Vehicle Grid Integration

Managing Plug-In EVs in Grid Services: Global Market Analysis and Forecasts

With range issues overcome and low costs for energy and maintenance, plug-in EVs (PEVs) are likely to steadily become the leading powertrain in light duty vehicle (LDV) transport by 2050 and in medium and heavy vehicle (MHDV) transport not long after. The electrification of transportation will increase load significantly. While basic load growth is good for the electric power sector, the uneven distribution of that growth within a focused location or at a specific time of day could prove burdensome for utilities. Actively managing and spreading the load across infrastructure assets and time via vehicle grid integration (VGI) technologies will prevent infrastructure upgrade costs and may also decrease grid balancing costs.

Though this may seem like a win-win for the electric power sector, VGI is still a fledgling solution with significant hurdles to overcome. Opportunities for deployment vary significantly by location depending on the confluence of a growing PEV population, an advanced grid, penetration of renewable resources, and encouraging grid regulatory structures. Such confluences are yet rare, but they will grow in number as PEV populations increase, grid operators adapt to new distributed energy resources (DER) technologies, and grid services become increasingly important to grid operation. According to Navigant Research, the global grid services market is expected to grow in capacity from nearly 198 GW in 2017 to more than 516 GW in 2026.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the market opportunity for VGI technologies to be used to support grid reliability and stability. The study considers various policy factors associated with the growth of VGI, as well as significant market drivers and barriers. Global market forecasts for PEVs, networked and bidirectional EVSE, and VGI capacity and revenue extend through 2026. The report also examines the major VGI technologies and case studies and profiles key market participants.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • What challenges may hinder the commercialization of vehicle grid integration (VGI) technologies?
  • Which regulatory structures and grid services are best suited for VGI technologies?
  • Which regional markets are the best near-term opportunities and which are likely long-term opportunities?
  • What key factors influence VGI opportunities?
  • How will the market for VGI technologies be different for fleets and individuals?
  • Which companies are the key VGI market participants and how do they relate to each other?
Who needs this report?
  • Automotive manufacturers and suppliers
  • EV supply equipment (EVSE) manufacturers
  • Utilities
  • Smart grid software companies
  • Grid operators
  • Corporate and government fleets
  • Government agencies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1   Introduction

1.2   Market Forecast

2. Market Issues

2.1   Introduction

2.2   Barriers and Drivers

2.3   Suppliers and Consumers

2.4   Geography

2.4.1   North America

2.4.2   Europe

2.4.3   Asia Pacific

2.5   History

2.5.1   Individually Owned Vehicles

2.5.1.1   Avista Utilities

2.5.1.2   BMW iChargeForward

2.5.2   Fleet Vehicles

2.5.2.1   Light Commercial Vehicles

2.5.2.2   Buses

3. Technology Issues

3.1   Introduction

3.2   Equipment Capacity

3.2.1   Bidirectional Power

3.3   Management Software

3.4   Standards

4. Key Industry Players

4.1   Introduction

4.2   Hardware

4.2.1   BMW

4.2.2   eMotorWerks

4.2.3   Enel

4.2.4   First Priority GreenFleet

4.2.5   Ford

4.2.6   Nissan

4.2.7   Princeton Power

4.3   Software

4.3.1   FleetCarma

4.3.2   Greenlots

4.3.3   Kisensum

4.3.4   NUVVE

4.4   Aggregators

4.5   Industry Stakeholders

4.5.1   EPRI

4.5.2   Berkeley Lab

4.5.3   University of California

4.5.4   University of Delaware

5. Market Forecasts

5.1   Methodology

5.2   Networked Charging

5.3   Bidirectional Charging

5.4   Grid Services

5.5   Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Acronym and Abbreviation List
7. Table of Contents
8. Table of Charts and Figures
9. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • VGI Technology and Services Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2017-2026
  • PEV Population of Light, Medium, and Heavy Duty by Region, World Markets: 2017-2026
  • Total EVSE Ports by Region, World Markets: 2017-2026
  • Networked EVSE Ports in Long-Term Parking Opportunities by Region, World Markets: 2017-2026
  • Bidirectional Charger Sales by Region, World Markets: 2017-2026
  • VGI Addressable Capacity Potential by Region, World Markets: 2017-2026
  • VGI Actual Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2017-2026
  • Hourly Electricity Demand and Real-Time Energy Prices, PJM Interconnection: July 13, 2013-July 19, 2013
  • BMW iCharge Forward Program
  • California School Bus V2G Economic Modeling
  • VGI Market Supply Chain

List of Tables

  • Minimum Capacity Requirements of Major Grid Services Markets
  • Major North American ISO/RTO Grid Services Markets
  • ENSTO-E Synchronous Areas
  • Asia Pacific Markets, Regulatory Structure, and Estimated Grid Services Demand
  • VGI Projects for Individually Owned Vehicles
  • Fleet VGI Projects
  • Standards Affecting VGI
  • Key Hardware Suppliers
  • Key Software Providers
  • Aggregators in Early Markets
  • Key Stakeholders in Early Adopting Markets
  • Light Duty PEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2012-2016
  • Light Duty PEV Population by Region, World Markets: 2017-2026
  • Medium/Heavy Duty PEV Population by Region, World Markets: 2017-2026
  • Light Duty PEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2017-2026
  • Medium/Heavy Duty PEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2017-2026
  • Installed EVSE Ports by Region, World Markets: 2017-2026
  • Networked EVSE Ports in Long-Term Destination Parking Locations by Region, World Markets: 2017-2026
  • Bidirectional Charging Ports by Region, World Markets: 2017-2026
  • Networked EVSE Unit Installations by Region, World Markets: 2017-2026
  • Bidirectional Unit Installations by Region, World Markets: 2017-2026
  • Grid Services Market Size by Region, World Markets: 2017-2026
  • Installed Charging Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2017-2026
  • Networked Long-Term Parking Charging Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2017-2026
  • Installed Fleet Parking Charging Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2017-2026
  • VGI Addressable Potential (Adjusted for Availability) by Region, World Markets: 2017-2026
  • V1G Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2017-2026
  • V2G Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2017-2026
  • VGI Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2017-2026
  • Networking Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2017-2026
  • Bidirectional EVSE Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2017-2026
  • VGI Grid Services Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2017-2026

{"userID":"","pageName":"Vehicle Grid Integration","path":"\/research\/vehicle-grid-integration?shared=email&msg=fail","date":"2\/18\/2018"}