Navigant Research » Smart Energy http://www.navigantresearch.com Thu, 18 Sep 2014 06:02:51 +0000 en-US hourly 1 http://wordpress.org/?v=3.8.1 Microgrid Enabling Technologies http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/microgrid-enabling-technologies http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/microgrid-enabling-technologies#comments Tue, 16 Sep 2014 02:46:32 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=69063 Smart Energy
The microgrid market has changed significantly since 2012. For example, a much greater emphasis is now being placed on the economic value microgrids bring to the entire utility-led macrogrid. Furthermore, the value proposition for advanced energy storage has been greatly advanced by governments and regulators in key microgrid markets. Perhaps the most noteworthy change, though, [...]]]>
Smart Energy

The microgrid market has changed significantly since 2012. For example, a much greater emphasis is now being placed on the economic value microgrids bring to the entire utility-led macrogrid. Furthermore, the value proposition for advanced energy storage has been greatly advanced by governments and regulators in key microgrid markets. Perhaps the most noteworthy change, though, is the investigation of new business models designed to support full commercial implementation of microgrid systems.

This report profiles a variety of microgrid enabling technology (MET) options, many of which play significant roles as the purpose and design of microgrids expand to encompass technologies and services related to smart buildings, demand response, distribution and substation automation, and smart meters. The leading market opportunity within the realm of microgrids is with different forms of distributed generation (DG), including diesel generators, natural gas generators, and other forms of renewable DG. However, there is market opportunity within the microgrid space beyond DG. In fact, advanced energy storage will represent the single largest investment category among MET options by 2023, though DG investments as a whole will still be larger. According to Navigant Research, global annual DG vendor revenue is expected to grow from $1.8 billion in 2014 to $9.6 billion in 2023.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the global market for significant METs, including diesel generators, natural gas generators, fuel cells, solar PV, distributed wind, other renewables (micro-hydro and biomass), combined heat and power (CHP), smart islanding inverters, advanced energy storage, plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) energy storage capacity, and microgrid software. The study provides an analysis of the market issues, including technology drivers and implementation challenges, associated with microgrid technologies. Global market forecasts for capacity and revenue, segmented by technology and region, extend through 2023. The report also examines the basic principles and commercial time horizons for key METs, as well as the competitive landscape.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • Which technologies represent the best near- and long-term investment opportunities within the microgrid space?
  • How do distributed generation (DG) options stack up in terms of microgrid market share globally?
  • Which standards are shaping markets for different classes of key microgrid components?
  • Who are the leading players when it comes to providing integration and optimization technologies for microgrids?
  • How do key large technology players differentiate themselves in this market?
  • Why will software spending on microgrids double on a percentage basis over the next decade?
Who needs this report?
  • Distributed generation (DG) technology suppliers
  • Battery storage innovators and integrators
  • Inverter manufacturers
  • Microgrid developers
  • Smart building managers
  • Utilities
  • Regulators
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Introduction

1.2  Market Forecasts

2. Market Issues  

2.1  What Is a Microgrid?

2.1.1   Emerging Value Proposition Underpinning Microgrids

2.1.2   Key Applications

2.2  Current Microgrid Technology Drivers

2.2.1   Rising Cost of Diesel Fuel

2.2.2   Natural Gas Price Dynamics

2.2.3   Distributed Renewables Integration

2.2.4   Distribution and Substation Automation Trends

2.2.5   Smart Inverter Advances

2.2.6   Smart Switches

2.2.7   Advanced Energy Storage

2.2.8   Automated DR

2.2.9   Smart Buildings

2.2.10   Rising Popularity of PEVs

   2.2.10.1  Case Study: University of California, San Diego

2.2.11   Microgrid Controllers

2.2.12   Unique DC Microgrid Considerations

2.3  Implementation Challenges: Key Component Standards

2.3.1   UL 1741 Safety Standards for Grid Devices

2.3.2   IEEE Standards for DG

2.3.3   IEEE Standards for Energy Storage

2.3.4   IEC Standards for Transmission and Distribution Systems and Interoperability

2.3.5   DC Medium-Voltage Standards

2.3.6   EV Charging Standards

   2.3.6.1  DC Fast Charging

   2.3.6.2  EPRI’s Open Grid Integration Platform

3. Technology Issues

3.1  MET Overview

3.2  Component Breakdown of Microgrids

3.3  DG

3.4  Diesel Generators

3.5  Natural Gas Generators

3.5.1  Commercial Time Horizon

3.6  Fuel Cells

3.6.1  Basic Principles

3.6.2  Commercial Time Horizon

3.7  Solar PV

3.7.1  Basic Principles

3.7.2  Commercial Time Horizon

3.8  Distributed Wind

3.8.1  Basic Principles

3.8.2  Commercial Time Horizon

3.9  Other Renewables

3.9.1  Hydroelectric

3.9.2  Biomass

3.10  CHP

3.10.1  Basic Principles

3.10.2  Commercial Time Horizon

3.11  Smart Islanding Inverters

3.11.1  Basic Principles

3.11.2  Commercial Time Horizon

3.12  Advanced Energy Storage

3.12.1  Basic Principles

3.12.2  Commercial Time Horizon

3.13  EV Charging Technologies

3.13.1  Basic Principles

3.13.2  Commercial Time Horizon

3.14  Other Potential Microgrid Enabling Hardware Devices

3.15  Software Innovation

3.15.1  Basic Principles

3.15.2  Commercial Time Horizon

4. Key Industry Players 

4.1  Company Profiles Overview

4.2  Large Master Controller and System Integrators

4.2.1   ABB

4.2.2   GE Digital Energy

4.2.3   Lockheed Martin

4.2.4   Schneider Electric

4.2.5   Siemens AG

4.3  DG Innovators

4.3.1   Bloom Energy

4.3.2   Cummins Inc.

4.3.3   Northern Power Systems

4.3.4   SunEdison

4.3.5   Tecogen

4.4  Smart Islanding Inverters

4.4.1   Princeton Power Systems

4.4.2   SMA Solar Technology AG

4.5  Energy Storage

4.5.1   ViZn Energy Systems, Inc.

4.5.2   Win Inertia

4.5.3   Younicos

4.6  Smart Buildings

4.6.1   Honeywell

4.6.2   Johnson Controls, Inc.

4.7  Smart Switches

4.7.1   S&C Electric Company

4.8  Smaller Microgrid Controls Specialists

4.8.1   Encorp

4.8.2   ETAP

4.8.3   Green Energy Corp.

4.8.4   IPERC

4.9  PEV Charging and Energy Storage Innovators

4.9.1   Boulder Electric Vehicle

4.9.2   Ford

4.9.3   Nissan

5. Market Forecasts  

5.1  MET Market Forecast Overview

5.2  DG

5.3  Overall MET Market Share Estimates

5.4  Leading DG Revenue Opportunities: Solar PV and Distributed Wind

5.5  CHP

5.6  Smart Islanding Inverters

5.7  Advanced Energy Storage

5.8  PEV Energy Storage

5.9  Microgrid Optimization Software

5.10  Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Total Annual Distributed Generation Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Microgrid Capacity by Segment, World Markets: 2Q 2014
  • Average Spot Price of Natural Gas by Select Market: 2001-2012
  • Smart Meters for DA Applications Installed Base by Region, World Markets: 2012-2020
  • Commercial Building Automation Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2012-2021
  • Distributed Solar PV System Prices (Non-Weighted Average) by Component, World Markets: 2006-2013
  • DG Capacity Market Share in Microgrids, World Markets: 2014
  • DG Capacity Market Share in Microgrids, World Markets: 2023
  • Total Annual Distributed Generation Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • MET Vendor Revenue Market Share by Technology, World Markets: 2014
  • MET Vendor Revenue Market Share by Technology, World Markets: 2023
  • Annual Solar PV Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Solar PV Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Distributed Wind Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Distributed Wind Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual CHP Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual CHP Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Smart Islanding Inverter Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Smart Islanding Inverter Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Energy Storage Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Energy Storage Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual PEV Energy Storage Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual PEV Energy Storage Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Microgrid Software Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual Microgrid Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • General Electric’s Microgrid Energy Manager
  • Solar PV vs. Diesel Fuel Prices: 2001-2013
  • Diagram of CERTS Microgrid
  • Technology Drivers for DC Applications, Including Microgrids
  • Microgrid Economic Capabilities Matrix per Internal Technology and External Markets
  • Microgrids as a Portion of U.S. CHP Market
  • Centralized vs. Distributed Controls for Microgrids
  • Merger of GE and Alstom Grid: Shared History

List of Tables

  • Operating and Cost Characteristics of Key DG Technologies for Microgrids: 2014
  • Estimated Microgrid Component Prices, Key Markets: 2013
  • Annual Diesel Generator Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Diesel Generator Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Natural Gas Generator Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Natural Gas Generator Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Fuel Cell Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Fuel Cell Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Solar PV Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Solar PV Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Distributed Wind Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Distributed Wind Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Other Renewables Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Other Renewables Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual Distributed Generation Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual Distributed Generation Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual CHP Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual CHP Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Smart Islanding Inverter Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Smart Islanding Inverter Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Energy Storage Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Energy Storage Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual PEV Energy Storage Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual PEV Energy Storage Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Microgrid Software Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual Microgrid Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lexicon of Nanogrids, Microgrids, and VPPs
  • Microgrid Technology Matrix of Today’s Mandatory Components
  • Microgrid Technology Matrix of Future Idealized Components
  • Energy Storage for Microgrid Services by Microgrid Type
  • Diesel Generators for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • Natural Gas Generators for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • Fuel Cells for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • Solar PV for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • Distributed Wind for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • Hydroelectricity for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • Biomass for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • CHP for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • Smart Islanding Inverters for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • Advanced Energy Storage for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • PEVs for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
  • Software Controls for Microgrids SWOT Analysis
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Energy Storage for the Grid and Ancillary Services http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/energy-storage-for-the-grid-and-ancillary-services http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/energy-storage-for-the-grid-and-ancillary-services#comments Tue, 16 Sep 2014 02:31:53 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=69050 Smart EnergySmart Utilities
A confluence of market drivers in several key regional markets is making energy storage viable. Intermittent renewables have begun to undermine traditional energy assets in wholesale energy markets while creating instability in both energy markets and the grid system overall. In addition, several countries, including the United States, South Korea, and Japan, are pursuing aggressive [...]]]>
Smart EnergySmart Utilities

A confluence of market drivers in several key regional markets is making energy storage viable. Intermittent renewables have begun to undermine traditional energy assets in wholesale energy markets while creating instability in both energy markets and the grid system overall. In addition, several countries, including the United States, South Korea, and Japan, are pursuing aggressive market reforms and policies that are sending positive market signals for utility-scale energy storage.

Market challenges remain, however, as advances in cost reductions, supply chain development, and integration expertise are still underdeveloped across nearly every storage technology. The current market winners are vendors that have shifted away from being pure-play technology firms and developed systems integration expertise to complement their technology. Meanwhile, lithium ion (Li-ion) has established a clear lead in the market as the technology of choice in not only short-duration applications, but also bulk storage. According to Navigant Research, global installed energy storage for the grid and ancillary services (ESGAS) power capacity is expected to grow from 538.4 MW in 2014 to 20.8 GW in 2024.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the global market for ESGAS. Specifically, the applications analyzed in this study include arbitrage, electric supply reserve capacity, frequency regulation, grid asset optimization, load following, spinning reserve, transmission and distribution (T&D) upgrade deferral, utility-scale solar integration, utility-scale wind integration, and voltage support. Global market forecasts for power capacity, energy capacity, and revenue, segmented by region, technology, and application, extend through 2024. The report also examines the key technologies related to ESGAS, as well as the competitive landscape.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • How large is the global market for energy storage for the grid and ancillary services (ESGAS)?
  • Which technologies in bulk and short-duration energy storage will lead the market?
  • How quickly will the global market for bulk and short-duration energy storage grow and why?
  • What countries and global regions will lead the market for grid-scale energy storage?
  • Which markets should each ESGAS technology target and why?
Who needs this report?
  • Engineering, procurement, and construction (EPC) firms
  • Energy storage technology firms
  • Solar financing companies
  • Smart grid controls and software companies
  • Inverter companies
  • Utilities
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Scope

1.2  Market Developments

2. Market Issues

2.1  End-Use Markets for Energy Storage

2.2  Historical Data

2.2.1   Deployments by Technology

2.2.2   Market Share by Deployed Capacity

2.3  Regional Analysis

2.3.1   North America

   2.3.1.1  AB 2514 Procurement Plans for 2014

   2.3.1.2  Ontario

2.3.2   Europe

   2.3.2.1  Pan-European Developments

   2.3.2.2  Italy

2.3.3   Asia Pacific

   2.3.3.1  Japan

   2.3.3.2  South Korea

3. Technology Issues

3.1  Overview

3.2  Advanced Flow Batteries

3.2.1   ZBR

3.2.2   VR

3.2.3   Iron Chromium

3.3  Advanced Lead-Acid Batteries

3.4  Advanced Li-ion Batteries

3.5  CAES

3.6  Flywheels

3.7  NaS Batteries

3.8  Power-to-Gas

3.9  Pumped Storage

3.10  Sodium Metal Halide Batteries

4. Key Industry Players

4.1  Flow Battery Vendors

4.1.1   EnerVault

4.1.2   Redflow

4.2  CAES Vendors

4.2.1   Hydrostor

4.2.2   SustainX

4.3  Flywheel Vendors

4.3.1   Beacon Power

4.3.2   Temporal Power

4.4  Li-Ion Vendors

4.4.1   LG Chem

4.4.2   Panasonic

4.4.3   Samsung SDI

4.4.4   Sony

4.4.5   Toshiba

4.5  Sodium Metal Halide Vendors

4.5.1   FIAMM SoNick

4.5.2   GE

4.6  Software and Integration

4.6.1   ABB

4.6.2   S&C Electric Company

4.6.3   Other Key Players

5. Market Forecasts

5.1  Introduction

5.2  Methodology

5.2.1   ESGAS Baseline Figures

5.2.2   ESGAS CAPEX

5.3  ESGAS Power Capacity Forecast

5.4  ESGAS Energy Capacity Forecast

5.5  ESGAS Revenue Forecast

5.6  Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • ESGAS Power Capacity by Technology, World Markets: 2007-2013
  • ESGAS Power Capacity Market Share by Top 10 Technology Vendors, World Markets: 2007-2014
  • ESGAS Power Capacity Commissioned by Region, World Markets: 2007-2014
  • ESGAS Market Segment Growth Profiles by Growth Type, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Power Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Power Capacity by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Energy Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Power Capacity by Application, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Energy Capacity by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Energy Capacity by Application, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024

List of Tables

  • ESGAS Policy Drivers, North America: 2014
  • ESGAS Applications, Technologies, and Typical Customers
  • ESGAS Power Capacity by Technology and Year Commissioned, World Markets: 2007-2014
  • ESGAS Power Capacity by Region and Year Commissioned, World Markets: 2007-2014
  • ESGAS Power Capacity Market Share by Top 10 Technology Vendors, World Markets: 2007-2014
  • ESGAS Market Segment Growth Profiles by Growth Type, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • ESGAS Baseline Power Capacity by Region and Metric: 2014 and 2024
  • ESGAS CAPEX Assumptions by Technology and Application, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Power Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Power Capacity by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Power Capacity by Application, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Energy Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Energy Capacity by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Energy Capacity by Application, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Revenue by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed ESGAS Revenue by Application, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Power Capacity by Technology and Application, North America: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Power Capacity by Technology and Application, Western Europe: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Power Capacity by Technology and Application, Eastern Europe: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Power Capacity by Technology and Application, Middle East: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Power Capacity by Technology and Application, Africa: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Energy Capacity by Technology and Application, North America: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Energy Capacity by Technology and Application, Western Europe: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Energy Capacity by Technology and Application, Eastern Europe: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Energy Capacity by Technology and Application, Asia Pacific: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Energy Capacity by Technology and Application, Latin America: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Energy Capacity by Technology and Application, Middle East: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Energy Capacity by Technology and Application, Africa: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Revenue by Technology and Application, North America: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Revenue by Technology and Application, Western Europe: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Revenue by Technology and Application, Eastern Europe: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Revenue by Technology and Application, Asia Pacific: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Revenue by Technology and Application, Latin America: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Revenue by Technology and Application, Middle East: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Revenue by Technology and Application, Africa: 2014-2024
  • Operating Characteristics of Leading Advanced Battery Technologies
  • Characteristics of Li-ion Battery Chemistries
  • LFP Summary
  • LMO Summary
  • LTO Summary
  • LCO Summary
  • NCA Summary
  • NMC Summary
  • NaS Summary
  • Other Key Players
  • Sodium Metal Halide Summary
  • Applications and Corresponding Baseline Figure
  • ESGAS Baseline Power Capacity by Region and Metric: 2014 and 2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Power Capacity by Technology and Application, Asia Pacific: 2014-2024
  • New Installed ESGAS Power Capacity by Technology and Application, Latin America: 2014-2024
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Global Distributed Generation Deployment Forecast http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/global-distributed-generation-deployment-forecast http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/global-distributed-generation-deployment-forecast#comments Fri, 29 Aug 2014 17:26:23 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=68691 Smart Energy
The rise of distributed generation (DG) is one of the most important trends in the energy industry today. Utility business models are threatened by the dramatic growth in the deployment of technologies that generate electricity onsite or at the distribution grid level, reducing the need to purchase electrons from centrally located utility-scale generation facilities. To date, [...]]]>
Smart Energy

The rise of distributed generation (DG) is one of the most important trends in the energy industry today. Utility business models are threatened by the dramatic growth in the deployment of technologies that generate electricity onsite or at the distribution grid level, reducing the need to purchase electrons from centrally located utility-scale generation facilities.

To date, DG has been more disruptive in Western Europe than in any other region. Utilities are losing hundreds of billions of dollars in market capitalization as DG reaches higher levels of penetration in leading countries such as Germany, the United Kingdom, and Italy. The prospect of similar losses by utilities in the United States is prompting a battle among utilities, the DG industry, and regulators seeking to strike a balance that allows for DG growth while allowing utilities to benefit. Such a balance would enable DG customers and utilities to take advantage of new revenue opportunities enabled by DG while fairly compensating utilities for the ability to use the existing electrical grid as a backup service for onsite power at higher concentrations in the future. According to Navigant Research, annual installed capacity in the global DG market is expected to grow from 87.3 GW in 2014 to 165.5 GW in 2023.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the global market for DG technologies, including solar PV (<1 MW), small wind turbines (SWTs; <500 kW), stationary fuel cells, natural gas generator sets (gensets; <6 MW), and diesel gensets (<6 MW).  Installed capacity, revenue, and pricing forecasts are included for the time period of 2014-2023 for 54 countries.  The report also includes region- and country-specific market analyses, qualitative analysis of installed capacity by customer segment and/or power class for leading markets, and an overview of modeling assumptions.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • What countries are the strongest markets for distributed generation (DG) deployment?
  • What is the DG market size by technology and country?
  • What are the key drivers and barriers to the deployment of DG in leading markets?
  • What are the costs of DG technologies now and in the future?
  • What are the most important technology, policy, and capital trends affecting DG?
  • What is the projected market size for distributed solar PV, small wind turbines (SWTs), fuel cells, natural gas generator sets (gensets), and diesel gensets by country?
  • What is the overall global outlook for DG?
Who needs this report?
  • Utilities
  • Distributed generation (DG) OEMs and suppliers
  • Solar PV companies
  • Small wind turbine (SWT) companies
  • Diesel generator set (genset) companies
  • Natural gas genset companies
  • Government agencies and regulators
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Introduction

1.2  Technology Scope

1.3  Global Forecasts

2. Data Assumptions 

2.1  Introduction

2.2  Methodology

2.2.1   Annual Installed Capacity

2.2.2   Revenue

2.3  Geographic Scope

2.4  Technology Scope

2.4.1   Solar PV Systems

2.4.2   Small Wind Systems

2.4.3   Stationary Fuel Cells

2.4.4   Gensets

2.5  Technology Pricing Assumptions

2.5.1   Solar PV Pricing Assumptions

2.5.2   Small Wind Pricing Assumptions

2.5.3   Stationary Fuel Cell Pricing Assumptions

2.5.4   Genset Pricing Assumptions

2.6  DG Market Drivers

2.6.1   Renewable Energy Targets and DG Carve-Outs

   2.6.1.1  North America

   2.6.1.2  Europe

   2.6.1.3  Asia Pacific

2.6.2   FITs and Net Metering

   2.6.2.1  North America

   2.6.2.2  Europe

   2.6.2.3  Asia Pacific

2.6.3   Increase in Catastrophic Power Outages

2.6.4   Rural Electrification

2.6.5   The Evolving Utility Business Model

3. Market Forecasts 

3.1  DG Forecasts

3.1.1   DG Forecasts by Technology

   3.1.1.1  Distributed Solar PV Forecast

   3.1.1.2  Small Wind Forecasts

   3.1.1.3  Fuel Cell Forecasts

   3.1.1.4  NG Genset Forecasts

   3.1.1.5  Diesel Genset Forecasts

3.1.2   DG Forecasts by Geography

   3.1.2.1  North America

      3.1.2.1.1.  United States

   3.1.2.2  Western Europe

      3.1.2.2.1.  France

      3.1.2.2.2.  Germany

      3.1.2.2.3.  Italy

      3.1.2.2.4.  United Kingdom

   3.1.2.3  Eastern Europe

   3.1.2.4  Asia Pacific

      3.1.2.4.1.  Australia

      3.1.2.4.2.  China

      3.1.2.4.3.  India

      3.1.2.4.4   Japan

   3.1.2.5  Latin America

   3.1.2.6  Middle East

   3.1.2.7  Africa

3.2  Conclusions

4. Acronym and Abbreviation List
5. Table of Contents
6. Table of Charts and Figures
7. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

    • Annual Distributed Generation Installed Capacity and Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
    • Annual Centralized Power Plant and Distributed Generation Capacity Additions and Revenue, World Markets: 2014-2023
    • Distributed Solar PV Installed Cost by Region, World Markets: 2009-2023
    • Small Wind System Installed Cost by System Size, United Kingdom: 2013
    • Annual GDP, New Electric Capacity Additions, and New Distributed Generation Capacity Additions, World Markets: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Installed Capacity and Revenue by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Solar PV Installed Capacity and Revenue, World Markets: 2014-2023
    • Annual Small Wind Installed Capacity and Revenue, World Markets: 2014-2023
    • Annual Stationary Fuel Cell Installed Capacity and Revenue, World Markets: 2014-2023
    • Annual Natural Gas Genset Installed Capacity and Revenue, World Markets: 2014-2023
    • Annual Diesel Genset Installed Capacity and Revenue, World Markets: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Installed Capacity and Revenue by Country, North America: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Installed Capacity and Revenue by Country, Western Europe: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Installed Capacity and Revenue by Country, Eastern Europe: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Installed Capacity and Revenue by Country, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Installed Capacity and Revenue by Country, Latin America: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Installed Capacity and Revenue by Country, Middle East: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Installed Capacity and Revenue by Country, Africa: 2014-2023
    • RPSs with Solar/DG Provisions, United States: March 2013
    • Forward Spot Price for Baseload Electricity, Europe: 2010-2013
    • California Independent System Operator Net Load: 2012-2020
    • FIT Rate Schedule, United Kingdom: 2012-2016

List of Tables

    • Annual Distributed Generation Installed Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Installed Capacity by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Installed Capacity by Technology and Country, North America: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Installed Capacity by Technology and Country, Western Europe: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Installed Capacity by Technology and Country, Eastern Europe: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Installed Capacity by Technology and Country, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Installed Capacity by Technology and Country, Latin America: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Installed Capacity by Technology and Country, Middle East: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Installed Capacity by Technology and Country, Africa: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Revenue by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Revenue by Technology and Country, North America: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Revenue by Technology and Country, Western Europe: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Revenue by Technology and Country, Eastern Europe: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Revenue by Technology and Country, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Revenue by Technology and Country, Latin America: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Revenue by Technology and Country, Middle East: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Generation Revenue by Technology and Country, Africa: 2014-2023
    • Annual Distributed Solar PV Generation Capacity by Country and Customer Segment, Europe: 2013
    • Cumulative Distributed Solar PV Generation Capacity by Country and Customer Segment, Europe: 2013
    • Distributed Solar PV Installed Cost by System Size and Region, World Markets: 2009-2023
    • Small Wind System Average Installed Cost, World Markets: 2009-2023
    • Fuel Cell Average Installed Cost, World Markets: 2009-2023
    • Natural Gas Genset Average Installed Cost, World Markets: 2009-2023
    • Diesel Genset Average Installed Cost, World Markets: 2009-2023
    • DG Technology Comparison
    • Estimated Losses per Hour of Grid Failure
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Smart Waste http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/smart-waste http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/smart-waste#comments Wed, 25 Jun 2014 23:06:52 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=66284 Smart BuildingsSmart Cities
While one of the key measures of a society’s advance is the degree to which it can distance itself from its trash, waste is increasingly viewed as a strategic resource. In developed economies, tightening regulations around the disposal of waste and the increasing cost of landfilling are driving demand for innovative solutions across the municipal [...]]]>
Smart BuildingsSmart Cities

While one of the key measures of a society’s advance is the degree to which it can distance itself from its trash, waste is increasingly viewed as a strategic resource. In developed economies, tightening regulations around the disposal of waste and the increasing cost of landfilling are driving demand for innovative solutions across the municipal solid waste (MSW) value chain. In developing economies, the focus is on building out basic infrastructure in the face of rapid urbanization and rising levels of affluence. In all cases, emerging smart technologies offer the opportunity to enhance MSW collection, generate renewable energy, and optimize the environmental performance of landfills.

The emerging smart waste market is expected to grow rapidly over the next decade. Although Europe and North America are the most mature markets today, Asia Pacific is expected to see its share of MSW managed by smart technologies more than double between 2014 and 2023. Smart energy recovery, which includes facilities like incineration plants, landfill gas capture projects, and advanced biorefineries, is the most mature smart waste segment. Yet, high capital costs and the localized focus of waste management services remain key impediments to greater smart technology diffusion in the waste sector. Navigant Research forecasts that annual smart MSW technology revenue will grow from $2.3 billion in 2014 to $6.5 billion in 2023.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the global market for smart MSW technologies, with a focus on four segments: smart collection, smart processing, smart energy recovery, and smart disposal. Global market forecasts for the volume of MSW generated and managed globally and the revenue generated from the deployment of smart waste technologies, segmented by geography and smart waste segment, extend through 2023. This report also examines key stakeholder initiatives, regulatory issues, market drivers, challenges, and technology developments and profiles the major stakeholders across the MSW value chain.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • What is the current addressable market for smart waste technologies?
  • Which regions show the greatest opportunity for smart municipal solid waste (MSW) technology investment?
  • What are the regulatory, technological, and economic market drivers for smart waste technologies?
  • How are advanced technologies disrupting the traditional MSW value chain?
  • Why is energy recovery so far ahead of other smart MSW technologies segments with respect to revenue?
  • Who are the key stakeholders in the emerging smart MSW value chain?
  • What are the emerging opportunities for MSW as a strategic resource?
Who needs this report?
  • Waste management companies
  • Municipal waste utilities
  • Software/IT companies
  • Energy recovery companies
  • Advanced biofuels producers
  • Industry associations
  • Government agencies and policymakers
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  The Evolving MSW Management Market

1.2  The Smart MSW Technology Opportunity

1.3  Smart MSW Technology Market Trends

1.4  Market Forecasts

2. Market Issues

2.1  The MSW Opportunity

2.1.1   Understanding Waste Streams

2.1.2   Global MSW Generation

2.1.3   Regional MSW Composition

2.1.4   MSW, Urbanization, and Rising Levels of Affluence

   2.1.4.1  Urbanization and Waste Generation

   2.1.4.2  The Rise of the Global Middle Class

   2.1.4.3  Megacities: A Super-Sized Challenge

2.2  Defining the Smart MSW Management Value Chain

2.2.1   Low-Income Country Value Chain

2.2.2   Low- and Upper-Middle-Income Country Value Chain

2.2.3   High-Income Country Value Chain

2.3  Market Drivers

2.3.1   Public Health and Environmental Security

2.3.2   Urbanization and Sprawl

2.3.3   MSW as a Strategic Resource

   2.3.3.1  A Negative Cost Feedstock

   2.3.3.2  The Rise of Landfill Mining

2.4  Market Challenges

2.4.1   Waste Composition

2.4.2   Out-of-Sight, Out-of-Mind

2.4.3   Not in My Backyard

2.4.4   Cost

2.4.5   Policy Uncertainty

   2.4.5.1  Climate Change and GHG Regulation

   2.4.5.2  Evolving Waste Management Policies

2.4.6   Shale Gas

2.5  An Emerging Policy Framework

2.5.1   The Waste Management Hierarchy

2.5.2   Zero Waste Initiatives

2.5.3   Incentives

   2.5.3.1  Landfill Taxes

   2.5.3.2  Pay-as-You-Throw

2.5.4   Energy Recovery

   2.5.4.1  Renewable Power and Thermal Targets

   2.5.4.2  Next-Generation Fuels

3. Technology Issues

3.1  MSW Innovations

3.2  Smart Collection

3.2.1   RFID Technology

   3.2.1.1  RFID and PAYT Programs

   3.2.1.2  Internet of Garbage Cans

   3.2.1.3  RFID and Waste Sorting

3.2.2   GPS Routing Systems and Data Analytics

3.2.3   Vacuum (Pneumatic) Systems

3.2.4   Fuel Switching

3.3  Smart Processing

3.3.1   Advanced MRFs

3.3.2   Mechanical Biological Treatment

3.3.3   RDF Facilities

3.4  Smart Energy Recovery

3.4.1   WTE

   3.4.1.1  Incineration

      3.4.1.1.1.    Incineration Variants

      3.4.1.1.2.    Advanced Thermal Recycling

   3.4.1.2  Biological Treatment

      3.4.1.2.1.    Direct Use

      3.4.1.2.2.    Electricity Generation

      3.4.1.2.3.    Vehicular Use

   3.4.1.3  Advanced Thermal Treatment

      3.4.1.3.1.    Gasification

      3.4.1.3.2.    Pyrolysis

      3.4.1.3.3.    Plasma Arc Gasification

3.4.2   W2F

3.5  Smart Disposal

3.5.1   Sanitary Landfills

3.5.2   Bioreactor Landfills

3.5.3   Landfill and Solar Integration

4. Key Industry Players

4.1  Integrated Waste Management Players

4.1.1   Beijing Capital Group Company

4.1.2   Republic Services

4.1.3   Suez Environnement

4.1.4   Veolia Environmental Services

4.1.5   Waste Management

4.1.6   Other Integrated Waste Management Players

4.2  Specialized Waste Management Technology and Solutions Players

4.2.1   Covanta Holding Corp.

4.2.2   Enerkem

4.2.3   Envac Group

4.2.4   Fiberight

4.2.5   Harvest Power

4.2.6   Inashco

4.2.7   Leidos

4.2.8   MBA Polymers

4.2.9   Rockwell Automation

4.2.10    Ros Roca Environment

4.2.11    Sims Metal Management

4.2.12   Solena Fuels

4.2.13    Wheelabrator Technologies

4.2.14    Other Technology and Solutions Players

5. Market Forecasts

5.1  Smart MSW Technology Market Overview

5.2  Forecast Assumptions

5.3  Smart MSW Technology Forecasts by Segment

5.3.1   Smart Collection

5.3.2   Smart Processing

5.3.3   Smart Energy Recovery

5.3.4   Smart Disposal

5.4  Smart MSW Technology Forecasts by Region

5.4.1   North America

5.4.2   Western Europe

5.4.3   Asia Pacific

5.5     Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Cumulative Smart MSW Technology Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • MSW Generation Volume Share by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • MSW Composition by Country, Select Markets: 2012
  • Waste Generation per Capita to Gross National Income Ratio, World Markets: 2014
  • Typical MSW Disposal Methods by Country Type, Representative Markets: 2012
  • Volume of Biofuels Supply Targets by Key Market, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • WTE Incineration Plant Market Share by Region, World Markets: 2013
  • RNG Production by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual MSW under Smart Management by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual MSW Management Revenue by Technology Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Smart MSW Technology Revenue by Segment, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Smart Collection Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Smart Processing Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Smart Energy Recovery Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Smart Disposal Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Smart MSW Technology Revenue by Segment, North America: 2014-2023
  • Annual Smart MSW Technology Revenue by Segment, Western Europe: 2014-2023
  • Annual Smart MSW Technology Revenue by Segment, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • Percentage of Population at Mid-Year Residing in Urban Areas by Region: 1950-2030
  • Map of World’s Megacities: 2006
  • MSW Management Value Chain
  • Artist’s Rendering of Amagerforbraending Facility
  • Waste Management Hierarchy
  • Smart MSW Technology Landscape
  • WTE Incineration Diagram

List of Tables

  • Estimated Solid Waste Management Costs by Disposal Method, World Markets: 2012
  • Waste Power and Thermal Policy Targets by Country, World Markets: 2014
  • Annual MSW Generation and Management by Segment and Region (Tons), World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual MSW Generation and Management by Segment and Region (Tonnes), World Markets: 2014-2023
  • MSW Composition by Country, Select Markets: 2012
  • Waste Generation Indicators by Country, Select Markets: 2013
  • Typical MSW Disposal Methods by Country Type, Representative Markets: 2012
  • Volume of Biofuels Supply Targets by Key Market, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Commercialization Status of WTE Technologies, World Markets: 2014
  • Biogas Utilization Efficiency in Conversion Technologies
  • W2F Commercial Biorefinery Projects, World Markets: 2014
  • LFG Collection Efficiencies by Landfill Type
  • WTE Incineration Plant Market Share by Region, World Markets: 2013
  • RNG Production by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • MSW Collection Rate by Region, World Markets: 2012-2023
  • MSW Managed by Region, World Markets: 2012-2023
  • MSW Not Managed by Region, World Markets: 2012-2023
  • Annual Smart MSW Technology Revenue by Segment and Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Smart Waste Management as a Share of Total MSW Generation by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual MSW under Smart Management by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Cumulative Smart MSW Technology Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total MSW Management Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual MSW Management Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual MSW Management Revenue by Technology Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Other Integrated Waste Management Companies
  • Other Integrated Waste Management Players
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Virtual Power Plants http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/virtual-power-plants http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/virtual-power-plants#comments Mon, 16 Jun 2014 17:05:56 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=65956 Smart EnergySmart Utilities
The evolution of energy markets is accelerating in the direction of a greater reliance upon distributed energy resources (DER). Successful strategies to manage this increasing two-way complexity are being deployed today all over the world. One such strategy is a virtual power plant (VPP), which can be viewed as a manifestation of the concept of [...]]]>
Smart EnergySmart Utilities

The evolution of energy markets is accelerating in the direction of a greater reliance upon distributed energy resources (DER). Successful strategies to manage this increasing two-way complexity are being deployed today all over the world. One such strategy is a virtual power plant (VPP), which can be viewed as a manifestation of the concept of transactive energy. Essentially, the VPP can combine a rich diversity of independent resources into a network via sophisticated planning, scheduling, and bidding of DER-based services.

Several recent trends are creating an environment conducive to VPPs. These include the increasing penetration of smart meters and other smart grid technologies, growth in variable renewable generation, and emerging markets for ancillary services. However, challenges to commercial rollouts of VPPs remain, including the lack of reliance upon dynamic, real-time pricing and consumer pushback against the smart grid. The end goal for this market is the mixed asset VPP segment, as it brings distributed generation (DG) and demand response (DR) together to provide a synergistic sharing of grid resources. Navigant Research forecasts that total annual VPP vendor revenue will grow from $1.1 billion in 2014 to $5.3 billion in 2023 under a base scenario.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the global VPP market, with a focus on three primary segments: DR, supply-side, and mixed asset VPPs. The study provides an analysis of the market issues, including business cases, market drivers, and implementation challenges, associated with VPPs. Global market forecasts for power capacity and vendor revenue, broken out by segment, region, and scenario, extend through 2023. The report also examines the key technologies related to VPPs, as well as the competitive landscape.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • What is the Navigant Research definition of a virtual power plant (VPP)?
  • How do the market dynamics differ for the three VPP market segments: demand response (DR), supply-side, and mixed asset?
  • What technologies are being deployed within VPPs globally?
  • Where are the projected hot spots for the three primary VPP segments over the next 10 years?
  • How do VPP business models differ among vendors?
  • How does the VPP fit into transactive energy trends?
  • Why is the VPP the ultimate example of the energy cloud concept?
Who needs this report?
  • Smart grid hardware and software vendors
  • Grid operators and transmission companies
  • Utilities
  • Energy storage manufacturers
  • Demand response aggregators
  • Solar and wind companies
  • Government agencies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Virtual Power Plants and the Emerging Energy Cloud

2. Market Issues 

2.1  Virtual Power Plants: Definitions and Market Segments

2.1.1   Navigant Research VPP Definition

2.1.2   Three Primary VPP Segments

   2.1.2.1  DR VPPs

   2.1.2.2  Supply-Side VPPs

   2.1.2.3  Mixed Asset VPPs

2.1.3   VPPs versus Microgrids

   2.1.3.1  Case Study: Lessons Learned from Denmark on VPP and Microgrid Overlap

2.2  The Business Case for VPPs

2.2.1   Better DER Asset Utilization

2.2.2   Synergy with ADR

2.2.3   Emergence of New Utility Business Models

2.2.4   Tipping Point Value Propositions for VPPs

2.3  Current Market Drivers

2.3.1   Maturing Smart Meter Markets

2.3.2   Utility Distribution and Substation Automation Trends

2.3.3   Global Growth in Variable Renewable Generation

2.3.4   Utility and Regulator Pushback on Renewables Incentives

2.3.5   Emerging Organized Markets for Grid Ancillary Services

2.3.6   FERC Orders on DR

2.4  Implementation Challenges

2.4.1   Lack of Dynamic Energy Pricing

2.4.2   Pushback against the Utility Smart Grid

2.4.3   Lack of VPP Standards, Certifications, and Property Rights

2.4.4   What Is the Best VPP Business Model?

   2.4.4.1  Business Model Case Study: How Ventyx Leverages the Cloud for VPPs

3. Technology Issues

3.1  VPP-Enabling Technology Overview

3.2  DG

3.2.1   Pros and Cons

3.2.2   Commercial Time Horizon

3.3  Smart Meters

3.3.1   Pros and Cons

3.3.2   Commercialization Time Horizon

3.4  DR

3.4.1   Pros and Cons

3.4.2   Commercial Time Horizon

3.5  Smart Inverters

3.5.1   Pros and Cons

3.5.2   Commercial Time Horizon

3.6  Advanced Energy Storage

3.6.1   Pros and Cons

3.6.2   Commercial Time Horizon

3.7  PEVs

3.7.1   Pros and Cons

3.7.2   Commercial Time Horizon

3.8  Smart Grid Networking Software

4. Key Industry Players 

4.1  The VPP Competitive Landscape

4.2  Utilities

4.2.1   DONG Energy

4.2.2   Duke Energy

4.2.3   RWE

4.3  Large Technology Players

4.3.1   Alstom Grid

4.3.2   Bosch

4.3.3   GE Digital Energy

4.3.4   IBM

4.3.5   Schneider Electric

4.3.6   Siemens

4.4  Pure Software Firms

4.4.1   ENBALA Power Networks

4.4.2   Joule Assets

4.4.3   Power Analytics

4.4.4   Power Assure

4.4.5   Spirae

4.4.6   Ventyx/ABB

4.4.7   Viridity Energy

4.5  DR Aggregators

4.5.1   Comverge

4.5.2   Consert

4.5.3   Cooper Power Systems/Eaton

4.5.4   Customized Energy Solutions

4.5.5   EnerNOC

5. Market Forecasts  

5.1  VPP Market Forecast Overview

5.1.1   Scenarios

5.1.2   Five Leading VPP Markets

   5.1.2.1  United States

   5.1.2.2  Germany

   5.1.2.3  Denmark

   5.1.2.4  United Kingdom

   5.1.2.5  Japan

5.1.3   Revenue Forecast Methodology

5.2  DR VPPs

5.2.1   North America

5.2.2   Europe

5.2.3   Asia Pacific

5.2.4   Latin America

5.2.5   Middle East & Africa

5.3  Supply-Side VPPs

5.3.1   North America

5.3.2   Europe

5.3.3   Asia Pacific

5.3.4   Latin America

5.3.5   Middle East & Africa

5.4  Mixed Asset VPPs

5.4.1   North America

5.4.2   Europe

5.4.3   Asia Pacific

5.4.4   Latin America

5.4.5   Middle East & Africa

5.5  Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • VPP Conceptual Diagram
  • Germany’s RCPP
  • Cell Controller Hybrid Microgrid/VPP R&D Project
  • Relationship of Financial and Physical Topology of VPPs
  • Hierarchy of Resource Costs
  • Smart Meter Deployment Penetration Levels, United States: 2012
  • Today’s Bidirectional Prosumer Power System
  • Subsidies for Energy Resources: 2008-2010
  • Denmark’s Market Redesign for VPPs
  • Key Sources of Flexible Consumption Candidates for VPPs, Denmark: 2015-2035
  • Solar PV Cheaper Than Retail Utility Power in Southern Germany
  • Cutting Peak Demand through Wide Deployment of DG
  • Duck Graph of Renewable Energy Integration: 2013-2020
  • Smart Inverter Functionality
  • V2G Linkages to Smart Grid Services
  • McAlpine Microgrid Schematic
  • DER Schedule and Dispatch Evolution for VPPs
  • Schneider Electric’s Analogy between Amazon and VPP
  • DR Reinvented via Two-Way Communication Relationships into VPPs
  • Total Annual VPP Vendor Revenue by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • ADR Power Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Smart Meter Unit Shipments by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Annual Solar PV Installed Capacity and Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2011-2020
  • Installed Energy Storage Power Capacity in Microgrids by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Total Annual VPP Power Capacity by Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual VPP Power Capacity by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual VPP Vendor Revenue by Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual DR VPP Power Capacity by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual DR VPP Vendor Revenue by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual Supply-Side VPP Power Capacity by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual Supply-Side VPP Vendor Revenue by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual Mixed Asset VPP Power Capacity by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual Mixed Asset VPP Vendor Revenue by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023

List of Tables

  • DR VPP vs. Central Station Plant Comparison
  • DR VPP SWOT Analysis
  • Supply-Side VPP SWOT Analysis
  • Mixed Asset VPP SWOT Analysis
  • Comparison between VPPs and Microgrids
  • DG for VPPs SWOT Analysis
  • Operating and Cost Characteristics of DG Technologies for VPPs: 2014
  • Smart Meters for VPPs SWOT Analysis
  • DR for VPPs SWOT Analysis
  • Smart Inverters for VPPs SWOT Analysis
  • Energy Storage Ancillary Service Characteristics Relevant to VPPs
  • Advanced Energy Storage for VPPs SWOT Analysis
  • PEVs for VPPs SWOT Analysis
  • DONG Energy SWOT Analysis
  • Siemens SWOT Analysis
  • Ventyx SWOT Analysis
  • EnerNOC SWOT Analysis
  • Total Annual VPP Power Capacity by Region, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual VPP Power Capacity by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual VPP Power Capacity by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual VPP Vendor Revenue by Region, Conservative Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual VPP Vendor Revenue by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual VPP Vendor Revenue by Region, Aggressive Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual DR VPP Power Capacity by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual DR VPP Vendor Revenue by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual Supply-Side VPP Power Capacity by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual Supply-Side VPP Vendor Revenue by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual Mixed Asset VPP Power Capacity by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual Mixed Asset VPP Vendor Revenue by Region, Base Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2023
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Next-Generation Advanced Batteries http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/next-generation-advanced-batteries http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/next-generation-advanced-batteries#comments Fri, 13 Jun 2014 19:27:40 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=65916 Smart Energy
The advanced battery industry is growing at an extremely aggressive pace, with lithium ion (Li-ion) leading the charge. However, Li-ion is not the perfect battery; it has supply constraints, manufacturing cost reduction obstacles, and safety issues that leave it vulnerable to new chemistries that solve some or all of those problems. Research and development of [...]]]>
Smart Energy

The advanced battery industry is growing at an extremely aggressive pace, with lithium ion (Li-ion) leading the charge. However, Li-ion is not the perfect battery; it has supply constraints, manufacturing cost reduction obstacles, and safety issues that leave it vulnerable to new chemistries that solve some or all of those problems. Research and development of new battery chemistries is fast developing and will soon have a major impact on the battery industry.

The emergence of these new battery chemistries is occurring in the context of an enormous increase in the world’s appetite for advanced energy storage devices. Although energy density has been the most sought-after goal for new chemistries – and most show improvements in energy density – it is not the only favorable quality for a next-generation battery. Cost and safety have become important concerns for most battery buyers. By offering cheaper price points, next-generation batteries can enable even more applications for batteries. In addition, some applications (e.g., electric vehicle and grid storage batteries) require higher safety standards and value inherently safe chemistries. Navigant Research forecasts that global next-generation advanced battery revenue will grow from $182.3 million in 2014 to $9.4 billion in 2023.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the global market for next-generation advanced batteries, with a focus on the current leading battery chemistry, Li-ion, and the energy storage device types that might eventually replace it: ultracapacitors and lithium sulfur, solid electrolyte, magnesium ion, next-generation flow, and metal-air batteries. The study provides an analysis of the market issues and battery landscape associated with next-generation advanced batteries. Global market forecasts for energy capacity, power capacity, and revenue, segmented by region, application, and chemistry, extend through 2023. The report also examines the key imminent and emerging technologies related to advanced batteries and provides in-depth profiles of the major industry players.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • What are the emerging next-generation advanced battery chemistries?
  • How quickly will the market for each next-generation battery chemistry grow during the next 10 years?
  • What is the state of the current global lithium ion (Li-ion) market?
  • How will next-generation battery chemistries solve the large-scale problems that Li-ion batteries face?
  • What are some near-term incremental improvements that can be expected in the Li-ion market?
  • What are the realistic expectations of market entry for each next-generation battery chemistry?
Who needs this report?
  • Battery manufacturers
  • Vehicle manufacturers
  • Consumer electronics device manufacturers
  • Power tool manufacturers
  • Stationary storage system purchasers
  • Government agencies and regulators
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Overview

1.2  Chemistries Covered in This Report

1.3  Market Forecasts

2. Market Issues 

2.1  Current Battery Landscape by Chemistry

2.1.1   Li-ion

   2.1.1.1  Li-ion Weaknesses

      2.1.1.1.1.   Manufacturing Cost

      2.1.1.1.2.   Safety

      2.1.1.1.3.   Materials Scarcity

2.1.2   Lead-Acid

2.1.3   Other Chemistries

2.2  Battery Demand Landscape by Application

2.2.1   Transportation

   2.2.1.1  Automotive

      2.2.1.1.1.   SLI Batteries

      2.2.1.1.2.   Traction Batteries for xEVs

      2.2.1.1.3.   SSV Batteries

   2.2.1.2  Bus, Truck, Rail, and Marine

   2.2.1.3  Aviation

2.2.2   Stationary Storage

   2.2.2.1  Utility-Scale Energy Storage System Batteries

2.2.3   Portable Power

   2.2.3.1  Consumer Electronics

      2.2.3.1.1.   Laptop and Tablet Computers

      2.2.3.1.2.   Phones

      2.2.3.1.3.   Wearable Devices

   2.2.3.2  Power Tools

2.2.4   Other Applications

   2.2.4.1  Defense

   2.2.4.2  Medical

2.2.5   Global Advanced Batteries Market, All Applications

3. Technology Issues  

3.1  Technology Overview

3.2  Imminent Technologies

3.2.1   Ultracapacitors

   3.2.1.1  EDLCs

   3.2.1.2  LiCs

3.2.2   LiS

3.2.3   Silicon Anodes in Li-ion

3.2.4   Layer-Layer NMC

3.2.5   Next-Generation Flow Batteries

3.3  Emerging Technologies

3.3.1   Mg-Ion Batteries

3.3.2   Solid Electrolyte Batteries

3.3.3   Metal-Air Batteries

4. Key Industry Players

4.1  Major Li-ion Players

4.1.1   Amperex Technology Ltd.

4.1.2   BYD

4.1.3   LG Chem

4.1.4   Panasonic

4.1.5   Samsung SDI

4.2  Other Major Battery Manufacturers

4.2.1   Johnson Controls

4.2.2   Lishen Tianjin

4.3  Ultracapacitor Players

4.3.1   Hitachi Chemical

4.3.2   Ioxus

4.3.3   JSR Corp.

4.3.4   Maxwell Technologies

4.3.5   Nippon Chemi-Con

4.4  Emerging Next-Generation Advanced Battery Companies

4.4.1   Ambri

4.4.2   Amprius

4.4.3   Aquion Energy

4.4.4   Boulder Ionics

4.4.5   EnerVault

4.4.6   PolyPlus

4.4.7   Sakti3

5. Market Forecasts

5.1  Overview Forecasts

5.1.1   Next-Generation Advanced Batteries for Transportation Applications

5.1.2   Next-Generation Advanced Batteries for Stationary Storage Applications

5.1.3   Next-Generation Advanced Batteries for Portable Power Applications

5.2  Chemistry Forecasts

5.2.1   Ultracapacitor Forecast

5.2.2   Lithium Sulfur Battery Forecast

5.2.3   Solid Electrolyte Battery Forecast

5.2.4   Magnesium Ion Battery Forecast

5.2.5   Next-Generation Flow Battery Forecast

5.2.6   Metal-Air Battery Forecast

5.2.7   Total Next-Generation Battery Forecast

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Samsung SDI 18650 Cylindrical Cell for Laptop Computers
  • LG Chem Pouch Cell for Tablet Computers
  • GS Yuasa Large-Format Prismatic Cell for Automotive Use
  • Next-Generation Advanced Battery Energy Capacity and Revenue by Region, All Applications, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lowest Pricing of Cylindrical and Large-Format Li-Ion Batteries by Cell Type, World Markets: 2009-2020
  • Advanced Battery Energy Capacity by Region, Automotive Segment, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Advanced Battery Grid Energy Storage System Energy Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Advanced Battery Consumer Electronics Energy Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Advanced Battery Power Tools Energy Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Advanced Battery Energy Capacity by Region, All Applications, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Next-Generation Advanced Battery Energy Capacity by Application, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Ultracapacitor Energy Capacity and Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Ultracapacitor Energy Capacity by Application, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lithium Sulfur Battery Energy Capacity and Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lithium Sulfur Battery Energy Capacity by Application, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Solid Electrolyte Battery Energy Capacity and Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Solid Electrolyte Battery Energy Capacity by Application, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Magnesium Ion Battery Energy Capacity and Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Magnesium Ion Battery Energy Capacity by Application, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Next-Generation Flow Battery Energy Capacity and Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Next-Generation Flow Battery Energy Capacity by Application, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Metal-Air Battery Energy Capacity and Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Metal-Air Battery Energy Capacity by Application, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Next-Generation Advanced Battery Energy Capacity and Revenue by Region, All Applications, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Next-Generation Advanced Battery Energy Capacity by Application, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Next-Generation Advanced Battery Energy Capacity by Chemistry, World Markets: 2014-2023

List of Tables

  • EDLC Specifications and Players
  • LiC Specifications and Players
  • LiS Specifications and Players
  • Next-Generation Flow Battery Specifications and Players
  • Mg-Ion Battery Specifications and Players
  • Solid Electrolyte Battery Specifications and Players
  • Metal-Air Battery Specifications and Players
  • ATL SWOT Analysis
  • BYD SWOT Analysis
  • LG Chem SWOT Analysis
  • Panasonic SWOT Analysis
  • Samsung SDI SWOT Analysis
  • Emerging Next-Generation Advanced Battery Companies
  • Next-Generation Advanced Battery Revenue by Region, All Applications, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Next-Generation Battery Energy Capacity by Region, All Applications, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Next-Generation Advanced Battery Energy Capacity by Application, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Next-Generation Advanced Battery Energy Capacity by Chemistry, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Next-Generation Advanced Battery Power Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lowest Pricing of Cylindrical and Large-Format Li-Ion Batteries by Cell Type, World Markets: 2009-2020
  • Advanced Battery Energy Capacity by Region, Automotive Segment, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Advanced Battery Grid Energy Storage System Energy Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Advanced Battery Data Center UPS Energy Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Advanced Battery Telecom UPS Energy Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Advanced Battery Consumer Electronics Energy Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Advanced Battery Power Tools Energy Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Advanced Battery Energy Capacity by Region, All Applications, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Ultracapacitor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Ultracapacitor Energy Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Ultracapacitor Energy Capacity by Application, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Ultracapacitor Power Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lithium Sulfur Battery Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lithium Sulfur Battery Energy Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lithium Sulfur Battery Energy Capacity by Application, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lithium Sulfur Battery Power Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Solid Electrolyte Battery Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Solid Electrolyte Battery Energy Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Solid Electrolyte Battery Energy Capacity by Application, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Solid Electrolyte Battery Power Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Magnesium Ion Battery Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Magnesium Ion Battery Energy Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Magnesium Ion Battery Energy Capacity by Application, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Magnesium Ion Battery Power Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Next-Generation Flow Battery Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Next-Generation Flow Battery Energy Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Next-Generation Flow Battery Energy Capacity by Application, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Next-Generation Flow Battery Power Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Metal-Air Battery Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Metal-Air Battery Energy Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Metal-Air Battery Energy Capacity by Application, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Metal-Air Battery Power Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
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Advanced Battery Tracker 2Q14 http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/advanced-battery-tracker-2q14 http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/advanced-battery-tracker-2q14#comments Fri, 13 Jun 2014 17:48:26 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=65910 Smart Energy
The advanced batteries industry saw continued growth in 2013. Demand for batteries as an alternative means to power vehicles, grid management equipment, and devices increased in multiple industries around the world. Overall, the industry shipped 47.4 GWh of batteries in 2013, the majority of which went to consumer electronics. However, emerging sectors such as automotive [...]]]>
Smart Energy

The advanced batteries industry saw continued growth in 2013. Demand for batteries as an alternative means to power vehicles, grid management equipment, and devices increased in multiple industries around the world. Overall, the industry shipped 47.4 GWh of batteries in 2013, the majority of which went to consumer electronics. However, emerging sectors such as automotive and stationary energy storage also earned relatively large market shares.

When measured by cell shipments, more than 99% of advanced batteries were made with lithium ion (Li-ion) chemistries in 2013. Li-ion continues to be the primary chemistry utilized in consumer electronics, power tool, automotive, medical, and defense applications. Global Li-ion manufacturing capacity has expanded in the last few years, as several governments have subsidized factories in North America and Asia Pacific to boost supplies for electric vehicles. The only major application segment with significant penetration by other chemistries is stationary energy storage, where some systems utilize flow, sodium metal halide, sodium sulfur, and aqueous sodium ion batteries.

This Navigant Research report identifies developments and trends in the advanced batteries market by tracking the shipments of batteries around the world for 2013. The Tracker focuses on new market activity and market share analysis for all major application segments that utilize advanced batteries, including automotive, stationary energy storage, consumer electronics, medical, defense, and power tools. Comprehensive documentation is provided for energy capacity (MWh), power capacity (MW), cells shipped, and revenue for advanced batteries across all global regions and across all technologies.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • How many advanced batteries shipped in 2013 by energy capacity (MWh), power capacity (MW), cells shipped, and revenue?
  • What are the six major application segments that utilize advanced batteries?
  • How does demand for advanced batteries vary by application segment?
  • Where are advanced batteries being manufactured?
  • What are the top 10 battery vendors in terms of energy capacity shipped in the advanced batteries market?
  • How is the vendor landscape in in each advanced battery application segment changing?
Who needs this report?
  • Battery manufacturers
  • Consumer electronics vendors
  • Defense systems manufacturers
  • Stationary energy storage systems integrators
  • Automotive OEMs
  • Government agencies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Introduction

1.2  Global Shipment Volume

2. Current Market Outlook      

2.1  Introduction

2.2  Market Share

2.3  Shipments by Country of Manufacture

2.4  Shipments by Application Segments

2.4.1   Advanced Batteries for the Automotive Industry

2.4.2   Advanced Batteries for the Stationary Energy Storage Industry

2.4.3   Advanced Batteries for the Consumer Electronics Industry

2.4.4   Advanced Batteries for the Medical Industry

2.4.5   Advanced Batteries for the Defense Industry

2.4.6   Advanced Batteries for the Power Tools Industry

3. Technology Issues  

3.1  Shipments by Chemistry

3.2  Shipments by Li-ion Sub-Chemistry

4. Company Directory
5. Acronym and Abbreviation List
6. Table of Contents
7. Table of Charts and Figures
8. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Advanced Batteries Energy Capacity by Segment, World Markets: 2013
  • Advanced Batteries Energy Capacity by Segment, World Markets: 2012 and 2013
  • Advanced Batteries Power Capacity by Segment, World Markets: 2013
  • Advanced Batteries Cell Shipments by Segment, World Markets: 2013
  • Advanced Batteries Revenue by Segment, World Markets: 2013
  • Advanced Batteries Energy Capacity Market Share by Top Battery Manufacturer, All Segments, World Markets: 2013
  • Advanced Batteries Energy Capacity Market Share by Country of Manufacture, World Markets: 2013
  • Advanced Batteries Energy Capacity Market Share by Top 10 Battery Manufacturers, Automotive Segment, World Markets: 2013
  • Advanced Batteries Energy Capacity Market Share by Top 10 Battery Manufacturers, Stationary Energy Storage Segment, World Markets: 2013
  • Advanced Batteries Energy Capacity Market Share by Top 10 Battery Manufacturers, Consumer Electronics, World Markets: 2013
  • Advanced Batteries Energy Capacity Market Share by Top Battery Manufacturer, Medical Segment, World Markets: 2013
  • Advanced Batteries Energy Capacity Market Share by Top Battery Manufacturer, Defense Segment, World Markets: 2013
  • Advanced Batteries Energy Capacity Market Share by Top Battery Manufacturer, Power Tools Segment, World Markets: 2013
  • Li-ion Energy Capacity Market Share by Sub-Chemistry, World Markets: 2013

List of Tables

  • Advanced Batteries Shipments by Battery Manufacturer, Automotive Segment, World Markets: 2013
  • Advanced Batteries Energy Capacity by Battery Manufacturer, Automotive Segment, World Markets: 2013
  • Advanced Batteries Energy Capacity by Sub-Chemistry, Automotive Segment, World Markets: 2013
  • Advanced Batteries Energy Capacity by Region of Manufacture, Automotive Segment,  World Markets: 2013
  • Advanced Batteries Shipments by Battery Manufacturer, Stationary Energy Storage Segment, World Markets: 2013
  • Advanced Batteries Energy Capacity by Battery Manufacturer, Stationary Energy Storage Segment, World Markets: 2013
  • Advanced Batteries Energy Capacity by Chemistry, Stationary Energy Storage Segment, World Markets: 2013
  • Advanced Batteries Energy Capacity by Region of Manufacture, Stationary Energy Storage Segment, World Markets: 2013
  • Advanced Batteries Shipments by Battery Manufacturer, Consumer Electronics Segment, World Markets: 2013
  • Advanced Batteries Energy Capacity by Battery Manufacturer, Consumer Electronics Segment, World Markets: 2013
  • Advanced Batteries Energy Capacity by Chemistry, Consumer Electronics Segment, World Markets: 2013
  • Advanced Batteries Energy Capacity by Region of Manufacture, Consumer Electronics Segment, World Markets: 2013
  • Advanced Batteries Shipments by Battery Manufacturer, Medical Segment, World Markets: 2013
  • Advanced Batteries Energy Capacity by Battery Manufacturer, Medical Segment, World Markets: 2013
  • Advanced Batteries Energy Capacity by Region of Manufacture, Medical Segment, World Markets: 2013
  • Advanced Batteries Shipments by Battery Manufacturer, Defense Segment, World Markets: 2013
  • Advanced Batteries Energy Capacity by Battery Manufacturer, Defense Segment, World Markets: 2013
  • Advanced Batteries Energy Capacity by Region of manufacture, Defense Segment, World Markets: 2013
  • Advanced Batteries Shipments by Battery Manufacturer, Power Tools, World Markets: 2013
  • Advanced Batteries Energy Capacity by Battery Manufacturer, Power Tools Segment, World Markets: 2013
  • Advanced Batteries Energy Capacity by Chemistry, Power Tools Segment, World Markets: 2013
  • Advanced Batteries Energy Capacity by Region of Manufacture, Power Tools Segment, World Markets: 2013
  • Advanced Batteries Shipments by Battery Manufacturer, All Segments, World Markets: 2013
  • Advanced Batteries Revenue by Segment, World Markets: 2013
  • Advanced Batteries Energy Capacity by Segment, World Markets: 2013
  • Advanced Batteries Power Capacity by Segment, World Markets: 2013
  • Advanced Batteries Cell Shipments by Segment, World Markets: 2013
  • Advanced Batteries Shipments by Country of Manufacture, World Markets: 2013
  • Advanced Batteries Energy Capacity by Segment, World Markets: 2012 and 2013
  • Advanced Batteries Revenue by Segment, World Markets: 2012 and 2013
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The Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Industries: 10 Trends to Watch http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/the-fuel-cell-and-hydrogen-industries-10-trends-to-watch http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/the-fuel-cell-and-hydrogen-industries-10-trends-to-watch#comments Fri, 13 Jun 2014 02:26:35 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=65882 Smart Energy
The fuel cell industry is being cursed – or blessed, depending on one’s position – with interesting times. Over the past 18 months, there has been a real divergence in the fortunes of various fuel cell sectors. The stationary sector has seen 2 years of strong growth while some sectors, such as portable, have continued [...]]]>
Smart Energy

The fuel cell industry is being cursed – or blessed, depending on one’s position – with interesting times. Over the past 18 months, there has been a real divergence in the fortunes of various fuel cell sectors. The stationary sector has seen 2 years of strong growth while some sectors, such as portable, have continued to struggle. Others have been in a holding pattern, seeing continued growth but no major breakthroughs. Meanwhile, the fuel cell vehicle (FCV) market is poised for the launch of commercial vehicles, spurring a flurry of investment in hydrogen infrastructure. Hydrogen for power-to-gas applications has also seen a surge in interest as countries look to manage and optimize renewable resources.

This white paper looks at some of the major trends that Navigant Research sees happening over the next year and beyond. The trends were generated from Navigant Research’s analysis of the fuel cell and hydrogen industries, as well as research into the sectors in which fuel cells compete, especially energy storage, combined heat and power (CHP), and microgrids.

The 10 key trends are:

  • Fuel cells back on the radar of the skeptical U.S. media
  • Stationary sector continues to lead the fuel cell industry
  • Investors cautiously coming off the fence on fuel cells
  • FCVs continue to be compared to plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs)
  • Hydrogen infrastructure stakeholders must prove they can build stations
  • CHP is on path to surpass prime power stationary fuel cells
  • Fuel cells face stiff competition from engine- or turbine-based CHP
  • Booming North American microgrid market offers opportunity for fuel cells
  • Power-to-gas concept will be proven in Europe
  • Portable fuel cells still struggling to hit the right value proposition
Key Questions Addressed:
  • What are the major trends in the fuel cell and hydrogen industries?
  • Which application sector is leading the fuel cell industry and in which markets?
  • How are fuel cells viewed by investors and the U.S. media?
  • What is the growth potential of combined heat and power (CHP) fuel cells?
  • Where is power-to-gas poised for growth?
  • Which regional microgrid market offers the best opportunity for fuel cells?
Who needs this report?
  • Fuel cell system and stack developers
  • Hydrogen suppliers
  • Fuel cell vehicle infrastructure developers
  • Automakers
  • Utilities
  • Energy service companies (ESCOs)
  • Government agencies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

2. 10 Key Trends in the Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Industries

2.1   Fuel Cells Back on the Radar in the Skeptical U.S. Media

2.2   Stationary Sector Continues to Lead the Fuel Cell Industry

2.3   Investors Cautiously Coming Off the Fence on Fuel Cells

2.4   FCVs Continue to be Compared to PEVs

2.5   Hydrogen Infrastructure Stakeholders Must Prove They Can Build Stations

2.6   CHP Is on Path to Surpass Prime Power Stationary Fuel Cells

2.7   Fuel Cells Face Stiff Competition from Engine- or Turbine-Based CHP

2.8   Booming North American Microgrid Market Offers Opportunity for Fuel Cells

2.9   Power-to-Gas Concept Will Be Proven in Europe

2.10  Portable Fuel Cells Still Struggling to Hit the Right Value Proposition

3.  Acronym and Abbreviation List
4.  Table of Contents
5.  Table of Charts and Figures
6. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts

  • Fuel Cell Shipped Capacity by Application, World Markets: 2009-2012
  • Microgrid Capacity and Revenue, North America: 2014-2018
  • Annual Capacity of Wind Installed, Select European Countries, and Power-to-Gas Capacity by Scenario, Europe: 2014-2018
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Residential Energy Innovations http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/residential-energy-innovations http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/residential-energy-innovations#comments Fri, 06 Jun 2014 21:39:25 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=65722 Energy StorageRenewable Energy
Electric utilities are facing new technology trends that alter the traditional relationship with residential customers. This broad disruption is known collectively as distributed energy resources (DER). At the residential level, disruption derives mainly from solar PV panels, which enable customers to generate some of their own electricity and sell unneeded power back to the utility. [...]]]>
Energy StorageRenewable Energy

Electric utilities are facing new technology trends that alter the traditional relationship with residential customers. This broad disruption is known collectively as distributed energy resources (DER). At the residential level, disruption derives mainly from solar PV panels, which enable customers to generate some of their own electricity and sell unneeded power back to the utility. The latest technologies, now more affordable, have stimulated growing interest and adoption by residential customers who see an opportunity for greater control of their energy consumption.

Navigant Research’s term for this emerging set of technologies is residential generation and storage (RGS). Solar PV panels are but one of those technologies altering the traditional residential power industry. New stationary and mobile electricity storage capabilities and enhanced energy management tools are also providing residential customers more options to control usage and lower costs. Residential combined heat and power (resCHP) systems represent another distributed generation (DG) technology customers might consider. These residential energy innovations and attractive financing mechanisms provide new choices for residential customers that heretofore were out of reach. Navigant Research forecasts that global RGS revenue will grow from $54.7 billion in 2013 to $71.6 billion in 2023.

This Navigant Research report examines the market for RGS technologies and discusses how they are reshaping the future residential power industry. The study analyzes the key market drivers and inhibitors influencing the market, as well as major technology issues. Global market forecasts, segmented by region and category – solar PV, energy storage, electric vehicles (EVs), and resCHP – extend through 2023. The report also provides profiles of established and new industry players and explores policy issues related to RGS technologies.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • What are the market forces shaping the residential generation and storage (RGS) market?
  • How large is the revenue opportunity in the global RGS market?
  • How does this opportunity vary among the four key segments: solar PV, energy storage, electric vehicles (EVs), and residential combined heat and power (resCHP)?
  • What technology issues are shaping the RGS market?
  • Who are some of the key players in the RGS space?
  • Which global regions will provide the most opportunities for RGS vendors?
Who needs this report?
  • Solar PV vendors
  • Energy storage vendors
  • Plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) vendors and suppliers
  • ResCHP vendors
  • Utilities
  • Government agencies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Introduction

1.2  Market Drivers

1.3  Market Inhibitors

1.4  Market Forecast

2. Market Issues

2.1  Overview

2.2  Utility Death Spiral?

2.3  Defining the Market

2.3.1   Market Drivers

2.3.2   Market Inhibitors

2.4  Residential Solar PV Generation

2.4.1   Trends

2.4.1.1  Solar PV Leasing Model

2.4.1.2  Net Metering, Value of Solar Tariff

2.4.1.3  Minnesota: Value of Solar Tariff

2.4.1.4  FITs

2.4.1.5  Federal Tax Credit to Be Reduced

2.4.2   Europe

2.4.3   Asia Pacific

2.4.4   Rest of World

2.5  Residential Energy Storage

2.5.1   California’s Storage Issue

2.5.2   Japan

2.5.3   New Zealand

2.6  EVs and the Grid

2.6.1   V2G

2.6.1.1  Current Market Stage

2.6.1.2  Regional Trends

2.6.1.3  V2G Trials and Pilots

2.6.2   V2H

2.6.3   Outlook

2.7  ResCHP

2.7.1   Definition

2.7.2   Key Market Drivers

2.7.3   Market Barriers

2.7.4   Regional Markets

2.7.4.1  Japan

2.7.4.2  South Korea

2.7.4.3  Germany

2.7.4.4  United Kingdom

2.7.4.5  ene.field Project

2.8  Energy Management at the Residential Level

2.9  Consumer Attitudes

2.9.1   Solar Favorability

2.9.2   EVs

2.9.3   U.K. Consumers

2.9.4   Conclusion

3. Technology Issues

3.1  Introduction

3.2  Solar PV Technology

3.2.1   Microinverters and AC Panels

3.2.2   DC Optimizers

3.3  Storage

3.3.1   Flow Batteries

3.3.2   Advanced Lead-Acid Batteries

3.3.3   Li-ion Batteries

3.3.3.1  Efficiency and Capacity

3.3.3.2  Cost Issues

3.4  EVs

3.4.1   Overview of EV Batteries

3.4.1.1  Regional Variations

3.4.1.2  Li-ion Batteries

3.5  ResCHP

3.5.1   Mechanical Systems

3.5.2   Fuel Cells

3.5.2.1  Fuel Cells for CHP

3.5.2.2  PEMFCs

3.5.2.3  SOFCs

4. Key Industry Players

4.1  Introduction

4.2  Solar PV Companies

4.2.1   Brightergy

4.2.2   Imagine Energy

4.2.3   SolarCity

4.2.4   SunPower

4.2.5   Sunverge

4.3  Storage Companies

4.3.1   LG Chem

4.3.2   Moixa

4.3.3   NEC

4.3.4   Toshiba

4.4  EVs

4.4.1   Ford

4.4.2   Mitsubishi Motors Corporation

4.5  ResCHP

4.5.1   E3/DC

4.5.2   BDR Thermea

4.5.3   Honda

4.5.4   Valliant

4.5.5   Viessmann Group

4.6  Utilities

4.6.1   NRG Energy

4.6.2   Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD)

4.7  Contributing Enterprises

4.7.1   CGI

4.7.2   EcoFactor

4.7.3   iControl Networks

4.7.4   Opower

4.7.5   Spirae      

5. Market Forecasts

5.1  Overview

5.2  Solar PV

5.3  Storage

5.4  EVs

5.5  ResCHP

5.6  Combined RGS Revenue

5.7  Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Total Residential Generation and Storage Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Distributed Solar PV System Prices (Non-Weighted Average) by Component, World Markets: 2006-2013
  • Average Electricity Prices for Residential Customers by Select Market, World Markets: 2006-2017Consumer Favorability for Solar Energy, United States: 2013
  • Consumer Favorability for Electric Cars, United States: 2013
  • Annual Residential Distributed Solar PV Installed Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Average Residential Distributed Solar PV Installed Price by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Annual Residential Distributed Solar PV Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023Grid-Tied Residential Energy Storage Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Grid-Tied Residential Energy Storage System Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Residential V2G-Enabled PEVs by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Residential V2G Infrastructure Installation Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Residential V2H Infrastructure Installations (DC) by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Residential V2H Infrastructure Installation Revenue (DC) by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • ResCHP Shipments by Region of Manufacture, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • ResCHP Revenue by Region of Manufacture, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Total Residential Generation and Storage Revenue by Category, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • U.S. States with Net Metering
  • Spirae’s DER Management System Topology
  • Rendering of Fuel Cell ResCHP Technology Undergoing Trials in ene.field Project

List of Tables

  • Distributed Solar PV System Prices (Non-Weighted Average) by Component, World Markets: 2006-2013
  • Average Electricity Prices for Residential Customers by Select Market, World Markets: 2006-2017
  • Annual Residential Distributed Solar PV Installed Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Average Residential Distributed Solar PV Installed Price by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Annual Residential Distributed Solar PV Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Grid-Tied Residential Energy Storage Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Grid-Tied Residential Energy Storage System Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Residential V2G-Enabled PEVs by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Residential V2G Infrastructure Installation Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Residential V2H Infrastructure Installations (DC) by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Residential V2H Infrastructure Installation Revenue (DC) by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • ResCHP Shipments by Region of Manufacture, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • ResCHP Revenue by Region of Manufacture, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Residential Distributed Generation and Storage Volumes by Category, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Total Residential Generation and Storage Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Total Residential Generation and Storage Revenue by Category, World Markets: 2013-2023
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Solar Photovoltaic Consumer Products http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/solar-photovoltaic-consumer-products http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/solar-photovoltaic-consumer-products#comments Tue, 20 May 2014 18:33:16 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=65264 Smart Energy
The market for solar photovoltaic (PV) consumer products has expanded significantly in recent years across a variety of industries, geographies, and applications. Off-grid solar lighting for base of the pyramid (BOP) markets, the leading solar PV consumer product segment, is transitioning from a humanitarian aspiration to big business. Platform companies have been established, investment is [...]]]>
Smart Energy

The market for solar photovoltaic (PV) consumer products has expanded significantly in recent years across a variety of industries, geographies, and applications. Off-grid solar lighting for base of the pyramid (BOP) markets, the leading solar PV consumer product segment, is transitioning from a humanitarian aspiration to big business. Platform companies have been established, investment is flowing, and companies are expanding, so opportunity is abounding. But so is risk and uncertainty, as operating in BOP markets presents unique challenges.

Current trends affecting the solar PV consumer product market include increased political pressure to eliminate the use of kerosene as a light source, solar PV module price reductions, efficient LED lighting advances, and the success of social enterprise business models. The ecosystem of companies, competitive products, and innovative financing mechanisms that has emerged offers great opportunity for reducing poverty and increasing profits. Pay-as-you-go (PAYG) services are gaining acceptance for both pico solar and solar home systems and have the potential to further accelerate industry growth during the next 10 years. Navigant Research forecasts that the global annual market for solar PV consumer products will grow from $550.5 million in 2014 to $2.4 billion in 2024.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the emerging global market for solar PV consumer products. It focuses on pico solar products and solar home systems (SHSs), but also analyzes growth opportunities and key players for solar PV generators and kits. The study examines the distinct market issues for each product type in both developed and developing countries, including drivers and barriers, business models, and pricing trends. Global market forecasts for unit sales, capacity, and revenue for pico solar, SHSs, and solar PV generators and kits, segmented by region, extend through 2024. The report also examines the major technologies related to solar PV consumer products and profiles the key players in this emerging industry.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • What countries are the strongest markets for solar PV consumer products?
  • How many pico solar products, solar home systems, and solar PV generators/kits are being sold in each region?
  • What are the most important trends affecting the sale of solar PV consumer products?
  • What are the growth opportunities for solar PV generators and kits?
  • What role will pay-as-you-go (PAYG) services play in the solar PV consumer product sector?
  • Which business models are enabling the deployment of solar PV consumer products?
  • Who are the key players in the off-grid solar lighting industry and which companies are raising investment?
Who needs this report?
  • Light-emitting diode (LED) manufacturers
  • Direct current (DC) appliance manufacturers
  • Bus and recreational vehicle (RV) vendors
  • Mobile money software platform developers
  • Telecom providers
  • Big box retailers
  • Government agencies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Introduction

1.2  Market Definition

1.3  Market Drivers

1.4  The Modern Off-Grid Solar Energy Service Company

1.5  Pico Solar Companies

1.6  Solar PV Consumer Product Forecasts

2. Market Issues

2.1  Market Definition

2.2  History and Key Locations for Pico Solar and SHS Markets

2.3  Market Drivers

2.3.1   Kerosene Displacement

2.3.2   Energy Access and Rural Electrification Programs

   2.3.2.1  Lighting Global

   2.3.2.2  Infrastructure Development Co. Ltd.’s Bangladesh Solar Home Systems Program

   2.3.2.3  Energy Sector Assistance Programme

   2.3.2.4  Other National Energy Access Initiatives

2.3.3   Social Enterprises and Business Model Development

   2.3.3.1  Distribution-Dealer Model

   2.3.3.2  Proprietary Distribution Channel Model

   2.3.3.3  Institutional Partnership Model

   2.3.3.4  Franchise Model

   2.3.3.5  Rental/Leasing Model

2.3.4   Mobile Phone Access, Mobile Money, and PAYG Business Models

2.3.5   Venture Investment and Corporate Entrants

2.4  Market Barriers

2.4.1   Poor-Quality Products

2.4.2   Fossil Fuel Subsidies

2.4.3   Access to Financing and Cash Flow Bottlenecks across the Value Chain

2.5  Solar PV Generators/Kits Market Overview

3. Technology Issues

3.1  Off-Grid Solar Lighting Product Typology

3.1.1   Technology Performance

3.2  Pico Solar Value Chain

3.3  Technology and Pricing Trends

3.3.1   Solar PV Price Declines

3.3.2   CFLs

3.3.3   LEDs

   3.3.3.1  LED Efficacy, Efficiency, and Coefficient of Utilization

   3.3.3.2  LED Cost Reductions

3.3.4   Batteries

4. Key Industry Players     

4.1  Pico Solar Companies

4.1.1   Barefoot Power

4.1.2   d.light design

4.1.3   Greenlight Planet

4.1.4   Nokero

4.1.5   Panasonic

4.1.6   Philips

4.1.7   SolarAid/SunnyMoney

4.2  SHS Companies

4.2.1   BBOXX

4.2.2   Fosera

4.2.3   Grameen Shakti

4.2.4   Rahimafrooz Renewable Energy Ltd./Rural Services Foundation

4.2.5   Schneider Electric

4.2.6   SELCO Solar Pvt. Ltd.

4.2.7   SolarNow

4.3  PAYG Solar Service Providers

4.3.1   Angaza Design

4.3.2   Azuri Technologies

4.3.3   M-KOPA Solar

4.3.4   Simpa Networks

4.4  Solar PV Generator/Kit Companies

4.4.1   Goal Zero

4.4.2   Grape Solar

5. Market Forecasts

5.1  Forecast Overview

5.1.1   Data Collection and Methodology

5.1.2   Forecast Assumptions

5.2  Pico Solar and SHS Forecasts

5.3  Pico Solar Forecast

5.3.1   North America

5.3.2   Europe

5.3.3   Asia Pacific

5.3.4   Latin America

5.3.5   Middle East

5.3.6   Africa

5.4  SHS Forecast

5.4.1   Asia Pacific

5.4.2   Latin America

5.4.3   Middle East

5.4.4   Africa

5.5  Solar PV Generator/Kit Forecast

5.6  Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Sample SHS Specifications, Bangladesh
  • Kerosene Prices by Country, World Markets: 2000-2012
  • Kerosene Lamp
  • BBOXX Energy Kiosk Business Diagram
  • Map of Mobile Money Service Providers: March 2014
  • Expansion of Mobile Phone Networks vs. Electricity Expansion Worldwide: 2000-2012
  • Sample Financing Method for Bangladesh SHSs
  • Solar Lighting Product Typology
  • Solar Lighting Product Matrix
  • Solar Lanterns Quality Matrix
  • SHS and Solar Lantern Prices in Select Asian Countries: 2010
  • Components of an LED
  • LED Costs by Component: 2011-2020
  • Battery Technology Options
  • Annual Pico Solar and Solar Home System Unit Sales by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Solar PV Module Average Selling Price, World Markets: 2011-2024
  • Estimated Grameen Shakti Solar Home System Sales, Bangladesh: 1997-2013
  • Annual Pico Solar and Solar Home System Unit Sales Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Annual Pico Solar Unit Sales by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Annual Pico Solar Unit Sales Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Annual Pico Solar Sales by Country, Asia Pacific: 2014-2024
  • Annual Pico Solar Sales by Country, Africa: 2014-2024
  • Annual Solar Home System Unit Sales by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Annual Solar Home System Unit Sales Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Annual Solar Home System Unit Sales by Country, Asia Pacific: 2014-2024
  • Annual Solar Home System Unit Sales by Country, Africa: 2014-2024
  • Annual Solar PV Generator/Kit Unit Sales by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Annual Solar PV Generator/Kit Unit Sales Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024

List of Tables

  • Off-Grid Rural Electrification Segments
  • Off-Grid Solar Lighting Unit Sales, Capacity, and Revenue by Select Country, World Markets: 2005-2013
  • Cumulative Off-Grid Solar Lighting Unit Sales by Select Country, World Markets: 2013
  • Cumulative Distribution of Off-Grid Solar Lighting Devices by Capacity, Key Markets: 2013
  • Unelectrified Population by Select Country/Region, World Markets: 2009 and 2030
  • Market Share of Quality Approved Pico Solar Lighting, Africa: 2009-2013
  • Typical Performance by Lighting Technology
  • SunnyMoney Cumulative Unit Sales by Country, Africa: 2013
  • Estimated Grameen Shakti Solar Home System Sales, Bangladesh: 1997-2013
  • Products Meeting Lighting Global Minimum Quality Standards
  • Annual Pico Solar and Solar Home System Unit Sales by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Annual Pico Solar and Solar Home System Unit Sales Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Annual Pico Solar and Solar Home System Sales Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Annual Pico Solar Unit Sales by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Annual Pico Solar Unit Sales Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Annual Pico Solar Sales Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Annual Solar Home System Unit Sales by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Annual Solar Home System Unit Sales Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Annual Solar Home System Sales Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Annual Solar PV Generator/Kit Unit Sales by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Annual Solar PV Generator/Kit Unit Sales Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Annual Solar PV Generator/Kit System Sales Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
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