Distribution and Substation Automation

Distribution Substation Automation, Feeder Automation, and
Transformer Automation: Global Market Analysis and Forecasts

During the next decade, many utilities worldwide will undertake significant investments in their substation, feeder, and transformer automation technologies and solutions. All types of utilities, including investor-owned, municipal, vertically integrated, and distribution system operators (DSOs), seek to improve reliability, upgrade and replace aging infrastructure, and integrate new distributed generation (DG) resources into the grid. Navigant Research expects automation investments to cover many of the medium-voltage (MV) primary substations, MV distribution feeders, and low-voltage (LV) transformers and transformer substations worldwide through 2025.

Among global regions, North America, Europe, and Asia Pacific have experienced the greatest penetration of distributed renewables and other resources that could cause disruptions to the grid. Distribution automation (DA) and substation automation (SA) solutions will enable all utilities to deliver on the promise of a self-healing smart grid. The next generation of digital automated distribution and substation feeders will use increasingly sophisticated digital and wireless monitoring, expanded functionality intelligent electronic devices, and increasing levels of automation. These feeders will also use new automated approaches via autonomous networking intelligent devices. According to Navigant Research, global annual DA and SA revenue is expected to grow from $7.6 billion in 2016 to $12.2 billion in 2025.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the global market for DA and SA technologies, with a focus on three categories: distribution substation automation, feeder automation, and transformer automation. The report provides an analysis of the market issues, including drivers, barriers, and regulatory factors, and case studies associated with these solutions. Global market forecasts for revenue, segmented by category and region, extend through 2025. The study also examines the key technologies related to DA and SA, as well as the competitive landscape.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • What are the primary technologies for distribution substation, feeder, and transformer automation?
  • How do these technologies contribute to improved distribution system reliability and operations?
  • What factors affect the implementation of the different automation technologies?
  • How do the market trends related to distribution substation, feeder, and transformer solutions vary by region?
  • What are the key drivers for the growth of the overall distribution automation (DA) and substation automation (SA) market?
  • How will the DA and SA vendor landscape change as the market matures?
Who needs this report?
  • Monitoring and automation technology vendors, developers, and planners
  • Transformer vendors
  • Engineering design and construction companies
  • Distribution utilities
  • Research organizations
  • Government agencies and regulators
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1  Introduction

1.2  Market Overview

1.3  Market Trends

1.4  DA and SA Market Forecast

2. Market Issues       

2.1  Introduction

2.1.1     Distribution Substation Installations

2.2  Market Drivers

2.2.1     Reliability and Stability

2.2.2     Smart Grid Funding Initiatives

2.2.3     Disruptive Factors of DER

2.2.4     Changing Cost Recovery Models

2.2.5     The Aging Distribution Infrastructure and Substation Fleet

2.2.6     Urbanization and Electrification

2.2.7     Cost Reductions

2.2.8     Advanced Metering Infrastructure and Smart Meter Installations

2.3  Market Barriers

2.3.1     Cost-of-Service Ratemaking

2.4  Market Drivers, Trends, and Opportunities by Region

2.4.1     North America

2.4.1.1  Drivers

2.4.1.2  Trends and Opportunities

2.4.2     Europe

2.4.2.1  Drivers

2.4.2.2  Trends and Opportunities

2.4.3     Asia Pacific

2.4.3.1  Drivers

2.4.3.2  Trends and Opportunities

2.4.4     Latin America and the Middle East & Africa

2.4.4.1  Drivers

2.4.4.2  Trends and Opportunities

3. Technology Issues

3.1  Introduction to Distribution and Substation Technologies

3.1.1     North American Distribution System

3.1.2     European Distribution System

3.1.3     Rest of World Distribution Systems

3.2  Distribution Substation and Feeder Automation

3.2.1     Central Processor Controlled

3.2.2     Decentralized Processor Controlled

3.2.3     Autonomous Operation with No Upstream Control

3.3  Major Substation and Feeder Automation Devices

3.3.1     Monitoring and Sensors

3.3.1.1  Sensors

3.3.2     Intelligent Electronic Devices

3.3.2.1  Switchgear

3.3.2.2  Protective Relays

3.3.2.3  Breakers and Reclosers

3.3.2.4  Remote Terminal Units

3.3.2.5  Intelligent Transformers

3.3.3     Communications

3.4  Case Studies

3.4.1     NSTAR Substation and Feeder Automation SGIG Project

3.4.2     Iberdrola STAR DA and SA Project

3.4.3     FPL’s and S&C’s TripSaver Feeder Automation System

4. Key Industry Players

4.1  DA and SA Vendors

4.1.1     ABB

4.1.2     Advanced Control Systems

4.1.3     Alstom Grid

4.1.4     Eaton/Cooper Power Systems

4.1.5     GE Energy

4.1.6     Gridco Systems

4.1.7     S&C Electric

4.1.8     Schneider Electric

4.1.9     SEL

4.1.10   Siemens AG

4.1.11   Tollgrade Communications

4.1.12   Varentec

4.2  DSOs and Utilities

4.2.1     Duke Energy

4.2.2     EDF

4.2.3     EURELECTRIC

4.2.4     Eversource Energy (NSTAR)

4.2.5     FPL

4.2.6     Iberdrola

4.2.7     Oncor

4.2.8     PG&E

5. Market Forecast

5.1  Introduction

5.2  Forecast Methodology and Assumptions

5.3  Global DA and SA Market Forecast

5.3.1     Overall DA and SA Forecast by Category

5.3.2     Distribution Substation Automation Forecast

5.3.3     Feeder Automation Forecast

5.3.4     Transformer Automation Forecast

5.4  North American Market Forecast

5.5  European Market Forecast

5.6  Asia Pacific Market Forecast

5.7  Latin American Market Forecast

5.8  Middle East & Africa Market Forecast

5.9  Conclusions and Recommendations

5.9.1     Conclusions and Recommendations for Utilities

5.9.2     Conclusions and Recommendations for Vendors

6. Acronym and Abbreviation List

7. Table of Contents

8. Table of Charts and Figures

9. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Annual Distribution and Substation Automation Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Cumulative Distribution and Substation Automation Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Annual Distribution and Substation Automation Revenue by Category, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Annual Distribution Substation Automation Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Annual Feeder Automation Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Annual Transformer Automation Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Annual Distribution and Substation Automation Revenue by Category, North America: 2016-2025
  • Annual Distribution and Substation Automation Revenue by Category, Europe: 2016-2025
  • Annual Distribution and Substation Automation Revenue by Category, Asia Pacific: 2016-2025
  • Annual Distribution and Substation Automation Revenue by Category, Latin America: 2016-2025
  • Annual Distribution and Substation Automation Revenue by Category, Middle East & Africa: 2016-2025
  • DA and SA Technologies and Automation Improve SAIDI Metrics
  • Simplified Utility T&D Network
  • North American vs. European LV Distribution System Designs
  • Distribution Feeder Topologies
  • Distribution Fault Restoration Automated Sequence
  • Examples of Distribution Intelligent Electronic Devices, Feeder Switchgear, and Other Equipment
  • Typical Switchgear and Other Equipment Installation at MV Distribution Substation
  • NSTAR SGIG Project—Installations in the Southern Region
  • Autonomous Distribution Feeder Automation Device: S&C TripSaver II

List of Tables

  • Distribution Substations, Feeders, and Transformers by Region, World Markets: 2016
  • Simplified Utility T&D Network Classifications
  • Automation Technology Applicability
  • Market Segment Definitions
  • Annual Distribution Substations by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Annual MV Distribution Feeders by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Annual Distribution Transformers by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Annual Automated Distribution Substations by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Annual Automated Feeders by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Annual Automated Distribution Transformers by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Automation Penetration of Distribution Substations by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Automation Penetration of Feeders by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Automation Penetration of Distribution Transformers by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Newly Automated and Upgraded Distribution Substations by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Newly Automated MV Distribution Feeders by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Newly Automated Distribution Transformers by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Annual Distribution and Substation Automation Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Cumulative Distribution and Substation Automation Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Market Share of Annual Distribution and Substation Automation Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Annual Distribution Substation Automation Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Average Cost for Distribution Substation Automation (New and Upgraded) per Substation, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Annual Feeder Automation Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Average Cost for Feeder Automation (New and Upgraded) per Feeder, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Annual Transformer Automation Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Average Cost for Transformer Automation (New and Upgraded) per Transformer, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Annual Distribution and Substation Automation Revenue by Category, World Markets: 2016-2025
  • Annual Distribution and Substation Automation Revenue by Category, North America: 2016-2025
  • Annual Distribution and Substation Automation Revenue by Category, Europe: 2016-2025
  • Annual Distribution and Substation Automation Revenue by Category, Asia Pacific: 2016-2025
  • Annual Distribution and Substation Automation Revenue by Category, Latin America: 2016-2025
  • Annual Distribution and Substation Automation Revenue by Category, Middle East & Africa: 2016-2025

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