3Q 2018

Direct Current Distribution Networks

Cell Tower, Commercial Building, Data Center, Energy Access, Military, and EV Fast Charging Applications

The market for direct current (DC) distribution networks is not a single, cohesive market. Rather, it encompasses several disparate opportunities that revolve around different market assumptions, dynamics, and drivers. Most of the progress in developing DC-based technologies has occurred at either high voltage (more than 1,000 V) or low voltage (less than 100 V) levels of electricity service. Since many microgrids and building-scale nanogrids typically operate at voltage ranges between those extremes (roughly 240 V-400 V), a range DC advocates have defined as medium voltage, much work needs to be done to bridge this voltage innovation gap.

The core challenge facing DC distribution networks lies with the need for standards and open grid architectures that can help integrate the increasing diversity of resources being plugged into retail power grids. Even DC advocates maintain that distribution networks operating at the municipal or utility distribution grid level may always remain alternating current (AC) systems. The efficiency gains accrued by sticking with DC instead of converting to AC (and then back to DC) are not as great at this voltage level. This may remain the sweet spot for AC technology, serving the vital role of interconnecting large wholesale transfers from high voltage DC (HVDC). DC microgrids and nanogrids could extend the life of the incumbent AC distribution system by taking loads off that system in an intelligent and dynamic way.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the global market for DC distribution networks in six key segments: remote cell towers, commercial buildings, data centers, energy access programs, military, and EV fast charging systems. The study examines the market issues, including DC power trends and business cases (for DC and AC), related to DC distribution networks. Global market forecasts, broken out by segment, voltage level, and region, extend through 2027. The report also examines the key segments related to DC distribution networks, as well as the competitive landscape.

Pages 43
Tables | Charts | Figures 36
  • What is the fundamental value proposition behind direct current (DC)?
  • Which players are the primary vendors pushing innovative DC products and business models?
  • Which DC distribution network market segments are leading today in terms of revenue?
  • Which market segments will boast the largest annual capacity over the next decade?
  • Where and at which voltage level is DC gaining the most market traction?
  • Which applications are driving higher adoption rates of DC distribution networks?
  • How do DC distribution networks contribute to an emerging Energy Cloud ecosystem?
  • Solar PV manufacturers
  • Small wind turbine companies
  • Microgrid developers
  • Data center operators
  • Utilities
  • EV manufacturers
  • Commercial building owners and developers
  • Military contractors
  • Investor community

1. Executive Summary

1.1   Direct Current Distribution Networks: Market Overview

1.2   Market Segments

1.3   Market Forecasts

2. Market Issues

2.1   Why Direct Current – and Why Now?

2.2   Current DC Power Market Trends

2.2.1   High Voltage DC

2.2.2   Low Voltage DC

2.2.3   Medium Voltage DC Standards

2.3   Business Case for AC Distribution

2.4   Business Case for DC Distribution

2.5   DC Distribution Market Segments

2.6   Low Voltage DC Market Segments

2.6.1   DC Remote Cell Towers

2.6.2   DC Energy Access Systems

2.6.3   DC Military Applications

2.7   Medium Voltage DC Segments

2.7.1   DC Commercial Buildings

2.7.2   DC Data Centers

2.7.3   DC EV Fast Charging

3. Key Industry Players

3.1   Competitive Landscape for DC Enabling Technologies

3.1.1   ABB

3.1.2   ARDA Power

3.1.3   Bosch

3.1.4   EnSync Energy Systems

3.1.5   Moixa

3.1.6   Nextek Power Systems

3.1.7   Pika Energy

3.1.8   Vertiv       

3.1.9   VoltServer

4. Market Forecasts

4.1   DC Distribution Networks: Methodology for Capacity and Implementation Spending by Segment and Region

4.2   DC Market Segments

4.3   Low Voltage Market Segments

4.3.1   DC Remote Cell Towers

4.3.2   DC Energy Access Systems

4.3.3   DC Military Applications

4.4   Medium Voltage Levels

4.4.1   DC Commercial Buildings

4.4.2   DC Data Centers

4.4.3   DC EV Fast Charging

4.5   DC Distribution Networks: The Big Picture

4.6   Conclusions and Recommendations

5. Acronym and Abbreviation List

6. Table of Contents

7. Table of Charts and Figures

8. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

  • Annual DC Distribution Network Capacity and Implementation Spending by Region, World Markets: 2018-2027
  • Annual DC Remote Cell Tower Distribution Network Capacity and Implementation Spending by Region, World Markets: 2018-2027
  • Annual DC Energy Access Distribution Network Capacity and Implementation Spending by Region, World Markets: 2018-2027
  • Annual Remote DC Distribution Capacity and Implementation Spending, US DOD: 2018-2027
  • Annual DC Commercial Building Distribution Network Capacity and Implementation Spending by Region, World Markets: 2018-2027
  • Annual DC Data Center Distribution Network Capacity and Implementation Spending by Region, World Markets: 2018-2027
  • Annual DC EV Fast Charging Capacity and Implementation Spending by Region, World Markets: 2018-2027
  • Annual DC Transmission and Distribution Networks Implementation Spending by Voltage Level, World Markets: 2018-2027
  • Annual DC Transmission and Distribution Networks Implementation Spending by Region, World Markets: 2018-2027
  • Toward a Universal DC Distribution System via Nanogrids and Microgrids
  • AC Distribution SWOT Analysis
  • DC Distribution SWOT Analysis
  • DC Remote Cell Tower SWOT Analysis
  • DC Energy Access SWOT Analysis
  • DC Military Applications SWOT Analysis
  • DC Commercial Buildings SWOT Analysis
  • DC Data Center SWOT Analysis
  • DC EV Fast Charging SWOT Analysis
  • Annual DC Distribution Network Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2018-2027
  • Annual DC Distribution Network Implementation Spending by Region, World Markets: 2018-2027
  • Annual DC Distribution Network Capacity by Segment and Region, World Markets: 2018-2027
  • Annual DC Distribution Network Implementation Spending by Segment and Region, World Markets: 2018-2027
  • Annual DC Remote Cell Tower Distribution Network Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2018-2027
  • Annual DC Remote Cell Tower Distribution Network Implementation Spending by Region, World Markets: 2018-2027
  • Annual DC Commercial Building Distribution Network Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2018-2027
  • Annual DC Commercial Building Distribution Network Implementation Spending by Region, World Markets: 2018-2027
  • Annual DC Data Center Distribution Network Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2018-2027
  • Annual DC Data Center Distribution Network Implementation Spending by Region, World Markets: 2018-2027
  • Annual DC Energy Access Distribution Network Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2018-2027
  • Annual DC Energy Access Distribution Network Implementation Spending by Region, World Markets: 2018-2027
  • Annual DC Remote Distribution Network Capacity, US DOD: 2018-2027
  • Annual DC Remote Distribution Network Implementation Spending, US DOD: 2018-2027
  • Annual DC EV Charging Ports Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2018-2027
  • Annual DC EV Charging Ports Implementation Spending by Region, World Markets: 2018-2027
  • Annual DC Transmission and Distribution Networks Implementation Spending by Voltage Level and Region, World Markets: 2018-2027
  • Annual DC Transmission and Distribution Networks Implementation Spending by Voltage Level, World Markets: 2018-2027
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