for Smart City Applications by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Utility AMI Systems Leveraged for Smart City Applications by Application, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Utility AMI Systems Leveraged for Smart City Applications by AMI Technology, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Incremental Communications Node Shipments for Smart City Applications by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Incremental Communications Node Shipments for Smart City Applications by Application, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Incremental Communications Nodes for Smart City Applications by AMI Technology, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Incremental Communications Equipment Revenue for Utility Smart City Applications by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Incremental Communications Equipment Revenue for Smart City Applications by Application, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Incremental Communications Equipment Revenue for Utility Smart City Applications by AMI Technology, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Incremental Communications Services Revenue for Utility Smart City Applications by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Incremental Communications Equipment and Services Revenue for Utility Smart City Applications by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Total Utility Spend for Smart Grid and Smart City Communications Equipment by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Total Utility Spend for Smart Grid and Smart City Communications Services by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Total Utility Spend for Smart Grid and Smart City Networking and Communications by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Smart Grid Communications Requirements          
  • Smart Metering NAN and AMI-WAN Communications Requirements
  • DA Communications Requirements        
  • SA Communications Requirements        
  • Other Industry Participants

Report Details

  • Pages: 92
  • Tables, Charts,
    Figures:
    175
  • Release Date: 3Q 2016
  • Release File(s): PDF* and Excel *Indicates primary report file.

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