Propane Autogas Vehicles

Liquefied Petroleum Gas Vehicle Availability, LPG Refueling Infrastructure,
Engine Technology, and Fuel System Components: Market Analysis and Forecasts

Autogas is the term most commonly used in the market for liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) used as an automotive transport fuel, and it represents approximately 9% of the global consumption of LPG. While LPG is relatively clean-burning, easy to store and transport, has high energy content, and is widely available in many countries, supplies of natural gas have become much more abundant over the last few years as new extraction process have been developed, and natural gas now challenges autogas as an alternative vehicle fuel to gasoline and diesel.

Although the market for autogas is global, the penetration for use as a vehicle fuel varies widely around the world. Few countries have created a refueling infrastructure to rival that for gasoline/diesel, but in most places batch delivery is well established, making it an ideal fuel for short range fleet operations if the cost per gallon is kept low. Some OEMs offer factory installation of autogas and dual-fuel systems, but only in countries where the market is mature and volumes have been steady for some years. Most conversions are done in the aftermarket. Pike Research anticipates that by 2020 there will be more than 23 million autogas vehicles operating on roads worldwide.

This Pike Research report analyzes the opportunities and challenges in the market for autogas vehicle conversions. The report provides an examination of autogas use in vehicles and highlights the countries where such conversions are most popular. The study includes forecasts through 2020 for component sales and installation labor cost by world region, along with a detailed analysis of the benefits, drivers, and market barriers for autogas vehicles. Key market players are also profiled.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • Which regions of the world use autogas as a vehicle fuel and what are the alternatives?
  • Which countries have the highest percentage of autogas vehicles on the road?
  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of autogas as a vehicle fuel?
  • How large is the market for autogas conversions?
  • How fast will the market grow in each of the world regions?
  • Who are the key industry players in the autogas vehicle market?
  • How does autogas compare with other vehicle fuels?
Who needs this report?
  • Automotive manufacturers
  • Vehicle component suppliers
  • Liquid fuel suppliers
  • Refueling infrastructure suppliers
  • Fleet managers
  • Government agencies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1    Overview

1.2    Key Market Issues

1.3    Demand Drivers and Barriers

1.4    Market Forecasts

2. Market Issues

2.1    Autogas as a Vehicle Fuel

2.2    Cost of Autogas Vehicle Ownership

2.3    Availability of Autogas by Region

2.4    Building a Refueling Infrastructure

2.5    Key Autogas Vehicle Markets

2.6    Current Market Opportunities and Barriers

2.7    Energy Cost

2.8    Competing Technologies

2.9    Legislation by Region

2.10  Government Incentives

3. Technology Issues

3.1    How Autogas is Produced

3.2    Different Grades of Autogas

3.3    Comparison with Other Fuels

3.4    Engine Technology

3.4.1      Gasoline Engines – Spark Ignition

3.4.2      Diesel Engines – Compression Ignition

3.5    On-board Fuel Storage

3.6    Refueling Technology

4. Key Industry Players

4.1    OEMs

4.1.1      Blue Bird Corporation

4.1.2      BMW

4.1.3      Daimler

4.1.4      Fiat

4.1.5      Ford

4.1.6      General Motors

4.1.7      Kia

4.1.8      Maruti Suzuki

4.1.9      Nissan

4.1.10    Opel/Vauxhall

4.1.11    Renault

4.1.12    Utilimaster

4.1.13    Volkswagen

4.2    Engine and Fuel System Component Suppliers

4.2.1      Bosch

4.2.2      CleanFUEL USA

4.2.3      Fuel Systems Solutions

4.2.4      G-Volution

4.2.5      IMPCO Automotive

4.2.6      Prins Autogassytemen BV

4.2.7      Roush CleanTech

4.3    Fuel Suppliers and Trade Associations

4.3.1      Alliance Autogas

4.3.2      Autogas for America

4.3.3      Propane Education & Research Council

4.3.4      UKLPG

5. Market Forecasts

5.1    Global Overview

5.2    North America

5.3    Western Europe

5.4    Eastern Europe

5.5    Asia Pacific

5.6    Latin America

5.7    Middle East and Africa

5.8    Component Market

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • New Autogas Vehicle Conversions by Region, World Markets: 2012-2020
  • All Autogas Vehicles Operating by Region, World Markets: 2012-2020
  • European LPG Consumption 2001 and 2030
  • Comparison of Vehicle Fuel Costs, United States: July 2012
  • New Autogas Vehicle Conversions by Region, World Markets: 2012-2020
  • All Autogas Vehicles Operating by Region, World Markets: 2012-2020
  • Autogas Vehicle Sales by Country, North America: 2012-2020
  • Autogas Vehicle Sales by Country, Western Europe: 2012-2020
  • Autogas Vehicle Sales by Country, Eastern Europe: 2012-2020
  • Autogas Vehicle Sales by Country, Asia Pacific: 2012-2020
  • Autogas Vehicle Sales by Country, Latin America: 2012-2020
  • Autogas Vehicle Sales by Country, Middle East and Africa: 2012-2020
  • Autogas Vehicle Fuel Tanks Value by Region, World Markets: 2012-2020
  • Autogas Vehicle Upgrade Parts Value by Region, World Markets: 2012-2020
  • Autogas Vehicle Installation Labor Value by Region, World Markets: 2012-2020
  • Autogas Vehicle Conversion Value by Region, World Markets: 2012-2020
  • Propane Distribution Schematic

List of Tables

  • Autogas Refueling Stations by Country, World Markets: 2012
  • Comparison of Vehicle Fuel Costs, United States: July 2012
  • Alternative Fuel Vehicle Incentives by State, United States: 2012
  • Gas Vehicle Incentives by Country, Europe: 2012
  • European LPG Consumption
  • Properties of Autogas Compared to Other Fuels
  • Engine Components Typically Upgraded by OEMs for Autogas Conversions
  • New Autogas Vehicle Conversions by Region, World Markets: 2012-2020
  • All Autogas Vehicles Operating by Region, World Markets: 2012-2020
  • Autogas Vehicle Sales by Country, North America: 2012-2020
  • Autogas Vehicle Sales by Country, Western Europe: 2012-2020
  • Autogas Vehicle Sales by Country, Eastern Europe: 2012-2020
  • Autogas Vehicle Sales by Country, Asia Pacific: 2012-2020
  • Autogas Vehicle Sales by Country, Latin America: 2012-2020
  • Autogas Vehicle Sales by Country, Middle East & Africa: 2012-2020
  • Autogas Vehicle Fuel Tanks Value by Region, World Markets: 2012-2020
  • Autogas Vehicle Upgrade Parts Value by Region, World Markets: 2012-2020
  • Autogas Vehicle Installation Labor Value by Region, World Markets: 2012-2020
  • Autogas Vehicle Conversion Value by Region, World Markets: 2012-2020

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