Navigant Research » Smart Buildings http://www.navigantresearch.com Fri, 24 Oct 2014 22:41:47 +0000 en-US hourly 1 http://wordpress.org/?v=3.8.1 Smart Cities and the Energy Cloud http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/smart-cities-and-the-energy-cloud http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/smart-cities-and-the-energy-cloud#comments Thu, 09 Oct 2014 16:11:51 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=69697 Smart Cities
The electricity utility was developed to deliver power to the growing cities of the 20th century. Energy is of even greater importance to cities in the 21st century, but there are new challenges in terms of ensuring the sustainability and reliability of energy supplies. While energy networks underpin the digital city, the sources of that [...]]]>
Smart Cities

The electricity utility was developed to deliver power to the growing cities of the 20th century. Energy is of even greater importance to cities in the 21st century, but there are new challenges in terms of ensuring the sustainability and reliability of energy supplies. While energy networks underpin the digital city, the sources of that energy are being examined closely. Cities are also looking at how efficiently energy is being used as they strive to reduce both greenhouse gas emissions and energy costs.

The smart city concept is a label for the dramatic changes occurring at both the local and global level in the nature of urbanization; the energy cloud performs a similar function for the radical changes happening in the energy market. As a concept, the energy cloud represents a wide range of technical, commercial, environmental, and regulatory changes that are transforming the traditional utility model for energy provision. Cities are recognizing the importance – and the opportunity – offered by these changes in energy infrastructure and the global energy markets.

This Navigant Research white paper examines the critical issues facing cities and utilities as they develop the energy policies needed in the century of the city. The emerging vision is of smart cities that integrate large and small-scale energy initiatives ranging from improvements in national infrastructure through citywide energy efficiency programs to local energy generation.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • How are the energy needs of cities changing?
  • How can cities benefit from new opportunities in the energy market?
  • What opportunities do smart city programs provide for utilities?
  • How can cities benefit from smart meter and smart grid deployments?
  • What is the energy cloud?
  • What is the role of energy technology in resilience?
  • What are the key smart city/smart grid pilots around the world?
  • How will smart energy communities emerge?
Who needs this report?
  • Smart grid hardware and software vendors
  • Energy management hardware and software vendors
  • IT, networking, and telecommunications vendors
  • Utilities
  • Industry associations and standards organizations
  • Government agencies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Cities and the New Energy Agenda

1.1   Smart Cities and Smart Energy

1.2   The Energy Cloud and the Future of Energy Provision

2. How Cities Are Helping to Shape the Energy Revolution

2.1   The City and the Energy Cloud

2.2   The Renewable City

2.3   Smart Cities and Smart Grids

2.4   Managing Energy Demand

2.5   Cities and Energy Markets

2.6   The Resilient City

2.7   Toward Smart Energy Communities

3. Conclusions and Recommendations

3.1   The Opportunities

3.2   The Challenges

3.3   Additional Reading

4. Acronym and Abbreviation List
5. Table of Contents
6. Table of Charts and Figures
7. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • The Emerging Energy Cloud
  • Smart City Technology Annual Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023

List of Tables

  • Example Smart City, Smart Grid Projects
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Residential Energy Efficient Lighting and Lighting Controls http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/residential-energy-efficient-lighting-and-lighting-controls http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/residential-energy-efficient-lighting-and-lighting-controls#comments Mon, 29 Sep 2014 17:30:27 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=69409 Smart BuildingsSmart Utilities
The global residential lighting market is on the verge of a major transformation. Extremely energy efficient light-emitting diode (LED) lamps are being adopted at an astonishing rate while remote control of connected lights is on the cusp of becoming much more commonplace. Additionally, the movement to more all-encompassing home energy management (HEM) and home automation, [...]]]>
Smart BuildingsSmart Utilities

The global residential lighting market is on the verge of a major transformation. Extremely energy efficient light-emitting diode (LED) lamps are being adopted at an astonishing rate while remote control of connected lights is on the cusp of becoming much more commonplace. Additionally, the movement to more all-encompassing home energy management (HEM) and home automation, of which smart lighting is a part, is steadily gathering pace.

While the desire to reduce electricity costs is an important driver for the adoption of energy efficient LEDs and controls, it is not the most important one. Increasingly, homeowners are being drawn to the range of new use cases that controllable and networked LEDs bring. The ability of these devices to communicate with other popular connected devices is likely to prove particularly popular as a way to increase comfort and convenience in the home while bringing about energy savings automatically. According to Navigant Research, global revenue associated with the installation of residential lighting controls is expected to grow from $2.4 billion in 2014 to $4.6 billion in 2023.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the global market for residential energy efficient lighting and lighting controls. The study focuses on LED lamps and luminaires while also forecasting sales for three other lamp technologies – incandescent, halogen, and fluorescent – as well as a number of control devices, including occupancy sensors, photosensors, timers, dimmers, lighting-only networks, and HEM systems. Global market forecasts for unit shipments and revenue, segmented by region, lamp type, product type, and building type, extend through 2023. The report also examines the key technologies related to residential energy efficient lighting and lighting controls, as well as the competitive landscape.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • How big is the market for residential energy efficient luminaires, lamps, and lighting controls in terms of revenue and unit shipments?
  • How quickly will this market grow during the next 10 years and what factors will drive this growth?
  • What factors could hold back market growth during the forecast period?
  • What are the main technological trends taking place in the market for residential energy efficient lighting solutions?
  • What are the main use cases for connected lighting solutions?
  • Who are the leading providers of residential energy efficient lighting products and how do their products differ?
Who needs this report?
  • Luminaire and lamp manufacturers
  • Lighting controls manufacturers
  • Lighting contractors
  • Building owners
  • Governments and municipalities
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Introduction

1.2  Key Market Trends

1.3  Forecast Highlights

2. Market Issues     

2.1  Market Overview

2.2  Market Drivers

2.2.1   Falling LED Costs

2.2.2   Rising Energy Prices

2.2.3   Regulations, Codes, and Initiatives

   2.2.3.1  ASHRAE Standards

      2.2.3.1.1.  ASHRAE 90.1

   2.2.3.2  California Title 24

   2.2.3.3  European Union Directives

      2.2.3.3.1.  Directives 2002/91/EC and 2010/31/EC

      2.2.3.3.2.  Directive 2009/125/EC

      2.2.3.3.3.  Other EU Directives

   2.2.3.4  International Energy Conservation Code

   2.2.3.5  ENERGY STAR

   2.2.3.6  Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design

2.2.4   Phaseout of Inefficient Light Sources

2.2.5   Utility Rebates

2.2.6   Tax Incentives

2.2.7   Rise of the Smart Home

   2.2.7.1  New Options from Controlling LEDs

2.3  Market Barriers

2.3.1   Cost of LEDs and Networked Controls

2.3.2   Lack of Understanding and Awareness

2.3.3   Mean Time to Kitchen Drawer

2.3.4   Lack of Standardization

2.3.5   Residential Construction Slowdown

2.3.6   Increased Lifespan of Energy Efficient Light Sources

2.3.7   Adverse Health Effects of Lighting

2.4  Geographic Trends

2.4.1   North America

2.4.2   Europe

2.4.3   Asia Pacific

2.4.4   Rest of the World

3. Technology Issues

3.1  Efficacy and Efficiency

3.2  CRI

3.3  CCT

3.4  Lamp Life

3.5  Lamp Types

3.5.1   Incandescent

3.5.2   Halogen

3.5.3   Fluorescent

3.5.4   LEDs

3.5.5   Lamp Types Excluded from Forecasts

   3.5.5.1  Mercury Vapor

   3.5.5.2  Metal Halide

   3.5.5.3  High-Pressure Sodium

   3.5.5.4  Induction

   3.5.5.5  OLED

3.5.6   Lamp Technology Summary

3.6  Luminaires

3.7  Lighting Controls

3.7.1   Occupancy Sensors

3.7.2   Photosensors

3.7.3   Timers

3.7.4   Dimmers

3.8  Lighting-Only Networks

3.9  HEM Systems

3.10  Networking Technologies

3.10.1  ZigBee

3.10.2  Z-Wave

3.10.3  Wi-Fi

   3.10.3.1  AllJoyn

3.10.4  Bluetooth

3.10.5  HomePlug

3.10.6  Others

3.11  Efforts to Promulgate Interoperability

3.11.1  The Connected Lighting Alliance

3.11.2  Smart Energy Profile

3.11.3  IEEE 1905.1

4. Key Industry Players   

4.1  Introduction

4.2  Selected Luminaire and Lamp Manufacturers

4.2.1   Acuity Brands

4.2.2   Cree

4.2.3   GE Lighting

4.2.4   Hubbell Lighting

4.2.5   OSRAM

4.2.6   Philips Lighting

4.3  Selected Lighting Controls and Networking Vendors

4.3.1   Eaton/Cooper Lighting

4.3.2   Legrand

4.3.3   Leviton

4.3.4   Lutron

4.3.5   Schneider Electric

4.4  Selected Home Automation Players

4.4.1   Alarm.com

4.4.2   AlertMe.com

4.4.3   Control4

4.4.4   Crestron Electronics

4.4.5   Greenwave Systems

4.4.6   iControl Networks

4.4.7   Savant Systems

4.5  Other Connected Lighting Players

5. Market Forecasts  

5.1  Introduction

5.2  Data Collection

5.3  Forecast Methodology

5.3.1   Building Types Under Analysis

5.3.2   Building Types Not Under Analysis

5.3.3   2013 Installed Lamp Inventory

5.3.4   Unit Shipment Projections

5.3.5   Average Selling Prices

5.4  Installed Base of Lamps by Form Factor

5.5  Revenue and Unit Shipments Forecasts by Product Type

5.5.1   Luminaires

5.5.2   Lamps

5.6  Revenue Forecasts for Lighting Controls

5.7  Revenue Forecasts by Geographic Region

5.8  Revenue Forecasts by Building Type

5.9  Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Lighting Controls Revenue by Product Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Housing Completions, North America: 2005-2013
  • Installed Base of Lamps by Form Factor, North America: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Revenue and Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Revenue and Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lighting Controls Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Revenue by Building Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Revenue by Building Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lighting Controls Revenue by Building Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lighting Controls Unit Shipments by Product Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Unit Shipments by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Unit Shipments by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire, Lamp, and Lighting Controls Unit Shipments by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Unit Shipments by Building Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Unit Shipments by Building Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lighting Controls Unit Shipments by Building Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Cost Breakdown Projection for a Typical A19 Replacement Lamp: 2012-2020
  • CCT Guide
  • Tubular CFL (Left) and Spiral CFL (Right)
  • Kindred OLED Luminaire from Acuity Brands
  • 24-Hour Mechanical Segment Timer

List of Tables

  • ASPs by Product Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Installed Base of Lamps by Form Factor, North America: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Revenue by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Revenue by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lighting Controls Unit Shipments by Product Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lighting Controls Revenue by Product Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire and Lamp Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, North America: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire and Lamp Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire and Lamp Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire and Lamp Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire and Lamp Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire and Lamp Revenue by Lamp Type, North America: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire and Lamp Revenue by Lamp Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire and Lamp Revenue by Lamp Type, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire and Lamp Revenue by Lamp Type, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire and Lamp Revenue by Lamp Type, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
  • Lighting Controls Unit Shipments by Region and Product Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lighting Controls Revenue by Region and Product Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Unit Shipments to Single-Dwelling Housing by Building Type and Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Unit Shipments to Single-Dwelling Housing by Building Type and Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lighting Controls Unit Shipments to Single-Dwelling Housing by Building Type and Product Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Unit Shipments to Multi-Dwelling Housing by Building Type and Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Unit Shipments to Multi-Dwelling Housing by Building Type and Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lighting Controls Unit Shipments to Multi-Dwelling Housing by Building Type and Product Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Revenue to Single-Dwelling Housing by Building Type and Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Revenue to Single-Dwelling Housing by Building Type and Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lighting Controls Revenue to Single-Dwelling Housing by Building Type and Product Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Revenue to Multi-Dwelling Housing by Building Type and Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Revenue to Multi-Dwelling Housing by Building Type and Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lighting Controls Revenue to Multi-Dwelling Housing by Building Type and Product Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Technology Summary
  • Selection of Smart Bulb Vendors
  • Other Connected Lighting Players
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Zero Energy Buildings http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/zero-energy-buildings http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/zero-energy-buildings#comments Thu, 04 Sep 2014 19:24:26 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=68796 Smart Buildings
Zero energy building (ZEB) solutions are being pursued by governments, corporations, and individuals to minimize the carbon footprint of their buildings. A ZEB uses as much energy over the course of the year as it generates from onsite renewables. Also called net zero energy buildings and, in the European Union (EU), nearly zero energy buildings [...]]]>
Smart Buildings

Zero energy building (ZEB) solutions are being pursued by governments, corporations, and individuals to minimize the carbon footprint of their buildings. A ZEB uses as much energy over the course of the year as it generates from onsite renewables. Also called net zero energy buildings and, in the European Union (EU), nearly zero energy buildings (nZEBs), ZEBs bring together existing energy efficient technologies to form a high-performance building. Today, hundreds of pilot ZEBs, encompassing commercial and residential buildings of all types (retail, office, educational, government, etc.), are being developed, many as pilot projects to showcase technology.

While several pilots are trying to prove the investment savings in lower energy bills, a stronger driver for the adoption of ZEBs is regulation. Policies like the EU’s Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) and California’s evolving Title 24 building code are forcing ZEB markets to come into place for new commercial, new residential, and retrofitted commercial space. One notable challenge is the variety of definitions of a ZEB and the lack of a single standards body to identify what success looks like. Although the global outlook for ZEBs is strong, the market will start slowly. According to Navigant Research, global ZEB revenue is expected to grow from $629.3 million in 2014 to $1.4 trillion by 2035.

This Navigant Research report defines and analyzes the global market for ZEBs with a focus on six product and service categories: lighting, walls and roof, glazing, heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems, renewable energy, and soft costs. The study provides an analysis of the region-specific and worldwide market issues, including drivers and barriers, associated with ZEBs. Global market forecasts for revenue, broken out by region, product/service, and development type (commercial construction, commercial retrofits, and residential), extend through 2035. The report also examines the key technologies and services related to ZEBs, as well as the competitive landscape.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • What is a zero energy/net zero energy/nearly zero energy building?
  • How is policy driving the adoption of zero energy buildings (ZEBs)?
  • What are the main barriers to widespread ZEB adoption?
  • What kinds of technologies are used in ZEBs?
  • Who are the primary market players in the ZEB industry?
  • How are the market players influencing the regional ZEB markets?
Who needs this report?
  • Energy efficient equipment vendors
  • Real estate investors and property managers
  • Production homebuilders
  • Smart building service and technology vendors
  • Solar hardware vendors
  • Electric utilities
  • Government agencies and policymakers
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Introduction

1.1  Overview

1.2  Key Market Trends

1.3  Global Market Size and Forecast

2. Market Issues 

2.1  Introduction

2.2  Definition of ZEBs

2.2.1   Other Net Zero Approaches

2.3  Market Drivers

2.3.1   Commercial versus Residential Buildings

2.3.2   New Construction versus Retrofits

2.3.3   Legislation and Building Code

2.3.4   The Rise of Green Buildings

   2.3.4.1  Green Buildings, LEED, and ZEBs

2.3.5   ZEB Standards and Certification Bodies

   2.3.5.1  Passive House

   2.3.5.2  Other ZEB Leaders

2.3.6   Technology Innovation and Cost Decreases

2.4  Market Barriers

2.4.1   Cost Premiums

2.4.2   ROIs

2.4.3   Grid Integration

2.4.4   Electric Vehicles and Rising Plug Load

2.4.5   Construction and Operation

2.4.6   Terminology and Awareness

3. Regional Analysis 

3.1  Regional Overview

3.2  North America

3.2.1   U.S. Federal Government

   3.2.1.1  U.S. DOE

   3.2.1.2  U.S. GSA

3.2.2   California

   3.2.2.1  TDV

3.2.3   Massachusetts

3.2.4   Canada

3.3  Europe

3.3.1   EU Policies

   3.3.1.1  EPBD

   3.3.1.2  Very Low Energy Houses

3.3.2   United Kingdom

3.3.3   France

3.3.4   Germany

3.4  Asia Pacific

3.4.1   Japan

3.4.2   Singapore

3.4.3   China

3.4.4   Rest of Asia Pacific

3.5  Latin America

3.6  Middle East

3.7  Africa

4. Technology Issues

4.1  Technology Overview

4.2  Siting and Context

4.2.1   Integrated Design

4.2.2    Building Design

4.2.3   Building Energy Modeling

4.2.4   Location-Based Issues

4.2.5   Calculating Renewable Power Potential

4.2.6   Campuswide Integration

4.2.7   Microgrids and Nanogrids versus ZEBs

4.3  Building Envelope

4.3.1   Wall Insulation and Building Envelope

4.3.2   Windows and Glazing

   4.3.2.1  Modern Window Characteristics

   4.3.2.2  Smart Glass

4.3.3   Thermal Mass Storage and ZEBs

4.3.4   Roofs and ZEBs

   4.3.4.1  Cool and Green Roofs

4.4  Energy Efficiency and Integrated Design

4.4.1   HVAC Systems

   4.4.1.1  Heating

   4.4.1.2  Cooling

   4.4.1.3  Ground-Source Heat Pumps

   4.4.1.4  IAQ

4.4.2   Energy Efficient Lighting

4.4.3   Daylighting and Fenestration

4.4.4   Hot Water

4.4.5   Direct Current Power

4.5  Plug Loads

4.5.1   Energy Efficient Appliance Standards

4.5.2   Smart Appliances

4.5.3   Electric Vehicle Integration

4.6  Building Energy Management

4.6.1   Building Controls

4.6.2   BEMSs

4.6.3   Continuous Commissioning

4.7  Renewable Energy

4.7.1   Solar PV

   4.7.1.1  Inverters and Micro-Inverters

   4.7.1.2  BIPV

4.7.2   Solar Thermal Systems

4.7.3   Biomass and CHP

4.7.4   Fuel Cells

4.7.5   Energy Storage Technology

4.8  Net Zero Water

5. Key Industry Players  

5.1  Overview

5.2  Real Estate, AEC, and Software Firms

5.2.1   Autodesk

5.2.2   CBRE

5.2.3   DPR Construction

5.2.4   Hines

5.2.5   JLL

5.2.6   Masdar

5.2.7   Meritage Homes

5.2.8   Related Companies

5.3  Energy Efficient Equipment and Performance Firms

5.3.1   Altura Associates

5.3.2   Big Ass Solutions

5.3.3   Building Robotics

5.3.4   Daikin

5.3.5    Honeywell

5.3.6   Schneider Electric

5.3.7   Siemens Building Technologies

5.3.8   SunPower

5.3.9   View Inc.

6. Market Forecasts 

6.1  Overview

6.1.1   Products and Services Segmentation

6.2  Global Outlook

6.3  North America

6.3.1   Commercial

6.3.2   Residential

6.4  Europe

6.4.1   Commercial

6.4.2   Residential

6.5  Asia Pacific

6.5.1   Commercial

6.5.2   Residential

6.6  Middle East

6.6.1   Commercial

6.6.2   Residential

6.7  Rest of World

6.8  Conclusions and Recommendations

7. Company Directory
8. Acronym and Abbreviation List
9. Table of Contents
10. Table of Charts and Figures
11. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Total Zero Energy Building Revenue, World Markets: 2014-2035
  • NBI-Tracked New Zero Energy Buildings by Year, North America: 1994-2013
  • Total Building Stock by Building Type, World Markets: 2014
  • Total Commercial Building Stock by Development Type, World Markets: 2014
  • Average Solar PV Installed Price by Size, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Total Zero Energy Building Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Construction Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, North America: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Retrofit Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, North America: 2014-2035
  • Residential Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, North America: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Construction Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Europe: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Retrofit Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Europe: 2014-2035
  • Residential Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Europe: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Construction Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Asia Pacific: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Retrofit Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Asia Pacific: 2014-2035
  • Residential Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Asia Pacific: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Construction Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Middle East: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Retrofit Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Middle East: 2014-2035
  • Residential Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Middle East: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Construction Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Rest of World: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Retrofit Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Rest of World: 2014-2035
  • Residential Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Rest of World: 2014-2035
  • The Evolution of Building Energy Demand and Generation
  • Representative ZEB and Its Associated Components
  • Zero Energy Building Annual Energy Balance
  • Successive Code Improvements for California’s Building Stock
  • Building Performance Mechanisms
  • A Schematic Representation of an Integrated Design Team
  • Modeled PV Potential in the United States
  • PVWatts Screenshots of PV Size Estimation
  • Ciralight Global Positioning System-Powered Solar Tracking Sunlight
  • BIPV at the UC Merced Science and Engineering 2 Building
  • The U.S. Army’s Net Zero Implementation Strategy

List of Tables

  • NBI-Tracked New Zero Energy Buildings by Year, North America: 1994-2013
  • Average Solar PV Installed Price by Size, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Total Building Stock by Building Type, World Markets: 2014
  • Total Commercial Building Stock by Development Type, World Markets: 2014
  • Commercial Construction Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, North America: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Retrofit Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, North America: 2014-2035
  • Total Commercial Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, North America: 2014-2035
  • Residential Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, North America: 2014-2035
  • Total Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, North America: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Construction Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Europe: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Retrofit Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Europe: 2014-2035
  • Total Commercial Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Europe: 2014-2035
  • Residential Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Europe: 2014-2035
  • Total Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Europe: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Construction Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Asia Pacific: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Retrofit Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Asia Pacific: 2014-2035
  • Total Commercial Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Asia Pacific: 2014-2035
  • Residential Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Asia Pacific: 2014-2035
  • Total Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Asia Pacific: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Construction Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Middle East: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Retrofit Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Middle East: 2014-2035
  • Total Commercial Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Middle East: 2014-2035
  • Residential Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Middle East: 2014-2035
  • Total Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Middle East: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Construction Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Rest of World: 2014-2035
  • Commercial Retrofit Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Rest of World: 2014-2035
  • Total Commercial Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Rest of World: 2014-2035
  • Residential Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Rest of World: 2014-2035
  • Total Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, Rest of World: 2014-2035
  • Total Zero Energy Building Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2035
  • Total Zero Energy Building Revenue by Product/Service, World Markets: 2014-2035
  • nZEB 2020 Roadmap Status, European Union: 2012
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Energy Efficient Buildings: Europe http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/energy-efficient-buildings-europe http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/energy-efficient-buildings-europe#comments Tue, 19 Aug 2014 17:00:11 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=68407 Smart Buildings
The market for energy efficient buildings in Europe is supported by stringent regulations that apply across the European Union (EU). As a result of legislation, including the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD), mandatory changes to country-level building codes are increasing the performance requirements that apply to new construction and major renovations of existing buildings. [...]]]>
Smart Buildings

The market for energy efficient buildings in Europe is supported by stringent regulations that apply across the European Union (EU). As a result of legislation, including the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD), mandatory changes to country-level building codes are increasing the performance requirements that apply to new construction and major renovations of existing buildings. These codes are pushing toward the delivery of nearly zero energy buildings by 2019 and 2021 for public and private buildings, respectively.

Technology and service-level innovation show the market’s response to the growing interest in and proven cost-effectiveness of building energy efficiency. Technologies such as light-emitting diode (LED) lighting are seeing price drops and performance gains. More sophisticated building automation and control systems take advantage of an increase in data availability and analytical capacity to identify a range of low and no cost performance improvements. Startup software solutions providers and traditional hardware vendors of heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC), lighting, and control systems are expanding their efficiency service offerings. Financial products for energy efficiency retrofits are also growing and removing barriers such as access to finance. Navigant Research forecasts that the European market for building energy efficient products and services will grow from €41.4 billion ($56 billion) in 2014 to €80.8 billion ($109 billion) in 2023.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the European market for residential and commercial building energy efficient products and services. The study summarizes the market drivers and barriers for energy efficient products and services, including energy service company (ESCO) energy performance contracting, across the policy and technology landscape in Europe. Market forecasts for revenue, broken out by product, development, and building type and European region, extend through 2023. The report also examines the key technologies related to building energy efficient products and services, as well as the competitive landscape.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • Which product groups for building energy efficiency are growing most strongly?
  • How are expanded service offerings reshaping the market for energy efficient building products and services for large OEMs?
  • What barriers exist that are preventing the energy efficient buildings market from ramping up more dramatically?
  • Which regions within Europe are experiencing the strongest market growth for energy efficient building products and services?
  • Why is the energy service company (ESCO) market poised to be a significant approach to delivering building energy efficiency?
Who needs this report?
  • Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) and lighting equipment and controls manufacturers
  • Building energy management software vendors
  • Building fabric materials manufacturers
  • Building facility management companies
  • Energy service companies (ESCOs)
  • Utilities
  • Government agencies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Introduction

1.2  Market Issues

1.3  Technology Issues

1.4  Product and Service Vendors

1.5  Market Forecast

2. Market Issues   

2.1  Overview

2.2  Market Segments

2.2.1   Commercial Buildings

2.2.2   Public and Institutional

2.2.3   Residential

2.2.4   New Buildings

2.2.5   Existing Buildings

2.3  Market Drivers

2.3.1   EU Energy Performance of Buildings Directive

2.3.2   EU Energy Efficiency Directive

2.3.3   EU Ecodesign Directive

2.3.4   EU Energy Labelling of Products Directive

2.3.5   EU 2050 Carbon Emissions Reduction Target

2.3.6   Cost of Energy

2.3.7   Sources of Finance

2.3.8   Green Building Ratings and Certifications

   2.3.8.1  Voluntary Assessments

   2.3.8.2  Energy Performance Certificates

2.3.9   City-Based Energy Efficiency Initiatives

   2.3.9.1  Covenant of Mayors

   2.3.9.2  Others

2.4  Market Barriers

2.4.1   Financial

2.4.2   Institutional and Administrative

2.4.3   Awareness, Advice, and Skills

2.4.4   Separation of Expenditure and Benefit

2.5  Regional and Country Analysis

2.5.1   Northwest Europe

   2.5.1.1  France

   2.5.1.2  Germany

   2.5.1.3  United Kingdom

2.5.2   Western Europe

2.5.3   Scandinavia

2.5.4   Southern Europe

2.5.5   Eastern Europe

3. Technology Issues

3.1  New Construction

3.2  Existing Building Renovation

3.2.1   Minor Retrofits

3.2.2   Moderate Retrofits

3.2.3   Deep Retrofits

3.2.4   Nearly Zero Energy

3.3  Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning

3.3.1   High-Efficiency Mechanical Systems

3.3.2   Solar Heating and Cooling

3.3.3   Passive/Mixed-Mode Systems

3.3.4   Heating and Cooling Controls

3.4  Building Fabric

3.4.1   High-Performance Glazing

3.4.2   Shades and Louvers

3.4.3   Insulation

3.5  Lighting

3.5.1   Light-Emitting Diode Lighting

3.5.2   Lighting Controls

3.6  Hot Water

3.6.1   High-Efficiency Systems

3.6.2   Water Efficiency

3.7  Building Management and Building Energy Management Systems

3.7.1   Sensors and Metering

3.7.2   Data Analysis and Modeling

3.7.3   Hardware and Controls

3.8  Tuning and Commissioning

3.8.1   Construction and Handover

3.8.2   Retro-Commissioning

3.9  ESCO

3.9.1   Energy Performance Contracting

   3.9.1.1  Guaranteed Savings Contracts

   3.9.1.2  Shared Savings Contracts

   3.9.1.3  Chauffage

   3.9.1.4  Managed Energy Savings Agreements

4. Key Industry Players 

4.1  Introduction

4.2  Large OEMs

4.2.1   BASF

4.2.2   BDR Thermea

4.2.3   Bosch Thermotechnology

4.2.4   Danfoss

4.2.5   Honeywell International

4.2.6   Johnson Controls

4.2.7   Philips

4.2.8   ROCKWOOL

4.2.9   Saint-Gobain

4.2.10   Schneider Electric

4.2.11   Siemens

4.2.12   Vaillant

4.3  Other Product and Service Providers

4.3.1   Building Products and Materials

   4.3.1.1  Ariston Thermo

   4.3.1.2  Daikin Industries

   4.3.1.3  Kingspan

   4.3.1.4  Viessmann

4.3.2   Energy and Facility Management Services

   4.3.2.1  Cofely

   4.3.2.2  Dalkia

   4.3.2.3  G4S

   4.3.2.4  Mitie

   4.3.2.5  Skanska AB

4.3.3   Software Services

   4.3.3.1  DEXMA

   4.3.3.2  Elster EnergyICT

   4.3.3.3  eSight Energy

   4.3.3.4  IBM

4.3.4   Energy Efficiency Financing

   4.3.4.1  Amber Infrastructure

   4.3.4.2  SUSI Partners

   4.3.4.3  Sustainable Development Capital

5. Market Forecasts  

5.1  Introduction

5.2  Market Expectations

5.3  European Market Forecasts

5.4  Regional Market Forecasts

5.5  Country Market Forecasts

5.5.1   France

5.5.2   Germany

5.5.3   United Kingdom

5.6  ESCO Market

5.7  Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Energy Efficient Product and Services Revenue by Product Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Final Household, Trades, and Services Energy Consumption by Country, Northwest Europe: 2006-2012
  • Commercial and Residential Building Floor Area by Country, Northwest Europe: 2013
  • Final Household, Trades, and Services Energy Consumption by Country, Western Europe*: 2006-2012
  • Commercial and Residential Building Floor Area by Country, Western Europe: 2013
  • Final Household, Trades, and Services Energy Consumption by Country, Scandinavia: 2006-2012
  • Commercial and Residential Building Floor Area by Country, Scandinavia: 2013
  • Final Household, Trades, and Services Energy Consumption by Country, Southern Europe: 2006-2012
  • Commercial and Residential Building Floor Area by Country, Southern Europe: 2013
  • Final Household, Trades, and Services Energy Consumption by Country, Eastern Europe: 2006-2012
  • Commercial and Residential Building Floor Area by Country, Eastern Europe: 2013
  • Energy Efficient HVAC and Controls Product Revenue by Building Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Product and Services Revenue by Region, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Product and Services Revenue by Product Type, France: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Product and Services Revenue by Product Type, Germany: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Product and Services Revenue by Product Type, United Kingdom: 2014-2023
  • ESCO Revenue by Region, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Lighting and Controls Product Revenue by Building Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Product and Services Revenue by Product Type, Northwest Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Product and Services Revenue by Product Type, Western Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Product and Services Revenue by Product Type, Scandinavia: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Product and Services Revenue by Product Type, Southern Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Product and Services Revenue by Product Type, Eastern Europe: 2014-2023
  • Final Energy Consumption in Building Stock by Energy Source, Europe: 1990-2009
  • CEN EPBD Standards in Use at the National Level: 2011
  • Number of Financial Instruments in Place by Country, EU: End of 2011
  • 2020 Energy Efficiency Reduction and Projected Policy Support
  • Energy Efficiency of Domestic Appliance Sales, European Union: 2011
  • Required Increase in Renovation Depth to Achieve 90% CO2 Savings by 2050
  • Covenant of Mayors Signatories
  • Assessment of European National Plans to Achieve EED Annual Energy Savings
  • Powerhouse Kjørbo, Norway
  • Optimizing Performance from Building Automation and Control Systems
  • Typical Length of Energy Performance Contracting Projects
  • Typical Energy Conservation Measures in Energy Performance Contracting Projects
  • Structure of Guaranteed Savings Agreements in Energy Performance Contracting Projects
  • Structure of Shared Savings Agreements in Energy Performance Contracting Projects

List of Tables

  • Electricity Prices for Households by Select EU Country and OECD Comparison: 2008-2013
  • European Regions and Countries
  • Final Household, Trades, and Services Energy Consumption by Country, Europe: 2006-2012
  • Commercial and Residential Building Floor Area by Country, Europe: 2013
  • Commercial and Residential Building Floor Area by Region, Europe: 2013
  • Final Household, Trades, and Services Energy Consumption by Country, Eastern Europe: 2006-2012
  • Commercial and Residential Building Floor Area by Country, Eastern Europe: 2013
  • Energy Efficient HVAC and Controls Product Revenue by Product Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient HVAC Product Revenue by Development Type, Commercial Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient HVAC Controls Product Revenue by Development Type, Commercial Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient HVAC Product Revenue by Development Type, Residential Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient HVAC Controls Product Revenue by Development Type, Residential Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient HVAC and Controls Product Revenue by Building Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient HVAC and Controls Product Revenue by Region, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Lighting and Controls Product Revenue by Product Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Lighting Product Revenue by Development Type, Commercial Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Lighting Controls Product Revenue by Development Type, Commercial Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Lighting Product Revenue by Development Type, Residential Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Lighting Controls Product Revenue by Development Type, Residential Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Lighting and Controls Product Revenue by Building Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Lighting and Controls Product Revenue by Region, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Water Heating and Water Efficiency Product Revenue by Product Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Water Heating Product Revenue by Development Type, Commercial Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Water Efficiency Product Revenue by Development Type, Commercial Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Water Heating Product Revenue by Development Type, Residential Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Water Efficiency Product Revenue by Development Type, Residential Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Water Heating and Water Efficiency Product Revenue by Building Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Water Heating and Water Efficiency Product Revenue by Region, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Insulation and Glazing Product Revenue by Product Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Insulation Product Revenue by Development Type, Commercial Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Glazing Product Revenue by Development Type, Commercial Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Insulation Product Revenue by Development Type, Residential Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Glazing Revenue by Development Type, Residential Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Insulation and Glazing Product Revenue by Building Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Insulation and Glazing Product Revenue by Region, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Management Technologies Product Revenue by Product Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient BMS Product Revenue by Development Type, Commercial Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient BEMS Product Revenue by Development Type, Commercial Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient BMS Product Revenue by Development Type, Residential Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient BEMS Revenue by Development Type, Residential Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Management Technologies Product Revenue by Building Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Management Technologies Product Revenue by Region, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficiency Services and Commissioning Revenue by Product Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient HVAC Controls Services Revenue by Development Type, Commercial Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Lighting Controls Services Revenue by Development Type, Commercial Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient BMS Services Revenue by Development Type, Commercial Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Commissioning Revenue by Development Type, Commercial Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficiency Services and Commissioning Revenue by Building Type, Commercial Buildings, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficiency Services and Commissioning Revenue by Region, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Product and Services Revenue by Product Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • ESCO Revenue by Region, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Product and Services Revenue by Product Type, Northwest Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Product and Services Revenue by Product Type, France: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Product and Services Revenue by Product Type, Germany: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Product and Services Revenue by Product Type, United Kingdom: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Product and Services Revenue by Product Type, Western Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Product and Services Revenue by Product Type, Scandinavia: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Product and Services Revenue by Product Type, Southern Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Product and Services Revenue by Product Type, Eastern Europe: 2014-2023
  • Energy Efficient Product and Services Revenue by Region, Europe: 2014-2023
  • European and National Green Building Certification Schemes
  • BASF SWOT Analysis
  • BDR Thermea SWOT Analysis
  • Bosch Thermotechnology SWOT Analysis
  • Danfoss SWOT Analysis
  • Honeywell SWOT Analysis
  • Johnson Controls SWOT Analysis
  • Philips SWOT Analysis
  • ROCKWOOL SWOT Analysis
  • Saint-Gobain SWOT Analysis
  • Schneider Electric SWOT Analysis
  • Siemens SWOT Analysis
  • Vaillant SWOT Analysis
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Wireless Control Systems for Smart Buildings http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/wireless-control-systems-for-smart-buildings http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/wireless-control-systems-for-smart-buildings#comments Thu, 31 Jul 2014 18:48:18 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=68030 Smart Buildings
While building automation and controls have been used for decades, wireless is becoming the catalyst for enabling more granular and immediate control over building systems. Wireless controls offer economic benefits due to the savings in labor costs for installation and maintenance compared with wired systems. The ability to install sensors and devices in buildings that [...]]]>
Smart Buildings

While building automation and controls have been used for decades, wireless is becoming the catalyst for enabling more granular and immediate control over building systems. Wireless controls offer economic benefits due to the savings in labor costs for installation and maintenance compared with wired systems. The ability to install sensors and devices in buildings that cannot easily be torn apart to put in wiring (such as historical buildings) provides savings in costs, as well.

Wireless controls can be used to link devices found in a variety of building systems, including heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC), lighting, fire & life safety, and security & access. The use of wireless local networks in consumer and commercial environments has increased dramatically over the past decade. In particular, Wi-Fi technology has enabled users who found traditional networking too costly or complicated to quickly connect existing devices. Yet, although many proponents of wireless technology cite the advantage of being able to easily position and reposition devices, building owners and managers remain skeptical about reliability and security. Navigant Research forecasts that global revenue from wireless nodes for building controls will grow from $84.8 million in 2013 to $434.0 million in 2023.

This Navigant Research report examines the state of the global wireless building controls industry with a focus on commercial buildings and four system types: HVAC, lighting, fire & life safety, and security & access. The study provides an analysis of the market drivers and opportunities, as well as technical challenges, related to wireless building controls. Global market forecasts for wireless node unit shipments and revenue, broken out by region, wireless technology, system, and device, extend through 2023. The report also examines the development of both propriety and standards-based wireless technologies and provides profiles of key industry players, including lighting controls vendors, wireless controls solutions providers, and enabling technology suppliers.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • How many wireless nodes will be deployed in the global wireless building controls market through 2023?
  • How will annual unit shipments of wireless nodes vary by region, wireless technology, and system and device type?
  • What types of devices are likely to be wireless?
  • Which building functions or applications will benefit the most from wireless controls?
  • What are the primary wireless technologies used in wireless building controls installations around the world?
Who needs this report?
  • Building controls integrators
  • Wireless controls vendors
  • Wired building controls manufacturers
  • Building energy management system providers
  • Commercial building managers and operators
  • Industry associations
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Wireless Building Controls

1.2  Market Drivers

1.3  Key Technologies

1.4  Opportunities and Challenges

2. Market Issues  

2.1  Overview of Wireless Building Controls

2.2  Market Drivers for Wireless Building Controls

2.2.1   Cost Considerations

   2.2.1.1  Wireless Module Costs

   2.2.1.2  Labor Costs for Pulling Wire

   2.2.1.3  Copper

   2.2.1.4  Operational Disruptions

   2.2.1.5  Technical Support Costs

   2.2.1.6  Cost Analysis of Wired and Wireless Deployments

2.2.2   Flexibility

2.2.3   Layout and Space Design Considerations

2.2.4   Productivity Considerations

2.2.5   Adherence to Building Codes and Green Certifications

   2.2.5.1  California Code of Regulations, Title 24

   2.2.5.2  ANSI/ASHRAE/IES Standard 90.1

2.2.6   New Buildings versus Retrofits

   2.2.6.1  New Buildings

   2.2.6.2  Building Retrofits

      2.2.6.2.1.  Use in Historical Structures or Challenging Installation Environments

2.2.7   Reduction of Maintenance and Operational Costs

2.2.8   Security

2.3  Market Opportunities for Wireless Building Controls

2.3.1   Current Utilization Levels and Scenarios

   2.3.1.1  HVAC

   2.3.1.2  Lighting

   2.3.1.3  Fire & Life Safety

   2.3.1.4  Security & Access Control

2.4  Technical Challenges

2.5  Environmental Considerations

2.6  Future Utilization

2.7  Changes in Wireless Supplier Landscape

3. Technology Issues

3.1  Building Controls Architectures Overview

3.1.1   BASs

3.1.2   BMSs

3.2  Types of Automation Protocols

3.2.1   BACnet

3.2.2   LonWorks

3.2.3   KNX

3.2.4   DALI

3.2.5   Modbus

3.2.6   oBIX

3.2.7   Metasys N2

3.3  Proprietary versus Open Standards

3.3.1    Evolution toward IP Networking

3.3.1.1     Potential IP Standard

3.4  Types of Wireless Communications Architectures and Designs

3.4.1   Point-to-Point

3.4.2   Point-to-Multipoint

3.4.3   Mesh

3.5  Technology Considerations

3.5.1   Data Throughput

3.5.2   Transmit Power and Range

3.5.3   Frequency Ranges

3.5.4   Security

3.5.5   Configurability

3.5.6   Interference with Other Systems

3.5.7   Reliability

3.5.8   Power Consumption

3.5.9   Energy Harvesting Capabilities

3.6  Wireless Technologies Not Suitable for Commercial Building Controls

3.7  Wireless Communications Technologies for Smart Buildings

3.7.1   Sub-GHz Proprietary Solutions

3.7.2   ZigBee

   3.7.2.1  Technology

   3.7.2.2  ZigBee Device Types

   3.7.2.3  Power Consumption

   3.7.2.4  ZigBee Application Profiles

      3.7.2.4.1.   ZBA

   3.7.2.5  ZigBee PRO and Green Power

   3.7.2.6  ZigBee IP

3.7.3   EnOcean

   3.7.3.1  Technology

3.7.4   Wi-Fi

   3.7.4.1  Technology

   3.7.4.2  Challenges

3.7.5   Z-Wave

3.7.6   Bluetooth

3.8  Embedded Modules Controls

3.9  Typical Configuration Scenarios

3.9.1   Separate Systems Using Gateways

3.9.2   Fully Integrated and Interoperable

3.10  Emerging Wireless Technology

4. Key Industry Players 

4.1  Overview

4.2  Leading Wireless Lighting Controls Vendors

4.2.1   Acuity Brands, Inc.

4.2.2   Leviton Manufacturing Co., Inc.

4.2.3   Lutron Electronics Co., Inc.

4.2.4   WattStopper

4.3  Leading Global Equipment and Service Providers

4.3.1   Honeywell International Inc.

4.3.2   Johnson Controls, Inc.

4.3.3   Schneider Electric SA

4.3.4   Siemens Building Technologies

4.3.5   Trane

4.4  Selected Lighting Controls Solutions Providers

4.4.1   Crestron Electronics

4.4.2   Daintree Networks, Inc.

4.4.3   Digital Lumens Inc.

4.4.4   Electronic Theatre Controls, Inc.

4.4.5   Enlighted Inc.

4.4.6   GE Total Lighting Control

4.4.7   Hubbell Building Automation

4.4.8   OSRAM GmbH

4.5  Selected Wireless Controls Providers

4.5.1   Echoflex Solutions

4.5.2   Seldera

4.5.3   Thermokon Sensortechnik

4.5.4   WEMS International

4.6  Enabling Technology Suppliers

4.6.1   EnOcean GmbH

4.6.2   Freescale Semiconductor

4.6.3   GainSpan

4.6.4   NXP Semiconductors (Jennic)

4.6.5   Silicon Laboratories, Inc.

4.7  Industry Associations

5. Market Forecasts 

5.1  Forecast Methodology

5.2  Forecast Assumptions

5.3  Worldwide Forecasts

5.4  North America Forecasts

5.5  Europe Forecasts

5.6  Asia Pacific Forecasts

5.7  Rest of World Forecasts

5.8  Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Wireless Node Revenue by System Type, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Historical Copper Production and Reserves, World Markets: 2004-2013
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by System Type, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Wireless HVAC Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Lighting Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Fire & Life Safety Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Security & Access Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by System Type, North America: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology, North America: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Revenue by Wireless Technology, North America: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by System Type, Europe: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology, Europe: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Revenue by Wireless Technology, Europe: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by System Type, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Revenue by Wireless Technology, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by System Type, Rest of World: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology, Rest of World: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Revenue by Wireless Technology, Rest of World: 2013-2023
  • Meredith College Sensor and Control System Quotes
  • Example HVAC BAS Components
  • Schematic of System Definitions
  • Building Control Networking Layer Comparison
  • BACnet Collapsed Architecture
  • Modbus Protocol Stack
  • IP Stack Overview
  • Standard Network Star Topology
  • ZigBee Network Topology
  • Leviton EnOcean-Powered Wireless Occupancy Sensor
  • Wireless Configuration Scenarios

List of Tables

  • Frequency Ranges Used in Building Wireless Systems
  • Comparison of Wireless Communications Protocols
  • Acuity Brands SWOT Analysis
  • Leviton SWOT Analysis
  • Lutron SWOT Analysis
  • WattStopper SWOT Analysis
  • Industry Associations
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology and System Type, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Revenue by Wireless Technology and System Type, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Revenue by Wireless Technology, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Controls Penetration Rate by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by System Type, North America: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Device Type and System Type, North America: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology and System Type, North America: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Revenue by Wireless Technology and System Type, North America: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology, North America: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Revenue by Wireless Technology, North America: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by System Type, Europe: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Device Type and System Type, Europe: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology and System Type, Europe: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Revenue by Wireless Technology and System Type, Europe: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology, Europe: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Revenue by Wireless Technology, Europe: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by System Type, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Device Type and System Type, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology and System Type, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Revenue by Wireless Technology and System Type, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Revenue by Wireless Technology, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by System Type, Rest of World: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Device Type and System Type, Rest of World: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology and System Type, Rest of World: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Revenue by Wireless Technology and System Type, Rest of World: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology, Rest of World: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Revenue by Wireless Technology, Rest of World: 2013-2023
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Navigant Research Leaderboard Report: Building Energy Management Systems http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/navigant-research-leaderboard-report-building-energy-management-systems http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/navigant-research-leaderboard-report-building-energy-management-systems#comments Mon, 07 Jul 2014 23:10:03 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=67244 Smart Buildings
The competitive landscape for building energy management systems (BEMSs) has heated up in recent years.  Software developers aim to take advantage of a confluence of technology and market factors driving interest in sophisticated energy management systems.  On the technology side, the advent of cloud-based software as a service (SaaS) platforms has facilitated scalable solutions upon [...]]]>
Smart Buildings

The competitive landscape for building energy management systems (BEMSs) has heated up in recent years.  Software developers aim to take advantage of a confluence of technology and market factors driving interest in sophisticated energy management systems.  On the technology side, the advent of cloud-based software as a service (SaaS) platforms has facilitated scalable solutions upon which new analytics can be added over time.  On the customer side, a rise in demand for systems that reduce operating costs, control corporate carbon emissions, and increase visibility into operations has led BEMS vendors to continue to innovate to meet the evolving market demand.

Navigant Research Leaderboard Report: Building Energy Management Systems

Given this confluence of market factors, the BEMS market is poised for significant growth in the coming years.  Software offerings will continue to form the foundation of this market, but the services and hardware associated with these offerings will experience growth, as well.  Meanwhile, the promise of data-driven energy management solutions has attracted a wide range of new and traditional players to the global market, each of which leverages a combination of tested technologies and innovative analytics capabilities to gain a foothold in this intensely competitive market.  Navigant Research forecasts that the global BEMS market will grow from $2.4 billion in 2014 to $5.6 billion in 2020.

This Navigant Research Leaderboard Report examines the strategy and execution of 14 leading players with BEMS platforms that provide enterprise-level energy management and sophisticated data analytics offerings.  These BEMS vendors are rated on ten criteria: vision, go-to-market strategy, partnership strategy, technology & solution portfolio, geographic coverage, user interface, breath/depth of applications, technology openness & interoperability, customer acquisition & partnerships, and scalability & staying power.  Using Navigant Research’s proprietary Leaderboard methodology, vendors are profiled, rated, and ranked with the goal of providing industry participants with an objective assessment of these companies’ relative strengths and weaknesses in the growing BEMS market.

Top 10 Vendors:

1. Schneider Electric

2. Siemens

3. Elster EnergyICT

4. Johnson Controls, Inc.

5. Verisae

6. IBM

7. Cylon Active Energy

8. C3 Energy

9. GridPoint

10. Ecova

Key Questions Addressed:
  • Which vendors are Leaders, Contenders, and Challengers in the global building energy management system (BEMS) market?
  • What distinguishes various BEMS vendors from a technology perspective?
  • Which business models have enabled BEMS vendors to achieve the best traction?
  • How does proprietary hardware affect the soundness of a BEMS vendor’s business model?
  • Which vendors have made the most progress in securing partnerships and customers for their BEMS offerings?
Who needs this report?
  • BEMS software vendors
  • Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) equipment vendors
  • Lighting system vendors
  • Building automation system (BAS) vendors
  • Energy service companies (ESCOs)
  • Utilities
  • Government agencies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Market Introduction

1.2  Criteria Overview

1.3  The Navigant Research Leaderboard Grid

2. Market Overview  

2.1  Market Definition

2.2  Market Drivers

2.2.1   The Growth of Smart Building Infrastructure

2.2.2   Corporate Sustainability and Energy Management Initiatives

2.2.3   Energy Efficiency Regulatory Support

2.2.4   Cloud-Based Data Management

2.3  Market Barriers

2.3.1   Lack of Buildings Primed for Smart Building Technology

2.3.2   Split Incentives

2.3.3   Lack of Familiarity with BEMSs and Perceptions of High Cost

2.4  Market Trends

3. The Navigant Research Leaderboard

3.1  The Navigant Research Leaderboard Categories

3.1.1   Leaders

3.1.2   Contenders

3.1.3   Challengers

3.1.4   Followers

3.2  The Navigant Research Leaderboard Grid

4. Company Rankings  

4.1  Leaders

4.1.1   Schneider Electric

4.1.2   Siemens

4.2  Contenders

4.2.1   Elster EnergyICT

4.2.2   Johnson Controls, Inc.

4.2.3   Verisae

4.2.4   IBM

4.2.5   Cylon Active Energy

4.2.6   C3 Energy

4.2.7   GridPoint

4.2.8   Ecova

4.2.9   Honeywell

4.2.10   EnerNOC

4.3  Challengers

4.3.1   Pulse Energy

4.3.2   eSight Energy

4.4  Followers

5. Company Directory
6. Acronym and Abbreviation List
7. Table of Contents
8. Table of Charts and Figures
9. Scope of Study and Methodology

9.1  Scope of Study

9.2  Sources and Methodology

9.2.1   Vendor Selection

9.2.2   Ratings Scale

9.2.2.1  Score Calculations

9.2.3   Criteria Definitions

9.2.3.1  Strategy

9.2.3.2  Execution

List of Charts and Figures

  • The Navigant Research Leaderboard Grid
  • BEMS Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2012-2020
  • Schneider Electric Strategy and Execution Scores
  • Siemens Strategy and Execution Scores
  • Elster EnergyICT Strategy and Execution Scores
  • Johnson Controls Strategy and Execution Scores
  • Verisae Strategy and Execution Scores
  • IBM Strategy and Execution Scores
  • Cylon Active Energy Strategy and Execution Scores
  • C3 Energy Strategy and Execution Scores
  • GridPoint Strategy and Execution Scores
  • Ecova Strategy and Execution Scores
  • Honeywell Strategy and Execution Scores
  • EnerNOC Strategy and Execution Scores
  • Pulse Energy Strategy and Execution Scores
  • eSight Energy Strategy and Execution Scores
  • BEMS Vendors by Focus Area

List of Tables

  • BEMS Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2012-2020
  • The Navigant Research Leaderboard Overall Score
  • Vendor Scores
  • Vendor Scores on Strategy Criteria
  • Vendor Scores on Execution Criteria
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Global Building Stock Database http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/global-building-stock-database http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/global-building-stock-database#comments Mon, 30 Jun 2014 23:59:58 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=66828 Smart Buildings
Commercial, residential, and industrial buildings are responsible for 47% of global greenhouse gas emissions and 49% of the world’s energy consumption. Much of this energy is consumed needlessly and can be reduced through cost-effective measures. Knowledge of the size and composition of the global building stock is essential for understanding the built environment and the [...]]]>
Smart Buildings

Commercial, residential, and industrial buildings are responsible for 47% of global greenhouse gas emissions and 49% of the world’s energy consumption. Much of this energy is consumed needlessly and can be reduced through cost-effective measures. Knowledge of the size and composition of the global building stock is essential for understanding the built environment and the potential market for new energy efficiency technologies, as well as the impact those technologies can have in helping achieve significant reductions in energy consumption and carbon emissions.

Over the next 10 years, the global building stock will continue to grow due to a number of factors. Perhaps most dramatic is the continuing trend of urbanization worldwide. In addition, construction markets, though weakened from pre-recession levels, continue to add new commercial and residential floor space to the global building stock. Further economic growth, particularly in developing countries, will also bolster demand for more building space to support a rising middle class with services. Although all regions will see considerable growth in the building stock during the next decade, Asia Pacific will account for the majority of new additions. Navigant Research forecasts that the global building stock will grow from 138.2 billion m2 in 2013 to 171.3 billion m2 in 2023.

This Navigant Research report provides data on the size and growth of the global building stock from 2013 to 2023. Included in the study is a qualitative description of the key drivers and trends related to the building stock and an explanation of the methodology used to build the data set. The building stock data covers eight commercial building types (office, retail, education, healthcare, hotels & restaurants, institutional/assembly, warehouse, and transport) and two residential building types (single-family detached and multi-unit residential) for seven regions worldwide. This report is intended to provide a comprehensive picture of the global commercial and residential building stock.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • What is the total size of the building stock today and how will it grow between now and 2023?
  • How much space is dedicated to commercial end uses such as office, retail, and education?
  • What are the main indicators and trends that dictate the size and composition of the global building stock?
  • Which commercial building types will see the strongest growth over time?
  • Which regions will witness the most growth in the commercial building stock?
  • How does the composition of residential buildings vary from country to country?
  • How do living patterns vary from region to region and how do these differences influence the size of the residential building stock?
Who needs this report?
  • Lighting equipment vendors
  • HVAC equipment vendors
  • Green building design and construction firms
  • Energy service companies (ESCOs)
  • International real estate companies
  • Energy sector trade associations and advocacy groups
  • Government agencies, regulators, and policymakers
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Overview

1.2  Scope of Coverage and Methodology

1.3  Changes from Previous Versions of This Report

1.4  Global Forecast

2. Market Issues

2.1  Methodology

2.1.1  Literature Review of Secondary Resources

2.1.2  Quantitative Model

2.1.2.1  Key Building Stock Growth Metrics

2.1.2.2  Other Building Stock Growth Metrics

2.1.2.3  Changes from Previous Versions of This Report

2.1.2.4  Commercial Building Types

2.1.2.4.1.  Office

2.1.2.4.2.  Retail

2.1.2.4.3.  Education

2.1.2.4.4.  Healthcare

2.1.2.4.5.  Hotels & Restaurants

2.1.2.4.6.  Institutional/Assembly

2.1.2.4.7.  Warehouse

2.1.2.4.8.  Transport

2.1.2.5  Residential Building Types

2.1.2.5.1.  Single-Family Detached

2.1.2.5.2.  Multi-Unit Residential

2.1.3  Building Stock Patterns

2.1.3.1  Geographic Segmentation

2.1.3.2  Definition of Gross Floor Area

2.1.3.3  Time Period

2.1.3.4  Units

2.1.3.5  Building Stock Growth

2.1.3.6  Vacancy

3. Forecasts

3.1  Overview

3.2  North America

3.2.1  United States

3.2.1.1  Commercial Buildings

3.2.1.2  Residential Buildings

3.2.2  Canada

3.2.2.1  Commercial Buildings

3.2.2.2  Residential Buildings

3.2.3  North America Overview

3.2.3.1  Commercial Buildings

3.2.3.2  Residential Buildings

3.3  Western Europe

3.3.1  France

3.3.1.1  Commercial Buildings

3.3.1.2  Residential Buildings

3.3.2  Germany

3.3.2.1  Commercial Buildings

3.3.2.2  Residential Buildings

3.3.3  United Kingdom

3.3.3.1  Commercial Buildings

3.3.3.2  Residential Buildings

3.3.4  Western Europe Overview

 3.4  Eastern Europe

3.4.1  Russia

3.4.1.1  Commercial Buildings

3.4.1.2  Residential Buildings

3.4.2  Eastern Europe Overview

3.4.2.1  Commercial Buildings

3.4.2.2  Residential Buildings

3.5  Asia Pacific

3.5.1  China

3.5.2  Japan

3.5.2.1  Commercial Buildings

3.5.2.2  Residential Buildings

3.5.3  India

3.5.3.1  Commercial Buildings

3.5.3.2  Residential Buildings

3.5.4  South Korea

3.5.4.1  Commercial Buildings

3.5.4.2  Residential Buildings

3.5.5  Australia

3.5.5.1  Commercial Buildings

3.5.5.2  Residential Buildings

3.5.6  Asia Pacific Overview

3.5.6.1  Commercial Buildings

3.5.6.2  Residential Buildings

3.6  Latin America

3.6.1  Brazil

3.6.1.1  Commercial Buildings

3.6.1.2  Residential Buildings

3.6.2  Latin America Overview

3.6.2.1  Commercial Buildings

3.6.2.2  Residential Buildings

3.6.3  Middle East Overview

3.6.3.1  Commercial Buildings

3.6.3.2  Residential Buildings

3.7  Africa

3.7.1  South Africa

3.7.1.1  Commercial Buildings

3.7.1.2  Residential Buildings

3.7.2  Africa Overview

3.7.2.1  Commercial Buildings

3.7.2.2  Residential Buildings

4. Appendix A: Countries and Other Political Entities by Region

4.1 North America

4.2 Western Europe

4.3 Eastern Europe

4.4 Asia Pacific

4.5 Latin America

4.6 Middle East

4.7 Africa

5. Acronym and Abbreviation List
6. Table of Contents
7. Table of Charts and Figures
8. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Total Building Stock by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Share of Gross Domestic Product by Region, World Markets: 2013
  • Total Building Space per Capita by Region, World Markets: 2013
  • Population by Region, World Markets: 2013 and 2023
  • Commercial Building Stock by Building Type, United States: 2013-2023
  • Residential Building Stock by Building Type, United States: 2013-2023
  • Commercial Building Stock by Building Type, Canada: 2013-2023
  • Residential Building Stock by Building Type, Canada: 2013-2023
  • Commercial Building Stock by Building Type: North America 2013-2023
  • Residential Building Stock by Building Type, North America: 2013-2023
  • Commercial Building Stock by Building Type, France: 2013-2023
  • Residential Building Stock by Building Type, France: 2013-2023
  • Commercial Building Stock by Building Type, Germany: 2013-2023
  • Residential Building Stock by Building Type, Germany: 2013-2023
  • Commercial Building Stock by Building Type, United Kingdom: 2013-2023
  • Residential Building Stock by Building Type, United Kingdom: 2013-2023
  • Commercial Building Stock by Building Type, Western Europe: 2013-2023
  • Residential Building Stock by Building Type, Western Europe: 2013-2023
  • Commercial Building Stock by Building Type, Russia: 2013-2023
  • Residential Building Stock by Building Type, Russia: 2013-2023
  • Commercial Building Stock by Building Type, Eastern Europe: 2013-2023
  • Residential Building Stock by Building Type, Eastern Europe: 2013-2023
  • Commercial Building Stock by Building Type, China: 2013-2023
  • Residential Building Stock by Building Type, China: 2013-2023
  • Commercial Building Stock by Building Type, Japan: 2013-2023
  • Residential Building Stock by Building Type, Japan: 2013-2023
  • Commercial Building Stock by Building Type, India: 2013-2023
  • Residential Building Stock by Building Type, India: 2013-2023
  • Commercial Building Stock, South Korea: 2013-2023
  • Residential Building Stock by Building Type, South Korea: 2013-2023
  • Commercial Building Stock by Building Type, Australia: 2013-2023
  • Residential Building Stock by Building Type, Australia: 2013-2023
  • Commercial Building Stock by Building Type, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Residential Building Stock by Building Type, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Commercial Building Stock by Building Type, Brazil: 2013-2023
  • Residential Building Stock by Building Type, Brazil: 2013-2023
  • Commercial Building Stock by Building Type, Latin America Total: 2013-2023
  • Residential Building Stock by Building Type, Latin America: 2013-2023
  • Commercial Building Stock by Building Type, United Arab Emirates: 2013-2023
  • Residential Building Stock by Building Type, United Arab Emirates: 2013-2023
  • Commercial Building Stock by Building Type, Middle East: 2013-2023
  • Residential Building Stock by Building Type, Middle East: 2013-2023
  • Commercial Building Stock by Building Type, South Africa: 2013-2023
  • Residential Building Stock by Building Type, South Africa: 2013-2023
  • Commercial Building Stock by Building Type, Africa: 2013-2023
  • Residential Building Stock by Building Type, Africa: 2013-2023

List of Tables

  • Fastest-Growing Megacities by Annual Growth Rate, World Markets: 2010-2025
  • Gross Domestic Product by Region, World Markets: 2013
  • Total Building Space per Capita by Region, World Markets: 2013
  • Population by Region, World Markets: 2013 and 2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, North America: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, United States: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Canada: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Greenland: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Western Europe: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, France: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Germany: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, United Kingdom: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Italy: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Spain: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Rest of Western Europe (excl. France, Germany, United Kingdom, Italy, and Spain): 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Andorra: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Austria: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Belgium: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Cyprus: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Denmark: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Faroe Islands: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Finland: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Gibraltar: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Greece: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Guernsey: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Iceland: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Ireland: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Isle of Man: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Jersey: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Liechtenstein: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Luxembourg: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Malta: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Monaco: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, The Netherlands: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Norway: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Portugal: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, San Marino: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Sweden: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Switzerland: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Eastern Europe: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Russia: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Albania: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Belarus: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Bosnia and Herzegovina: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Bulgaria: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Croatia: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Czech Republic: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Estonia: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Georgia: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Hungary: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Latvia: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Lithuania: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Macedonia: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Moldova: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Montenegro: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Poland: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Romania: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Serbia: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Slovakia: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Slovenia: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Ukraine: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, China: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Japan: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, India: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, South Korea: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Australia: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Rest of Asia Pacific (excl. China, Japan, India, South Korea, and Australia): 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Afghanistan: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, American Samoa: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Armenia: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Azerbaijan: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Bangladesh: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Bhutan: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Brunei: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Burma: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Cambodia: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Hong Kong: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Macau: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Comoros: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Cook Islands: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Fiji: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, French Polynesia: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Indonesia: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Kazakhstan: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Kiribati: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, North Korea: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Kyrgyzstan: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Laos: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Malaysia: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Maldives: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Marshall Islands: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Mayotte: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Micronesia: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Mongolia: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Nauru: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Nepal: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, New Caledonia: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, New Zealand: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Norfolk Island: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Northern Mariana Islands: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Pakistan: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Palau: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Papua New Guinea: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Philippines: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Samoa: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Singapore: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Solomon Islands: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Sri Lanka: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Tajikistan: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Thailand: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Timor-Leste: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Tonga: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Turkmenistan: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Tuvalu: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Uzbekistan: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Vanuatu: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Vietnam: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Wallis and Futuna: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Latin America: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Brazil: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Mexico: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Argentina: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Rest of Latin America (excl. Brazil, Mexico, and Argentina): 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Anguilla: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Antigua and Barbuda: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Aruba: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, The Bahamas: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Barbados: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Belize: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Bermuda: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Bolivia: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, British Virgin Islands: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Cayman Islands: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Chile: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Colombia: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Costa Rica: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Cuba: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Dominica: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Dominican Republic: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Ecuador: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, El Salvador: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Falkland Islands: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Grenada: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Guatemala: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Guyana: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Haiti: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Honduras: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Jamaica: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Montserrat: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Netherlands Antilles: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Nicaragua: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Panama: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Paraguay: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Peru: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Puerto Rico: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Saint Helena: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Saint Kitts and Nevis: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Saint Lucia: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, St. Pierre & Miquelon: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Taiwan: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Suriname: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Trinidad and Tobago: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Turks and Caicos Islands: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Uruguay: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Venezuela: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Virgin Islands of the United States: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Middle East: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, United Arab Emirates: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Turkey: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Saudi Arabia: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Bahrain: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Iran: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Iraq: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Israel: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Jordan: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Kuwait: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Lebanon: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Oman: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Palestine: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Qatar: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Syria: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Yemen: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Africa: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, South Africa: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Algeria: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Angola: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Benin: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Botswana: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Burkina Faso: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Burundi: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Cameroon: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Cape Verde: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Central African Republic: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Chad: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Democratic Republic of the Congo: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Congo (Brazzaville): 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Cote d’Ivoire: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Djibouti: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Egypt: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Equatorial Guinea: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Eritrea: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Ethiopia: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Gabon: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, The Gambia: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Ghana: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Guinea: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Guinea-Bissau: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Kenya: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Lesotho: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Liberia: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Libya: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Madagascar: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Malawi: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Mali: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Mauritania: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Mauritius: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Morocco: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Mozambique: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Namibia: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Niger: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Nigeria: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Rwanda: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Sao Tome and Principe: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Senegal: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Seychelles: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Sierra Leone: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Somalia: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Sudan and South Sudan: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Swaziland: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Tanzania: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Togo: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Tunisia: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Uganda: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Western Sahara: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Zambia: 2013-2023
  • Building Stock by Building Type, Zimbabwe: 2013-2023
  • Total Building Stock by Building Type, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Total Building Stock by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Countries of North America
  • Countries of Western Europe
  • Countries of Eastern Europe
  • Countries of Asia Pacific
  • Countries of Latin America
  • Countries of the Middle East
  • Countries of Africa
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Smart Cities http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/smart-cities http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/smart-cities#comments Sat, 28 Jun 2014 03:22:30 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=66715 Smart Cities
City leaders all over the world have embraced the smart city concept with enthusiasm. They are heralding innovative projects and laying out a vision for how cities can use technology to meet sustainability goals, boost local economies, and improve services. This commitment to changing how cities operate is driving the continued interest in smart cities. [...]]]>
Smart Cities

City leaders all over the world have embraced the smart city concept with enthusiasm. They are heralding innovative projects and laying out a vision for how cities can use technology to meet sustainability goals, boost local economies, and improve services. This commitment to changing how cities operate is driving the continued interest in smart cities. Moreover, the smart city concept is evolving as more cities set out their own agenda and a growing range of suppliers deliver solutions to meet their emerging needs.

Smart city technologies are being developed to address a range of issues, including energy management, water management, urban mobility, street lighting, and public safety, for example. These innovations are underpinned by general developments in areas such as wireless communications, sensor networks, data analytics, and cloud computing. The smart city concept is also driving new integrated approaches to city operations. Navigant Research forecasts that global smart city technology revenue will grow from $8.8 billion annually in 2014 to $27.5 billion in 2023.

This Navigant Research report examines the evolution of the global smart city market, detailing the impacts on key technology markets, including smart grids, water management, transportation, building energy efficiency, and government services. The study compares different approaches to the smart city and provides comprehensive profiles of noteworthy smart city projects in each major world region. Global forecasts of the size and growth of the market for smart city technologies, segmented by smart city industry sector and region, extend through 2023. The report also examines the significant market drivers and challenges related to smart cities, as well as the competitive landscape.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • What defines the smart city?
  • What are the key policy, technology, and economic issues that are influencing the development of smart cities?
  • Which smart technologies are having the biggest impact on smart cities?
  • How are smart cities shaping technology developments?
  • How do smart city concepts and projects differ around the world?
  • What financing models are being used in smart city development?
  • Who are the key players in the smart city market and how do they relate to each other?
  • How large is the global smart city technology market and how will growth vary by industry sector and region?
Who needs this report?
  • IT, networking, and telecommunications vendors
  • Smart grid hardware and software vendors
  • Building equipment and appliance vendors
  • Smart transportation providers
  • Energy management hardware and software vendors
  • Utilities
  • Government agencies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  The Evolution of the Smart City

1.2  Defining the Smart City

1.3  Market Drivers

1.4  The Role of Smart City Technologies

1.5  Emerging Themes

1.6  Market Opportunity

2. Market Issues

2.1  The Evolution of the Smart City Market

2.1.1   The Smart City: A Definition

2.2  Market Drivers

2.2.1   Urbanization

2.2.2   Sustainability

2.2.3   Economic Development

2.2.4   Improving Services and Quality of Life

2.3  The Building Blocks of a Smart City

2.3.1   Smart Energy and Smart Grids: Powering the Smart City

2.3.2   Smart Water: Solving a Global Issue

2.3.3   Smart Transportation: Rethinking Urban Mobility

2.3.4   Smart Buildings: Linking Buildings and Cities

2.3.5   Smart Government: Improving City Services

2.4  Emerging Themes

2.4.1   Focusing on the Role of the Citizen

2.4.2   Resilience

2.4.3   Big Data and the Smart City

2.5  Market Challenges

2.5.1   Finance

2.5.1.1  Developing a Holistic View of the City

2.5.1.2  Multiple Stakeholders

2.5.2   Citizen Engagement and Resistance

2.5.3   Privacy and Security

2.6  Market Dynamics: Leaders, Challengers, and New Entrants

3. Technology Issues

3.1  The Smart City Model

3.2  The Connected City

3.2.1   The SCOS and the IoT

3.2.2   The Communications Infrastructure of the Connected City

3.2.3   Developing a Robust and Scalable Architecture

3.2.4   The Evolution of Smart City Communications

3.3  The Benefits and Challenges of Big Data

3.3.1   The Impact of Big Data

3.3.2   The Importance of Open Data

3.3.3   The Challenges of Big Data

3.3.3.1  Data Integration

3.3.3.2  Balancing Top-Down and Bottom-Up Approaches

3.3.3.3  Lack of Data Skills

3.4  Visualizing the City

3.5  Smart City Standards

3.5.1   The Push for Standards

3.5.2   City Protocol

3.5.3   International Organization for Standardization

3.5.4   European Standards Organizations

3.5.5   United Kingdom: Smart City Framework

3.5.6   Smart Cities Council

4. Regional Trends and Case Studies

4.1  Introduction

4.2  North America

4.2.1   Urbanization Trends

4.2.1.1  United States

4.2.1.2  Canada

4.2.2   Setting an Agenda for Sustainability and Climate Change Action

4.2.3   Smart Grids and Smart Cities

4.2.4   Upgrading the Water Infrastructure

4.2.5   The New Mobility Agenda

4.2.6   New Approaches to Building Design and Management

4.2.7   Renewing City Government

4.2.8   Case Study: San Francisco, California

4.3  Europe

4.3.1   Urbanization Trends

4.3.2   Smart Cities and Europe’s Climate, Energy, and Economic Objectives

4.3.3   Building on Europe’s Cleantech Investments

4.3.4   Europe’s Digital Agenda

4.3.5   Smart Cities and Communities European Innovation Partnership

4.3.6   Other European-Wide Initiatives

4.3.7   National Smart City Trends

4.3.7.1  France

4.3.7.2  Germany

4.3.7.3  Spain

4.3.7.4  United Kingdom

4.3.7.5  Other European Countries

4.3.8   Case Study: Amsterdam, the Netherlands

4.3.9   Case Study: Barcelona, Spain

4.3.10 Case Study: Glasgow, United Kingdom

4.4  Asia Pacific

4.4.1   Urbanization Trends

4.4.2   China

4.4.3   Taiwan

4.4.4   India

4.4.5   Japan

4.4.6   Singapore

4.4.7   South Korea

4.4.8   Case Study: Ningbo, China

4.4.9   Case Study: Yokohama, Japan

4.4.10 Case Study: Christchurch, New Zealand

4.4.11  Case Study: Songdo, South Korea

4.5  Latin America

4.5.1   Urbanization Trends

4.5.2   Smart City Drivers and Case Studies

4.5.3   Case Study: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

4.6  Middle East

4.6.1   Urbanization Trends

4.6.2   Smart City Drivers and Case Studies

4.7  Africa

4.7.1   Urbanization Trends

4.7.2   Smart City Drivers and Case Studies

5. Key Industry Players

5.1  Introduction

5.2  Global Smart City Providers

5.2.1   Accenture

5.2.2   Cisco Systems

5.2.3   Hitachi

5.2.4   IBM

5.2.5   Microsoft

5.2.6   SAP

5.2.7   Schneider Electric

5.2.8   Siemens

5.2.9   Toshiba

5.3  Other Players

5.3.1   ABB Tropos

5.3.2   AGT International

5.3.3   Atos

5.3.4   Autodesk

5.3.5   Capgemini

5.3.6   Cityzenith

5.3.7   Esri

5.3.8   Firetide

5.3.9   Honeywell International

5.3.10  Huawei

5.3.11  Itron

5.3.12  KT Corp.

5.3.13  Libelium

5.3.14 Living PlanIT

5.3.15 Oracle

5.3.16 Orange Group

5.3.17 OSIsoft

5.3.18 Silver Spring Networks

5.3.19 Urbiotica

5.3.20 Verizon Communications

5.3.21 Worldsensing

6. Market Forecasts   

6.1  Forecast Methodology

6.2  Smart City Market Growth

6.3  Industry Forecasts

6.3.1   Smart Energy

6.3.2   Smart Water

6.3.3   Smart Transportation

6.3.4   Smart Buildings

6.3.5   Smart Government

6.4  Regional Forecasts

6.4.1   North America

6.4.2   Europe

6.4.3   Asia Pacific

6.4.4   Latin America

6.4.5   Middle East & Africa

6.5  Conclusions and Recommendations

7. Company Directory
8. Acronym and Abbreviation List
9. Table of Contents
10. Table of Charts and Figures
11. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Smart City Technology Annual Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Fastest-Growing Megacities by Annual Growth Rate, World Markets: 2010-2025
  • Distribution of Government Expenditures by Level of Government, Select OECD Countries: 2009
  • Smart City Technology Annual Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Smart City Technology Cumulative Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Smart City Technology Annual Revenue by Industry, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Smart City Technology Annual Revenue by Industry, North America: 2014-2023
  • Smart City Technology Annual Revenue by Industry, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Smart City Technology Annual Revenue by Industry, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • Smart City Technology Annual Revenue by Industry, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • Smart City Technology Annual Revenue by Industry, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
  • Navigant Research Smart City Model
  • Number of Cities Greater Than 50,000 Inhabitants by Country, European Union

List of Tables

  • Fastest-Growing Megacities by Annual Growth Rate, World Markets: 2010-2025
  • Distribution of Government Expenditures by Level of Government, Select OECD Countries: 2009
  • Smart City Applications and Technologies
  • Largest Cities* by Population and Growth Rate, United States: 2010 and 2025
  • Example City Sustainability Programs, United States
  • Example Smart Grid Smart City Projects, Europe
  • Largest Cities by Population and Growth Rate, Latin America: 2010 and 2025
  • Largest Cities by Population and Growth Rate, Middle East: 2010 and 2025
  • Largest Cities by Population and Growth Rate, Africa: 2010 and 2025
  • Smart City Technology Annual Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Smart City Technology Cumulative Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Smart City Technology Annual Revenue by Industry, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Smart City Technology Cumulative Revenue by Industry, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Smart City Smart Energy Technology Annual Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Smart City Smart Water Technology Annual Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Smart City Smart Transportation Technology Annual Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Smart City Smart Buildings Technology Annual Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Smart City Smart Government Technology Annual Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Smart City Technology Annual Revenue by Industry and Country, North America: 2014-2023
  • Smart City Technology Annual Revenue by Industry and Country, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Smart City Technology Annual Revenue by Industry and Country, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • Smart City Technology Annual Revenue by Industry and Country, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • Smart City Technology Annual Revenue by Industry, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
  • Accenture SWOT Analysis
  • Cisco SWOT Analysis
  • Hitachi SWOT Analysis
  • IBM SWOT Analysis
  • Microsoft SWOT Analysis
  • SAP SWOT Analysis
  • Schneider Electric SWOT Analysis
  • Siemens SWOT Analysis
  • Toshiba SWOT Analysis
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Smart Street Lighting http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/smart-street-lighting http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/smart-street-lighting#comments Fri, 27 Jun 2014 04:58:53 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=66414 Smart BuildingsSmart Cities
Falling prices for light-emitting diode (LED) street lights have spurred a global transition from older lamp technologies to the newer, more efficient, and more controllable lamp technology. Prices for LED street lighting have come down to the point where payback periods are becoming reasonable with or without subsidies. Residents in cities worldwide are appreciating the [...]]]>
Smart BuildingsSmart Cities

Falling prices for light-emitting diode (LED) street lights have spurred a global transition from older lamp technologies to the newer, more efficient, and more controllable lamp technology. Prices for LED street lighting have come down to the point where payback periods are becoming reasonable with or without subsidies. Residents in cities worldwide are appreciating the improved nighttime visibility provided by the whiter light of LED street lights. Meanwhile, city managers are enjoying the cost savings that come from the resulting reduction in both energy consumption and maintenance costs.

Although the LED transition is in large part driving the adoption of new networked street light systems, most LED upgrades continue to be completed without any additional controls beyond simple photocells. After years of pilot control projects, however, a growing number of large-scale networked systems have proven that networked systems can work and can provide real benefits. These smart street lighting systems can provide substantial energy savings and a host of non-energy benefits. Yet, as LED prices continue to erode and the long lifespan of LED lamps results in fewer replacements, overall revenue from street lighting will begin to fall. Navigant Research forecasts that global street lighting revenue will decline from $2.5 billion in 2014 to $2.3 billion in 2023.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the global market for roadway and highway lighting. The study provides an analysis of the market issues, including drivers and trends, barriers, and ownership models, associated with lamps, luminaires, and lighting controls in these street lighting applications. Global market forecasts for unit sales and revenue, segmented by region, application, and equipment and construction type, extend through 2023. The report also examines the key codes, standards, and technologies related to street lighting, as well as the competitive landscape.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • How do changing codes and regulations around street lighting affect the adoption of LED lamps and lighting controls?
  • What are some potential ways to address the barriers hindering the adoption of street lighting controls?
  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of different lighting control and communications strategies?
  • Which companies are developing innovative new lighting products and techniques for city managers?
  • How quickly will LED lamps be adopted on roadways and highways?
  • What is the outlook for lamps, luminaires, and lighting control equipment and software in each world region?
  • How are various established and startup companies positioned for success in the lighting controls market?
Who needs this report?
  • Lamp, luminaire, and control equipment manufacturers and suppliers
  • City managers
  • Electric utilities
  • Energy service companies (ESCOs)
  • Smart grid application vendors
  • Energy regulators and policymakers
  • Standards development organizations
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Introduction

1.2  Key Market Drivers

1.3  Forecast Highlights

2. Market Issues

2.1  Market Overview

2.1.1   From LED Deployments to Networked Systems

2.1.2   Smart Street Lighting and Smart Cities

2.1.3   Smart Street Lighting and Other Intelligent Systems

2.2  Street Lighting Categories

2.2.1   Highways

2.2.2   Roadways

2.3  Drivers and Trends Affecting Adoption

2.3.1   Falling LED prices

2.3.2   Smart City Investment

2.3.3   IoT

2.3.4   Desire to Reduce Carbon Emissions

2.3.5   Emergency Response

2.3.6   Light Pollution

2.3.7   Growing Expectation of Control

2.4  The Impact of Codes and Standards

2.4.1   New National Electrical Manufacturers Association Receptacle Standard

2.4.2   IES Standard RP-8-00

2.5  Barriers and Challenges

2.5.1   Ownership and Tariffs

2.5.2   Privacy Concerns

2.5.3   Lack of Understanding and Awareness

2.5.4   Liability

2.6  Financial Considerations

2.6.1   Municipally Owned

2.6.2   Utility Owned

2.6.3   ESCO Owned

2.7  Regional Drivers and Trends

2.7.1   United States

   2.7.1.1  Lighting Regulations in the United States

2.7.2   Canada

   2.7.2.1  Lighting Regulations in Canada

2.7.3   Europe

   2.7.3.1  Lighting Regulations in Europe

   2.7.3.2  Germany

   2.7.3.3  France

   2.7.3.4  United Kingdom

2.7.4   Asia Pacific

   2.7.4.1  China

   2.7.4.2  Japan

   2.7.4.3  India

   2.7.4.4  Australia and New Zealand

2.7.5   Latin America

2.7.6   Middle East & Africa

3. Technology Issues

3.1  Lamp Types

3.1.1   Incandescent

3.1.2   Fluorescent

3.1.3   LPS

3.1.4   Mercury Vapor

3.1.5   HPS

3.1.6   Metal Halide

3.1.7   Induction

3.1.8   LED

3.2  White Light Benefits and Challenges

3.3  Lumen Depreciation

3.4  Local Control Technologies

3.4.1   Astronomical Timer

3.4.2   Ambient Light Sensing

3.4.3   Motion Monitoring

3.5  Network Technologies

3.5.1   PLC

3.5.2   RF Controls

3.6  Control Opportunities with Networked Systems

3.6.1   Performance Monitoring

3.6.2   Traffic Conditions

3.6.3   Weather Conditions

3.6.4   Emergency Response

3.6.5   Smart Grid Synergies

3.7  Technology Trends

3.7.1   Solar Lighting

3.7.2   Directionality

3.8  Smart Street Lighting Business Case

4. Key Industry Players   

4.1  Lamp and LED Vendors

4.1.1   Bridgelux

4.1.2   Cree

4.1.3   GE Lighting

4.1.4   OSRAM

4.1.5   Philips

4.2  Luminaire Vendors

4.2.1   Acuity Brands

4.2.2   Eaton Corp. Electrical Group/Cooper Lighting

4.2.3   Hubbell Lighting

4.2.4   Panasonic

4.2.5   Sol

4.2.6   Thorn Lighting/Zumtobel Group

4.3  Controls Vendors

4.3.1   Echelon

4.3.2   Flashnet

4.3.3   Illuminating Concepts

4.3.4   ITOCHU

4.3.5   Schneider Electric

4.3.6   SELC

4.3.7   Sensus

4.3.8   Streetlight.Vision/Silver Spring Networks

4.3.9   Tvilight

4.4  Industry Associations

4.5  Government Regulators and Programs

5. Market Overview  

5.1  Forecast Overview

5.2  Forecast Methodology

5.3  Installed Base

5.4  Unit Shipment Forecasts by Lamp Type, Application, and Region

5.4.1   Luminaire Unit Shipments

5.4.2   Lamp Unit Shipments

5.4.3   Control Node Unit Shipments

5.4.4   Control System Unit Shipments

5.5  Revenue Forecasts by Region and Lamp and Equipment Type

5.5.1   North America

5.5.2   Europe

5.5.3   Asia Pacific

5.5.4   Latin America

5.5.5   Middle East & Africa

5.6  LED Lamp and Luminaire Revenue by Region

5.7  Luminaire Revenue by Construction Type and Region

5.8  Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Street Lighting Revenue by Lamp and Equipment Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Installed Base by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Unit Shipments by Lamp Type and Application, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Unit Shipments by Lamp Type and Application, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Control Node Unit Shipments by Lamp Type and Application, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Control System Unit Shipments by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Street Lighting Revenue by Lamp and Equipment Type, North America: 2014-2023
  • Street Lighting Revenue by Lamp and Equipment Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Street Lighting Revenue by Lamp and Equipment Type, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • Street Lighting Revenue by Lamp and Equipment Type, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • Street Lighting Revenue by Lamp and Equipment Type, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
  • LED Lamp and Luminaire Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Revenue by Construction Type and Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Concept for Street Light Based on Smart City Applications
  • Suitability of Lamp Technology by Street Lighting Category
  • LED Costs by Component: 2011-2020
  • Options for Street Light Trespass
  • Thorn Jet-1 Luminaire with Old NEMA Socket on Top
  • Using Adaptive Lighting Controls While Staying within RP-8-00 Minimums
  • LPS Lamp
  • Mercury Vapor Light
  • HPS Light
  • LED Street Light
  • Average Illuminance and Detection Distances
  • Echelon Map for PLC with Street Lights
  • Example of an RF Mesh Network
  • Example of an RF Point-to-Multipoint Network
  • Potential Savings from Various Smart Street Lighting Setups

List of Tables

  • Lamp Technology Summary
  • Luminaire Installed Base by Lamp Type and Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Installed Base by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Installed Base by Lamp Type and Application, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Unit Shipments by Lamp Type and Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Unit Shipments by Lamp Type and Application, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Unit Shipments by Lamp Type and Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lamp Unit Shipments by Lamp Type and Application, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Control Node Unit Shipments by Lamp Type and Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Control Node Unit Shipments by Lamp Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Control Node Unit Shipments by Lamp Type and Application, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Control System Unit Shipments by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Street Lighting Revenue by Lamp and Equipment Type, North America: 2014-2023
  • Street Lighting Revenue by Lamp and Equipment Type, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Street Lighting Revenue by Lamp and Equipment Type, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • Street Lighting Revenue by Lamp and Equipment Type, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • Street Lighting Revenue by Lamp and Equipment Type, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
  • Street Lighting Revenue by Lamp and Equipment Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • LED Lamp and Luminaire Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Luminaire Revenue by Construction Type and Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Industry Associations
  • Government Regulators and Programs
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Smart Waste http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/smart-waste http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/smart-waste#comments Wed, 25 Jun 2014 23:06:52 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=66284 Smart BuildingsSmart Cities
While one of the key measures of a society’s advance is the degree to which it can distance itself from its trash, waste is increasingly viewed as a strategic resource. In developed economies, tightening regulations around the disposal of waste and the increasing cost of landfilling are driving demand for innovative solutions across the municipal [...]]]>
Smart BuildingsSmart Cities

While one of the key measures of a society’s advance is the degree to which it can distance itself from its trash, waste is increasingly viewed as a strategic resource. In developed economies, tightening regulations around the disposal of waste and the increasing cost of landfilling are driving demand for innovative solutions across the municipal solid waste (MSW) value chain. In developing economies, the focus is on building out basic infrastructure in the face of rapid urbanization and rising levels of affluence. In all cases, emerging smart technologies offer the opportunity to enhance MSW collection, generate renewable energy, and optimize the environmental performance of landfills.

The emerging smart waste market is expected to grow rapidly over the next decade. Although Europe and North America are the most mature markets today, Asia Pacific is expected to see its share of MSW managed by smart technologies more than double between 2014 and 2023. Smart energy recovery, which includes facilities like incineration plants, landfill gas capture projects, and advanced biorefineries, is the most mature smart waste segment. Yet, high capital costs and the localized focus of waste management services remain key impediments to greater smart technology diffusion in the waste sector. Navigant Research forecasts that annual smart MSW technology revenue will grow from $2.3 billion in 2014 to $6.5 billion in 2023.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the global market for smart MSW technologies, with a focus on four segments: smart collection, smart processing, smart energy recovery, and smart disposal. Global market forecasts for the volume of MSW generated and managed globally and the revenue generated from the deployment of smart waste technologies, segmented by geography and smart waste segment, extend through 2023. This report also examines key stakeholder initiatives, regulatory issues, market drivers, challenges, and technology developments and profiles the major stakeholders across the MSW value chain.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • What is the current addressable market for smart waste technologies?
  • Which regions show the greatest opportunity for smart municipal solid waste (MSW) technology investment?
  • What are the regulatory, technological, and economic market drivers for smart waste technologies?
  • How are advanced technologies disrupting the traditional MSW value chain?
  • Why is energy recovery so far ahead of other smart MSW technologies segments with respect to revenue?
  • Who are the key stakeholders in the emerging smart MSW value chain?
  • What are the emerging opportunities for MSW as a strategic resource?
Who needs this report?
  • Waste management companies
  • Municipal waste utilities
  • Software/IT companies
  • Energy recovery companies
  • Advanced biofuels producers
  • Industry associations
  • Government agencies and policymakers
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  The Evolving MSW Management Market

1.2  The Smart MSW Technology Opportunity

1.3  Smart MSW Technology Market Trends

1.4  Market Forecasts

2. Market Issues

2.1  The MSW Opportunity

2.1.1   Understanding Waste Streams

2.1.2   Global MSW Generation

2.1.3   Regional MSW Composition

2.1.4   MSW, Urbanization, and Rising Levels of Affluence

   2.1.4.1  Urbanization and Waste Generation

   2.1.4.2  The Rise of the Global Middle Class

   2.1.4.3  Megacities: A Super-Sized Challenge

2.2  Defining the Smart MSW Management Value Chain

2.2.1   Low-Income Country Value Chain

2.2.2   Low- and Upper-Middle-Income Country Value Chain

2.2.3   High-Income Country Value Chain

2.3  Market Drivers

2.3.1   Public Health and Environmental Security

2.3.2   Urbanization and Sprawl

2.3.3   MSW as a Strategic Resource

   2.3.3.1  A Negative Cost Feedstock

   2.3.3.2  The Rise of Landfill Mining

2.4  Market Challenges

2.4.1   Waste Composition

2.4.2   Out-of-Sight, Out-of-Mind

2.4.3   Not in My Backyard

2.4.4   Cost

2.4.5   Policy Uncertainty

   2.4.5.1  Climate Change and GHG Regulation

   2.4.5.2  Evolving Waste Management Policies

2.4.6   Shale Gas

2.5  An Emerging Policy Framework

2.5.1   The Waste Management Hierarchy

2.5.2   Zero Waste Initiatives

2.5.3   Incentives

   2.5.3.1  Landfill Taxes

   2.5.3.2  Pay-as-You-Throw

2.5.4   Energy Recovery

   2.5.4.1  Renewable Power and Thermal Targets

   2.5.4.2  Next-Generation Fuels

3. Technology Issues

3.1  MSW Innovations

3.2  Smart Collection

3.2.1   RFID Technology

   3.2.1.1  RFID and PAYT Programs

   3.2.1.2  Internet of Garbage Cans

   3.2.1.3  RFID and Waste Sorting

3.2.2   GPS Routing Systems and Data Analytics

3.2.3   Vacuum (Pneumatic) Systems

3.2.4   Fuel Switching

3.3  Smart Processing

3.3.1   Advanced MRFs

3.3.2   Mechanical Biological Treatment

3.3.3   RDF Facilities

3.4  Smart Energy Recovery

3.4.1   WTE

   3.4.1.1  Incineration

      3.4.1.1.1.    Incineration Variants

      3.4.1.1.2.    Advanced Thermal Recycling

   3.4.1.2  Biological Treatment

      3.4.1.2.1.    Direct Use

      3.4.1.2.2.    Electricity Generation

      3.4.1.2.3.    Vehicular Use

   3.4.1.3  Advanced Thermal Treatment

      3.4.1.3.1.    Gasification

      3.4.1.3.2.    Pyrolysis

      3.4.1.3.3.    Plasma Arc Gasification

3.4.2   W2F

3.5  Smart Disposal

3.5.1   Sanitary Landfills

3.5.2   Bioreactor Landfills

3.5.3   Landfill and Solar Integration

4. Key Industry Players

4.1  Integrated Waste Management Players

4.1.1   Beijing Capital Group Company

4.1.2   Republic Services

4.1.3   Suez Environnement

4.1.4   Veolia Environmental Services

4.1.5   Waste Management

4.1.6   Other Integrated Waste Management Players

4.2  Specialized Waste Management Technology and Solutions Players

4.2.1   Covanta Holding Corp.

4.2.2   Enerkem

4.2.3   Envac Group

4.2.4   Fiberight

4.2.5   Harvest Power

4.2.6   Inashco

4.2.7   Leidos

4.2.8   MBA Polymers

4.2.9   Rockwell Automation

4.2.10    Ros Roca Environment

4.2.11    Sims Metal Management

4.2.12   Solena Fuels

4.2.13    Wheelabrator Technologies

4.2.14    Other Technology and Solutions Players

5. Market Forecasts

5.1  Smart MSW Technology Market Overview

5.2  Forecast Assumptions

5.3  Smart MSW Technology Forecasts by Segment

5.3.1   Smart Collection

5.3.2   Smart Processing

5.3.3   Smart Energy Recovery

5.3.4   Smart Disposal

5.4  Smart MSW Technology Forecasts by Region

5.4.1   North America

5.4.2   Western Europe

5.4.3   Asia Pacific

5.5     Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Cumulative Smart MSW Technology Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • MSW Generation Volume Share by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • MSW Composition by Country, Select Markets: 2012
  • Waste Generation per Capita to Gross National Income Ratio, World Markets: 2014
  • Typical MSW Disposal Methods by Country Type, Representative Markets: 2012
  • Volume of Biofuels Supply Targets by Key Market, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • WTE Incineration Plant Market Share by Region, World Markets: 2013
  • RNG Production by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual MSW under Smart Management by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual MSW Management Revenue by Technology Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Smart MSW Technology Revenue by Segment, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Smart Collection Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Smart Processing Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Smart Energy Recovery Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Smart Disposal Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Smart MSW Technology Revenue by Segment, North America: 2014-2023
  • Annual Smart MSW Technology Revenue by Segment, Western Europe: 2014-2023
  • Annual Smart MSW Technology Revenue by Segment, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • Percentage of Population at Mid-Year Residing in Urban Areas by Region: 1950-2030
  • Map of World’s Megacities: 2006
  • MSW Management Value Chain
  • Artist’s Rendering of Amagerforbraending Facility
  • Waste Management Hierarchy
  • Smart MSW Technology Landscape
  • WTE Incineration Diagram

List of Tables

  • Estimated Solid Waste Management Costs by Disposal Method, World Markets: 2012
  • Waste Power and Thermal Policy Targets by Country, World Markets: 2014
  • Annual MSW Generation and Management by Segment and Region (Tons), World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual MSW Generation and Management by Segment and Region (Tonnes), World Markets: 2014-2023
  • MSW Composition by Country, Select Markets: 2012
  • Waste Generation Indicators by Country, Select Markets: 2013
  • Typical MSW Disposal Methods by Country Type, Representative Markets: 2012
  • Volume of Biofuels Supply Targets by Key Market, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Commercialization Status of WTE Technologies, World Markets: 2014
  • Biogas Utilization Efficiency in Conversion Technologies
  • W2F Commercial Biorefinery Projects, World Markets: 2014
  • LFG Collection Efficiencies by Landfill Type
  • WTE Incineration Plant Market Share by Region, World Markets: 2013
  • RNG Production by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • MSW Collection Rate by Region, World Markets: 2012-2023
  • MSW Managed by Region, World Markets: 2012-2023
  • MSW Not Managed by Region, World Markets: 2012-2023
  • Annual Smart MSW Technology Revenue by Segment and Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Smart Waste Management as a Share of Total MSW Generation by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual MSW under Smart Management by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Cumulative Smart MSW Technology Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total MSW Management Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual MSW Management Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual MSW Management Revenue by Technology Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Other Integrated Waste Management Companies
  • Other Integrated Waste Management Players
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