Off-Grid Power for Mobile Base Stations

Renewable and Alternative Energy Sources for Remote Mobile Telecommunications: Global Market Analysis and Forecasts

Demand for high quality, high reliability off-grid power is increasing yearly. In the coming years, a significant fraction of this demand will be met by some form of hybrid system that includes renewable or alternative energy sources. Of particular interest in this regard is growing demand for reliable, non-diesel-based energy sources from off-grid base transceiver stations for mobile communications networks.

Diesel generators, a solution that presents a number of economic, logistical, and environmental challenges, remain by far the most common energy source for such remote base stations. This market is small when compared with grid-tied base stations. But the level of market pain is such that the so-called “green base station,” which is essentially a combination of renewable, battery, and fuel cell technologies, is starting to see real market traction. Navigant Research forecasts that revenue for off-grid base station power will grow from $1.6 billion in 2012 to more than $10.5 billion in 2020.

This Navigant Research report examines the market for off-grid power for mobile base stations, focusing on renewable and alternative energy sources. The report includes a detailed analysis of the technology readiness of such systems, as well as an overview of the most likely technology combinations, including renewable generation with batteries and fuel cells, renewable generation with backup batteries, and standalone fuel cells. Market forecasts are provided for revenue, number of deployments, and capacity in megawatts, under base and optimistic scenarios, through 2020.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • What are the drivers for adoption of renewable and alternative energy to power off-grid mobile base stations?
  • Which technologies and systems are ready for commercial scale and which are still in the R&D stage?
  • What are the revenue and capacity projections for off-grid power systems for mobile base stations globally, through 2020?
  • What are the most likely technology combinations to meet the demand for off-grid power for mobile base stations?
  • How do these systems compare to incumbent technology, i.e., diesel generators?
Who needs this report?
  • Mobile network operators
  • Telecommunications network equipment vendors
  • Renewable energy technology suppliers
  • Battery manufacturers
  • Fuel cell technology developers
  • Utilities
  • Government agencies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1   Market Overview

2. Market Issues

2.1   Introduction

2.2   Market Size of Renewable and Alternative Energy Use in Off-Grid Base Stations

2.3   Drivers for the Adoption of Renewable and Alternative Energy to Power Off-Grid Base Stations

2.3.1     The Economics of Powering a Base Station as an Agent for Change

2.3.2     Policy Drivers

2.3.2.1     Direct Policy

2.3.2.2     Indirect Policy

3. Technology Issues

3.1   Introduction

3.2   Technology Combination Overview

3.2.1     Renewable + Battery Backup

3.2.2     Generator + Renewable + Battery as Backup

3.2.3     Renewable + Battery + Fuel Cell

3.2.4     Fuel Cell

3.3   Technology Readiness

3.4   Industry Structure

4. Market Forecasts

4.1   Forecast Methodology

4.2   Revenue

4.3   Regional Development

4.4   New Installed Power: Renewable and Alternative Energy Systems

4.5   Note on Technology Mix Going Forward

5. Company Directory
6. Acronym and Abbreviation List
7. Table of Contents
8. Table of Charts and Figures
9. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology

List of Charts and Figures

  • Components of Green Telecom Practices
  • Expected Number of Installed Off-Grid Base Stations, Selected Regions: 2012
  • Green Base Station Deployment by Technology and Region, World Markets: 2012
  • Green Base Station Deployment by Technology and Country, Asia Pacific: 2012
  • Average Off-Grid Base Station Operating Expenses, East Africa: 2012
  • Average Diesel Prices, Selected Countries: 2012
  • Off-Grid Base Station Payback Period
  • Annual Off-Grid Base Station Power Revenue by Forecast Scenario, World Markets: 2012-2020
  • Annual Off-Grid Base Station Power Deployments by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2012-2020
  • Share of Off-Grid Base Station Power Deployments by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2020
  • Annual Additions to Off-Grid Base Station Power Capacity by Forecast Scenario, World Markets: 2012-2020

List of Tables

  • Modified Technology Readiness Level Descriptions for Renewable and Alternative Energy Systems for Off-Grid Base Stations, World Markets: 2012
  • Technology Readiness Levels for Renewable and Alternative Energy Systems for Off-Grid Base Stations by Technology, World Markets: 2012
  • Expected Number of Installed Off-Grid Base Stations, Selected Regions: 2012
  • Green Base Station Deployment by Technology and Region, World Markets: 2012
  • Green Base Station Deployment by Technology and Country, Asia Pacific: 2012
  • Average Diesel Prices, Selected Countries: 2012
  • Simple Payback Period Calculation
  • Annual Off-Grid Base Station Power Revenue by Forecast Scenario, World Markets: 2012-2020
  • Annual Off-Grid Base Station Power Deployments by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2012-2020
  • Annual Additions to Off-Grid Power Capacity from Base Stations by Forecast Scenario, World Markets: 2012-2020

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