Navigant Research » Smart Energy http://www.navigantresearch.com Fri, 18 Apr 2014 21:01:09 +0000 en-US hourly 1 http://wordpress.org/?v=3.8.1 Microgrids in Asia Pacific http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/microgrids-in-asia-pacific http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/microgrids-in-asia-pacific#comments Tue, 15 Apr 2014 19:50:59 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=64280 Smart Energy
In recent years, the Asia Pacific region has experienced particularly robust demand for microgrids due to economic development, electrification, and industrialization. These factors are directly related to the growing need for more electricity and the resulting development of renewable distributed energy generation (RDEG) and ultimately microgrids. As renewable energy capacity and electricity consumption continue to [...]]]>
Smart Energy

In recent years, the Asia Pacific region has experienced particularly robust demand for microgrids due to economic development, electrification, and industrialization. These factors are directly related to the growing need for more electricity and the resulting development of renewable distributed energy generation (RDEG) and ultimately microgrids. As renewable energy capacity and electricity consumption continue to rise, the number of microgrid projects deployed in Asia Pacific, both for electrification purposes and as experimental test beds, is also rising.

In emerging countries such as China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines, electricity has not been and still is not a commodity service for everyone. Inspired by demand from consumers and recent economic development, remote microgrids will show strong growth in these countries through 2023. Some of the developed nations, including Australia, Japan, Singapore, and South Korea, will pursue technology development and pilot projects in the next few years and then will deploy diverse applications, especially in the commercial/industrial, campus/institutional, and community/utility microgrid segments. Navigant Research forecasts that annual grid-tied and remote microgrid capacity in the nine select Asia Pacific countries will grow from 37.0 MW in 2013 to 597.3 MW in 2023.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the Asia Pacific market for microgrids in four key segments (commercial/industrial, community/utility, campus/institutional, and remote) and nine select countries (Australia, China, India, Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, and the Philippines). The study provides an analysis of the market issues, including case studies, opportunities, and challenges, associated with microgrids. Market forecasts for capacity and revenue, broken out by segment and country, extend through 2023. The report also examines the main technologies related to microgrids and profiles the key market players.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • How does the market environment for microgrids vary by country in Asia Pacific?
  • How do the requirements for microgrids differ among the developing and developed Asia Pacific nations?
  • What are the different microgrid applications and technologies being used in Asia Pacific?
  • What kinds of microgrid projects are being launched throughout Asia Pacific?
  • Why are remote microgrids lucrative in Asia Pacific?
  • Which companies and organizations are pushing the microgrid market forward in Asia Pacific?
Who needs this report?
  • Microgrid and smart grid technology companies
  • Microgrid project developers
  • Smart grid hardware and software providers
  • Large industrial power users
  • Government agencies
  • Military agencies
  • Non-governmental organizations
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Microgrids in Asia Pacific

1.2  Market Forecasts

2. Market Issues 

2.1  Opportunities and Challenges in Asia Pacific

2.1.1   Implementation Opportunities

2.1.2   Implementation Challenges

2.2  China

2.2.1   Market Environment

2.2.2   Driving Policy

2.2.3   Microgrid Needs

2.2.4   Current Status

2.2.5   Technology Scope

2.2.6   Case Studies in China

   2.2.6.1   Beiji Island, China

   2.2.6.2   Nanji Island, China

2.3  Japan

2.3.1   Market Environment

2.3.2   Commitment to Microgrids

2.3.3   Goals

2.3.4   Microgrid Concept

2.3.5   Case Studies in Japan

   2.3.5.1   Miyako Island

   2.3.5.2   Aomori Project

   2.3.5.3   NEDO’s Sendai Project

2.4  South Korea

2.4.1   Market Environment

2.4.2   Korea Electric Power Corp.

2.4.3   Perception of Microgrids

2.4.4   Case Studies in South Korea

   2.4.4.1   Kapa and Kasa Island, South Korea

2.5  Australia

2.6  India

2.7  Southeast Asia

3. Technology Issues   

3.1  Technology Overview

3.2  DG Technologies

3.2.1   Diesel Generators

3.2.2   CHP

3.2.3   Solar PV

3.2.4   Distributed Wind

3.2.5   Fuel Cells

3.2.6   Biomass

3.2.7   Hydroelectricity

3.3  Electric Load Management Technologies

3.3.1   Smart Meters

3.3.2   DR 29

3.3.3   Secondary Load Controllers

3.3.4   DC Alternatives

3.4  Smart Inverters

3.5  Energy Storage

3.5.1   Lead-Acid Batteries

3.5.2   NaS Batteries

3.5.3   Flow Batteries

3.5.4   Li-ion Batteries

3.6  EV Charging

4. Key Industry Players 

4.1  Overview

4.1.1   ABB

4.1.2   Fuji Electric

4.1.3   GE Digital Energy

4.1.4   Hitachi

4.1.5   KT Corp.

4.1.6   LG CNS

4.1.7   Meidensha

4.1.8   Optimal Power Solutions

4.1.9   POSCO ICT

4.1.10     Sacred Sun

4.1.11     Samsung C&T Corp.

4.1.12     Sunfine

4.1.13     Toshiba

5. Market Forecasts   

5.1  Forecast Methodology

5.2  Microgrid Capacity

5.3  Total Microgrid Capacity by Segment

5.4  Microgrid Vendor Revenue

5.5  Country-Level Forecasts

5.6  Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Annual Grid-Tied and Remote Microgrid Capacity by Select Country, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Total Annual Microgrid Capacity, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Total Annual Microgrid Capacity by Segment, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Total Annual Microgrid Vendor Revenue by Segment, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Annual Grid-Tied Microgrid Capacity by Select Country, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Annual Remote Microgrid Capacity by Select Country, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Annual Grid-Tied and Remote Microgrid Revenue by Select Country, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Microgrids in Beiji Island, China
  • Microgrid in Miyakojima, Japan
  • Microgrid Configuration in Aomori Project
  • Microgrid Configuration in Sendai Project
  • Power Class Performance in Sendai DC Microgrid Project
  • Microgrids Test Bed System Configuration by KEPCO
  • K-MEG Microgrid Concept
  • Microgrid on Kapa Island, South Korea
  • Microgrid Projects in Kyushu and Okinawa Islands in Japan
  • ESSs Installed in Palgum Island by POSCO ICT
  • Microgrid and K-MEG Technology Development Scope by Samsung C&T

List of Tables

  • Total Annual Microgrid Capacity by Segment, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Total Annual Microgrid Vendor Revenue by Segment, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Annual Grid-Tied Microgrid Capacity by Select Country, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Annual Remote Microgrid Capacity by Select Country, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Annual Grid-Tied and Remote Microgrid Capacity by Select Country, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Annual Grid-Tied Microgrid Revenue by Select Country, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Annual Remote Microgrid Revenue by Select Country, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Annual Grid-Tied and Remote Microgrid Revenue by Select Country, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
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Microgrid Deployment Tracker 2Q14 http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/microgrid-deployment-tracker-2q14 http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/microgrid-deployment-tracker-2q14#comments Wed, 02 Apr 2014 17:36:24 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=63898 Smart Energy
This seventh edition of the Microgrid Deployment Tracker reveals a global microgrid market that continues to become increasingly robust. Navigant Research’s focus in this update is primarily on the remote, off-grid segment, which represents the best overall value proposition for the microgrid platform today. Although most microgrids are still retrofit projects that assemble existing assets [...]]]>
Smart Energy

This seventh edition of the Microgrid Deployment Tracker reveals a global microgrid market that continues to become increasingly robust. Navigant Research’s focus in this update is primarily on the remote, off-grid segment, which represents the best overall value proposition for the microgrid platform today. Although most microgrids are still retrofit projects that assemble existing assets to enable legacy technology to communicate with new technology, they are beginning to move more into the mainstream. Around the world, new vendors continue to enter this space with new projects and approaches.

As of 2Q 2014, Navigant Research has identified a total of 4,393 MW of total microgrid capacity throughout the world, up from 4,148 MW in the previous update in 4Q 2013. The 2Q 2014 Microgrid Deployment Tracker again reinforces the premise that North America is the world’s most fertile environment for microgrids due to the declining reliability of its distribution grid. The region is still the world’s leading market for microgrids with a planned, proposed, and deployed capacity of 2,874 MW, which represents roughly 66% of the global microgrid market. North America also leads the world in terms of microgrids currently under development or in the proposal process with a capacity market share of 67%.

This Navigant Research report tracks data on known grid-tied and remote microgrid projects in the proposal, planning, and deployed stages in six principal geographies, including details on the various technologies employed in individual projects. The report covers six microgrid segments: commercial/industrial, community/utility, institutional/campus, military, remote systems, and direct current (DC) systems. Specific information is provided on the capacity of the following generation assets: diesel, combined heat and power (CHP), solar PV, wind, and fuel cells. The Tracker also details the rated capacity, duration, and types of energy storage for each project and breaks out data by world region and microgrid segment.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • Which microgrid segments are gaining the most market traction?
  • Which regions of the world have the most microgrids already in operation?
  • What types of generation resources have been and are being deployed in microgrids?
  • Which companies are currently developing microgrids – and where?
  • What is the relative scale of microgrids being deployed in both the remote and grid-tied market segments?
Who needs this report?
  • Microgrid developers and integrators
  • Distribution utilities
  • Microgrid system controller vendors
  • Distributed generation vendors
  • Energy storage manufacturers
  • Academic and research organizations
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Introduction to Navigant Research’s Microgrid Deployment Tracker

1.2  New Findings and Insights

2. Methodology and Data Insights

2.1  Methodology

2.2  Segmentation Rationale

2.3  Important Caveats Regarding the Microgrid Deployment Tracker 

2.4  More 2Q 2014 Update Insights on Segments and Geography

3. Acronym and Abbreviation List
4. Table of Contents
5. Table of Charts and Figures
6. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology

List of Charts and Figures

  • Total Microgrid Capacity Market Share by Region, World Markets: 2Q 2014
  • Total Microgrid Capacity Market Share by Segment, World Markets: 2Q 2014
  • Total Capacity Market Share of Microgrids in Operation by Segment, World Markets: 2Q 2014
  • Current Operating Microgrid Capacity Market Share by Region, World Markets: 2Q 2014
  • Planned/Proposed Microgrid Capacity Market Share by Region, World Markets: 2Q 2014

List of Tables

  • Microgrid Projects, North America: 2Q 2014
  • Microgrid Projects, Europe: 2Q 2014
  • Microgrid Projects, Asia Pacific: 2Q 2014
  • Microgrid Projects, Latin America: 2Q 2014
  • Microgrid Projects, Middle East & Africa: 2Q 2014
  • Microgrid Projects, Antarctica: 2Q 2014
  • Microgrid Projects, Commercial/Industrial Segment: 2Q 2014
  • Microgrid Projects, Community/Utility Segment: 2Q 2014
  • Microgrid Projects, Institutional/Campus Segment: 2Q 2014
  • Microgrid Projects, Military Segment: 2Q 2014
  • Microgrid Projects, Remote Systems Segment: 2Q 2014
  • Microgrid Projects, Direct Current Systems Segment: 2Q 2014
  • Microgrid Projects, All Regions, All Segments: 2Q 2014
  • Total Microgrid Capacity by Region, World Markets: 4Q 2013 and 2Q 2014
  • Total Number of Microgrid Projects by Region, World Markets: 4Q 2013 and 2Q 2014
  • Total Microgrid Capacity by Segment, World Markets: 4Q 2013 and 2Q 2014
  • Total Number of Microgrid Projects by Segment, World Markets: 4Q 2013 and 2Q 2014
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Electric Vehicle Batteries http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/electric-vehicle-batteries http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/electric-vehicle-batteries#comments Mon, 31 Mar 2014 18:54:59 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=63762 Energy StorageSmart Energy
Global automotive manufacturers are accelerating their efforts to produce more vehicles utilizing electric drivetrains. Many factors are contributing to this trend, including newly enacted fuel economy standards, greater confidence in electric-powered vehicles, and advances in battery technology. In 2012, Toyota launched the Plug-in Prius, powered for the first time with lithium ion (Li-ion) batteries. This [...]]]>
Energy StorageSmart Energy

Global automotive manufacturers are accelerating their efforts to produce more vehicles utilizing electric drivetrains. Many factors are contributing to this trend, including newly enacted fuel economy standards, greater confidence in electric-powered vehicles, and advances in battery technology. In 2012, Toyota launched the Plug-in Prius, powered for the first time with lithium ion (Li-ion) batteries. This shift from the well-established nickel-metal hydride (NiMH) batteries to Li-ion represented a major endorsement of the ability of this chemistry to perform consistently in an automotive environment. Since then, most of the other major OEMs have introduced battery electric vehicle (BEV) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) models, almost all of which use Li-ion batteries for onboard energy storage.

The immediate future looks to be secure for the Li-ion chemistry, though there are still many variants under development to improve performance and reduce cost. Improvements continue to be made and leading battery cell manufacturers have built new factories utilizing the latest production techniques, including greater automation and faster throughput. Navigant Research forecasts that the global market for Li-ion batteries in light duty consumer vehicles will grow from $3.2 billion in 2013 to $24.1 billion in 2023.

This Navigant Research report provides a detailed examination of the growing market for Li-ion batteries, including profiles of the leading Li-ion battery manufacturers and systems integrators. The study assesses the relative sizes of the battery markets for different vehicle types, as well as vehicle roadmaps and projected sales for BEVs, PHEVs, and hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). Global market forecasts for revenue from Li-ion batteries, segmented by vehicle type and region, extend through 2023. The report also includes a review of the different Li-ion battery chemistries and competing energy storage technologies, such as ultracapacitors and NiMH batteries.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • Have lithium ion (Li-ion) batteries become the industry standard for electric vehicles (EVs)?
  • Who are the leading Li-ion battery manufacturers?
  • Which key joint venture companies are working with OEMs and battery manufacturers?
  • What are the different chemistries in the EV battery market?
  • How will the cost per kilowatt-hour for Li-ion batteries change in the next several years?
  • Which vehicle segment offers the best opportunities for battery manufacturers?
  • What are the vehicle roadmaps for battery, plug-in hybrid, and hybrid electric vehicles (BEVs, PHEVs, and HEVs) through 2023?
  • What are the forecasts for revenue from Li-ion batteries through 2023?
Who needs this report?
  • Vehicle manufacturers
  • Vehicle fleet managers
  • Automotive industry suppliers
  • Battery suppliers
  • Government agencies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  The Electric Vehicle Market

1.2  Energy Storage for EVs

1.3  Automotive Li-ion Battery Volume

1.4  World Market Highlights

2. Market Issues

2.1  Introduction

2.2  Advanced Batteries for the Transportation Market

2.3  Market Size and Segmentation

2.3.1   BEVs

2.3.2   PHEVs

2.3.3   HEVs

2.3.4   Stop-Start Vehicles

2.3.5   Commercial Vehicles

2.4  Power and Energy Requirements

2.5  Industry Growth Drivers

2.5.1   Emissions Reductions

2.5.2   Government Incentives

2.5.2.1  United States

2.5.2.2  Europe

2.5.2.3  China

2.5.2.4  Japan

2.5.2.5  South Korea

2.5.2.6  India

2.6  Different Finance Models

2.7  Battery Swapping

2.8  Grid Applications

2.8.1   Secondary Use of Batteries

2.8.2   Vehicle-to-Grid Power Delivery

2.9  Early Fleet Adopters of HEVs and PEVs

2.9.1   North America

2.9.2   China

2.9.3   Utilities

2.10   Transitioning from Early Adopters to Mainstream

2.10.1    Sensitivity to Fuel Prices

2.10.2    Ease of Purchase

2.10.3    Reliability

2.10.4    Resale Value

2.10.5    Limited Driving Range

2.11   Marketing and Commercialization

2.12   Value Chain of the Li-ion Battery Industry

2.12.1   Raw Materials

2.12.2   Cell Components and Electronics

2.12.3    Integrated Systems: Cell and Pack Manufacturers

2.12.4    Battery Manufacturer and OEM Joint Ventures

2.12.5    Materials Recycling

2.13   Requirements for Commercialization

2.13.1    Cost

2.13.2    Capacity

2.13.3    Weight and Size

2.13.4    Charge Rate

2.13.5    Performance

3. Technology Issues

3.1  Competing Energy Storage Technologies

3.1.1   Ultracapacitors

3.1.2   NiMH Batteries

3.1.3   Li-ion Batteries

3.1.4   Strengths and Weaknesses

3.2  Li-ion Batteries in Detail

3.2.1   Li-ion Battery Components

3.3  Competing Technologies in Development

3.3.1   Lithium-Air

3.3.2   Lithium Sulfur

3.3.3   Solid-State

3.4  Access to Lithium

3.5  Safety and Implementation

3.5.1   Battery Charging Levels

3.5.2   DC Fast Charging

3.5.3   Sensitivity to Temperature

4. Key Industry Players

4.1  Introduction

4.2  Battery Cell Manufacturers

4.2.1   A123 Systems

4.2.2   Altair Nanotechnologies

4.2.3   Boston-Power, Inc.

4.2.4   BYD

4.2.5   Electrovaya

4.2.6   GS Yuasa

4.2.7   Hitachi Automotive Systems

4.2.8   Johnson Controls

4.2.9   LG Chem/Compact Power

4.2.10  NEC

4.2.11  Panasonic

4.2.12  Samsung SDI

4.2.13  Toshiba

4.3  Battery Pack System Integrators

4.3.1   Automotive Energy Supply Corporation

4.3.2   Blue Energy

4.3.3   Deutsche ACCUmotive

4.3.4   Lithium Energy & Power GmbH

4.3.5   Magna E-Car

4.3.6   Primearth EV Energy Co.

4.3.7   Robert Bosch Battery Systems

4.3.8   SK Continental E-motion

4.4  Automotive Manufacturers

4.4.1   BMW

4.4.2   Chery

4.4.3   Daimler

4.4.4   Fiat Chrysler

4.4.5   Ford

4.4.6   General Motors

4.4.7   Honda

4.4.8   Hyundai

4.4.9   Mazda

4.4.10  Mitsubishi

4.4.11  Nissan

4.4.12  PSA Peugeot-Citroën

4.4.13  Renault

4.4.14  Tesla

4.4.15  Toyota

4.4.16  Volkswagen/Audi

4.4.17  Volvo

4.4.18  ZAP

4.5  Other Industry Players

4.5.1   China BAK Battery

4.5.2   XALT Energy

5. Market Forecasts

5.1  Introduction

5.2  Global EV Market

5.3  Li-ion Transportation Battery Market in the BEV Segment

5.4  Li-ion Transportation Battery Market in the PHEV Segment

5.5  Li-ion Transportation Battery Market in the HEV Segment

5.6  Li-ion Transportation Battery Market in the SSV Segment

5.7  Overall Market Assessment

5.8  Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Total Li-ion Vehicle Battery Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer BEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer PHEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer HEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Commercial Fleet BEV, PHEV, and HEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer BEV, PHEV, and HEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer BEV Li-ion Battery Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer BEV Li-ion Battery Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer PHEV Li-ion Battery Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer PHEV Li-ion Battery Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer HEV Li-ion Battery Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer HEV Li-ion Battery Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty SSV Li-ion Battery Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Stop-Start Vehicle Li-ion Battery Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Total Light Duty Consumer Vehicle Li-ion Battery Revenue by Powertrain Type, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Total Vehicle Li-ion Battery Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023

List of Tables

  • Vehicle Battery Capacities by Selected HEV and PEV Models: 2014
  • Installed New Capacity of Li-ion Batteries for Energy Storage Applications, World Markets: 2014-2022
  • Estimated Component Costs, 25 kWh LMO Battery Pack, World Markets: 2014
  • Production of Passenger PHEVs and BEVs by Make and Model, World Markets: MY 2014
  • Roadmap of Passenger PHEVs and BEVS by Model: 2015 and Beyond
  • Selected Hybrid Trucks Available by Manufacturer, World Markets: 2013
  • Selected PHEV Trucks Available or Being Developed by Drivetrain Manufacturer, World Markets: 2014
  • Selected BEV Trucks Available or Being Developed by Drivetrain Manufacturer, World Markets: 2013
  • Selected PHEV and BEV Trucks in Service or Pending Deployment by Location, World Markets: 2013
  • U.S. DOE Stimulus Grants for Battery Manufacturing by Company: 2014
  • Energy Storage Type Comparison: 2014
  • Characteristics of Commercial Ultracapacitors by Manufacturer: 2012
  • Characteristics of NiMH Batteries in Vehicle Applications by Battery Maker: 2012
  • Light Duty Consumer BEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer PHEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer HEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer BEV, PHEV, and HEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Commercial Fleet BEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Commercial Fleet PHEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Commercial Fleet HEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Commercial Fleet BEV, PHEV, and HEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer BEV Li-ion Battery Sales Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer PHEV Li-ion Battery Sales Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer HEV Li-ion Battery Sales Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer Vehicle Li-ion Battery Sales Revenue Including SSVs by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Commercial Fleet Vehicle Li-ion Battery Sales Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Commercial Fleet Vehicle Li-ion Battery Sales Revenue Percentage of Total by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Commercial Fleet Vehicle Li-ion Battery Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer BEV Li-ion Transportation Battery Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer BEV Li-ion Transportation Battery Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer PHEV Li-ion Transportation Battery Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer PHEV Li-ion Transportation Battery Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer HEV Li-ion Transportation Battery Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer HEV Li-ion Transportation Battery Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Total Light Duty Consumer Vehicle Li-ion Battery Revenue Including SSVs by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Total Light Duty Consumer Vehicle Li-ion Battery Capacity Including SSVs by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Total Light Duty Consumer Vehicle Li-ion Battery Revenue by Powertrain Type, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Total Light Duty Consumer Vehicle Li-ion Battery Revenue by Powertrain Type, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Total Vehicle Li-ion Battery Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Energy Storage Technology Strengths and Weaknesses
  • Ranking of Li-ion Technology Options by Property: 2014
  • Total Vehicle Li-ion Battery Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Total Light Duty Consumer Vehicle Li-ion Battery Capacity by Powertrain Type, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Characteristics of Li-ion Battery Chemistries
  • Adoption of Li-ion Battery Chemistry by Battery Vendor and Vehicle OEM
  • Li-ion Battery Components, Functions, and Materials
  • Major Cathode Chemistries for Li-ion Batteries: 2014
  • Key EV Battery Player Map: 2014
  • Vehicle Battery Details by Selected HEV and PEV Models: 2014
  • Li-ion Battery Price by Battery Type, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Vehicle Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Medium/Heavy Duty Vehicle Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty SSV Li-ion Battery Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty SSV Li-ion Transportation Battery Energy Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Total Light Duty Consumer Vehicle Li-ion Battery Capacity Percentage by Powertrain Type, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty SSV Li-ion Battery Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Annual Growth in Total Light Duty SSV Li-ion Battery Sales by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty SSV Li-ion Battery Revenue by Country, World Markets: 2013-2023
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World Market Update 2013 http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/world-market-update-2013 http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/world-market-update-2013#comments Wed, 26 Mar 2014 03:43:35 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=63660 Smart Energy
The BTM wind report, World Market Update 2013, published by Navigant Research, is the 19th edition of this annual wind energy market report. The report includes more than 70 tables, charts and graphs illustrating global wind market development, as well as an on- and off-shore wind market forecast for 2014-2018 and predictions for the wind [...]]]>
Smart Energy

The BTM wind report, World Market Update 2013, published by Navigant Research, is the 19th edition of this annual wind energy market report. The report includes more than 70 tables, charts and graphs illustrating global wind market development, as well as an on- and off-shore wind market forecast for 2014-2018 and predictions for the wind market through 2023.

World Market Update 2013 includes a full chapter dedicated to the global onshore wind operation and maintenance market. Research underlying this chapter of the report discloses that more than 314 GW of onshore wind requiring service and maintenance was installed by the end of 2013, representing 98% of global wind turbine installations. At least 100 GW of that total is now out of warranty, with responsibility for operations and maintenance (O&M) falling to the owners. Demand for O&M services from original wind equipment manufacturers (OEMs) and independent service providers (ISPs) is expected to grow at by 40 GW a year from 2013 onward, representing a significant wind power business separate from that of constructing wind farms. Leveraging the BTM-Navigant historical data, a special chapter in this year’s World Market Update quantifies the O&M market, estimates its value, describes the choice between OEM and ISP, reviews current onshore O&M strategies, examines contract models and provides an overview of trends and challenges.

Highlights of this report include:
  • Global installation in 2013 of 36.13 GW
  • Vestas recaptures the No.1 position after it lost its leading position to GE Wind in 2012.
  • China regains its title as the world’s largest annual market with 16,088 MW of new wind power installed in 2013
  • Offshore wind grows over 50% annually in 2013 and lines up for steady growth in Europe
  • Direct drive turbines take 28.1% of the global market even as traditional DFIG regains popularity
  • Goldwind’s GW1.5 MW was the most frequently installed wind turbine in 2013
  • Wind power will deliver at least 2.87% of the world’s electricity in 2014, growing to 7.28% in 2018
  • Wind power capacity installations in 2014 are expected to rebound with 29.6% growth

Table of Contents

1.  Preface
2.  Executive Summary

3.  Introduction

3.1   Methodology

3.2   Sources

3.3   Significant Events in the Wind Industry: 2013

3.3.1   Company News

3.3.2   Selected Political Events

4.  Market Development 2013 – Demand Side

4.1   Global Installation Streak Falters in 2013

4.2   Market Status of Wind Power Market by Country by End of 2013

4.2.1   Americas

4.2.2   Europe

4.2.3   South and East Asia

4.2.4   OECD Pacific Region

4.2.5   Rest of the World

4.3   The Offshore Wind Market in 2013

4.4   Overview of Global Wind Turbine Fleet

4.5   The Top 10 Markets in the World

4.6   Commercial MW Technology in the Market

4.6.1   Larger Onshore Wind Turbines

4.6.2   Multi-Megawatt Offshore Wind Turbines

4.6.3   The Direct Drive Concept

5.  Market Development 2013 – Supply Side

5.1   Accounting Methodology and Standardization

5.2   China Leads Top 15 and Takes Second Place in 2013 Ranking

5.3   Positives and Negatives in Reliance on Domestic Market

5.4   Trends in the Competitive Market

5.5   Offshore Market Boosts Growth in Sales of Multi-Megawatt-Scale Turbines

6.  Wind Power Plant Owners

6.1   Institutional investors Join and Add to Diversification of Wind Asset Ownership

6.2   China and New Markets Hot Spots of Activity as Old Markets Struggle with Economic Recession

6.3   Chinese Utilities Continue to Move up the Top 15 Wind Asset Owners Rankings

6.4   Tough Market Conditions Forced Major Owners to Optimize Assets and Pipeline

6.5   Large Wind Power Investors with Growth Potential

6.6   New Entrants, Cash-Rich Investors Seize Opportunities in Tough Economic Times

7.  Forecast and Estimates

7.1   5-Year Market Forecast for 9% Growth to 2018

7.2   Commentary by Country and Regions

7.2.1   American Continent

7.2.2   Europe

7.2.3   Other European Countries with Strong Forecasts through 2018

7.2.4   Asia Pacific

7.2.5   Africa

7.2.6   Central Asia and the Middle East

7.3   Economic Value of Global Wind Market to 2018 Forecast at €343 Billion

7.4   Emerging Markets on Steady Course for Growth

7.5   Offshore Wind Will Make up a Sizable Portion of Global Wind Market by 2018

7.5.1   Offshore Wind Market Outlook by Country: 2014-2018

7.5.2   Challenges Remain in the Offshore Wind Industry for 2014-2023

7.6   Expectations and Predictions for Development: 2019-2023

7.6.1   Trends Supporting the Wind Growth Prediction

7.7   Geopolitical Issues: Slow Progress on Climate Change Policies Limits Drivers for Wind

7.7.1   UN Climate Negotiations and the Kyoto Protocol

7.7.2   European Energy Policy and Regulation

8.  Penetration of Wind Power Electricity and Wind Market Structures

8.1   Methodology and Assumptions

8.2   Strong Relative Growth of Wind Contribution to Global Electricity Supply

8.3   Radical Changes to Wind Market Structures Create Climate of Uncertainty

9.  Special Theme:  Global Onshore Wind Operations and Maintenance Market

9.1   Introduction

9.1.1   Historic Perspective

9.1.2   Current Market Status and Opportunities

9.1.3   Definitions and Terminology

9.1.4   Methodology

9.2   Size of Global Onshore O&M Market and Its Value

9.2.1   Charted Growth and Current Size of Onshore O&M Market: 1995-2013

9.2.2   Segmentation of Global Onshore O&M Market by Wind Turbine Size

9.2.3   Segmentation of Global Onshore O&M Market by Wind Turbine OEM in Selected Size Classes

9.2.4   Projected Growth of Onshore Wind O&M Market: 2013-2023

9.2.5   Value of the Global Market for Wind Turbine Service and Maintenance

9.2.6   Overview of Global O&M Market and Selected Service and Maintenance Providers

9.3   Strategies for Onshore Wind O&M Post Warranty Expiry

9.3.1   Diversity of Owners Requires Flexible Solutions

9.3.2   Reactive, Corrective, Preventive, Predictive

9.3.3   Condition Monitoring and Data Handling

9.3.4   Risk-Based Maintenance and Reliability-Centred Maintenance

9.3.5   Spare Parts and Logistics

9.3.6   Component Upgrades and Refurbishment

9.3.7   Health and Safety

9.4   Onshore Wind O&M Contract Models

9.4.1   Selection of O&M Provider

9.4.2   Warranty Contract

9.4.3   Full Service Contract

9.4.4   Hybrid Contract

9.4.5   Basic Contracts

9.5   Trends and Challenges in Onshore Wind Operations and Maintenance

9.5.1   The ISP Challenge

9.5.2   Bolt-Ons from Entrepreneurial Start-Ups

9.5.3   Advances in Control Systems

9.5.4   More Meaningful SCADA

9.5.5   Coupling of Technical Operation with Commercial Operation

9.5.6   Systemised Knowledge Sharing

9.6   Conclusion: A Market with good Visibility Served by an Industry in its Infancy

10.  Appendix A: Profiles of Leading Wind Turbine Manufacturers
11.  Appendix B: Profiles of Major Sub-Suppliers
12.  Appendix C: Profiles of Major Wind Project Developers/Owners
13.  Acronym and Technical Units
14.  Table of Contents
15.  Table of Charts and Figures
16.  Index
17.  Sources and Methodology

List of Figures

  • Top 10 Wind Turbine Suppliers Globally: 2013
  • Annual Wind Power Development: 2014-2018
  • Annual and Cumulative Global Wind Energy Development: 1983-2013
  • Total Installed Wind Power Capacity: End of 2007, 2010, and 2013
  • Typical Onshore Wind Turbine Development Timeline
  • Top 10 Suppliers: 2013
  • Change in Market Share: 2012-2013
  • Global Footprint of Top 10 Wind Turbine Manufacturers: 2013
  • Market Share of Major Utilities and IPPs
  • Cumulative Installed Capacity by Region at the End of 2013 and by 2018
  • Forecast of Annual Installation: 2014-2018
  • Expected World Market: 2013-2018
  • Annual Global Wind Power Development Forecast: 1990-2013 and 2018-2023
  • Prediction for Cumulative Installed Wind Capacity: 2018 and 2023
  • Cumulative Wind Power Development to 2023
  • EUA Emissions Credits (€): 3Q 2010-1Q 2014
  • Growth of Global Onshore Wind Market for O&M, in Warranty and Off Warranty: 1995-2013
  • Global Onshore Market for O&M by Wind Turbine Size Class: 1995-2013
  • Global Onshore Market for O&M by Wind Turbine Size Class: 1995-2013 (Number of Units)
  • Breakdown of OEMs in the 750 kW to 999 kW Turbine Size Group of the Global O&M Market
  • Breakdown of OEMs in the 1,301-1,500 kW Turbine Size Group of the Global O&M Market
  • Breakdown of OEMs in the 1.5 MW to 2.5 MW Turbine Size Group of the Global O&M Market
  • Growth of Global Onshore Wind Market for O&M, in Warranty and off Warranty: 2013-2023
  • Projected Value of the Out-of-Warranty Onshore Market for Wind Turbine O&M: 2013-2023
  • Broad Contract Models for O&M Applicable to Different Periods of a Wind Plant Lifespan
  • Typical Modules Offered by Service Providers for Flexible Packaging of O&M

List of Tables

  • Wind Power Development, World Markets: 2013
  • World Market Growth Rates: 2008-2013
  • Global Installed Capacity: 2012 and 2013
  • Installed Capacity, Americas: 2012 and 2013
  • Installed Capacity, Asia: 2012 and 2013
  • Installed Capacity, Rest of World: 2012 and 2013
  • Installed Capacity, Europe: 2012 and 2013
  • Global Installed Offshore Wind Power: 2012-2013
  • Global Offshore Wind Test Sites
  • Global Operating Wind Farms: End of 2013
  • Offshore Wind Farms under Construction: End of 2013
  • Wind Turbines Worldwide: End of 2013
  • Average Size Wind Turbine (kW) Installed: 2008-2013
  • Average Size Wind Turbine (kW), Cumulative Installation: 2008-2013
  • Top 10 Markets by Annual Installed MW: End of 2013
  • 10 Largest Markets by Cumulative MW: End of 2013
  • Growth Rates in the Top 10 Markets: End of 2013
  • Selected MW Class of Onshore Wind Turbines in the Market
  • Selected MW Class of Onshore Wind Turbines in the Market (Continued)
  • Selected MW Class of Offshore Wind Turbines in the Market
  • Top 10 Suppliers: 2013
  • Five Next Suppliers in Line: 2013
  • Leading Suppliers in Top 10 Markets: 2013
  • Share of Supplied MW by Top 10 Wind Turbine Suppliers
  • Market Shares: 2011-2013
  • Wind Turbine Size Classes by Market Share: 2011-2013
  • Wind Turbine Size Classes by Market Share: 2013
  • Leading Suppliers in the Four Wind Turbine Size Classes: 2013
  • Leading Suppliers in the 1.5-Plus Megawatt Size Class: 2013
  • Leading Suppliers in the Multi-Megawatt Size Class: 2013
  • Leading Utility and IPP Wind Farm Owner-Operators
  • Potential Major Wind Farm Owner-Operators/Developers
  • Forecast for Global Wind Power Development: 2014-2018
  • Forecast for Wind Power Development, American Continent: 2014-2018
  • Forecast for Wind Power Development, Asia: 2014-2018
  • Forecast for Wind Power Development, Rest of World: 2014-2018
  • Forecast for Wind Power Development, Europe: 2014-2018
  • Offshore Wind Power Development: 2014-2018
  • Wind Force 12 Actual Development
  • Renewable Energy Targets for EU States under the 20% by 2020 Policy
  • Penetration Rate of Wind Power in Select Countries
  • Estimate of Electricity from 2013 Wind Power Capacity by Country
  • Growth of Wind Power Compared to Worldwide Electricity Generation
  • Contribution of Wind Power to Worldwide Electricity Generation
  • Wind Incentives in Select Countries
  • Selected OEMs Offering O&M Services
  • Selected Independent Service Providers and Specialties
  • Core Strategy Focus of Different Types of Owner
  • Disadvantages and Advantages of Different Types of Service Providers
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Nanogrids http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/nanogrids http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/nanogrids#comments Thu, 20 Mar 2014 15:11:22 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=63404 Smart Energy
Nanogrids are modular building blocks for energy services that support applications ranging from emergency power for commercial buildings to the provision of basic electricity services for people living in extreme poverty. In many ways, nanogrids are just small microgrids, typically serving a single building or a single load. Because of the simplicity, the technology requirements [...]]]>
Smart Energy

Nanogrids are modular building blocks for energy services that support applications ranging from emergency power for commercial buildings to the provision of basic electricity services for people living in extreme poverty. In many ways, nanogrids are just small microgrids, typically serving a single building or a single load. Because of the simplicity, the technology requirements for nanogrids are less complex (in most cases) than those for either microgrids or the utility-dominated smart grid.

Ironically, nanogrids are big business. While microgrids exhibit exponential growth and share synergistic properties with many nanogrid segments, substantial deployments of nanogrids are already in place. This is because they actually face less technical and regulatory barriers than their microgrid counterparts. Nanogrids can be synergistic with the growing movement toward enhancing resiliency and therefore complement microgrids, but there are times and situations when microgrids and nanogrids will be competing for the same customers. Despite the small scale of nanogrid solutions, a number of familiar names are active in these nanogrid markets, among them Bosch, Eaton, Emerson Network Power, Johnson Controls, and NRG Energy. Navigant Research forecasts that global nanogrid vendor revenue will grow from $37.8 billion in 2014 to $59.5 billion in 2023.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the emerging global market for nanogrids, with special emphasis on contrasting nanogrids with microgrids. The study provides an analysis of the market issues, including business cases and implementation challenges, associated with nanogrids. Global market forecasts for capacity and revenue, broken out by subsegment and region, extend through 2023. The report also examines the key technologies related to nanogrids, as well as the competitive landscape.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • What is a nanogrid and how does it differ from a microgrid?
  • What are the key nanogrid segments and which ones are the most mature markets?
  • Which vendors are most active in the nanogrid space?
  • When do nanogrids complement microgrid deployments?
  • When do nanogrids compete with microgrids?
  • Which regions of the world are nanogrid hot spots and why?
  • Why are nanogrid markets so much larger than microgrid markets in both grid-tied and remote applications?
Who needs this report?
  • Smart grid hardware vendors
  • Grid optimization software innovators
  • Solar PV and other distributed generation suppliers
  • Advanced energy storage manufacturers
  • Demand response purveyors
  • Government agencies and regulators
  • Non-governmental organizations
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Nanogrid Market Overview

1.2  Market Forecasts

2. Market Issues 

2.1  Mapping the Nanogrid Universe

2.1.1   Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Definition

2.1.2   Ethernet Alliance Vision

2.1.3   Intel’s USB Drives

2.1.4   Navigant Research Definition

   2.1.4.1  Nanogrids versus Microgrids

   2.1.4.2  Nanogrids Matter

2.2  Business Case for Nanogrids

2.2.1   Grid-Tied Nanogrids

2.2.2   Remote Nanogrids

2.2.3   AC Nanogrids

2.2.4   DC Nanogrids

2.3  Nanogrid Market Subsegment Landscape

2.3.1   Commercial Grid-Tied Nanogrids

2.3.2   Residential Grid-Tied Nanogrids

   2.3.2.1  Case Study: OutBack Power Nanogrid in Snohomish, Washington

2.3.3   Remote Residential Nanogrids

2.3.4   Remote Commercial Nanogrids

2.3.5   Mobile Nanogrids

2.3.6   Military Nanogrids

2.4  Implementation Issues

2.4.1   Parallels with Microgrid Movement

2.4.2   Contrasts with Microgrid Movement

2.4.3   The Ethernet, DC Networking, and Nanogrids

2.4.4   Third-Party Ancillary Services: Virtual Power Plants

2.4.5   Demand Charge Abatement

2.4.6   Diesel Price/Solar PV Tradeoffs

2.4.7   Bottom of the Pyramid Opportunities

   2.4.7.1  Case Study: The Impact of Telecom on Remote Nanogrid Business Models

3. Technology Issues

3.1  Nanogrid Technology Overview

3.2  Distributed Generation

3.2.1   Diesel Generation

3.2.2   Solar PV

3.2.3   Small Wind Turbines

3.3  Advanced Energy Storage

3.3.1   Advanced Lead-Acid

3.3.2   Flywheels

3.3.3   Advanced Lithium Ion

3.3.4   Flow Batteries

3.3.5   Sodium Metal Halide

3.4  UPS Systems

3.5  Smart Bidirectional Inverters

3.6  Automated Demand Response

3.7  DC Technology Trends

3.7.1   DC LED Lighting

3.7.2   DC EV Charging Technology

3.7.3   DC Plug Loads

3.7.4   DC versus AC Building Controls: PoE

4. Key Industry Players 

4.1  Nanogrid Market Vendor Profiles

4.2  Smart Building Innovators

4.2.1   Bosch Group

4.2.2   Eaton Corp.

4.2.3   Greensmith Energy Management Systems

4.2.4   Johnson Controls, Inc.

4.2.5   Power Generation Services

4.3  DC Technology Purveyors

4.3.1   Moixa Technology

4.3.2   Nextek Power Systems

4.3.3   Pika Energy

4.4  Energy Storage and Converter System Providers

4.4.1   Green Charge Networks

4.4.2   Ideal Power

4.4.3   Sunverge Energy

4.5  Remote Nanogrid Players

4.5.1   Emerson Network Power

4.5.2   Flexenclosure

4.6  Non-Mobile Remote Nanogrid Players

4.6.1   Alpha Group

4.6.2   Trama TechAmbiental

4.6.3   Village Infrastructure

4.7  Mobile Nanogrid Suppliers and EV System Optimizers

4.7.1   NRG Energy

4.7.2   Odyne Systems

4.7.3   TimberRock Energy Solutions

4.7.4   VIA Motors

5. Market Forecasts   

5.1  Nanogrid Market Overview

5.1.1   Microgrids versus Nanogrids

5.2  Nanogrid Capacity/Revenue Relationships

5.2.1   Grid-Tied Nanogrids

   5.2.1.1  Capacity Forecasts

   5.2.1.2  Revenue Forecasts

5.2.2   Remote Nanogrids

   5.2.2.1  Capacity Forecasts

   5.2.2.2  Revenue Forecasts

5.3  Subsegment Profiles

5.3.1   Commercial Grid-Tied Nanogrids

5.3.2   Grid-Tied Mobile Nanogrids

   5.3.2.1  Commercial Remote Nanogrids

   5.3.2.2  Residential Remote Nanogrids

5.4  Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Total Annual Nanogrid Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Mobile Tactical Microgrid Capacity, United States: 2012-2018
  • Average Solar PV System Prices (Non-Weighted) by Region, World Markets: 2011-2020
  • Cumulative Nanogrid Vendor Revenue by Region and Segment, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual Microgrid Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Total Annual Nanogrid Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Grid-Tied Nanogrid Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Grid-Tied Nanogrid Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Remote Nanogrid Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Remote Nanogrid Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Commercial Grid-Tied Nanogrid Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Commercial Grid-Tied Nanogrid Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Grid-Tied Mobile Nanogrid PEV Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual Grid-Tied Bidirectional PEV Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Grid-Tied Mobile Nanogrid PEV Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Commercial Remote Nanogrid Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Commercial Remote Nanogrid Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Residential Remote Nanogrid Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Residential Remote Nanogrid Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Megagrid, Milligrid, Microgrid, and Nanogrid
  • Diagram of Key Nanogrid Components
  • Enernet: Connecting Nanogrids to Microgrids and Macrogrids
  • Map of U.S. Stock of Net Zero Energy Building State Locations
  • The Link between Solar PV Cost Declines and the Rise in Mobile Phone Usage
  • Current Addressable Off-Grid Energy Markets
  • Expansion of Mobile Phone Networks vs. Electricity Expansion Worldwide: 2000-2012
  • Green Telecom Tower Deployments, World Markets: 2009-2013
  • Optimizing Plug Loads in Commercial Buildings
  • Bulk Generation Retirements Totaling 59 GW
  • Depiction of REbus Home Grid-Tied DC Nanogrid
  • Size Comparison between Conventional Converters and Ideal Power Converters
  • TTA’s Nanogrid/Microgrid Deployments
  • GM eMotor Plant Nanogrid

List of Tables

  • Grid-Tied Nanogrids SWOT Analysis
  • Remote Nanogrids SWOT Analysis
  • AC Nanogrids SWOT Analysis
  • DC Nanogrids SWOT Analysis
  • Current Market Drivers and Barriers by Region for DC Power Grid-Tied Nanogrids
  • Operating and Cost Characteristics of Energy Storage Technologies for Nanogrids: 2013
  • Bosch Group SWOT Analysis
  • Nextek Power Systems SWOT Analysis
  • Sunverge Energy SWOT Analysis
  • Emerson Network Power SWOT Analysis
  • Alpha Group SWOT Analysis
  • NRG Energy SWOT Analysis
  • Annual Grid-Tied Nanogrid Vendor Revenue by Region and Revenue Ranking, World Markets:
    2014 vs. 2023
  • Annual Remote Nanogrid Vendor Revenue by Region and Revenue Ranking, World Markets:
    2014 vs. 2023
  • Total Annual Nanogrid Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual Nanogrid Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Cumulative Nanogrid Vendor Revenue by Region and Segment, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Grid-Tied Nanogrid Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Grid-Tied Nanogrid Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Remote Nanogrid Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Remote Nanogrid Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Commercial Grid-Tied Nanogrid Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Commercial Grid-Tied Nanogrid Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Grid-Tied Bidirectional EVSE Unit Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Grid-Tied Mobile Nanogrid PEV Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual Grid-Tied Bidirectional PEV Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Grid-Tied Bidirectional EVSE Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Grid-Tied Mobile Nanogrid PEV Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Annual Grid-Tied Bidirectional PEV Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Commercial Remote Nanogrid Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Commercial Remote Nanogrid Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Residential Remote Nanogrid Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Residential Remote Nanogrid Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
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Aviation and Marine Biofuels http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/aviation-and-marine-biofuels http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/aviation-and-marine-biofuels#comments Tue, 11 Mar 2014 21:29:07 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=63177 Renewable EnergySmart Energy
Viewed as a game changer in the race to commercialize advanced biofuels, aviation and marine biofuels represent a very significant opportunity for emerging producers in the advanced biofuels industry. Demand for advanced biofuels produced from sustainable, non-food feedstocks is largely driven by a need to hedge against increases in fuel costs, compliance with emerging emissions [...]]]>
Renewable EnergySmart Energy

Viewed as a game changer in the race to commercialize advanced biofuels, aviation and marine biofuels represent a very significant opportunity for emerging producers in the advanced biofuels industry. Demand for advanced biofuels produced from sustainable, non-food feedstocks is largely driven by a need to hedge against increases in fuel costs, compliance with emerging emissions regulations, and certification of advanced biofuels pathways. Lacking a viable alternative to liquid fuels, aircraft manufacturers, turbine engine manufacturers, and commercial airlines have partnered in flying more than 600,000 miles powered by biofuels since 2008. Additional concerns around energy security and combat readiness has led to a deepening interest within the U.S. military.

Although the emerging aviation and marine biofuels market has expanded rapidly in recent years, feedstock constraints and high capital investment requirements will need to be overcome for the industry to meet aspirational growth targets. Led by North America, installed nameplate production capacity is expected to reach 3.3 billion gallons by 2024, representing 1.5% of total aviation and marine fuel consumption. Navigant Research forecasts that a cumulative total of 18.2 billion gallons to 19.6 billion gallons of renewable drop-in aviation and marine biofuels could be produced between 2014 and 2024, dependent on the two refinery scenarios analyzed in the report.

This Navigant Research report provides forecasts and market sizing for nameplate production capacity and production volumes for advanced aviation and marine biofuels. Forecasts are segmented by geography, conversion platform, and fuel type. The total addressable market size for commercial aviation, marine shipping, and U.S. military applications are discussed. This report also provides a qualitative analysis of key stakeholder initiatives, market drivers, challenges, and technology developments, as well as profiles of key stakeholders across the value chain.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • What is the current addressable market for commercial aviation, marine shipping, and U.S. military fuel consumption?
  • What is the forecast nameplate production capacity for advanced biorefineries producing drop-in renewable fuels?
  • What is the forecast production volume of drop-in aviation and marine biofuels?
  • Who are the key stakeholders in the emerging aviation and marine biofuels value chain?
  • What are the emerging feedstock opportunities driving the production of aviation and marine biofuels?
Who needs this report?
  • Feedstock growers and suppliers
  • Advanced biofuels producers
  • Petroleum producers and refiners
  • Commercial airlines and shipping companies
  • Port operators
  • Military agencies
  • Government agencies and policymakers
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Market Issues

1.2  Market Forecasts

2. Market Issues  

2.1  Market Overview

2.1.1   Biofuels in the Global Fuel Supply

2.1.2   Renewable Drop-in Biofuels Overview

2.1.3   Role of Aviation and Marine Biofuels

2.1.4   Key Trends

2.2  Market Opportunities

2.2.1   Commercial Aviation

2.2.2   Commercial Marine Shipping

2.2.3   Military

2.2.4   Specialty Fuels

   2.2.4.1  General Aviation

   2.2.4.2  Missile Fuel

2.3  Market Drivers

2.3.1   Aspirational Targets

2.3.2   Fuel Supply Diversity

   2.3.2.1  Rising Oil Costs

   2.3.2.2  Price Volatility

   2.3.2.3  U.S. Military and Energy Security

2.3.3   Alternative Fuel Mandates

   2.3.3.1  RFS2

   2.3.3.2  RED

   2.3.3.3  Indonesian Aviation Act

2.3.4   Emissions Reduction

   2.3.4.1  EU Emissions Trading System and Aviation Amendments

   2.3.4.2  Marine Pollution and Emission Control Areas Regulations

2.4  Market Barriers

2.4.1   High Cost

   2.4.1.1  Biorefinery Construction Costs

   2.4.1.2  Finished Fuel Costs

2.4.2   Feedstock Limits

2.4.3   Fuel Certification

2.5  Emerging Feedstock Supply Chains

2.5.1   MSW

2.5.2   Waste Gases

2.5.3   Jatropha, Camelina, and Carinata

2.5.4   Halophytes

2.5.5   Algae

2.6  Value Chain Initiatives

2.6.1   Commercial Airline Biofuel Flights

2.6.2   Aviation Biofuel Consortiums

2.6.3   U.S. Navy’s Great Green Fleet

3. Technology Issues 

3.1  Technology Overview

3.2  Emerging Aviation and Marine Biofuel Conversion Pathways

3.2.1   HEFA Fuels

3.2.2   FT Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene

3.2.3   ATJ

3.2.4   Pyrolysis-to-jet

3.2.5   Fermented Renewable Jet Fuel

3.3  Biotechnology (Feedstock) Developments

3.3.1     Emerging Aviation and Marine Biofuel Feedstocks

3.3.2   Advanced Projects Research Agency-Energy Plants Engineered to Replace Oil Program

3.4  Advanced Biofuels Production

3.4.1   Front-End Conversion Advances

3.4.2   Back-End Conversion Advances

3.5  Biorefinery Business Models

3.5.1   Integrated Biorefinery

3.5.2   Hub and Spoke Model

3.5.3   Bioport Model

3.6  Certification and Testing

3.6.1   ASTM

   3.6.1.1  Aviation Fuel Certifications

   3.6.1.2  Marine Fuel Certifications

3.6.2   Military Certification

4. Key Industry Players  

4.1  Key Player Overview

4.2  Feedstock Suppliers

4.2.1   SGB

4.3  OEMs

4.3.1   Airbus

4.3.2   Boeing

4.3.3   General Electric Aviation

4.3.4   Pratt & Whitney

4.3.5   Rolls-Royce

4.3.6   Wärtsilä

4.4  Advanced Biofuel Producers

4.4.1   AltAir Fuels

4.4.2   Amyris

4.4.3   Chevron Lummus Global

4.4.4   Gevo

4.4.5   LanzaTech

4.4.6   Neste Oil

4.4.7   Primus Green Energy

4.4.8   Renewable Energy Group

4.4.9   SkyNRG

4.4.10   Solazyme

4.4.11   Solena Fuels

4.4.12   UOP

4.5  End Users

4.5.1   Commercial Carriers

4.5.2   Maersk Group

4.5.3   Schipol Group

5. Market Forecasts   

5.1  Forecast Overview

5.1.1   Forecast Segments

5.1.2   Key Inflection Points

5.2  Aviation and Marine Biofuel Forecasts

5.3  Nameplate Production Capacity Forecast by Region and Key Market

5.3.1   Production Capacity by Region

5.3.2   Revenue by Region

5.3.3   Key Markets

   5.3.3.1  United States

   5.3.3.2  EU

   5.3.3.3  Brazil

   5.3.3.4  China

5.4  Nameplate Production Capacity Forecast by Conversion Platform

5.5  Fuel Production Volume Forecast by Fuel Type

5.5.1     High Jet/Low Distillate Scenario

5.5.2   Low Jet/High Distillate Scenario

5.6  Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Installed Aviation and Marine Biofuels Nameplate Production Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed Aviation and Marine Biofuels Nameplate Production Capacity by Producer, World Markets: 2007-2013
  • DOD Petroleum Consumption by Service, United States: 2012
  • DOD Fuel Consumption Mix by Fuel Type, United States: 2008
  • Global AvGas Consumption by Country, World Markets: 2010
  • Cost Comparison of Petroleum Jet Fuel, Marine Bunker, and Biofuels Alternatives: 2014-2024
  • Share of Municipal Solid Waste Generation by Region, World Markets: 2010-2020
  • Commercial Airline Biofuel Miles Flown by Flight Type, World Markets: 2008-2013
  • Cumulative Revenue from Biorefinery Construction and Fuel Sales by Fuel Product Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Share of Biofuels in Aviation and Marine Fuel Mix by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Nameplate Aviation and Marine Biofuels Production Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Cumulative Revenue from Biorefinery Construction by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Nameplate Production Capacity by Biorefinery Platform and Cumulative Revenue, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Cumulative Revenue from Fuel Sales by Fuel Type, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Production by Fuel Type, High Jet/Low Distillate Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Production by Fuel Type, Low Jet/High Distillate Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Emerging Aviation and Marine Biofuel Pathways
  • HEFA Production Pathway
  • FT-SPK Production Pathway
  • ATJ Production Pathway
  • HDCJ Production Pathway
  • FRJ Production Pathway
  • Products Made from a Barrel of Crude Oil (Gallons)
  • Overview of Bio-Based Value Chain

List of Tables

  • Installed Aviation and Marine Biofuels Nameplate Production Capacity by Producer, World Markets: 2007-2013
  • Biofuel Miles Traveled by Commercial Airlines, World Markets: 2008-2014
  • Top 50 Global Container Fleet Operators: 2012
  • Military Biofuels Demonstrations, World Markets: 2010-2013
  • Profile of Potential Aviation and Marine Biofuels Markets
  • Aspirational Biofuel Targets by Organization
  • Average Refinery Capital Cost by Resource, World Markets: 2012
  • Potential Aviation and Marine Biofuels Feedstocks by Category
  • Sampling of Aviation Biofuel Initiatives, World Markets: 2014
  • Comparison of Feedstock Pathway Attributes: 2014
  • Aviation Biofuel ASTM Certification Timeline
  • Other Feedstock Producers
  • Early Adopter Commercial Airlines
  • Finished Aviation and Marine Biofuel Pathways
  • Assumed Biorefinery Fuel Production Cut by Conversion Platform
  • Installed Aviation and Marine Biofuels Nameplate Production Capacity by Producer, World Markets: 2007-2013
  • DOD Petroleum Consumption by Service, United States: 2012
  • DOD Fuel Consumption Mix by Fuel Type, United States: 2008
  • Profile of Potential Aviation and Marine Biofuels Markets
  • Global AvGas Consumption by Country, World Markets: 2010
  • Cost Comparison of Petroleum Jet Fuel, Marine Bunker, and Biofuels Alternatives: 2014-2024
  • Share of Municipal Solid Waste Generation by Region, World Markets: 2010-2020
  • Commercial Airline Biofuel Miles Flown by Flight Type, World Markets: 2008-2013
  • Cumulative Revenue of Aviation and Marine Biofuels Market by Scenario, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Annual Aviation and Marine Fuel Consumption of All Sources by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Annual Commercial and Military Jet Fuel Consumption by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Annual Commercial Shipping and Military Marine Bunker Consumption by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Share of Biofuels in Aviation and Marine Fuel Market by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed Aviation and Marine Biofuels Nameplate Production Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed Aviation and Marine Biofuels Nameplate Production Capacity by Conversion Platform, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Aviation and Marine Biofuels Production by Fuel Spec (High Jet/Low Distillate), World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Aviation and Marine Biofuels Production by Fuel Spec (Low Jet/High Distillate), World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Revenue from New Aviation and Marine Biorefineries by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Annual Revenue from New Aviation and Marine Biorefineries by Conversion Platform, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Cumulative Revenue from New Aviation and Marine Biorefineries by Conversion Platform, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Annual Revenue from Aviation and Marine Biofuels Production by Fuel Spec (High Jet/Low Distillate), World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Annual Aviation and Marine Biofuels Production by Fuel Spec (Low Jet/High Distillate), World Markets: 2014-2024
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Stationary Fuel Cells http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/stationary-fuel-cells http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/stationary-fuel-cells#comments Wed, 05 Mar 2014 00:12:57 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=62935 Smart Energy
The stationary fuel cell industry continues to be the poster child of the entire global fuel cell sector. Focus on grid stability is increasing and the costs associated with natural disasters are rising. As a result, the use of fuel cells as small distributed power plants for grid stabilization or backup is moving forward faster [...]]]>
Smart Energy

The stationary fuel cell industry continues to be the poster child of the entire global fuel cell sector. Focus on grid stability is increasing and the costs associated with natural disasters are rising. As a result, the use of fuel cells as small distributed power plants for grid stabilization or backup is moving forward faster than any other sector in terms of megawatts.

The principal drivers for adoption continue to be focused on the shifting economics of adoption and the increased need for more reliable power, as well as increased financing options. Since different countries are facing different pain points, in terms of power and power availability, the adoption costs of distributed generation (DG) technologies, including fuel cells, are also different. The core application segments of prime power, large combined heat and power (CHP), residential CHP (resCHP), and uninterruptible power supply (UPS) continue to grow, albeit at different paces. In addition, the stationary fuel cell industry is still led by a small number of companies, as just 20 key system players accounted for over 95% of revenue at the end of 2013. Navigant Research forecasts that global stationary fuel cell revenue will grow from $1.4 billion in 2013 to $40.0 billion in 2022.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the global market opportunity for stationary fuel cells across four key application segments: prime power, large CHP, resCHP, and UPS. The study provides a comprehensive assessment of the demand drivers, business models, and policy factors associated with the rapidly developing market for stationary fuel cells. Global revenue and capacity forecasts, segmented by application, region of manufacture, and electrolyte type, extend through 2022. The report also examines the main technology issues related to stationary fuel cells and includes in-depth profiles of key industry players.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • Which regions are leading in terms of stationary fuel cell manufacturing?
  • What is the projected segmentation of stationary fuel cell types going forward?
  • What is the current structure of the stationary fuel cell industry and how will it evolve over the medium term?
  • How many stationary fuel cells were shipped in each application segment between 2010 and 2012?
  • What is the global market forecast for stationary fuel cells through 2022?
  • What are the key market trends in the prime power, combined heat and power (CHP), and uninterruptible power supply (UPS) segments?
Who needs this report?
  • Fuel cell manufacturers
  • Fuel cell technology developers
  • Fuel reforming companies
  • Large commercial and industrial energy users
  • Utilities
  • Government agencies and energy policymakers
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Overview

2. Market Issues  

2.1  Key Drivers for Stationary Fuel Cell Adoption

2.1.1   Economics of Distributed Energy

2.1.2   Increased Need for Grid Capacity and Resilience

2.1.3   Black Swan Events – The Known Unknown

2.1.4   Growth in Global Use and Understanding of DG Technologies

2.1.5   Growth in Energy Demand from Building Stock and Industry

2.1.6   Regulatory Drivers

2.2  Business Models of Adoption

2.2.1   PPAs

2.2.2   Technology Ownership

3. Stationary Fuel Cell Industry in 2012     

3.1  Overview

3.2  Metrics from 2012

3.3  Company Landscape

3.3.1   Stationary Fuel Cell Sector: Overview of Key Deal Flow

3.3.2   Maturing Chinese Market?

3.4  Competitiveness of Stationary Fuel Cell Sector

3.4.1   Market Share

4. Technology Issues  

4.1  Background to the Technology

4.2  Differences among Fuel Cells

4.2.1   Types of Fuel Cells

   4.2.1.1  PEM Fuel Cells

   4.2.1.2  SOFCs

   4.2.1.3  PAFCs and MCFCs

4.3  Cost Structure and Cost Out

4.4  Innovation in PGM and Non-PGM Catalysts

4.5  Long-Term View of Intellectual Property under Development

5. Key Industry Players  

5.1  Introduction

5.2  North America

5.2.1   Altergy Systems

5.2.2   Ballard Power Systems

5.2.3   Bloom Energy

5.2.4   ClearEdge Power

5.2.5   FuelCell Energy

5.2.6   Hydrogenics

5.2.7   ReliOn, Inc.

5.3  Europe

5.3.1   AFC Energy

5.3.2   BAXI INNOTECH

5.3.3   Ceramic Fuel Cells Ltd.

5.4  Asia Pacific

5.4.1   GS Caltex

5.4.2   JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corp.

5.4.3   Panasonic

5.4.4   POSCO Energy

5.5  Other Industry Participants

6. Market Forecasts  

6.1  Overview of Forecast Methodology

6.2  Stationary Fuel Cell Forecast Overview

6.2.1   Global Capacity and Revenue Forecast

6.2.2   Capacity Forecast by Application

   6.2.2.1  ResCHP

   6.2.2.2  Prime Power and Non-ResCHP

   6.2.2.3  UPS

6.2.3   Systems and Revenue Forecast by Application

6.2.4   Revenue and Capacity Forecasts by Region of Manufacture

6.2.5   Capacity Forecasts by Electrolyte Type and Manufacturer Market Share

6.3  Qualitative Overview of Key Flex Points in the Model

6.3.1   Cost

6.3.2   Growth Profile of Companies

6.3.3   New or Strengthened Policy

6.4  Conclusions and Recommendations

7. Company Directory
8. Acronym and Abbreviation List
9. Table of Contents
10. Table of Charts and Figures
11. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Stationary Fuel Cell Capacity by Application, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Solar PV Cost Curve, World Markets: 1992-2012
  • PEM Fuel Cell Cost Curve, World Markets: 1992-2017
  • Environmental and Disaster Costs, United States: 1990-2012
  • Cumulative Additions in Baseload Power, Key Countries and Regions: 2010-2035
  • Cumulative Incremental Additions in Power Generation, Key Countries and Regions:  2010-2035
  • Total Natural Gas, Electricity, and Heat Demand from Industry and Buildings, Key Countries and Regions: 1990-2035
  • Fuel Cell Capacity Shipped by Market Sector and Application, World Markets: 2010-2012
  • Historical Stationary Fuel Cell Capacity Shipments, World Markets: 2010-2012
  • Market Share by Revenue, Stationary Fuel Cell System Companies, World Markets: 2012
  • LT PEM Fuel Cell System Cost at Projected High-Volume Manufacturing, World Markets: 2013
  • SOFC Fuel Cell System Cost at Projected High-Volume Manufacturing, World Markets: 2013
  • Platinum Demand, All Sectors, World Markets: 1975-2013
  • Stationary Fuel Cell Patents Assigned by Company, World Markets: 2002-2012
  • Universities with Fuel Cell Research by Country, World Markets: 2013
  • Stationary Fuel Cell Capacity Shipped and Revenue, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Stationary Fuel Cell Capacity by Application, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Stationary Fuel Cell Revenue by Region of Manufacture, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Stationary Fuel Cell Capacity by Electrolyte Type, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Stationary Fuel Cell System Capacity by Manufacturer Market Share, World Markets: 2013 and 2022
  • FuelCell Energy Calculated LCOE for MCFC Systems
  • Stationary Fuel Cell Systems by Region of Stack Manufacture, World Markets: 2013-2022

List of Tables

  • Stationary Fuel Cells in Resilient Applications
  • Recent Updated Policies/Regulation Pushing Adoption of Stationary Fuel Cells
  • Altergy Systems SWOT Analysis
  • Ballard Power Systems SWOT Analysis
  • Bloom Energy SWOT Analysis
  • ClearEdge Power SWOT Analysis
  • FuelCell Energy SWOT Analysis
  • Hydrogenics SWOT Analysis
  • ReliOn SWOT Analysis
  • AFC Energy SWOT Analysis
  • BAXI INNOTECH SWOT Analysis
  • Ceramic Fuel Cells SWOT Analysis
  • GS Caltex SWOT Analysis
  • JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corp. SWOT Analysis
  • Panasonic SWOT Analysis
  • POSCO Energy SWOT Analysis
  • Other Industry Participants in 2013
  • Environmental and Disaster Costs, United States: 1990-2012
  • Historical Stationary Fuel Cell Capacity Shipments by Application, World Markets: 2010-2012
  • LT PEM, HT PEM, and SOFC Fuel Cell System Cost at Projected High-Volume Manufacturing, World Markets: 2013
  • Universities with Fuel Cell Research by Country, World Markets: 2013
  • Stationary Fuel Cell Capacity by Application, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Stationary Fuel Cell Systems by Application, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Average Stationary Fuel Cell System Size by Application, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Stationary Fuel Cell Revenue by Application, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Stationary Fuel Cell Revenue by Region of Manufacture, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Stationary Fuel Cell Revenue by Application and Region of Manufacture, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Stationary Fuel Cell Capacity by Region of Manufacture, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Stationary Fuel Cell Systems by Region of Stack Manufacture, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Stationary Fuel Cell Capacity by Electrolyte Type, World Markets: 2013-2022
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Advanced Batteries for Utility-Scale Energy Storage http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/advanced-batteries-for-utility-scale-energy-storage http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/advanced-batteries-for-utility-scale-energy-storage#comments Thu, 13 Feb 2014 21:42:54 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=62316 Smart EnergySmart Utilities
The electricity distribution grid is one of the most complex networks involved in the modern economy. It is also one of the only advanced networks to not have any storage capabilities. Electricity is consumed immediately after it is created. This is changing. The emergence of a new generation of advanced batteries that are safe, low-cost, [...]]]>
Smart EnergySmart Utilities

The electricity distribution grid is one of the most complex networks involved in the modern economy. It is also one of the only advanced networks to not have any storage capabilities. Electricity is consumed immediately after it is created. This is changing. The emergence of a new generation of advanced batteries that are safe, low-cost, and efficient enough to allow for storage on the grid has led to the first instances of large-scale energy storage for the electric distribution network. Although this is happening at the fringes of the network with high-value applications like frequency regulation and demand charge mitigation, it is happening.

The clear market chemistry leader in utility-scale applications of batteries on the grid is lithium ion (Li-ion). These batteries offer the best mix of performance specifications for most energy storage applications. Other battery technologies, however, are not dead. Flow batteries have been shown to excel at long-duration energy storage applications and advanced lead-acid batteries have proven to be excellent performers in power-intensive applications. The Asia Pacific region will see the highest growth in advanced batteries for utility-scale applications during the next 10 years, though growth will also be strong in North America and Europe. Navigant Research forecasts that the annual revenue of cell sales for advanced batteries for utility-scale applications will grow from $221.8 million in 2014 to $17.8 billion in 2023.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the global market for advanced batteries for utility-scale energy storage. The study examines the business case for various utility-scale energy storage applications and explores the strengths and weaknesses of the major battery chemistries and how they match to specific applications. Global market forecasts for energy capacity, power capacity, and revenue, segmented by region, application, chemistry, and subchemistry, extend through 2023. The report also provides profiles of the key market participants, including major battery manufacturers and systems integrators.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • How much revenue will be earned by the sale of advanced batteries for utility-scale energy storage around the world during the next 10 years?
  • How much energy capacity (in megawatt-hours) of batteries will be sold globally?
  • How much power capacity (in megawatts) of batteries will be sold globally?
  • Which utility-scale energy storage applications will be most appropriate for advanced batteries?
  • How will the advanced battery landscape change during the next 10 years?
  • Which advanced battery chemistries and subchemistries will experience the most growth?
Who needs this report?
  • Battery manufacturers
  • Energy storage systems integrators and project developers
  • Electric utilities
  • Independent power producers
  • Electricity system regulators and policymakers
  • Government agencies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Overview

1.2  Technologies Covered in This Report

1.3  Key Findings

2. Market Issues

2.1  Utility Applications for Advanced Batteries

2.1.1   Ancillary Services

   2.1.1.1  Frequency Regulation

   2.1.1.2  Spinning Reserves

   2.1.1.3  Non-Synchronous Reserves

   2.1.1.4  Black-Start

   2.1.1.5  Volt/VAR Support

   2.1.1.6  Voltage Regulation

   2.1.1.7  DR

2.1.2   Peak Shaving

2.1.3   Load Shifting

2.1.4   Renewables Integration

2.1.4.1  Solar Power Cloud Mitigation

2.1.4.2  Wind Ramping Mitigation

2.2  Regional Markets

2.2.1   North America

2.2.1.1  California

2.2.1.2  Other North American Grids

2.2.2   Europe

2.2.2.1  Germany

2.2.2.2  Southern Europe

2.2.3   Asia Pacific

2.2.3.1  China

2.2.3.2  Japan and South Korea

2.2.4   Other Regions

3. Technology Issues

3.1  Overview

3.2  Advanced Battery Specifications

3.3  Battery Management System and Balance-of-System Issues

3.4  Li-ion Batteries

3.4.1   LFP

3.4.2   LMO

3.4.3   LTO

3.4.4   LCO

3.4.5   NCA

3.4.6   NMC

3.5  NaS Batteries

3.6  Sodium Metal Halide Batteries

3.7  Flow Batteries

3.7.1   ZBR

3.7.2   VR

3.7.3   Iron Chromium

3.8  Advanced Lead-Acid Batteries

4. Key Industry Players

4.1  Overview

4.2  Li-ion Manufacturers

4.2.1   Major Li-ion Players

4.2.1.1  BYD Co. Ltd.

4.2.1.2  LG Chem

4.2.1.3  Samsung SDI

4.2.2   Other Li-ion Players

4.2.2.1  A123 Systems

4.2.2.2  ATL

4.2.2.3  Johnson Controls, Inc.

4.2.2.4  Leclanché

4.2.2.5  Lishen

4.2.2.6  Panasonic

4.2.2.7  Saft

4.2.2.8  SK Innovation

4.2.2.9  Toshiba

4.3  Other Battery Chemistry Manufacturers

4.3.1   Aquion Energy

4.3.2   Ecoult

4.3.3   EnerVault

4.3.4   FIAMM SoNick

4.3.5   GE

4.3.6   Imergy Power Systems

4.3.7   NGK Insulators

4.3.8   UET

4.3.9   ZBB Energy

4.4  Other Industry Participants

5. Market Forecasts

5.1  Forecast Methodology

5.2  Total Installed Capacity Forecast

5.2.1   North America

5.2.2   Europe

5.2.3   Asia Pacific

5.2.4   Latin America and the Middle East & Africa

5.3  Battery Chemistry Forecast

5.3.1   Li-ion Forecast

5.3.2   Flow Battery Forecast

5.4  Applications Forecast

5.4.1   Ancillary Services Forecast

5.4.2   Peak Shaving Forecast

5.4.3   Load Shifting Forecast

5.4.4   Renewables Integration Forecast

5.4.5   Other Applications Forecast

5.5  Price Curve Forecast for Advanced Batteries

5.6  Conclusions and Recommendations

5.6.1   Conclusions

5.6.2   Recommendations for Battery Manufacturers

5.6.3   Recommendations for Battery Purchasers

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Annual Revenue of Cell Sales for Advanced Batteries for Utility-Scale Applications by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Cell Price Requirements for Energy Storage Applications and Current and Future Cell Prices, World Markets: 2014
  • Annual Sales of Advanced Batteries for Utility-Scale Applications, Energy Capacity and Revenue, North America: 2014-2023
  • Annual Sales of Advanced Batteries for Utility-Scale Applications, Energy Capacity and Revenue, Europe: 2014-2023
  • Annual Sales of Advanced Batteries for Utility-Scale Applications, Energy Capacity and Revenue, Asia Pacific: 2014-2023
  • Annual Sales of Advanced Batteries for Utility-Scale Applications, Energy Capacity and Revenue, Latin America: 2014-2023
  • Annual Sales of Advanced Batteries for Utility-Scale Applications, Energy Capacity and Revenue, Middle East & Africa: 2014-2023
  • Market Share of Advanced Batteries for Utility-Scale Applications by Chemistry, World Markets: 2014
  • Annual Sales of Li-ion Batteries for Utility-Scale Applications, Energy Capacity and Revenue, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Sales of Flow Batteries for Utility-Scale Applications, Energy Capacity and Revenue, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Sales of Advanced Batteries for Ancillary Services, Energy Capacity and Revenue, by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Sales of Advanced Batteries for Peak Shaving, Energy Capacity and Revenue, by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Sales of Advanced Batteries for Load Shifting, Energy Capacity and Revenue, by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Sales of Advanced Batteries for Renewables Integration, Energy Capacity and Revenue, by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Sales of Advanced Batteries for Other Applications, Energy Capacity and Revenue, by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lowest Cell Price of Advanced Batteries for Utility-Scale Applications by Chemistry, World Markets: 2014, 2017, and 2020
  • Lowest Cell Price of Li-ion Batteries for Utility-Scale Applications by Subchemistry, World Markets: 2014, 2017, and 2020

List of Tables

  • Lithium Iron Phosphate Summary
  • Lithium Manganese Spinel Summary
  • Lithium Titanate Summary
  • Lithium Cobalt Oxide Summary
  • Lithium Nickel Cobalt Aluminum Summary
  • Lithium Nickel Manganese Cobalt Summary
  • Sodium Sulfur Summary
  • Sodium Metal Halide Summary
  • BYD SWOT Analysis
  • LG Chem SWOT Analysis
  • Samsung SDI SWOT Analysis
  • Other Battery Manufacturers
  • Major Battery Purchasers
  • Annual Energy Capacity of Advanced Batteries for Utility-Scale Applications by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Power Capacity of Advanced Batteries for Utility-Scale Applications by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Revenue of Cell Sales for Advanced Batteries for Utility-Scale Applications by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Energy Capacity of Advanced Batteries for Ancillary Services by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Energy Capacity of Advanced Batteries for Peak Shaving by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Energy Capacity of Advanced Batteries for Load Shifting by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Energy Capacity of Advanced Batteries for Renewables Integration by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Energy Capacity of Advanced Batteries for Other Applications by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Power Capacity of Advanced Batteries for Ancillary Services by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Power Capacity of Advanced Batteries for Peak Shaving by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Power Capacity of Advanced Batteries for Load Shifting by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Power Capacity of Advanced Batteries for Renewables Integration by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Power Capacity of Advanced Batteries for Other Applications by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Revenue of Advanced Batteries for Ancillary Services by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Revenue of Advanced Batteries for Peak Shaving by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Revenue of Advanced Batteries for Load Shifting by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Revenue of Advanced Batteries for Renewables Integration by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Revenue of Advanced Batteries for Other Applications by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Energy Capacity of Advanced Batteries for Utility-Scale Applications by Chemistry, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Power Capacity of Advanced Batteries for Utility-Scale Applications by Chemistry, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Revenue of Advanced Batteries for Utility-Scale Applications by Chemistry, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Lowest Cell Price of Advanced Batteries for Utility-Scale Applications by Chemistry, World Markets: 2014, 2017, and 2020
  • Lowest Cell Price of Li-ion Batteries for Utility-Scale Applications by Subchemistry, World Markets: 2014, 2017, and 2020
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Biofuels for Transportation Markets http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/biofuels-for-transportation-markets http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/biofuels-for-transportation-markets#comments Tue, 04 Feb 2014 21:58:18 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=61955 Renewable EnergySmart Energy
Since the turn of the millennium, biofuels have been a leading solution to mitigating the energy security, environmental security, and economic security issues associated with petroleum dependency. In the last 10 years, an increase in ethanol production capacity in the United States and Brazil, and biodiesel in Europe, has resulted in biofuels gaining a foothold [...]]]>
Renewable EnergySmart Energy

Since the turn of the millennium, biofuels have been a leading solution to mitigating the energy security, environmental security, and economic security issues associated with petroleum dependency. In the last 10 years, an increase in ethanol production capacity in the United States and Brazil, and biodiesel in Europe, has resulted in biofuels gaining a foothold in the global market for liquid fuels. The global biofuels industry is now on the verge of entering a new phase of development focused on advanced and drop-in biofuels.

Conventional biofuels – ethanol and biodiesel – are the most near-term solutions to displacing petroleum-based fuel consumption in the road transportation sector. Further advances in biofuels derived from non-food feedstocks and biofuels that are drop-in-capable promise to significantly alter the petroleum industry landscape. Governments and industries are looking at ways to replace the whole barrel of oil by developing biofuels for all forms of transportation: road, aviation, and maritime. Despite the huge potential, however, biofuels are still challenged by issues such as feedstock access, supply chain infrastructure development, and achieving price parity with the well-established petroleum industry. Navigant Research forecasts that global biofuels consumption in the road transportation sector will grow from more than 32.4 billion gallons per year (BGPY) in 2013 to more than 51.1 BGPY in 2022.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the emerging markets and future growth opportunities for biofuels, including ethanol, biodiesel, and drop-in biofuels. The study provides an analysis of the major demand drivers and market challenges related to biofuels technologies. Global market forecasts of vehicle sales and parcs and liquid fuels consumption, station installations, and revenue extend through 2022. The report also examines the key technologies associated with biofuels, as well as the competitive landscape.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • What are the technical challenges related to the commercialization of advanced biofuels technologies?
  • What government regulations and mandates are driving biofuels market growth?
  • Which regional markets are the best opportunities for biofuels technology development and consumption?
  • What are the principal market issues that influence policy development surrounding biofuels?
  • What are the pathways by which biofuels reach all global markets?
  • Where are innovations along the supply line needed to make biofuels competitive with petroleum-based fuels?
Who needs this report?
  • Automotive OEMs
  • Fuel distributors
  • Infrastructure developers
  • Oil and chemical companies
  • Agriculture companies
  • Government agencies
  • Advocacy organizations
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Introduction

1.2  Market Overview

1.3  Market Forecasts

2. Market Issues

2.1  Introduction

2.1.1   Brief History

2.1.2   Government Involvement

2.2  Market Drivers

2.2.1   Energy Security

2.2.2   Environmental Concerns

2.2.3   Economic Development

2.2.4   Military Demand

2.2.5   Aviation Biofuels

2.3  Market Challenges

2.3.1   Price Parity

2.3.2   Infrastructure

2.3.2.1  Ethanol

2.3.2.2  Biodiesel

2.3.2.3  Drop-In Fuels

2.3.3   Environmental and Social Concerns

2.3.3.1  Food versus Fuel

2.3.3.2  Land Use Change

2.3.3.3  Biofuels-Water Nexus

2.3.4   Other Alternative Fuel Technologies

2.4  Regional Analysis

2.4.1   North America

2.4.1.1  RFS2

2.4.1.2  CAFE Standards

2.4.1.3  California’s LCFS

2.4.1.4  Loan Guarantees and Grants

2.4.2   Europe

2.4.2.1  EU Renewable Energy Directive

2.4.3   Latin America

2.4.3.1  Brazil’s ProAlcool Policy

2.4.4   Asia Pacific

2.4.4.1  China’s 12th Five-Year Plan

2.4.5   Rest of World

3. Technology Issues

3.1  Introduction

3.1.1   Feedstock

3.1.2   Biofuels Pathways

3.2  Ethanol

3.2.1   Conventional Ethanol Production

3.2.2   Cellulosic Ethanol Production

3.2.3   Ethanol Distribution

3.2.3.1  E-Diesel

3.2.4   Ethanol Consumption

3.2.4.1  Octane Rating

3.2.4.2  Engine Modifications

3.2.4.3  Efficiency

3.2.4.4  Emissions

3.3  Biodiesel

3.3.1   Biodiesel Production

3.3.2   Biodiesel Distribution

3.3.3   Biodiesel Consumption

3.3.3.1  Engine Modifications

3.3.3.2  Efficiency

3.3.3.3  Emissions

3.4  Drop-In Biofuels

3.4.1   Drop-In Biodiesel Production

3.4.2   Bio-Oil

3.4.3   Algae-Based Biofuels

3.5  Biogas

3.6  Other Advanced Biomass-Based Fuels

3.7  Standards

4. Key Industry Players

4.1  Introduction

4.2  Industry Associations and Research Organizations

4.2.1   Advanced Biofuels Association

4.2.2   Algae Biomass Organization

4.2.3   Brazilian Sugarcane Industry Association

4.2.4   National Association of Automobile Manufacturers – Brazil

4.2.5   NREL

4.2.6   Swedish Bioenergy Association

4.2.7   The Association for Convenience & Fuel Retailing

4.3  Biofuels Producers

4.3.1   Abengoa Bioenergía

4.3.2   Archer Daniels Midland

4.3.3   Honeywell UOP

4.3.4   KiOR

4.3.5   REG Life Sciences

4.3.6   Virent Energy Systems

4.4  Fuel Suppliers/Distributors

4.4.1   BP

4.4.2   Chevron

4.4.3   Ethanol Europe Renewables Ltd.

4.4.4   Petrobras

4.4.5   Preem

4.4.6   Propel Fuels

4.4.7   Protec Fuels

4.4.8   Royal Dutch Shell

4.5  Infrastructure Equipment Suppliers

4.5.1   Gilbarco Veeder-Root

4.5.2   Sundyne

4.5.3   Wastecorp Pumps

4.6  Vehicle Manufacturers

4.6.1   BMW

4.6.2   Chrysler

4.6.3   Daimler

4.6.4   FIAT

4.6.5   Ford

4.6.6   General Motors

4.6.7   PSA Peugeot Citroën

4.6.8   Renault

4.6.9   Scania

4.6.10 Volkswagen

4.6.11 Volvo

4.7  Other Industry Participants

5. Market Forecasts

5.1  Methodology

5.2  Vehicle Sales

5.2.1   Diesel Vehicle Sales

5.2.2   FFV Sales

5.3  Vehicle Parc

5.3.1   FFV Parc

5.3.2   LD Diesel Vehicle Parc

5.4  Liquid Fuels Consumption

5.4.1   Biofuels Consumption

5.4.1.1  North America

5.4.1.2  Europe

5.4.1.3  Asia Pacific

5.4.1.4  Latin America

5.4.1.5  Middle East & Africa

5.5  Infrastructure

5.6  Revenue

5.6.1   Consumption Revenue

5.6.2   Infrastructure and Equipment Installation Revenue

5.7  Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Biofuels Consumed in the Road Transportation Sector by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Light Duty Diesel Vehicle Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Flex-Fuel Vehicle Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Light Duty Vehicle Parc by Region, World Markets: 2022
  • Medium and Heavy Duty Vehicle Parc by Region, World Markets: 2022
  • Flex-Fuel Vehicle Parc by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Light Duty Diesel Vehicle Parc by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Liquid Fuels Consumed in the Road Transportation Sector by Fuel, World Markets: 2022
  • Biofuels Consumed in the Road Transportation Sector by Fuel, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Biofuels Consumed in the Road Transportation Sector by Fuel, North America: 2013-2022
  • Biofuels Consumed in the Road Transportation Sector by Fuel, Western Europe: 2013-2022
  • Biofuels Consumed in the Road Transportation Sector by Fuel, Eastern Europe: 2013-2022
  • Biofuels Consumed in the Road Transportation Sector by Fuel, Asia Pacific: 2013-2022
  • Biofuels Consumed in the Road Transportation Sector by Fuel, Latin America: 2013-2022
  • Biofuels Consumed in the Road Transportation Sector by Fuel, Middle East & Africa: 2013-2022
  • Cumulative Petroleum Refueling Stations by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Cumulative Flex-Fuel Station Installations by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Cumulative Biodiesel (B20+) Infrastructure Installations by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Total Liquid Fuels Retail Sales Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Total Liquid Fuels Retail Sales Revenue by Fuel, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Flex-Fuel Station Installation Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • B20+ Station Installation Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Retail Fuel Prices by Type and Region, World Markets: 2013-2022

List of Tables

  • National Ethanol Mandates by Country, World Markets: 2013
  • National Biodiesel Blending Mandates by Country, World Markets: 2013
  • Flex-Fuel Vehicle Availability by Region, World Markets: 2013
  • Modifications to Engines by Ethanol/Gasoline Blend and Vehicle Drivetrain Component
  • Light Duty Vehicle Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Medium and Heavy Duty Vehicle Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Flex-Fuel Vehicle Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Light Duty Diesel Vehicle Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Medium and Heavy Duty Diesel Vehicle Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Light Duty Vehicle Parc by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Medium and Heavy Duty Vehicle Parc by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Flex-Fuel Vehicle Parc by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Light Duty Diesel Vehicle Parc by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Medium and Heavy Duty Diesel Vehicle Parc by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Total Liquid Fuels Consumed in the Road Transportation Sector by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Biofuels Consumed in the Road Transportation Sector by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Gasoline Consumed in the Road Transportation Sector by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Ethanol Consumed in the Road Transportation Sector by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Diesel Consumed in the Road Transportation Sector by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Diesel Consumed by Light Duty Vehicles by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Diesel Consumed by Medium and Heavy Duty Vehicles by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Biodiesel Consumed in the Road Transportation Sector by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Drop-In Biofuels Consumed in the Road Transportation Sector by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Biofuels Share of Total Liquid Fuels Consumption in the Road Transportation Sector by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Cumulative Petroleum Refueling Stations by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Cumulative Flex-Fuel Station Installations by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Other Industry Participants
  • E-85 Infrastructure Installation Additions by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Cumulative Biodiesel (B20+) Infrastructure Installations by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Biodiesel (B20+) Infrastructure Installation Additions by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Types of Biofuels
  • Total Liquid Fuels Retail Sales Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Gasoline Retail Sales Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Diesel Retail Sales Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Biofuels Sales Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Ethanol Sales Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Biodiesel Sales Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Drop-In Biofuels Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Flex-Fuel Station Installation Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • B20+ Station Installation Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Fuel Retail Gasoline Prices by Country, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Fuel Retail Diesel Prices by Country, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Anhydrous Ethanol Price, Brazil (World Price): 2013-2022
  • Average Spot Price of Crude Oil, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Renewable Fuel Standard Implementation Schedule; United States: 2008-2022
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Energy Storage for Microgrids http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/energy-storage-for-microgrids http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/energy-storage-for-microgrids#comments Wed, 29 Jan 2014 22:10:21 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=61601 Energy StorageSmart Energy
As the microgrid market continues to grow over the next 10 years, so too will the opportunities for energy storage in microgrids. High diesel fuel prices, a greater push toward renewable resources in microgrids, and ancillary service market reforms will underscore the business case for energy storage for microgrids. The services that energy storage systems [...]]]>
Energy StorageSmart Energy

As the microgrid market continues to grow over the next 10 years, so too will the opportunities for energy storage in microgrids. High diesel fuel prices, a greater push toward renewable resources in microgrids, and ancillary service market reforms will underscore the business case for energy storage for microgrids. The services that energy storage systems (ESSs) will deliver to microgrids are not dissimilar to the services that an ESS delivers to the traditional grid: resource optimization (fuel, PV, wind), resource integration (PV, wind), stability (frequency, voltage), and load management.

Each microgrid is a unique response to a customer need. Whether energy storage is incorporated in a system is a strong function of the microgrid systems integrator, the customers’ technological sophistication, and budget. Advanced batteries and (in some cases) flywheels will take progressively more market share from traditional lead-acid chemistries as microgrid systems become more sophisticated and demanding. Navigant Research forecasts that global revenue for energy storage in microgrids will grow from $662 million in 2014 to more than $4 billion in 2024.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the global market for energy storage in microgrids in six key segments: grid-tied customer-owned, grid-tied utility-owned, grid-tied military, remote customer-owned, remote utility-owned, and remote military microgrids. The study defines the different microgrid types and provides an analysis of the ESS services and market drivers associated with energy storage in microgrids. Global market forecasts for capacity and revenue, segmented by region, technology, and microgrid type, extend through 2024. The report also examines the main technologies related to microgrid software and controls, with a focus on advanced batteries and flywheels, and provides profiles of the key industry players.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • What is the business case for energy storage in a microgrid?
  • How does energy storage compare to diesel in a microgrid?
  • What are the key services that energy storage delivers to microgrids?
  • What is the market opportunity and segmentation for energy storage in grid-tied and remote microgrids?
  • Which energy storage technologies will be winners in the microgrid market?
  • What is the market size for advanced batteries and flywheels across six microgrid segments?
Who needs this report?
  • Microgrid integrators
  • Solar PV and wind energy equipment manufacturers
  • Solar PV and wind energy project developers and operators
  • Energy storage solutions providers
  • Battery manufacturers and component providers
  • Utilities and grid operators
  • Government agencies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1 Overview

2. Market Issues

2.1  Defining Microgrids

2.1.1   Grid-Tied

2.1.1.1  Customer-Owned

2.1.1.2  Utility-Owned

2.1.1.3  Military

2.1.2   Remote

2.1.2.1  Customer-Owned

2.1.2.2  Utility-Owned

2.1.2.3  Military

2.2  Energy Storage System Services for Microgrids

2.3  Key Market Drivers

2.3.1   Improving Renewables Penetration in Microgrids

2.3.2   Ancillary Services to the Centralized Grid

2.3.3   Remote Microgrids: Diesel Offset

2.3.3.1  Diesel Costs

2.3.3.2  Diesel Offset versus ESMG Capital Expenditure

2.3.3.3  Diesel Offset versus ESMG Cost over Time

3. Technology Issues

3.1  Introduction

3.2  Microgrid Software and Controls

3.2.1   Flywheels

3.2.2   Advanced Li-ion

3.2.3   Advanced Lead-Acid

3.2.4   Flow Batteries

3.2.5   Sodium Metal Halide

4. Key Industry Players

4.1  Introduction

4.2  Energy Storage Technology and System Providers

4.2.1   A123 Energy Solutions

4.2.2   Aquion Energy

4.2.3   EnStorage

4.2.4   Moixa

4.2.5   ZBB Energy

4.3  Microgrid Integrators with Storage Solutions

4.3.1   ABB

4.3.2   General Electric Digital Energy

4.3.3   Raytheon

4.3.4   S&C Electric Co.

4.3.5   Sunverge Energy

4.3.6   Toshiba

4.4  Software and Controls Specialists: Microgrids and Storage

4.4.1   Ampard

4.4.2   Green Energy Corp.

4.4.3   Greensmith Energy Management Systems

4.4.4   Growing Energy Labs Inc.

4.4.5   HOMER Energy

4.4.6   Spider9

4.4.7   Spirae, Inc.

4.4.8   Xtreme Power

4.4.9   Younicos

5. Market Forecasts

5.2  ESSs for Microgrids by Region

5.3  ESSs for Microgrids by Technology

5.4  Microgrid Type

5.5  Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Installed Energy Storage Energy Capacity in Microgrids by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Cumulative Net Present Value of Energy Storage Technologies Integrated in Remote Microgrids by Battery Type, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Installed Energy Storage Power Capacity in Microgrids by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed Energy Storage Revenue in Microgrids by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed Energy Storage Power Capacity in Microgrids by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed Energy Storage Revenue in Microgrids by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed Energy Storage Power Capacity in Microgrids by Microgrid Type, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed Energy Storage Revenue in Microgrids by Microgrid Type, World Markets: 2014-2024

List of Tables

  • Installed Energy Storage Energy Capacity in Microgrids by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Technology Composition of Deployed Microgrids, World Markets: 4Q 2013
  • Estimated Microgrid Component Prices, Key Markets: 2013
  • Remote Microgrid Diesel Prices, Key Markets: 4Q 2013
  • Size Distribution of Deployed Microgrids and First Year Fuel Savings at Low and High Diesel Costs:
    4Q 2013
  • Cumulative Net Present Value of Energy Storage Technologies Integrated in Remote Microgrids by Battery Type, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Operating and Cost Characteristics of Energy Storage Technologies in Microgrids: 4Q 2013
  • Installed Energy Storage Power Capacity in Microgrids by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed Energy Storage Power Capacity in Microgrids by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed Energy Storage Power Capacity in Microgrids by Microgrid Type, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed Energy Storage Energy Capacity in Microgrids by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed Energy Storage Energy Capacity in Microgrids by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed Energy Storage Energy Capacity in Microgrids by Microgrid Type, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed Energy Storage Revenue in Microgrids by Region, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed Energy Storage Revenue in Microgrids by Technology, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • Installed Energy Storage Revenue in Microgrids by Microgrid Type, World Markets: 2014-2024
  • New Installed Energy Storage Power Capacity by Technology and Microgrid Type, North America: 2014-2024
  • New Installed Energy Storage Power Capacity by Technology and Microgrid Type, Europe: 2014-2024
  • New Installed Energy Storage Power Capacity by Technology and Microgrid Type, Asia Pacific: 2014-2024
  • New Installed Energy Storage Power Capacity by Technology and Microgrid Type, Latin America: 2014-2024
  • New Installed Energy Storage Power Capacity by Technology and Microgrid Type, Middle East: 2014-2024
  • New Installed Energy Storage Power Capacity by Technology and Microgrid Type, Africa: 2014-2024
  • New Installed Energy Storage Energy Capacity by Technology and Microgrid Type, North America: 2014-2024
  • New Installed Energy Storage Energy Capacity by Technology and Microgrid Type, Europe: 2014-2024
  • New Installed Energy Storage Energy Capacity by Technology and Microgrid Type, Asia Pacific: 2014-2024
  • New Installed Energy Storage Energy Capacity by Technology and Microgrid Type, Latin America: 2014-2024
  • New Installed Energy Storage Energy Capacity by Technology and Microgrid Type, Middle East: 2014-2024
  • New Installed Energy Storage Energy Capacity by Technology and Microgrid Type, Africa: 2014-2024
  • New Installed Energy Storage Revenue by Technology and Microgrid Type, North America: 2014-2024
  • New Installed Energy Storage Revenue by Technology and Microgrid Type, Europe: 2014-2024
  • New Installed Energy Storage Revenue by Technology and Microgrid Type, Asia Pacific: 2014-2024
  • New Installed Energy Storage Revenue by Technology and Microgrid Type, Latin America: 2014-2024
  • New Installed Energy Storage Revenue by Technology and Microgrid Type, Middle East: 2014-2024
  • New Installed Energy Storage Revenue by Technology and Microgrid Type, Africa: 2014-2024
  • ESMG Services by Microgrid Type
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