Navigant Research » Electric Vehicles http://www.navigantresearch.com Wed, 23 Apr 2014 06:02:35 +0000 en-US hourly 1 http://wordpress.org/?v=3.8.1 Alternative Revenue Streams for Automakers http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/alternative-revenue-streams-for-automakers http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/alternative-revenue-streams-for-automakers#comments Mon, 31 Mar 2014 19:14:28 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=63777 Smart Transportation
Automotive manufacturers are making the first inroads into new markets not directly related to vehicle sales. They are selling home energy management (HEM) systems and residential PV units; offering carsharing services and smart parking applications; and developing the tools that will allow plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) drivers to participate in grid services programs. All of [...]]]>
Smart Transportation

Automotive manufacturers are making the first inroads into new markets not directly related to vehicle sales. They are selling home energy management (HEM) systems and residential PV units; offering carsharing services and smart parking applications; and developing the tools that will allow plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) drivers to participate in grid services programs. All of these products and services capitalize on the new market potential relating to the advent of PEVs and the drive toward more sustainable transportation.

While the automotive industry is taking a serious look at these types of solutions, it is not clear whether they offer revenue potential. Automakers will be facing the same drivers and barriers that the incumbents face in these markets. They also face the challenge of trying to enter an entirely new type of market where they have little or no experience with the product or type of service. While Navigant Research believes that automotive original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) will participate in these markets to a growing degree, it is not as likely that they will be significant revenue generating opportunities in the near term. Navigant Research forecasts that global OEM revenue from new services related to PEVs and sustainable transportation will grow from $426.9 million in 2014 to $5.3 billion in 2023.

This Navigant Research report examines services that automakers are already offering or developing, either in conjunction with their PEVs or simply as standalone services associated with sustainable transportation. The study analyzes the following services: vehicle-to-grid (V2G), vehicle-to-building (V2B), HEM, solar energy, EV charging equipment and networks, carsharing, and smart parking. Global forecasts of the total addressable market and projected OEM revenue from these services, segmented by region, extend through 2023. The report also examines the existing market dynamics for each of the services covered, the drivers and challenges for automakers entering those markets, and the key market players.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • What are the new opportunities available to automakers in the plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) market?
  • What is driving automakers to develop new services related to plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) and sustainable transportation?
  • Which new services are automakers most likely to develop further?
  • What are the existing market dynamics and forecasts for these new services and who are the key players?
  • What kind of revenue streams will these new markets offer automotive OEMs?
Who needs this report?
  • Automotive manufacturers and suppliers
  • Carsharing companies
  • Solar PV companies and solar services companies
  • Electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) manufacturers
  • Energy service companies
  • Utilities
  • Government agencies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Introduction

1.1.1   Revenue Opportunities

1.1.2   Challenges and Drivers

1.2  Market Forecasts

2. Market Issues 

2.1  Market Overview

2.2  Market Drivers

2.2.1   Vehicle Electrification or the Rise of the Battery

2.2.2   Slowing Vehicle Sales Growth

   2.2.2.1  Trends Affecting Car Sales

   2.2.2.2  Light Duty Vehicle Sales Forecasts

2.2.3   New Focus on Managing Urban Mobility

   2.2.3.1  Congestion Mitigation

   2.2.3.2  Emissions Reduction

2.2.4   Increased Connectivity

2.2.5   Autonomous Vehicle Technologies

2.3  New Revenue Markets for PEV Makers

2.3.1   V2G

   2.3.1.1  Market Conditions and Sizing

   2.3.1.2  V2G PEV Forecasts

   2.3.1.3  V2G Case Studies

   2.3.1.4  Forecasting V2G Services

2.3.2   V2B Services

   2.3.2.1  Market Conditions and Sizing

2.3.3   HEM Services

   2.3.3.1  Market Conditions and Sizing

   2.3.3.2  V2H

2.3.4   Solar Energy Services

   2.3.4.1  Market Conditions and Sizing

2.3.5   Charging Equipment and Network Operations

   2.3.5.1  Market Conditions and Sizing

2.3.6   Carsharing Services

   2.3.6.1  Market Conditions and Sizing

2.3.7   Telematics Promoting Sustainable Transportation

   2.3.7.1  Smart Parking

2.4  Overall Market Issues and Challenges

2.4.1   Entering New Markets

2.4.2   Electricity Prices versus New Services

2.4.3   Strategies for the Carshare Market

2.4.4   Strategies for the Solar Energy Services Market

2.4.5   Strategies for the V2G Market

3. Technology Issues

3.1  Introduction

3.2  V2G Technology

3.2.1   Impact on Vehicle Batteries

3.2.2   Utility Upgrades

3.2.3   Communications

3.2.4   Data Analytics

3.2.5   Standards

3.3  HEM

3.3.1   Standards

4. Key Industry Players 

4.1  Introduction

4.2  Automotive OEMs

4.2.1   Audi

4.2.2   BMW

4.2.3   Chrysler

4.2.4   Daimler

4.2.5   Ford

4.2.6   GM

4.2.7   Honda

4.2.8   Mitsubishi Motors

4.2.9   Nissan

4.2.10   Renault

4.2.11   Tesla Motors

4.2.12   Toyota Motor Corp.

4.3  HEM Companies

4.3.1   Nest Labs

4.4  Renewable Energy Supply

4.4.1   Ingeteam

4.4.2   SolarCity

4.4.3   SunPower Corporation

4.4.4   TimberRock

4.5  Connected Car or Mobile App Companies

4.5.1   ParkMe

4.5.2   Parkopedia

4.5.3   INRIX

4.5.4   Streetline

4.6  Carshare Companies

4.6.1   RelayRides

4.6.2   Zipcar

4.7  EVSE Companies and V2G Companies

4.7.1   Autogrid

4.7.2   Greenlots

4.7.3   Hitachi

4.7.4   Nichicon

4.7.5   Silver Spring Networks

4.7.6   Tendril

4.8  Utilities

4.8.1   Endesa

4.8.2   EVGrid

4.8.3   Pacific Gas & Electric

4.8.4   RWE

4.8.5   San Diego Gas and Electric

5. Market Forecasts  

5.1  Overview of Methodology

5.2  Grid Services

5.3  Home Energy Services

5.4  EV Charging Equipment Sales

5.5  Carshare Services

5.6  Total Potential Revenue to OEMs for New Services

5.7  Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List

8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Tables

  • Cumulative Demand Charge Avoidance Return on Investment for V2B Infrastructure
  • Annual PEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual PHEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual BEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual LDV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total Installed LD V2G Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual V2G-Enabled LD PEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • V2G-Enabled LD PEV Parc by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Installed LD PEV Capacity Participating in Demand Response Programs by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Networked HEM System Shipments by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Distributed Solar PV Installed Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Level 2 Residential EVSE Unit Sales by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Historical Growth in Carsharing Membership by Region, World Markets: 2006-2013
  • Total Members in Carsharing Services by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Revenue from V2G Demand Response Program Participation by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual OEM Revenue from V2G Demand Response Program Participation by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Revenue from V2G Frequency Regulation by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual OEM Revenue from V2G Frequency Regulation by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual OEM Revenue from HEM System Sales by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual OEM Revenue from Residential PV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual OEM Revenue from Residential EVSE Sales by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual OEM Revenue from Carsharing Services by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total OEM Revenue from New Services by Application, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Total OEM Revenue from New Services by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023

List of Charts and Figures

  • Total OEM Revenue from New Services by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual PEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual LDV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual V2G-Enabled LD PEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual V2G-Enabled LD PEV Parc by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Installed LD PEV Capacity Participating in Demand Response Programs by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Networked HEM System Shipments by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Networked HEM System Shipments versus PEV Sales, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Distributed Solar PV Installed Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual Sales of Residential PV Systems and PEVs, North America: 2014-2023
  • Annual Level 2 Residential EVSE Unit Sales by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Historical Growth in Carsharing Membership by Region, World Markets: 2006-2013
  • Total Members in Carsharing Services by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual OEM Revenue from Grid Services by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual OEM Revenue from Home Energy Services by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual OEM Revenue from Residential EVSE Sales by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Annual OEM Revenue from Carsharing Services by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Home Energy Management: Five Segments along a Continuum
  • A Comprehensive Networked HEM System Topology
  • HomePlug Topology
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Electric Vehicle Batteries http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/electric-vehicle-batteries http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/electric-vehicle-batteries#comments Mon, 31 Mar 2014 18:54:59 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=63762 Energy StorageSmart Energy
Global automotive manufacturers are accelerating their efforts to produce more vehicles utilizing electric drivetrains. Many factors are contributing to this trend, including newly enacted fuel economy standards, greater confidence in electric-powered vehicles, and advances in battery technology. In 2012, Toyota launched the Plug-in Prius, powered for the first time with lithium ion (Li-ion) batteries. This [...]]]>
Energy StorageSmart Energy

Global automotive manufacturers are accelerating their efforts to produce more vehicles utilizing electric drivetrains. Many factors are contributing to this trend, including newly enacted fuel economy standards, greater confidence in electric-powered vehicles, and advances in battery technology. In 2012, Toyota launched the Plug-in Prius, powered for the first time with lithium ion (Li-ion) batteries. This shift from the well-established nickel-metal hydride (NiMH) batteries to Li-ion represented a major endorsement of the ability of this chemistry to perform consistently in an automotive environment. Since then, most of the other major OEMs have introduced battery electric vehicle (BEV) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) models, almost all of which use Li-ion batteries for onboard energy storage.

The immediate future looks to be secure for the Li-ion chemistry, though there are still many variants under development to improve performance and reduce cost. Improvements continue to be made and leading battery cell manufacturers have built new factories utilizing the latest production techniques, including greater automation and faster throughput. Navigant Research forecasts that the global market for Li-ion batteries in light duty consumer vehicles will grow from $3.2 billion in 2013 to $24.1 billion in 2023.

This Navigant Research report provides a detailed examination of the growing market for Li-ion batteries, including profiles of the leading Li-ion battery manufacturers and systems integrators. The study assesses the relative sizes of the battery markets for different vehicle types, as well as vehicle roadmaps and projected sales for BEVs, PHEVs, and hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). Global market forecasts for revenue from Li-ion batteries, segmented by vehicle type and region, extend through 2023. The report also includes a review of the different Li-ion battery chemistries and competing energy storage technologies, such as ultracapacitors and NiMH batteries.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • Have lithium ion (Li-ion) batteries become the industry standard for electric vehicles (EVs)?
  • Who are the leading Li-ion battery manufacturers?
  • Which key joint venture companies are working with OEMs and battery manufacturers?
  • What are the different chemistries in the EV battery market?
  • How will the cost per kilowatt-hour for Li-ion batteries change in the next several years?
  • Which vehicle segment offers the best opportunities for battery manufacturers?
  • What are the vehicle roadmaps for battery, plug-in hybrid, and hybrid electric vehicles (BEVs, PHEVs, and HEVs) through 2023?
  • What are the forecasts for revenue from Li-ion batteries through 2023?
Who needs this report?
  • Vehicle manufacturers
  • Vehicle fleet managers
  • Automotive industry suppliers
  • Battery suppliers
  • Government agencies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  The Electric Vehicle Market

1.2  Energy Storage for EVs

1.3  Automotive Li-ion Battery Volume

1.4  World Market Highlights

2. Market Issues

2.1  Introduction

2.2  Advanced Batteries for the Transportation Market

2.3  Market Size and Segmentation

2.3.1   BEVs

2.3.2   PHEVs

2.3.3   HEVs

2.3.4   Stop-Start Vehicles

2.3.5   Commercial Vehicles

2.4  Power and Energy Requirements

2.5  Industry Growth Drivers

2.5.1   Emissions Reductions

2.5.2   Government Incentives

2.5.2.1  United States

2.5.2.2  Europe

2.5.2.3  China

2.5.2.4  Japan

2.5.2.5  South Korea

2.5.2.6  India

2.6  Different Finance Models

2.7  Battery Swapping

2.8  Grid Applications

2.8.1   Secondary Use of Batteries

2.8.2   Vehicle-to-Grid Power Delivery

2.9  Early Fleet Adopters of HEVs and PEVs

2.9.1   North America

2.9.2   China

2.9.3   Utilities

2.10   Transitioning from Early Adopters to Mainstream

2.10.1    Sensitivity to Fuel Prices

2.10.2    Ease of Purchase

2.10.3    Reliability

2.10.4    Resale Value

2.10.5    Limited Driving Range

2.11   Marketing and Commercialization

2.12   Value Chain of the Li-ion Battery Industry

2.12.1   Raw Materials

2.12.2   Cell Components and Electronics

2.12.3    Integrated Systems: Cell and Pack Manufacturers

2.12.4    Battery Manufacturer and OEM Joint Ventures

2.12.5    Materials Recycling

2.13   Requirements for Commercialization

2.13.1    Cost

2.13.2    Capacity

2.13.3    Weight and Size

2.13.4    Charge Rate

2.13.5    Performance

3. Technology Issues

3.1  Competing Energy Storage Technologies

3.1.1   Ultracapacitors

3.1.2   NiMH Batteries

3.1.3   Li-ion Batteries

3.1.4   Strengths and Weaknesses

3.2  Li-ion Batteries in Detail

3.2.1   Li-ion Battery Components

3.3  Competing Technologies in Development

3.3.1   Lithium-Air

3.3.2   Lithium Sulfur

3.3.3   Solid-State

3.4  Access to Lithium

3.5  Safety and Implementation

3.5.1   Battery Charging Levels

3.5.2   DC Fast Charging

3.5.3   Sensitivity to Temperature

4. Key Industry Players

4.1  Introduction

4.2  Battery Cell Manufacturers

4.2.1   A123 Systems

4.2.2   Altair Nanotechnologies

4.2.3   Boston-Power, Inc.

4.2.4   BYD

4.2.5   Electrovaya

4.2.6   GS Yuasa

4.2.7   Hitachi Automotive Systems

4.2.8   Johnson Controls

4.2.9   LG Chem/Compact Power

4.2.10  NEC

4.2.11  Panasonic

4.2.12  Samsung SDI

4.2.13  Toshiba

4.3  Battery Pack System Integrators

4.3.1   Automotive Energy Supply Corporation

4.3.2   Blue Energy

4.3.3   Deutsche ACCUmotive

4.3.4   Lithium Energy & Power GmbH

4.3.5   Magna E-Car

4.3.6   Primearth EV Energy Co.

4.3.7   Robert Bosch Battery Systems

4.3.8   SK Continental E-motion

4.4  Automotive Manufacturers

4.4.1   BMW

4.4.2   Chery

4.4.3   Daimler

4.4.4   Fiat Chrysler

4.4.5   Ford

4.4.6   General Motors

4.4.7   Honda

4.4.8   Hyundai

4.4.9   Mazda

4.4.10  Mitsubishi

4.4.11  Nissan

4.4.12  PSA Peugeot-Citroën

4.4.13  Renault

4.4.14  Tesla

4.4.15  Toyota

4.4.16  Volkswagen/Audi

4.4.17  Volvo

4.4.18  ZAP

4.5  Other Industry Players

4.5.1   China BAK Battery

4.5.2   XALT Energy

5. Market Forecasts

5.1  Introduction

5.2  Global EV Market

5.3  Li-ion Transportation Battery Market in the BEV Segment

5.4  Li-ion Transportation Battery Market in the PHEV Segment

5.5  Li-ion Transportation Battery Market in the HEV Segment

5.6  Li-ion Transportation Battery Market in the SSV Segment

5.7  Overall Market Assessment

5.8  Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Total Li-ion Vehicle Battery Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer BEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer PHEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer HEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Commercial Fleet BEV, PHEV, and HEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer BEV, PHEV, and HEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer BEV Li-ion Battery Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer BEV Li-ion Battery Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer PHEV Li-ion Battery Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer PHEV Li-ion Battery Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer HEV Li-ion Battery Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer HEV Li-ion Battery Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty SSV Li-ion Battery Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Stop-Start Vehicle Li-ion Battery Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Total Light Duty Consumer Vehicle Li-ion Battery Revenue by Powertrain Type, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Total Vehicle Li-ion Battery Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023

List of Tables

  • Vehicle Battery Capacities by Selected HEV and PEV Models: 2014
  • Installed New Capacity of Li-ion Batteries for Energy Storage Applications, World Markets: 2014-2022
  • Estimated Component Costs, 25 kWh LMO Battery Pack, World Markets: 2014
  • Production of Passenger PHEVs and BEVs by Make and Model, World Markets: MY 2014
  • Roadmap of Passenger PHEVs and BEVS by Model: 2015 and Beyond
  • Selected Hybrid Trucks Available by Manufacturer, World Markets: 2013
  • Selected PHEV Trucks Available or Being Developed by Drivetrain Manufacturer, World Markets: 2014
  • Selected BEV Trucks Available or Being Developed by Drivetrain Manufacturer, World Markets: 2013
  • Selected PHEV and BEV Trucks in Service or Pending Deployment by Location, World Markets: 2013
  • U.S. DOE Stimulus Grants for Battery Manufacturing by Company: 2014
  • Energy Storage Type Comparison: 2014
  • Characteristics of Commercial Ultracapacitors by Manufacturer: 2012
  • Characteristics of NiMH Batteries in Vehicle Applications by Battery Maker: 2012
  • Light Duty Consumer BEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer PHEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer HEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer BEV, PHEV, and HEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Commercial Fleet BEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Commercial Fleet PHEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Commercial Fleet HEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Commercial Fleet BEV, PHEV, and HEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer BEV Li-ion Battery Sales Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer PHEV Li-ion Battery Sales Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer HEV Li-ion Battery Sales Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer Vehicle Li-ion Battery Sales Revenue Including SSVs by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Commercial Fleet Vehicle Li-ion Battery Sales Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Commercial Fleet Vehicle Li-ion Battery Sales Revenue Percentage of Total by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Commercial Fleet Vehicle Li-ion Battery Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer BEV Li-ion Transportation Battery Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer BEV Li-ion Transportation Battery Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer PHEV Li-ion Transportation Battery Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer PHEV Li-ion Transportation Battery Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer HEV Li-ion Transportation Battery Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Consumer HEV Li-ion Transportation Battery Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Total Light Duty Consumer Vehicle Li-ion Battery Revenue Including SSVs by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Total Light Duty Consumer Vehicle Li-ion Battery Capacity Including SSVs by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Total Light Duty Consumer Vehicle Li-ion Battery Revenue by Powertrain Type, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Total Light Duty Consumer Vehicle Li-ion Battery Revenue by Powertrain Type, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Total Vehicle Li-ion Battery Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Energy Storage Technology Strengths and Weaknesses
  • Ranking of Li-ion Technology Options by Property: 2014
  • Total Vehicle Li-ion Battery Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Total Light Duty Consumer Vehicle Li-ion Battery Capacity by Powertrain Type, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Characteristics of Li-ion Battery Chemistries
  • Adoption of Li-ion Battery Chemistry by Battery Vendor and Vehicle OEM
  • Li-ion Battery Components, Functions, and Materials
  • Major Cathode Chemistries for Li-ion Batteries: 2014
  • Key EV Battery Player Map: 2014
  • Vehicle Battery Details by Selected HEV and PEV Models: 2014
  • Li-ion Battery Price by Battery Type, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty Vehicle Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Medium/Heavy Duty Vehicle Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty SSV Li-ion Battery Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty SSV Li-ion Transportation Battery Energy Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Total Light Duty Consumer Vehicle Li-ion Battery Capacity Percentage by Powertrain Type, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Light Duty SSV Li-ion Battery Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Annual Growth in Total Light Duty SSV Li-ion Battery Sales by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • Light Duty SSV Li-ion Battery Revenue by Country, World Markets: 2013-2023
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Wireless Charging Systems for Electric Vehicles http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/wireless-charging-systems-for-electric-vehicles http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/wireless-charging-systems-for-electric-vehicles#comments Tue, 25 Feb 2014 02:48:44 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=62614 Smart Transportation
Until recently, the prospects for wireless electric vehicle (EV) charging appeared limited, if a market developed at all. That has changed in the last 12 months. It is now clear that several major automakers are planning to bring wireless systems to market within the next few years, and a significant portion of the industry believes [...]]]>
Smart Transportation

Until recently, the prospects for wireless electric vehicle (EV) charging appeared limited, if a market developed at all. That has changed in the last 12 months. It is now clear that several major automakers are planning to bring wireless systems to market within the next few years, and a significant portion of the industry believes that wireless technology represents the future of plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) charging.

As of early 2014, there is only one commercial wireless charging system available for PEVs, an aftermarket system offered by Evatran and Bosch, and it is only available in North America. Automakers and their Tier One suppliers continue to be reticent on their plans for wireless EV charging. Most wireless charging systems are in the pilot phase and are likely to remain there for another 2 to 3 years. By 2015-2016, however, models with built-in wireless charging capability will be available from several major automakers. Within a decade, wireless charging could be the leading way of charging EVs. Navigant Research forecasts that wireless charging equipment for light duty vehicles will grow by a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 108% from 2013 to 2022, reaching annual sales of slightly less than 302,000 units in 2022.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the fledgling market for wireless charging systems for EVs. The study examines the technology of wireless EV charging and the efforts of technology developers, working in partnership with automakers, to bring systems to market. Global market forecasts for sales of wireless EV charging systems, segmented by region, extend through 2022. The report also looks at the demand drivers and market barriers associated with wireless EV charging, along with the efforts of automakers to incorporate wireless charging capability into their EV models.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • What are the primary benefits and disadvantages of wireless electric vehicle (EV) charging?
  • What are the technological issues associated with wireless EV charging?
  • Who are the key players in developing wireless EV charging systems?
  • How have the wireless EV charging strategies of the major automakers shifted in the last 6 to 12 months?
  • What factors will determine the rate of adoption of wireless EV charging through 2022?
  • How will the adoption of wireless EV charging influence the overall market for EVs?
Who needs this report?
  • Automakers
  • EV supply equipment (EVSE) suppliers
  • Municipalities and government agencies
  • Integrators and auto supply companies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

2. Market Update

2.1  Introduction to Wireless Electric Vehicle Charging Systems

2.2  Demand Drivers

2.2.1     Convenience

2.2.2     Automaker Incentives

2.3  Market Barriers

2.3.1     Price

2.3.2     Efficiency

2.3.3     Market Size

2.4  Technology Issues

2.4.1     Wireless Power Transfer

2.4.2     Proximity Requirements

2.4.3     Power Transfer Efficiency

2.4.4     Technology Standards

2.4.5     Safety

2.4.6     Dynamic Charging

2.4.7     Charging Stations

2.5  Market Issues and Forecasts

2.6  Key Players

2.6.1     Evatran

2.6.2     Qualcomm

2.6.3     WiTricity

3. Conclusions and Recommendations

List of Charts and Figures

  • Wireless EVSE Unit Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Total EVSE Unit Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Annual Wireless EVSE Unit Sales Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Wireless EV Charging System
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Electric Vehicles: 10 Predictions for 2014 http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/electric-vehicles-10-predictions-for-2014 http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/electric-vehicles-10-predictions-for-2014#comments Mon, 06 Jan 2014 19:25:24 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=60960 Smart Transportation
By the end of 2014, more than 700,000 plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) will be driving on roads around the world. Automakers will introduce several dozen new PEV models – from small city cars to higher-priced luxury vehicles – during the year, offering consumers unprecedented choice in emissions-free driving. The continued penetration of electric vehicles (EVs) [...]]]>
Smart Transportation

By the end of 2014, more than 700,000 plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) will be driving on roads around the world. Automakers will introduce several dozen new PEV models – from small city cars to higher-priced luxury vehicles – during the year, offering consumers unprecedented choice in emissions-free driving. The continued penetration of electric vehicles (EVs) will affect the power grid and revenue streams for automakers, resulting in the emergence of new business models and first-time relationships between new partners. In order to analyze the impacts of these and other key issues facing the EV industry, Navigant Research has prepared this white paper that makes 10 predictions about the continuing evolution of the market in 2014 and beyond.
Topics covered in the paper include:

  • Likelihood of automakers meeting ZEV mandates in U.S. states
  • Diversification of automaker revenue streams to include EV-related services
  • Environmental benefits of EVs
  • Increasing competition in the luxury EV market
  • Commercialization of fuel cell vehicles (FCVs)
  • Participation of vehicles in grid services
  • Development of commercial wireless EV charging

This Navigant Research white paper analyzes 10 key trends that will influence the development of the EV market in 2014 and beyond. Conclusions and predictions in this paper are drawn from Navigant Research’s ongoing Smart Transportation program research coverage, with forecasts included for key market sectors.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • What will be the most important developments in the global electric vehicle (EV) industry in 2014?
  • What will be the most important developments in the global two-wheel EV market?
  • How will EVs reshape urban driving and the impact of transportation on the environment?
  • How will the arrival of fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) affect the EV industry?
  • Which segments within the EV market will see the most important model launches from automakers?
Who needs this report?
  • Automotive OEMs and suppliers
  • EV charging equipment manufacturers
  • Smart grid companies
  • Utilities
  • Fleet managers
  • Government agencies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Introduction

2. Electric Vehicles: 10 Predictions for 2014

2.1   Automakers Accelerate Push for Changes in the California ZEV Mandates

2.2   Tesla Motors Will Have a Volatile Year

2.3   Electric Motorcycles Breakout as Transportation Alternative

2.4   EV Makers Pursue Revenue Beyond Vehicle Sales

2.5   Fuel Cell Car Launches Will Spur a New Round of “Fuel Cell Vehicle versus Battery Electric Vehicle” Hype

2.6   EVs Will Play a Leading Role in Carshare Growth

2.7   Wireless Charging Moves from the Lab to the Street

2.8   EVs Will Reduce Vehicle Carbon Dioxide Emissions in the United States by More Than 1 Million Tons

2.9   More Than 2.2 Million Electric-Drive Motors Will Ship in 2014

2.10  Vehicle-to-Grid Pilot Projects will Expand and Begin Generating Revenue across the United States

3.  Acronym and Abbreviation List
4.  Table of Contents
5.  Table of Charts and Figures
6. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts

  • PEV Percentage of Light Duty Vehicle Sales, Eight ZEV States: 2018-2022
  • Annual Light Duty Vehicle Sales for Select Regions: 2014-2022
  • Total Vehicles in Carsharing Services by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Light Duty Electric Vehicle Motor Sales by Vehicle Type, World Markets: 2014
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Second-Life Batteries: From PEVs to Stationary Applications http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/second-life-batteries-from-pevs-to-stationary-applications http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/second-life-batteries-from-pevs-to-stationary-applications#comments Mon, 06 Jan 2014 19:21:42 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=60936 Energy StorageSmart Energy
The first lithium ion (Li-ion) battery-powered plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) were launched in 2010 with the emergence of the Chevrolet Volt and Nissan LEAF, soon to be followed by dozens of other car launches. More than 100,000 PEVs have been sold thus far, and sales volumes are rising fast. The battery packs in these vehicles [...]]]>
Energy StorageSmart Energy

The first lithium ion (Li-ion) battery-powered plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) were launched in 2010 with the emergence of the Chevrolet Volt and Nissan LEAF, soon to be followed by dozens of other car launches. More than 100,000 PEVs have been sold thus far, and sales volumes are rising fast. The battery packs in these vehicles are usually warrantied for 8 to 10 years and, after that period, most will have reduced energy storage capacity. Battery manufacturers expect that those batteries will retain 80% of the original capacity, on average.

At that point, most of the degraded batteries will be taken out of the cars. What will happen to all those used but still capable batteries? The answer lies in reusing them for stationary applications. Reusing salvaged batteries for stationary applications solves a significant problem: new batteries cost too much to allow for their profitable use on the grid. Used but still capable batteries, however, can be sold at a low price and still provide a useful function. Navigant Research forecasts that the global second-life battery business will grow from $16 million in 2014 to $3 billion in 2035.

This Navigant Research report explores the concept of utilizing batteries for second-life applications, such as stationary storage. The study examines the issues related to second-life batteries and suggests moves for stakeholders to help make the concept become a reality. Global forecasts for the availability, capacity, and revenue of these batteries, as well as their future price ceilings, extend through 2035. The report also assesses the market motivators and obstacles for the secondary use of automotive batteries.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • How many batteries will be available for second-life purposes over the next 2 decades?
  • What is the expected monetary value of a used vehicle traction battery?
  • What stationary storage applications will most likely benefit from the influx of second-life batteries?
  • What will the residual value of the battery be worth when the car is salvaged?
  • How will future new battery prices affect used battery prices?
Who needs this report?
  • Energy storage project developers
  • Electric utilities
  • Automotive OEMs
  • Battery manufacturers
  • Government agencies and policymakers
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

2. Market Update

2.1   Market Motivators for Secondary Use of Automotive Batteries

2.1.1   Sustainability

2.1.2   Lowest Cost Option

2.1.3   Liability

2.2   Obstacles to Secondary Use of Automotive Batteries

2.2.1   Low Pricing for New Batteries

2.2.2   Institutional Cultural Resistance to Used Products

2.2.3   Excessive Degradation

2.2.4   Physical Refurbishment Obstacles

2.3   Market Forecasts for Second-Life Batteries

2.3.1   Battery Supply Forecast

2.3.2   Revenue Forecast for Second-Life Batteries

3. Conclusions and Recommendations

3.1   Policymaker Recommendations

3.2   Automotive Manufacturer Recommendations

3.3   Second-Life Battery Owner Recommendations

List of Charts

  • Capacity and Revenue of Second-Life Batteries, World Markets: 2014-2035
  • Energy Storage Technology Prices by Technology Type, World Markets: 2014
  • Expected Lithium Ion Cell Prices by Sub-Chemistry, World Markets: 2014, 2017, and 2020
  • Second-Life Battery Supply Nameplate Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2014-2035
  • Second-Life Battery Supply Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2014-2035
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Hybrid and Electric Trucks http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/hybrid-and-electric-trucks http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/hybrid-and-electric-trucks#comments Sat, 28 Dec 2013 00:12:48 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=60628 Smart Transportation
The hybrid and electric truck market experienced a demand surge from 2008 to 2011, even as the broader truck market foundered in the global economic downturn. This surge was due in part to government stimulus spending and in part to the launch of the plug-in hybrid and battery car market, which spurred interest in these [...]]]>
Smart Transportation

The hybrid and electric truck market experienced a demand surge from 2008 to 2011, even as the broader truck market foundered in the global economic downturn. This surge was due in part to government stimulus spending and in part to the launch of the plug-in hybrid and battery car market, which spurred interest in these technologies for other vehicle applications. As of 2013, the economic stimulus programs are winding down and hybrid and electric truck deployments have enabled fleets to gain real world experience with the technologies.

Although many fleets are interested in using these vehicles to support corporate sustainability targets, ultimately most purchasing decisions are driven by cost. Not all applications for hybrid and electric trucks provide sufficient fuel savings to offset the price premium over diesel or gasoline trucks in an acceptable timeframe. Companies thus need to focus on lowering costs and targeting only those end-user markets where the fuel savings of their technologies are optimized. Another strategy for success would be to add value beyond the vehicle drive cycle (e.g., by providing vehicle-to-grid services). Without such strategies, the market will continue to rely heavily on government subsidy programs. Navigant Research forecasts that global annual unit sales for hybrid and electric trucks – including light duty trucks used by commercial fleets and all medium and heavy duty on-road trucks – will rise from under 10,000 in 2013 to more than 100,000 in 2020.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the global market for hybrid electric vehicle (HEV), plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV), and battery electric vehicle (BEV) trucks. The study provides an analysis of the market issues associated with the light duty (Class 2 equivalent), medium duty, and heavy duty vehicle segments for these technologies, as well as government policies and regulations affecting the market. Global market forecasts, broken out by vehicle segment, drivetrain, and region, extend through 2020. The report also examines the different types of end uses for each technology, elements of the hybrid and electric drive system, competing technologies, and the key players in the market.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • What are the most likely end-use applications for hybrid electric vehicle (HEV), plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV), and battery electric vehicle (BEV) trucks?
  • What are the strengths and weaknesses of each technology for light, medium, and heavy duty trucks?
  • Which countries are seeing the highest adoption rates of hybrid and electric trucks?
  • How quickly will the HEV, PHEV, and BEV truck market grow in each of the world regions?
  • Who are the key OEMs and drivetrain suppliers in this market?
  • How do HEV, PHEV, and BEV trucks compare with alternative fuel trucks?
Who needs this report?
  • Truck manufacturers
  • Hybrid and electric drive system manufacturers
  • Battery manufacturers and suppliers
  • Electric vehicle charging equipment companies
  • Fleet operators
  • Government agencies and policymakers
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Market Overview

1.2  Key Market Issues

1.3  Market Forecasts

2. Market Issues

2.1  Overview

2.2  Vehicle Classifications

2.2.1   North America

2.2.2   Europe

2.2.3   Asia Pacific

2.3  Navigant Research Classifications

2.3.1   Light Duty Fleet Vehicles

2.3.2   Medium and Heavy Duty Trucks for Fleets

2.3.3   Vehicle Availability and Company Attrition

2.3.4   Vocational Applications for Trucks

2.3.4.1  Delivery Trucks

2.3.4.1.1.   Over-the-Road Tractors

2.3.4.2  Non-Delivery Work Applications

2.3.4.3  Port/Railyard Operations

2.3.5   PHEV and BEV Truck Deployments

2.3.5.1  Military Applications

2.4  Competing Technologies

2.4.1   Gasoline

2.4.2   Hydraulic Hybrids

2.4.3   Natural Gas

2.4.4   Propane

2.4.5   Biofuels

2.4.6   Fuel Cells

2.4.7   Auxiliary Power Units and Truck Stop Electrification

2.4.8   Fleet Management Systems

3. Market Drivers

3.1  Legislation and Regulations

3.1.1   North America

3.1.1.1  U.S. States

3.1.2   Canada

3.1.3   Europe

3.1.4   Asia Pacific

3.1.4.1  China

3.1.4.2  Japan

3.2  Total Cost of Ownership Benefits

3.2.1   Fuel Prices

3.2.2   Recovery of Cost Premiums

3.2.3   Maintenance Costs

3.2.4   Total Cost of Ownership Analysis

3.3  Going Green and the Influence of High-Profile Fleets

3.4  Idle Reduction

3.5  Vehicle to Grid

3.6  Assessment of the Key Drivers for Electric Drive Trucks

4. Technology Issues

4.1  Hybrid and Electric Drivetrains for Trucks

4.1.1   Parallel Hybrid Electric Design

4.1.2   Series Hybrid Electric Design

4.2  ePTO Hybrids

4.3  Plug-In Hybrid Drive

4.4  Battery Trucks

4.5  Elements of the Hybrid and Electric Drive System

4.5.1   Regenerative Braking

4.5.2   Electric Motors

4.5.3   Battery Technology

4.5.4   Ultracapacitors

4.5.5   Battery Size for Hybrid Trucks

4.5.6   Recharging Infrastructure

4.5.7   Onboard Diagnostics Systems in California

5. Key Industry Players

5.1  Original Equipment Manufacturers or Chassis Manufacturers

5.1.1   AMP Electric

5.1.2   Balqon Corporation

5.1.3   Boulder Electric Vehicle

5.1.4   Crane Carrier Company

5.1.5   Daimler AG

5.1.6   Electric Vehicles International

5.1.7   Ford Motor Co.

5.1.8   Hino Motors, Ltd.

5.1.9   Iveco

5.1.10  MAN SE

5.1.11  Navistar and International Truck and Engine Corp.

5.1.12  Nissan

5.1.13  PACCAR/Kenworth/Peterbilt/DAF

5.1.14  Smith Electric Vehicles

5.1.15  Volvo Group Global/Renault Trucks/Mack Trucks

5.1.16  ZeroTruck

5.2  Suppliers

5.2.1   Allison Transmission

5.2.2   ALTe Powertrain

5.2.3   Altec, Inc.

5.2.4   BAE Systems

5.2.5   Eaton Corp.

5.2.6   Inventev

5.2.7   Odyne Systems

5.2.8   Siemens

5.2.9   Terex Utilities

5.2.10  TM4

5.2.11  TransPower

5.2.12  UQM Technologies

5.2.13  VIA Motors

5.2.14  Wrightspeed

5.2.15  XL Hybrids

5.2.16  ZF Friedrichshafen AG

5.3  Other Entities

5.3.1   CALSTART

5.3.2   Duke Energy

5.3.3   FleetCarma

5.3.4   Pacific Gas & Electric

5.3.5   Southern California Edison

6. Market Forecasts

6.1  Global Fleet Vehicle Forecasts

6.2  Global Hybrid, Plug-In Hybrid, and Battery Electric Truck Forecasts

6.2.1   Global Hybrid Truck Sales

6.2.2   Global Plug-In Hybrid Truck Sales

6.2.3   Global Battery Electric Truck Sales

6.2.4   HEV, PHEV, and BEV Truck Sales by Region

6.2.5   Global MD and HD Truck Sales by Drivetrain Type

6.3  Conclusions and Recommendations

7. Company Directory
8. Acronym and Abbreviation List
9. Table of Contents
10. Table of Charts and Figures
11. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Light, Medium, and Heavy Duty Fleet Truck Sales by Electric Drivetrain, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Average Diesel Price by Key Country, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Annual Light Duty Fleet Vehicle Sales (Cars and Trucks) by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Annual Medium/Heavy Duty Truck Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • HEV, PHEV, and BEV Fleet Truck Sales by Vehicle Segment, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • HEV Fleet Truck Sales by Vehicle Segment, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • PHEV Fleet Truck Sales by Vehicle Segment, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • BEV Fleet Truck Sales by Vehicle Segment, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • HEV, BEV, and PHEV Fleet Truck Sales (All Vehicle Segments) by Region: 2013-2020
  • Medium and Heavy Duty Truck Sales by Alternative Drivetrain, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Fleet Truck Sales by Electric Drivetrain, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Federal Vehicle Weight Classifications, United States
  • Cutaway Cab and Stripped-Chassis Vehicles
  • HTUF Class 4 Parcel Drive Cycle
  • Utility Service Truck Drive Cycle
  • Cab-and-Chassis Vehicles

List of Tables

  • Vehicle Weight Classifications, European Union
  • Vehicle Weight Classifications, Navigant Research
  • Global Availability of HEV, PHEV, and BEV Light Duty Vehicle Models, Top Markets: 2014
  • Selected Hybrid Trucks Available, World Markets: 2013
  • Selected Plug-In Hybrid Trucks Available or Being Developed, World Markets: 2013
  • Selected Battery Electric Trucks Available or Being Developed, World Markets: 2013
  • Selected PHEV and BEV Trucks in Service or Pending Deployment (2,935 in Total), World Markets: 2013
  • Truck Fuel Economy and Emissions Regulations, United States: Model Year 2017-2018
  • Vocational Vehicle Fuel Economy and Emissions Regulations, United States: Model Year 2017
  • Hybrid Voucher Incentive Project, California: Proposed 2013-2014
  • Average New Vehicle Fuel Economy by Vehicle Type and Year, China: 2005-2030
  • Typical Truck Costs by Vehicle Part
  • Truck Total Cost of Ownership
  • Vehicle Operating Costs by System, FedEx Express: 2011
  • FleetCarma Analysis of Vehicle Savings
  • Average Gasoline Price by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Average Diesel Price by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Average Spot Price of Crude Oil, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Battery Type Comparison
  • Battery Size Used by Selected HEV, PHEV, and BEV Trucks
  • Annual Light Duty Fleet Vehicle Sales (Cars and Trucks) by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Annual HEV Light Duty Fleet Vehicle Sales (Cars and Trucks) by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Annual PHEV Light Duty Fleet Vehicle Sales (Cars and Trucks) by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Annual BEV Light Duty Fleet Vehicle Sales (Cars and Trucks) by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Annual Medium/Heavy Duty Truck Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Annual HEV/PHEV/BEV Medium/Heavy Duty Truck Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Annual HEV/PHEV/BEV Medium/Heavy Duty Truck Sales as Percentage of Total Medium/Heavy Duty Truck Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Annual HEV Light Duty Fleet Truck Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Annual HEV Medium Duty Fleet Truck Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Annual HEV Heavy Duty Fleet Truck Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Annual PHEV Light Duty Fleet Truck Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Annual PHEV Medium Duty Fleet Truck Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Annual PHEV Heavy Duty Fleet Truck Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Annual BEV Light Duty Fleet Truck Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Annual BEV Medium Duty Fleet Truck Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Annual BEV Heavy Duty Fleet Truck Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • HEV Medium/Heavy Duty Truck Sales as Percentage of Total Medium/Heavy Duty Truck Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • PHEV Medium/Heavy Duty Truck Sales as Percentage of Total Medium/Heavy Duty Truck Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • BEV Medium/Heavy Duty Truck Sales as Percentage of Total Medium/Heavy Duty Truck Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • HEV, PHEV, and BEV Fleet Truck Sales by Vehicle Segment, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Light, Medium, and Heavy Duty Fleet Truck Sales by Electric Drivetrain, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • HEV, PHEV, and BEV Fleet Truck Sales (All Vehicle Segments) by Region: 2013-2020
  • Medium/Heavy Duty Truck Sales by Alternative Drivetrain, World Markets: 2013-2020
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Electric Vehicle Market Forecasts http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/electric-vehicle-market-forecasts http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/electric-vehicle-market-forecasts#comments Thu, 19 Dec 2013 00:05:51 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=60453 Smart TransportationTransportation Forecast
The fast-growing market for electric vehicles (EVs), which includes hybrids, plug-in hybrids, and battery electric vehicles, has become a small but important part of the global automotive industry. Governments worldwide are keen to see increasing penetrations of EVs due to the environmental, economic, and energy security benefits engendered by these vehicles. As such, government incentives [...]]]>
Smart TransportationTransportation Forecast

The fast-growing market for electric vehicles (EVs), which includes hybrids, plug-in hybrids, and battery electric vehicles, has become a small but important part of the global automotive industry. Governments worldwide are keen to see increasing penetrations of EVs due to the environmental, economic, and energy security benefits engendered by these vehicles. As such, government incentives to spur growth in EV development have been fundamental to growing plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) penetration within the overall light duty (LD) vehicle market. Meanwhile, demand is increasing among fleet operators and consumers alike.

Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) are widely available in North America, Western and Eastern Europe, and Asia Pacific, but limited elsewhere. Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) and battery electric vehicle (BEV) models are increasing in number and will be less limited by the end of 2014 or mid-2015 in most regions. Growth in HEVs and PEVs (PHEVs and BEVs combined) will stem from increasing vehicle availability, decreasing HEV and PHEV prices, rising fuel prices, and an improving global LD vehicle market. Navigant Research forecasts that Japan and the United States will be the largest markets for HEVs, with sales reaching just over 1.0 million and 1.1 million in 2022, respectively. The United States will remain the largest market for PEVs throughout the forecast period, netting more than 467,000 sales in 2022. A significant majority of the PEV sales will be PHEVs.

This Navigant Research report provides forecasts, market sizing, and market share analysis for the overall LD vehicle market and LD HEVs, PHEVs, and BEVs. The report includes comprehensive data for vehicle sales and vehicles in use (parc) for the global LD vehicle market, as well as the three EV segments. Also provided are the underlying forecast assumptions for the consumer and fleet markets. Global forecasts for annual LD vehicle sales and vehicle parcs, segmented by world region, key country, and drivetrain, extend through 2022.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • How will the growth rates of light duty HEVs, PHEVs, and BEVs vary by region and country through 2022?
  • How many light duty HEVs, PHEVs, and BEVs will be on the roads through 2022?
  • What are the key factors driving growth in the light duty EV market?
  • What will be the penetration of HEVs and PEVs within the total light duty vehicle market?
  • How will HEV, PHEV, and BEV sales compare to sales of other alternative drivetrains through 2022?
  • Which HEV, PHEV, and BEV models are expected to be launched between 2013 and 2015?
  • How many HEVs and PEVs will be sold to fleet customers?
Who needs this report?
  • Automotive OEMs
  • EV component manufacturers and suppliers
  • EV charging equipment manufacturers
  • Utilities
  • Energy service companies
  • Government agencies
  • Industry associations
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Introduction

1.2  Scope

1.3  Market Forecasts

2. Data Assumptions

2.1  Background

2.2  Scope and Definition

2.3  Vehicle Availability

2.4  Forecast Assumptions

2.5  Government Incentives

2.6  Vehicle Pricing

2.7  Fuel Economy and Emissions Regulations

2.8  Fuel Prices

3. Market Forecasts

3.1  Light Duty Vehicles

3.2  Electric Vehicles

3.2.1   Hybrid Electric Vehicles

3.2.2   Plug-In Electric Vehicles

3.3  Conclusions and Recommendations

4. Acronym and Abbreviation List
5. Table of Contents
6. Table of Charts and Figures
7. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Annual Light Duty Electric Vehicle Sales by Drivetrain, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Annual Light Duty Vehicle Sales by Drivetrain, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Annual Light Duty HEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Annual Light Duty PHEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Annual Light Duty BEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Light Duty HEV Parc by Region, World Markets: 2013-202
  • Light Duty BEV Parc by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Fleet/Commercial Percentage of HEV/PEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022

List of Tables

  • Incremental Cost for EV Drivetrains, Select Regions: 2013
  • Planned HEV/PHEV/BEV Launches, North America: 2013-2015
  • Planned HEV/PHEV/BEV Launches, Europe: 2013-2015
  • Planned HEV/PHEV/BEV Launches, Asia Pacific: 2013-2015
  • Gross Domestic Product (Purchasing Power Parity) by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Growth Rate of Gross Domestic Product by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Light Duty HEV, PHEV, and BEV Incentives by Country: 2013
  • Average Gasoline Price by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Average Diesel Price by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Average Spot Price of Crude Oil, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Annual Light Duty Vehicle Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Annual Light Duty Vehicle Fleet/Commercial Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Light Duty Vehicle Parc by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Annual Light Duty Vehicle Sales by Drivetrain, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Cumulative Light Duty Vehicle Sales by Drivetrain and Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Annual Light Duty HEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Growth Rate of Annual Light Duty HEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2014-2022
  • HEV Share of Total Light Duty Vehicle Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Light Duty HEV Parc by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • HEV Share of Light Duty Vehicle Parc by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Annual Light Duty PHEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Growth Rate of Annual Light Duty PHEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2014-2022
  • PHEV Share of Total Light Duty Vehicle Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Light Duty PHEV Parc by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • PHEV Share of Light Duty Vehicle Parc by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Annual Light Duty BEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Growth Rate of Light Duty BEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2014-2022
  • BEV Share of Light Duty Vehicle Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Light Duty BEV Parc by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • BEV Share of Light Duty Vehicle Parc by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Annual Light Duty PEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Growth Rate of Light Duty PEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2014-2022
  • PEV Share of Light Duty Vehicle Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Light Duty PEV Parc by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Light Duty PEV Share of Vehicle Parc by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Annual Light Duty HEV Fleet/Commercial Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Annual Light Duty PHEV Fleet/Commercial Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Annual Light Duty BEV Fleet/Commercial Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Fleet/Commercial Percentage of Light Duty HEV/PEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
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Electric Vehicle Consumer Survey http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/electric-vehicle-consumer-survey http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/electric-vehicle-consumer-survey#comments Tue, 12 Nov 2013 07:06:07 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=59199 Smart Transportation
Alternative fuel vehicles, particularly battery electric vehicles (BEVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), are a small but growing portion of the automotive market. Following the commercial introduction of these vehicles in 2010, BEV and PHEV sales volume has grown significantly over the last several years, with new auto manufacturers bringing models to market and [...]]]>
Smart Transportation

Alternative fuel vehicles, particularly battery electric vehicles (BEVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), are a small but growing portion of the automotive market. Following the commercial introduction of these vehicles in 2010, BEV and PHEV sales volume has grown significantly over the last several years, with new auto manufacturers bringing models to market and existing manufacturers reducing pricing.

Consumers generally hold positive views of electric vehicles (EVs), as well as hybrids and natural gas-powered cars. However, even under several different scenarios, interest in BEVs and PHEVs remains below the 50% mark, indicating that consumers like the idea of EVs but may not be won over by the features and price points. Navigant Research forecasts that shipments of BEVs and PHEVs in the United States will reach 30,195 and 59,106, respectively, by the end of 2013. By 2020, shipments of these vehicles are expected to reach 130,641 and 210,772, respectively.

This Navigant Research report details the findings from a web-based EV consumer survey of 1,084 consumers in the United States. The study, which was executed in the fall of 2013 using a nationally representative and demographically balanced sample, aims to provide a better understanding of consumer attitudes toward alternative fuel vehicles, with an emphasis on electric vehicles. Levels of consumer interest in EVs, familiarity with EV models, and overall vehicle considerations are assessed. The survey also examines consumer receptiveness to several BEV and PHEV options and public charging stations.

Key Questions Addressed
  • How do consumers view alternative fuel vehicles?
  • Which brands, makes, and models of alternative fuel vehicles are familiar to consumers?
  • What type of drivetrains do consumers prefer?
  • Which vehicle features garner the most interest from consumers?
  • How open are consumers to the idea of public charging stations?
  • How much are consumers willing to pay for public charging services?
Who needs this report?
  • Vehicle manufacturers
  • Vehicle component suppliers
  • Charging equipment manufacturers
  • Battery manufacturers
  • Industry associations
  • Utilities
  • Government agencies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1   Overview

1.2   Key Findings

2. Driver Profile

2.1   Vehicle Ownership

3. Interest in Electric Vehicles

3.1   Overall Interest

3.2   EV Brand Preference

4. Vehicle Familiarity and Opinions

4.1   Model Familiarity and Value

4.2   Consumer Opinions

5. Next Vehicle Preference 

5.1   Drivetrain Preference

5.2   Vehicle Options and Pricing Preferences

6. Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure

6.1   Interest in Public Charging Stations

7. Summary and Conclusions

7.1   Consumer Interest

7.2   Model Familiarity

7.3   Engine, Body Type, and Option Preferences

7.4   Public Charging Stations

8. Acronym and Abbreviation List
9. Table of Contents
10. Table of Charts and Figures

11. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, and Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Favorability Ratings by Alternative Fuel Vehicle Type, United States: 2013
  • Vehicle Ownership, United States: 2013
  • Vehicle Ownership by Drivetrain, United States: 2013
  • Interest in a BEV at the $26,000 Price Point, United States: 2013
  • Likelihood to Purchase a BEV at the $15,000 Price Point with a Battery Lease, United States: 2013
  • Interest in a PHEV at the $28,000 Price Point, United States: 2013
  • EV Preference by Brand, United States: 2013
  • Familiarity with Alternative Fuel Vehicle Models, United States: 2013
  • Value for Price by Alternative Fuel Vehicle Model, United States: 2013
  • Consumer Opinion on EVs, United States: 2013
  • Next Vehicle Drivetrain Preferences, United States: 2013
  • First or Second Choice Plug-In Electric Vehicle Drivetrain Preference by Adopter Status, United States: 2013
  • Vehicle Body Type Preference, United States: 2013
  • Vehicle Body Type Preference by First or Second Choice Plug-In Electric Vehicle Drivetrain Preference, United States: 2013
  • Vehicle Options Preference, United States: 2013
  • Vehicle Options Preference by First or Second Choice Plug-In Electric Vehicle Drivetrain Preference, United States: 2013
  • Anticipated Price for Next Vehicle After Incentives, United States: 2013
  • Interest in Public Charging Stations, United States: 2013
  • Price Willing to Pay per Charge, United States: 2013
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Vehicle to Grid Technologies http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/vehicle-to-grid-technologies http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/vehicle-to-grid-technologies#comments Mon, 14 Oct 2013 23:00:30 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=58478 Electric VehiclesSmart Transportation
Vehicle to grid (V2G) technologies have been in development since the beginning of the modern electric vehicle era, but are only now beginning to emerge in revenue-generating applications. The U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) has been a significant proponent of the technology, investing around $20 million in 2013 to install 500 V2G-enabled plug-in electric vehicles [...]]]>
Electric VehiclesSmart Transportation

Vehicle to grid (V2G) technologies have been in development since the beginning of the modern electric vehicle era, but are only now beginning to emerge in revenue-generating applications. The U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) has been a significant proponent of the technology, investing around $20 million in 2013 to install 500 V2G-enabled plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) at bases in specific U.S. electricity markets. Additionally, demonstrations and pilot projects using fleet vehicles in the United States, several Western European countries, and Japan are beginning to show returns and prove that V2G technologies can serve as effective assets in various grid services.

Electricity markets in Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries and developing economies with expected high penetrations of PEVs, like China, are likely to adopt electricity market structures and rules that enable greater opportunities for V2G business models in efforts to make the grid more energy efficient. Increased percentage penetrations of wind and solar in specific countries and regions will create a greater need for energy storage to both optimize integration of these resources and balance frequency disturbances created from their variability in generation. Grids with high percentages of wind resources in generation mixes will likely have higher returns for frequency regulation services. Navigant Research forecasts that global V2G frequency regulation revenue will reach $190.7 million by 2022.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the market opportunity for V2G technologies to be used to support grid reliability and stability. The study considers various policy factors associated with the growth of V2G, as well as significant market drivers and barriers. Global market forecasts for V2G-enabled PEVs and V2G capacity and revenue, segmented by region, extend through 2022. The report also examines the major V2G technologies and case studies and profiles key market participants.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • What challenges may hinder the widespread commercialization of vehicle to grid (V2G) technologies?
  • Which regulatory structures and grid service markets are best suited for V2G technologies?
  • Which regional markets are the best near-term opportunities and which are likely long-term opportunities?
  • What key factors influence V2G opportunities?
  • What costs are associated with various V2G systems (AC and DC)?
  • How will the market for V2G technologies evolve to allow individually owned PEVs to participate?
Who needs this report?
  • Automotive manufacturers and suppliers
  • Electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) manufacturers
  • Energy service companies
  • Smart grid software companies
  • Grid operators
  • Utilities
  • Corporate and government fleets
  • Government agencies
  • Industry associations
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Introduction

1.2  Market Evolution

1.3  Market Forecasts

2. Market Issues

2.1  Definition and Scope

2.2  Introduction

2.3  V2G Markets

2.3.1   Regulated versus Deregulated Markets

2.3.2   Energy Storage

2.3.3   Ancillary Services

2.3.3.1  Frequency Regulation

2.3.3.2  Pay-for-Performance

2.3.3.3  Demand Response

2.3.4   VPPs and Microgrids

2.4  Market Barriers

2.5  Market Drivers

2.5.1   Wind

2.5.2   Solar

2.6  Market Participants

2.6.1   Automakers

2.6.2   Fleets

2.6.2.1  Military Fleets

2.6.2.2  Utility Fleets

2.6.2.3  Other Fleets

2.6.3   Utilities

2.6.4   Aggregators

2.6.5   Employers

2.7  Regional Markets

2.7.1   North America

2.7.2   Europe

2.7.3   Asia Pacific

2.7.3.1  Japan

2.7.3.2  South Korea

2.7.3.3  India

2.7.3.4  China

2.8  Case Studies

2.8.1   Grid On Wheels

2.8.2   EDISON Project

2.8.3   Project Plug-IN

2.8.4   U.S. DOD V2G Demonstrations

2.8.5   SPIDERS

2.8.6   MeRegio Mobil

2.8.7   Zem2All Malaga

2.8.8   Chrysler V2G Demonstrations

2.8.9   Green Crossover Town

2.8.10  Maui Smart Grid Demonstration Project

3. Technology Issues

3.1  Technologies

3.2  Plug-In Electric Vehicles

3.2.1   LD PEVs

3.2.2   MHD PEVs

3.3  Bidirectional Power Delivery

3.3.1   AC V2G

3.3.2   DC V2G

3.3.3   Impact on Vehicle Batteries

3.3.4   Utility Upgrades

3.4  Communications

3.4.1   Smart Charging Management Systems

3.4.2   Utility Commands

3.4.3   Data Analytics

3.4.4   Standards

4. Key Industry Players

4.1  Introduction

4.2  Vehicle Technologies

4.2.1   AC Propulsion

4.2.2   AutoPort

4.2.3   BMW

4.2.4   Boulder Electric Vehicle

4.2.5   Chrysler

4.2.6   Daimler

4.2.7   Ford

4.2.8   General Motors

4.2.9   Honda

4.2.10  LUXGEN Motor

4.2.11  Mitsubishi Motors

4.2.12  Nissan

4.2.13  Smith Electric Vehicle

4.2.14  Toyota Motor Corp.

4.2.15  VIA Motors

4.3  Infrastructure Technologies

4.3.1   Coritech Services

4.3.2   DENSO

4.3.3   Eetrex

4.3.4   Efacec

4.3.5   Hitachi

4.3.6   Ideal Power Converters

4.3.7   Milbank Manufacturing

4.3.8   National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)

4.3.9   NextEnergy

4.3.10  Nichicon

4.4  Smart Grid Communications

4.4.1   Akuacom

4.4.2   Autogrid

4.4.3   Bosch Software Innovations

4.4.4   Energy Systems Network

4.4.5   Greenlots

4.4.6   Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL)

4.4.7   Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL)

4.4.8   Rapid Electric Vehicles

4.4.9   Silver Spring Networks

4.4.10  Tendril

4.5  Energy Providers

4.5.1   California Independent System Operator (CAISO)

4.5.2   U.S. Department of Defense (DOD)

4.5.3   Endesa

4.5.4   EVGrid

4.5.5   NRG Energy

4.5.6   PJM Interconnection

4.5.7   Southern California Edison

4.5.8   University of Delaware

4.6  Other Industry Participants

5. Market Forecasts

5.1  Forecast Methodology

5.2  Vehicles

5.3  EVSE Infrastructure Capacity

5.4  V2G Infrastructure Capacity

5.5  Revenue Forecasts

5.5.1   Equipment Installations

5.5.1.1  Infrastructure Installations

5.5.1.2  Vehicle Installations

5.5.2   Frequency Regulation

5.6  Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • V2G-Enabled PEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • V2G-Enabled PEV Parc by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • V2G Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Installed V2G Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Installed V2G Capacity Participating in Demand Response Programs by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • V2G Infrastructure Installation Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • V2G Capacity Additions Participating in Residential Demand Response Programs by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • V2G Frequency Regulation Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • V2G Fleet Frequency Regulation Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • V2G System Installation Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Installed V2G Capacity Participating in Residential Demand Response Programs by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Installed V2G Capacity Participating in Commercial Demand Response Programs by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • LA AFB Bid, Charging Instruction, and Electricity Flow Chart
  • States with Deregulated Electricity Markets
  • The European Grid’s Five Synchronous Areas
  • Green Crossover Town Project

List of Tables

  • Light Duty PEV Parc by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Fleet PEV Parc by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Fleet MHD PEV Parc by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Total EVSE Unit Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Cumulative EVSE Unit Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • DC Charging Equipment Shipments by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Total Workplace EVSE Unit Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Cumulative Workplace EVSE Unit Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Total Residential EVSE Unit Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Cumulative Residential EVSE Unit Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • V2G-Enabled PEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • V2G-Enabled PEV Parc by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • V2G-Enabled Fleet PEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • V2G-Enabled Fleet PEV Parc by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • V2G-Enabled PEV Storage Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • V2G-Enabled PEV Storage Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • V2G-Enabled Fleet PEV Storage Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • V2G-Enabled Fleet PEV Storage Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • V2G Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Installed V2G Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • V2G Fleet Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Installed V2G Fleet Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • V2G Capacity Additions Participating in Commercial Demand Response Programs by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Installed V2G Capacity Participating in Commercial Demand Response Programs by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • V2G Capacity Additions Participating in Residential Demand Response Programs by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Installed V2G Capacity Participating in Residential Demand Response Programs by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • V2G Capacity Additions Participating in Demand Response Programs by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • Installed V2G Capacity Participating in Demand Response Programs by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • V2G System Installation Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • V2G Infrastructure Installation Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • V2G Vehicle Equipment Installation Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • V2G Frequency Regulation Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
  • V2G Fleet Frequency Regulation Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2022
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Navigant Research Leaderboard Report: Electric Scooters http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/navigant-research-leaderboard-report-electric-scooters http://www.navigantresearch.com/research/navigant-research-leaderboard-report-electric-scooters#comments Sun, 06 Oct 2013 22:16:35 +0000 http://www.navigantresearch.com/?p=58180 Smart Transportation
The worldwide electric scooter (e-scooter) market is growing rapidly, but this growth is radically different from region to region. Asia Pacific is the largest region, with sales accounting for more than 99% of global sales volume. Yet, many of these sales are low-cost vehicles with relatively few features. Western Europe, a dramatically smaller group of [...]]]>
Smart Transportation

The worldwide electric scooter (e-scooter) market is growing rapidly, but this growth is radically different from region to region. Asia Pacific is the largest region, with sales accounting for more than 99% of global sales volume. Yet, many of these sales are low-cost vehicles with relatively few features. Western Europe, a dramatically smaller group of markets, is the second-largest region with significantly higher-priced e-scooters. Despite these differences, the key drivers of the e-scooter market remain remarkably similar around the world: increased acceptance of two-wheel transportation, increasing urbanization and urban density, and demographic shifts toward working age consumers in Asia Pacific countries and younger consumers that are less reliant on automobiles in North America and Western Europe.

Navigant Research Leaderboard Report: Electric Scooters
The result is a dichotomy of e-scooter vendors that offer high-powered scooters that compete in the North American and Western European markets and vendors with cost structures that can compete in the price-sensitive Asia Pacific markets. Those few vendors that have found a path to compete in both types of e-scooter markets with multiple product options are proving to be early leaders. Other are carving out niches that work to varying degrees for their product lines or remain early in their product development cycles. Navigant Research forecasts that global e-scooter sales will grow from 12 million vehicles in 2013 to 18 million in 2020.

This Navigant Research Leaderboard Report examines the strategy and execution of 12 e-scooter vendors that are active in the global e-scooter market and rates them on 12 criteria. These include: vision, go-to-market strategy, partners, product and production strategy, technology, geographic reach, market share, sales and marketing, product quality and reliability, product features, pricing, and staying power. Using Navigant Research’s proprietary Leaderboard methodology, vendors are profiled, rated, and ranked with the goal of providing industry participants with an objective assessment of these companies’ relative strengths and weaknesses in the global e-scooter market.

Top 10 Vendors:

1. Jiangsu Xinri E-Vehicle Co.

2. Vmoto

3. SYM

4. Vectrix

5. Terra Motors

6. GOVECS

7. Yamaha

8. Peugeot

9. iO Scooter

10. BV Nimag (Nimoto)

Key Questions Addressed:
  • What are the key drivers for the electric scooter market?
  • Which electric scooter companies are currently market leaders?
  • Who are the leading players in the electric scooter market?
  • Which electric scooter companies are best positioned to grow based on their strategy and execution?
Who needs this report?
  • Vehicle manufacturers
  • Vehicle component suppliers
  • Vehicle contract assembly companies
  • Battery manufacturers
  • Powersports dealers
  • Fleet managers
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1 Market Introduction

1.2 The Navigant Research Leaderboard Grid

2. Market Overview

2.1 Market Definition

2.2 Market Drivers

2.2.1  Electric Scooters for Transportation

2.2.2  Impact of Urbanization

2.2.3  Demographic Shifts

2.3 Market Barriers

2.4 Market Trends

3. The Navigant Research Leaderboard

3.1 The Navigant Research Leaderboard Categories

3.1.1  Leaders

3.1.2  Contenders

3.1.3  Challengers

3.1.4  Followers

3.2 The Navigant Research Leaderboard Grid

4. Company Rankings

4.1 Leaders

4.1.1  Jiangsu Xinri E-Vehicle Co.

4.2 Contenders

4.2.1  Vmoto

4.2.2  SYM

4.2.3  Vectrix

4.2.4  Terra Motors

4.2.5  GOVECS

4.3 Challengers

4.3.1  Yamaha

4.3.2  Peugeot

4.3.3  iO Scooter

4.3.4  BV Nimag (Nimoto)

4.3.5  Elmoto

4.4 Followers

4.4.1  Honda

5. Company Directory
6. Acronym and Abbreviation List
7. Table of Contents
8. Table of Charts and Figures
9. Scope of Study and Methodology

9.1 Scope of Study

9.2 Sources and Methodology

9.2.1  Vendor Selection

9.2.2  Ratings Scale

9.2.2.1  Score Calculations

9.2.3  Criteria Definitions

9.2.3.1  Strategy

9.2.3.2  Execution

List of Charts and Figures

  • The Navigant Research Leaderboard Grid
  • Annual Electric Scooter Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Jiangsu Xinri E-Vehicle Co. Strategy and Execution Scores
  • Vmoto Strategy and Execution Scores
  • SYM Strategy and Execution Scores
  • Vectrix Strategy and Execution Scores
  • Terra Motors Strategy and Execution Scores
  • GOVECS Strategy and Execution Scores
  • Yamaha Strategy and Execution Scores
  • Peugeot Strategy and Execution Scores
  • iO Scooter Strategy and Execution Scores
  • BV Nimag (Nimoto) Strategy and Execution Scores
  • Elmoto Strategy and Execution Scores
  • Honda Strategy and Execution Scores

List of Tables

  • Comparison of Electric and Gas-Powered Scooter Costs: 2013
  • Annual Electric Scooter Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • Percentage of Electric Scooters with Li-ion Batteries by Region, World Markets: 2013-2020
  • The Navigant Research Leaderboard Overall Scores
  • Vendor Scores
  • Vendor Scores on Strategy Criteria
  • Vendor Scores on Execution Criteria
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