Wireless Control Systems for Smart Buildings

Proprietary Wireless RF, ZigBee, EnOcean, Wi-Fi, Z-Wave, Bluetooth,
and Other Wireless Protocols for HVAC, Lighting, Fire & Life Safety, and Security & Access Control Systems

While building automation and controls have been used for decades, wireless is becoming the catalyst for enabling more granular and immediate control over building systems. Wireless controls offer economic benefits due to the savings in labor costs for installation and maintenance compared with wired systems. The ability to install sensors and devices in buildings that cannot easily be torn apart to put in wiring (such as historical buildings) provides savings in costs, as well.

Wireless controls can be used to link devices found in a variety of building systems, including heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC), lighting, fire & life safety, and security & access. The use of wireless local networks in consumer and commercial environments has increased dramatically over the past decade. In particular, Wi-Fi technology has enabled users who found traditional networking too costly or complicated to quickly connect existing devices. Yet, although many proponents of wireless technology cite the advantage of being able to easily position and reposition devices, building owners and managers remain skeptical about reliability and security. Navigant Research forecasts that global revenue from wireless nodes for building controls will grow from $84.8 million in 2013 to $434.0 million in 2023.

This Navigant Research report examines the state of the global wireless building controls industry with a focus on commercial buildings and four system types: HVAC, lighting, fire & life safety, and security & access. The study provides an analysis of the market drivers and opportunities, as well as technical challenges, related to wireless building controls. Global market forecasts for wireless node unit shipments and revenue, broken out by region, wireless technology, system, and device, extend through 2023. The report also examines the development of both propriety and standards-based wireless technologies and provides profiles of key industry players, including lighting controls vendors, wireless controls solutions providers, and enabling technology suppliers.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • How many wireless nodes will be deployed in the global wireless building controls market through 2023?
  • How will annual unit shipments of wireless nodes vary by region, wireless technology, and system and device type?
  • What types of devices are likely to be wireless?
  • Which building functions or applications will benefit the most from wireless controls?
  • What are the primary wireless technologies used in wireless building controls installations around the world?
Who needs this report?
  • Building controls integrators
  • Wireless controls vendors
  • Wired building controls manufacturers
  • Building energy management system providers
  • Commercial building managers and operators
  • Industry associations
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Wireless Building Controls

1.2  Market Drivers

1.3  Key Technologies

1.4  Opportunities and Challenges

2. Market Issues  

2.1  Overview of Wireless Building Controls

2.2  Market Drivers for Wireless Building Controls

2.2.1   Cost Considerations

   2.2.1.1  Wireless Module Costs

   2.2.1.2  Labor Costs for Pulling Wire

   2.2.1.3  Copper

   2.2.1.4  Operational Disruptions

   2.2.1.5  Technical Support Costs

   2.2.1.6  Cost Analysis of Wired and Wireless Deployments

2.2.2   Flexibility

2.2.3   Layout and Space Design Considerations

2.2.4   Productivity Considerations

2.2.5   Adherence to Building Codes and Green Certifications

   2.2.5.1  California Code of Regulations, Title 24

   2.2.5.2  ANSI/ASHRAE/IES Standard 90.1

2.2.6   New Buildings versus Retrofits

   2.2.6.1  New Buildings

   2.2.6.2  Building Retrofits

      2.2.6.2.1.  Use in Historical Structures or Challenging Installation Environments

2.2.7   Reduction of Maintenance and Operational Costs

2.2.8   Security

2.3  Market Opportunities for Wireless Building Controls

2.3.1   Current Utilization Levels and Scenarios

   2.3.1.1  HVAC

   2.3.1.2  Lighting

   2.3.1.3  Fire & Life Safety

   2.3.1.4  Security & Access Control

2.4  Technical Challenges

2.5  Environmental Considerations

2.6  Future Utilization

2.7  Changes in Wireless Supplier Landscape

3. Technology Issues

3.1  Building Controls Architectures Overview

3.1.1   BASs

3.1.2   BMSs

3.2  Types of Automation Protocols

3.2.1   BACnet

3.2.2   LonWorks

3.2.3   KNX

3.2.4   DALI

3.2.5   Modbus

3.2.6   oBIX

3.2.7   Metasys N2

3.3  Proprietary versus Open Standards

3.3.1    Evolution toward IP Networking

3.3.1.1     Potential IP Standard

3.4  Types of Wireless Communications Architectures and Designs

3.4.1   Point-to-Point

3.4.2   Point-to-Multipoint

3.4.3   Mesh

3.5  Technology Considerations

3.5.1   Data Throughput

3.5.2   Transmit Power and Range

3.5.3   Frequency Ranges

3.5.4   Security

3.5.5   Configurability

3.5.6   Interference with Other Systems

3.5.7   Reliability

3.5.8   Power Consumption

3.5.9   Energy Harvesting Capabilities

3.6  Wireless Technologies Not Suitable for Commercial Building Controls

3.7  Wireless Communications Technologies for Smart Buildings

3.7.1   Sub-GHz Proprietary Solutions

3.7.2   ZigBee

   3.7.2.1  Technology

   3.7.2.2  ZigBee Device Types

   3.7.2.3  Power Consumption

   3.7.2.4  ZigBee Application Profiles

      3.7.2.4.1.   ZBA

   3.7.2.5  ZigBee PRO and Green Power

   3.7.2.6  ZigBee IP

3.7.3   EnOcean

   3.7.3.1  Technology

3.7.4   Wi-Fi

   3.7.4.1  Technology

   3.7.4.2  Challenges

3.7.5   Z-Wave

3.7.6   Bluetooth

3.8  Embedded Modules Controls

3.9  Typical Configuration Scenarios

3.9.1   Separate Systems Using Gateways

3.9.2   Fully Integrated and Interoperable

3.10  Emerging Wireless Technology

4. Key Industry Players 

4.1  Overview

4.2  Leading Wireless Lighting Controls Vendors

4.2.1   Acuity Brands, Inc.

4.2.2   Leviton Manufacturing Co., Inc.

4.2.3   Lutron Electronics Co., Inc.

4.2.4   WattStopper

4.3  Leading Global Equipment and Service Providers

4.3.1   Honeywell International Inc.

4.3.2   Johnson Controls, Inc.

4.3.3   Schneider Electric SA

4.3.4   Siemens Building Technologies

4.3.5   Trane

4.4  Selected Lighting Controls Solutions Providers

4.4.1   Crestron Electronics

4.4.2   Daintree Networks, Inc.

4.4.3   Digital Lumens Inc.

4.4.4   Electronic Theatre Controls, Inc.

4.4.5   Enlighted Inc.

4.4.6   GE Total Lighting Control

4.4.7   Hubbell Building Automation

4.4.8   OSRAM GmbH

4.5  Selected Wireless Controls Providers

4.5.1   Echoflex Solutions

4.5.2   Seldera

4.5.3   Thermokon Sensortechnik

4.5.4   WEMS International

4.6  Enabling Technology Suppliers

4.6.1   EnOcean GmbH

4.6.2   Freescale Semiconductor

4.6.3   GainSpan

4.6.4   NXP Semiconductors (Jennic)

4.6.5   Silicon Laboratories, Inc.

4.7  Industry Associations

5. Market Forecasts 

5.1  Forecast Methodology

5.2  Forecast Assumptions

5.3  Worldwide Forecasts

5.4  North America Forecasts

5.5  Europe Forecasts

5.6  Asia Pacific Forecasts

5.7  Rest of World Forecasts

5.8  Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Wireless Node Revenue by System Type, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Historical Copper Production and Reserves, World Markets: 2004-2013
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by System Type, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Wireless HVAC Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Lighting Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Fire & Life Safety Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Security & Access Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by System Type, North America: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology, North America: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Revenue by Wireless Technology, North America: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by System Type, Europe: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology, Europe: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Revenue by Wireless Technology, Europe: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by System Type, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Revenue by Wireless Technology, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by System Type, Rest of World: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology, Rest of World: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Revenue by Wireless Technology, Rest of World: 2013-2023
  • Meredith College Sensor and Control System Quotes
  • Example HVAC BAS Components
  • Schematic of System Definitions
  • Building Control Networking Layer Comparison
  • BACnet Collapsed Architecture
  • Modbus Protocol Stack
  • IP Stack Overview
  • Standard Network Star Topology
  • ZigBee Network Topology
  • Leviton EnOcean-Powered Wireless Occupancy Sensor
  • Wireless Configuration Scenarios

List of Tables

  • Frequency Ranges Used in Building Wireless Systems
  • Comparison of Wireless Communications Protocols
  • Acuity Brands SWOT Analysis
  • Leviton SWOT Analysis
  • Lutron SWOT Analysis
  • WattStopper SWOT Analysis
  • Industry Associations
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology and System Type, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Revenue by Wireless Technology and System Type, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Revenue by Wireless Technology, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Controls Penetration Rate by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by System Type, North America: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Device Type and System Type, North America: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology and System Type, North America: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Revenue by Wireless Technology and System Type, North America: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology, North America: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Revenue by Wireless Technology, North America: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by System Type, Europe: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Device Type and System Type, Europe: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology and System Type, Europe: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Revenue by Wireless Technology and System Type, Europe: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology, Europe: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Revenue by Wireless Technology, Europe: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by System Type, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Device Type and System Type, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology and System Type, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Revenue by Wireless Technology and System Type, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Revenue by Wireless Technology, Asia Pacific: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by System Type, Rest of World: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Device Type and System Type, Rest of World: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology and System Type, Rest of World: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Revenue by Wireless Technology and System Type, Rest of World: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Unit Shipments by Wireless Technology, Rest of World: 2013-2023
  • Wireless Node Revenue by Wireless Technology, Rest of World: 2013-2023

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