Residential Energy Innovations

Residential Generation and Storage Technologies:
Solar PV, Energy Storage, Electric Vehicles, and ResCHP

Electric utilities are facing new technology trends that alter the traditional relationship with residential customers. This broad disruption is known collectively as distributed energy resources (DER). At the residential level, disruption derives mainly from solar PV panels, which enable customers to generate some of their own electricity and sell unneeded power back to the utility. The latest technologies, now more affordable, have stimulated growing interest and adoption by residential customers who see an opportunity for greater control of their energy consumption.

Navigant Research’s term for this emerging set of technologies is residential generation and storage (RGS). Solar PV panels are but one of those technologies altering the traditional residential power industry. New stationary and mobile electricity storage capabilities and enhanced energy management tools are also providing residential customers more options to control usage and lower costs. Residential combined heat and power (resCHP) systems represent another distributed generation (DG) technology customers might consider. These residential energy innovations and attractive financing mechanisms provide new choices for residential customers that heretofore were out of reach. Navigant Research forecasts that global RGS revenue will grow from $54.7 billion in 2013 to $71.6 billion in 2023.

This Navigant Research report examines the market for RGS technologies and discusses how they are reshaping the future residential power industry. The study analyzes the key market drivers and inhibitors influencing the market, as well as major technology issues. Global market forecasts, segmented by region and category – solar PV, energy storage, electric vehicles (EVs), and resCHP – extend through 2023. The report also provides profiles of established and new industry players and explores policy issues related to RGS technologies.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • What are the market forces shaping the residential generation and storage (RGS) market?
  • How large is the revenue opportunity in the global RGS market?
  • How does this opportunity vary among the four key segments: solar PV, energy storage, electric vehicles (EVs), and residential combined heat and power (resCHP)?
  • What technology issues are shaping the RGS market?
  • Who are some of the key players in the RGS space?
  • Which global regions will provide the most opportunities for RGS vendors?
Who needs this report?
  • Solar PV vendors
  • Energy storage vendors
  • Plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) vendors and suppliers
  • ResCHP vendors
  • Utilities
  • Government agencies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Introduction

1.2  Market Drivers

1.3  Market Inhibitors

1.4  Market Forecast

2. Market Issues

2.1  Overview

2.2  Utility Death Spiral?

2.3  Defining the Market

2.3.1   Market Drivers

2.3.2   Market Inhibitors

2.4  Residential Solar PV Generation

2.4.1   Trends

2.4.1.1  Solar PV Leasing Model

2.4.1.2  Net Metering, Value of Solar Tariff

2.4.1.3  Minnesota: Value of Solar Tariff

2.4.1.4  FITs

2.4.1.5  Federal Tax Credit to Be Reduced

2.4.2   Europe

2.4.3   Asia Pacific

2.4.4   Rest of World

2.5  Residential Energy Storage

2.5.1   California’s Storage Issue

2.5.2   Japan

2.5.3   New Zealand

2.6  EVs and the Grid

2.6.1   V2G

2.6.1.1  Current Market Stage

2.6.1.2  Regional Trends

2.6.1.3  V2G Trials and Pilots

2.6.2   V2H

2.6.3   Outlook

2.7  ResCHP

2.7.1   Definition

2.7.2   Key Market Drivers

2.7.3   Market Barriers

2.7.4   Regional Markets

2.7.4.1  Japan

2.7.4.2  South Korea

2.7.4.3  Germany

2.7.4.4  United Kingdom

2.7.4.5  ene.field Project

2.8  Energy Management at the Residential Level

2.9  Consumer Attitudes

2.9.1   Solar Favorability

2.9.2   EVs

2.9.3   U.K. Consumers

2.9.4   Conclusion

3. Technology Issues

3.1  Introduction

3.2  Solar PV Technology

3.2.1   Microinverters and AC Panels

3.2.2   DC Optimizers

3.3  Storage

3.3.1   Flow Batteries

3.3.2   Advanced Lead-Acid Batteries

3.3.3   Li-ion Batteries

3.3.3.1  Efficiency and Capacity

3.3.3.2  Cost Issues

3.4  EVs

3.4.1   Overview of EV Batteries

3.4.1.1  Regional Variations

3.4.1.2  Li-ion Batteries

3.5  ResCHP

3.5.1   Mechanical Systems

3.5.2   Fuel Cells

3.5.2.1  Fuel Cells for CHP

3.5.2.2  PEMFCs

3.5.2.3  SOFCs

4. Key Industry Players

4.1  Introduction

4.2  Solar PV Companies

4.2.1   Brightergy

4.2.2   Imagine Energy

4.2.3   SolarCity

4.2.4   SunPower

4.2.5   Sunverge

4.3  Storage Companies

4.3.1   LG Chem

4.3.2   Moixa

4.3.3   NEC

4.3.4   Toshiba

4.4  EVs

4.4.1   Ford

4.4.2   Mitsubishi Motors Corporation

4.5  ResCHP

4.5.1   E3/DC

4.5.2   BDR Thermea

4.5.3   Honda

4.5.4   Valliant

4.5.5   Viessmann Group

4.6  Utilities

4.6.1   NRG Energy

4.6.2   Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD)

4.7  Contributing Enterprises

4.7.1   CGI

4.7.2   EcoFactor

4.7.3   iControl Networks

4.7.4   Opower

4.7.5   Spirae      

5. Market Forecasts

5.1  Overview

5.2  Solar PV

5.3  Storage

5.4  EVs

5.5  ResCHP

5.6  Combined RGS Revenue

5.7  Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Total Residential Generation and Storage Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Distributed Solar PV System Prices (Non-Weighted Average) by Component, World Markets: 2006-2013
  • Average Electricity Prices for Residential Customers by Select Market, World Markets: 2006-2017Consumer Favorability for Solar Energy, United States: 2013
  • Consumer Favorability for Electric Cars, United States: 2013
  • Annual Residential Distributed Solar PV Installed Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Average Residential Distributed Solar PV Installed Price by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Annual Residential Distributed Solar PV Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023Grid-Tied Residential Energy Storage Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Grid-Tied Residential Energy Storage System Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Residential V2G-Enabled PEVs by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Residential V2G Infrastructure Installation Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Residential V2H Infrastructure Installations (DC) by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Residential V2H Infrastructure Installation Revenue (DC) by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • ResCHP Shipments by Region of Manufacture, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • ResCHP Revenue by Region of Manufacture, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Total Residential Generation and Storage Revenue by Category, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • U.S. States with Net Metering
  • Spirae’s DER Management System Topology
  • Rendering of Fuel Cell ResCHP Technology Undergoing Trials in ene.field Project

List of Tables

  • Distributed Solar PV System Prices (Non-Weighted Average) by Component, World Markets: 2006-2013
  • Average Electricity Prices for Residential Customers by Select Market, World Markets: 2006-2017
  • Annual Residential Distributed Solar PV Installed Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Average Residential Distributed Solar PV Installed Price by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Annual Residential Distributed Solar PV Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Grid-Tied Residential Energy Storage Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Grid-Tied Residential Energy Storage System Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Residential V2G-Enabled PEVs by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Residential V2G Infrastructure Installation Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Residential V2H Infrastructure Installations (DC) by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Residential V2H Infrastructure Installation Revenue (DC) by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • ResCHP Shipments by Region of Manufacture, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • ResCHP Revenue by Region of Manufacture, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Residential Distributed Generation and Storage Volumes by Category, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Total Residential Generation and Storage Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Total Residential Generation and Storage Revenue by Category, World Markets: 2013-2023

Report Details

  • Pages: 75
  • Tables, Charts,
    Figures:
    35
  • Release Date: 2Q 2014

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