4Q 2019

Distributed Energy Storage Overview

Market Trends, Business Models, and Global Market Forecasts

The distributed energy storage industry has seen significant growth during the past 5 years due to several key factors. Distributed energy storage systems (DESSs) are inherently flexible, can be deployed rapidly, have the potential to provide multiple grid and customer benefits, and can generate multiple value streams. Breakthroughs in adjacent digital technologies, including artificial intelligence, blockchain, and predictive analytics, are facilitating the emergence of DESSs as a key enabling technology for aggregated distributed energy resources (DER) solutions that are propelling DESS projects toward economic viability and improved bankability.

Utilities around the world are recognizing the benefits of DESSs and launching programs to deploy DESSs on their electrical systems. Utility involvement, cost declines, government incentives, and increased solar PV integration are the primary growth drivers responsible for increased DESS deployments. New market participation models that enable system owners to capture multiple value streams, combined with innovative business and ownership models that share the costs and control of systems between utilities and their customers, are emerging as important enablers of continued DESS growth around the world.

This report from Navigant Research, a Guidehouse company, provides an update on the market drivers, challenges, key trends, and growth projections for the global DESS industry, including battery energy storage systems, thermal energy storage systems, and remote microgrids. Additional insight is provided on the leading technologies and players across various elements of the DESS value chain. Forecasts segmented by region, technology, and application for power capacity (MW), energy capacity (MWh), and deployment revenue extend through 2028.
Pages 106
Tables | Charts | Figures 123
  • What is driving the growth of distributed energy storage?
  • What new regulatory policies are increasing DESS opportunities and which markets are open to these technologies?
  • How do the economics of distributed energy storage vary by country and region?
  • How are market participation models and government policies improving the bankability of DESSs?
  • What is the long-term potential of DESSs in an evolving electric power industry?
  • How is the emergence of DESS virtual power plants changing the energy landscape?
  • How are utilities approaching distributed energy storage in their service territories?
  • What are the capacity and revenue market forecasts for DESS through 2028?
  • Energy storage developers and independent power producers
  • Renewable energy development financing companies
  • Smart grid controls companies, software companies, and residential/home Internet of Things companies
  • Inverter and other balance of system vendors
  • Utilities and government and regulatory agencies
  • Housing cooperatives and nongovernmental organizations
  • Commercial and industrial energy storage integrators
  • Battery storage aggregators
  • Investor community

1. Executive Summary

1.1   Market Introduction

1.2   Market Forecasts

2. Market Overview

2.1   The Energy Cloud

2.1.1   The Role of Distributed Energy Storage in the Energy Cloud

2.1.1.1   Services Provided for Electricity Consumers

2.1.1.1.1   Increased Self-Consumption from Distributed Renewable Generation

2.1.1.1.2   Electricity Bill Management

2.1.1.1.3   Backup Power

2.1.1.2   Services Provided for System Operators

2.1.1.2.1   Frequency Regulation

2.1.1.2.2   Transmission and Distribution Deferral

2.1.1.2.3   Peak Capacity Investment Deferral

2.1.1.2.4   Services Provided for Microgrids

2.2   Drivers Shaping DESS Markets

2.2.1   Distributed Renewable Energy Growth

2.2.2   Cost Savings

2.2.2.1   Demand Charge Management

2.2.2.2   TOU Rates

2.2.2.3   EV Charging

2.2.3   Resiliency

2.2.4   Emerging DESS VPPs

2.2.5   Business Model and Financial Innovation

2.2.6   New Market Participation Models

2.2.7   Thermal Energy Storage Market Drivers

2.2.7.1   Global Shift toward Heating Electrification

2.2.7.2   Global Demand for Cooling and Peak Electricity

2.2.7.3   Sustainability and Energy Efficiency

2.2.8   Remote Microgrid Market Drivers

2.2.8.1   Lack of Energy Access in Key Developing World Markets

2.2.8.2   Incremental Energy Consumption Growth Patterns

2.2.8.3   Global Energy Access Initiatives

3. Regional Market Trends

3.1   Introduction

3.2   North America

3.2.1   Canada

3.2.2   US

3.3   Europe

3.3.1   Germany

3.3.2   Italy

3.3.3   UK

3.3.4   France

3.3.5   Netherlands

3.3.6   Ireland

3.3.7   Spain

3.4   Asia Pacific

3.4.1   Australia

3.4.2   India

3.4.3   Japan

3.4.4   New Zealand

3.4.5   Philippines

3.4.6   South Korea

3.5   Latin America

3.5.1   Mexico

3.6   Middle East & Africa

4. Technology Issues

4.1   Advanced Lead-Acid Batteries

4.2   Flow Batteries

4.3   Li-Ion Batteries

4.3.1   Li-Ion Challenges

4.3.2   Li-Ion Market and Technology Trends

4.4   Thermal Energy Storage Technologies

4.4.1   Sensible TES Technologies

4.4.1.1   TES Tanks

4.4.1.2   ERWHs

4.4.1.2.1   Electric Heat Pump Water Heaters

4.4.1.2.2   GIWHs

4.4.2   Latent TES Technologies

4.4.2.1   Static Ice Internal-Melt TESSs

4.4.2.2   Static Ice External-Melt TESSs

4.4.2.3   Encapsulated Ice TESSs

4.4.2.4   Unitary Ice TESSs

4.5   Remote Microgrids

4.5.1   Plug-and-Play Modular Microgrids

4.5.2   Remote Microgrid Segments

4.5.2.1   Commodity Extraction

4.5.2.2   Physical Islands

4.5.2.3   Village Electrification

4.6   Energy Storage Enabling Technologies

4.6.1   Energy Storage Software and Controls

4.6.1.1   Core Functions of Energy Storage Software

4.6.1.2   Project Analysis

4.6.1.3   System Control and Operation

4.6.1.4   System Optimization

4.7   Related Energy Storage Technologies

4.7.1   Intelligent Buildings and Building-to-Grid Integration for C&I Customers

4.7.2   Smart Home and Home Energy Solutions for Residential Customers

4.7.3   Blockchain

5. Key Industry Players

5.1  The DES Value Chain

5.2   Systems Integrators

5.2.1   Con Edison Solutions

5.2.2   Enel X

5.2.3   ENGIE

5.2.4   Pika Energy, Inc.

5.2.5   sonnen

5.2.6   Stem, Inc.

5.2.7   Tesla

5.3   Thermal Energy Storage Technology Developers

5.3.1   CALMAC

5.3.2   Ice Energy

5.3.3   Steffes ETS

5.3.4   Viking Cold Solutions, Inc.

5.4   Leading Technology Vendors

5.4.1   CATL

5.4.2   LG Chem

5.4.3   Samsung SDI

6. Market Forecasts

6.1   Methodology and Assumptions

6.2   Forecasts by Region

6.3   Forecasts by Building Type

6.4   Residential Energy Storage

6.5   Thermal Energy Storage

6.6   Conclusions and Recommendations

7. Building Types

7.1   Office

7.2   Retail

7.3   Education

7.4   Healthcare

7.5   Hotels & Restaurants

7.6   Institutional/Assembly

7.7   Warehouse

7.8   Transport

8. Acronym and Abbreviation List

9. Table of Contents

10. Table of Charts and Figures

11. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes
  • Average Retail Electricity Prices by Country, World Markets: 2019
  • Annual Solar PV Installed Capacity by Segment and Region, World Markets: 2019, 2021, 2025
  • Distributed BESS CAPEX Assumptions by Segment, Global Averages: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Distributed Thermal Energy Storage Power Capacity Additions by Segment, World Markets: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Battery Energy Storage for Microgrids Power Capacity by Segment, World Markets: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Distributed Battery Energy Storage Power Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Distributed Battery Energy Storage Power Capacity Additions by Segment, World Markets: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Distributed Battery Energy Storage Power Capacity Additions by Technology, World Markets: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Battery Energy Storage Power Capacity Additions by Building Type, World Markets: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Distributed Battery Energy Storage Energy Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Distributed Battery Energy Storage Energy Capacity Additions by Segment, World Markets: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Distributed Battery Energy Storage Energy Capacity Additions by Technology, World Markets: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Battery Energy Storage Energy Capacity Additions by Building Type, World Markets: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Distributed Battery Energy Storage Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Distributed Battery Energy Storage Vendor Revenue by Segment, World Markets: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Distributed Battery Energy Storage Vendor Revenue by Technology, World Markets: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Battery Energy Storage Vendor Revenue by Building Type, World Markets: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Distributed Battery Energy Storage Power Capacity Additions by Technology and Segment, North America: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Distributed Battery Energy Storage Energy Capacity Additions by Technology and Segment, North America: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Distributed Battery Energy Storage Deployment Revenue by Technology and Segment, North America: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Battery Energy Storage Power Capacity Additions by Building Type, North America: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Battery Energy Storage Energy Capacity Additions by Building Type, North America: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Battery Energy Storage Deployment Revenue by Building Type, North America: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Distributed Battery Energy Storage Power Capacity Additions by Technology and Segment, Western Europe: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Distributed Battery Energy Storage Energy Capacity Additions by Technology and Segment, Western Europe: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Distributed Battery Energy Storage Deployment Revenue by Technology and Segment, Western Europe: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Battery Energy Storage Power Capacity Additions by Building Type, Western Europe: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Battery Energy Storage Energy Capacity Additions by Building Type, Western Europe: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Battery Energy Storage Deployment Revenue by Building Type, Western Europe: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Distributed Battery Energy Storage Power Capacity Additions by Technology and Segment, Asia Pacific: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Distributed Battery Energy Storage Energy Capacity Additions by Technology and Segment, Asia Pacific: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Distributed Battery Energy Storage Deployment Revenue by Technology and Segment, Asia Pacific: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Battery Energy Storage Power Capacity Additions by Building Type, Asia Pacific: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Battery Energy Storage Energy Capacity Additions by Building Type, Asia Pacific: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Battery Energy Storage Deployment Revenue by Building Type, Asia Pacific: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Distributed Battery Energy Storage Power Capacity Additions by Technology and Segment, Eastern Europe: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Distributed Battery Energy Storage Energy Capacity Additions by Technology and Segment, Eastern Europe: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Distributed Battery Energy Storage Deployment Revenue by Technology and Segment, Eastern Europe: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Battery Energy Storage Power Capacity Additions by Building Type, Eastern Europe: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Battery Energy Storage Energy Capacity Additions by Building Type, Eastern Europe: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Battery Energy Storage Deployment Revenue by Building Type, Eastern Europe: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Distributed Battery Energy Storage Power Capacity Additions by Technology and Segment, Latin America: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Distributed Battery Energy Storage Energy Capacity Additions by Technology and Segment, Latin America: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Distributed Battery Energy Storage Deployment Revenue by Technology and Segment, Latin America: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Battery Energy Storage Power Capacity Additions by Building Type, Latin America: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Battery Energy Storage Energy Capacity Additions by Building Type, Latin America: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Battery Energy Storage Deployment Revenue by Building Type, Latin America: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Distributed Battery Energy Storage Power Capacity Additions by Technology and Segment, Middle East: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Distributed Battery Energy Storage Energy Capacity Additions by Technology and Segment, Middle East: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Distributed Battery Energy Storage Deployment Revenue by Technology and Segment, Middle East: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Battery Energy Storage Power Capacity Additions by Building Type, Middle East: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Battery Energy Storage Energy Capacity Additions by Building Type, Middle East: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Battery Energy Storage Deployment Revenue by Building Type, Middle East: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Distributed Battery Energy Storage Power Capacity Additions by Technology and Segment, Africa: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Distributed Battery Energy Storage Energy Capacity Additions by Technology and Segment, Africa: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Distributed Battery Energy Storage Deployment Revenue by Technology and Segment, Africa: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Battery Energy Storage Power Capacity Additions by Building Type, Africa: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Battery Energy Storage Energy Capacity Additions by Building Type, Africa: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Battery Energy Storage Deployment Revenue by Building Type, Africa: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Thermal Energy Storage Power Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Residential Thermal Energy Storage Power Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Thermal Energy Storage Power Capacity Additions by Building Type, World Markets: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Thermal Energy Storage Energy Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Residential Thermal Energy Storage Energy Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Thermal Energy Storage Energy Capacity Additions by Building Type, World Markets: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Thermal Energy Storage Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Residential Thermal Energy Storage Vendor Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Thermal Energy Storage Vendor Revenue by Building Type, World Markets: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Thermal Energy Storage Power Capacity Additions by Building Type, North America: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Thermal Energy Storage Energy Capacity Additions by Building Type, North America: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Thermal Energy Storage Vendor Revenue by Building Type, North America: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Thermal Energy Storage Power Capacity Additions by Building Type, Western Europe: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Thermal Energy Storage Energy Capacity Additions by Building Type, Western Europe: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Thermal Energy Storage Vendor Revenue by Building Type, Western Europe: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Thermal Energy Storage Power Capacity Additions by Building Type, Asia Pacific: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Thermal Energy Storage Energy Capacity Additions by Building Type, Asia Pacific: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Thermal Energy Storage Vendor Revenue by Building Type, Asia Pacific: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Thermal Energy Storage Power Capacity Additions by Building Type, Eastern Europe: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Thermal Energy Storage Energy Capacity Additions by Building Type, Eastern Europe: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Thermal Energy Storage Vendor Revenue by Building Type, Eastern Europe: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Thermal Energy Storage Power Capacity Additions by Building Type, Latin America: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Thermal Energy Storage Energy Capacity Additions by Building Type, Latin America: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Thermal Energy Storage Vendor Revenue by Building Type, Latin America: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Thermal Energy Storage Power Capacity Additions by Building Type, Middle East: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Thermal Energy Storage Energy Capacity Additions by Building Type, Middle East: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Thermal Energy Storage Vendor Revenue by Building Type, Middle East: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Thermal Energy Storage Power Capacity Additions by Building Type, Africa: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Thermal Energy Storage Energy Capacity Additions by Building Type, Africa: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Thermal Energy Storage Vendor Revenue by Building Type, Africa: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Energy Storage for Microgrids Power Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Energy Storage for Microgrids Power Capacity by Segment, World Markets: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Energy Storage for Microgrids Power Capacity by Technology, World Markets: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Energy Storage for Microgrids Energy Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Energy Storage for Microgrids Energy Capacity by Segment, World Markets: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Energy Storage for Microgrids Energy Capacity by Technology, World Markets: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Energy Storage for Microgrids Deployment Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Energy Storage for Microgrids Deployment Revenue by Segment, World Markets: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Energy Storage for Microgrids Deployment Revenue by Technology, World Markets: 2019-2028
  • C&I Buildings by Resiliency Need 
  • Energy Storage for EV Charging Power Capacity and Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2018-2027
  • Annual Installed Distributed Battery Energy Storage Power Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Battery Energy Storage Power Capacity Additions by Building Type, World Markets: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Residential Energy Storage Power Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed C&I Thermal Energy Storage Power Capacity Deployments by Region, World Markets: 2019-2028
  • DESS CAPEX Assumptions by Segment, Average Installed Costs, World Markets: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Distributed Microgrid Energy Storage Power Capacity Additions by Region, World Markets: 2019-2028
  • Annual Installed Distributed Battery Energy Storage Power Capacity Additions by Segment, World Markets: 2019-2028
  • Complex, Interconnected Services in the Energy Cloud
  • Services Provided by Energy Storage on the Grid by Stakeholder Groups
  • Distributed Solar PV in the US
  • Impact of the Shift in TOU Rates on a Standalone Solar PV System
  • Impact of the Shift in TOU Rates on a Solar PV Plus ESS
  • Impact of the Shift in TOU Rates on a Standalone ESS
  • SCE TOU-D-PRIME
  • Average Hours of Interrupted Service for US Electricity Customers: 2016-2017
  • Average Hours of Interrupted Service for US Electricity Customers by State: 2017
  • The Coupling of Consumer and Utility Values via VPPs
  • Reduced Solar Exports Due to AGL’s RESS VPP: 2017-2018
  • EaaS – Integrated DER and Energy Management Solutions
  • ESS Software Core Operating Modules
  • Market Transformation from Linear to Sustained Engagements
  • The Smart Home
  • The Energy Storage Project Value Chain
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