In our initial blog in this series, Take Control of Your Future – Megatrends Part I, we discussed seven megatrends that are fundamentally changing how we produce and use power. In this blog (Part VIII), we will discuss the emerging Energy Cloud, how this is driving the energy transition in Europe, and how utilities can build competitive advantage.
There is widespread consensus that a historic transformation of the utility industry is now well underway, and Europe is leading the way. From the move to cleaner generation resources to the prolific rise of distributed energy resources (DER) to customer empowerment to digitisation efforts across the value chain, disruptive changes are transforming the way power is produced and consumed. The result is an increasingly intelligent grid that is cleaner, more distributed, flexible, and efficient. We call this the Energy Cloud.
In the Energy Cloud, as described in Navigant’s Navigating the Energy Transformation white paper, changing customer needs, evolving policy and regulation, and accelerating technology innovation and integration will drive the creation of more distributed transactions and dynamic business models, a more sophisticated two-way grid platform, and a rapidly evolving ecosystem. Sitting on the cusp of major market evolution, innovation is accelerating beyond one-off, standalone technologies (e.g., renewables) and the pairing of these technologies (e.g., solar plus storage) toward the orchestration of complex ecosystems of technologies working in concert to deliver more flexible, responsive, and customer-centric services. Moving beyond siloed technologies, for example, ongoing digitisation efforts are laying the foundation for dynamic platforms that combine technologies and services like integrated DER (iDER), smart cities, Internet of Things (IoT), and transactive energy. These platforms provide fertile testing grounds for industry incumbents as well as disruptors and are expected to result in €400 billion (~$446 billion) in new annual industry revenue by 2030 in Europe. This future state is no longer a question of if, but rather, when—and more importantly, how.
The Energy Cloud
A 2030 Energy Cloud Scenario
European utilities are at various stages of integrating distributed generation (DG), demand response, energy efficiency, EVs, and electric storage. Navigant expects this trend to accelerate. Based on our forecasts, DER is expected to grow more than 5 times faster than new central station generation in the next 10 years in Europe. That makes DER one of the most disruptive factors affecting the grid today and into the future. Under an aggressive scenario, we describe a transformative Energy Cloud ecosystem in 2030 as follows:
- Utility-scale and distributed renewables account for 50%-100% of generation; DER uptake is widespread, accounting for a vast majority of new build capacity.
- Annual industry revenue reaches more than $1 trillion in Europe in 2030, resulting in more than $8.7 trillion in cumulative revenue generated between 2016 and 2030 across the region. Digital innovations (i.e., information and operations technology, data analytics, and connectivity) account for more than one-fifth of total revenue generation.
- Revenue across the electric value chain shifts significantly downstream toward the edge of the grid and beyond (customer side of the meter). Revenue and cost allocation of generation and supply and new energy services effectively swap. Cost and revenue of distribution and customer energy management represent more than half of revenue allocation across the value chain.
- Grid boundaries are expanded, integrating the existing infrastructure with behind-the-meter building energy networks and community-scale nanogrid and microgrid infrastructure, as well as supergrids linking power networks that extend across geographic regions well beyond traditional state-nation boundaries.
- The distributed, intelligent grid gives way to a neural grid that is nearly autonomous, self-healing, and leverages innovations in artificial intelligence and cyber-physical systems (i.e., IoT, self-driving EVs, and the smart grid). The application of blockchain technology gives rise to peer-to-peer power exchanges and transactive energy.
How to Build Competitive Advantage
The most critical part of the Energy Cloud transition is balancing ongoing investments in the core grid and additional dynamic platforms that support new technologies, products, and services. Over time, the total volume (and with that, revenue) that flows through the core centralised assets will decrease. These assets will increasingly become at risk of being stranded, and they may become obsolete or financially unsustainable. Asset owners must plan now to mitigate this risk to minimise the cost to incumbent utilities, customers, and society.
Utilities play a key role in this transition. They must integrate new platforms, technologies, products, and services with the existing infrastructure, transforming their organisations into network orchestrators so that the full value of distributed energy is captured while the impact of stranded assets is understood and managed. Existing planning mechanisms, like strategic plans (with typically a 5-year horizon) and integrated resource plans (typically 30 years), are insufficient. A medium-term strategic identity and growth plan (10-15 years) and an agile Energy Cloud Playbook (6-12 months) are needed to pinpoint the trends, opportunities, and threats and introduce new technologies and business models that address merging markets and client needs.
To help navigate our clients in this changing landscape, Navigant has developed an Energy Cloud Playbook. The first step in the Energy Cloud Playbook is an assessment of your current status and level of preparedness. Navigant’s multifaceted iDER Maturity Model provides an assessment of a utility’s progress in DER integration capability. We start with a blueprint for what a fully integrated DER system looks like, and then define five levels of iDER maturity based on that blueprint. We will assess your strategy, organisation, and operations against these maturity levels.
iDER Maturity Model
Final Advice: Take Control of Your Future
No two markets are alike, and the Energy Cloud transformation will play out differently across European countries, reflecting unique on-the-ground realities. While not all strategic pathways to navigate this transformation will be appropriate (or even successful) for all players across all markets, those that already acknowledge the complexity of the challenge ahead have an advantage. Facing more uncertainty, industry stakeholders—and utilities in particular—will need to adopt a more agile mindset to maneuver their organisations and position for long-term success.
After assessing your iDER maturity, current and future state, and benchmarking it against your peers, an integrated DER strategy, architecture, and roadmap needs to be developed. Through pilot and demonstration projects, your strategy, go-to-market approach, and business case assumptions will be tested, after which viable and market-ready products and services will be implemented. Stakeholder engagement and change management are key to get the right level of buy-in and develop the organization. Measuring and verifying the actual value of the new products and services will be the basis for adjustment of the strategy and fine-tuning of your Energy Cloud Playbook.
Energy Cloud Playbook
The tipping points are clear and the megatrends discussed cannot be underestimated. We are only at the beginning. These trends are accelerating transformation in the energy industry, enabling the entry of new players, putting pressure on incumbent players, and altering traditional strategies and business models. We will likely enter into a 20-year period of uncertainty, trial and error, successes, and many failures as we figure out ways to transform our power generation, delivery, and consumption systems to an orchestrated, agile, open, and efficient Energy Cloud platform. Organisations will need to adapt, and there will be winners and losers as this transformation takes shape.
Navigant’s advice to senior leadership of energy companies is to take an integrated, holistic view of the opportunities and challenges that are flowing from these megatrends. To help you, Navigant has developed the Energy Cloud Playbook, which describes the steps you should take. Only then will you be able understand the full impacts and path forward. And that is the only way you can really take control of your future.
Navigant is at the forefront of what is happening in our industry. We collaborate with our clients to help them navigate the rapidly changing energy landscape. Learn more about our clients, projects, solution offerings, team, and the Energy Cloud Playbook at www.navigant.com/industries/energy.