Navigant Research Blog

ITS Applications as a Key Element of the Smart City

— October 5, 2017

Coauthored by Ryan Citron

As urban areas see increasingly ubiquitous connectivity, opportunities for intelligent transportation system (ITS) applications are growing. ITS is a mature market and is a standard part of public agencies’ planning and operations tool kits. However, with individuals now continually online through mobile devices and the advent of the Internet of Things (IoT), ITS applications are growing in complexity and sophistication. ITS applications are also being tied into the broader smart city movement, which includes all aspects of city services, such as energy, buildings, water, and waste management.

Consumer Expectations

Consumers of transportation services increasingly expect dynamic real-time information on and access to a range of mobility options. At the same time, cities and other transportation agencies want visibility into all aspects of the transportation landscape and the ability to respond in real-time. The increasing availability of real-time data on traffic and transit services is providing new tools to city managers for both operation optimization and new services to users. In Helsinki, for example, the bus service operator Helsingin Bussiliikenne Oy (HelB) worked with IT services company CGI to improve its competitiveness through the use of sensors and data analytics on service performance.

Observing ITS Applications

Navigant Research’s recent report on the ITS market, Intelligent Transportation Systems, focuses on advanced ITS applications such as active traffic management, advanced traveler information services, and solutions that provide single access to a range of transportation modes.

While these types of services have the potential to provide significant benefits in improved mobility, reduced congestion, lower emissions from vehicle traffic, and optimized use of space within a city, most public agencies are still exploring how and at what pace they can incorporate advanced ITSs into their transportation systems. There are issues of cost, which can be significant, along with inadequate funding levels, complexity of data aggregation and analysis, and difficulty getting coordination across multiple agencies with responsibility for transportation and infrastructure. Cities that have led the way in adopting advanced ITS services can be useful guides to what works in different city environments.

Examples of City ITS Innovations

The Smart Cities Pavilion that will be open at the 2017 ITS World Congress is showcasing a handful of cities that have innovated in ITS applications like traffic management, transit services, and integrated mobility. The cities announced as exhibitors are Montreal, Canada (the ITS World Congress host city); Columbus, Ohio; Singapore; Copenhagen, Denmark; and Christchurch, New Zealand. The selection represents a wide range in terms of geography and population size/density from the ultra-dense Singapore with its population of around 5.6 million to the comparatively small city of Christchurch at under 400,000.

It should be interesting to see the similarities and the differences that come with these contrasting environments, as well as how they fit into the broader smart city activities underway in each locale. Event organizers have indicated that the smart cities pavilion will offer experiential exhibitions around the themes of Urban Mobility, Engaged Citizenry, Smart Security, Economic Cluster, and Smart Democracy. These themes go beyond transportation, placing ITS in the larger smart city context that cities are looking to implement.

I will be attending the 2017 ITS World Congress, being held this year in Montreal, from October 29 to November 2. The event features a large roster of speakers and exhibitors covering all aspects of ITSs. See the conference website for more details.

 

IBM Tackles Transport Snarls in China

— March 1, 2012

IBM has announced its first major customer for the Intelligent Transportation solution it introduced last year. The project is with the Chinese city of Zhenjiang, where IBM is working with the local municipality to deliver an integrated transport management system as part of the “Smarter Zhenjiang, Smarter Tourism” project. Zhenjiang is a city of 3 million people in eastern China and is an important regional hub situated near the Yangtze River and the Grand Canal.

The new system is based on IBM’s Intelligent Operations Center for Smarter Cities (IOC) and will provide a real-time picture of the city’s traffic network with the aim of alleviating congestion, improving traffic management, and providing a better travel experience for citizens and visitors.

A core component of the project is a bus scheduling system that will help increase the efficiency of public transportation. The system will help Zhenjiang manage over 1,000 public transportation vehicles, over 80 city bus routes and 400 upgraded bus stations. A sensor system will collect data from smart devices in buses and bus stations and feed these to the IOC, where the data will be analyzed to help transit personnel adjust bus routes, frequencies, and bus station locations.

IBM China Research Laboratory is working with the city to create what it calls a Transit Route Network Optimization Planning System (TOPS). TOPS will provide a simulation platform for transit fleet and passenger flow on the network. It will draw on a variety of historical and real-time data sources and use predictive analysis to enable proactive management of the transport and transit system.

Amidst the stream of smart city project announcements, this one stands out for a number of reasons.

First, the project is concrete evidence of how China is looking to smart solutions to address the challenges of urban growth. Most analysis of the smart city market, including our own, presumes that China will eventually be at the forefront of smart city development, but to date, actual projects on anything approaching city-scale have been thin on the ground so far. Our report, Smart Cities, identified transport as the segment of the market where Asia, and particularly China, would grow fastest because of the impact of congestion on economic growth and sustainability. According to IBM, China is building more public transit systems than the rest of the world combined, and the country can’t cope with its rising transport demand without more intelligent management.

Second, the project builds on and develops some key innovations in transport management. This will be a state-of-the art system that not only monitors congestion but also uses predictive analytics to proactively manage traffic flows – through the routing of buses to meet demand and avoid bottlenecks, for example. Based on its work with Singapore and other cities, IBM claims its systems can now predict congestion build ups between 5 and 30 minutes ahead of problems arising, allowing traffic managers to take mitigating action.

Third, this is an early vindication for IBM of its IOC model for city management. The base of the system is the IOC platform, customized to meet the needs of the city and enhanced with the new capabilities being developed by its research arm in China.  IBM has the opportunity to build a positive feedback loop as innovations made in Zhenjiang feed back into the solution set and make it even more relevant to the issues facing other cities.

 

Blog Articles

Most Recent

By Date

Tags

Clean Transportation, Digital Utility Strategies, Electric Vehicles, Energy Technologies, Finance & Investing, Policy & Regulation, Renewable Energy, Smart Energy Program, Transportation Efficiencies, Utility Transformations

By Author


{"userID":"","pageName":"Intelligent Transportation Systems","path":"\/tag\/intelligent-transportation-systems","date":"5\/22\/2018"}