Cleantech Market Intelligence
South Korea Draws an Ambitious Roadmap for Smart Grids and Smart Cities
South Korea has ambitions to be a world leader in smart grid technology. The smart grid test bed on Jeju Island has been the proving ground for the technologies, partnerships, and business models required to achieve this goal. Led by Korea Electric Power Corporation (KEPCO), South Korea’s national power company, the Jeju Island demonstration project involved a wide range of South Korean and international partners. The project ran from December 2009 until May 2013, had a total budget of around $240 million, and included two substations, four distribution lines, and 6,000 households. The sub-projects included power grid upgrades, demand response, electric vehicles (EVs), renewable power integration, and new energy market models.
In this regard, Jeju Island mirrors many other smart grid pilots around the world looking at the integration of multiple technologies and new business models, particularly island community smart grid projects such those in Hawaii and Bornholm.
From Islands to Cities
South Korea is different in that the government has now laid out plans to move beyond its initial demonstration project into a wider series of trials and eventually a national rollout of smart grid technologies. The next phase will involve a series of eight smart grid/smart community projects, to be run between 2015 and 2017. More impressively, KEPCO has laid out plans to extend these projects into a series of municipal-scale smart grids by 2020. The final stage of this grand scheme will see smart grid technologies deployed across the whole country by 2030.
The total budget for the pilot projects is $876 million, around $400 million of which will come from central and local governments and the rest from the private sector. KEPCO alone is investing $155 million. The government expects the private sector to take the lead in further development from 2018 onward. As well as smart meters, an EV charging infrastructure, and energy storage, KEPCO is piloting a smart grid station that will provide sophisticated energy management and grid integration for commercial buildings, beginning with up to 220 KEPCO buildings. It sees these smart grid stations as building blocks for community energy management systems and city-scale energy management.
Big City Vision
These are ambitious plans, and some of the South Korean experts I spoke with at Korea Smart Grid Week were skeptical about the ability of the government, KEPCO, and other stakeholders to meet the proposed timescales. However, even if those timescales prove challenging, the vision and the roadmap are impressive. I don’t know of any other country that has laid out a plan of this magnitude that would see smart grid technologies deployed across all of its major cities by 2020. Such an achievement really would mark South Korea out as a world leader in both smart grid and smart city infrastructure.