Smart Cities and Energy Storage

Urban energy use is being considered as an element of the smart city concept known as smart energy. Smart energy technologies are increasingly expected to help address the sustainability needs of smart cities to reduce carbon-intensive peak energy use and develop resilient energy systems. Navigant Research anticipates that the emergence of energy storage solutions in conjunction with the deployment of distributed energy resources (DER) will improve the delivery of smart energy solutions in smart city applications for both routine and non-routine applications.

Smart energy solutions such as the increased deployment of DER, including energy efficiency and energy storage—a key DER technology—have seen significant growth. The growth in energy storage over the past 2 years is due in part to its unique ability to support the deployment of flexible energy capacity, especially in conjunction with resilience needs and the deployment of low carbon DER. The emergence of energy storage’s ability to make DER more flexible, less carbon-intensive, and more resilient is redefining how smart energy solutions can support the sustainability needs of an integrated smart city technology and solutions platform.

This Navigant Research report examines the role energy storage can play in smart cities and how smart cities can drive the deployment of energy storage. The study provides an overview of energy storage applications within smart cities, including drivers and barriers for energy storage, and discusses how energy storage works within an integrated energy as a service framework. It also analyzes the role of energy storage in the delivery of low carbon peak energy and improving resilience.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • How does energy storage fit within a smart cities platform?
  • How does energy storage support the needs of smart cities?
  • What are the market drivers and barriers for the deployment of energy storage in smart cities?
  • How does energy storage support the deployment of distributed energy resources (DER)?
  • How can energy storage lower the carbon intensity of peak energy use?
  • How can energy storage improve the resilience capabilities of smart cities?
Who needs this report?
  • Smart city planners, project developers, and financiers
  • Energy storage project developers, systems integrators, and financiers
  • Smart city technology providers
  • Distributed energy resources (DER) platform software companies
  • DER project developers, systems integrators, and financiers
  • DER technology manufacturers
  • Municipal, federal, state, and local policymakers
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

2. Market Update

2.1   Smart Cities and Energy Storage

2.1.1   Smart Energy within the Smart Cities Model

2.1.2   Overview of Energy Storage Markets

2.1.3   Drivers for the Deployment of Energy Storage

2.1.4   Barriers to the Deployment of Energy Storage

2.1.5   Delivering Grid Benefits from Behind the Customer Meter

2.1.6   Energy Storage Applications within Smart Cities

2.1.7   Energy Storage’s Role within an Integrated Energy as a Service Framework

2.2   Energy Storage’s Role in the Delivery of Low Carbon Peak Energy

2.2.1   Increase Smart Cities Stakeholder Awareness

2.2.2   Foster Regulatory Innovation

2.2.3   Leverage Energy Storage Software Platform Capabilities

2.2.4   Powertree Services: A Low Carbon DER Case Study

2.2.5   Nordhavn, Copenhagen Harbour District: A Low Carbon DER Case Study

2.3   Energy Storage’s Role in Improving Resilience

2.3.1   Emergence of DESSs for Uninterruptible Power Supply System Capabilities

2.3.2   Increase Awareness of New DESS Solutions for Severe Weather Outages

2.3.3   Improve Resilience Value

2.3.4   Poor Understanding of DESS Resilience Capabilities

2.3.5   San Francisco Resilience Planning: Low Carbon DER Resilience Case Study

2.3.6   Marcus Garvey Apartments: Low Carbon DER Resilience Case Study

3. Conclusions and Recommendations 

List of Charts, Tables, and Figures

  • Annual Smart Energy Services Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2017-2026
  • Navigant Research Smart Cities Model
  • Stationary Energy Storage Grid Services
  • Energy Management Needs of Smart City Municipalities and C&I Customers
  • EaaS Solution Overview
  • DESS Integrated Storage Software Platform Requirements
  • Market Drivers and Services Provided by DESSs and UESSs

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