Stop-Start Vehicles

Onboard Energy Storage, Lead-Acid Batteries, Lithium Ion Batteries, and Ultracapacitors: Global Market Analysis and Forecasts

The basic stop-start system is gradually evolving into one piece of a multifaceted approach to improving fuel economy in light duty vehicles. Enabling an automatic engine stop to avoid idling for long periods requires that other systems are also electrified and made more efficient. This spurs the development and implementation of ancillary systems such as air conditioning, power steering, and brake assistance that are only activated when required, rather than being a small but constant drain on engine output. The addition of electrical components also means that better use can be made of energy recovered from regenerative braking, which leads to demand for more onboard energy storage.

North America has been a target market for stop-start systems since the technology was embraced in Western Europe, but initial rollouts were met with a wave of consumer resistance. Manufacturers are now faced with refining system performance to appeal to American drivers. This experience is further evidence that knowledge of local tastes and preferences is vital to the implementation of any automotive technology. Smoother and faster operation is key to stop-start systems gaining acceptance in North America. According to Navigant Research, total global sales for light duty stop-start vehicles (SSVs) are expected to grow from 19 million vehicles in 2015 to nearly 59 million by 2024.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the opportunities and challenges present in the global market for light duty SSVs. The study examines the major components of stop-start systems, with a focus on the technologies used for energy storage, including lead-acid batteries, lithium ion (Li-ion) batteries, and ultracapacitors. Global market forecasts for light duty SSVs, segmented by technology and region, extend through 2024. The report also contains profiles of the key market players and detailed analyses of the benefits and market drivers and barriers related to light duty SSVs.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • What are the different technologies used for energy storage in stop-start vehicles (SSVs)?
  • What new developments in SSV technology can be expected in the future?
  • How do SSVs differ from micro hybrid and mild hybrid vehicles?
  • How quickly will the light duty SSV market grow?
  • How will the light duty SSV market compare to the electric vehicle (EV) and hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) markets?
  • Who are the key players in the SSV market?
  • Why has stop-start technology availability to date been concentrated in Europe?
  • What are the typical savings in emissions and fuel that fleet managers can expect from SSVs?
Who needs this report?
  • Vehicle manufacturers
  • Vehicle component suppliers
  • Battery manufacturers
  • Ultracapacitor manufacturers
  • Electronics suppliers
  • Fleet managers
  • Government agencies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary           

1.1  Stop-Start Systems      

1.2  Key Market Drivers

1.3  Technology Issues

1.4  Forecast Highlights

2. Market Issues       

2.1  Introduction

2.2  Stop-Start Market Background

2.3  Many Names for Stop-Start Technology

2.4  State of the Stop-Start Market

2.4.1   The Stop-Start Market in North America

2.4.2   The Stop-Start Market in Europe

2.4.3   The Stop-Start Market in Asia Pacific

2.4.4   The Stop-Start Market in the Rest of the World

2.5  Market Drivers

2.5.1   Benefits of Stop-Start Technology

2.5.2   Government Regulations

2.5.3   Government Emissions Regulations in North America

2.5.4   Government Emissions Regulations in Europe

2.5.5   Government Emissions Regulations in Asia Pacific

2.6  Corporate Fleets Emissions Reductions

2.7  Market Challenges

2.7.1   OEM Costs for Stop-Start Technology

2.7.2   Consumer Price for Stop-Start Technology

2.7.3   Competition with Hybrid and Electric Vehicles

2.7.4   Varying Fuel Cost

2.8  The Bigger Picture of Vehicle Electrification

3. Technology Issues

3.1  Introduction

3.2  48 V Technology

3.3  Engine Start and Charging Subsystems

3.3.1   Stop-Start Integration Packages

   3.3.1.1  Belt Alternator Starter

   3.3.1.2  Flywheel Alternator Starter

   3.3.1.3  Tandem Solenoid

3.4  Stop-Start Energy Storage

3.4.1   EFB Technology

3.4.2   VRLA Technology

   3.4.2.1  AGM VRLA Technology

   3.4.2.2  Sulfation

3.4.3   Lead-Carbon Ultra Batteries

3.4.4   Li-ion Batteries

3.4.5   Ultracapacitors

3.5  Transmission Considerations for Stop-Start Technology

3.6  Future Developments

4. Key Industry Players        

4.1  Auto Manufacturers

4.1.1   Audi

4.1.2   BMW

4.1.3   Daimler

4.1.4   Fiat Chrysler Automobiles

4.1.5   Ford

4.1.6   GM

4.1.7   Honda

4.1.8   Hyundai/Kia

4.1.9   Jaguar Land Rover

4.1.10 Mazda

4.1.11 Nissan

4.1.12 PSA Peugeot Citroën

4.1.13 Renault

4.1.14 Toyota

4.1.15 Volkswagen

4.1.16 Volvo

4.2  Stop-Start Energy Storage Providers

4.2.1   A123 Systems LLC

4.2.2   Advanced Lead-Acid Battery Consortium

4.2.3   Axion Power

4.2.4   Exide Technologies

4.2.5   GS Yuasa

4.2.6   Ioxus

4.2.7   Johnson Controls

4.2.8   Maxwell Technologies

4.2.9   Nippon Chemi-Con Corp.

4.2.10 PowerGenix

4.2.11 Primearth EV Energy

4.3  Stop-Start Subsystem Suppliers

4.3.1   Bosch

4.3.2   Continental AG

4.3.3   Controlled Power Technologies

4.3.4   Denso

4.3.5   GETRAG

4.3.6   Hella

4.3.7   Ricardo

4.3.8   Schaeffler

4.3.9   Valeo

4.3.10 ZF Friedrichshafen

5. Market Forecasts  

5.1  Introduction

5.2  Global Vehicle Forecast: 2015–2024

5.3  SSV Sales

5.3.1   SSV Sales in North America

5.3.2   SSV Sales in Western Europe

5.3.3   SSV Sales in Asia Pacific

5.3.4   SSVs in Other Regions

5.4  Energy Storage Demand and Revenue

5.4.1   SSVs with Lead-Acid Batteries

5.4.2   SSVs with Li-ion Batteries

5.4.3   SSVs with Ultracapacitors

5.4.4   Overall Energy Storage Revenue for Stop-Start Systems

5.4.5   Overall Energy Storage Capacity

5.5  Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Annual Total Light Duty Stop-Start Vehicle Sales by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Annual Total Light Duty Vehicle Sales by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Annual Total Light Duty Stop-Start Vehicle and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Sales, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Annual Total Light Duty Stop-Start Vehicle Sales by Country and Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Annual Total Stop-Start Vehicle Sales as a Percentage of Total Light Duty Vehicle Sales by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Light Duty Vehicle Sales Penetration by Drivetrain, North America: 2020
  • Light Duty Vehicle Sales Penetration by Drivetrain, Western Europe: 2020
  • Light Duty Vehicle Sales Penetration by Drivetrain, Asia Pacific: 2020
  • Annual Sales of Light Duty Stop-Start Vehicles with Lead-Acid Batteries by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Annual Revenue from Light Duty Stop-Start Vehicles with Lead-Acid Batteries by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Annual Sales of Light Duty Stop-Start Vehicles with Li-ion Batteries by Region, World Markets:
    2015-2024
  • Annual Revenue from Light Duty Stop-Start Vehicles with Li-ion Batteries by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Annual Sales of Light Duty Stop-Start Vehicles with Ultracapacitors by Region, World Markets:
    2015-2024
  • Annual Revenue from Light Duty Stop-Start Vehicles with Ultracapacitors by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Annual Stop-Start Energy Storage Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Annual Stop-Start Energy Storage Capacity by Technology, World Markets: 2015-2024

List of Tables

  • System Functionalities Matrix        
  • Automaker Stop-Start Feature Names
  • U.S. EPA CAFE Regulations Requirements: 2010-2016
  • Stop-Start Vehicle/Hybrid Electric Vehicle Price Comparison, United Kingdom: 2015
  • Stop-Start Vehicle/Hybrid Electric Vehicle Price Comparison, United States: 2015
  • Total Cost of Ownership Comparison by Drivetrain, United States: 2015
  • Stop-Start Systems by Manufacturer, United States, Europe, and Asia Pacific: 2015 Model Year
  • Stop-Start Energy Storage SWOT Analysis: 2015
  • Stop-Start Systems by Supplier, World Markets: 2015
  • Annual Total Light Duty Vehicle Sales by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Annual Total Light Duty Vehicle Sales Growth by Region, World Markets: 2016-2024
  • Annual Total Light Duty Hybrid Electric Vehicle Sales by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Annual Total Light Duty Hybrid Electric Vehicle Sales Growth by Region, World Markets: 2016-2024
  • Annual Total Light Duty Stop-Start Vehicle Sales by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Annual Sales Growth of Total Light Duty Stop-Start Vehicle Sales by Region, World Markets: 2016-2024
  • Annual Total Stop-Start Vehicle Sales as a Percentage of Total Light Duty Vehicle Sales by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Annual Total Light Duty Vehicle Sales by Drivetrain and Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Annual Total Light Duty Vehicle Sales Percentage by Drivetrain and Region, World Markets 2015-2024
  • Annual Sales of Light Duty Stop-Start Vehicles with Lead-Acid Batteries by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Annual Sales Growth of Light Duty Stop-Start Vehicles with Lead-Acid Batteries by Region, World Markets: 2016-2024
  • Annual Revenue from Light Duty Stop-Start Vehicles with Lead-Acid Batteries by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Annual Sales of Light Duty Stop-Start Vehicles with Li-ion Batteries by Region, World Markets:
    2015-2024
  • Annual Sales Growth of Light Duty Stop-Start Vehicles with Li-ion Batteries by Region, World Markets: 2016-2024
  • Annual Revenue from Light Duty Stop-Start Vehicles with Li-ion Batteries by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Annual Sales of Light Duty Stop-Start Vehicles with Ultracapacitors by Region, World Markets:
    2015-2024
  • Annual Sales Growth of Light Duty Stop-Start Vehicles with Ultracapacitors by Region, World Markets: 2016-2024
  • Annual Revenue from Light Duty Stop-Start Vehicles with Ultracapacitors by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Annual Stop-Start Energy Storage Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Annual Stop-Start Energy Storage Revenue by Technology and Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Annual Stop-Start Energy Storage Revenue by Technology, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Annual Stop-Start Energy Storage Revenue Percentage Breakdown by Technology, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Annual Total Stop-Start Systems Installation Breakdown by Technology and Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Annual Stop-Start Energy Storage Capacity by Technology and Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Annual Stop-Start Power Capacity by Technology and Region, World Markets: 2015-2024

Report Details

  • Pages: 83
  • Tables, Charts,
    Figures:
    50
  • Release Date: 2Q 2015

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