Smart Cities

Smart Technologies and Infrastructure for Energy, Water, Transportation, Buildings, and Government: Business Drivers, City and Supplier Profiles,
Market Analysis, and Forecasts

City leaders all over the world have embraced the smart city concept with enthusiasm. They are heralding innovative projects and laying out a vision for how cities can use technology to meet sustainability goals, boost local economies, and improve services. This commitment to changing how cities operate is driving the continued interest in smart cities. Moreover, the smart city concept is evolving as more cities set out their own agenda and a growing range of suppliers deliver solutions to meet their emerging needs.

Smart city technologies are being developed to address a range of issues, including energy management, water management, urban mobility, street lighting, and public safety, for example. These innovations are underpinned by general developments in areas such as wireless communications, sensor networks, data analytics, and cloud computing. The smart city concept is also driving new integrated approaches to city operations. Navigant Research forecasts that global smart city technology revenue will grow from $8.8 billion annually in 2014 to $27.5 billion in 2023.

This Navigant Research report examines the evolution of the global smart city market, detailing the impacts on key technology markets, including smart grids, water management, transportation, building energy efficiency, and government services. The study compares different approaches to the smart city and provides comprehensive profiles of noteworthy smart city projects in each major world region. Global forecasts of the size and growth of the market for smart city technologies, segmented by smart city industry sector and region, extend through 2023. The report also examines the significant market drivers and challenges related to smart cities, as well as the competitive landscape.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • What defines the smart city?
  • What are the key policy, technology, and economic issues that are influencing the development of smart cities?
  • Which smart technologies are having the biggest impact on smart cities?
  • How are smart cities shaping technology developments?
  • How do smart city concepts and projects differ around the world?
  • What financing models are being used in smart city development?
  • Who are the key players in the smart city market and how do they relate to each other?
  • How large is the global smart city technology market and how will growth vary by industry sector and region?
Who needs this report?
  • IT, networking, and telecommunications vendors
  • Smart grid hardware and software vendors
  • Building equipment and appliance vendors
  • Smart transportation providers
  • Energy management hardware and software vendors
  • Utilities
  • Government agencies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  The Evolution of the Smart City

1.2  Defining the Smart City

1.3  Market Drivers

1.4  The Role of Smart City Technologies

1.5  Emerging Themes

1.6  Market Opportunity

2. Market Issues

2.1  The Evolution of the Smart City Market

2.1.1   The Smart City: A Definition

2.2  Market Drivers

2.2.1   Urbanization

2.2.2   Sustainability

2.2.3   Economic Development

2.2.4   Improving Services and Quality of Life

2.3  The Building Blocks of a Smart City

2.3.1   Smart Energy and Smart Grids: Powering the Smart City

2.3.2   Smart Water: Solving a Global Issue

2.3.3   Smart Transportation: Rethinking Urban Mobility

2.3.4   Smart Buildings: Linking Buildings and Cities

2.3.5   Smart Government: Improving City Services

2.4  Emerging Themes

2.4.1   Focusing on the Role of the Citizen

2.4.2   Resilience

2.4.3   Big Data and the Smart City

2.5  Market Challenges

2.5.1   Finance

2.5.1.1  Developing a Holistic View of the City

2.5.1.2  Multiple Stakeholders

2.5.2   Citizen Engagement and Resistance

2.5.3   Privacy and Security

2.6  Market Dynamics: Leaders, Challengers, and New Entrants

3. Technology Issues

3.1  The Smart City Model

3.2  The Connected City

3.2.1   The SCOS and the IoT

3.2.2   The Communications Infrastructure of the Connected City

3.2.3   Developing a Robust and Scalable Architecture

3.2.4   The Evolution of Smart City Communications

3.3  The Benefits and Challenges of Big Data

3.3.1   The Impact of Big Data

3.3.2   The Importance of Open Data

3.3.3   The Challenges of Big Data

3.3.3.1  Data Integration

3.3.3.2  Balancing Top-Down and Bottom-Up Approaches

3.3.3.3  Lack of Data Skills

3.4  Visualizing the City

3.5  Smart City Standards

3.5.1   The Push for Standards

3.5.2   City Protocol

3.5.3   International Organization for Standardization

3.5.4   European Standards Organizations

3.5.5   United Kingdom: Smart City Framework

3.5.6   Smart Cities Council

4. Regional Trends and Case Studies

4.1  Introduction

4.2  North America

4.2.1   Urbanization Trends

4.2.1.1  United States

4.2.1.2  Canada

4.2.2   Setting an Agenda for Sustainability and Climate Change Action

4.2.3   Smart Grids and Smart Cities

4.2.4   Upgrading the Water Infrastructure

4.2.5   The New Mobility Agenda

4.2.6   New Approaches to Building Design and Management

4.2.7   Renewing City Government

4.2.8   Case Study: San Francisco, California

4.3  Europe

4.3.1   Urbanization Trends

4.3.2   Smart Cities and Europe’s Climate, Energy, and Economic Objectives

4.3.3   Building on Europe’s Cleantech Investments

4.3.4   Europe’s Digital Agenda

4.3.5   Smart Cities and Communities European Innovation Partnership

4.3.6   Other European-Wide Initiatives

4.3.7   National Smart City Trends

4.3.7.1  France

4.3.7.2  Germany

4.3.7.3  Spain

4.3.7.4  United Kingdom

4.3.7.5  Other European Countries

4.3.8   Case Study: Amsterdam, the Netherlands

4.3.9   Case Study: Barcelona, Spain

4.3.10 Case Study: Glasgow, United Kingdom

4.4  Asia Pacific

4.4.1   Urbanization Trends

4.4.2   China

4.4.3   Taiwan

4.4.4   India

4.4.5   Japan

4.4.6   Singapore

4.4.7   South Korea

4.4.8   Case Study: Ningbo, China

4.4.9   Case Study: Yokohama, Japan

4.4.10 Case Study: Christchurch, New Zealand

4.4.11  Case Study: Songdo, South Korea

4.5  Latin America

4.5.1   Urbanization Trends

4.5.2   Smart City Drivers and Case Studies

4.5.3   Case Study: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

4.6  Middle East

4.6.1   Urbanization Trends

4.6.2   Smart City Drivers and Case Studies

4.7  Africa

4.7.1   Urbanization Trends

4.7.2   Smart City Drivers and Case Studies

5. Key Industry Players

5.1  Introduction

5.2  Global Smart City Providers

5.2.1   Accenture

5.2.2   Cisco Systems

5.2.3   Hitachi

5.2.4   IBM

5.2.5   Microsoft

5.2.6   SAP

5.2.7   Schneider Electric

5.2.8   Siemens

5.2.9   Toshiba

5.3  Other Players

5.3.1   ABB Tropos

5.3.2   AGT International

5.3.3   Atos

5.3.4   Autodesk

5.3.5   Capgemini

5.3.6   Cityzenith

5.3.7   Esri

5.3.8   Firetide

5.3.9   Honeywell International

5.3.10  Huawei

5.3.11  Itron

5.3.12  KT Corp.

5.3.13  Libelium

5.3.14 Living PlanIT

5.3.15 Oracle

5.3.16 Orange Group

5.3.17 OSIsoft

5.3.18 Silver Spring Networks

5.3.19 Urbiotica

5.3.20 Verizon Communications

5.3.21 Worldsensing

6. Market Forecasts   

6.1  Forecast Methodology

6.2  Smart City Market Growth

6.3  Industry Forecasts

6.3.1   Smart Energy

6.3.2   Smart Water

6.3.3   Smart Transportation

6.3.4   Smart Buildings

6.3.5   Smart Government

6.4  Regional Forecasts

6.4.1   North America

6.4.2   Europe

6.4.3   Asia Pacific

6.4.4   Latin America

6.4.5   Middle East & Africa

6.5  Conclusions and Recommendations

7. Company Directory
8. Acronym and Abbreviation List
9. Table of Contents
10. Table of Charts and Figures
11. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Smart City Technology Annual Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Fastest-Growing Megacities by Annual Growth Rate, World Markets: 2010-2025
  • Distribution of Government Expenditures by Level of Government, Select OECD Countries: 2009
  • Smart City Technology Annual Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Smart City Technology Cumulative Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Smart City Technology Annual Revenue by Industry, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Smart City Technology Annual Revenue by Industry, North America: 2014-2023
  • Smart City Technology Annual Revenue by Industry, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Smart City Technology Annual Revenue by Industry, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • Smart City Technology Annual Revenue by Industry, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • Smart City Technology Annual Revenue by Industry, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
  • Navigant Research Smart City Model
  • Number of Cities Greater Than 50,000 Inhabitants by Country, European Union

List of Tables

  • Fastest-Growing Megacities by Annual Growth Rate, World Markets: 2010-2025
  • Distribution of Government Expenditures by Level of Government, Select OECD Countries: 2009
  • Smart City Applications and Technologies
  • Largest Cities* by Population and Growth Rate, United States: 2010 and 2025
  • Example City Sustainability Programs, United States
  • Example Smart Grid Smart City Projects, Europe
  • Largest Cities by Population and Growth Rate, Latin America: 2010 and 2025
  • Largest Cities by Population and Growth Rate, Middle East: 2010 and 2025
  • Largest Cities by Population and Growth Rate, Africa: 2010 and 2025
  • Smart City Technology Annual Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Smart City Technology Cumulative Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Smart City Technology Annual Revenue by Industry, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Smart City Technology Cumulative Revenue by Industry, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Smart City Smart Energy Technology Annual Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Smart City Smart Water Technology Annual Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Smart City Smart Transportation Technology Annual Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Smart City Smart Buildings Technology Annual Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Smart City Smart Government Technology Annual Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Smart City Technology Annual Revenue by Industry and Country, North America: 2014-2023
  • Smart City Technology Annual Revenue by Industry and Country, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Smart City Technology Annual Revenue by Industry and Country, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • Smart City Technology Annual Revenue by Industry and Country, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • Smart City Technology Annual Revenue by Industry, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
  • Accenture SWOT Analysis
  • Cisco SWOT Analysis
  • Hitachi SWOT Analysis
  • IBM SWOT Analysis
  • Microsoft SWOT Analysis
  • SAP SWOT Analysis
  • Schneider Electric SWOT Analysis
  • Siemens SWOT Analysis
  • Toshiba SWOT Analysis

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