Outdoor and Parking Lighting Systems

High-Pressure Sodium, Metal Halide, LED, Induction, and Fluorescent Lighting and Lighting Controls: Global Market Analysis and Forecasts

Outdoor lighting systems are a major contributor to global energy use. Since many governments and individuals are tackling climate change, more efficient outdoor lighting technologies are now being introduced. However, while light-emitting diode (LED) lighting and controls are making inroads into commercial and domestic lighting, inexpensive high-pressure sodium (HPS) lamps lead in outdoor lighting and will take longer to displace. LED outdoor area luminaires must compete with the other lamp types that are still relatively energy efficient, making it more challenging to achieve lifetime cost savings in a market led by retrofits and replacements.

Although the desire to reduce electricity costs is a significant driver for the adoption of LEDs and controls, it is not the most important one. Cutting maintenance costs is increasingly being seen as the key factor at play. The installation of LED lamps in place of older metal halide lamps leads to less frequent relamping and thus lower maintenance costs. Improving safety and security is another important driver. Efforts are underway to cut crime rates and make people feel safer in public places – and energy efficient lighting and intelligence play a vital role. Yet, growing demand for controls will likely not offset declining average selling prices (ASPs) and revenue from lamp replacements will shrink as facilities become more efficient. Navigant Research forecasts that global luminaire, lamp, and controls revenue will decline slightly from $2.81 billion in 2014 to $2.75 billion in 2023.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the global market for outdoor luminaires, lamps, and lighting controls. The study provides a comprehensive assessment of the demand drivers, market inhibitors, and policy and regulatory factors associated with outdoor and parking lighting systems. Global market forecasts for revenue and unit shipments, segmented by lamp type, region, product type, and application area, extend through 2023. The report also examines the main technologies related to outdoor lighting systems and provides in-depth profiles of the key industry players.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • How large is the market for outdoor lamps, luminaires, and lighting controls?
  • How quickly will this market grow over the next 10 years and what factors will drive this growth?
  • What factors could hold back market growth for outdoor lighting systems through 2023?
  • What are the main technological trends currently taking place in the outdoor and parking lighting markets?
  • How are average selling prices (ASPs) for outdoor lamps, luminaires, and lighting controls trending and why?
  • What are the different outdoor lighting applications where these products are deployed?
  • Who are the leading providers of outdoor lighting products and how do their products differ?
Who needs this report?
  • Lamp and luminaire manufacturers
  • Lighting controls manufacturers
  • Lighting contractors
  • Commercial building owners and operators
  • Governments and municipalities
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Introduction

1.2  Selected Key Market Trends

1.2.1   Energy and Maintenance

1.2.2   Safety and Security

1.2.3   Lighting-as-a-Service

1.2.4   Changes to National Electrical Manufacturers Association Receptacles

1.3  Forecast Highlights

2. Market Issues   

2.1  Introduction

2.2  Lighting Areas under Analysis

2.2.1   City Parks and Public Areas

2.2.2   Sports Parks

2.2.3   Commercial Site Lighting

2.2.4   Open Air Parking Lots

2.2.5   Indoor Parking Garages

2.2.6   University and College Campuses

2.3  Lighting Areas Not under Analysis

2.4  Key Drivers of Growth

2.4.1   Growing Urbanization

   2.4.1.1  Smart City Impetus

   2.4.1.2  Internet of Things

2.4.2   Rising Energy Prices

2.4.3   Reducing Carbon Footprints

2.4.4   Reducing Maintenance Costs

2.4.5   Regulations, Codes, and Initiatives

   2.4.5.1  ASHRAE Standards

      2.4.5.1.1.  ASHRAE 90.1

   2.4.5.2  California Title 24

   2.4.5.3  European Union Directives

      2.4.5.3.1.  Directives 2002/91/EC and 2010/31/EC

      2.4.5.3.2.  Directive 2006/32/EC

      2.4.5.3.3.  Directive 2009/125/EC

      2.4.5.3.4.  Other Directives

   2.4.5.4  China’s 21 Cities Program

   2.4.5.5  LEEP Campaign

   2.4.5.6  Others

2.4.6   Falling LED Costs

2.4.7   ROI and Payback Timescales

   2.4.7.1  Tax Incentives

   2.4.7.2  Utility Rebates

   2.4.7.3  Lighting-as-a-Service

   2.4.7.4  Tariff Restructuring

   2.4.7.5  Other Approaches

2.4.8   New NEMA Receptacle Standard

2.4.9   Safety and Security

2.4.10   Reducing Light Pollution

2.4.11   More Attractive Lighting

2.5  Potential Market Barriers

2.5.1   Cost of LEDs and Controls

2.5.2   Lack of Understanding and Awareness

2.5.3   Adverse Effects of Light Pollution

2.5.4   Loss of Safety

2.5.5    Unmetered Lighting

2.5.6   Lack of Standardization

2.5.6.1   TALQ Consortium

2.5.6.2   DLC

2.6  Geographic Trends

2.6.1   North America

2.6.2   Europe

2.6.3   Asia Pacific

2.6.4   Latin America

2.6.5   Middle East & Africa

2.7  General Outdoor Lighting Trends

2.7.1   Distributed versus Localized Intelligence

2.7.2   Miniaturization of Luminaires

2.7.3   Trend to Partner with and Acquire Controls Companies

3. Technology Issues

3.1  Lamp Types

3.1.1   HPS

3.1.2   Metal Halide

3.1.3   LEDs

3.1.4   Induction

3.1.5   Fluorescent

3.1.6   Other

   3.1.6.1  Mercury Vapor

   3.1.6.2  Low-Pressure Sodium

3.1.7   Lamp Types Excluded from Statistics

   3.1.7.1  Incandescent

   3.1.7.2  Halogen

   3.1.7.3  Plasma Lighting Systems

3.1.8   Summary of Lamp Types

3.2  Efficacy and Efficiency

3.3  CRI

3.4  Lamp Life

3.5  Lighting Controls

3.5.1   Occupancy Sensors

   3.5.1.1  Image-Based Occupancy Sensing

3.5.2   Photocells

3.5.3   Networked Lighting Controls

3.6  Networking Technologies

3.6.1   PLC

3.6.2   RF Control

3.6.3   Control Protocols

   3.6.3.1  DALI

   3.6.3.2  0-10V Dimming

3.7  Solar

3.8  Global Positioning Satellite

4. Key Industry Players

4.1  Introduction

4.2  Top Lamp and Luminaire Manufacturers

4.2.1   GE Lighting

4.2.2   OSRAM

4.2.3   Philips

4.3  Major Lamp and Luminaire Manufacturers

4.3.1   Acuity Brands, Inc.

4.3.2   Cree

4.3.3   Eaton/Cooper Lighting

4.3.4   Hubbell Lighting

4.3.5   Iwasaki Electric Co. Ltd./EYE Lighting International

4.3.6   LSI Industries

4.3.7   Sol Inc.

4.3.8   Thorn Lighting/Zumtobel Group

4.3.9   Toshiba Corp./Green Star Products

4.3.10    Tvilight

4.4  Lighting Controls and Networking Vendors

4.4.1   Digital Lumens

4.4.2   Echelon Corp.

4.4.3   Flashnet

4.4.4   Sensus

4.4.5   WattStopper/Legrand S.A.

4.5  Other Industry Participants

4.5.1   Aelux

4.5.2   California Lighting Technology Center, UC Davis

4.5.3   GPC

4.5.4   U.S. DOE

5. Market Forecasts

5.1  Introduction

5.2  Data Collection and Forecast Overview

5.3  Forecast Methodology

5.3.1   2013 Installed Lamp Inventory

5.3.2   Unit Shipment Projections

5.3.3   Control Rates

5.3.4   Average Selling Prices

5.4  Unit Shipment and Revenue Forecasts by Product Type

5.4.1   Luminaires

5.4.2   Lamps

5.4.3   Controls

5.5  Unit Shipment and Revenue Forecasts by Geographic Region

5.6  Unit Shipment and Revenue Forecasts by Lighting Area

5.7  Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Luminaire Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Revenue by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Revenue by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lighting Controls Revenue by Product Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Unit Shipments of Occupancy Sensors and Photocells, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Unit Shipments by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Combined Lamp, Luminaire, and Lighting Controls Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Unit Shipments by Lighting Application Area, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Revenue by Lighting Application Area, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Unit Shipments by Lighting Application Area, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Revenue by Lighting Application Area, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lighting Controls Revenue by Lighting Application Area, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Occupancy Sensor Unit Shipments by Lighting Application Area, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Photocell Unit Shipments by Lighting Application Area, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Installed Base of Outdoor Area and Parking Luminaires by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Expected Population of the World’s Megacities in 2025
  • Average National Electricity Prices in U.S. Cents per kWh, World Markets: 2011
  • Thorn Jet-1 Luminaire with Old NEMA Socket on Top
  • New ANSI C136.41-Compliant Dimming Receptacle from TE Connectivity
  • TALQ System Architecture
  • HPS Street Lights in Carlsbad, California
  • Metal Halide Lighting at the Turner Field Baseball Stadium in Atlanta, Georgia
  • Before and After of a Parking Lot That Upgraded to LED Lighting
  • Before and After of a Gas Station That Upgraded to Induction Lighting
  • Parking Garage with Fluorescent Lighting
  • Photocell on Top of a Street Light in Bradley Stoke, United Kingdom
  • Echelon Map for Power Line Communications with Street Lights
  • Example of an RF Mesh Network
  • Example of an RF Point-To-Multipoint Network

List of Tables

  • Lamp Technology Summary
  • Summary of Key Networked Lighting Control Systems
  • GE Lighting SWOT Analysis
  • OSRAM SWOT Analysis
  • Philips SWOT Analysis
  • Installed Base of Outdoor Area and Parking Luminaires by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Installed Base of Outdoor Area and Parking Luminaires by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Revenue by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Revenue by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lighting Controls Revenue by Product Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire and Lamp Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, North America: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire and Lamp Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire and Lamp Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire and Lamp Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire and Lamp Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire and Lamp Revenue by Lamp Type, North America: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire and Lamp Revenue by Lamp Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire and Lamp Revenue by Lamp Type, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire and Lamp Revenue by Lamp Type, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire and Lamp Revenue by Lamp Type, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
  • Lighting Controls Revenue by Region and Product Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • High-Pressure Sodium Luminaire and Lamp Unit Shipments by Lighting Application Area, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Metal Halide Luminaire and Lamp Unit Shipments by Lighting Application Area, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light-Emitting Diode Luminaire and Lamp Unit Shipments by Lighting Application Area, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Induction Luminaire and Lamp Unit Shipments by Lighting Application Area, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Fluorescent Luminaire and Lamp Unit Shipments by Lighting Application Area, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • High-Pressure Sodium Luminaire and Lamp Revenue by Lighting Application Area, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Metal Halide Luminaire and Lamp Revenue by Lighting Application Area, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light-Emitting Diode Luminaire and Lamp Revenue by Lighting Application Area, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Induction Luminaire and Lamp Revenue by Lighting Application Area, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Fluorescent Luminaire and Lamp Revenue by Lighting Application Area, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Occupancy Sensor Unit Shipments by Lighting Application Area, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Occupancy Sensor Revenue by Lighting Application Area, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Photocell Unit Shipments by Lighting Application Area, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Photocell Revenue by Lighting Application Area, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Intelligent Controls Revenue by Lighting Application Area, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Control Software Revenue by Lighting Application Area, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Luminaire, Lamp, and Controls Revenue by Lighting Application Area, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Average Luminaire Selling Prices by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Average Lamp Selling Prices by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Average Controls Selling Prices by Product Type, World Markets: 2014-2023

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